Subject: Studies in the News 04-13 (February 25, 2004)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

February 25, 1854 - "On 25 February 1854, Governor Bigler signed the bill calling for the new state capital to be at Sacramento. The very same day, everything was loaded up, legislators, governor, and all the baggage, onto the steamer, Wilson G. Hunt, for the voyage to Sacramento. [In Benecia] when the Fifth session began on 2 January 1854, it was reported that over 100 men had no place to sleep except in saloons and once again talk began of a change. It was about this time that the city of Sacramento made a generous proposal. They offered the spacious Sacramento County courthouse, many additional rooms, a fireproof vault and free moving for all legislators and belongings as well as the furnishings. They also included a building site for a new capitol building."    

February 25, 1854 - "The journey of California's Capitol to its final location in Sacramento took five years. Even after Sacramento became the permanent seat of California's government in 1854, there were several unsuccessful efforts to relocate the Capitol to Oakland (1858-59), San Jose (1875-78, 1893, and 1903), Berkeley (1907), and Monterey (1933-41)."    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Regional indicators for Central Valley
   Silicon Valley poised for upturn
   Job losses in Sacramento region
   Economic declines in southern California
   HIV in prisons
   Drug testing and probation reform
   Implications of incarceration for families
   Families influence on youth victimization
   Criticisms of the youth authority
   Latino television viewing
   Fostering biotech in California
   Ranking California's tax burden
   Outsourcing software programming jobs
   American competitiveness and outsourcing
   Software development outsourcing to India
   Commentary on current economic conditions
   Federal economic forecast
   Forces contributing to economic slowdown
   Increased use of educational paraprofessionals
   Home-based charter schools
   School fundraising for basics
   Family resources and college enrollment
   Relocatable classrooms
   Value of high school diploma
   Highly-qualified teachers
   Wal-Mart supercenters and local communities
   Environmentally responsible buildings
   Fewer, bigger farms
   The future of CALFED
   Promoting investment in green technologies
   Supressed and distorted scientific analysis
   President's FY 2005 budget
   LIHEAP emergency funds depleted
   Proposition 56 and California's budget process
   State budget analysis and perspectives
   Voting software vulnerabilities
   Resolution on electronic voting
   Perils of electronic voting
   Noncitizens and voting in California
   Disabilities found among younger adults
   Increased costs for fewer benefits
   Uninsured rates among women
   Medi-Cal facts and figures
   Growth in Section 8 housing
   Steep annual increase in housing prices
   Child care assistance and budget shortfalls
   Child care cuts and federal budget
   Barriers and services to families
   Weakening system of support for families
   Commuter and freight rail access
   Revenues and spending on public art
   Girls, race and identity
   Job creation in California
   Consequences of legislative gridlock
   Asian-American children and health care
   Inappropriate medication prescriptions for elderly
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in Californiaís Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Libraryís website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:


The State of the Great Central Valley of California: Assessing the Region Via Indicators: Education and Youth Preparedness. By the Great Valley Center. (The Center, Modesto, California) February 2004. 36 p.

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["County Youths Face a Tough Time: Young people in the Central Valley are more likely to become teenage parents or to live in poverty, and less likely to graduate from high school than children and teenagers elsewhere in California.... This report ... is a wake-up call for people to realize if the Valley is going to come out of poverty, and if we are going to really be part of California's economic progress, we really need to focus on our youth.' said Richard Cummings, director of research." Tulare Advance-Register (February 4, 2004) 1A.]

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Joint Venture's 2004 Index of Silicon Valley: Measuring Progress Toward the Goals 0f Silicon Valley 2010. By Doug Henton and others. (Joint Venture, San Jose, California ) 2004. 44 p.

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["Silicon Valley's job losses are slowing dramatically, according to a report, suggesting the region is poised for another upturn.... The report says the Valley's traditional strength -- computer technology -- could find itself sharing the marquee with new health sciences business.... The Valley's deep slump has been a drag on the entire state, keeping unemployment relatively high and worsening the state's budget deficit." Sacramento Bee (January 20,2004) 1.]

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Forecast of the Sacramento Region. By the California Institute for County Government, California State University, Sacramento. (The Institute, Sacramento, California) December 2003. Various pagings.

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["In spite of improving economic performance nationally, the Sacramento region's economic deceleration continued throughout the fall, with modest job losses at a seasonally adjusted rate of just over 1 percent. By November 2003, the region was losing jobs at a seasonally adjusted rate of 0.7 percent. During the coming twelve months, our forecast calls for continuing job losses in the Sacramento region through the spring, followed by a return to positive job growth starting next summer."]

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The State of the Region 2003: Measuring Progress in the 21st Century. By the Southern California Association of Governments. (The Association, Los Angeles, California) December 2003. Various pagings.

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["Weak Leadership Is To Blame for Decline in Region: The study found that the six county region has experienced a declining quality of life over the past decade, particularly when compared to the rest of the nation.... Students scored below the national average. Traffic got worse. We logged more bad air days. We lost thousands of jobs that weren't replaced, so unemployment increased. Even our personal income is declining, with a per-capita income below the national level." Daily News of Los Angeles (February 6, 2004) N18.]

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HIV in Prisons, 2001. By Laura M. Maruschak, Bureau of Justice System Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. NCJ 202293. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) January 2004. 8 p.

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["This bulletin provides the number of HIV-positive and active AIDS cases among prisoners held in each State and the Federal prison system at year end 2001. The annual report includes data on the number of AIDS-related deaths, a breakdown for women and men with AIDS, and comparisons to AIDS rates in the general population." Children of Prisoners (January 11, 2004) online.]

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Opportunities and Barriers in Probation Reform: A Case Study of Drug Testing and Sanctions. By Mark A. R. Kleiman and others, Policy Research Program, University of California. (The Program, Berkeley, California) 2003. 35 p.

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["The combination of testing and sanctions, sometimes called 'coerced abstinence,' has important advantages over the currently more fashionable approach of coerced treatment.... A consistent program of testing and sanctions for illicit drug use should be a centerpiece of probation supervision for drug-involved offenders."]

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The Implications of Incarceration for Children and Families. By J. A. Arditti and others, Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health. Data Trends. No. 91. (The Center, Portland, Oregon) January 2004. 2 p.

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["This paper explores the experiences of children and families when a parent is incarcerated. The authors discuss the need for greater attention to services and policy development for this population."]

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How Families and Communities Influence Youth Victimization. By Janet L. Lauritsen, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. NCJ 201629. (The Office, Washington, DC) 2003. 12 p.

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["This publication examines individual, family, and community factors that can contribute to nonlethal violent victimization among U.S. youth ages 12 to 17. The Bulletin draws on data from the National Crime Victimization Survey."]

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Questions from the Attorney General's Office and Related Findings. By Eric W. Trupin and others. Prepared for the Office of the California Attorney General. (The Prison Law Office, San Quentin, California) February 2004. Various pagings.

["Experts Find State Youth Facilities Harsh, Violent: In five reports ... on the California Youth Authority, experts who studied the system for up to a year described conditions where danger is constant and violence is commonplace. Approximately 75 percent of the male wards belong to gangs, and gang-related assaults occur every day." Contra Costa Times (February 3, 2004) F4. Includes: "Report of Findings of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Services to Youth in California Youth Authority Facilities;" "Review of Health Care Services in the California Youth Authority;" "Education Program Review of California Youth Authority;" "Evaluation of Sex Offender Programs: California Youth Authority;" and "General Corrections Review of the California Youth Authority."]

Mental Health. 23 p.:

Health Care Services. 78 p.:

Education Program. 53 p.

Sex Offender Programs. 86 p.

General Review. 83 p.:

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Latino Television Study. By Rincon and Associates. Prepared for National Latino Media Coalition. (Rincon and Associates, Dallas, Texas) February 1, 2004. 236 p.

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["The study concludes that despite the growing Latino presence in the United States (currently at 39 million in the U.S. and 4 million in Puerto Rico,) and with an estimated buying power of close to $653 billion, Latino television viewers, especially those who watch English-language television, are severely undercounted by Nielsen Media Research."]

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Jumpstarting California's Economy by Fostering Biotechnology Growth: Hearing. Presented to the Assembly Select Committee on Biotechnology. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 5, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Background Paper," and "California Tax Policy and Biotechnology."]

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Ranking California. By Scott A. Hodge, Tax Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2003. 1 p.

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["As Californians face a March ballot measure that would make it easier for lawmakers to raise taxes, a national anti-tax group reminded voters that the state already carries one of the nation's highest tax burdens. Even as the national rate decreased, the tax burden on average Californians has increased steadily in the past decade to make them higher-taxed than their counterparts in all but seven other states." Los Angeles Daily News (December 31, 2003) N1.]

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"Software Programming Jobs are Heading Overseas by the Thousands. Is There a Way for the U.S. to Stay on Top?" By Stephen Baker and Manjeet Kripalani. IN: Business Week (March 1, 2004)

["U.S. software programmers' career prospects, once dazzling, are now in doubt... Gartner Inc. figures that by yearend, 1 of every 10 jobs in U.S. tech companies will move to emerging markets."]

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Offshore Outsourcing and the Future of American Competitiveness: Speech. By Bruce P. Mehlman, Assistant Secretary for Technology Policy, U. S. Department of Commerce. (The Department, Washington, DC) 2003. 15 p.

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["The quality and intensity of global competition is likely to increase. Foreign nations will continue to work to make their business climates and infrastructures more attractive to global innovation leaders, and many will retain a labor cost advantage for the foreseeable future."]

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Do What You Do Best, Outsource the Rest? By Thomas F. Siems, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and Adam S. Ratner, DePauw University. Southwest Economy. (The Bank, Dallas, Texas) November/December 2003. 2 p.

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["Businesses in India and elsewhere are developing an important competitive advantage in outsourcing by providing quality services at low costs. In the Internet Age -- where a company's physical location is of little relevance and information travels quickly and cheaply -- firms will continue to boost productivity and keep costs low by doing what they do best and outsourcing the rest. And consumers reap the benefits."]

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The Beige Book: Summary of Commentary on Current Economic Conditions. By Federal Reserve District. (The Federal Reserve Bank, Kansas City, Kansas) January 14, 2004. 30 p.

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["Economy Shows Improvement: The economy continues to grow stronger, particularly in the San Francisco district, the Federal Reserve Board said in a report.... Consumer spending was strong in most districts and holiday retail sales contributed significantly to the economy's improvement." Bond Buyer (January 15, 2004) 3.]

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Sizing Up the Beige Book: New Commentary on the Fed's Economic Survey. By Dean Baker, Financial Markets Center. Beige Book Review and Analysis. (The Center, Philomont, Virginia) January 14, 2004. 3 p.

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["Beige Book Review and Analysis is published the same day the Beige Book is released.... It monitors general economic conditions in the U.S. and assesses distinctive information contained in -- or missing from -- the Fed report."]

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Economic Report of the President. By the Council of Economic Advisors. (The Whitehouse, Washington, DC) February 2004. 411 p.

["The report contains a detailed diagnosis of the forces the White House says are contributing to America's economic slowdown.... The president's report endorses the relatively new phenomenon of outsourcing high-end, white-collar work to India and other countries.... His advisors acknowledge that international trade and foreign outsourcing have contributed to the job slump.... Although trade expansion inevitably hurts some domestic workers, the benefits eventually will outweigh the costs as Americans are able to buy cheaper goods and services and as new jobs are created in growing sectors of the economy, the report said."]

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Midterm Report on the Status of State Efforts to Assist Paraprofessionals in Meeting No Child Left Behind Requirements. By The American Federation of Teachers. (The Federation, Washington, DC) January 8, 2004. Various pagings.

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["Most states are not on schedule to meet a 2006 deadline in the No Child Left Behind Act that requires them to raise standards for hundreds of thousands of paraprofessionals who work with disadvantaged students, a report from the American Federation of Teachers finds. The report rates Illinois and New York as the only states 'very well-prepared' to meet the deadline." Education Commission of the States (February 2, 2004) online.]

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Cyber and Home School Charter Schools: How States are Defining New Forms of Public Schooling. By Luis A. Huerta, Teachers College, Columbia University, and Maria-Fernanda Gonzalez, University of California, Berkeley. (National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, New York, New York) January 8, 2004. 61 p.

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["Over the past five years, approximately 60 cyber-charter schools -- serving more than 16,000 students -- have been started in 15 states, and 52,000 additional students are enrolled in home school charters. This paper examines key policy issues that have developed in states where 'nonclassroom-based' charter schools operate." Education Commission of the States (February 2, 2004) online.]

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"Parent Poll: Schools Using Fund Raising for Basics." By Marianne D. Hurst. IN: Education Week (January 21, 2004) Online.

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["Sixty-eight percent of parents from schools that engage in fund raising said the money is used to pay for such basic needs as classroom equipment, textbooks, and school supplies, a poll has found. Among other findings, it indicates that nearly 50 percent of the parents polled said their schools are using fund raising proceeds to pay for items normally covered by state funding. Such figures are the result of reduced state and local budgets." Public Education Network (January 23, 2004) 3.]

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"Family Resources and College Enrollment." By Bhashkar Mazumder. IN: Economic Perspectives, vol. 27, no. 4 (Fourth Quarter 2003) pp. 30-41.

["This article reviews the literature on the effects of family income and tuition costs on college enrollment and finds mixed evidence in support of tuition subsidies. The author also presents new evidence showing that college enrollment is especially sensitive to income for families with modest amounts of wealth, suggesting that borrowing constraints may be a factor in lifting access to higher education."]

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High Performance Commercial Building Systems. By Leo Rainer, Davis Energy Group, and Michael G. Apte, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and others. Prepared for the Public Interest Energy Research Program, California Energy Commission. HPCBS#E6P2 1T1b. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) January 2, 2002. 30 p.

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["Relocatable Classrooms Can Be Designed For Improved Energy Efficiency: A recent field study of four new high-performance relocatable classrooms in two California school districts showed that it is possible to simultaneously increase the indoor environmental quality and energy efficiency of these portable units." E-Newswire (January 7, 2004.]

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Ready or Not: Creating a High School Diploma That Counts. By the American Diploma Project. Prepared for Achieve, Inc., The Education Trust, and the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation. (The Project, Washington, DC) February 2004. 128 p.

Full Text at:$file/ADPreport.pdf

["The report charges that employers and postsecondary institutions 'all but ignore the diploma, knowing that it often serves as little more than a certificate of attendance,' because 'what it takes to earn one is disconnected from what it takes for graduates to compete successfully beyond high school'.... 'For too many graduates, the American high school diploma signifies only a broken promise,' the groups, which favor standardized testing to improve education, say..... The solution, they say, is to adopt rigorous national standards that will turn the high school diploma into a 'common national currency.' New York Times (February 10, 2004) A1.]

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Meeting the Highly Qualified Teachers Challenge: The Secretary's Second Annual Report on Teacher Quality. By the Office of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Department of Education. (The Office, Washington, DC) 2003. 94 p. And Telling the Whole Truth (or Not) About Highly Qualified Teachers. By The Education Trust. (The Trust, Washington, DC) December 2003. 12 p.

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["How 'Qualified' A Teacher Is Varies by State: In 23 states, teachers don't need a college degree in the subject they teach.... The Education Department hasn't raised public objections to the states' glowing teacher-quality reports, even though a massive survey raises doubts about the reports' accuracy. In an analysis of that survey, the Education Trust found that 30% of Ohio's high-school classes were taught by teachers who didn't have even a minor in the subject they were teaching. That number rose to 42% in schools with lots of poor kids. But in its teacher-quality report, Ohio said that 82% of its classes are taught by highly qualified teachers." Wall Street Journal (January 16, 2004) A7.]

Telling the Whole Truth. 12 p.:

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Everyday Low Wages: The Hidden Price We All Pay for Wal-Mart. By the Democratic Staff of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives. Prepared for George Miller (D-CA). (The Committee, Washington, DC) February 16, 2004. 25 p.

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["Plans by Wal-Mart to introduce 40 Supercenters into California are behind the bitter 4-month-old grocery store strike in Southern California, where supermarkets are demanding that workers assume a greater share of health care costs, U.S. Representative George Miller (D-CA) said. Miller released a report ... detailing how nonunionized Wal-Mart, the largest employer in both the United States and Mexico, allegedly imposes financial burdens on local governments." San Francisco Chronicle (February 17, 2004) A1.]

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Green Guidelines for Healthcare Construction: Draft. By American Society for Healthcare Engineering. (Healthcare Trade Group, Washington, DC) December 2003. 159 p.

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["Green Guidelines for Health Care Construction (GGHC)[is a tool] which provides the healthcare industry with a self-certifying tool that designers, owners and operators can use to evaluate their progress in creating high-performance environments that are socially and environmentally responsible. The guidelines include a whole host of energy efficiency recommendations from tankless water heaters to low-flow faucets and toilets to cool roofs and other building envelope improvements." e-News Wire (February 4, 2004) 2.]

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2002 Census of Agriculture: Preliminary. By the National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. (The Service, Washington, DC) February 3, 2004. 153 p.

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["California farms are getting bigger while at the same time there are fewer of them, according to a report by the Department of Agriculture.... Since 1997, the number of California farms selling more than $500,000 in goods rose 3.5 percent. But the number of operators in every other sales volume category fell. The number of California farms that sold $25,000 to $499,000 in goods fell 6 percent, and farms grossing $24,999 or less in the five-year span between surveys dropped 14 percent." Sacramento Bee (February 7, 2004) D1.]

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Restoring the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta: Where Do We Go From Here?: Hearing. Presented to Senate Agriculture and Water Resources Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 17, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes; "The CALFED Plan: Making It Happen," "Press Release: Senator Machado Introduces Bill to Prohibit Increased Pumping, Protecting State Water Quality," "Various newspaper articles," "Various newspaper editorials," "Update on the Improved Delta Improvement Package," "Written Answers of Walter Bishop, Contra Costa Water District," "Written Answers of Thomas Graff, Environmental Defense," and "Comments of Hoopa Valley Tribal Council."]

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State Treasurer Phil Angelides Launches 'Green Wave' Environmental Investment Initiative to Bolster Financial Returns, Create Jobs and Clean Up the Environment: Press Release. By the Office of the State Treasurer. (The Office, Sacramento, California) February 3, 2004.

["State Treasurer Phil Angelides launched an initiative to promote investment in environmentally friendly technologies and companies. The so-called Green Wave initiative asks the boards of the California Public Employees' Retirement System and the California State Teachers' Retirement System to together invest $1 billion in stock funds that specialize in companies with good environmental track records. In addition, $500 million of the pensions' combined $250-billion portfolios would provide venture capital to promote the growth of companies creating cutting-edge 'clean' technology." Los Angeles Times (February 4, 2004) C2.]

Press release. 4 p.:

Fact sheet. 6 p.:

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Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: An Investigation into the Bush Administration's Misuse of Science. By the Union of Concerned Scientists. (The Union, Washington, DC) February 18, 2004. 46 p.

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["In an unusually harsh critique of White House policy-making, the scientists signed a joint statement accusing the administration of systematically distorting research findings, disbanding scientific advisory panels, ignoring or demoting its own staff experts and misleading the public on issues ranging from lead poisoning to climate change. The statement accompanied a lengthy report detailing example after example of what it called 'the Bush administration's misuse of science.'" San Francisco Chroncile (February 19, 2004) A7.]

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President's FY 2005 Budget: What's Old is New. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 9, 2004. 13 p. Tables.

["The budget includes substantial increased spending for defense and homeland security while holding remaining discretionary programs at 0.5 growth.... Unlike last year, the budget proposes significant reforms to the federal budget process. This budget brief describes the major proposals of importance to states."]

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Hope for Perfect Weather: LIHEAP Emergency Funds Depleted. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 11, 2004. 2 p.

["The U.S Department of Health and Human Services released $99.4 million in fiscal year 2004 Low Income Home Emergency Assistance Program (LIHEAP) emergency funds. The emergency funds will help states to assist low-income households facing increases in heating fuel prices as well as the colder-than-normal January weather. States can use these funds for any purpose authorized under LIHEAP, including heating assistance, crisis assistance, weatherization and administrative costs."]

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What Would Proposition 56 Mean For the State's Budget Process? By Jean Ross, California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 8 p.

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["Proposition 56 Would Pass State Budget With 55 Percent Majority: The measure, aiming to break a pattern of gridlock, indecision and deficits, would also make lawmakers and the governor work without pay until they produce a budget.... California's two-thirds requirement to pass a state budget ... [is] 'out of step now for a state of California's size and complexity,' argues Jean Ross. 'Look at the other states [Arkansas and Rhode Island] that have supermajority votes. They are not the large diverse places that California is.'" Associated Press & Local Wire (February 4, 2004)1.]

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Analysis of the 2004-05 Budget Bill. The 2004-05 Budget: Perspectives and Issues. And Highlights. By Elizabeth Hill, Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) February 18, 2004.

["The governor's budget assumes the state would end the coming fiscal year with a slight surplus if his proposals are all enacted. (Legislative Analyst Elizabeth) Hill said her office projects lower revenues and higher expenses that would leave the state slightly in the red come year's end. She said the plan relies on some risky solutions that would saddle the state with an even wider gulf between spending and revenue if they failed to materialize. Hill offered the cautionary appraisal in her annual comprehensive analysis of the budget." Sacramento Bee (February 19, 2004) A1.

Analysis of the 2004-05 Budget Bill. Various pagings.:

Perspectives and Issues. 252 p.:

Highlights. 20 p.:

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Trusted Agent Report: Diebold AccuVote-TS Voting System. By Rava Innovative Solution Cell (RiSC) Technologies. Prepared for the Maryland Department of Legislative Services. (The Department, Annapolis, Maryland) January 2004. 25 p.

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["Could Someone Hack an Election? Yes, according to a report presented to the Maryland Legislature.... Maryland hired Raba's computer scientists to hack into its Diebold electronic voting system. The researchers found that software vulnerabilities could allow a saboteur to vote multiple times or tamper with computer code to steal an election."]

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Resolution on Electronic Voting. By David Dill, Stanford University. (, Palo Alto, California) 2004. Various pagings.

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["In response to the need to upgrade outdated election systems, many states and communities are considering acquiring 'Direct Recording Electronic' (DRE) voting machines.... Deployment of new voting machines that do not provide a voter-verifiable audit trail should be halted, and existing machines should be replaced or modified to produce ballots that can be checked independently by the voter before being submitted, and cannot be altered after submission."]

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"Electronic Voting's Hidden Perils." By Elise Ackerman. IN: San Jose Mercury News, (February 1, 2004) A1+

["Electronic Voting's Hidden Perils: When Californians go to the polls next month to choose a presidential candidate, many voters will cast a virtual ballot by pressing a computer touch screen that records their votes digitally. The only tangible proof that a citizen has voted -- and how he voted -- will be fingerprints left on the machine's screen.... It raises another peril: that a digital ballot box might miscount votes without anyone noticing.... Until voting machines produce paper receipts, the only way a candidate can investigate questionable election results is by examining the voting systems' software code."]

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Political Apartheid in California: Consequences of Excluding a Growing Noncitizen Population. By Joaquin Avila, UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center. Latino Policy and Issues Brief. No. 9. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) December 2003. 4 p.

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["A UCLA study says the state constitution should be amended so California's 4.6 million noncitizen adults can vote in local elections. Nearly one-fifth of the state's adults are noncitizens and in 12 cities they form the majority, according to the study." Sacramento Bee (December 11, 2003) A9.]

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"Are the Young Becoming More Disabled?" By Darius N. Lakdawalla and others. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 23, no. 1 (January/Febuary 2004) pp. 168-176.

["Obesity Blamed as Disability Rates Soar for Those Under 60: Disability rates rose sharply between 1984 and 2000 among Americans, probably because of the rise in obesity, while they declined among elderly Americans, according to a new study.... Disability from musculoskeletal problems, mostly back-related, and from diabetes are growing more rapidly than those from other ailments." Los Angeles Times (January 9, 2004) 1.]

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"A Case of Neglect: Why Health Care Is Getting Worse, Even Though Medicine Is Getting Better." By Katherine Barrett and others. IN: Governing (February 2004)

["In the past two years, all 50 states have reduced or frozen Medicaid provider payments or undertaken other cost-cutting measures in an effort to keep their Medicaid costs under control. The result has been noticeable ó following a 12.8 percent increase in costs in 2002, the rate of growth fell to 9.3 percent in 2003. But states do have resources as they face this epidemic of problems on the health care front. In fact, a number of them are managing to come up with successful solutions in the face of daunting problems."]

Public Health: Costs of Complacency. 10 p.:

Mental Health: Promise Unfulfilled. 11 p.:

Long-Term Care: The Ticking Bomb. 9 p.:

Children's Care: Sudden Reversal. 10 p.:

Prescription Drugs: Bitter Pills. 9 p.:

Insurance Coverage: Access Denied. 8 p.:

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Health Insurance Coverage of Women Ages 18-64, by State, 2001-2002. By Kaiser Family Foundation. Fact Sheet: Women's Health Policy Facts. (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) February 2004. 2 p.

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["Nationally, 17.7% of women ages 18 to 64 are uninsured. Among the states, the uninsured rate varies considerably. Among low-income women with incomes below 200% of poverty, more than one-third are uninsured.... Rates of uninsured low-income women in the states range from a low of 18.9% in Massachusetts to a high of 50% in Texas."]

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Medi-Cal Facts and Figures: A Look at California's Medicaid Program. By the California HealthCare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) January 2004. 51 p.

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["This document highlights the most important aspects of Medi-Cal. The topics covered are: Overview; Eligibility; Enrollment; Benefits; Service Delivery; Expenditures; Beneficiary Experiences; Importance of Medi-Cal; Medi-Cal and Other States [and] Medi-Cal and the State Budget."]

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Nearly All Recent Section 8 Growth Results From Rising Housing Costs And Congressional Decisions To Serve More Needy Families. By Barbara Sard and Will Fischer, Center for Budget Policies and Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 2004. 5 p

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["The great majority of recent Section 8 spending growth has been due to two factors: (1) Congressional decisions to expand the program to serve more of the families eligible for it; and (2) a widening of the gap between housing costs and the incomes of low-income families, especially during the recent economic downturn. The good news is that the Congressional Budget Office and other analysts expect the growth in voucher costs to slow markedly in the next few years, due primarily to the cooling of the housing market."]

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Solid Southland Home Sales: Press Release. By Dataquick. (Dataquick, San Diego, California) February 18, 2004. 2 p.

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["The Los Angeles County housing market is hot and prices are at a new high. In January, the median home price hit $343,000. That was 21.2% more than the median of $279,00 a year ago.... Year-over-year increases have exceeded 20% every month since July." Los Angeles Times (February 20, 2004)1.]

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Child Care Programs Help Parents Find and Keep Jobs: Funding Shortfalls Leave Many Families Without Assistance. By Jennifer Mezey, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 10, 2004. 11 p.

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["Child care subsidies help low-income families work and leave welfare, but funding shortfalls are forcing states to enact restrictive policies that are hurting poor families and efforts to promote their employment and earnings. The Administrationís recently proposed FY 2005 budget would make this situation even worse. This paper includes excerpts from recent press coverage about child care restrictions and cutbacks in 15 states."]

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Reversing Direction on Welfare Reform: President's Budget Cuts Child Care For More Than 300,000 Children. By Jennifer Mezey and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 10, 2004. 3 p.

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["The Administrationís proposed budget estimates that the number of children receiving child care already fell by 100,000 over the last year, and will fall by another 200,000 over the next five years, resulting in a decline from 2.5 million children in FY 2003 to 2.2 million in FY 2009. This analysis shows that the Administrationís estimate is an understatement; in fact, the number of children receiving child care assistance would decline by 447,000 between FYs 2003 and 2009."]

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Providing Comprehensive, Integrated Social Services to Vulnerable Children and Families: Are There Legal Barriers at the Federal Level to Moving Forward? By Rutledge Q. Hutson, Center for Law and Social Policy. Cross-Systems Innovation Project. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 2004. 39 p.

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["Social service providers increasingly recognize that families often have complex needs and require the services of more than one program. Researcher Rutledge Hutson finds numerous barriers to providing comprehensive, integrated services to children and families -- but few are the result of federal law. Administrators and policymakers need a process to identify the chief barriers, a first step in building a foundation for cross-program integration." Connect for Kids (February 23, 2004) Online.]

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The Real State of the Union: How the Administration's and Congress' Irresponsible Choices Failed Low-Income Families and Workers in 2003. By Coalition on Human Needs. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) January 2004. 6 p.

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["While the economy is recovering for some people, the Coalition on Human Needs finds that many families are really hurting. Many families still face unprecedented long-term unemployment, a weakening system of health care coverage, and poor investments in child care, job training, affordable housing and other supports that enable parents to get and keep good jobs." Connect for Kids Weekly (January 20, 2004).]

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Commuter Rail: Information and Guidance Could Help Facilitate Commuter and Freight Rail Access Negotiations. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-240. (The Office, Washington, DC) January 2004. 50 p.

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["Commuter and freight rail services have the potential to play increasingly important roles in the nation's economy and transportation system as demand for these services increases.... GAO recommends that the Department of Transportation and the Surface Transportation Board determine whether it would be appropriate for them to provide guidance and information, such as best practices and information on the applicability of the federal liability cap, to commuter rail agencies and freight railroads."]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Public Art Programs Fiscal Year 2001: A Detailed Statistical Report on the Budgets and Programming of the Nation's Public Art Programs During Fiscal Year 2001. By the Center for Arts and Culture. (Americans for the Arts, Washington, DC ) January 28, 2004. 56 p.

["This document is the result of the first comprehensive survey of public art programs in the United States. It offers information about public art revenue sources and budget history, composition of artist selection panels, details about how public art programs are staffed, and more about the nuts and bolts of public art administration. " Publisher's announcement.]

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Women Without Class: Girls, Race, and Identity. By Julie Bettie. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) 2003. 260 p.

["In this examination of white and Mexican-American girls coming of age in California's Central Valley, Julie Bettie turns class theory on its head and offers new tools for understanding the ways in which class identity is constructed and, at times, fails to be constructed in relationship to color, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality." Publishers announcement. NOTE: Women Without Class ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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California Leading Indicators. By A. Gary Anderson Center for Economic Research, Chapman University. (The Center, Orange, California) February 2004.

["Hiring in California is poised to accelerate, although perhaps not as strongly as after previous recessions..... California's high business costs, particularly for workers' compensation, are motivating many businesses to keep their payrolls lean..... Huge investments in computers and other technology in the 1990s have sparked a surge of U.S. productivity that is allowing companies to squeeze more work out of fewer employees. Meanwhile, increased outsourcing of American jobs overseas appears to be taking a toll on domestic job creation." Los Angeles Times (February 10, 2004) A1.]

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Stalemate: Causes and Consequences of Legislative Gridlock. By Sarah Binder. (Brookings Institute, New York, New York) 2003. 202 p.

["Sarah Binder examines the causes and consequences of gridlock, focusing on the ability of Congress to broach and secure policy compromise on significant national issues. Reviewing more than fifty years of legislative history, Binder measures the frequency of deadlock during that time and offers concrete advice for policymakers interested in improving the institutional capacity of Congress." Publisher's Announcement. NOTE: Stalemate ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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"Health Status and Health Services Utilization Among U.S. Chinese, Asian Indian, Filipino, and Other Asian/Pacific Islander Children." By Stella M. Yu and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 1 (January 2004) pp. 101-107.

["There is a lack of information on health status, health care access, and health services utilization among Asian American children. The study describes the prevalence of health status and health services indicators among Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indian, and other Asian Pacific Islander children and examines the effects of socioeconomic and demographic factors on health status, health care access, and health services utilization." Maternal and Child Health Alert (Janary 16, 2004) 1.]

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"Inappropriate Medication Prescribing for Elderly Ambulatory Care Patients." By Margie Rauch Goulding. IN: Archives of Internal Medicine, vol 164, no. 3 (February 9, 2004) pp. 305-312.

["The study, which examined patient data from hospital outpatient departments and physician offices from 1995 to 2000, found that elderly patients were prescribed improper medications about 8% of the time, or in an estimated 16.7 million physician visits. According to the study, physicians were more likely to prescribe improper medications when they prescribed more than one treatment." Associated Press (February 11, 2004) 1.]

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