Subject: Studies in the News 03-71 (October 27, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "Whaling industry begins to grow in San Diego. It is estimated that a thousand whales a day were passing along the coast, and while the hunting was to continue into the 1870's, their numbers were being swiftly reduced. For many years oily smoke drifted over San Diego from Ballast Point stations but it blew away, along with the hopes for a new prosperity. At first San Diego saw itself as a chief supply port for the Pacific whaling fleet, and for a time there was a considerable traffic in and out of the harbor of whalers whose cruises to the Pacific lasted as long as three years. "    

1853 - "Robert Livermore presented a claim to the U.S. Land Commission for Rancho Las Positas in 1853, which was confirmed in 1855. The U.S. Land Commission attorneys appealed the ownership, but the title was again confirmed in December 1857, and the case dismissed. Livermore was officially the owner of 48,000 acres of land. Robert Livermore was prospering. He had bought a two-story Around-the-Horn house and had it erected near his adobes in early 1851 at a cost of $700.00 for the job; he bought a square grand piano; he was educating his children at private schools. It was also in 1853 that the US Engineers surveyed across the valley and through Altamont Pass for a railroad. "    

Contents This Week

   Deportation of criminal aliens
   Criminal justice funding priorities
   Batterer intervention programs
   Drug policy reforms in the states
   Juvenile delinquency probation caseload
   Detention in delinquency cases
   Shifts in the Hispanic population
   Diesel technology and the California economy
   Homeownership and immigrants
   IT manufacturing shifting overseas
   Environmental guidelines and U.S. exports
   States focus on rural issues
   Court rules for internet telephone
   Boosting student achievement
   School improvement and accountability
   Students and homework
   Education of African-American students
   Partnerships between K-12 and colleges
   Status of UC admissions
   Computers in the schools
   Federal unemployment benefits
   Green buildings save money
   Imperial valley smog not from Mexico
   Population growth and sprawl
   San Francisco Bay ecological scorecard
   Threats to Sierra water
   Federal policies and state fiscal crisis
   Local sales tax
   Civic activities and the American public
   Leadership beyond vision
   Twenty-five years after Proposition 13
   State and local business taxes
   Freedom from tax on the Internet
   Special election report of registration
   Voting practices and technologies
   Comprehensive asthma program
   Impact of treating drug abusing offenders
   Health care financing for retirees
   Eligibility for critical access hospital program
   Health care quality
   Section 8 housing program shortfall
   Analysis of kinship care
   Debt among low-income families
   Unemployed TANF leavers
   Social panorama of Latin America
   Radical groups in Mexico
   Urban traffic congestion
   States' driver's licenses for immigrants
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Survey of the workforce
   Childhood predictors of Native American alcoholism
   Heart disease treatments vary by race
   Housing programs and policies
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



"An AP Investigation: 500,000 Criminal Deportees From America Wreak Havoc in Many Nations." By Randall Richard. IN: Associated Press Worldstream (October 19, 2003) 1.

["Already, more than 500,000 have been rounded up and deported, according to government figures, and this year they are being banished at a rate of one every seven minutes to more than 160 countries around the world. The culture of drugs and guns many carry back to their native lands is wreaking havoc in nations that receive them in substantial numbers."]

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Justice Outcome Evaluations: Design and Implementation of Studies Require More National Institute of Justice Attention. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-1091. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2003. 56 p.

Full Text at:

["Policy makers need valid, reliable, and timely information on the outcomes of criminal justice programs to help them decide how to set criminal justice funding priorities.... GAO recommends that the National Institute of Justice review its ongoing outcome evaluation grants and develop appropriate strategies and corrective measures to ensure that ... evaluations can produce more conclusive results."]

[Request #S9372]

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Do Batterer Intervention Programs Work? Two Studies. By the National Institute for Justice, U.S. Department of Justice. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 2003. 10 p.

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["Two studies in Florida and New York tested the most common type of batterer intervention. Their findings raise serious questions about the effectiveness of these programs.... New approaches based on research into the causes of battering and batterer profiles may be more productive."]

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State Of the States: Drug Policy Reforms: 1996-2002. By Bill Piper and others, Drug Policy Alliance. (The Alliance, New York, New York) September 2003. 55 p.

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["This report details over 150 notable drug policy reforms enacted by voters and legislators in 46 states between 1996 and 2002.... The number and scope of these reforms provide evidence of diminishing public confidence in the reflexively 'get-tough' answers of the drug war, and a growing commitment to approaches rooted in science, fiscal responsibility, public health and civil rights."]

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Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload, 1990-1999. By the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. OJJDP Fact Sheet. 2003-06. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2003. 2 p.

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["Four of Every Ten Delinquency Cases Resulted in Probation in l999: The number of cases placed on probation grew 44% between 1990 and 1999. During that time, the overall delinquency caseload increased 27%.... Property offense cases continued to account for the majority of cases placed on probation. The profile of the formal probation caseload contained greater proportions of person, drug, and public order offense cases."]

[Request #S9375]

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Detention in Delinquency Cases, 1990-1999. By Paul Harms, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. OJJDP Fact Sheet. 200307. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2003. 2 p.

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["Detention caseloads increased 11% between 1990 and 1999: In 1999, 33,400 more delinquency cases were detained than in 1990.... The most dramatic change in the detention population was the influx of female juveniles charged with person offenses. The demand for juvenile detention bed space has increased nationwide."]

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The Rise of the Second Generation: Changing Patterns in Hispanic Population Growth. By Roberto Suro, Pew Hispanic Center; and Jeffrey S. Passel, Urban Institute. Prepared for the Pew Hispanic Center (The Center, Washington, DC.) October 2003. 9 p.

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["A report by the Pew Hispanic Center predicts that by 2020, nearly half the growth in the nation's Latino population will be from the second generation. Within seven years, it is predicted to account for one in nine school-age children. And through 2020, it is forecast to make up one in four new members of the nation's workforce." Washington Post (October 14, 2003) A2]

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Diesel Technology and the California Economy. By M.Cubed: Policy Analysis for the Public and Private Sectors. Prepared for the Diesel Technology Forum. (The Forum, Frederick, Maryland) [2003.] 42 p.

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["This report highlights the crucial role that diesel technology plays in key segments of the California economy. It indicates that the three segments at the core of the California economy -- agriculture, construction and transportation -- all rely heavily on diesel-powered equipment to produce their respective goods and services. These three sectors alone -- which employ more than 3.4 million Californians -- contribute a total of approximately $156.4 billion annually to the state's gross product. Of that, diesel power is directly responsible for $12.4 billion annually, or nearly 10 percent of the state's gross product for these sectors."]

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Moving to America -- Moving to Homeownership: 1994 - 2002. By Robert R. Callis, U.S. Census Bureau, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2003. 8 p.

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["For many people, whether native or foreign born, homeownership is their American dream. This report examines how those who immigrated to America have realized this dream and compares their rates of homeownership with those for natives."]

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Is Our IT Manufacturing Edge Drifting Overseas? By Rob Valletta, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. Number 2003-30. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) October 10, 2003. 4 p.

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["I examine the changing patterns of IT trade to help assess whether the U.S. competitive advantage is indeed eroding. Some U.S. manufacturers of IT products are well-positioned to take advantage of the shift toward low-cost overseas assembly operations in China and other countries."]

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Export Credit Agencies: Movement Toward Common Environmental Guidelines But National Differences Remain. By the U. S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-1093. (The Office, Washington, DC). September 2003. 57 p.

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["There is limited evidence that the Export-Import Bank's environmental guidelines have affected U.S. exports, although the complexity of potential effects and the lack of information make identifying and quantifying impacts difficult. The evidence GAO reviewed indicates that impacts are likely to be concentrated in the energy sector."]

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States Bring Rural Issues into Focus. By Monica Kearns and Ian Pulsipher, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 41. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2003. 2 p.

["At least 37 states enacted more than 100 measures across the country his year to improve rural economic and social conditions.... Nearly a third of the state legislation on rural issues enacted for the first half of 2003 concerns infrastructure -- particularly for water, telecommunications and electric cooperatives."]

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Vonage Holdings Corporation v. Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, et al. U.S. District Court, District of Minnesota. 03-5287. October 16, 2003. 22 p.

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["It may stunt Internet development and violate federal law if state regulators try to treat Internet-based voice calls as they do traditional calls, a judge ruled.... It is unclear what impact the federal ruling in Minneapolis might have on state regulators in California and Wisconsin who have also voted to regulate Internet phone companies or other states that are now considering the matter." Associated Press (October 17, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9420]

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Boosting Student Achievement: New Research on the Power of Developmental Assets: [Issue Theme.] By Peter C. Scales and Eugene C. Roehlkepartain, Search Institute. Insights & Evidence: Promoting Healthy Children, Youth, and Communities. Vol. 1, No. 1. (The Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota) October 2003. 10 p.

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["Using data from several community-level studies, researchers found that middle and high school students who experienced more positive relationships, opportunities, and personal strengths -- known as 'developmental assets' -- were more likely to have high GPAs, regardless of their family income level, family composition, or race-ethnicity. This relationship holds true in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies." ECE-List (October 7, 2003).]

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Knowing the Right Thing to Do: School Improvement and Performance-Based Accountability. By Richard F. Elmore, Harvard Graduate School of Education. Prepared for the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices. (The Center, Washington, DC) August 2003. 20 p.

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["In this paper, Richard F. Elmore looks in detail at two schools classified as low-performing in their states and draws lessons from the experiences of these schools for state policies regarding school improvement and accountability.... State accountability systems need to aggressively build teacher, leader and organizational capacity in the state's low-performing schools."]

[Request #S9387]

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Do Students Have Too Much Homework: The Brown Center Report on American Education. By The Brown Center on Education Policy, The Brookings Institution (The Institution, Washington, DC) October 2003. 12 p.

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["The most reliable data support the following conclusions: 1) the typical student, even in high school, does not spend more than an hour per day on homework; 2) the homework load has not changed much since the 1980s; 3) the students whose homework has increased in the past decade are those who previously had no homework and now have a small amount; 4) most parents feel the homework load is about right and, of those who would like to change it, more parents would rather see homework increased than decreased."]

[Request #S9388]

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Status and Trends in the Education of Blacks. By Kathryn Hoffman, Education Statistics Services Institute/American Institutes For Research, and others. (National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC) September 2003. 195 p.

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["This report shows that more Black students have completed high school and gone on to college, levels of parental education and education of Black children have increased, and the number of Black individuals and families below the poverty level has decreased. Despite these gains, progress has been uneven over time and across various measures and differences persist between Black and Whites on key indicators of education performance."]

[Request #S9389]

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Partnerships For Student Success: Policy Connections Between Schools and Colleges. By Patrick Callan and others, National Center For Public Policy and Higher Education. (The Center, San Jose, California) September 3, 2003. Various Pagings.

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["The project seeks to identify and examine the aspects of inter-level governance and related state policies that contribute to, or detract from, effective and coherent connections between schools and colleges. The project springs from the premise that there is an increasingly pressing need to close the gap between K-12 and postsecondary education systems."]

[Request #S9390]

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Comprehensive Review in Freshman Admissions: Fall 2003. By The Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools, University of California. (The University, Oakland, California) September 2003.

["High-achieving African American, Latino and American Indian students who were accepted into the University of California system are increasingly choosing to attend elite private institutions, such as Stanford, Harvard and Yale, according to a report presented to the UC regents.... 'Other schools are able to recruit and admit and give financial aid in ways we can't. They can still use affirmative action,' said Barbara Sawrey, chair of the UC Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools." San Francisco Chronicle (September 20, 2003) A12.]

Report. 65 p.

Appendix C, "No Show" Study. 18 p.

[Request #S9391]

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The Sustainability Challenge: Taking Edtech To The Next Level. By the Benton Foundation and the Education Development Center, Inc. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2003. 74 p.

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["In the last ten years, the United States has invested over $40 billion placing computers in schools and connecting classrooms to the Internet; the report cautions that this massive investment in educational technology, or edtech, may be at risk."]

[Request #S9392]

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The Mismatch Between Federal Unemployment Benefits and Current Labor Market Realities: Joblessness Outlasting Assistance for Three-fourths of Program Recipients. By Isaac Shapiro, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 15, 2003. 8 p.

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["The Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation (TEUC) program is currently scheduled to begin to phase out at the end of this year. The wide range of labor market indicators cited [in this report] not only suggest that TEUC program should be extended, but also that it needs to be strengthened so that it provides a more adequate response to today's severe labor market problems."]

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The Costs and Financial Benefits of Green Buildings: A Report to California's Sustainable Building Task Force. By Greg Kats, Capital E, and others. (U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, DC) October 2003.

["Investments in green buildings pay for themselves 10 times over, according to a new study for 40 California agencies. The study is the most definitive cost-benefit analysis of green building ever conducted. With this study, the California Department of Finance, for the first time, has signed off on the existence of financial benefits associated with improved health productivity and lowered operations and maintenance costs in green buildings." USGBC press release (October 17, 2003) 1.]

Press release. 2 p.

Report. 120 p.

[Request #S9421]

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Sierra Club, et al. v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 01-71902. October 9, 2003. 14 p.

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["A federal appeals court ruled that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency had erred in blaming Mexico for unhealthful air quality in the Imperial Valley and that the agency must impose more stringent control measures on the U.S. side of the border.... Environmentalists sued the EPA to force more stringent controls on farms, mines, factories and developers in the valley. The Sierra Club argued that the EPA should have declared the entire valley in serious noncompliance for haze-forming pollutants, called PM10, nearly a decade ago." Los Angeles Times (October 10, 2003) B6.]

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Outsmarting Smart Growth: Population Growth, Immigration, and the Problem of Sprawl. By Roy Beck and others, Center for Immigration Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) August 26, 2003. 124 p.

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["Our calculations show that about half the loss of rural land in recent decades is attributable to increases in the U.S. population growth.... This study takes a 'conservationist' approach, examining only the loss of rural land to new development and not the quality of urban planning. We focus on state increases in developed land between 1982 and 1997. We also analyze the expansion of urbanized land in the nation's 100 largest cities between 1970 and 1990."]

[Request #S9378]

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Ecological Scorecard: San Francisco Bay Index: 2003. By the Bay Institute of San Francisco. (The Institute, Novato, California) October 2003.

["Scientists found that native fish and wildlife populations have drastically declined, while non-native species have invaded the bay. Fish caught in the bay are unsafe to eat and pollution has risen. But the findings were not all bleak. 'Fish and wildlife populations that were crashing now appear to be stable. Many people are working to protect and restore habitat, improve water quality and use resources more efficiently. But progress is slow and needs to be accelerated,' said Grant Davis, Bay Institute executive director." San Francisco Chronicle (October 13, 2003) A1.]

Scorecard. 1 p.

Full report. 84 p.

[Request #S9397]

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Troubled Water of the Sierra. By Kerri L. Timmer, Sierra Nevada Alliance. (The Alliance, South Lake Tahoe, California) October 2003. 67 p.

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["Alleging government neglect, conservationists call for decades of funding to revive high-elevation river habitat in the Sierra Nevada where two-thirds of California's water originates....The report also says global warming and population growth pose further threats to the Sierra and millions of future Californians.... Pollution and such activities as livestock grazing have impaired high-country lakes and meadows." Fresno Bee (October 16, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9398]

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Federal Policies Contribute To the Severity Of the State Fiscal Crisis. By Iris J. Lav, The Center On Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) October 17, 2003. 13 p.

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["The major cause of state deficits is flagging state revenues.... But federal policies also have played a significant role, by directly reducing state revenues and imposing additional costs on states. A conservative estimate suggest that federal policies are costing states and localities about $185 billion over the four-year course of the state fiscal crisis, from state fiscal year 2002 through fiscal year 2005."]

[Request #S9399]

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Changing Tax Structures: an Analysis of the Adoption of a Local Sales Tax. By David L. Sjoquist and Sally Wallace, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 30, no. 3 (October 20, 2003) pp 211 -221.

["Local governments have turned to sales taxes because of increased expenditure demands and demands for property tax reductions.... Over the past several decades, reductions in federal funds, increases in federal and state mandates, and changes in the demand for public services have put increasing pressure on local governments to adjust old revenue sources and develop new, alternative forms of revenue."]

[Request #S9422]

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The Civic and Political Health of the Nation: A Generational Portrait. By Scott Keeter, Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, George Mason University, and others. Prepared for the Center for Information and Research and Civic Learning and Engagement, Maryland School of Public Affairs. (The Center, College Park, Maryland) September 19, 2003. 49 p.

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["This study describes the civic and political behavior of the American public, with a special focus on youth ages 15 to 25.... [The authors] look at a panorama of 19 core activities — ranging from voting to volunteering to signing petitions — and at many other political attitudes and behaviors. The report describes these activities, who is doing them, and how they vary by age group."]

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"Leadership Beyond Vision: Interview with Noel M. Tichy." By Blake Harris. IN: Visions (August 2003) pp. 41-46.

["The job of every leader is to get everyone to contribute to the collective knowledge of the organization.... The other thing a leader has to have is edge -- making the yes/no decisions, not setting up another committee or task force.... The ticket to admission to develop other leaders is to articulate your own teachable point of view, first as an individual, then as a team."]

[Request #S9400]

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Proposition 13 -- 25 Years Later. By Carol Douglas. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 30, no. 3 (October 20, 2003) pp. 222 -226.

["Proposition 13 has a profound effect on property taxes in California and in many other states. How can we evaluate the effects of Prop 13, 25 years after its approval? Has the law been a benefit to California, a curse, or a mixed blessing? Should it be strengthened, diluted, or abolished? For this article, I asked a number of political commentators and activists for their views on Proposition 13."]

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Total State and Local Business Taxes: Fiscal 2003 Update. By Robert Cline, Ernst and Young, and others. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 30, no. 3 (October 20, 2003) pp. 205 -210.

["State legislatures continue to struggle to close budget deficits for fiscal 2004 that were estimated earlier this year to be as high as $85 billion. A key question being raised in the budget debates is: 'Are businesses paying their fair share of taxes?' The first step in answering this question is to determine how much businesses are currently paying in state and local taxes.... This study updates the state and local tax estimates through fiscal 2003. "]

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Making the Internet Tax Freedom Act Permanent In the Form Currently Proposed Would Lead To a Substantial Revenue Loss For States and Localities. By Michael Mazerov, The Center On Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) October 20, 2003. 34 p.

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["If enacted into law, the 'Internet Tax Non-Discrimination Act of 2003' would expand and make permanent a federally-imposed 'moratorium' on state and local taxation of sales on 'Internet access' services.... The Multistate Tax Commission estimates that the Act ultimately could reduce state and local revenues by $2 billion to $9 billion annually."]

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Report of Registration: Statewide Special Election. By the Office of the California Secretary of State. (The office, Sacramento, California) September 22, 2003. 174 p.

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["Population estimate data from the Population Research Unit of the Department of Finance were used to estimate each county's total population. Subtracted from this total was the estimated number of persons ineligible for registration because of age, felony convictions, and citizenship status. The figures given are unofficial but represent a reasonable estimate of the eligible population."]

[Request #S9425]

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Voting in Massachusetts. By Charles Stewart and Julie Brogan, Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project (Caltech, Pasadena, California) 2003. 50 p.

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["This study of Massachusetts is divided into three major parts. First we examine voter registration in Massachusetts ... Second, we turn our attention to voting technologies.... Finally, we examine polling place practices, making proposals to improve the staffing of precincts and to facilitate greater convenience for voters."]

[Request #S9402]

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Asthma. By Doug Farquhar, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 38. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2003. 2 p.

["Asthma affects more than 5 percent of the American population.... Asthma cases have increased 74 percent since 1980.... Thirty-four states have statutes relating to asthma, and California has the most comprehensive program.... Permitting school children to carry asthma medications has been a recent concern because it violates many states' drug-free school laws."]

[Request #S9403]

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"Treating Drug-Abusing Offenders: Initial Findings from a Five-County Study of the Impact of California's Proposition 36 on the Treatment System and Patient Outcomes." By Yih-Ing Hser and others, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, Los Angeles. IN: Evaluation Review, vol. 27, no. 5. (October 2003) pp. 479-505.

["Admissions to Treatment Programs Jump Since Approval of 2000 Ballot Measure: UCLA Study Tracks Drug Offenders Who Received Help, Rather than Jail Time: The goal of the five-year study is to identify how best to treat offenders who would have been sent to prison or jail had voters not approved Proposition 36." Los Angeles Times (October 14, 2003) 1.]

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How States Are Responding to the Challenge of Financing Health Care for Retirees. By Hack Hoadley, Health Policy Institute, Georgetown University. Prepared for the Kaiser Family Foundation (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) October 2003. 35 p.

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["This study, conducted by researchers at Georgetown University, was designed to capture information on retiree health programs offered by state governments, including benefits, premiums, recent program changes, and modifications expected in the future."]

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Health Care Industry Market Report. By Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (The Centers, Baltimore, Maryland) September 22, 2003. 25 p.

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["After a rapid growth beginning in 1990, the home health industry was stymied by payment cuts in the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, but is returning to a more stable financial position, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services said in a market update report." Health Care Policy Report (September 29, 2003) 1240.]

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The State of Health Care Quality: Industry Trends and Analysis. By the National Committee for Quality Assurance (The Committee, Washington, DC) 2003. 61 p.

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["About 57,000 Americans die needlessly each year due to quality gaps plaguing the U.S. health care system -- Foremost among them the health care system's failure to translate medical research findings into practice, according to a report released by the National Committee for Quality Assurance." Health Care Policy Report (September 29, 2003) 1238.]

[Request #S9407]

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Projected Shortfall in Section 8. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 03-42. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 23, 2003. 3 p.

["A reestimate of the average per voucher cost of the Section 8 program suggests that the current appropriation level for the program is $0.9-$1.0 billion less than needed to maintain current program levels.... Underfunding could cause substantial disruption as local public housing agencies attempt to manage the shortfall."]

[Request #S9409]

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The Kinship Report: Assessing the Needs of Relative Caregivers and the Children in Their Care. By Ernestine F. Jones and others, Casey Family Programs (The Programs, Washington, DC) 2003.

["Through literature reviews and interviews, the report presents a fuller, more accurate picture of the difficulties faced by kinship care families, and provides for a better appreciation of the strengths they bring to their situation; identifies the support systems that are sustaining these families, as well as those supports that still need to be created; makes valuable information available to kinship families and those working to help them, so services and lives can be enhanced." Children's Bureau Express (October 13, 2003)1.]

Full Report. 118 p.:

Executive Summary. 59 p.:

[Request #S9410]

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Debt and Assets Among Low-Income Families. By Robert Wagmiller, State University of New York. Prepared for the National Center for Children in Poverty. (The Center, New York, New York) October 2003. 5 p.

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["Low-income families today are burdened with rising levels of family debt but have few assets to leverage if they are confronted by a financial crisis, such as a job layoff or long illness. This new report finds that among low-income families the average debt doubled between 1984 and 2001, while most have only a few hundred dollars in liquid assets."]

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"What's Happening to TANF Leavers Who Are Not Employed?" By Robert G. Wood and Anu Rangarajan. Issue Brief, No. 6 (Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey) October 2003. 4 p.

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["This issue brief focuses on those who have left the welfare rolls and are not working. Those who lack alternative supports get by on very little income and are at high risk of extreme economic hardship. Although relatively few people spend extended periods in this status, a substantial number spend at least some time in it. Policymakers may want to consider strategies to help recipients through these difficult periods and perhaps avoid ending up in them in the first place." News From Mathematica (October 20, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9412]

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Social Panorama of Latin America, 2002-2203. By the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. (The Commission, Washington, DC) August 2003. 33 p.

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["Latin America's Progress on Poverty Stagnates: The report provides information for 18 Latin American countries on public social expenditure and focuses on the impact of slowing economic growth. Almost 55 million people of Latin America and the Caribbean were suffering from some degree of malnutrition.... The study found that in Latin America more women than men live in poverty." M2 Presswire (August 26, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9413]

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Radical Groups in Mexico Today. By Gustavo Hirales Moran, Center for Strategic and International Studies. Policy Papers on the Americas. Vol. 14, Study 9. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2003. 19 p.

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["There are three of any consequence: the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), People's Revolutionary Army (ERKPI), and Popular Revolutionary Army (ERP). Uprisings in support of indigenous rights are local affairs with little national impact. But they represent a potential for problems in case of an economic downturn or long-term stalemate between Mexico's president and Congress." Heritage Foundation Reports (October 6, 2003) 1.]

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The 2003 Annual Urban Mobility Report. By David Schrank and Tim Lomax, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University. (The Institute, College Station, Texas) September 2003. 93 p.

["Sacramento's regional roadways are congested a distressing 78 percent of the time during peak morning and afternoon hours -- the ninth worst performance in the country -- according to a national report.... Los Angeles was worst, with 88 percent peak hour congestion. San Francisco and Oakland tied with Atlanta and Washington, D.C., at 83 percent congested. San Diego was sixth at 80 percent; San Bernardino rated 13th; San Jose tied for 14th with Detroit and Phoenix." Sacramento Bee (October 1, 2003) B1.]

Report. 81 p.

Congestion Data for Your City: Western U.S. Cities. Various pagings.

[Request #S9415]

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Overview of States' Driver's License Requirements. By the National Immigration Law Center. Immigrants and Public Benefits. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 29, 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "States that require an SSN for a driver's license with no exceptions (3);" "States that don't require an SSN for a driver's license (4);" "States that require an SSN for a driver's license only of people who have been assigned one or are eligible for one (40)."]

[Request #S9416]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol. 10, Bulletins 29-31. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 10-23, 2003. 18 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "Census Releases Report on Language Use and English Ability;" "New Report Examines Migration Patterns of Metropolitan Areas;" "Report: Living Costs Continue to Rise in California;" "House Judiciary Panel Considers Restructuring of the 9th Circuit;" "Klamath Basin Solutions Suggested in New Federal Report;" and others.]

[Request #S9417]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



The National Study of the Changing Workforce: 2002. By James T. Bond, Families and Work Institute, and others. (The Institute, New York, New York) September 2003.

["In two-parent families where both the mother and father have jobs outside the home, parents are spending more time at work, more time with their children and less time on themselves than they did in 1977, according to a new study.... In addition to examining dual-career couples, the study looked at women in the workforce, the role of technology in workers' lives, work-life support on the job and self-employment. It found significant changes in several areas." San Jose Mercury News (October 4, 2003) B1.]

Executive Summary. 6 p.

[Request #S9318]

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"Childhood Abuse Related to Alcoholism in Native Americans." By Mary P. Koss and Nicole Yuan and others, University of Arizona. IN: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (September 2003)

["New research on seven Native American tribes suggests that tribe members who were abused or sent away to school as children are more likely to have problems with alcohol later in life.... Alcohol abuse extracts a terrible toll among several Native American communities, making it important to understand factors that might influence alcohol abuse among the population." Health Behavior News Service (September 17, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9427]

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"Differences in Medical Care and Disease Outcomes Among Black and White Women With Heart Disease." By Ashish K. Jha and others. And "Explaining Racial Disparities in Coronary Outcomes in Women." By William Weintraub and Viola Vaccarino. IN: Circulation, vol. 108, no. 9 (September 2, 2003) pp. 1041-1043; 1089 - 1094.

["Black women are more likely to die from coronary heart disease than white women, and they are less likely to receive some standard treatments.... Despite their higher risk for coronary heart disease, black women are less likely to receive aggressive treatment of blood pressure and LDL cholesterol and lower use of aspirin and statins." OB GYN News (October 1, 2003) 28.]

[Request #S9426]

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A Primer on U.S. Housing Markets and Housing Policy. By Richard K. Green and Stephen Malpezzi. (The Urban Institute, Washington, DC) August 2003. 226 p.

["The authors provide a broad review of the market for housing services in the U.S., including a conceptual framework, an overview of housing demand and supply, methods for measuring prices and quantities, and sources of basic data on markets. They cover housing programs and policies, and offer answers to policy questions of current interest." NOTE: A Primer on U.S. Housing Markets ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S9428]

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