Subject: Studies in the News 04-64 (September 30, 2004)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

September 16, 1854 - "Mare Island became the first permanent U.S. naval installation on the West Coast. Captain David G. Farragut was assigned as Commandant of the new shipyard. An experienced naval officer, Farragut oversaw the shipyard's first formative years, before being assigned to command the West Gulf Blockading Squadron at the out- break of the Civil War. He would later distinguish himself during the Battle of Mobile by rallying his men with the cry "Damn the torpedoes- Full speed ahead!" then successfully leading them through the mined waters of Mobile Bay. "  

September 27, 1854 - "A new foundation was laid for the State Capitol. This site for the building is now the site of the Sacramento County Jail. This building was completed in January 1855. The front of the building had eight large fluted pillars. The second floor was 80 by 120 feet which provided plenty of room for both the assembly and senate meeting rooms plus other necessary offices. The ground floor also had offices, plus fireproof vaults for the Treasury."  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material

   Impact of assault weapons ban
   Racial profiling in Oakland
   Registration and three-strikes penalty
   Court limits minority contacting
   Low-income married couples
   California's multiracial population
   UCLA Anderson forecast
   State fiscal conditions and federal policies
   Economy of California's big regions
   Emerging integration of the California-Mexico economies
   CEO benefit from offshoring
   International trade and offshoring
    Small business climate comparisons nationwide
   California's investment in K-12 education
   States may lose unspent education funds
   Evaluating academic programs in community colleges
   Hispanic educational achievement
   High school reform at the district level
   Public school preparedness
   Teacher turnover and school climate
   State of working California
   Modernizing overtime regulations
   Court rules against FERC on refund claim
   Establishing renewable energy standards
   Children at risk from bad air
   Ocean Commission's final report
   Plan to reduce mercury in the San Francisco Bay
   Special survey on Californians and the future
   Conflict of interest and state legislatures
   Responding to dirty bombs
   Federal competitive grants
   Declassifying government documents
   Increase in the classification of government documents
   Funding Children's mental health services
   Potential impacts of Proposition 63
   Portrait of likely voters
   Quality of care for American Indians and Alaskan natives
   Racial and ethnic disparities in health care
   Medicare increases impact on Medicaid programs
   Access to recovery grants
   The affordable housing shortage in Southern California
   Home affordability in urban areas
   Child support funds and transitional jobs programs
   States receive food stamp bonuses
   Poverty and uninsured on the rise
   Pension reform in San Diego
   Highways more congested
   More costly to redesign Bay bridge
   Government budgets during a permanent fical crisis
   Public policy and the making of Southern California
   Environmental cancers
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:



An Updated Assessment of the Federal Assault Weapons Ban: Impacts on the Gun Markets and Gun Violence, 1994-2003. By Christopher S. Koper, and others, Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, University of Pennsylvania. (The Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) June 2004.

["The report noted a danger in letting the ban expire. 'If the ban is lifted, gun and magazine manufacturers may reintroduce assault weapon models and large-capacity magazines, perhaps in substantial numbers,' it said. 'In addition, pre-ban assault weapons may lose value and novelty, prompting some of their owners to sell them in undocumented second-hand markets where they can more easily reach high-risk users, such as criminals, terrorists and other potential mass murderers.'" Sacramento Bee (September 12, 2004) A3.]

Report. 108 p.

Executive Summary. 4 p.

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Study of Racial Profiling in Oakland Finds Mixed Evidence of Bias in Stop Decisions; Evidence of Bias in Searches: News Release. By RAND Corporation. (The Corporation, Santa Monica, California) August 24, 2004. 3 p.

Full Text at:

["The report, which the Rand think tank prepared at the city's request, presents an unflattering picture: Black motorists tooling through Oakland, particularly black males, are nearly four times more likely to be stopped by a police officer than their white counterparts, whether it is morning, noon or night, and no matter what part of the city they're traveling in. And when black motorists are stopped, three times out of four, they will be detained longer than other motorists and are almost certain to be asked to submit to a body search." San Francisco Chronicle (September 6, 2004) 1.]

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People v. Donald Barker. California Supreme Court. S115438. August 30, 2004. Various pagings.

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["A sex offender who forgets to reregister with police within the required five days of his birthday is guilty of a felony that can carry a three-strikes sentence, the court ruled.... The defendant could also have been sentenced to life as a third-striker, but was given a nine-year term.... The crime of failing to register is usually punishable by up to three years in prison." San Francisco Chronicle (August 31, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4024]

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C&C Construction, Inc. v. Sacramento Municipal Utility District, et al. California Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District. C040761. September 14, 2004. Various pagings.

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["In a decision that could reverberate statewide, a court told the Sacramento Municipal Utility District that it must scrap a program giving financial breaks to some minority contractors. The ruling is the first to interpret a key exception to Proposition 209, the 1996 initiative that banned government affirmative action programs.... The court concluded that before any government entity can discriminate based on race, it must 'have substantial evidence that it will lose federal funding if it does not use race-based measures.'" Sacramento Bee (September 15, 2004) A1.]

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Married and Poor: Basic Characteristics of Economically Disadvantaged Married Couples in the U.S. By David J. Fein, Abt Associates. Prepared for MDRC. (MDRC, New York, New York) July 2004. 27 p.

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["Using recent surveys and published reports, this working paper assembles a portrait of the attitudes and behaviors of disadvantaged married couples. It gathers and assesses descriptive statistics on the formation and stability, characteristics, and quality of marriages in the low-income population in the U.S."]

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California's Multiracial Population. By Laura E. Hill and others, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 2004. 20 p.

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["[This report] looks at a newly identified population, enabled by the Census 2000, which for the first time offered Americans the option to self-identify as of more than one race. Finds that California’s multiracial population is hard to characterize with any basic summary statistics, because there are many racial combinations with very different characteristics, depending on the particular combination."]

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The UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California. By the UCLA Anderson Forecast, UCLA Anderson Graduate School of Management. (The School, Los Angeles, California) September 2004. Various pagings.

["Economists from UCLA expect slow but steady growth in California, but say continuing state budget problems and the threat of another national recession could short-circuit the recovery.... The inability to trim the structural budget deficit is squeezing California's economy, putting a crimp on state hiring and causing thousands of layoffs at the city and county levels... The problem could get substantially worse if budget problems go unsolved, leaving California unable to fund important infrastructure projects." Sacramento Bee (September 8, 2004) D1.]

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A Brief Update on State Fiscal Conditions and the Effects of Federal Policies on State Budgets. By Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 13, 2004. 5 Pages.

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["Although state revenue collections are no longer declining, states face continuing fiscal difficulties, in part due to their failure to address underlying fiscal problems and in part due to adverse federal policies towards states. This paper very briefly discusses key aspects of the fiscal crisis and the outlook for 2005 and beyond." Moving Ideas (September 15, 2004) 1.]

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California's Big Regions: What Makes Them Different and Where They Are Going? By Edward Leamer, UCLA Anderson Forecast and others. Presented to the UCLA Anderson Forecast Conference. (The Author, Los Angeles, California) September 8, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "2004 Bay Area Economic Profile," "Inland Empire 2004," "Sacramento," "Distinguishing Characteristics of the Los Angeles and Orange County Economies," and "A New Day for California Local Government Finance."]

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The Emerging Integration of the California-Mexico Economies. By Howard J. Shatz and Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2004. 176 p.

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["This report documents a growth of exports to Mexico from California in the range of 13 percent and imports from Mexico to California at about the same rate. This trade growth is both positive for California's economy and troubling at the same time.... This growth has and will continue to put extraodinary demands on the environment, infrastructure, and delivery of public services on border communities."]

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Executive Excess 2004: Campaign Contributions, Outsourcing, Unexpensed Stock Options and Rising CEO Pay. By Sarah Anderson, Institute for Policy Studies, and others. (United Fair Economy, Boston, Massachusetts) August 31, 2004. 38 p.

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["Top executives at the 50 largest outsourcing of services jobs made an average of 10.4 million in 2003.... These 50 CEOs seem to be personally benefiting from a trend that has already cost hundreds of thousands of U.S. jobs and its projected to cost millions more over the next decade."]

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International Trade: Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight into Offshoring of Services. By the U.S. Government Accountability Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 80 Pages.

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["A long-anticipated congressional study of the shipment of technology jobs overseas has found the practice, known as offshoring, is growing but appears to have a minor impact on the overall economy. Although industries most commonly associated with offshoring, such as computer call centers, have experienced greater than average job losses since 2001, the study said other factors, such as the collapse of the stock bubble, also contributed to the drop." Contra Costa Times (September 23, 2004) 1.]

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Small Business Survival Index 2003: Ranking the Policy Environment for Entrepreneurship Across the Nation. By Raymond J. Keating, Small Business Survival Committee. (The Committee, Washington, DC) September 2003. 28 p.

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["Critics argue that regulation and taxation are making the costs of doing business more expensive in the Golden State, driving away existing businesses and preventing others from locating or expanding here.... In 2003 the Tax Foundation ranked California 49th on its tax climate index, and the Small Business Survival Committee, which examines various costs, taxes and regulations, ranked California near the bottom as well (46th)." Sacramento Bee (August 20, 2004) B7.]

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How California Ranks: A Look at the States' Investment in K-12 Education Over the Past Decade. By EdSource Online. (EdSource, Palo Alto, California) September 2004. 4 p.

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["During the 1990s, California experienced a large growth in its school-age population while its expenditures per pupil remained below the national average. California -- compared to other states -- pays its teachers top salaries. School districts, faced with more students and higher personnel costs, have made ends meet by limiting the number of certified personnel. Thus California ranks next to last in the nation in the number of teachers and principals per student.... This report looks at current rankings and estimates as well as how the state fared over the past decade compared to the rest of the nation."]

[Request #S4036]

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States May Lose Unspent Education Funds. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-37. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 14, 2004. 4 p.

["This [report] discusses what money will become unavailable to states whether for obligation or for expenditure, and what states can do to maximize current education funds and prevent future losses."]

[Request #S4037]

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Evaluating Academic Programs in California's Community Colleges. By Andrew M. Gill and Duane E. Leigh, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 2004. 102 p.

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["[The authors] address three related questions. How do colleges differ in their academic program offerings? Do college-specific characteristics and community needs explain these differences? If so, can these explanations help policymakers design guidelines for evaluating community college performance?"]

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Research Sheds New Light on the Hispanic-White Achievement Gap. By the Education Commission of the States. The Progress of Education Reform 2004: Hispanic Achievement. vol. 6, no. 3 (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) August 2004. 6 p.

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["Closing the achievement gap will require addressing a range of social, economic and educational disparities that put Hispanic children at a competitive disadvantage from the time they enter school, the latest Progress of Education Reform finds. The issue focuses on what current research says about Hispanic educational achievement." ECS E-Connections (September 1, 2004) 1.]

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Big Buildings, Small Schools: Using a Small Schools Strategy for High School Reform. By Lili Allen and Adria Steinberg, Jobs for the Future. (Jobs for the Future, Boston, Massachusetts) September 2004. 23 Pages.

["This report describes emerging efforts by communities such as Boston, Oakland, New York City, and Sacramento to convert large, comprehensive high schools into 'education complexes' made up of multiple autonomous small schools under one roof. The authors draw on strategies being undertaken in these communities to explore implementation issues that arise concerning school-level autonomies, governance, and leadership of high school reform at the district level." Moving Ideas (September 15, 2004) 1.]

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Preparedness in America's Schools: A Comprehensive Look at Terrorism Preparedness in America's Twenty Largest School Districts. By Allison Phinney, America Prepared Campaign, Inc. (The Campaign, New York, New York) September 2004. 71 p.

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["[The report by] America Prepared Campaign reviewed efforts by the nation's 20 largest school systems to protect students. The New York City-based group spent three months evaluating emergency plans, drilling procedures and parent communication. Three districts -- Fairfax County, Virginia; Montgomery County, Maryland; and Palm Beach County, Florida -- ranked as 'best'." Houston Chronicle (September 6, 2004) B1.]

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"The Effects of Chronic Teacher Turnover on School Climate and Organization." By Kacey Guin. IN: Education Policy Analysis Archives, vol. 12, no. 42 (August 16, 2004) pp. 1-30.

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["Although the effects teachers have on students are well documented, the systemwide impact of high rates of teacher turnover -— such as on the health of the school (including faculty, staff, students, and the larger community) -— is often overlooked. This study examined the relationship between teacher turnover and school climate."]

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The State of Working California 2004: Little Progress for California's Workers and Their Families. By Jean Ross, the California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) September 6, 2004. 7 p.

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["Recent data suggests little progress for the state’s workers. However, on a number of key indicators -– including job growth, median income, and wages -– California’s performance has surpassed that of the nation. This paper examines recent data, including new Census data on income, poverty, and health coverage released in late August."]

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Modernizing Overtime Regulations to Benefit Employers and Employees. By Paul Kersey, The Heritage Foundation. Backgrounder no. 1789. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) August 16, 2004. 9 p.

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["Much controversy surrounds the U.S. Department of Labor's decision to update regulations governing 'white-collar' exemptions from the Fair Labor Standards Act. Labor union officials have interpreted the new regulations as the end of overtime pay for millions of workers. In reality, however, relatively few workers are likely to lose overtime pay under the new regulations, which will simply clarify, simplify, and update regulations that date back to the mid-1950s."]

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State of California v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 02-73093. September 9, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:$file/0273093.pdf?openelement

["A federal appeals court revived California's claim for $2.8 billion in electricity rate refunds and blistered federal energy regulators for turning a blind eye four years ago while the state endured power outages and soaring prices.... The court stopped short of ordering refunds, however, and instead ordered FERC to reconsider the issue now that its refund authority has been established." San Francisco Chronicle (September 10, 2004) 1.]

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Renewing America's Economy. By The Union of Concerned Scientists. (Flex Your Power, San Francisco, California) September 2004. 3 p.

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["The non-profit Union of Concerned Scientists has examined the costs and benefits of establishing a national renewable energy standard (RES) of 20% by 2020, up from a current renewables usage level of about 2.5% today. The report finds that the 20% RES would reduce demand for natural gas and therefore lower natural gas prices, leading to cumulative nationwide electricity bill savings of $34.9 billion and cumulative natural gas bill savings of an additional $13.8 billion. Development of renewable energy would also create nearly twice as many jobs as the same amount of fossil fuel energy production." eNewswire (September 15, 2004) 1.]

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Dangerous Days of Summer. By John Balbus and Yewlin Chee, Environmental Defense. (Environmental Defense, New York, New York) September 2004.

["Los Angeles children playing outside were at high risk of breathing unhealthy air one out of five days over the last three summers, according to a report. And children with asthma, who are much more sensitive to air pollution, were at risk of worsening their disease on nearly half of the summer days from 2001 to 2003." Los Angeles Daily News (September 22, 2004) 1.]

Report. Various pagings.:

50 Worst Cities. Various pagings.

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An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century. By the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. (The Commission, Washington, DC) September 2004.

["The Commission issued its final report after finding fisheries in severe decline, coasts that are polluted and coastal wetlands being lost at a worrisome rate. The commission's bleak report recommends creating a new National Ocean Council in the White House, doubling research funding, reforming the councils that regulate coastal fisheries and increasing education on oceans." Contra Costa Times (September 21, 2004) F4.]

Executive Summary. 24 p.:

Full report. Various pagings.:

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Proposed Amendment to the Water Quality Control Plan (Basin Plan) for the San Francisco Bay Region to Establish San Francisco Bay Mercury Total Maximum Daily Load and Implementation Plan. By Bill Johnson and Richard Looker, San Francisco Bay Regional Water Control Board. (The Board, San Francisco, California) September 15, 2004.

["A key state regulatory agency approved a sweeping plan to clean up mercury pollution in San Francisco Bay that is largely the legacy of mining during California's Gold Rush.... The plan intends to cut mercury discharges to the bay by about 40 percent over 20 years. Under the plan, the bay's tidal action would remove the bulk of the mercury, which is stored in underwater sediment. Scientists estimate it will take 120 years to reduce mercury in the bay to pre-Gold Rush levels." San Francisco Chronicle (September 16, 2004) 1.]

Summary Staff Report. 3 p.,%202004%20Board%20Meeting_files/09-15-04-10_ssr.pdf

Mercury in San Francisco Bay: Staff Report. 173 p.,%202004%20Board%20Meeting_files/09-15-04-10_appendix_c.pdf

Other Appendicies and Comments. Various pagings

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PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Californians and the Future. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 2004. 40 p.

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["This survey seeks to raise public awareness, inform decisionmakers, and stimulate public discussion about current conditions in California, future projections concerning growth and its effects on the state, and the governance and policy options possible in response to the expected growth and change."]

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"Conflict of Interest: What is it? Can You Avoid It?" By Peggy Kerrus and Nicole Moore. IN: Legisbrief, vol. 12 no. 36 (August/September 2004) pp. 1-2.

["Conflict of interest may be the most common ethical dilemma public officials face. States mention conflict of interest in their laws, rules or constitutions and most states require disclosure of conflicts."]

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Radiological Attack: Dirty Bombs and Other Devices. By the National Academies and the Department of Homeland Security. (The Academies, Washington, DC) September 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at:$file/radiological%20attack.pdf

["The ease of recovery from [a radiological] attack would depend to a great extent on how the attack was handled by first responders, political leaders and the news media, all of which would help to shape public opinion and reactions." ]

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FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-27 - 04-31. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 27 - September 24, 2004. Various pagings.

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["Includes: "School-based Interventions to Prevent Obesity;" The Early Detection Research Network: Biomarker Developmental Laboratories;" "Food Allergy Research Consortium and Statistical Centers;" "Coastal Services Center Integrated Ocean Observing Systems;" "International Research and Studies Program" "Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program;" Fast Capture Fingerprint/Palm Print Technology;" "Brownfields Training, Research, and Technical Assistance;" "Training Cooperative Partnership in Support of Terrestrial, Aquatic and Coastal Ecosystem Research Programs;" and others.]

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Secrecy Versus Openness: New Proposed Arrangements for Balancing Competing Needs. By Harold C. Relyea, Government and Finance Division, Congressional Research Service. RS21895. (The Service, Washington D.C.) August 26, 2004. 6 p

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["Disputes have arisen recently over whether or not to declassify portions of the sensitive content of reports resulting from congressional investigations and national commission inquiries into the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the war in Iraq, and related matters. As a result, some have called for Congress to create a special mechanism for the impartial and expeditious resolution of such disputes, which may also facilitate better information sharing as recommended by the 9/11 Commission....Such efforts at balancing legitimate competing needs for secrecy and openness are examined in this report."]

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Secrecy in the Bush Administration. By U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Government Reform--Minority Staff Special Investigations Division. Prepared for Representative Henry A. Waxman. (The Committee, Washington, DC) September 14, 2004. 90 p.

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["The White House is classifying 50 percent more documents since 2001, making it more difficult to track what the government is doing.... A report charges the Bush administration is expanding laws to limit the public's right to know." Washington Times Online (September 14, 2004) 1.]

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Proposition 63: Children's Mental Health Services: Hearing. Presented to Senate Committees on Health and Human Services and Revenue and Taxation and Assembly Committees on Health and Revenue and Taxation. (The Committees, Sacramento, California) September 22, 2004. Various pagings

[Includes: "Proposition 63: Mental Health Services Expansion. Tax on Incomes Above $1 Million;" "Testimony of the California Mental Health Directors Association;" "What Would Proposition 63, Mental Health Service Act, Mean for California?" and others.]

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What Would Proposition 63, the Mental Health Services Act, Mean for California? By Agnes Lee and Jean Ross, the California Budget Project. Budget Brief. (The Project, Sacramento, California) September 2004. 9 p.

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["The following analysis examines the potential fiscal and policy impacts of Proposition 63. This analysis is designed to highlight the potential impacts of Proposition 63 to help voters make informed policy choices."]

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California's Likely Voters. By Public Policy Institute of California. Just the Facts. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 2004. 2 p.

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["Forty-three percent of registered voters in California are registered Democrats, and 36 percent are registered Republicans.... Likely voters are older, better educated, and are more affluent than both infrequent voters and those not registered to vote. Likely voters are also much more likely to have college degrees and to have annual incomes $80,000 or higher. Likely voters are also much more likely than infrequent voters and those not registered to own their own homes."]

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A Review of the Quality of Health Care for American Indians and Alaska Natives. By Yvette Roubideaux, the Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health and College of Medicine, University of Arizona. (The Commonwealth Fund, Washington, DC) September 2004. 36 p.

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["The author documents health care disparities for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) and reports on progress made in the last five years to reduce or eliminate gaps in care.... The author offers ten conclusions/recommendations with respect to disparities between medical care for AIANs and the general population."]

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"Policies to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Child Health and Health Care." By Anne C. Beal, Commonwealth Fund. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 23, no. 5 (September 2004) pp. 171-179.

["The medical care that minority children receive often is inferior to that enjoyed by other children. The author describes an arsenal of weapons available for reducing racial disparities in health care: broadening health care coverage, adopting common quality improvement efforts, improving the training of health care providers, and boosting the ranks of minority clinicians. The author also finds that better coordination and monitoring at the federal level are needed to maximize programs addressing these disparities."]

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Impact of Medicare Increases on State Medicaid Programs. By FFIS. Issue Brief, 04-36. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 14, 2004. 5 p.

["There are a number of pathways through which state Medicaid programs may support individual Medicare costs. Those include paying premiums for certain classes of individuals and paying coinsurance and deductibles for others. Recently announced increases in Medicare premiums, coinsurance and deductible costs will result in automatic increases in Medicaid costs for states."]

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Health and Human Services Announces Access to Recovery Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-33. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 26, 2004. 2 p.

["New funding initiatives are a rare occurrence. However, a new substance abuse treatment program, the Access to Recovery program, was proposed by the president and included in the FY 2004 omnibus appropriations bill.... The Department of Health and Human Services recently announced that 14 states and one tribal organization will be the first to receive the grants. The grants were competitively chosen from applications from 44 state and 22 tribes and territories."]

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The State of Southern California's Housing. Paul Ong and others, Ralph and Goldy Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies, University of California, Los Angeles (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2004. 58 p.

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["Southern California's rapid appreciation of home prices is poised to cool, and that may help provide a quick fix to the region's housing crunch. The region has a disproportionately large number of people living in low-income households. Bridging the [affordable housing] gap will take a comprehensive strategy, mostly on the part of state and local governments to help more people afford homes."]

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Homeownership Affordability in Urban America: Past and Future. By Zhong Yi Tong, Fannie Mae Foundation. (Knowledgeplex, Washington, DC) 2004. 48 p.

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["This study examines past and projected trends in home affordability for median-income working Americans, presenting data for both the nation and for 11 selected metropolitan areas, including Los Angeles. The report closely examines affordability for schoolteachers, nurses, firefighters, and police officers." Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty listserv (August 31, 2004).]

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Where the Funds Are: Potential Use of Child Support Funds for Transitional Jobs Programs. By Abbey Frank, Center for Law and Policy. (The Center, Washington DC) September 2004. 6 p.

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["This policy brief focuses on the ways in which states can leverage portions of federal child support funds to offset some of the costs of transitional jobs programs that are either targeted towards noncustodial parents or include noncustodial parents as a part of their client base." Moving Ideas (September 1, 2004) 1.]

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"States Receive Food Stamp Bonuses." By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-38. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 21, 2004. 3 p.

["The 2002 Farm Bill authorized the U.S. Department of Agriculture to award $48 million each year to states with the best or most improved performance in the administration of the Food Stamp program. USDA recently awarded $30 million to 16 states for payment accuracy and negative error rate. USDA will provide bonus funds to states for participation rates and application processing timeliness by the end of September."]

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Census Data Show Poverty Increased, Income Stagnated, and the Number of Uninsured Rose to a Record Level in 2003. By Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington D.C.) August 27, 2004. 10 pages.

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["Census data ... show that the number and percentage of Americans living below the poverty line increased for the third consecutive year 2003, and the number and percentage of people without health insurance also climbed for the third straight year, leaving 45 million Americans uninsured in 2003 -- the largest number on record.... Median household income stood at $43,318 in 2003, compared with $43,381 in 2002, not a statistically significant change."]

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City of San Diego Pension Reform Committee. Final Report. (The Committee, San Diego, California.) September 15, 2004. 74 p.

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["San Diego's Pension Reform Committee painted a bleak picture of the city's retirement system, suggesting in its final report that a gaping deficit, benefit hikes and unmet health-care costs will exact a staggering toll on taxpayers for years to come.... Just to meet the city's current pension and health-care costs, plus interest on a $1.17 billion pension deficit, would cost $259 million a year - roughly double what the city paid into the pension this year." San Diego Union Tribune (Sept. 16, 2004) 1.]

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The 2004 Urban Mobility Report. By Davis Schrank and Tim Lomax, Texas Transportation Institute. (The Institute, College Park, Texas) September 2004.

["A massive migration of families in search of housing, plus an onslaught of truck traffic from local ports, has pushed the fast-growing Inland Empire onto a list of the nation's top five most traffic-choked urban areas, transportation experts said...The Los Angeles area -- which includes portions of Ventura and Orange counties -- still has the country's worst traffic.... The Bay Area came in second in the rankings, with an increase of nearly 22% in traffic delays over the past decade." Los Angeles Times (September 8, 2004) B1.]

Report. 24 p.

Congestion Data for Western U.S. Cities. Various pagings.

[Request #S4066]

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Toll Bridge Seismic Retrofit Program: Cost Review Report. By Bechtel Infrastructure Corporation. Prepared for the Bay Area Toll Authority, Metropolitan Transportation Commission (The Commission, Oakland, California) August 2004. 34 p.

Full Text at:

["An audit says that the quickest and cheapest way to protect motorists on the eastern span of the Bay Bridge from major earthquakes is to stick with the plan to build the costly single-tower suspension span that has generated so much controversy.... The audit was not limited to the Bay Bridge, but also included other toll bridges in California that are being seismically retrofitted by Caltrans." San Francisco Chronicle (September 3, 2004) B1.]

[Request #S4067]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Coast of Dreams: California on the Edge, 1990 - 2003. By Kevin Starr. (Knopf, New York, New York) 2004. 768 p.

["He minutely chronicles ... the history of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's money pit, NAFTA's effect on the state economy and the recall of Governor Gray Davis. These accounts are characteristically fair-minded, authoritative and smooth .... His observations are most vivid, precise and astute when he elucidates the way Californians live now -- the ways ethnicity and class shape manners, mores, architectural and residential preferences; For the embattled middle class in much of the state, the barriers to homeownership are as insurmountable as the secondary public education offered is abysmal." Los Angeles Times (September 18, 2004) R3.]

[Request #S4068]

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The Price of Government: Getting the Results We Need in an Age of Permanent Fiscal Crisis. By David Osborne and Peter Hutchinson. (Basic Books, New York, New York) 2004.

["Because most states use a budget process that simply decides what agencies will receive increases every year (and the size of those increases) without determining if those agencies are providing real results, governments often become bloated without providing services effectively, the two men said. And when a budget shortfall occurs, state legislators have few viable options because they can't easily raise taxes and they don't have specific data allowing them to justify budget cuts." Journal Record Legislative Report (September 14, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4069]

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Up Against the Sprawl: Public Policy and the Making of Southern California. Edit by Jennifer Wolch and others. (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota) 2004. 376 p.

["Up against the Sprawl ... details how governmental policies and public agencies have dictated many aspects of the region’s growth: infrastructure, transportation, housing, immigration, finances, civic and regional administration, the environment. The authors also argue that since public policy set the landscape, it can help forge the future. They explore countermovements by progressive activists to use innovative policies -— from smart growth initiatives to the actions of living wage advocates -— for greater social, economic, and environmental justice." Publisher's Announcement (August 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4070]

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Cancers in the Urban Environment. By Thomas M. Mack, Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2004. 350 p.

["The review of 27 years of cancer reports found higher levels of oropharyngeal carcinoma -- cancer of the mouth and throat -- in several areas in and around Long Beach, including a strip of census tracts running north-south immediately east of the Long Beach Freeway between the two ports and the San Diego Freeway. Several of those areas are downwind of industrial facilities, such as the Los Angeles-Long Beach port complex, oil refineries and manufacturing plants, as well as the 710 Freeway." Los Angeles Times (September 3, 2004) B1.]

[Request #S4071]

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