Subject: Studies in the News 03-78 (November 21, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "Long before another century rolls around, the principal avenue of trade between the United States and different seaports on the Pacific Ocean will be the Colorado River as connected with the Gulf of California. The China and India trade will, of course, intermittently flow through (the Colorado River) which will render the route to the Pacific far more eligible than that of the river Columbia can ever become. The Gulf of California is only an extension of the Colorado River."  San Diego Herald (November 19, 1853)  

1853 - "With regards to immigration this season across the plains: There were between twenty-five and thirty teams, with one family each on an average, or altogether about one hundred and twenty-five persons, bringing with them not less than three thousand head of American cattle, principally milch cows and work oxen, besides a number of horses, mules, and twelve hundred sheep. "  Sacramento Union (November 7, 1853)  

Contents This Week

   Disabled youth in the juvenile justice system
   Mentally ill prisoners
   Historical trends in correction statistics
   Costly failure of prison policies
   Parole revocation remedial action plan
   Information on toy gun issues
   Unique strengths of youth of color
   Massachusetts court approves same-sex marriage
   Natural rate of interest
   Dodging community reinvestment
   Internet taxes
   U.S. immigrant remittance transfers
   Technology based economic development
   Academic Performance Index rising
   Health risks and the Academic Performance Index
   Benefits of smaller class size
   Federal science and engineering support
   Changes in college admissions
   National mathematics scores
   National reading scores
   Reforming categorical programs
   Survey on marine and coastline issues
   Recommendations on environmental justice
   National wildlife refuges
   Public financing of elections
   Funding homeland security
   Federal grant announcements
   Governor's Inaugural address
   Delegation and policymaking
   Survey of American political values
   Streamlined Sales Tax Project: supported
   Streamlined Sales Tax Project: opposed
   Bioethics Advisory Commission's role
   Court definition of disabled
   Health insurance and immigrant children
   Low-income children and health insurance
   Health report cards for students
   Transitional food stamps
   Homeless in Los Angeles
   Food security in the United States
   Immigrants and TANF
   TANF spending by states
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Cambodian American experiences
   Children's emotional and behavioral problems
   Pediatricians asked to address childhood obesity
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Addressing the Needs of Youth with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: The Current State of Knowledge. By Daniel P. Mears and Laudan Y. Aron, Justice Policy Center, Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2003. 138 p.

Full Text at:

["This report summarizes and assesses the state of knowledge about children and youth with disabilities who are at risk of delinquency and involvement in the juvenile justice system or have already entered it.... By highlighting what is known about addressing delinquency and the diverse needs among this population, it aims to inform policy discussions among policymakers, practitioners, and researchers." Publisher's Announcement (November 1, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9578]

Return to the Table of Contents


Out Of the Asylum, Into the Cell. By Sally Satel, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at:

["A new report by Human Rights Watch has found that American prisons and jails contain three times more mentally ill people than do our psychiatric hospitals. The study confirmed what mental health and corrections experts have long known: incarceration has become the nation's default mental-health treatment. The report offers good suggestions on how to help those who are incarcerated; a bigger question is what we can do to keep them from ending up behind bars at all."]

[Request #S9579]

Return to the Table of Contents


Historical Trends: 1982-2002. By the Data Analysis Unit, California Department of Corrections. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2003. 24 p.

Full Text at:

["Historical trend information covering the past twenty years is presented in graphs and tables for various offender characteristics." Includes: "Institutional Populations;" "Racial/Ethnic Composition;" "New Admissions by Offence;" "Parole Violaters Returned to Prison;" "Released to Parole;" "Average Time Served on Prison Sentence;" and others.]

[Request #S9580]

Return to the Table of Contents

Back to the Community: Safe & Sound Parole Policies. By The Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) November 2003. 17 p.

Full Text at:

"Panel Calls Prison Policies Costly Failure: California's correctional system ... does little to prepare inmates for freedom and returns two out of three ex-convicts to prison before they complete parole, according to a report.... By neglecting to use prison time to educate and train most inmates for jobs on the outside, the Department operates a 'revolving door' system." Los Angeles Times (November 14, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9581]

Return to the Table of Contents

Valdivia vs. Schwarzenegger; Valdivia vs. Davis. United States District Court, Eastern District of California. No. Civ. S-94-671. Order Granting Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment. June 14, 2002. Stipulated Order for Permanent Injunctive Relief. August 21, 2003, [Submitted to the court November 18, 2003]. And Valdivia Remedial Plan Policy Outline. 2003. Various pagings.

["This stipulated settlement creates a parole revocation system that affords appropriate process.... The Parole and Community Services Division of the Department of Corrections will begin using remedial sanctions/community based treatment placement in January of 2004, (including) the substance abuse treatment electronic monitoring, self-help outpatient/aftercare programs, and alternative placement in structured and supervised environments." Los Angeles Times (November 18, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9622]

Return to the Table of Contents


Information Generally Not Available on Toy Gun Issues Related to Crime, Injuries or Deaths, and Long-Term Impact. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-1135R. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 30, 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at:

["Our study disclosed that scant data exist on the incidence of crimes, injuries, or deaths involving toy guns and on the long-term effects that childhood play with toy guns may have on individuals. ... Thus, the relatively few cases of such incidents that were recorded in these databases probably do not represent an accurate or comprehensive reporting."]

[Request #S9582]

Return to the Table of Contents



Unique Strengths, Shared Strengths: Developmental Assets Among Youth of Color. By Arturo Sesma and Eugene Roehlkepartain, Search Institute. Insights & Evidence. Vol. 1, No. 2. (The Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota) November 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at:

["Similarities and Differences Found in What Youth of Color Need to Succeed: The report reveals that developmental assets protect youth from all racial/ethnic groups studied ... from engaging in 10 different high-risk behaviors, including violence, alcohol use, and illicit drug use." Public Education Network Weekly (November 7, 2003) 3.]

[Request #S9583]

Return to the Table of Contents


Hillary Goodridge et al. vs. Department of Public Health. Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. SJC-08860. November 18, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

["Massachusetts' highest court ruled 4-3 that the state's ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gave lawmakers 180 days to fix the problem.... The court left the details of the same-sex marriage issue to the Legislature. Advocates said the case took a significant step beyond the 1999 Vermont Supreme Court decision that led to civil unions in that state." New York Times (November 18, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9584]

Return to the Table of Contents



The Natural Rate of Interest. By John C. Williams, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. Number 2003-32. (The Bank, San Francisco) October 31, 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at:

["This Economic Letter describes factors that influence the natural rate of interest and discusses different ways economists try to measure it.... The natural rate is the real fed funds rate consistent with stable inflation absent shocks to demand and supply."]

[Request #S9585]

Return to the Table of Contents


Outside the Law: How Lenders Dodge Community Reinvestment. By Gail Parson, National Training and Information Center (The Center, Chicago, Illinois) 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at:

["The purpose of this report is to examine how low and moderate income borrowers are being served by lenders and whether or not the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) encourages lenders to do business with low income or minority borrowers ... The results of this study will inform the regulators how to modernize the CRA to keep pace with changing lending patterns"]

[Request #S9586]

Return to the Table of Contents


The Internet Tax Solution: Tax Competition, Not Tax Collusion. By Adam D. Thierer and Veronique de Rugy, the Cato Institute. Policy Analysis No. 494. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 23, 2003. 40 p.

Full Text at:

["The Cato Institute issued a lengthy policy analysis that faulted opponents of S150 (which would make permanent the moratorium on Internet taxes and access taxes) who have lumped it with states' inability to collect sales and use taxes on remote sellers such as e-commerce sites. Cato argued that imposing a collection requirement on e-commerce would be excessively costly and unconstitutional and said the moratorium did not directly affect states' ability to tax remote vendors." Washington Internet Daily (October 27, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9587]

Return to the Table of Contents


"Breadwinners Who Know No Borders: Entire Economies Now Depend on Remittances." By Roberto Soto. IN: Los Angeles Times (November 10, 2003) 11.

Full Text at:,1,1482088.story?coll=la-headlines-oped-manuel

["In Mexico, this research found, fully one-fifth of the adults are receiving remittances from relatives in the U.S., and in El Salvador it is nearly a third. The surveys also show that these funds are reaching every sector of society, not just the poor, and indeed the greatest effect may be in keeping working-class families from slipping into poverty."]

[Request #S9621]

Return to the Table of Contents


Gone But Not Forgotten: Labor Flows, Knowledge Spillovers, and Enduring Social Capital. By Ajay Agrawal and others, National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper No. w9950. (The Bureau, Cambridge, Massachusetts) September 2003. 37 p.

["It is well known that patent citations occur disproportionately between patents issued to inventors living in the same location.... We find strong evidence that the social ties associated with co-location are particularly important for facilitating knowledge spillovers across technology fields or communities of practice where alternative mechanisms for transferring knowledge are more costly."]

[Request #S9588]

Return to the Table of Contents



The Academic Performance Index (API). By the California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) October 24, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

["The state recently celebrated a huge leap in Academic Performance Index scores -- 90 percent of schools scored higher this year than last year. Still, only 21 percent of the schools measured hit a statewide target set by Gov. Gray Davis four years ago when he called for higher expectations and accountability." Associated Press (October 28, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9589]

Return to the Table of Contents

Student Health Risks, Resilience and Academic Performance in California: Longitudinal Analyses and Fact Sheets. By Thomas L. Hanson and Gregory Austin, Health and Human Development Program, WestEd (WestEd, San Francisco, California) 2003.

["Student Well-Being Essential to Academic Success: Our research reveals that schools with higher percentages of students who are less engaged in risky behaviors, more likely to eat nutritiously and exercise, and report caring relationships and high expectations at school made greater progress in raising test scores." Press Release (October 2, 2003) 1.]

Factsheet 1. 4 p.:

Factsheet 3. 5 p.:

Year 1 Report. 125 p.:

Year 2 Report. 90 p.:

[Request #S9590]

Return to the Table of Contents


Class Size: Counting Students Can Count. By Chris Zurawsky, American Educational Research Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) Fall 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at:

["Do smaller class sizes impact student learning? In general, at-risk students benefit more from smaller classes than their peers, and the benefits are greatest early, in kindergarten and first grade. Substantially smaller classes (13 to 17 students) are expensive, but they allow teachers to individually engage each of their students, helping them become better, more involved students." Connect for Kids (November 10, 2003).]

[Request #S9591]

Return to the Table of Contents


Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions. 2003. And Federal Funds for Research and Development: Detailed Historical Tables: Fiscal Years 1951-2002. By the National Science Foundation. (The Foundation, Arlington, Virginia) 2003.

[“California, with a 13.4 percent share of the U.S. total, led the nation in receiving federal obligations for science and engineering to colleges and universities in FY 2001, according to a new report.... The historical tables includes several tables presenting the geographic distribution of federal R& D funding for the period 1970-2000.]

Table 1:
Table 2:
Survey. 239 p.:

[Request #S9592]

Return to the Table of Contents

"College Admissions Survey." By James Fallows, and others. IN: Atlantic Monthly, vol. 292, no. 4, (November 2003) pp. 104-140.

[Includes: "The New College Chaos;" "The Late Decision Program;" "What Makes a College Good;" "The Selectivity Illusion;" "The Bias Question;" and others.]

[Request #S9593]

Return to the Table of Contents


The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics Highlights 2003. National Center for Education Statistics. NCES 2004-452, (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at:

["In math, state scores did show 10-plus point gains in California, mirroring a national trend. But the increase did not significantly close the gap between the best states and California." Alameda Times-Star (November 14, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9594]

Return to the Table of Contents


The Nation's Report Card: Reading Highlights 2003. National Center for Education Statistics. NCES 2004-452, (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at:

["While the state made some noteworthy double-digit gains in math, reading scores were stagnant, and overall California, compared with other states, remained firmly planted at the bottom in the company of Mississippi and the District of Columbia." Alameda Times-Star (November 14, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9595]

Return to the Table of Contents


California Department of Education: The Extensive Number and Breadth of Categorical Programs Challenges the State's Ability to Reform and Oversee Them. Audit Report 2003-107. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) November 2003. 122 p.; CD Rom.

Full Text at:

["Education funds are generally one of two types: general purpose or categorical. General funds can be spent on paying everything from teacher salaries to utilities.... Categorical funds must be spent for specific purposes.... For FY 2001-02, the department disbursed roughly $17 billion to various recipients for 113 categorical programs.... Our report contains recommendations that we direct toward either the CDE or the Legislature."]

[Request #S9596]

Return to the Table of Contents



PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Californians and the Environment. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) November 2003. 38 p.

Full Text at:

["Particularly concerned about the declining condition of the coast and ocean, most Californians embrace strong environmental protections, even if those mean paying more for gasoline at the pump, more for fish at the market or making it harder to find housing, according to a poll.... 'So many people rank the coast as important to them personally, they are willing to sacrifice in ways they wouldn't do for other things,' Baldassare said.....'" Los Angeles Times (November 13, 2003) B6.]

[Request #S9597]

Return to the Table of Contents


Recommendations of the California Environmental Protection Agency Advisory Committee on Environmental Justice to the Cal/EPA Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice: Final Report. By the Advisory Committee on Environmental Justice. (The Agency, Sacramento, California) September 30, 2003.

["A state panel approved perhaps the most far-reaching set of environmental justice policies in the nation, establishing guidelines that could color every California permit, regulation and program dealing with the environment and rewrite how the state assesses pollution. The new guidelines essentially flip the scrutiny on emissions limits, shifting the burden of proof from communities to polluters." Oakland Tribune (October 1, 2003) 1.]

Recommendations. 58 p.

Appendicies. Various pagings.

[Request #S9598]

Return to the Table of Contents


National Wildlife Refuges: Improvement Needed in the Management and Oversight of Oil and Gas Activities on Federal Lands. By the General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 30, 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at:

["GAO Calls For Better Management of Oil and Gas Drilling: The report paints a picture of a federal agency with its hands full.... The damage varies widely in severity, duration and visibility ranging from infrequent small oil spills and industrial debris with no known effect on wildlife to large and chronic spills causing wildlife deaths and long-term soil and water contamination." Environment and Energy Daily (October 31, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9599]

Return to the Table of Contents



Public Financing of Elections: Where to Get the Money? By Tracy Westen, Center for Governmental Studies. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 63 p.

Full Text at:

["This publication describes over 40 creative new funding sources to support public campaign finance systems... including income tax surcharges on millionaires, increased civil and criminal fines, surcharges on punitive damage awards, tax amnesty programs, public campaign financing bonds, 100% tax credits, 'Democracy Endowments,' 'Patriot Credit Cards' and free time on city-operated cable television channels. It also includes detailed summaries of 27 state and 11 local public financing laws."]

[Request #S9600]

Return to the Table of Contents


DHS Announces FY 2004 First Responder Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 03-55. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 7, 2003 3 p.

["The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has announced $2.2 billion in fiscal year (FY) 2004 grant allocations. States are required to pass through at least 80% of funding for all three programs to local jurisdictions within 60 days of receiving the award."]

[Request #S9601]

Return to the Table of Contents


Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant; 03-18. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 13, 2003. 7 p.

[Includes: "Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms Program;" "Quentin N. Burdick Program for Rural Interdisciplinary Training;" "Grants for Coordinated HIV Services and Access to Research for Women, Infants, Children, and Youth;" "Genetic Services Projects;" "Medical Home for Children with Special Health Care Needs;" "VA Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program;" and others.]

[Request #S9602]

Return to the Table of Contents


Inaugural Speech. By Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. IN: Los Angeles Times (November 18, 2003) [online.]

["He delivered a speech in which he cast himself as an avenging populist intent on restoring government to an alienated electorate and protecting 'the dream that is California'.... He said he would commit himself to narrowing the state's multibillion-dollar budget gap and reviving a weak economy." Los Angeles Times (November 18, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S9603]

Return to the Table of Contents


Bureaucratic Capacity, Delegation, and Political Reform. By John D. Huber, Columbia University and Princeton Center for the Study of Democratic Politics and Nolan McCarty, Princeton University. (The Center, Princeton, New Jersey) 2003. 49 p.

Full Text at:

["We analyze a model of delegation and policymaking in polities where bureaucratic capacity is low. Our analysis suggests that low bureaucratic capacity diminishes incentives for bureaucrats to comply with legislation, making it more difficult for politicians to induce bureaucrats to take actions that politicians desire."]

[Request #S9604]

Return to the Table of Contents


Evenly Divided and Increasingly Polarized: 2004 Political Landscape. By the Pew Center for the People and the Press. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 5, 2003. 152 p.

Full Text at:

["Americans are politically divided and increasingly polarized in their beliefs, according to a new survey of political attitudes and values.... Individuals were asked questions on various topics, including foreign policy, civil liberties, race, religion, and social values.... The two parties are increasingly at odds over the role of business and the social safety net." Brookings Alert (November 10, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9605]

Return to the Table of Contents


Lawmaker's Guide to the Streamlined Sales Tax Project: 2003 The Year of Decision. By the Deloitte & Touche Center for Multistate Taxation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. (The Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) 2003. 39 p.

["Streamlined Sales Tax Project is an effort to simplify and modernize sales and use tax collection. Thirty-nine states are involved in the project. Features include: uniform definitions within tax laws, rate simplification, state level tax administration, uniform sourcing rules, simplified exemption administration, uniform audit procedures, and state funding of the system."]

[Request #S9606]

Return to the Table of Contents

"'Lawmakers Guide:' Ignoring Taxpayers." By Matthew Clark. (Americans for Tax Reform, Washington, D.C.) 2003. 5 p.

Full Text at:

["'The Lawmakers Guide' booklet [Request #S9606] ... uses three years of manipulative rhetoric and misleading recommendations by the Multistate Tax Commission.... The Streamlined Sales Tax Project (SSTP) is the first and essential step to create a stealth tax hike that would extend a national state sales tax to out-of-state Internet and other remote purchases, costing consumers hundreds of millions of dollars.... Groups oppose the SSTP because it does not commit to tax neutrality and cannot guarantee net impact on taxpayers in every state will be zero."]

[Request #S9607]

Return to the Table of Contents



The National Bioethics Advisory Commission: Contributing to Public Policy. By Elisa Eiseman, Rand Science and Technology. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 172 p.

Full Text at:

["During the commission's five-year tenure, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) submitted six major reports to the White House that contained 120 recommendations on several complex bioethical issues.... This Rand study was conducted to assess NBAC's contribution to the policymaking process as it relates to these issues."]

[Request #S9608]

Return to the Table of Contents


Barnhart v. Thomas. United States Supreme Court. 02-763. Nov. 12, 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at:

"Sick or injured applicants for federal disability benefits aren't entitled to payments if they are still fit enough to do jobs they formerly held, even if those jobs no longer exist. ... The federal agency was entitled to conclude that applicants who could do their former jobs could also, "in the vast majority of cases," work at other existing jobs, said the opinion by Justice Antonin Scalia." By Bob Egelko IN: The San Francisco Chronicle. November 13, 2003, Pg. A2.]

[Request #S9609]

Return to the Table of Contents


Health Insurance Coverage of Children in Mixed-Status Immigrant Families. By Randy Capps and others, The Urban Institute. Snapshots of America's Families; no. 12. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2003. 4 p.

Full Text at:

["Data from the 2002 National Survey of America's Families shows that insurance coverage increased 7 percentage points for children in mixed-status families between 1999 and 2002. In 2002, 22 percent of children in mixed-status families lacked health insurance compared with 12 percent of children with citizen parents. Medicaid and SCHIP coverage increased 12 percentage points for children in mixed-status families."]

[Request #S9610]

Return to the Table of Contents

Funding Health Coverage For Low-Income Children in Washington. By Leighton Ku and Matthew Broaddus, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 10, 2003. 11 p.

Full Text at:

["Plans to impose or increase health insurance premiums for low-income children in the state of Washington on Medicaid or SCHIP will cause about 24,000 children to lose coverage. These harmful reductions could be avoided by applying new federal funding to preserve children's health insurance."]

[Request #S9611]

Return to the Table of Contents


Guidelines on Reporting of Body Mass Index. Endorsed by the Arkansas Child Health Advisory Committee. And Letter to School Superintendents. By the Director, Arkansas Department of Education. (Arkansas Center for Health Improvement, Little Rock Arkansas) 2003. Various pagings.

["The Arkansas Child Health Advisory Committee, a committee charged with making recommendations on the implementation of Act 1220, endorsed working principles for Body Mass Index Assessments.... The committee decided that parents will receive information regarding their child's body mass index on a confidential health report card. This card, separate from the child’s grade report card, will be communicated directly to the parent(s) in a private and confidential manner, and include recommendations and resources available to parents."]

Press Release. 2 p.:

Letter. 1 p.:'s_Letter.doc

Act 1220 of 2003. 5 p.:

[Request #S9612]

Return to the Table of Contents



Transitional Food Stamps: Background and Implementation Issues. By Dorothy Rosenbaum, The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) November 10, 2003. 9 p.

Full Text at:

["States may, at their discretion, apply transitional food stamps to ... households that cease to receive TANF.... As of October 2003, nine states have adopted the option.... This paper incorporates information gathered from conversations with these states so that their trail-blazing efforts can inform the decisions of the other states."]

[Request #S9613]

Return to the Table of Contents


Homeless in LA: A Working Paper for the 10-Year Plan to End Homelessness in Los Angeles County. By Patrick Burns, and others. (The Economic Roundtable, Los Angeles, California) November 2003. 80 p.

["This report finds that Los Angeles’ rate of homelessness is higher than the U.S. average because it has a higher rate of poverty and higher housing costs. Compared to the U.S., a disproportionately large share of homeless residents lives on the streets. This report maps the size and characteristics of this population. Among its findings: drugs and alcohol are the most frequently reported causes of homelessness; homelessness lasts less than a year for 95 percent of the annual homeless population; homeless residents are younger than the overall popu­lation. A disproportionate number are children under 5 and young mothers 18 to 29 years of age."]

[Request #S9614]

Return to the Table of Contents


Measuring Food Security in the United States: Household Food Security in the United States, 2002. By Mark Nord and others, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report; Number 35. (The Service, Washington, DC) 2003. 58 p.

Full Text at:

["The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 10.7 percent in 2001 to 11.1 percent in 2002, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.3 percent to 3.5 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2002 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food assistance programs."]

[Request #S9615]

Return to the Table of Contents


Immigrants and TANF: A Look at Immigrant Welfare Recipients in Three Cities. By Karen C. Tumlin, and Wendy Zimmermann, The Urban Institute. Assessing the New Federalism Occasional Paper; 69. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2003. 36 p.

Full Text at:

["Key findings, based on case studies of New York, Los Angeles, and Houston ... show that immigrants and limited English speakers ... make up a significant share of those on welfare; many have significant barriers to work including less education and work history than natives; The authors conclude that combining part-time work and language training can help immigrant welfare recipients move into jobs and off the welfare rolls."]

[Request #S9616]

Return to the Table of Contents


Analysis of Fiscal Year 2002 TANF and MOE Spending by States. By Hedieh Rahmanou, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2003. Various pagings.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has published data concerning use of federal TANF and state maintenance of effort (MOE) funds in FY 2002. This set of state-by-state charts shows how each state used its TANF and MOE funds in FY 2002."]

State-by-state charts:
Chart on national data:

[Request #S9617]

Return to the Table of Contents


California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy research. Vol. 10, Bulletin 34-35. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 14-21, 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "California to Receive Nearly 20% of Homeland Security Urban Grants, Softening Yet Not Erasing Low Per Capita Share of Formula Grants;" "FCC Adopts Anti-Piracy Rule For Digital TV;" "Agreement Reached on Healthy Forests Bill;" "Congress Sends Energy and Water Appropriations To President;" "Southern California's Aviation Issues Considered;" and others.]

[Request #S9618]

Return to the Table of Contents

[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America. By Aihwa Ong. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) September 2003. 368 p.

["[This book] tells the story of Cambodian Americans experiencing American citizenship from the bottom up. Based on extensive fieldwork in Oakland and San Francisco, the study puts a human face on how American institutions -- of health, welfare, law, police, church, and industry -- affect minority citizens as they negotiate American culture and re-interpret the American dream." Publisher's Announcement.]

[Request #S9619]

Return to the Table of Contents



Hardwired to Connect: The New Scientific Findings Shed Light on Why Large Numbers of American Children Suffer from Emotional and Behavioral Problems. By the Institute for American Values. (The Institute, New York, New York) September 2003.

["A panel of leading children's doctors, research scientists and youth services professionals, has issued a report to the nation about new strategies to reduce the currently high numbers of U.S. children who are suffering from emotional and behavioral problems such as depression, anxiety, attention deficit, conduct disorders, and thoughts of suicide.... Meeting chidren's needs for close attachments and for moral and spiritual meaning is the best way to ensure their healthy development, according to the Commission."]

[Request #S9620]

Return to the Table of Contents


Remarks Presented to American Academy of Pediatrics. And Remarks Presented to the 2003 California Childhood Obesity Conference. By Richard Carmona, U.S. Surgeon General. (Office of the Surgeon General, Washington, DC) 2003. Various pagings.

["Surgeon General asks pediatricians to address issue of childhood obesity. ... health problems related to obesity cost the United States $117 billion per year in medical costs and lost productivity and cause about 300,000 death each year. We must teach our children to enjoy healthy foods in healthy proportions. We must encourage all children to be physically active for at least 60 minutes a day." California Healthline (November 6, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S9623]

Return to the Table of Contents