Subject: Studies in the News 03-68 (October 17, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

October 1853 - "In the early 1800s, Russian and Aleut sea otter hunters clashed violently with Indian people living on remote San Nicolas Island. The mission padres requested that these Indians be moved to the mainland for their own safety As the ship was being loaded, a woman discovered her child had been left in the village and went back to find it. Meanwhile a strong wind arose. The ship was forced to sail and the woman was abandoned on the island, her child apparently killed by wild dogs. The schooner was unable to go back for her, and she spent eighteen years alone on the barren, windswept island. In October 1853, when she had been all but forgotten, a party headed by sea otter hunter George Nidever found the Indian woman alive and well on San Nicolas. San Diego Museum of Man http://www.museumofman.org/html/education_bluedolphins.html "    

1853 - "Alone on the island, Juana Maria proved quite resourceful. She cast fishing lines with hooks made from shells. She built a hut of whale bones. She replaced her worn clothing with garments made from the feathers of cormorants. At night, she silently crept to the seams in cliff crags to snatch the sleeping birds from their roosts. She used a bone needle and threads made of seal sinews to sew their shiny green feathers together, carefully matching them so the finished garment looked to be made from solid material. Early California Stories U.S. Department of the Interior http://www.mms.gov/omm/pacific/kids/stories.htm "    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Impending crisis with plea bargaining
   Animal and ecological terrorism
   Transportation and border security risks
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Farmworkers' opportunity to earn legal status
ECONOMY
   Forecast says economy has hit bottom
   Improving consumer price measurement
   Appeals court backs do-not-call list
   CalPERS speaks on NYSE reform
   CalPERS testimony on corporate governance
   Earnings inequality in the U.S.
   Future disasters for computer networks
EDUCATION
   Evaluation of California's Public Schools Accountability Act of 1999
   Charter schools and integrated education
   Federal funding for educating disabled children
   Educational attainment and social well-being
   Improving nutrional quality of school food
   School and youth violence prevention
   Low number of special education formal disputes
EMPLOYMENT
   Disabled young people gaining independence
   Court OKs employment arbitration agreements
   Present and future of pension insurance
   Reform of workers' compensation courts
   Workers' compensation reform laws
ENERGY
   Draft integrated energy report
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Board limits emissions from lawn mowers
   Sacramento foothill smog
   Coastal Commission report on border fence
   Hazard loss reduction research
   Update of statewide water plan
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Federal budget deficit projections
   Future budget deficits
   Counties' electronic government survey
   Return on E-government investment
   Ethics training
   Civic engagement of young people
   Multilingual voter survey
HEALTH
   Racial disparities in cancer screening
   Health insurance for low-income children
   Rating for HMOs
   State Medicaid spending
   Medi-Cal managed care for disabled adults
   Economic perspectives on childhood obesity
   Prescription drug discount cards
   Issues related to the uninsured
HOUSING
   America's housing wage
HUMAN SERVICES
   Legal overview of paternity
   Paternity and child support
   Ending chronic homelessness
   Rise in poverty rate
TRANSPORTATION
   Sites for San Diego aiport
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Evaluation of the CYSA/TANF program
   Industry dynamics in Silicon Valley
   Teaching all students
   Community connections for children at risk
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

SENTENCING

Department Policy Concerning Charging Criminal Offenses, Disposition of Charges, and Sentencing. By John Ashcroft, Attorney General. (Federal Public Defender, Western District of Pennsylvania) September 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.fpdpaw.org/pdf/doj-plea-memo.pdf

["If Attorney General John Ashcroft's new directive limiting the use of plea bargains in federal prosecutions were enforced to the letter, legal experts said, the criminal justice system would soon face a crisis....The directive, which was issued to all federal prosecutors, requires them to charge defendants with 'the most serious, readily provable offense' in every case and, with some exceptions, not to engage in plea negotiations thereafter." The Fresno Bee (September 24, 2003) A6.]

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TERRORISM

Animal and Ecological Terrorism in America. By the American Legislative Exchange Council. (The Council, Washington, DC) September 4, 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.alec.org/meSWFiles/pdf/AnimalandEcologicalTerrorisminAmerica.pdf

["Environmental and animal rights groups who commit acts of terror are now targets themselves of a new model bill ... The legislation specifically addresses actions that are designed to intimidate, coerce, invoke fear, or other forms of terror that are committed in the name of environmental or animal rights activism." U.S. Newswire (September 15, 2003)]

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Homeland Security: Risks Facing Key Border and Transportation Program Need to Be Addressed. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-1083. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2003. 104 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-1083

["The goals of the program, the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT), are to facilitate legitimate trade and travel, enhance national security and adhere to U.S. privacy laws and policies.... GAO identified 10 factors affecting US-VISIT and concluded the program is a very risky endeavor."]

[Request #S9295]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

IMMIGRANTS

Agricultural Job Opportunity, Benefits, and Security Act of 2003: As Introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives. By Representative Chris Cannon. (Government Printing Office, Washington, DC) September 23, 2003. 102 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/qhzl

["The measure gives undocumented farmworkers the chance to earn legal permanent status if they agree to keep working in agriculture for a while. The bill also makes it easier to bring in foreign workers through the H-2A program, which in its current form has been largely shunned by California farmers." Fresno Bee (September 24, 2003) A1.]

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ECONOMY

CALIFORNIA

The UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California. By the UCLA Anderson Forecasting Project, Anderson Graduate School of Management. And Quarterly Business Forecast Seminar: Packet. By Tom Lieser, Anderson Graduate School of Management, and others. (The School, Los Angeles, California) September 2003. Various pagings.

["Venture capital investment has picked up, job losses have stabilized, and California's economy has finally hit bottom, but recovery is coming slowly with a strong rebound unlikely until 2005, according to the quarterly UCLA Anderson Forecast. The report -- which found the economy weaker than expected in the past quarter -- projects only slight growth in 2004 but a brighter outlook for the following year." Daily News of Los Angeles (September 24, 2003) N1.]

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CONSUMER PRICE INDEX

Improving the Way We Measure Consumer Prices. By Tao Wu, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. Number 2003-24. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) August 22, 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2003/el2003-24.pdf

["In August 2002, the Bureau of Labor Statistics began publishing a new aggregate price index called the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers.... This new chained index is designed to be a better measure of consumer prices and the 'cost-of-living' than the traditional CPI. This Economic Letter examines the details and recent behavior of this new index and compares it with other consumer price measures."]

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CONSUMER PROTECTION

Federal Trade Commission, et al. v. Mainstream Marketing Services, Inc., et al. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Order. 03-1429. October 7, 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.ck10.uscourts.gov/circuit/031429.pdf

["The Federal Trade Commission won the right to operate its national do-not-call list, at least until a federal appeals court can decide whether the registry violates the free-speech rights of telemarketers. More important, the judges signaled that they would probably uphold the legality of the registry after they hear oral arguments in the case next month." Los Angeles Times (October 8, 2003) A1.]

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CORPORATIONS

CalPERS President Outlines Three Critical Steps Needed at New York Stock Exchange to Restore Investor Confidence: Press Release. September 18, 2003. By Sean Harrigan, President, CalPERS Board of Administration. (CalPERS, Sacramento, California) 1 p.

Full Text at: www.calpers.ca.gov/whatsnew/press/2003/0918a.htm

["Calling the ouster of New York Stock Exchange chief Dick Grasso 'the right thing to do,' the leader of the California Public Employees' Retirement System pressed for an overhaul of the exchange.... CalPERS wants an overhaul to include an independent committee to nominate directors, better public disclosure of compensation and financial issues, and adoption of a tough corporate governance program." Sacramento Bee (September 29, 2003) D1.]

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Testimony: The Implementation of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and Restoring Investor Confidence. By Sean Harrigan, President, CalPERS Board of Administration. Presented to the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs. (CalPERS, Sacramento, California) September 23, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.calpers.ca.gov/whatsnew/press/resource/harrigan-testimony.htm

["The root causes of problems like abusive executive compensation, lack of oversight that helps permit fraud, and plain old poor financial performance, is the lack of accountability of board members to their owners. A reasonable and balanced approach to providing investors with greater access to management’s proxy statement will directly address this problem."]

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INCOME INEQUALITY

Earnings Inequality and Earnings Mobility in the U.S. By Mary Daly and Rob Valletta, Federal Reserve Bank, San Francisco. IN: FRBSF Economic Letter, Number 2003-28 (September 26, 2003) 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2003/el2003-28.pdf

["In this Economic Letter,we review trends in earnings inequality and mobility for the years 1967–2000. Accurate assessment of these patterns is important for crafting and evaluating national economic policies. A recent example is the impact of federal tax cuts, which ... depends on individuals’ lifetime incomes and, hence, their earnings mobility."]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

CyberInsecurity: How the Dominance of Microsoft's Products Poses a Risk to Security. By Dan Geer, @Stake, and others. Prepared for the Computer and Communications Industry Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) September 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.ccianet.org/papers/cyberinsecurity.pdf

["The world's computer networks are headed for disaster if Microsoft Corp.'s operating system maintains dominance, a group of security experts warned. Despite Microsoft's high-profile effort to improve its software's security, more and more worms and other attacks will continue to hit the Internet, simply because more than 90 percent of computers run the same system." San Francisco Chronicle (September 25, 2003) B1.]

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EDUCATION

ACCOUNTABILITY

California's Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA): Evaluation Findings and Implications. By the American Institutes for Research. (The Institutes, Palo Alto, California) September 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.edsource.org/pdf/AIRpsaa03.pdf

["This Evaluation Brief summarizes the main findings and implications of the legislatively mandated, independent evaluation of California's Public Schools Accountability Act of 1999.... PSAA has successfully increased attention to improving student achievement and low performing schools.... But the additonal direct benefits to achievement from either the underperforming or high performing programs were negligible."]

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CHARTER SCHOOLS

Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education. By Erica Frankenberg and Chungmei Lee, The Civil Rights Project, Harvard University. (The Project, Cambridge, Massachussetts) 2003. 55 p.

Full Text at: www.civilrightsproject.harvard.edu/research/deseg/Charter_Schools03.pdf

["This report explores whether charter schools ... are more or less segregated than their public school counterparts. According to the authors, charter schools in most of these states enroll disproportionately higher percentages of minority students resulting in students of all races being more likely to attend schools that, on average, have a higher percentage of minority students." Education Commission of the States, e-Bulletins (September 30, 2003).]

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DISABILITIES

Federal Formula Grants and California: Education Programs for Disabled Children. By Tim Ransdell, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) September 2003. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/FF_903TRFF.pdf

["This report first examines the structure of the three grants used to allocate the bulk of federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act funding to states and school districts. It then reviews recent program funding history. Finally, it discusses the operation of funding formulas and applies various funding-change scenarios to illustrate alternative state allocations."]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

"Research Links Education Levels with Economic, Social Well-Being. [Issue Theme.]" By the Education Commission of the States. The Progess of Education Reform 2003: Educational Reform, vol. 4, no. 2. (September 2003) 4 p.

Full Text at: www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/47/47/4747.pdf

["This issue offers a brief review of recent research findings on the correlation between educational attainment and economic and social well-being. It also provides links to Web sites that feature state rankings on health, crime rates, voting participation, workforce preparation, per-capita income and tax revenues, and other key indicators."]

[Request #S9306]

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SCHOOL MEALS

The School Foods Kit. By the Center for Science in the Public Interest. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: cspinet.org/schoolfood/

["This kit includes goals and strategies for improving school foods and beverages as well as background materials and fact sheets on children's diet and health, school meal programs, and vending, and other school food venues.... It provides model legislation, sample letters, and a list of... states working to improve the nutritional quality of school foods and beverages."]

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SCHOOL SAFETY

From America's Front Line Against Crime: A School and Youth Violence Prevention Plan. By Fight Crime: Invest in Kids (Fight Crime, Washington, DC) 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.fightcrime.org/reports/schoolviol.pdf

["We call on all public officials to adopt a four-part plan to dramaticallly reduce crime and violence, and help young people learn the skills and values they need to become good neighbors and responsible adults. While no plan can prevent every violent act, this common-sense plan -- based on our experience and the latest research about what really works to fight crime -- can make all of us safer."]

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SPECIAL EDUCATION

Special Education: Numbers of Formal Disputes Are Generally Low and States Are Using Mediation and Other Strategies to Resolve Conflicts. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-897. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-897

["On occasion, parents and schools disagree about what kinds of special services, if any, are needed for children and how they should be provided.... GAO determined the kinds of issues that result in formal disputes, the extent to which ... formal mechanisms are employed for resolution, the role of mediation and other alternative dispute resolution strategies."]

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EMPLOYMENT

DISABLED WORKERS

Young People with Disabilities: Moving from Dependence to Independence. By Diana M. Hinton, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 40. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2003. 2 p.

["Despite federal and state legislation, many young people with disabilities leave school without jobs, postsecondary education or the support to acquire them.... Transition services prepare young people for the world of adulthood.... Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act require schools to include a transition plan in each disabled student's Individual Education Plan."]

[Request #S9310]

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EMPLOYER LIABILITY

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Luce, Forward, Hamilton & Scripps. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 00-57222. September 30, 2003. 46 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/pgzu

["Employers can compel workers to sign arbitration agreements surrendering their right to sue in court over race and sex discrimination, the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled.... In the 8-3 decision, the court explicitly overturned a ruling it rendered just five years ago.... The majority found that the court's earlier ruling was contrary to Congress' endorsement of alternative dispute resolution when it passed the Civil Rights Act of 1991." Los Angeles Times (October 1, 2003) C1.]

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RETIREMENT

The Present and Future of Pension Insurance. By Simon Kwan, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. Number 2003-25. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) August 29, 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2003/el2003-25.pdf

[In the last two years, a large number of defined benefit pension plans have swung from record overfunding to record underfunding, exposing many workers and retirees to pension risk....This Economic Letter discusses pension insurance, including how it works, the financial health of the pension insurer, and what can be done to improve it."]

[Request #S9312]

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WORKERS COMPENSATION

"Injured on the Job: California Seeks to Rehabilitate a Social Contract." By Nicholas M. Pace and Robert T. Reville. IN: Rand Review, vol. 27, no. 2 (Summer 2003) pp. 11-15.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/randreview/issues/summer2003/injured.html

["Rand Corporation conducted a top-to-bottom review of the California workers' compensation courts to gain a better understanding of the causes of delay, the reasons for the high cost, and the sources of procedural inconsistencies.... Staff shortages impede every aspect of court operations.... The study team proposed a large number of specific recommendations."]

[Request #S9313]

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Summary of 2003 Legislative Reform (AB 227 and SB 228). By the California Workers' Compensation Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) September 24, 2003. 16 p.

["After reviewing the legislative 'overhaul' of the workers' compensation system passed by the legislature, the Institute has produced a summary of the key provisions, including the appropriate Labor Code and Insurance code sections. The conference committee estimated the bills would produce a one-time savings of $5.3 billion and ongoing savings of $4.892 billion to $5.592 billion." CWCI Bulletin (September 26, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9346]

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ENERGY

ENERGY MANAGEMENT

2003 Integrated Energy Policy Report: Draft. By the Ad Hoc Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, California Energy Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) September 17, 2003. 39 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/r1db

["This report will focus on an overview of major energy trends and issues facing the state, including, but not limited to, supply, demand, pricing, reliability, efficiency and impacts on public health and safety, the economy, resources and the environment. The report will develop long-term objectives and strategies and recommend policy initiatives.... The Committee will hold a series of five hearings around California to receive input on this draft report."]

[Request #S9314]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

Public Hearing to Consider the Adoption of Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Control Requirements for Small Off-Road Equipment and Engines Less Than or Equal to 19 Kilowatts: Staff Report. By the California Air Resources Board. (The Board, Sacramento, California) August 8, 2003. 98 p.

Full Text at: www.arb.ca.gov/regact/sore03/isor.pdf

["The California Air Resources Board adopted new regulations to curb pollution from lawn mowers, chain saws and leaf blowers, setting the stage for a showdown with Congress over regulatory authority.... A Senate committee recently approved a measure that would block the new rule.... Such little machines might seem like bit players in the smog wars, but 14 million of them are in use in California, and their exhaust and leaky fuel tanks and hoses emit 152 tons of smog-forming fumes daily." Los Angeles Times (September 26, 2003) B1.]

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"Fleeing Smog? Look Out for Trees: Oak, Pine Gases Mix with City Pollutants to Make Foothill Air Worse than Valley's." By Chris Bowman. IN: Sacramento Bee (September 7, 2003) p. A1, A24.

["Placer and El Dorado county politicians have blamed Sacramento County and the Bay Area for their persistently high smog levels. But it turns out much of the smog-forming pollution in the hills originates on home turf. On hot days, the black oaks, live oaks and interior live oaks studding the hills contribute most of the hydrocarbons in the smog recipe."]

[Request #S9316]

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COASTAL RESOURCES

Staff Report and Recommendation on Consistency Determination. By the Staff of the California Coastal Commission. CD-063-03. (The Commission, San Francisco, California) October 2003. 62 p.

Full Text at: www.coastal.ca.gov/cd/W8a-10-2003.pdf

["The state Coastal Commission appears headed for a showdown with the Bush administration over plans to seal the westernmost 5 miles of the U.S.-Mexico border by building two additional security fences and roads for the Border Patrol. A report by the coastal agency's staff advises commissioners to deny the project because it would do more harm than is necessary to the environment.... The vote on the project ... has been postponed until February." San Diego Union Tribune (October 7, 2003) 1.]

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NATURAL DISASTERS

Assessing Federal Research and Development for Hazard Loss Reduction. By Charles Meade and Megan Abbott, Rand Science and Technology Policy Institute. Prepared for the Office of Science and Technology Policy. MR-1734-OSTP. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 65 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1734/MR1734.pdf

["The study concludes that a comprehensive national loss database and greater use of loss modeling would assist in identifying essential research areas, and that R&D activities should be reoriented toward longer-term efforts, focusing on technologies that can reduce infrastructure losses and better protect individuals and property. The study offers recommendations on a more thoughful framework for the role of research in hazard loss reduction."]

[Request #S9318]

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WATER RESOURCES

California Water Plan Update 2003: An Investment Guide for California's Water Future: Draft. By the Department of Water Resources. (The Department, Sacramento, California) September 2003. Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.waterplan.water.ca.gov/b160/workgroups/chapterreviewgroup.htm#volume2

["The plan endorses more investigation of water storage projects but says the state can easily gain about 5 million acre-feet -- enough for about 10 million new households -- by investing in better use of existing supplies.... The report recommends a portfolio of relatively 'easy-to-implement' fixes -- ranging from water recycling to replenishment of aquifers.... The California water plan sets the tone of water policy for years to come." Sacramento Bee (October 8, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9319]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

FEDERAL BUDGET

Mid-Term and Long-Term Deficit Projections: Estimates and Projections Underlying the Joint Statement of September 29, 2003. By the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and others. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 29, 2003. 19 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/9-29-03bud.pdf

["We examine federal deficits during the mid-term period -- the next ten years, fiscal years 2004 through 2013.... [and] the long-term picture, looking out several decades to the time when the retirement of the 'baby boom' generation will be complete and the consequent pressures on the budget and on the working-age population will be far greater than they are today."]

[Request #S9320]

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GOVERNMENT FINANCE

A 125-Year Picture of the Federal Government's Share of the Economy, 1950 to 2075. By the Congressional Budget Office. Long Range Fiscal Policy Brief. (The Office, Washington, DC) July 3, 2002.

["This report projects the future of government spending as a share of GDP assuming current policies remain in place, and the projections put forward are stunning: while the share has averaged about 19% since 1950, it is projected to rise drastically in coming decades, more than doubling to 39.7% by 2075. With no change in tax policies, this rise in spending implies exploding budget deficits, reaching 20% of GDP by 2075." FRBSF Economic Letter (September 19, 2003) 1.]

Full Text at: ftp://ftp.cbo.gov/35xx/doc3521/125RevisedJuly3.pdf

[Request #S9321]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

"Rising to the Challenge: The First Digital Counties Survey Breaks Down Electronic Government Successes. By Jim McKay. IN: Government Technology (September 2003) pp. 32-34.

Full Text at: www.govtech.net/magazine/story.php?id=66704

["The survey revealed that on average, 82 percent of counties give citizens the ability to search for county job information online, and 85 percent allow citizens to e-mail elected officials and receive responses in a few days. 67 percent of responding counties provide citizens with immediate, visible information on national and local emergency preparedness."]

[Request #S9322]

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Citizen Advantage: Enhancing Economic Competitiveness Through E-Government. By William D. Eggers. (Deloitte Consulting, San Francisco, California) 2003. 26 p.

Full Text at: governing.com/download/deloitte-egov.pdf

["(This) study ... offers a new approach for evaluating the return on investment of government technology investments. According to the study, public sector organizations should evaluate information technology investments not only by the cost savings they generate for government, but by the financial benefits they create for citizens and businesses." Business Wire (September 23, 2003) online.]

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LEGISLATIVE ETHICS

Ethics Training. By Peggy Kerns and Nicole Casal Moore, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 42. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2003. 2 p.

["Forty-four states include some type of ethics training in their new member orientations. In 16 states, training for new legislators is mandatory.... California is one of the few states that requires every person who registers as a lobbyist to periodically attend an ethics course."]

[Request #S9324]

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POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Citizenship: A Challenge for All Generations. By Karl T. Kurtz, National Conference of State Legislatures and others. Prepared for the Trust for Representative Decmocracy. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) September 2003. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/public/trust/citizenship.pdf

["The older generations have failed to teach the ideals of citizenship to the next generation. But there is hope. The report provides new evidence that civic education makes a big difference in the attitudes toward citizenship, knowledge and civic engagement of young people."]

[Request #S9325]

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VOTERS & VOTING

The 2003 Multilingual Survey of California Voters. By the Pew Hispanic Center, and others. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2003. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/MultilingualSurveyREPORT_FINAL[1].09.24.03.pdf

["The poll of 1,608 minority voters conducted September 6-16 is the most extensive attempt this election season to tap the views of minorities.... The poll was conducted in five languages: English, Spanish, Cantonese, Mandarin and Vietnamese.... The sponsors emphasized that it provided a far more accurate view of minority views." San Francisco Chronicle (September 26, 2003) A18.]

[Request #S9326]

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HEALTH

CANCER

Cancer Screening in California: Racial and Ethnic Disparities Persist: Policy Brief. By Susan H. Babey and others, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research (The Center, Los Angeles, California) September 2003. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/pubs/files/Cancer_Policy_Brief_Final_R.pdf

["This Policy Brief examines cancer screening in California based on data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2001), the largest state-level health survey in the nation. We use the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations to determine the appropriate ages and intervals for cervical, breast and colorectal cancer screening tests. For prostate cancer screening, we use the American Cancer Society guidelines."]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

"Employment Transitions and Continuity of Health Insurance: Implications for Premium Assistance Programs." By M. S. Marquis and K. Kapur. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 22, no. 5 (September/October 2003) pp. 198-209.

["Subsidized group insurance provides more stable insurance coverage for low-income children than public insurance does. But other programs will be needed to reach the majority of uninsured children." RAND News Bulletin (September 2003).]

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MANAGED HEALTH CARE

Quality of Care Report Card: 2003. By the Office of the Patient Advocate. (The Office, Sacramento, California) 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.opa.ca.gov/report_card/pdf_files/opa_report_cards_en.pdf

["California's HMOs did a better job this year than last year in immunizing children and managing chronic diseases, but they fared poorer in preventive care and mental health services, according to a report.... Participation by the plans and doctors in the report was voluntary." San Francisco Chronicle (October 1, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9329]

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MEDICAID

States Respond to Fiscal Pressure: State Medicaid Spending Growth and Cost Containment in Fiscal Years 2003 and 2004: Results from a 50-State Survey. By Vernon Smith and others, Health Management Associates and Victoria Wachino the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured (The Commission, Washington, DC) September 2003. 90 p.

Full Text at: www.kff.org/content/2003/4137/4137.pdf

["States continue to face extremely difficult fiscal situations. Nearly every state has spent the past three years putting in place actions to reduce spending growth in their Medicaid programs, including reducing benefits, eligibility, and provider payments."]

[Request #S9330]

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MEDI-CAL

Adults with Disabilities in Medi-Cal Managed Care: Lessons from Other States. By Nikki Highsmith and Stephen Somers, Center for Health Care Strategies. Prepared for the Medi-Cal Policy Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) September 2003. 48 p.

Full Text at: www.chcf.org/documents/mcpi/access/MediCalDisabilitiesLessons.pdf

["Those who have embraced Medicaid managed care for people with chronic illnesses and disabilities believe it can deliver better access and better quality at a more predictable cost.... To help determine whether such an approach might be appropriate for California, the institute commissioned this study of managed care in four other states: Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, and Pennsylvania."

[Request #S9331]

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OBESITY

"Economic Perspectives on Childhood Obesity." By Patricia M. Anderson and others. IN: Economic Perspectives, vol. 27, no. 3 (Third Quarter, 2003) pp. 30-48.

["We discuss why trends in obesity, and childhood obesity in particular, are of interest from an economic perspective.... We document changes in obesity over time in the United States.... We discuss changes in children's lives that may be causally related to weight gain."]

[Request #S9332]

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PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Prescription Drug Discount Cards: Savings Depend on Pharmacy and Type of Card Used. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-912. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 3, 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-912

["Medicare beneficiaries can receive prices with prescription drug discount cards at retail pharmacies that are generally lower than those available to seniors without cards.... Savings in California with the use of a card tended to be lower because 10 of the 13 California pharmacies GAO surveyed participated in the state's Medicaid program (Medi-Cal) and are required to give Medicare beneficiaries the Medi-Cal price."]

[Request #S9333]

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UNINSURED

The Scramble for Care; Younger, Older Adults at Risk; and, Proposals for Expanding Health Care Coverage. By Julie Ishida. IN: Washington Post, (September 9-16, 2003) Various pagings.

["People who lack health insurance often postpone or forgo preventative care and treatment to avoid bills, and thus they have a higher risk for hospitalization for chronic conditions and discovery of late-stage cancer.... Younger adults may not be able to find stable and affordable insurance, while adults ages 50 to 64 may not be able to purchase insurance because they are more likely to have chronic conditions."]

[Request #S9334]

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HOUSING

HOME OWNERSHIP

Out of Reach 2003: America's Housing Wage Climbs. By Winton Pitcoff and others. Prepared for the National Low Income Housing Coalition (The Coalition, Washington, DC) 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.nlihc.org/oor2003/

["Out of Reach is a side-by-side comparison of wages and rents in every county, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), combined nonmetropolitan area and state in the United States. For each jurisdiction, the report calculates the amount of money a household must earn in order to afford a rental unit of a range of sizes at the area’s Fair Market Rent (FMR)."]

[Request #S9335]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD SUPPORT

Disestablishing the Paternity of Non-Marital Children: Truth and Consequences. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003. 45 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1046817229.69/truth_and_consequences1.pdf

["Some states have statutory and case law to guide the process of paternity disestablishment when paternity has been adjudicated or presumed, while others offer little guidance. This document reviews the recent statutory and case law in this area and offers recommendations for bringing greater fairness and clarity to the process."]

[Request #S9336]

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Who Pays When Paternity is Disestablished? Truth and Consequences. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington DC) 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1049829469.17/truth_and_consequences3.pdf

["Courts and state legislatures are dealing with the effect of disestablishment on past, present, and future child support obligations.... This monograph will address the fiscal consequences to the child, the parents, and the state if paternity is disestablished."]

[Request #S9337]

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HOMELESS

Ending Chronic Homelessness: Strategies for Action Executive Summary. By the Secretary's Work Group on Ending Chronic Homelessness, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Group, Washington, DC) 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/homelessness/strategies03/execsum.htm

["Each year homelessness affects 2-3 million individuals in the United States. For most people, homelessness is a short, one-time event. But a relatively small and visible group experiences homelessness repeatedly or for long periods. This group, persons experienceing chronic homelessness, is most often made up of single, poor adults with prevalent disabilities."]

[Request #S9338]

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POVERTY

Poverty in the United States: 2002. By Bernadette D. Proctor and Joseph Dalaker, U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Reports. P60-222. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2003. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/p60-222.pdf

["The Census Bureau reports that the number of Americans living in poverty has risen for the second year in a row. The number of children in poverty rose by 400,000 -- from 11.7 million in 2001 to 12.1 million in 2002. The child poverty rate did not change, but at 16.7 percent, children face the highest poverty rate of any segment of the population. Although they make up only one-fourth of the total population, more than one-third of people living in poverty are children." Connect for Kids Weekly (September 29, 2003).]

[Request #S9339]

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TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORTS

Tier One Screening Analysis: Draft. By Landrum & Brown. Prepared for San Diego Regional Airport Authority. June 23, 2003. And Airport Authority Board Selects Seven Sites to Advance to Phase 2 of Airport Site Selection Program: Press Release. October 2, 2003. (The Authority, San Diego, California)

["San Diego's airport agency selected five military locations and the Imperial County desert for in-depth analysis as potential sites for a new regional airport, but said an expanded Lindbergh Field should be considered as a solution to the county's future needs.... The analysis will take more than two years.... Under state law, the authority is required to place an airport site measure on the ballot for a countywide vote in either 2004 or 2006."] San Diego Union Tribune (October 3, 2003) A1.]

Executive Summary. 32 p.
http://www.san.org/sdcraa/SiteSelection/Tier_One_pdfs/0b_%20Executive%20Summary.pdf

Press Release. 2 p.
http://www.san.org/documents/pressreleases/NR%2010-2-03.pdf

[Request #S9340]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 10, Bulletin 28-30. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2-17, 2003. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1030.pdf

[Includes: "Ose/Dooley Introduce Specialty Crops Bill;" "Berman Co-introduces Foreign Agriculture Workers Reform Bill;" "California Democrats Call for FERC to order Refunds;" "New Report Examines Homeownership Trends;" "Study Suggests Stronger Latino Workforce in the Future;" "Colorado River QSA Signed;" and others.]

[Request #S9341]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

Statewide Evaluation of the CYSA/TANF Program. By Susan Turner and others, RAND (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 103 p.

["This report is the final documento of RAND's three-year evaluation of the Comprehensive Youth Services Act/Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program within California. These findings will be of interest to policymakers and individuals within probation, other county and state agencies, and community organizaitons, as well as to service providers whose responsibilities include policy design, funding, planning, or service delivery to youths and their families at the local and state levels."]

[Request #S9343]

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ECONOMY

HIGH TECHNOLOGY

High-Tech Start-Ups and Industry Dynamics in Silicon Valley. By Junfu Zhang, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 124 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_703JZR.pdf

["To better understand the region's past successes and future prospects, the author examines business formation, growth, mortality, and migration in the valley during the 1990s, analyzing how the region's economy evolves and operates through these dynamic processes. He concludes by offering a number of specific recommendaions for ensuring the vitality of the region."]

[Request #S9344]

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EDUCATION

SPECIAL EDUCATION

"Teaching All Students [Issue Theme.] IN: Educational Leadership, vol. 61, no. 2 (October 2003) pp. 1-96.

[Includes: "Celebrating Diverse Minds;" "Making Inclusive Education Work;" "Inclusion: A Matter of Social Justice;" "Grading Students with Disabilities;" "Tracking: The Good, the Bad, and the Questions;" "When Should Bilingual Students be in Special Education;" "Respecting Students' Cultural Literacies;" and others. NOTE: Educational Leadership will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S9345]

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HEALTH

MENTAL HEALTH

Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Case for Authoritative Communities. Executive Summary. By the Commission on Children at Risk. (Institute for American Values, New York, New York) September 2003.

["Large and growing numbers of American children and adolescents are suffering from mental health problems... The Commission is calling upon all U.S. citizens to help strengthen what it calls 'authoritative communities'. Authoritative communities are groups of people who are committed to one another over time and who exhibit and are able to pass on what it means to be a good person. These groups provide the types of connectedness our children increasingly lack."

Executive Summary. 4 p.
http://www.americanvalues.org/ExSumm-print.pdf

NOTE: Hardwired ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S9347]

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