Subject: Studies in the News 04-68 (October 21, 2004)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1854 - "The former village of Searsville (in San Mateo County ) was partially inundated in 1854. In the lumbermen's village of Searsville stood a hotel ... a school, store, blacksmith shop, and dwellings, some on the site of the present Searsville Lake and others overlooking it. Some of these buildings were removed in 1891, as water rose behind the new Searsville Dam on San Francisquito Creek. The Portolá Expedition of 1769 camped at a 'laguna grande' which today is covered by the lake."    

1854 - "Searsville's Woodside Store was built in 1854 among sawmills and redwood groves by Dr. R. O. Tripp. Nearby on the banks of the Alambique Creek, stood San Mateo County's first sawmill, built by Charles Brown in 1847. About the same time, Dennis Martin was building a second mill, also run by waterpower, on San Francisquito Creek. These mills were similar to the famous Sutter's Mill at Coloma, site of James Marshall's 1848 gold discovery. The store was operated by Dr. Tripp (who also served as dentist, librarian, postmaster, and community leader)."    

Contents This Week

   Campus crime report for UC Davis
   Crime rate for 2003
   Evaluation of Prop 36 drug programs
   Three strikes impact on African-Americans and Latinos
   California is 'slave' worker entry
   New estimates of state population
   Economic contributions of biopharmaceutical industries
   Effect of aging population
   Economic losses in the high-tech industry
   Offshoring and the jobless recovery
   Offshoring services and implications for California
   Small business survival index
   Reforming wholesale telecommunications
   Tracking states' implementation of No Child Left Behind Act
   No advantage for charter school students
   Lack of applicants for financial aid
   Rising cost of higher education
   Improving science and mathematics education
   Unemployment and African-American middle class
   Employer-sponsored health care coverage shrinking
   Health benefits and employment
   Wage gap and Latinos
   Personal reemployment accounts
   Economic potential for energy efficiency
   Wind power potential on federal land
   Biotech crops and the green revolution
   Genetically modified grass found far afield
   Final ocean strategy report
   States lack funds to enforce water regulations
   Restoring Hetch Hetchy valley
   Military construction and disaster assistance
   Port security assessment program
   Federal budget impact on states
   FFIS competitive grant update
   Proposition 65 and Proposition 1A
   Local government finance
   City fiscal conditions
   Tax incentives ruled unconstitutional
   Analysis of poll on health care access
   Health care reimbursements for aliens
   Hospital emergency room crisis
   Rising health care costs
   States allotment federal medical assistance percentage
   Anti-smoking ads upheld
   Higher hospital bills for the uninsured
   Homeownership and personal wealth
   Home price increases largest in quarter century
   Child support and state policies
   Needs of Sacramento County's seniors
   Housing and homelessness
   Emergency highway funding
   Hazardous materials planning and training grants
   Federal transit funding formulas
   Prisoner reentry crisis
   Evolution of state government
   Institutional changes due to term limits
   Dads as breastfeeding advocates
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:



UC Davis Clery Act Statistics for 2001, 2002, and 2003. Compiled by Elias Lopez, University of California, Davis. (The University, Davis, California) October 2004. 2 p.

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["The report showed that forcible sex offenses rose from 29 in 2002 to 34 in 2003.... They attribute last year's jump to outreach programs that make reporting easier and more secure for the victims."]

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Criminal Victimization, 2003. By Shannan M. Catalano, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. National Crime Victim Survey. No. 205455. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2004. 12 p.

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["The study was the latest contribution to a decade-long trend in which violent crime, measured by victim surveys, has fallen by 55 percent and property crime by 49 percent. That has included a 14 percent drop in violent crime from 2000-2001 to 2002-2003." Inland Valley Dailey Bulletin (September 13, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4166]

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Evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act. By Douglas Longshore and others, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, University of California, Los Angeles. Prepared for the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs. (The University, Los Angeles, California) September 2004.

["A quarter of those who choose drug treatment instead of jail under voter-approved Proposition 36 complete the program, while 30 percent never start, according to a new study. The study has elicited claims of success from the law's original supporters, who say Proposition 36 has exposed more than 30,000 people to drug treatment for the first time, planting a seed for future recovery. But critics say results are disappointing and argue that the law gives the criminal justice system too little influence over offenders with a wide array of criminal histories and rehabilitation needs." Sacramento Bee (September 23, 2004) A3.]

Report. 148 p.:

Press Release. 1 p.:

[Request #S4167]

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Racial Divide: An Examination of the Impact of California's Three Strikes Law on African-Americans and Latinos. By Scott Ehlers, and others, Justice Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2004. 22 p.

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["Similarly situated individuals may receive extremely different sentences depending on where they live.... The second inequality is in the race and ethnicity of people subject to the law.... The present system appears to exacerbate rather than ameliorate these underlying inequalities."]

[Request #S4168]

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Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States. By the Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley. (The Center, Berkeley, California) September 2004. 73 p.

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["More than 10,000 foreign-born people are working under slave-like conditions in the United States and California is a major port of entry for them, a report said. The study said that about half those brought into the country for forced labor end up in the sex business, many as prostitutes. The second-largest category of forced labor is domestic service, where about 27 percent of the forced labor ends up." Sacramento Bee (September 24, 2004) 1.]

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Annual Estimates of the Population by Sex and Age for California: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2003. And Annual Estimates of the Population by Sex, Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin for California: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2003. By the U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2004.

["The Bay Area's population increased slightly in the first three years of the decade, but the region is growing more slowly than the state as a whole, and if not for the growing Latino population, it would be dwindling, according to new figures from the U.S. Census Bureau." San Francisco Chronicle (October 5, 2004) 1.]

Population by Age. 4 p.:

Population by Race. 4 p.:

[Request #S4170]

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Biopharmaceutical Industry Contributions to State and U.S. Economies. By Russ C. DeVol, and others, Milken Institute. (The Institute, Santa Monica, California) October 2004. 212 p.

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["An industry-sponsored study of the drug making industry was released that expects employment growth over the next decade in a sector that is among the highest salaried and productive in the nation.... The report said jobs in the combined industries of biotechnology and pharmaceuticals is expected to grow 32 percent from 406,700 workers last year to 536,300 within 10 years." San Francisco Chronicle (October 12, 2004) E1.]

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Quarterly Economic Forecast: What Does a Graying America Mean for Business? By Laurance J. Kotlikoff, Boston University, and others. Presented at the UCLA Anderson Forecast. (The Authors, Los Angeles, California) September 8, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Fixing Social Security and Medicare for Good;" "Retaining and Maximizing the Use of Mature Workers at The Aerospace Corporation;" and "Feeding Grandma, Grandpa, and Our Foreign Landlords: The Real Demographic Issue for the U.S."]

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America's High Tech Bust. By Snigdha Srivastava and Nik Theodore, Center for Urban Economic Development, University of Illinois, Chicago. Report. (The Center, Chicago, Illinois) September 2004. 26 p.

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["Job losses at computer and data-processing firms have continued during the current year during the current economic expansion, years after the crash that ended in the late 1990's Internet boom, according to a study....The report used Labor Department data to show that employment by software, computer design, Internet and data-processing firms fell from about 2.15 million to 1.74 million in April 2004." San Francisco Chronicle (September 15, 2004) 1.]

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Offshoring, Importing Competition, and the Jobless Recovery. By Charles L. Schultze. Policy Brief. No. 136. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) 2004. 8 p.

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["A widespread perception has arisen that a major culprit behind the dearth of jobs was the growing practice of U.S. firms to relocate part of their domestic operations to lower-wage countries abroad. In fact, after the 2001 recession, U.S. domestic production rose substantially, but output-per-worker productivity jumped so sharply that instead of rising, employment declined. That is the real cause of the jobless recovery."]

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Services Offshoring: Background and Implications for California. By Jon D. Haveman and Howard J. Shatz, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2004. 56 p.

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["This paper provides background information for policy consideration of the offshoring of services. The authors describe the concept of offshoring, explain its appeal, and put the phenomenon in both its historical and current context. The paper explains how technology and business services offshoring fits into the growing globalization of the U.S. and world economies. It concludes by discussing some policy implications and describing how much more data and analysis are required for the development of effective policy."]

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Small Business Survival Index 2004: Ranking the Policy Environment for Entrepreneurship across the Nation. By Raymond J. Keating, Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council. (The Council, Washington, DC) October 2004. 26 p.

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[Includes 50 state rankings for 13 separate measures: "Personal Income Tax Rates;" "Capital Gains Tax Rates;" "Corporate Income Tax Rates;" "State and Local Property Taxes;" "State and Local Sales;" "Adjusted Unemployment Tax Rate;" "Health Care Costs;" "Electric Utility Costs;" "Workers Compensation Costs;" "Crime Rate;" "Number of Bureaucrats;" and "State Gas Taxes." ]

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The Urgent Need for Reform of Wholesale Telecommunications Regulation in California. By G. Mitchell Wilk and Carl R. Danner, Economic Policy Institute. Issue Brief. No. 199. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 20, 2004. 8 p.

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["In an attempt to promote healthy competition in the telecommunications industry, in 2002 and 2003, the California Public Utilities Commission sharply cut the rates at which existing telephone companies are required to lease portions of their telephone networks to new competitors. This new report illustrates how the plan backfired."]

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No Child Left Behind Act: Improvements Needed in Education's Process for Tracking States' Implementation of Key Provisions. By U.S. Government Accountability Office (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 56 p.

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["The No Child Left Behind Act has focused national attention on improving the academic achievement of the nations' 48 million students.... To provide information about states' efforts GAO determined 1) what goals states established for student proficiency and their implications for whether schools will meet these goals; 2) what factors facilitated or impeded selected state and school district implementation efforts; and 3) how the Department of Education supported state efforts and approved state plans to meet student proficiency requirements."]

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"Test Scores Show No Advantage for California's Charter Students." By Nanette Asimov. IN: San Francisco Chronicle. (September 16, 2004) A1+.

["California children attending charter schools do no better academically than those in regular public school, a Chronicle analysis of 4.7 million test scores shows in a finding that undermines the logic of a federal policy that sees charters as a remedy for low-scoring schools. The trend held firm even when the scores of only low-income students were compared, suggesting that there may be little merit in the frequent claim that the most challenged students do better academically at charters, which are self-governing public schools."]

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Missed Opportunities: Students Who Do Not Apply for Financial Aid. By ACE Center for Policy Education. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2004. 14 p.

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["A new study says hundreds of thousands of college students who may be eligible for federal financial aid don't get it for a simple reason -- they don't apply.... The findings underscore a point often made by educators: Even as college costs rise, students often miss financial aid opportunities because they aren't aware of how the system works." Associated Press (October 12, 2004) 1.]

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Measuring Up 2004: The National Report Card on Higher Education. By The National Center for Public Policy on Higher Education. (The Center, San Jose, California) 2004. 26 p.

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["The National Report Card on Higher Education said American high school students are generally better prepared for college than a decade ago. Teachers are more qualified, and more students are taking at least one upper-level math or science course. But ... many states are providing less financing to help students pay for college, and in many states, fewer students are enrolling." New York Times (September 15, 2004) B9.]

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No Time to Waste: The Vital Role of College and University Leaders in Improving Science and Mathematics Education. By Ted Sanders, Education Commission of the States. (The Commission, Washington, DC) October 5, 2004. 14 p.

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["America's competitive edge in the global economy, the strength and versatility of its labor force, its capacity to nourish research and innovation -- all are increasingly dependent on an education system capable of producing a steady supply of young people well prepared in science and mathematics.... This paper focuses on what is increasingly seen as the major stumbling block to fundamental and lasting change -- the quantity, quality and classroom practices of science and mathematics teachers."]

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Recent Job Loss Hits the African-American Middle Class Hard. By John Schmitt, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2004. 7 p.

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["The high and rising rate of job loss for workers in long-tenure jobs since 2001 has hit African Americans particularly hard. The recession and subsequent weak recovery have put black workers at a disadvantage relative to their white counterparts, according to this study."]

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Trends in U.S. Health Insurance Coverage, 2001-2003. By Bradley C. Strunk and Robert C. Reschovsky. Tracking Report. No. 9. (Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC) 2004. Various pagings.

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["A report found that nearly nine million U.S. residents younger than age 65 lost employer-sponsored health coverage between 2001 and 2003. Employer-sponsored health coverage has declined as workers lost jobs and health coverage and employed workers have been 'priced out' as health insurance premiums increased while salaries did not."]

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Wages, Health Benefits, and Worker's Health. By Sara R. Collins and others, the Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) October 2004. 16 p.

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["This study ... finds a deep divide in the U.S. labor force and an urgent need for expanding access to comprehensive and affordable coverage to working Americans and their families."]

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Boom, Bust, and Beyond: The State of Working in California. By California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) September 2004. 16 p.

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["Latino workers' wages in California have risen more than twice as fast as non-Latinos' pay since the mid-1990s, narrowing the earnings gap between them. But Latinos on average still make far less than non-Latinos of similar occupations and educational levels in the state, and are still disproportionately represented among California's working poor." Los Angeles Times(September 30, 2004) 1.]

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New Demonstration for Personal Reemployment Accounts. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-44. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 5, 2004. 3 p.

["In January 2003, the president proposed a $3.6 billion grant program administered through the states that would provide up to $3000 per unemployed worker for 'personal reemployment accounts' as part of his "Growth and Jobs Package. This proposal ... did not pass Congress.... In the president's FY 2005 budget, he recommended a scaled-back version of this initiative.... On September 24, 2004, the Department of Labor announced an opportunity for up to nine states to conduct an early test of this proposal."]

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The Technical, Economic and Achievable Potential for Energy-Efficiency in the U.S.: A Meta-Analysis of Recent Studies. By Anna Shipley and others, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. (Flex Your Power, San Francisco, California) 2004. 12 p.

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["[This] paper assesses the size of the energy efficiency potential in the United States by conducting a meta-analysis of 11 recent regional energy efficiency studies. . . . The median achievable savings potential for electricity is 24% over 20 years, and 9% for gas. In addition, a 4% reduction in natural gas consumption nationally could reduce wholesale natural gas prices by almost 20%." eNewswire (September 1 2004) 1.]

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Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement on Wind Energy Development on BLM-Administered Lands in the Western United States. By the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) September 2004.

["Of the more than 160,000 acres of land identified as 'economically viable' for wind power development over the next 20 years, 72,000 acres were found in California, by far the largest area of any state involved in the study.... The draft report predicts that by 2025, wind power construction and operation on federal lands could add more than 3,400 new jobs, generate tens of millions of dollars for the state in tax revenue, and add over $517 million to the gross state product." BLM NewsBytes (September 2004) 1.]

Executive Summary. 8 p.:

Full Report. Various pagings.:

[Request #S4184]

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The Future of Genetically Modified Crops: Lessons from the Green Revoution. By Felicia Wu, University of Pittsburg, and William P. Butz. Prepared for the RAND Corporation (The Corporation, Santa Monica, California) September 2004.

["The number of people in danger of malnutrition worldwide has declined significantly in the past 30 years, thanks in part to the Green Revolution of the 20th century.... This report draws on lessons from the Green Revolution to inform stakeholders who are concerned with the current GM crop movement.... Can the Green Revolution become in fact a global revolution, and, if so, how should it best proceed?"]

Report. 84 p.

Summary. 14 p.

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"Evidence for Landscape-Level, Pollen-Mediated Gene Flow from Genetically Modified Creeping Bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a Marker." By Lidia S. Watrud, and others. IN: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, vol. 101, no. 40, (October 5, 2004) pp. 14533-14538.

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["Genes from a genetically engineered grass travel much farther than previously measured and can spread biotech traits to related plants at least 13 miles away, according to a study.... The study, written by scientists from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, concerns creeping bentgrass, a common wind-pollinated grass planted on golf course greens and fairways around the world.... The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently ordered an environmental impact study on biotech bentgrass before the agency decides its fate." Sacramento Bee (September 21, 2004) D1.]

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Protecting Our Ocean: California's Action Strategy: Final Report to the Governor. By the California Resources Agency and the California Environmental Protection Agency. (The Agencies, Sacramento, California) September 2004. 39 p.

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["Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger unveiled a plan to protect coastal waters from pollution and preserve disappearing sea life, making California the first state to begin following recommendations of two national ocean commissions. The plan recommends that the governor ask President Bush to get behind an array of reforms to curtail polluted runoff, overfishing, coastal development and other threats..... The plan also urges state officials to move forward quickly to implement a law to establish a Cabinet-level Ocean Protection Council to coordinate ocean cleanups, work to increase the abundance and diversity of fish and support ocean-dependent industries." Los Angeles Times (October 19, 2004) 1.]

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Enforcing the Clean Water Act in the Twenty-First Century: Harnessing the Power of the Public Spotlight. By Clifford Rechtschaffen, Environmental Law Program, Golden Gate University School of Law. Prepared for the Center for Progressive Regulation. (The Center, Riderwood, Maryland) October 2004. 44 p.

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["More than 30 years after passage of the Federal Clean Water Act, many states lack the money to provide enough regulation, according to a study. Budget problems mean California enforces just 23 percent of federal wastewater standards and monitors just 60 percent of storm water regulations." San Jose Mercury news (October 11, 2004) 1.]

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Paradise Regained: Solutions for Restoring Yosemite's Hetch Hetchy Valley. By Spreck Rosekrans and others. (Environmental Defense, New York, New York) September 2004.

["The authors of the report argue that water quality, supply and storage, as well as power generation, could be maintained if the Hetch Hetchy Valley, in the Sierra Nevada mountains about 160 miles east of San Francisco, were drained and restored. The study proposes a variety of alternative water and power sources for the San Francisco Bay area and the Central Valley if the O'Shaughnessy Dam were taken down." Sacramento Bee (September 28, 2004) 1.]

Executive Summary. 20 p.

Full Report. Various pagings.

[Request #S4183]

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Appropriations Update: Last-Minute Progress. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief. 04-08. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 13, 2004. 7 p.

["Before adjourning, the House and Senate passed the conference reports to the fiscal year 2005 Homeland Security, District of Columbia and Military Construction spending bills. A disaster-assistance package was included in the Military Construction bill.... This budget brief discusses the recent actions."]

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Better Planning Needed to Help Ensure an Effective Port Security Assessment Program. By the U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO-04-1062 (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 29 p.

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["Although the revised program holds promise, the implementation approach is at increased risk because the Coast Guard is not taking sufficient steps in the planning process. Contrary to best practices for technology systems development, the GIS is being developed without sufficient up-front work to identify how the system will be expected to perform."]

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FY 2005 is Here -- A Budget is Not. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief 04-07. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 7, 2004. 12 p.

["Even though October 1, 2004, marked the start of fiscal year 2005, Congress has yet to finish work on the FY 2005 appropriations process. This budget brief highlights the status of the budget process and the potential impact on states."]

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FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-33 - 04-34. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 8-19, 2004. Various pagings.

["Includes: "Small Grants Program for Cancer Epidemiology;" "Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology;" "Solid Waste Management Grants;" "Pesticide Misuse Initiative Program Request For Proposals;" "Environmental Laboratory Improvement Support Grants Program;" and others. ]

[Request #S4193]

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Proposition 65: Local Government Funds, Revenues, and State Mandates: Hearing. Presented to Senate Committee on Local Government and the Assembly Committee on Local Government. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) September 22, 2004. Various pagings.

[NOTE: The sponsors of Proposition 65 no longer endorse their measure and instead are supporting Proposition 1A. Includes: "Background Material;" "What Would Proposition 1A Mean for State and Local Government Finance?" "Proposition 1A: Protection of Local Government Revenues;" "Staff Briefing Paper for the Informational Hearing;" and others.]

[Request #S409]

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What Would Proposition 1A Mean for State and Local Government Finance? Budget Brief. By Jean Ross, the California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) September 2004. 12 p.

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["Proposition 1A, a constitutional amendment placed on the ballot by the Legislature as part of the 2004-05 budget agreement, would fundamentally change the fiscal relationship between the state and local governments. Proposition 1A limits the state’s ability to reallocate local revenues in order to achieve state policy goals and requires the state to reimburse local governments for mandated programs and services on a timely basis."]

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City Fiscal Conditions in 2004. By Michael A. Pagano, Great Cities Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago. (National League of Cities, Washington, DC) September 2004. 27 p.

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["America’s cities were less able to meet their financial needs in 2004, and expectations for 2005 are equally grim, according to a new report. Revenues are not keeping pace with increases in spending for public safety and infrastructure, and growing costs of employee health benefits, pensions and wages." Publisher's Announcement (September 21, 2004) 1.]

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Charlette Cuno, et al. v. DaimlerChrysler, Inc., et al. U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit. 01-3960. September 2, 2004. Various pagings.

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["A court threw into question the arms race among states to secure new business investment and jobs through incentives, when it ruled that an investment tax credit Ohio gave DaimlerChrysler in 1998 to build a Jeep plant was unconstitutional. The court, which also has jurisdiction over Michigan, Kentucky and Tennessee, said Ohio's investment tax credit gives preferential treatment to companies to locate in Ohio rather than in other states and therefore violates the interstate commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution." Detroit Free Press (September 2, 2004) 1.]

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Health Care: Are You Better Off Today than You Were Four Years Ago? By Kathleen Stoll and Kim Jones, Families USA. (Families USA, Washington, DC) September 2004. 56 p.

["[The authors] found that, even using the government’s own conservative estimates of health insurance premium growth, the premiums paid by workers rose nearly three times faster than the average U.S. earnings from 2000 to 2004. Workers’ health premium costs grew by 35.9 percent, while the average earnings over the same period rose by only 12.4 percent. Consequently, health insurance premiums have consumed a growing share of earnings over the past four years."]

Full Report. 56 p.:

State Fact Sheets. Various pagings.:

[Request #S4197]

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Reimbursement for Emergency Health Care Costs for Aliens. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-46. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 6, 2004. 3 p.

["The Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 appropriated a total of $1 billion for federal fiscal years 2005-2008 to reimburse hospitals for emergency health services provided to aliens. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has published preliminary state allocations for a $250 million for hospitals in FY 2005; final allocations are expected shortly. CMS also reversed a previously announced requirement that hospitals request information from patients about their immigration status."]

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A System in Continued Crisis. By the California Medical Board. (The Board, Sacramento, California.) 2004. 21 p.

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["Emergency departments drained $635 million from California hospitals and doctors in fiscal year 2002 as a growing number of uninsured residents turned to them for care, according to a report. The fourth annual report on emergency room losses found that deficits reported by hospitals and doctors increased 18 percent between fiscal year 2000-2001 and fiscal year 2001-2002, the most recent year for which statistics are available. " San Francisco Chronicle (September 22, 2004) 1.]

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"Rising Health Care Costs, Medical Debt and Chronic Conditions." By Ha T. Tu, Center for Studying Health System Change. Issue Brief; No. 88 (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2004. 5 p.

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["More than one in five of the 57 million working-age Americans with chronic medical conditions had problems paying medical bills last year, according to a report... Insured and uninsured alike struggled last year to pay out-of-pocket costs, in some cases delaying needed treatment because the price tag was too high, the study found." Sacramento Bee (September 23, 2004) 1.]

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FY 2006 FMAPs. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-41. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 28, 2004. 10 p.

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["The release of state per capita income data for calendar years 2001 through 2003 permits calculation of fiscal year 2006 federal Medicaid matching rates -- FMAP (Federal Medical Assistance Percentage). Based on this data ... nine states will receive increases in FMAP... and 29 will experience declines."]

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R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al. v. Sandra Shewry, et al. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 03-16535. September 28, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:$file/0316535.pdf?openelement

["California doesn't violate tobacco companies' free-speech rights by using cigarette tax money to produce anti-smoking ads that portray tobacco executives as callous and amoral, a divided federal appeals court ruled.... 'When the government acts as a speaker, it may espouse views that directly contradict those of taxpayers (the companies) without interfering with taxpayers' freedom of expression,' Judge Raymond Fisher wrote in the majority opinion. Dissenting Judge Stephen Trott called the state's use of the tobacco tax 'the ultimate cheap shot,' because it requires a small, 'particularly disfavored group' of taxpayers to subsidize a message that damages the group's reputation. He also said it set a dangerous precedent." San Francisco Chronicle (September 29, 2004) B2.]

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"Payment Due: Mercy Healthcare Leads Its Peers in the County in Going after Unpaid Accounts, Leaving Patients -- Many Who Lack Insurance -- with Few Options." By Will Evans and Lisa Rapaport. IN: Sacramento Bee (September 26, 2004) A1+.

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["When patients don't get financial help from the hospital charity, Medi-Cal or some other government health program, they discover another pitfall of being uninsured: higher hospital bills. Hospitals mark up their sticker prices to make sure their costs are covered even after deep discounts to insurers, hospital executives say. That inflation is so great that typically the actual cost of providing hospital care is 20 to 30 percent of the price that appears on patients' bills, state records show."]

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Flow of Funds Brief. By Financial Markets Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 16, 2004. 2 p.

Full Text at:

["During the second quarter of 2004, housing values bubbled to new heights and Americans became increasingly dependent on their homes to generate a larger share of their wealth. Drawing on just-released Federal Reserve Board data, this report examines the details along with the implications for homeowners and mortgage lenders." Moving Ideas (September 23, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4204]

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Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight's House Price Index Shows Largest One Year Increase Since 1970's. By Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 1, 2004. 62 p.

Full Text at:

["Home price increases in the Bay Area's largest urban centers trailed those in Central and Southern California as well as some of the region's smaller cities in the second quarter, according to a federal study that tracks repeat sales of the same properties." San Francisco Chronicle (September 2, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4205]

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State Policy Choices: Child Support. By the National Center for Children in Poverty. (The Center, New York, New York) September 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at:

["This fact sheet explains that for low-income families, state child support enforcement efforts can have significant impact on their income, but many of these families receive little or none of the money collected on their behalf."]

[Request #S4206]

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A Profile of Older Adults in Sacramento County. By the Sacramento County Adult and Aging Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California.) 2004. 90 p.

Full Text at:

["Many of Sacramento County's older residents face low incomes once they stop working; trouble getting around when they stop driving; a lack of geriatricians when they become ill; and expensive assisted living when they can no longer live on their own. A first-ever profile of today's growing 60-and-older population in Sacramento County suggests the situation will get worse.... More than 9,000 county seniors had average incomes of only $6,305." Sacramento Bee (September 25, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4207]

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Housing and Homelessness [Special Issue.] IN: Child Welfare, vol. 83, no. 5 (September/October 2004) pp. 389-528.

[Includes: "Child Welfare Involvement Among Children in Homelsess Families;" "Reaching the Hard to Reach: Innovative Housing for Homeless Youth Through Strategic Partnerships;" "Can't Do It Alone: Housing Collaborations to Improve Foster Youth Outcomes;" and others. NOTE: Housing and Homelessness ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4208]

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Emergency Highway Funding. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-45. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 5, 2004. 5 p.

["Most federal funds for emergency reconstruction of local infrastructure come through emergency appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency.... While funding for road reconstruction may proceed this way, the Emergency Relief highways program provides a standardized structure for reimbursing states and local governments for highway reconstruction."]

[Request #S4209]

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Hazardous Materials Planning and Training Grants Released." By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 04-40. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 22, 2004. 2 p.

["The U.S. Department of Transportation announced ... $12.8 million in Hazardous Materials Planning and Training Grants awarded to states, territories and Native American tribal governments for use in federal fiscal year 2005. These project grants are used for planning and training to improve response to hazardous-material transportation incidents."]

[Request #S4210]

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Federal Formula Grants: Federal Transit Assistance Programs. By Tim Ransdell and Shervin Boloorian, Public Policy Institute of California (The Institute, San Francisco, California) September 2004. 91 p.

Full Text at:

["California has received more federal transit funding than any other state through the two major types of federal transit assistance -- 'formula grants' and 'capital investment grants.' This report describes the data sources and formula programs used to determine the share each state receives in formula transit funds."]

[Request #S4211]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry. By Joan Petersilia. (Oxford University Press, New York, New York) 2003. 236 p.

["In 2003, well over half a million jailed Americans will leave prison and return to society. What happens when a large percentage of inner-city men, mostly black and Hispanic, are regularly extracted, imprisoned, and then returned a few years later in worse shape and with dimmer prospects than when they committed the crime resulting in their imprisonment? A crisis looms, and the criminal justice and social welfare system is wholly unprepared to confront it." Publisher's Announcement (2003) 1.]

[Request #S4212]

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The Rise of the States: Evolution of American State Government. By Jon C. Teaford. (John C. Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland) 2002. 272 p.

["State governments responded creatively to the tough economic times with policy changes, reforms, a rapid increase of centralization and an emphasis on expertise. States took control of such things as relief for the unemployed and schools, as many localities were unable to handle them. States were willing to work togeher to gain expertise and keep their place in the federal system. The detailed evolution of the rise of state government presented in this book make a strong effort to prove that those who predicted the death of state government were indeed mistaken." Publisher's Announcement (2002) 1.]

[Request #S4213]

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The Test of Time: Coping with Legislative Term Limits. Edited by Rick Farmer and others. (Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland) 2003. 298 p.

["Case studies of key states offer depth and context for understanding the shifting institutional changes wrought by term limits at the state level.... Cross-state comparisons examine how legislatures, legislators, and political linkages -- such as lobbying and electoral competition -- have been affected by the imposition of legislative term limits." Publisher's Announcement (2003) 1.]

[Request #S4214]

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"Dads as Breastfeeding Advocates: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial of an Educational Intervention." By Adam J. Wolfberg and others. IN: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 191, no. 3 (September 2004) pp. 708-712.

["The authors developed a breastfeeding class for expectant fathers in which fathers could test their beliefs about breastfeeding and then experiment with the message of the class, which was that men can be advocates for their partner and the health of their newborn by facilitating their partner's decision to breastfeed." Maternal and Child Health Alert (October 15, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4215]

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