April 2013 Women's
Harriet Strong (1844–1926)
Born in New York, Harriet Russell Strong moved west with her family as a child. In 1867, she and her husband purchased 320 acres of Southern California land. At 39, widowed, in debt and with four daughters to raise, she tried her hand at growing walnuts, which were not considered suitable for a dry climate. Harriet's walnuts thrived due to irrigation systems she devised and for which she was awarded two of her five patents. As an advocate for water conservation, she presented a plan before Congress to dam the Colorado River.
A passion for discovery: California women trailblazers
in science, technology, engineering and math
The April Women's History online calendar shines a spotlight on four remarkable women from California history who achieved success in STEM fields – science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The calendar is produced by the California State Library, California Research Bureau and California Commission on the Status of Women and Girls. Images and biographical material are from the State Library's extensive collection of photos, prints, rare books and ephemera documenting the state's rich history.