Subject: Studies in the News 04-3 (January 22, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

January 13, 1854 - "When a State is once admitted it is sovereign, and can alter its domestic institutions at pleasure, and do any act without the assent of Congress. If Congress has imposed restrictions upon her while a Territory, they are not binding upon her as a State. -- Hence, if it be even admitted that Congress has power to legislate for a territory, the exercise of the power is fruitless, because the State may disregard it. And when a people inhabiting such territory ask to be admitted into the Union as a sovereign State, Congress has but to inquire whether the constitution they present for their government is republican in form and intent. Their domestic concerns -- their local laws, present and future, do not come under the purview of Congress. "  Free Press Detroit Michigan  

January 16, 1854 - "The Santa Barbara Guard was organized on January 16, 1854, at which time considerable lawlessness was prevalent in that region. The papers and records on file fail to indicate any specific activity on the part of the company, but there was no doubt, but what they saw action in the year that they were in existence. On September 21, 1854, Captain Twist tendered his resignation to Governor Bigler and as there were no other letters, or communication on file regarding this company, it was assumed that the unit was disbanded after being in existence for about a year."  www.militarymuseum.org/SantaBarbaraGuard.html  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Measuring California's quality of life
CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   California Treatment Expansion Initiative
   Department of Corrections investigation
   Parental attitudes toward social drug use
   Hate crimes rising
   Ex-cons have right to refuse medication
   Stigma of prison classification
   Women offenders and classification
ECONOMY
   Bovine animal identification plan
   Economy on the upswing
   Supercenters' effect on local economy
   Tax returns outsourced to India
   Technology enables outsourcing
   Court affirms tribal gaming
EDUCATION
   Financing community colleges
   Educational alternatives for vulnerable youth
   K-12 general purpose funds distribution
   Public school reform
   Portable classrooms posing safety hazard
   Funding allocation in education
   Teacher professional standards boards
EMPLOYMENT
   Retirement preparedness of boomers
   Court limits liability for sexual harassment
   Unemployment benefits
   Employment-based insurance
   Permanent disability schedule
ENERGY
   Responding to the natural gas crisis
   Competitive procedures for DOE labs
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   GMOs and public policy in New Zealand
   Global climate change
   Survey of environmental justice policies
   Integrated Waste Management Board
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Reforms for civil service
   Cutbacks on fire protection
   Federal funds information for states
   Cities not liable for 911 errors
   New state-reimbursable mandates
   Politics and redistricting
   State and federal finances
   LAO overview of budget
   State of the State address
HEALTH
   Californians, health and the Internet
   Healthcare disparities in the United States
   Late-onset Alzheimer's disease
   Strategy formed to treat autism
   Soft drinks in schools
   Overweight children and neighborhoods
HUMAN SERVICES
   TANF/Child support cases
   Child support provisions in TANF reauthorization
   Child support gains ground
   Mayor's report on hunger and homelessness
   Hunger claims exaggerated
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Biotechnology and its discontents
   State-by-state overview of the high-technology industry
   State of special education
   Soot linked to heart disease
   Farming and biodiversity
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CALIFORNIA READER

Telling Our Story, Measuring Our Progress: California's Regional Quality of Life Indicator Projects. By Trish Kelly and others, the California Center for Regional Leadership. Prepared for the California Children and Families Association. (The Center, San Francisco, California) 2003. 85 p.

Full Text at: www.calregions.org/pdf/Ind-Report.pdf

["A recent report ... examines and analyzes a number of quality of life indicators across the state to measure economic, environmental and social health within the state and across regions. The goal of the report is to help identify the strengths and challenges of individual regions, to inform policy choices, to strengthen interregional partnerships, and to serve as a mobilization tool for stakeholders and leaders to address their priority concerns." Capitol Hill Bulletin (December 19, 2003) 3.]

[Request #S9970]

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CORRECTIONS

"The California Treatment Expansion Initiative: Aftercare Participation, Recidivism, and Predictors of Outcomes." By William M. Burdon and others, UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs. IN: Prison Journal (March 2004) [In Press.]

["This study explored possible predictors of participation in aftercare and 12-month return-to-custody (RTC) among 4,155 inmates who participated in prison-based therapeutic community treatment in California."]

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Alejandro Madrid, et al. v. Richard Rimmer, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C90-3094. And Special Master's Draft Report Re Department of Corrections "Post Powers" Investigations and Employee Discipline. By John Hagar. (The Court, San Francisco, California) January 15, 2004. 71 p.

["Officials Feel Heat Over Prison Report: A scathing report about California's troubled prison system increased pressure on Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to press ahead with sweeping changes in the $5.3 billion program.... The document prepared for a federal judge in San Francisco found that top officials in the department, under pressure from the powerful prison guards union, have been unwilling to discipline officers involved in attacks on inmates or other misconduct." Los Angeles Times (January 17, 2004) B6.]

[Request #S1021]

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DRUGS

Partnership Attitude Tracking Study: Parents 2003. By Partnership for a Drug-Free America. (The Partnership, New York, New York) 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.drugfreeamerica.org/acrobat/Full_Report_Pats_2003.pdf

["[According to this study] there is a great disconnect between parent perceptions of teen exposure to and use of drugs and teens' actual exposure to and use of drugs...Further, while parents feel talking to their children about drugs is important, they seem to fall short in taking this action...As in previous years, parents who see or hear anti-drug advertising frequently are more likely to thoroughly educate their children about drugs than parents who see commercials less frequently."]

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HATE CRIMES

2002 Hate Crimes Report. By the Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations. Prepared for the Los Angeles Board of Supervisors. (The Commission, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 44 p.

Full Text at: humanrelations.co.la.ca.us/Our_publications/pdf/HateCrimes2002.pdf

["Hate Crimes at School Rising, 22% Increase from 2001-02 Defies Countywide Trend: School-based hate crimes jumped 22% from 2001 to 2002, and are on track for a similar increase this year, even while total hate crimes in Los Angeles County hit a five-year low. The report revealed there were 804 hate crimes in 2002, a 22 percent drop from the previous year. About half were violent in nature." Los Angeles Daily News (December 17, 2003) 1.]

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PRISONERS

In re: Kanuri Surgury Qawi. California Supreme Court. S100099. January 5, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S100099.PDF

["Mentally ill former prisoners who are held in state hospitals after completing their sentences have the right to refuse psychiatric medication unless they are incompetent or dangerous, the state Supreme Court ruled.... State law gives patients covered by the Mentally Disordered Offender Act the same rights to veto medication as other involuntary mental patients who have not been convicted of crimes.... The court said Qawi was entitled to a hearing on his competence and his dangerousness." San Francisco Chronicle (January 6, 2003) A15.]

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PRISONS & PRISONERS

"Investigating the Stigma of Prison Classification: An Experimental Design." By Lawrence L. Bench and Terry D. Allen, University of Utah. IN: The Prison Journal, vol. 83, no. 4 (December 2003) pp. 367-381.

["This study uses an experimental design to assign inmates to either maximum security (control group) or medium security (experimental group). Inmate disciplinary activity was monitored for a period of one year. Results indicate that there is no statistical difference between the experimental and control groups for disciplinary activity.... Findings suggest that the classification label may be a determinant of behavior rather than a reflection of inmate characteristics."]

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WOMEN

"Women Offenders and Prison Classification: A Paradox." By Patricia Van Voorhis and Lois Presser. IN: Women, Girls & Criminal Justice, vol. 4, no. 1 (December/January 2004) pp. 1-11.

["Classification approaches typically have been developed for men and applied to women with little attention to their effectiveness.... The Prisons Division of the National Institute of Corrections sought ... to address and improve classification systems for women offenders.... Results of the assessment supported concerns regarding the validity, legality, and relevance of classification.... This article summarizes the results of our discussions with correctional officials across the United States."]

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ECONOMY

AGRICULTURE

United States Animal Identification Plan: Draft Document. By the National Identification Development Team. (The Team, Washington, DC) 2003. 74 p.

Full Text at: usaip.info/US_AIP_Plan_Draft_092903_Ver_4_0_Master_.pdf

["Efforts to create a centralized database have been slowed so far by disputes over who would maintain the database and who would bear its cost.... Resistance to the plan has come from meat producers who don't trust the idea of establishing a central database that would allow the government or rivals to know detailed information about their operations.... Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman said that the government would speed development of the system, but offered no details.... For now, inspectors often must rely on paper records or a hodgepodge of data maintained by meat producers and breeders." Associated Press (December 31, 2003) 1.]

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CALIFORNIA

Economy on the Upswing in the Twelfth District. By the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Western Economic Developments. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) December 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/wed/2003/wed0312bk.pdf

["California's critical economic elements, such as the labor market, consumer spending, commercial real estate, and the information technology (IT) manufacturing and service industries, have improved this year, particularly during the last quarter, reports a newly released survey by the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. The survey offers an analysis of the economic well-being of the Bank's Twelfth District, which includes California and eight other states." Capitol Hill Bulletin (December 19, 2003) 3.]

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CORPORATIONS

Final Report on Research for Big Box Retail/Superstore Ordinance. By Rodino Associates. Prepared for Industrial and Commercial Development Division, City of Los Angeles. (The Associates, Pacific Palisades, California) October 28, 2003. 70 p.

["A report commissioned by two Los Angeles city councilmen warns that Wal-Mart Stores Inc.'s Supercenters could harm the local economy and recommends that the company be required to raise its pay and benefits if it wants to operate in the city.... Based on the report's recommendations and guidance from the council's Economic Development and Employment Committee, the city attorney's office will draw up a proposed ordinance, which could be ready for action early next year." Los Angeles Times (December 6, 2003) C1.]

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FOREIGN TRADE & COMMERCE

"When Tax Returns go Overseas." By David Lazarus. IN: San Francisco Chronicle,(December 17, 2003) B1.

["Growing trend of U.S. tax preparers exporting work to India -- a phenomenon that's unknown to many taxpayers because the preparer typically slaps his or her own letterhead on the returns.... Mike Gamble, marketing manager for Oursource at CCH's Southern California division, said the company expects to process at least 30,000 U.S. returns in India by next April."]

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Business Process Outsourcing Services for Economic Development. By the UNCTAD Secretariat. E-Commerce and Development Report. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, Switzerland ) 2003. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.unctad.org/en/docs/ecdr2003ch5_en.pdf

["India, with its skilled English-speaking workforce and salaries up to 80 percent lower than in developed countries, has captured a dominant share of the international outsourcing market. Information technology-enabled services are projected to employ up to 1.1 million people in India by 2008.... Worldwide, offshore outsourcing could generate some 3.3 million jobs by 2015, 2.31 million of them in India alone." Xinhua General News Service (November 20, 2003) 1.]

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INDIAN GAMBLING

Artichoke Joe's, et al v. Gale Norton, et al. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 02-16508. December 22, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/9F2D0E6B6C3941E788256E0100727307/$file/0216508.pdf?openelement

["A federal appeals court upheld California's voter-approved expansion of tribal gambling, saying federal law lets states grant Indian tribes a monopoly on Nevada-style casinos.... The court gave as a rationale that California law 'furthers the federal government's longstanding trust obligations to Indian tribes and helps promote their economic self-development.' The appellate court's decision also removes an obstacle to one tribe's plan to open the state's first metropolitan-area casino in the West Contra Costa County City of San Pablo." San Francisco Chronicle (December 23, 2003) A19.]

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EDUCATION

COMMUNITY COLLEGES

Financing California's Community Colleges. By Patrick J. Murphy, University of San Francisco. (Public Policy Institute of California, San Francisco, California) January 2004.

["Fees must go up and politicians must invest more money in community colleges if the system of two-year schools is to remain California's largest gateway to higher education, a study concludes.... In an annual competition for funding, the state's 108 community colleges almost always lose out to the prestige of the University of California and California State University, and to the political clout of K-12 public schools.... California community college students pay the lowest fees in the nation, even after last year's hike to $18 from $11 per unit. The fees are so low that federal law prevents students from getting the maximum annual Pell Grant awards and Hope scholarshp tax credit." Sacramento Bee (January 14, 2004) 1.]

Report. 105 p.:
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_104PMR.pdf

Research Brief. 2 p.:
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/RB_104PMRB.pdf

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EDUCATION REFORM

Educational Alternatives for Vulnerable Youth: Student Needs, Program Types, and Research Directions. By Laudan Y. Aron and Janine M. Zweig. (The Urban Institute, Washington, DC) 2003. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410898_vulnerable_youth.pdf

["Non-college-bound youth and those who have not done well in traditional public schools have largely been left behind by the high-stakes assessment movement and its high academic standards. This report examines the need for alternative education for such vulnerable youth and describes the numbers and characteristics of young people who disconnect from mainstream developmental pathways. It suggests the beginnings of a typology that defines and organizes the varieties of educational alternatives. A summary of findings from a roundtable on directions for future research on alternative education is included."]

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K - 12 EDUCATION

The Distribution of K-12 Education General Purpose Funds. By the Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) December 2003. 26 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2003/k12_fund_distribution/K12_General_Purpose_Funds_122203.pdf

["The K-12 revenue limit formula distributed more than $28 billion in resources to school districts in 2002-03. We document the components of the revenue limit formula and how they affect the distribution of general purpose funds to school districts. We also recommend that the Legislature consolidate most of the existing revenue limit adjustments into one new general purpose grant which would make K-12 funding much easier to understand."]

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PUBLIC SCHOOLS

Vital Voices: Building Constituencies for Public School Reform. By Janice M. Hirota, University of Chicago, and Lauren E. Jacobs, Academy for Educational Development. (The Academy, New York, New York) 2003. 124 p.

Full Text at: scs.aed.org/vitalreport.pdf

["This report draws from in-depth interviews with seven grantees of the Ford Foundation's Constituency Building for Public School Reform Initiative. Using examples from these projects, the authors lay out the goals and challenges for mobilizing and shaping public school reform on a local level." Youth Today (November 2003) 34.]

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SCHOOL BUILDINGS

Are Portable Classrooms Unhealthy? By Whitney Webber, Children's Health Environmental Coalition. (The Coalition, Princeton, New Jersey) 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.checnet.org/healthehouse/education/articles-detail-print.asp?Main_ID=657

["While portables may be cheaper and easier to procure than traditional classrooms ... they can also pose a safety hazard.... As portable classrooms age, they begin to deteriorate, showing signs of lack of maintenance, such as mold and mildew. Formaldehyde, mold, and other harmful pollutants persist in the indoor air, affecting the health of teachers and students." Public Education Network Weekly (November 7, 2003) 2.]

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SCHOOL FINANCE

The Funding Gap: Low-Income and Minority Students Still Receive Fewer Dollars in Many States. By Kevin Carey, the Education Trust. (The Trust, Washington, DC) 2003.

["This report finds that school districts that educate the greatest number of low-income and minority students receive substantially less state and local money per student than districts with the fewest low-income and minority students. The report also finds, however, that most states have made some progress in closing such funding gaps."]

Full Report. 15 p.:
http://www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/EE004C0A-D7B8-40A6-8A03-1F26B8228502/0/funding2003.pdf

Technical Appendix. 7 p.:
http://www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/9ADC1730-C0FD-43B3-9C89-5E43E034B6D9/0/FundingGap2003TechAppendix.pdf

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TEACHING STANDARDS

Improving Teaching Quality Through Teacher Professional Standards Boards. By Michelle Exstrom, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 28, No. 13. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2003. 32 p.

["It appears that policymakers generally support standards boards, given that 44 states now have an advisory or autonomous board in place to govern or regulate the teaching profession.... With the new requirements of the federal No Child Left Behind Act ... policymakers likely will look to standards boards to play a key role in advising or implementing policy to meet that goal."]

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EMPLOYMENT

RETIREMENT

Baby Boomers' Retirement Prospects: An Overview. By the Congressional Budget Office, U.S. Congress. A CBO Study. (The Office, Washington, DC) 2003. 46 p.

["Baby Boomers Short on Savings; Federal Review Finds Nearly Half Won't Be Able to Maintain Standard of Living in Retirement: Many low-income individuals will have to rely mainly on Social Security. The savings shortfall should prompt Congress to create more tax credits and accounts that encourage saving among all income groups." Los Angeles Times ( December 3, 2003) 4.]

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SEXUAL HARASSMENT

State Department of Health Services v. Superior Court of Sacramento County. California Supreme Court. S103487. November 24, 2003. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S103487.PDF

["The California Supreme Court made it tougher for victims of sexual harassment in the workplace to recover damages against their bosses.... The ruling did not provide broad insulation against harassment lawsuits to California employers.... But employers can avoid paying damages -- or limit the amount -- if a victim of harassment fails to take steps to notify an employer of harassing conduct in a timely fashion. That is particularly the case if an employer can show it has established firm anti-harassment strategies in the workplace." San Jose Mercury News (November 25, 2003) B1.]

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UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS

Do Recent Improvements in the Labor Market Justify Ending The Federal Unemployment Benefits Program? By Isaac Shapiro, Center On Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) December 18, 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/12-18-03ui.pdf

["For the time being, Congress has let the federal Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation (TEUC) program expire.... Opponents of its continuation — including key Republican House leaders — have argued that recent improvements in the economy and the labor market show the program is no longer needed.... This analysis examines that argument, in part by comparing the health of the labor market today to its health when the TEUC program began in March 2002, as well as by assessing today’s labor market relative to the labor market when the temporary federal unemployment benefits program of the early 1990s was ended."]

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UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

Access to Employment-Based Insurance Among Welfare Recipients in Los Angeles County: Offering, Eligibility and Participation. By Paul M. Ong and Shannon McConville, The Ralph and Goldy Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies, University of California, Los Angeles. Community Service Projects Papers. Paper 03. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 43 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1034&context=lewis

["This report combines analysis of firm-level insurance data with welfare and employment information to explore the availability of employment-based insurance for welfare recipients who are transitioning into the labor market in Los Angeles county. Multiple data sources are utilized to provide information from the perspective of both the welfare recipients who are transitioning into the labor market and the firms that employ them."]

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WORKERS COMPENSATION

Evaluation of California's Permanent Disability Rating Schedule: Interim Report. By Robert T. Reville and others, Rand Institute for Civil Justice. Prepared for the California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation. Documented Briefing. DB-443-ICJ. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) December 2003. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/DB/DB443/DB443.pdf

["Cut Costs With Three Reforms: Subjective Injury Ratings Bring on Extra Litigation: California employers suffer the highest premiums for workers' compensation in the nation. If that wasn't bad enough, the benefits package workers receive from the $29 billion investment is woefully lacking." San Jose Mercury News (December 11, 2003) 1.]

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ENERGY

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Responding to the Natural Gas Crisis: America's Best Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Programs. By Martin Kushler and others, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. (The Council, Washington, DC) December 2003. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.aceee.org/utility/ngbestprac/u035.pdf

["A new report profiles more than 30 outstanding natural gas efficiency programs from around the nation, which states and utilities can use as models as they respond to rising natural gas prices. The profiled programs cover all customer sectors and all major natural gas end-users, and range from low-income residential programs to industrial 'custom' efficiency programs." eNewswire (December 17, 2003) 1.]

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

Competing the Management and Operations Contracts for DOE's National Laboratories: Draft. By the Blue Ribbon Commission on the Use of Competitive Procedures for the Department of Energy Labs. (The Department, Washington, DC) November 24, 2003. 52 p.

Full Text at: www.seab.doe.gov/publications/brcDraftRpt.pdf

["The report was spurred by a DOE decision this Spring to make the university compete to continue running Los Alamos after 60 years as its sole manager -- a move spurred by business and management problems at the New Mexico lab.... A recent Congressional decision forced competition for all contracts older than 50 years, including UC's other labs, Lawrence Livermore and Lawrence Berkeley, a multidisciplinary science lab." Contra Costa Times (December 2, 2003) F4.]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Clean, Green and Genetically Modified? GMOs and the Future of New Zealand. By Daniel Pollak, Ian Axford Fellow in Public Policy, California Research Bureau. (Fulbright New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand) December 3, 2003. 85 p.

Full Text at: www.fulbright.org.nz/voices/axford/docs/pollakd.pdf

["New Zealand has become an important battleground in the global controversey over genetically modified organisms. According to some, allowing the release of GMOs into the environment will be a precipitous blunder that will subject New Zealand to unwarranted environmental, health, economic, and other risks. Others say it is necessary in order to keep New Zealand internationally competitive in agriculture and other biology-based industries, and also to encourage the continued growth of its scientific and technological capacities. This report reviews the new regulatory policies that New Zealand is developing regarding GMOs. It also examines the role of the Royal Commission on Genetic Modification, an independent panel which carried out an extensive inquiry and public consultation process. The Royal Commission's recommendations provided the basis for many of the new policies."]

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CLIMATE CHANGE

"Modern Global Climate Change." By Thomas R. Karl and Kevin E. Trenberth IN: Science, vol. 305, no. 5651 (December 5, 2003) pp. 1719-1723

["Climate Change Laid to Humans, Report Warns: New evidence leaves no doubt that industrial emissions of greenhouse gases are responsible for increasing global temperatures, according to a report by two of the nation's leading atmospheric scientists. The two government experts said that climate change 'may prove to be humanity's greatest challenge' and warned that 'it is very unlikely to be adequately addressed without greatly improved international cooperation and action.'" SFGate.com (December 4, 2003)]

[Request #S9998]

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ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

Environmental Justice for All: A Fifty-State Survey of Legislation, Policies, and Initiatives. By Steven Bonorris, Public Law Research Institute, and others. (American Bar Association, Washington, DC) October 2003. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.abanet.org/irr/committees/environmental/statestudy.pdf

["This report identifies the statutes, policies, initiatives, or other commitments that states have undertaken to give force of law and/or tangible meaning to the goal of environmental justice. Importantly, the report finds that from the first policy issued in 1993 to the present more than 30 states have expressly adressed environmental justice, demonstrating increased attention to the issue at a political level. The wide-range and variety of policy strategies and approaches used by states, however, suggests that the issue will continue to mature over the years."]

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WASTE DISPOSAL

California Integrated Waste Management Board: Its New Regulations Establish Rules for Oversight of Construction and Demolition Debris Sites, But Good Communication and Enforcement are Also Needed to Help Prevent Threats to Public Health and Safety. By the Bureau of State Audits, California State Auditor. 2003-113. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 2003. 84 p.

["Crippen Fire Audit Released Shoddy Communication and Lax Oversight Cited: Shoddy communication and lax oversight helped fuel the massive Archie Crippen Excavation fire, according to a state audit report.... Auditor Elaine Howe also scolded several other agencies, whose representatives visited the business before the fire and didn't cite Archie Crippen, the owner, or require him to fix conditions that made the monthlong junk fire more difficult to suppress." Fresno Bee (December 11, 2003) A1.]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

CIVIL SERVICE

Reform Civil Service [Series.] By Thomas Peele. IN: Contra Costa Times (December 21-23, 2003) p. A1+.

["There is a pressing need for major reform of California's state employee disciplinary system. It is highly dysfunctional, protecting incompetent, lazy and unruly employees even when their misconduct is well documented.... A combination of union power and civil service protections gives state employees virtual lifetime job guarantees regardless of performance or behavior." Includes: "Uncivil Servants: State Discipline in Shambles;" "Uncivil Servants: Guards Shackle System Reforms;" "Uncivil Servants -- Solutions: Road to Reform."]

[Request #S1002]

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EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Initial 30-Day Post-Fire Overview, December 3, 2003: Managers Report." By Michael Uberuaga, San Diego City Manager, and others. (The City, San Diego, California) 2003. 42 p.

Full Text at: clerkdoc.sannet.gov/RightSite/getcontent/local.pdf?DMW_OBJECTID=09001451800ab1e5

["As it battled the most destructive fire in city history, the San Diego Fire Department was hampered by a lack of adequate manpower, equipment and training, as well as problems with communication, planning and coordination. The report represent the most comprehensive, candid analysis ever compiled on the effects that years of tight budgets punctuated by cutbacks have had on fire protection in San Diego." Los Angeles Times (December 4,2003) A1.]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant 03-20. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 31, 2003. 3 p.

[Includes: "Charter Schools Program;" "Efficacy Trials of Parenting Programs for Fathers;" "Emerging Technologies for Cancer Research;" "FY 2004 BJA Project Safe Neighborhoods;" "NSF Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education;" and others.]

[Request #S1015]

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GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

Felicia Kay Eastburn, et al. v. Regional Fire Protection Authority, et al. California Supreme Court. S107792. December 18, 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S107792.PDF

["Victims of carelessness by municipal rescue workers or 911 dispatchers cannot, in most cases, sue the city for damages, the state Supreme Court has ruled.... Only gross negligence or acts of 'bad faith' are grounds for a lawsuit.... The court also said it disagreed with an appellate court ruling last year that reinstated a suit against the City of San Francisco over the death of a woman from an asthma attack in 1998." San Francisco Chronicle (December 20, 2003) A18.]

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MANDATES

New Mandates: Analysis of Measures Requiring Reimbursement. By Elizabeth G. Hill, the Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) December 2003. 26 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2003/state_mandates/state_mandates_1203.pdf

["In 2002 and 2003, the Commission on State Mandates determined that 23 sets of state laws impose state-reimbursable mandates on local governments. The commission estimated the state's cost to reimburse local agencies for these mandates is about $400 million. This report reviews the newly identified mandates, and offers recommendations as to whether each mandate should be repealed, funded, suspended, or modified."]

[Request #S1005]

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REDISTRICTING

"The Great Election Grab: When Does Gerrymandering Become a Threat to Democracy?" By Jeffrey Toobin. IN: The New Yorker (December 8, 2003) p. 63-80.

Full Text at: www.newyorker.com/printable/?fact/031208fa_fact

["The framers of the Constitution created the House of Representatives to be the branch of government most responsive to changes in the public mood, but gerrymandered districts mean that most of the four hundred and thirty-five members of Congress never face seriously contested general elections.... The Supreme Court has long held that legislators may not discriminate on the basis of race in redistricting, but the question now before the court is whether, or to what extent, they may consider politics in defining congressional boundaries.".]

[Request #S1006]

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STATE / FEDERAL RELATIONS

"How Much Bang for Your Buck?" IN: State Policy Reports, vol. 21, issue 18 (2003) pp. 14-23.

["States want to know if they gain or lose in their financial relationship with the federal government. The answer depends on the combination of federal spending a state receives and the amount of federal taxes a state's residents pay. It also varies based on who's calculating the results."]

[Request #S1007]

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STATE BUDGET

Overview of the Governor's Budget: 2004-05. By Elizabeth Hill, Legislative Analyst's Office. (LAO, Sacramento, CA) January 13, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2004/budget_overview/130104_budget_overview.pdf

["Governor Schwarzenegger's proposed $99-billion state budget is a solid first step toward a balanced fiscal plan but the state would still be $6 billion short by mid-2005, California's nonpartisan legislative analyst reported.... It also 'would have far-reaching consequences for the scope of state services' without coming to terms with lawmakers' penchant for spending more than the state receives in revenue. She urged lawmakers to consider either raising taxes or removing tax exemptions to increase revenue." Los Angeles Times (January 14, 2004) A1.]

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STATE OF THE STATE

State of the State Address. By California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. (The Office of the Governor, Sacramento, California) January 6, 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: tinyurl.com/258r6

["Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger laid out a grand and personal vision for California in his first State of the State speech, arguing that his natural optimism, celebrity salesmanship and sweeping reform proposals would fix the financial crisis and 'help Californians do great things.'" Los Angeles Times (January 7, 2004) A1.]

[Request #S1008]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

Wired for Health: How Californians Compare to the Rest of the Nation: A Case Study Sponsored by the California Health Care Foundation. By the Pew Internet & American Life Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) December 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/pew_internet_low_income_health.pdf

["This study takes a closer look at how Californians use the Internet to research health information, particularly low-income Internet users and, separately, Latino Internet users. The study finds that poorer Internet users report their health searches helped them with medical issues."]

[Request #S1009]

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National Healthcare Disparities Report 2003: Prepublication Copy. By the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Agency, Rockville, Maryland) December 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.qualitytools.ahrq.gov/disparitiesreport/download_report.aspx

["This represents the first national comprehensive effort to measure differences in access and use of health care services by various populations. The report includes a broad set of performance measures that can serve as baseline views of differences in the use of services, presenting data on the differences in the use of services, access to health care, and impressions of quality for seven clinical conditions, including cancer, diabetes, end-stage renal disease, heart disease, HIV and AIDS, mental health, and respiratory disease as well as data on maternal and child health, nursing home and home health care, and patient safety. It also examines differences in use of services by priority populations."]

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ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

"How Heritable Is Alzheimer's Disease Late in Life? Findings from Swedish Twins." By Nancy Pedersen, Ph.D. and others. IN: Annals of Neurology (December 16, 2003) online.

["Nongenetic Factors Dominate in Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease: Environmental factors, more than a person's genetics, contribute to late-life Alzheimers's disease, according to a new study that suggests the affliction can be avoided in the very old. Analysis of disease rates in identical sets of twins over age 80 revealed that more than 50% of risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer's come from nongenetic contributors such as diet, lifestyle, and viral or bacterial illnesses. Wall Street Journal, (December 16, 2003) online.]

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AUTISM

The Autism Summit Conference: Developing a National Agenda. By the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Education. (The Departments, Washington, D.C.) November 19-20, 2003. Various live webcasts.

Full Text at: www.tvworldwide.com/events/nimh/031119/agenda.cfm

["Landmark Strategy Formed to Treat Autism, Coordination Sought to Aid Afflicted Children: Few of the nearly 150,000 autisic children, ages 3 to 21, currently receiving special education services under federal law will benefit significantly, since most effective treatment involves early, intensive behavior therapy. At the moment, the treatment is poorly understood and in limited supply. But the three-pronged plan sets goals for more coordinated biomedical research, earlier screening and diagnosis, and the development of effective interventions." San Francisco Chronicle (November 19, 2003) A2.]

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CHILDREN

"Soft Drinks in Schools: Policy Statement." By the Committee on School Health, American Academy of Pediatrics. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 1 (January 2004) pp. 152-154.

["The academy identified three potential health consequences; overweight or obesity attributable to additional calories in the diet; displacement of milk consumption, which can result in a calcium deficiency leading to a greater risk of osteoporosis and fractures; and dental cavities and potential enamel erosion." San Francisco Chronicle (January 9, 2004) online.]

[Request #S1024]

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OBESITY

"Neighborhood Playgrounds, Fast Food Restaurants, and Crime: Relationships to Overweight in Low-Income Preschool Children." By Hillary L. Burdette, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Robert C. Whitaker, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. IN: Preventive Medicine, vol. 38, issue 1 (January 2004) pp. 57-63.

["This study examined the relationship between overweight preschool children and environmental factors — the proximity of the children’s residences to playgrounds and to fast food restaurants and the safety of the children’s neighborhoods. The study concluded that the overweight condition was not associated with proximity to playgrounds and fast food restaurants or with the level of neighborhood crime."]

[Request #S9969]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD SUPPORT

Recent Cases on a Variety of TANF/Child Support Issues. By Paula Roberts and Michelle Jordan, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 25, 2003. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1069881513.48/CS_Litigation.pdf

["In the last three years, there have been a number of reported cases dealing with the child support program and its relationship to the federal welfare program. This memo summarizes cases that deal with issues commmonly faced by child support clients and their attorneys." CLASP Announcement (December 12, 2003) 1.]

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Summary of Child Support, Fatherhood, and Marriage Provisions in TANF Reauthorization Bills. By Vicki Turetsky, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2003. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1069881513.48/CS_Litigation.pdf

["Both the Senate Finance Committee and House welfare reauthorization bills include a number of important child support provisions. In addition, both versions would authorize new spending for marriage and fatherhood initiatives and increase spending for access and visitation grants. The report describes these provisions." CLASP Announcement (December 5, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S1011]

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Child Support Gains Some Ground. By Elaine Sorensen, Urban Institute. Snapshots of America's Families. No. 11. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310860_snapshots3_no11.pdf

["36 percent of poor children living with single mothers received child support in 2001, up from 31 percent in 1996. Near-poor children saw child support receipt increase from 45 percent in 1996 to 50 percent in 2001. For poor families receiving child support, it contributed an average of 30 percent of the family's income in 2001."]

[Request #S1012]

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HUNGER

Hunger and Homelessness Survey 2003: A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities; A 25-City Survey. By the U.S. Conference of Mayors. (The Conference, Washington, DC) December 18, 2003. 121 p.

Full Text at: www.mayors.org/uscm/hungersurvey/2003/onlinereport/HungerAndHomelessnessReport2003.pdf

["Homelessness, Hunger Worsen, Mayors' Report Finds Emergency Needs For Food, Shelter Rise For Families: The annual survey found that in nearly all the cities, requests for emergency food assistance have increased by an average of 17 percent over last year, and the demand for emergency shelter rose by an average of 13 percent." Boston Globe (December 19, 2003) A3.]

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Mayors' Claims of Growing Hunger Appear Wildly Exaggerated. By Melissa G. Pardue and others, Heritage Foundation. Backgrounder. No. 1711. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) December 15, 2003. 9 p.

Full Text at: www.heritage.org/Research/Welfare/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=53527

["According to U.S. Conference of Mayor's data, the number of persons receiving emergency food aid is 12 times higher today than in 1986, but the U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that, at present, between 18 million and 24 million persons receive emergency food aid each year."]

[Request #S1016]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol. 10, Bulletin 37. - Vol. 11, Bulletin 1. (The Institute, Washington, DC) December 19, 2003 - January 9, 2004) 18 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1101.pdf

[Includes: "Bipartisan Delegation Urges Use of Defined Criteria In Base Closure Round;" "California Members Ask Navy to Preserve Historic Hanger One at Moffett Field;" "Gilmore Commission Report Urges Targeting of Homeland Security Funds" "Schwarzenegger Budget Cites Federal Shortfall and Burdens, Seeks Support;" "Governor's Budget Addresses Federal Mandates and Sanctions;" "President Bush Proposes New Immigration Policy;" "Senate Transportation Safety Authorization Less Than House Proposal;" and others.] .]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents. Edited by Rachel A. Schurman and Dennis Doyle Takahashi Kelso. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) October 2003. 334 p.

["This book examines [genetically engineered organism] issues from the diverse perspectives of sociology, geography, law, environmental studies, and political science, helping readers make sense of the dynamics of this controversy. Considering cases from the agriculture, forestry, and pharmaceutical sectors, the authors take up some of the most pressing questions raised by genetic engineering." Publisher's Announcement.]

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TECHNOLOGY

Cyberstates 2003. By American Electronics Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) November 19, 2003.

["More than 1 in 5 of the U.S. tech workers who lost their jobs last year were Californians, according to the most comprehensive report yet to quantify the industry's workforce losses. The Golden State bore the brunt of the industry's worst downturn in 20 years. Among the mountain of gloomy statistics in the report, however, is one hopeful finding. The number of tech layoffs in 2003 is forecast to be less than half of last year's total." San Francisco Chronicle (Novemeber 19, 2003) B1.]

[Request #S1026]

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EDUCATION

SPECIAL EDUCATION

Quality Counts 2004. Count Me In: Special Education in an Era of Standards. By Education Week. (Education Week, Bethesda, Maryland) 2004. Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.edweek.org/sreports/qc04/

["This report card on public education examines what the states are doing to test special education students, hold schools accountable for their performance, prepare teachers to educate such students, and pay for special education services. The report found that, in general, the percentage of special education students performing at the proficient level or higher on state tests lagged 30 percentage points or more behind that of general education students -- a important gap in light of the performance goals of the federal No Child Left Behind Act. The report also updates Education Week's annual report cards on education in the 50 states and the District of Columbia and presents extensive state-by-state data on a wide range of education policies."]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

"Cardiovascular Mortality and Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution. Epidemiological Evidence of General Pathophysiological Pathways of Disease." By C. Arden Pope III and others. IN: Circulation, vol. 109 (2004) pp. 71-77.

["Study Links Soot to Heart Disease, Low-Grade Inflamation Trigger Defense Mechanisms That Tend to Clog Arteries: New research on the health effects of air pollution showed for the first time that tiny airborne soot particles such as those produced by power plants and diesel engines can be directly related to certain types of heart disease. The findings, part of the largest air-pollution study done to date, show how 'low grade inflammation' caused by soot imbedded in the human lung triggers defense mechanisms that tend to clog arteries and lead to chest pain, irregular rhythms and heart attacks. Wall Street Journal (December 16, 2003) [online].]

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BIODIVERSITY

Farming With the Wild: Enhancing Biodiversity on Farms and Ranches. By Dan Imhoff and Roberto Carra. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) 2003. 182 p.

["Though it is not widely recognized, modern industrial agriculture plays a major role in the rampant decline in biodiversity in the United States.... Fortunately, a new vision for a more environmentally beneficial and sustainable agriculture is emerging.... Farming With the Wild offers vivid profiles of more than thirty innovative farms, ranches and organizations in the U.S." NOTE: Farming with the Wild ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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