1 "America's Gambling Fever," U. S. News and World Report, 15 January 1996, p. 55.

2 Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 10th ed., 1976, p. 425.

3 William R. Eadington, "Economic Development and the Introduction of Casinos: Myths and Realities," Economic Development Review, Forthcoming, p. 3.

4 "Gambling Proposals a Long Shot," Los Angeles Daily News, 7 August 1994, p. N1.

5 Mark M. Quinn, "Social Costs of Casino Proposal Are Too High," Chicago Sun-Times, 4 April 1992, Sec. Forum, p. 16.

6 Robert Goodman, "Legalized Gambling as a Strategy for Economic Development," United States Gambling Study, March 1994, p. 59.

7 Eadington, "Economic Development," op.cit., p. 6.

8 "Distressed Cities Increasingly Bank on Casino Gambling," National Civic Review, Summer 1993, p. 303.

9 "The Economic Impacts of Casino Gaming," Harrah's Entertainment Inc., 1995, p. 6.

10 Christina and Benjamin Schwarz, "Mississippi Monte Carlo: Gambling Industry in Tunica County," The Atlantic Monthly, January 1996, p. 67.

11 David Palermo, "Gaming's Expansion Aiding Minority Job Seekers," Las Vegas Review-Journal, 21 November 1993, p. E15.

12 E. L. Grinols and J. D. Omorov, "Development or Dreamfield Delusions? Assessing Casino Gambling's Costs and Benefits," (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, 1995), p. 13.

13 Kathleen Sylvester, "Jackpot Fever," Governing, December 1992, p. 25.

14 "Distressed Cities Increasingly Bank on Casino Gambling," op.cit., p. 303.

15 Ibid.

16 Rita Koselka and Christopher Palmeri, "Snake Eyes," Forbes, 1 March 1993, p. 70.

17 The WEFA Group, "The Effects of Casino Gaming on Consumer Spending," (Bala Cynwyd, PA: The WEFA Group, 1994), p. 8.

18 Russell Gould, "An Economic Analysis of the California Horse Racing Industry" Prepared for the California Thoroughbred Breeders Association, The Federation of California Racing Associations, Inc. And The Thoroughbred Owners of California, July 1, 1996.

19 Wisconsin Indian Gaming Association and the University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service, "Economic Benefits of American Indian Gaming Facilities in Wisconsin," March 1993.

20 National Conference of State Legislatures, "Personal Income Effects of Minnesota Casinos Analyzed," The Fiscal Letter vol. XVI, no. 3 (1994), p. 5.

21 "Casino's Winning Streak Lifts Small Thrifts," American Banker, 13 May 1996, p. 4.

22 George Goldman, "The California State Lottery and Rural Areas," Western Wire, Fall 1994, p. 21.

23 "Effects of Casino Gaming on Property Values and Property Taxes," Harrah's Entertainment, Inc., 1995, p. 1.

24 Jan McMillen, "The Impact of Casinos in Australian Cities," in William R. Eadington and Judy A. Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy (Reno, NV: Institute for the Study of Gambling & Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, 1991), p. 89.

25 Kathleen Sylvester, "Jackpot Fever," Governing, December 1992, p. 23.

26 Steven D. Gold, "Are Casinos a Windfall for State Budgets," State Fiscal Brief, no. 30, State University of New York, p. 1.

27 Promus Companies Inc., "The Do's and Don't of Casino Legislation: Lesson from the Field," 1994, p. 3.

28 Steven D. Gold, "It's Not a Miracle, It's a Mirage," State Legislatures, February 1994, p. 28.

29 U.S. Conference of Mayors, "Gaming and Gambling in America's Cities," September 1993.

30 Donald Hunter and Ernest Bleinberger, "Gaming in America," Economic Development Commentary vol. 19, no. 1 (Spring 1995), p. 6.

31 Marilyn Whitney, "An Economic Study of California Gambling," Senate Committee on Rules, September 1995.

32 "Going for Broke on Casino Gambling," The Washington Post National Weekly Edition 28 August - 3 September 1995, p. 33.

33 Ed Anderson and Alfred Charles, "New Orleans, State Study Options for Dealing with Harrah's," The New Orleans Times-Picayune, 23 November 1995, p. 8.

34 Richard Givson, "Slot Machines Pay Off Big for Iowa County Racetrack," Wall Street Journal, June 24, 1996, p. B1.

35 Ibid.

36 "Going for Broke on Casino Gambling," The Washington Post National, Weekly Edition, 28 August - 3 September 1995, p. 33.

37 Eadington in Bulter & Pearce, op.cit., p. 169.

38 Florida Office of Planning and Budgeting, "Casinos in Florida: An Analysis of the Economic and Social Impacts," 1994.

39 The WEFA Group, op.cit., p. 8.

40 "Lottery Official Blaming Sinking Revenues on Riverboat Gambling," Chicago Tribune, 8 February 1994, p. 2.

41 Whitney, op.cit.

42 Goodman, "Legalized Gambling," op.cit., p. 125.

43 "America's Gambling Fever," U. S. News and World Report, 15 January 1996, p. 55.

44 William Thompson and Ricardo Gazel, "The Monetary Impacts of Riverboat Casino Gambling in Illinois," 11 June 1996, Unpublished paper.

45 E. L. Grinols and J. D. Omorov, "Development or Dreamfield Delusions? Assessing Casino Gambling's Costs and Benefits," (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois, 1995), p. 4.

46 Goodman, op.cit., p.63.

47 William Thompson, Ricardo Gazel and Dan Rickman, "The Social Costs of Gambling In Wisconsin," Wisconsin Policy Research Institute Report, July 1996.

48 Grinols and Omorov, op.cit., p. 4.

49 Gabrielle A. and Reuven Brenner, "Gambling: Shaping an Opinion," in Eadington & Cornelius, eds., Gambling and Public Policy, p. 493.

50 "Studies of Gambling Deal Few Answers--Conclusions Elusive on Social, Economic Impact of Casinos," Chicago Sun-Times, 1 June 1993, p. 14.

51 Dan Walters, "A New Edge for Nevada," Sacramento Bee, 7 November 1995, p. A3.

52 Governor's Office of Planning and Research, "California and Nevada: Subsidy, Monopoly, and Competitive Effects of Legalized Gambling," December 1992, p. ES-2.