Subject: Studies in the News 03-76 (November 17, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "In 1853, John W. Hillman joined a party of California miners in southern Oregon looking for the 'Lost Cabin Mine'. With provisions running low, Hillman and a few of his traveling companions went hunting for game. Riding ahead on his mule, Hillman suddenly arrived at the rim of a huge crater and looking down from the dizzying height, he beheld a vast body of water so magnificently blue in color that he and the group named their discovery 'Deep Blue Lake'. Located east of Jacksonville, the lake was almost forgotten until 1865 when a party of soldiers from Fort Klamath rediscovered it and called it 'Lake Majesty', which was later changed in 1869 to its present name of Crater Lake."  

1853 - "Since John C. Fremont's first sighting of the lake ... the big blue of this inland sea has been blessed popularly -- if not officially -- with different names.... The designation 'Bonpland' was favored in publications appearing on the Continent. However, ... Captain Fremont's party, notes it simply as 'Mountain Lake'.... In 1853, California's Surveyor General, W.M. Eddy, had initiated the use of what would later become the 'legal' name of the lake -- 'Bigler' (for John Bigler, the former democratic governor of California).... Then fledgling correspondent Mark Twain, connected with Virginia City's "Territorial Enterprise" ... commented that 'Ta-hoe', in the dialect of the Digger and 'Pi-ute' (sic) tribes meant 'grasshopper soup', which, he contended, was among their delicacies. In light of public sentiment and popular usage, it is amazing that the name 'Bigler' continued as a legal geographical designation until July 18, 1945 when a bill was adopted in the California State Legislature officially changing the name to 'Lake Tahoe'. "  

Contents This Week

   Families and costs of incarceration
   Identity security
   Center to assist victims of identity theft
   Prisons and mentally ill offenders
   Weapon use and violent crime
   American dream for the Latino community
   Attracting biotech industries
   Manufacturing sector rebounds
   Management plan for weapons stockpiles
   Military installations and communities
   Public misperceptions tied to news sources
   Bay Area economy
   Determinants of student achievement
   Funding before and after school programs
   Challenges facing public schools
   Funding restrictions at public universities
   Race no factor in low-scoring UC applicants
   Traditional and managed public schools
   Elements of statewide data-collection systems
   Gasoline prices
   Safety of cloned products
   Climate change in California
   New dialogue for environmental policy
   National wildlife refuges
   Competitive grants for federal funds
   Court allows leaflets at malls
   Long term policy analysis
   Regulatory reform update
   California's fiscal outlook 2003-2009
   Budget balancing adjustments in the states
   Characteristics of voting machines
   Health of older Callifornians
   Access and quality of care among Hispanic populations
   Medicare prescription drug benefits for retirees
   Drug benefit for Medicare and Medi-Cal eligibles
   Increasing federal child care funding
   TANF dollars and child care
   Financing child support
   Children of color and foster care
   Child well-being and work supports
   Federal bonuses for welfare programs
   World Trade Organization and China's compliance
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Model for training police officers
   Value in early childhood education
   Summary of land use law
   Land use initiatives
   Smart growth overturns freedoms
   Child abuse predeterminate for later alcoholism
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Families Left Behind: The Hidden Costs of Incarceration and Reentry. By Jeremy Travis and others. (Urban Institute, Washington, DC) October 2003. 12 p.

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["The unprecedented levels of incarceration and prisoner reentry in America are having widespread and poorly understood consequences for the families and children of prisoners.... More research is needed to document the hidden costs of our criminal justice policies. At the same time, policymakers, practitioners, service providers, and community organizations need to focus on the ripple effects of these policies and the opportunities for more systematic and coordinated efforts to reduce the harms so broadly experienced."]

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Identity Security. By Blake Harrison and Pam Greenberg, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 43. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November/December 2003. 2 p.

["One in four U.S. households has been a victim of identity theft, costing individuals $5 billion... Financial institutions lost nearly $48 billion last year, which pushes credit card interest rates higher for all customers.... Secure, reliable identification systems require a strong technology and legal infrastructure to ensure collection, authentication, verification and appropriate use of data."]

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New Center To Assist Victims of Identity Theft and Reduce Fraud: Press Release. By the Financial Services Roundtable (The Roundtable, Washington, DC) October 2003. 3 p.

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["Victims of identity theft who do business with the nation's 100 biggest financial institutions will have a one-stop center to help alert their creditors to the crime, under a program Wells Fargo & Co. announced." San Francisco Chronicle (October 29, 2003) Online.]

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Ill-Equipped: U.S. Prisons and Offenders with Mental Illness. By Human Rights Watch. (The Watch, New York, New York) 2003. 215 p.

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["Treating Mental Illness in Prison: This study shows that prisons have actually become mental institutions by default.... Mentally ill inmates are prime candidates not just for recidivism, but for destructive behavior and suicide when prisons fail to handle them properly." New York Times (November 2, 2003) 10.]

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Weapon Use and Violent Crime, 1993-2001. By Craig Perkins, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report NCJ 194820. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2003. 12 p.

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[“This report discusses the nature and prevalence of violent crime by armed offenders, and the consequences to the victims, age 12 or older, from 1993 through 2001. From 1993 through 2001 violent crime declined 54%; weapon violence went down 59%; and firearm violence, 63%.... From 1993 through 2001 the number of murders declined 36% while the number of murders by firearms dropped 41%."

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Latino Scorecard 2003: Grading the American Dream. By the United Way of Greater Los Angeles (The United Way, Los Angeles, Californina) October 2003. 93 p.

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["Skyrocketing home prices and a meager rise in wages bar most Latino families from owning homes in Los Angeles County, according to a study... While population growth outpaces home construction, the household income of most Latinos lags behind home prices that leap more than 10 percent each year -- leaving the average family little hope in achieving the American dream, researchers said." The Daily News of Los Angeles (October 31, 2003) N1]

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"Big Bang Biotech?" and "Come Hither, Biotech." By Ronald A. Wirtz. IN: Fedgazette, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. September 2003.

["Specialization may be the key to successful economic development strategies based on the life sciences.... One possible strategy is to eschew efforts to catchup to already hot biotech sectors, like biopharma. Rather economies that benefit from the bio-revolution likely will be those that identify new biotech opportunities and applications coming up the road that also mesh with local strengths."]

Big Bang Biotech? Various pagings.

Come Hither, Biotech. Various pagings.

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Sharp Rebound in California's Manufacturing Sector: Press Release and Detailed Results of the Survey of Purchasing Managers of California for the Third Quarter of 2003. By Raymond Sfeir, A. Gary Andrson Center for Economic Research, Chapman University (The University, Los Angeles, California) October 14, 2003. 7 p.

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["California's manufacturing sector rebounded strongly in the third quarter, led by an unexpectedly robust showing in the high-tech arena, according to a survey of purchasing managers." Los Angeles Times (October 15, 2003) Online.]

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Chemical Weapons: Better Management Tools Needed to Guide DOD's Stockpile Destruction Program. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-221T. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 30, 2003. 18 p.

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["Nearly all sites have experienced delays, stemming from problems such as plant safety issues, environmental requirements, approving emergency preparedness plans and funding shortfalls. The program needs a risk management plan to mitigate problems affecting program schedules, costs, and safety."]

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The Defense Community in Texas: A Master Plan for the Future. By the Texas Military Preparedness Commission. (The Commission, Houston, Texas) 2003. 105 p.

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[Direct Defense spending in Texas is $15 billion, with economic contribution estimated at $43 billion. Nationally, forthcoming base closures will be greater than the last four rounds of closures combined. Many states are scrambling to protect their old existing bases. Texas' plan acknowledges existing bases but also looks forward to national defense needs in the 21st century.]

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Misperceptions, The Media and The Iraq War. By Steven Krull, Program on International Policy Attitudes (The Program, Washington, DC) October 2, 2003. 23 p.

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["A new study based on a series of seven nationwide polls conducted from January through September of this year reveals that before and after the Iraq war, a majority of Americans have had significant misperceptions and these are highly related to support for the war with Iraq. [The polling] also reveals that the frequency of these misperceptions varies significantly according to individuals' primary source of news. Those who primarily watch Fox News are significantly more likely to have misperceptions, while those who primarily listen to NPR or watch PBS are significantly less likely." PIPA Press Release.]

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The Bay Area Economy: Down But Not Out. By Mary Daly and Mark Doms, Federal Reserve Bank, San Francisco (The Bank, San Francisco, California) November 7, 2003. 4 p.

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["The Bay Area's technology-led economic crash compares in severity with the debacle Los Angeles experienced in the late 1980s and early 1990s when the aerospace industry collapsed. But the San Francisco and San Jose regions are better positioned for recovery than Los Angeles ... a Federal Reserve report concludes." San Francisco Chronicle (November 3, 2003) Online.]

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Determinants of Student Achievement: New Evidence from San Diego. By Julian R. Betts and others, Public Policy Institute of California (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 174 p.

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["This report examines in unprecedented detail the determinants of individual student gains in achievement in the San Diego Unified School District between fall 1997 and spring 2000. This research also provides an important baseline against which to compare student achievement after the blueprint’s implementation in fall 2000."]

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Funding Before- and After-School Programs. By Robyn Martin, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 44. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November/December 2003. 2 p.

["The 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program addressed the need for high quality, affordable after-school programs.... Eleven states fund before- and after-school programs as a core part of the school day.... Thirteen states have mandatory after-school programs.... Research indicates that before- and after-school programs are positive for children, improving their education and development, and supporting working families."]

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High Expectations, Modest Means: The Challenge Facing California's Public Schools. By Heather Rose and others, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 162 p.

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["The report has a double edged bottom line. It concludes that California spends less on its schools than other states, but also concedes that there is no reliable evidence to suggest that spending more would improve student achievement.... As this study shows, it doesn't make sense to throw more money at education without first seeing precisely how that money is going to help kids learn what they need to know to compete in a 21st century world economy." Sacramento Bee (October 30, 2003) B7.]

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Funding Restrictions at Public Universities: Effects and Policy Implications. By Thomas J. Kane, University of California, Los Angeles, and Peter R. Orszag, Brookings Institution (The Institution, Washington, DC) September 2003. 46 p.

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["The purpose of this paper is to document the troubling signs that ... the decline in spending per student at public universities may be exerting an adverse effect on the quality of faculty, students, and education delivered at public institutions.... The consequences may be considerable.... We discuss alternative ways of financing public higher education to attenuate such adverse consequences."]

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Overall, Race No Factor for Low-Scoring UC Applicants. By Rebecca Trounson and others. IN: Los Angeles Times (November 3, 2003) A1+.

["Latinos with low SAT scores are admitted to the University of California at rates only slightly higher than whites and Asians, while blacks who score poorly are significantly less likely to get in, according to a Times analysis.... The analysis of freshman applicants to UC over the last two years offers a complex portrait of admissions at the public university, the state's most prestigious system of higher education."]

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Public Schools: Comparison of Achievement Results for Students Attending Privately Managed and Traditional Schools in Six Cities (Cleveland, Denver, Detroit, Phoenix, St. Paul, San Francisco). By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-62. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 29, 2003. 62 p.

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["Public Schools Run by For-Profit Companies Do No Better or Worse Than Traditional Public Schools: The study suggests that such schools may not always live up to the promises of advocates... GAO analyzed scores on state reading and math tests for students in traditional public schools and schools run by education management organizations (EMOs)." USA Today (November 3, 2003) 8D.]

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Essential Elements of Statewide Data-Collection Systems. By Chrys Dougherty, National Center for Educational Accountabiility. (The Center, Austin, Texas) 2003. 8 p.

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["This report provides an overview of and introduction to the elements of a statewide data-collection system. It finds that that essential elements of any statewide data-collection system should include the ability to track individual students as they progress through the K-12 system and to continue tracking them through college." Education Commission of the States (November 5, 2003).]

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Gasoline Prices. By Christie Rewey, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 48. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November/December 2003. 2 p.

["Gasoline prices are virtually unregulated by governments.... California and Michigan monitor petroleum product supply and prices.... Seven states prohibit raising prices during an emergency or supply shortage.... The primary state-level tools are to prohibit below-cost pricing, price gouging, or zone pricing."]

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Animal Cloning: A Risk Assessment: Draft Executive Summary. By the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (The Administration, Washington, DC) October 31, 2003.

["The milk and meat of animal clones appear to be safe to eat, although research on the subject is scant, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says in a draft report.... Officials said they hope to outline their views on how cloning would be regulated, if at all, by next spring, as well as whether food from cloned animals should be labeled." Sacramento Bee (October 31, 2003) A1.]

Press release. 1 p.

Summary. 10 p.

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Preparing For a Changing Climate: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for California: The California Regional Assessment. By Robert Wilkinson, California Regional Assessment Group, University of California, Santa Barbara. Prepared for the U.S. Global Research Program. (The Group, Santa Barbara, California) June 2002. 432 p.

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["A shorter ski season in the Sierra. A poorer habitat for endangered salmon in lower streams. More wildfires and more floods. Extreme heat waves, easier spread of diseases and increased air pollution. Those could be global warming's effects on California in about 20 years, experts say, warning that the state is more vulnerable because of its coastline, its climate and its dependence on Sierra Nevada snowpack for water and hydroelectricity.... Every scientific model predicts warmer temperatures. But the computer models split on whether California will become wetter or drier." Contra Costa Times (November 12, 2003) 1.]

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Governor's Environmental Goals and Policy Report (EGPR). By the Office of Planning and Research. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 2003. 185 p.

["Based on this analysis of existing conditions and influences, the EGPR proposes several cross-cutting and integrated goals and policies for the State of California which will allow it to achieve the overarching goal of sustainable.... Sustainable development, in the context of this EGPR, relies on the full consideration of societal, economic and environmental issues in policy and decision making.... The goals, policies, and implementation measures contained in this report should not be viewed as a final statement or solution, but rather as the beginning of a new dialogue."]

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National Wildlife Refuges: Improvement Needed in the Management and Oversight of Oil and Gas Activities on Federal Lands. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-192T. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 30, 2003. 15 p.

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["The GAO report paints a picture of a federal agency with its hands full, stating that 105 refuges contain 4,406 oil and gas wells -- 2,600 of them inactive. The 1,806 wells still in use produced oil and gas valued at about $880 million during the past 12-month period, representing about 1 percent of domestic production.... The damage varies widely in severity, duration and visibility." Environment and Energy Daily (October 31, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9542]

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Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitve Grant 03-17. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 30, 2003. 5 p.

[Includes: "National Brownfields Assessment, Revolving Loan Fund and Cleanup Grants;" "Nursing Workforce Diversity Grants;" "Geriatric Training for Physicians, Dentists, and Behavioral and Mental Health Professionals;" and others.]

[Request #S9543]

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Glendale Associates, Ltd, et al. v. National Labor Relations Board. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 01-71566. October 30, 2003. 21 p.

Full Text at:$file/0171566.pdf?openelement

["Shopping center owners in California can't prohibit unions from handing out leaflets that criticize an owner of a store in the center, a federal appeals court ruled. The California Constitution 'does not permit censorship of contrary ideas.'... The court noted that the state Constitution has been interpreted since 1980 to allow free speech at shopping malls, in contrast to federal rulings in other states allowing mall owners to exclude leafleters and signature gatherers." San Francisco Chronicle (October 31, 2003) 1.]

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Shaping the Next One Hundred Years: New Methods for Quantitative, Long Term Policy Analysis. By Robert J. Lempert and others. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. Various Pagings.

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["New analytic methods, enabled by modern computers, transform our ability to reason about the future. The authors here demonstrate a quantitative approach to long-term policy analysis (LTPA). Robust methods enable decisionmakers to examine a vast range of futures and design adaptive strategies to be robust across them. Using sustainable development as an example, the authors discuss how these methods apply to LTPA and a wide range of decisionmaking under conditions of deep uncertainty."]

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Informing Regulatory Decisions: 2003 Report to Congress on the Costs and Benefits of Federal Regulations and Unfunded Mandates on State, Local, and Tribal Entities. By the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget. (The Office, Washington DC) 2003. 234 p.

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["Administration Releases Regulatory Reform Update: The report updated the office's review of 316 regulatory actions among federal agencies submitted in last year's report. It also conducted a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of 102 regulations for a 10-year period." NCSL Capitol to Capitol (October 17, 2003) 2.]

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California's Fiscal Outlook: LAO Projections, 2003-04 Through 2008-09. By Elizabeth G. Hill, Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 2003. 49 p.

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["According to our projections, the state is facing a year-end shortfall of $10.2 billion in 2004-05 assuming the vehicle license fee (VLF) rate increase remains in effect, and substantially more if the rate is rolled back and the state resumes backfill payments to localities. Over the longer term, absent corrective actions, the state faces annual current-law operating deficits that remain over $9 billion through the end of the forecast period—and $14 billion if the VLF rate is rolled back."]

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A Brief Overview of State Fiscal Conditions and The Effects of Federal Policies on State Budgets. By Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) October 23, 2003. 5 p.

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["A new report suggests most state legislatures will be forced into yet another round of budget cuts or tax increases next year that could approach $40 billion nationally. That's on top of $200 billion worth of budget-balancing adjustments made in the previous three years." The Sacramento Bee (October 25, 2003) A9.]

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Characteristics of Contemporary Voting Machines. By Paul Herrnson, Center for American Politics and Citizenship, University of Maryland. (The Center, College Park, Maryland) October 2003.

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["This report presents a comprehensive list of the characteristics of direct recording electronic (DRE) and optical scan voting machines manufactured in the United States and abroad. Two-thirds of the machines feature DRE technology and one-third use optical scanners.... The report also provides information on the machines' hardware, software, and accessibility to voters."]

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Health of Older Californians: Data from the 2001 California Health Interview Survey and 2000 U.S. Census: County Data Book. By Steven P. Wallace and others, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) October 2003. 141 p.

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["Report Tracks Health Care for Elderly; Minorities Lag in Quality of Services, UCLA Study Shows: The report examines physical and mental ailments, insurance coverage and access to culturally appropriate services for the state's 3.6 million people age 65 and over.... It gives information on the demographic variations among the state's counties and touches on the prevalence of such conditions as diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and skin cancer." Los Angeles Times (October 28, 2003) 1.]

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Insurance, Access, and Quality of Care Among Hispanic Populations: 2003 Chartpack. By Michelle M. Dory, the Commonwealth Fund. Presented to the National Alliance for Hispanic Health Meeting (The Fund, New York, New York) October 15 - 17, 2003. 59 p.

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["This Chartpack is intended to serve as a quick reference and overview of insurance, access, and quality of care experiences among Hispanic populations in the United States."]

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Potential Implications of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit on Retiree Health Care Benefits. Kenneth E. Thorpe, Emory University (The Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC) September 13, 2003. 8 p.

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["A major part of Medicare’s payment to plans is in the form of a reinsurance payment, this rule makes it more expensive for employers to sponsor a drug plan for their Medicare retirees. Dropping coverage would allow retirees to receive the drug benefit at lower cost (since the plan they enroll in would receive the reinsurance payment). The different federal payment to employers sponsoring benefits compared to other plans creates strong incentives to drop coverage. The larger the difference in these payments across plans, the greater the incentive to drop coverage."]

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Perspectives on Medicare - Medicaid Dual Eligibles. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 03-52. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 21, 2003. 8 p.

["The administration and congressional leaders have supported the concept of a Medicare prescription drug benefit, but a series of competing proposals over the past two years have produced no legislation. Substantial differences have existed over such issues as the comprehensiveness of eligibility and coverage, the extent of federal government subsidy, savings to state governments, the structure and amount of costs to be borne by different groups of beneficiaries, and the method of administration."]

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Making the Case for Increasing Federal Child Care Funding: A Fact Sheet. By Jennifer Mezey, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 16, 2003. 5 p.

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[“Child care assistance is an essential part of any strategy to help families leave or avoid welfare, maintain employment, and become self-sufficient. Families who receive child care subsidies are more likely to work and to stay off welfare than those who do not receive this help…. However, only one out of seven children who are eligible for child care assistance under federal rules receives it.”]

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House and Senate TANF Reauthorization Bills Would Not Free up Large Sums for Child Care. By Mark Greenberg and Jennifer Mezey, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 4, 2003. 5 p.

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["Members of the Administration and others have asserted that enacting pending Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) legislation would free up $2 billion for states to use for child care. However, the $2 billion rests in state reserves and through the legislation, could be used for any allowable TANF expenditure. Making it easier for states to exhaust their reserves is no substitute for increasing federal child care funding. Without additional federal child care funds, children will lose their child care subsidies and families will be less able to obtain and maintain employment." Moving Ideas News (November 5, 2003).]

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Financing Child Support -- Why You Can't Afford Not To. By Natalie O'Donnell, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 47. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November/December 2003. 2 p.

["States are required to operate child support enforcement programs in order to receive TANF funds. The program is designed as a federal-state partnership, operationally and financially.... The federal financial participation rate provides a high return on investment, allowing states to better fund their programs,which in turn places them in a better position to earn federal incentives."]

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Practices That Mitigate the Effects of Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System. By Casey Family Programs. (The Programs, Seattle, Washington) August 25, 2003. 28 p.

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["Recent research indicates overrepresentation of children of color in the foster care system is a widespread concern. highlights practices that might alleviate the effects of this disproportionality on children and families already involved with the system by improving permanency and well-being outcomes. These practices include: 1) Family Group Conferencing; 2) Reunification; 3) Placement With Relatives; 4) Diligent Recruitment; 5) Maintaining Family Connections; 6) Achieving Timely Permanency When Reunification Is Not Possible; 7) Culturally Competent Practice. The report also suggests the child welfare system can examine and employ some of the strategies being used by the juvenile justice, education, and health care systems to decrease the disparity of outcomes for children who are served by multiple systems." Children's Bureau Express (November 7, 2003).]

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Children in Low-Income Families Fare Better With Work Supports. By Research Forum: National Center for Children in Poverty. (The Center, New York, New York) October 2003. 6 p.

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["In this report, the Research Forum describes findings from the New Hope program in Wisconsin that demonstrate the importance of stable work supports and flexibility for welfare-to-work families. New Hope offered parents numerous supports -- including subsidies to help them stabilize their child care arrangements, supplements to raise earnings above poverty, subsidized health insurance and flexible job assistance. The program increased both the well-being of children and the work participation among welfare-to-work families, although there were some scattered negative outcomes for teens in these families. Connect for Kids (November 3, 2003).]

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HHS Awards Two Rounds of Welfare Bonuses. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 03-54. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 21, 2003. 5 p.

["High-performance bonuses reward states for annual results in four categories: job placement, job success, improvement in job placement and improvement in job success. Beginning in FY 2002, bonuses also were awarded for program achievements in helping low-income working families enroll in Food Stamps, Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP); providing child care for working families and increasing the proportion of children living in families with married parents."]

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World Trade Organization: Ensuring China's Compliance Requires a Sustained and Multifaceted Approach. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-172T. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 30, 2003. 16 p.

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["The U.S. Must Face Up to China's Trade Challenges: China has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) for almost two years, but is still dragging its heels on fulfilling its WTO commitments. If it were a smaller economy, some of China's transgressions could be tolerated, but when the world's fourth largest trading nation ignores its obligations, China's trading partners ought to act." Heritage Foundation Reports (October 23, 2003) 1.]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol 10. Bulletin 31-33. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 23 - November 6, 2003.

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[Includes: "Homeland Security Committee Considers First Responders Bill;" "Bipartisan California Delegation Members Urges Federal Funding For Promise Initiative;" "House Judiciary Panel Considers Restructuring of the 9th Circuit;" "Klamath Basin Solutions Suggested in New Federal Report;" "Homeland Security Grants Announced, California Again At Lowest Per Capita;" "House Clears Temporary Nutrition Bill with Bipartisan Support;" "House and Senate Committee Leaders Agree on Taxing Ethanol;" "MTBE and Ethanol Waiver Issues Unresolved so Far;" "Senate Begins Considering Permanent Ban on Internet Taxation;" and others.]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Training in the 21st Century Police Officer: Redefining Police Professionalism for the Los Angeles Police Department. By Russell W. Glenn and others, Rand Public Safety and Justice. Prepared for the City of Los Angeles and the Los Angeles Police Department. MAR-1745-LAPD. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 278 p.

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["This book summarizes a nine-month study.... The objective is to provide analyses and recommendations to assist the LAPD in meeting the requirements outlined ... enabling the LAPD to better serve the interests of the people of Los Angleles through improved training .. in the use of force, search and seizure, arrest procedures, community policing, and diversity awareness."]

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"Socioeconomic Status Modifies Heritability of IQ in Young Children." By Eric Turkheimer, University of Virginia, and others. IN: Psychological Science, vol. 14, no. 6 (November 2003)

["Genes do explain the vast majority of IQ differences among children in wealthier families, the new work shows. But environmental factors -- not genetic deficits -- explain IQ differences among poor minorities. The results suggest that early childhood assistance programs such as Head Start can help the poor and are worthy of public support.... When Turkheimer tested ... a population of poor and mostly black children, it become clear that, in fact, the influence of genes on IQ was significantly lower in conditions of poverty, where environmental deficits overwhelm genetic potential." Washington Post (September 2, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9561]

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Curtin´s California Land Use and Planning Law: 2003. By Daniel J. Curtin and Cecily T. Talbert. (Solano Press Books, Point Arena, California) 2003.

["Well known, heavily quoted, and definitive summary of planning laws, including expert commentary on the latest statutes and case law (through January 1, 2003). Cited by the California Courts, including the California Supreme Court, as an Authoritative Source. Revised and republished annually in February."]

[Request #S9562]

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Ballot Box Navigator: A Practical and Tactical Guide to Land Use Initiatives and Referenda in California. By Michael Patrick Durkee, and others. (Solano Press Books, Point Arena, California) 2003. 180 p.

["Focuses on the tools available in California for the regulation of land uses and the control of new development through ballot measures known as initiatives and referenda. The authors provide a comprehensive perspective on the subject, as well as a complete summary of the law and the process."]

[Request #S9563]

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A Poverty of Reason: Sustainable Development and Economic Growth. By Wilfred Beckman, The Independent Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) 2003. 130 p.

["Comprehensive Planning A Disaster: The comprehensive planning law is a disaster.... The concept of sustainable development ('smart growth') is shown, even by its proponents, to be bogus.... Comprehensive planning insidiously overturns our American freedoms, our prosperity, and our way of life." Wisconsin State Journal (October 24, 2003) B2.]

[Request #S9541]

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"Adverse Childhood Exposures and Alcohol Dependence Among Seven Native American Tribes." By Mary P. Koss and others IN: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 25, no. 3 (October 2003) pp. 238-244.

["New research on seven Native American tribes suggests that tribe members who were abused or sent away to school as children are more likely to have problems with alcohol later in life.... More than two-thirds of respondents reported at least one kind of adverse childhood experience." Health Behavior News Service (September 17, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9564]

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