Subject: Studies in the News 01-25

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

August 1851 - "We learn that the various tribes of Indians occupying the region of country between San Bernardino and the Mercede River, having become very uneasy in consequence of the violation of the promises made in treaty stipulations, have signified their desire to have another grand 'talk'.... It is understood that there will be a large attendance of Indians at the gathering on the 15th. "  Alta Californian (August 7, 2001) 3.  

August 1851 - "The cause of their recent disaffection, is the late attack made upon the tribe on King's River by a party of whites under Major Harvey. They have lost confidence in the whites, and are at present greatly incensed and disturbed.... It has been an easy matter heretofore to secure the fidelity of the Indians, but where he sees that there is no confidence to be placed in the white man, the establishment of peaceful relations becomes a difficult matter."  Alta Californian (August 7, 1851) 3.  

Contents This Week

   Defense lacks technology resources
   Drug court treatment services
   Hispanic firearm violence
   High-profile shooting guns
   Computerization in police functions
   Adolescent dating violence
   Immigrant and farmworker undercounts
   National demographic future
   Undisclosed advertising on Internet
   Minority businesses' Internet use
   TV violence, language and pornography
   Polluter contribution analysis
   Midwest energy efficiency
   Preschool formal reading instruction
   Reading concepts for preschoolers
   College-attendance gap
   Higher math and higher earnings
   Schooling for displaced workers
   Job centers and urban sprawl
   Environmental protection of farm land
   Fuel efficiency standards
   Water quality at beaches
   Healthy beaches and economy
   Clean energy options
   Wildlife corridors
   Decommissioning offshore oil and gas structures
   Native American and Hispanic Indians
   Campaign contribution limits
   Soft money and issue advocacy
   Paying for e-government services
   Developing e-government
   Government information systems
   Punitive damage awards
   State performance budgeting systems
   Financing infrastructure investment
   Senior HIV risk
   New Medicaid cancer treatment options
   Pediatric preventative care guidelines
   National ambulatory medical care survey
   Welfare reform and health insurance
   Teen-targeted cigarette advertising
   Housing costly for working families
   Aging multi-cultural baby boomers
   Food Stamp Reauthorization
   Aid to illegal immigrants
   At-risk people share resilience
   Relationship between Korea and California
   NAFTA debate
   FTAA - Alternative proposals
   FTAA agreement draft
   Trade agreements Senate hearing
   Children's hazardous automobile seating
   Bay Area transportation plan
   Newspaper industry decline
   Global college graduation rates
   School reform options
   Proposed Medicare changes
   Anti-smoking program allocations
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



"Defense and the Justice Enterprise." By Wayne Hanson. IN: Crime and the Tech Effect (April 2001) pp. 8-11.

["In the justice enterprise, defense often gets no respect and few technology resources.... In many cases in the justice enterprise, the defense bar is a second-class citizen with meager resources, few grants and skimpy technology."]

[Request #S2242]

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Treatment Services in Adult Drug Courts: Report on the 1999 National Drug Court Treatment Survey: Executive Summary. By Elizabeth A. Peyton and Robert Gossweiler. Prepared for the National Treatment Accountability for Safer Communities, Department of Justice. NCJ 188086. (The Department, Washington, DC) May 2001. 20 p.

Full Text at:

["Almost two-thirds (64 percent) of the courts report that they can provide eight or more treatment interventions. These findings suggest that most drug courts have access to a broad continuum of care."]

[Request #S2243]

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Hispanics and Firearms Violence. By the Violence Policy Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2001. 19 p.

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["First-time analysis of all available information on Hispanic gun violence, includes information on criminal victimization, domestic violence, nonfatal firearm injuries and suicide.... Additionally, the report examines information from three geographic regions with large Hispanic populations and comprehensive data: The states of California and Texas, and the City of Chicago." Sacramento Bee (May 26, 2001) B7.]

[Request #S2244]

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Where'd They Get Their Guns? An Analysis of the Firearms Used in High-Profile Shootings, 1963 to 2001. By the Violence Policy Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2001. 82 p.

Full Text at: www.vpc/org/graphics/where.pdf

["This report looks at 65 high-profile shootings over the past four decades. The bulk of the shootings are from 1980 onwards; of these 59 shootings -- a handgun was used in 71 percent of the shootings.... In 62 percent, the handguns were acquired legally.... In 71 percent of the long-gun shootings, the guns were acquired legally."]

[Request #S2245]

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"Police Information Technology: Assessing the Effects of Computerization on Urban Police Functions." By Samuel Nunn. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 61, no. 2 (March/April 2001) pp. 221-234.

["This article examines computerization in 188 municipal police agencies in 1993 in cities with populations of 100,000 or more.... Highly computerized cities reported larger shares of employees in technical positions, spent more per capita, and reported fewer officers per capita than cities with lower computerization levels. These relationships held after controlling for independent influences such a density, fiscal capacity, crime levels, and population."]

[Request #S2246]

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Dating Violence Against Adolescent Girls and Associated Substance Use, Unhealthy Weight Control, Sexual Risk Behavior, Pregnancy and Suicidality. By Jay G. Silverman and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 23 (August 1, 2001)pp. 572-579.

["A new report suggests that one in five adolescent girls become the victims of physical or sexual violence, or both, in a dating relationship. The experience of such violence, the researchers found, is frequently associated with serious health problems, including drug abuse, unhealthy weight loss attempts." IN: New York Times (August 1, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S2247]

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Census 2000 Undercount of Immigrants and Farmworkers in Rural California Communities. By Ilene J. Jacobs, Calfornia Rural Legal Assistance, Inc. (California Rural Legal Assistance Inc., Marysville, California) August 1, 2001. 31 p.

["Census 2000 presents a distorted portrait of migrant and seasonal farmworkers, according to a report released by one of the oldest and most respected farmworker advocacy groups in the state. The report found that efforts the Census Bureau made to employ Spanish-speaking outreach workers helped make this census more accurate. But the report also found that the census undercount 'of migrant and seasonal farmworkers remains unacceptably high.'" San Jose Mercury News (August 8, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S2248]

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A Demographic Perspective on Our Nation's Future. By Peter A. Morrison, Population Matters, Rand Documented Briefing. DB-320-WFHF/DLPF/RF. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) [2001.] 50 p.

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["This documented briefing describes demographic trends in the United States, considers their social and economic implications, and reflects on the challenges they pose for public policy. It begins by placing these trends in global perspective.... An important consequence ... is the transformation of populations around the world into adult consumers, facilitated by smaller families and rising per capita income."]

[Request #S2249]

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Deceptive Advertising Complaint Against AltaVista Co., AOL Time Warner Inc., Direct Hit Technologies, iWon Inc., LookSmart Ltd., Microsoft Corp. and Terra Lycos S.A: Letter. By Commercial Alert. (Commercial Alert, Portland, Oregon) July 16, 2001. 2 p.

["Eight major search engines commonly used to find information on the Internet are misleading consumers by not disclosing the influence of paid advertising on search results, a consumer watchdog group charged.... The complaint filed said advertiser-sponsored search links are widespread. It singled out the practice of 'paid inclusion,' under which a search engine guarantees to list pages from a Web site that pays for the privilege, though it does not necessarily guarantee a prominent position in the search results." Los Angeles Times (July 17, 2001) C1.]

[Request #S2250]

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Minority Businesses' Use of Internet Technology. By Waldo Lopez-Aqueres, Tomas Rivera Policy Institute. (The Institute, Claremont, California) July 19, 2001. 41 p.

[Study: Minority Businesses Not Taking Advantage of e-Commerce: The study discovered that although relatively few businesses use the technology to sell, more than 60 percent of the respondents -- 91 percent of them connected to the Internet -- clearly recognize the benefits of e-commerce. Despite access to technology, the belief that products don't lend themselves to online sales and a lack of technological knowledge keeps many minority business owners away from e-commerce." Orange County Register (July 20, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S2127]

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The Sour Family Hour: 8 to 9 Goes from Bad to Worse. By the Parents Television Council. (The Council, Los Angeles, California) 2001. 7 p.

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["The study looked at the family hour, which is 8:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. Violence was shown on average 2.8 times per hour, 70 percent more than the 1998-1999 review. The number of swear words rose by 78 percent. The shows were more likely to involve topics such as oral sex and pornography. Because of this, the study said, the shows overall were raunchier than the family hour and post-family hour shows ten years ago." Reuters (August 1, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2251]

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Special Deals For Special Interests: An Analysis Of Polluter Contributions And The House Of Representatives Energy Bill. By U.S. Public Interest Research Group. (The Group, Sacramento, California) July 31, 2001. 16 p.

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["The energy industry showered $ 18.4 million on House members in the past election, according to a U.S. PIRG analysis... House Energy and Commerce Committee members who opposed a Democratic amendment to toughen fuel economy standards for cars received, on average, four times as much in contributions from the energy industry as members who supported the amendment. The panel did approve a modest increase in the standard, calling on the auto industry to save 5 billion gallons between 2004 and 2010." Washington Post (August 01, 2001) A1.]

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Repowering the Midwest: Executive Summary By Synapse Energy Economics and others. (Environmental Law and Policy Center, Chicago, Illinois) August 2001. 16 p.

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["The use of more efficient air conditioners, lighting for office buildings and industrial motors could significantly slow the need for more electricity over the next 20 years, said Howard Learner, executive director of the Environmental Law and Policy Center in Chicago. 'Energy efficiency is the best, fastest, cheapest way to prevent California-style power problems,' Learner said. 'There are just huge opportunities in the Midwest to increase energy efficiency.'" Associated Press (August 15, 2001)]

[Request #S2253]

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Much Too Early. By David Elkind. Education Matters. (Hoover Institution, Stanford, California) Summer 2001. 8 p.

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["It is during the early years, ages four to seven, when children's basic attitudes toward themselves as students and toward learning and school are established.... Children who were introduced to formal instruction in reading later(closer to seven), however, were more motivated and spontaneous readers than those who had begun early."]

[Request #S2254]

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Much Too Late. By Grover J. Whitehurst. Education Matters. (Hoover Institution, Stanford, California) Summer 2001. 10p.

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["Children who began to learn about print, sounds and writing in preschool were more likely to be ready to read at the end of kindergarten and more likely to be reading successfully in elementary school. These effects were much stronger than the influence of children's vocabulary and general cognitive abilities in the preschool period."]

[Request #S2255]

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The College-Attendance Gap. By the Economic Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) July 18, 2001. 2 p.

["Despite all the press attention currently given to student test scores, most research suggests that future career success is determined not by these scores, but rather by college attendance. Not surprisingly, much of this research shows that children of more-educated parents are more likely to go to college. One explanation is that parents with higher levels of education also have higher incomes and are better able to afford college tuition for their children." Electronic Policy Network (July 18, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2256]

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Math Matters: The Links Between High School Curriculum, College Graduation, and Earnings. By Heather Rose and Julian R. Betts, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2001. 176 p.

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["Higher Math in High School Means Higher Earnings Later: [The authors] find a strong relationship between taking advanced math courses in high school and earnings 10 years after graduation. For their analyses, they used data collected in the High School and Beyond survey of a representative sample of students who were in grade 10 in 1980." PPIC Research Brief #48 (July 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2257]

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"The Returns of Going Back to School for Displaced Workers. By Robert LaLonde. IN: Poverty Research News, vol. 3, no. 4 (July-August 2001) pp. 14-15.

["To determine the impact of community college on subsequent earnings, LaLonde and his colleagues analyzed data from unemployment insurance earnings records and community college transcripts for displaced workers... The type of coursework undertaken is critical to future earnings. Concentrating on courses that focus on technically oriented vocational skills or science and math result in much higher returns than does a focus on other types of coursework."]

[Request #S2258]

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Job Sprawl: Employment Location in the U.S. Metropolitan Area. By the Brookings Institution. (The Institution, Washington, DC) May 2001. 8 p.

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["The report examines the location of jobs in the 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas.... Along with San Francisco, Fresno also ranked on the list of dense employment metros where 25% or more of the metro employment is within 3 miles of the Central Business District (CBD). Anaheim, San Jose and Sacramento are listed among the centralized employment metros where 10-25% of the metro employment is within 3 miles of the CBD and more than 60% is within 10 miles.... Finally, Los Angeles and Riverside/San Bernardino were ranked among the extremely decentralized employment metros where less than 10% of metro employment is within 3 miles of the CBD."]

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Food for Thought: The Case for Reforming Farm Programs to Preserve the Environment and Help Family Farmers, Ranchers and Foresters. By Timothy Searchinger and others, Environmental Defense Fund and others. (The Fund, Washington, DC) 2001. 38 p.

["Farmers in many areas say they are trying to operate more lightly on the land but lack financial support for wildlife protection, water pollution cleanup and saving farmland from urban sprawl. Thousands of farmers who seek federal conservation assistance are turned away as more than $2 billion in conservation projects await funding." Los Angeles Times (July 20, 2001) A2.]

[Request #S2260]

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Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards. By the Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2001. 233 p.

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["A long-awaited scientific study concluded that U.S. auto makers have the ability to significantly increase the fuel economy of sport-utility vehicles and passenger cars, a finding expected to boost efforts in Congress to raise the miles-per-gallon standards for the first time in years. 'The committee found a variety of technologies, both new and emerging, that could be implemented in the next 10 to 15 years that would result in significant improvements in fuel economy,' said Paul Porney, chairman of the National Academy of Sciences Panel that studied the issue." Los Angeles Times (July 21, 2001) A1.]

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Testing the Waters 2001: Clean Water & Oceans: In Depth: Report; A Guide to Water Quality at Vacation Beaches. By the Natural Resources Defense Council. (The Council, Washington, DC) August 2001. Various pagings.

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["Study: State Beaches Not So Balmy: California called the nation's leader in pollution closures. The Council's 11th annual survey of beach water quality reported a 63 percent increase in California beach closures and advisories over the past two years. They rose for the fourth consecutive year." Sacramento Bee (August 9, 2001) A3.]

[Request #S2262]

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A Healthy Beach is Good for the Economy. By L. Cheryl Runyon, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 9, No. 31. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) August/September 2001. 2 p.

["Beaches are Big Business: Each day a beach is closed, state and local businesses lose money. California beaches attract tourists who provide $10.6 billion in revenues, supply 500,000 jobs and generate $1 billion in state taxes each year.... Beach advisories and closings due to high bacteria levels are increasing."]

[Request #S2263]

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A New Energy Future Options For A Smarter, Cleaner Energy Future. By Brad Heavner, U.S. Public Interest Research Group. (The Group, Washington, DC) May 2001. 40 p.

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["A new report indicates that a quarter of the state's electricity could be provided by renewable energy by 2010.... 'The report basically looked at how much renewable energy potential there is in the future, and how fast can we put (it) on-line,' said CalPIRG's Brad Heavner..... Heavner said the report focuses on three areas of alternative energy -- solar, wind and geothermal -- which the state could produce more cheaply than paying for natural gas plants." City News Service (July 3, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2264]

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Missing Linkages: Restoring Connectivity to the California Landscape. By California Wilderness Coalition and others. (The Coalition, Davis, California) August 7, 2001. 79 p.

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["A team of biologists representing the state and several conservation groups has identified more than 300 natural pathways throughout California thought to be vital to the survival of dozens of wildlife species. Their survey of wildlife corridors is a key step in an ambitious process that ultimately could lead to preserving or restoring many of the pathways. Scientists hope to forge a network of such links to allow animals to move back and forth across parks, wildlife preserves and other wild lands in the nation's most populous state." Los Angeles Times (August 7, 2001) A1.

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The Politics, Economics, and Ecology of Decommissioning Offshore Oil and Gas Structures. By Michael Vincent McGinnis and others. (U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region, Camarillo, California) March 2001. 107 p.

["This report addresses three primary questions: (1) What are the potential costs and benefits of various options to decommission California OCS [outer continental shelf] oil and gas structures? (2) What is the history of California's artificial reef program, and how does it fit into the current policy debate over rigs-to-reefs as an alternative to complete removal of platforms slated for decommissioning? (3) What is the history of state artificial reef and rigs-to-reefs programs in the Gulf of Mexico OCS?"]

[Request #S2266]

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"Hispanic Indians Increase in California, Part of New Workforce." By John Hubner. IN: San Jose Mercury News (August 6, 2001) A1.

["In the past 10 years, California's American Indian population grew so fast the state displaced Oklahoma as home to the most Indians. That remarkable growth comes not from an upswing in Americans proudly claiming Indian heritage or even from last year's more accurate census count, but from a more unlikely source: Indians immigrating in vast numbers from Mexico."] [Request #S]

[Request #S2267]

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Competition Policy for Elections: Do Campaign Contribution Limits Matter? By Thomas Stratmann and Francisco J. Aparicio-Castillo, George Mason University. (The University, Fairfax, Virginia) 2001. 29 p.; Appendices.

["This study treats each of the states with single member districts as campaign finance reform laboratories. It examines the effects of the laws enacted in the 1980s and 1990s, using the competitiveness of elections and incumbent victory as outcomes of the political process. "]

[Request #S2268]

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Election Advocacy: Soft Money and Issue Advocacy in the 2000 Congressional Elections. By David B. Magleby, Center for the Study of Elections and Democracy, Brigham Young University. (The Center, Salt Lake City, Utah) 2001. 45 p.

[Includes: "Outside Money in 1996 and 1998;" "Competitive 2000 Elections in Context;" "Issue Advocacy in the 2000 Congressional Elections;" "The Air War;" "The Ground War;" "Independent Expenditures and Internal Communications;" and others.]

[Request #S2269]

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"States Study Best Methods of Delivering, Paying for Various E-government Services." By Diane Schenk, Midwestern Office of the Council of State Governments. IN: Firstline Midwest, vol. 8, no. 6. (June 2001) pp. 1-4.

["The Internet ... is changing the way governments interact with other governments, with businesses and with citizens.... Currently, there are three main methods of funding state investments in the Internet. First, money can come from the state's general revenue fund.... One alternative is to charge user fees.... A third, more controversial method is the selling of advertising space on government Web sites."]

[Request #S2270]

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"E-Government: Developing State Communications in a Free Media Environment." By Douglas Galbi. IN: Information Impacts (February 2001) pp. 18-28.

Full Text at:

["The future may benefit from a much broader and more significant role for government communications.... Cheaper, more capable communications channels provide governments with an important new tool for providing government services, enhancing democratic political discourse, and promoting private economic development."]

[Request #S2271]

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"Realizing the Promise: Government Information Systems and the Fourth Generation of Information Technology." By David Landsbergen and George Wolken. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 61, no. 2 (March/April 2001) pp. 206-220.

["This article argues that interoperability is more than getting bits and bytes to flow properly -- fundamentally, the goal of interoperability is the much more difficult problem of getting people and organizations to share information in an information-technology environment."]

[Request #S2272]

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"Juries, Judges, and Punitive Damages: An Empirical Study." By Theodore Eisenberg and others. IN: Cornell Law Review (Forthcoming, March 2002) pp.1-37.

["A comprehensive study of nearly 9,000 trials across the country has found that judges award punitive damages about as often as juries and generally in about the same proportions. The role of judges in awarding punitive damages was 'surprisingly prominent,' adding that moves to limit punitive awards by juries 'may be a solution in search of a problem.'" Sacramento Bee (August 6, 2001) A6.]

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"Budgeters' Views of State Performance-Budgeting Systems: Distinctions across Branches." By Julia E. Melkers and Katherine G. Willoughby. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 61, no. 1 (January/February 2001) pp. 54-64.

["We surveyed legislative and executive budgeters from the 50 states, asking them for their impressions of performamce-budgeting implementation in their state.... Our findings indicate that implementation of performance-based budgeting systems is proceeding slowly. While there are some benefits to highlight, results show that implementing performance budgeting is not without problems -- perhaps the greatest being differing perceptions of use and success among budget players, particularly across branches of government."]

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Financing State and Local Government Infrastructure Investment. By Randall Wray, Center for Full Employment and Price Stability, University of Missouri. Policy Note 2001/2. (The Center, Kansas City, Missouri) 2001. 7 p.

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["In this note, I will examine policy that might encourage greater public infrastructure investment. Much of the discussion will center around H.R. 1452, a bill that was introduced to the House of Representatives in 1999. This bill provided a novel financing method, the primary purpose of which was to provide interest-free loans to state and local governments that would use the money to improve infrastructure."]

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"Never Too Old -- for Sex or AIDS: There Is No Age Exemption for Safe Sex, but Seniors Are Not Getting the Message." By Michelle Nicolosi. IN: Washington Post (July 17, 2001) p. HE10.

["According to the CDC, for the first 16 years of the AIDS epidemic the rate of new AIDS cases that were diagnosed among seniors held 'steady' at around 10% of all cases, but the rate began an 'ominous' climb in 1997 to 11.6%, rising to 12.7% in 1998 and 13.4% in 1999.... The increase in the number of cases is 'forcing' health officials to 'rethink attitudes about the elderly.'" Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report (July 17, 2001) 1.

[Request #S2276]

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New Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Option Adopted By States. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 01-42. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 3, 2001 4 p.

["The new Medicaid option permits states to provide full Medicaid benefits to all uninsured women under the age of 65 with breast and/or cervical cancer or pre-cancerous conditions diagnosed through the CDC program.... Nationwide including screenings through September 30, 2000, the CDC program had diagnosed 8,419 cases of breast cancer, 41,937 pre-cancerous cervical lesions and 666 cervical cancers in women under 65.... Most states expect to use general funds to cover new Medicaid expenses incurred by this program."]

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“Effectiveness of Compliance with Pediatric Preventive Care Guidelines Among Medicaid Beneficiaries.” By R.B. Hakim and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 108 no. 1 (July 2001) pp. 90-97.

["A series of well-child visits maintained during the first 2 years of life has a positive effect on health outcomes as indicated by a decrease in avoidable health outcomes among poor and near-poor children, regardless of race, level of poverty, or health status. National efforts to improve the quality of child health services should focus on increasing compliance with periodic preventive care for young children."]

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"National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 1999 Summary." By Danald K. Cherry and others, National Center for Health Statistics, Department of Health and Human Serivces. IN: Advance Data. Number 322. (July 17, 2001) pp. 1-36.

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["New guidelines have led doctors to treat many conditions -- such as high blood pressure, diabetes and asthma -- more aggressively, often by using more than one drug.... The survey's findings also suggest that drug advertising -- including the promotion of drugs directly to the public -- may be contributing to the trend." Washington Post (July 18, 2001) A2.]

[Request #S2278]

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Health Insurance Coverage for Children and Their Caregivers in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods. By Rondald J. Angel and others. Welfare Children and Families: A Three-City Study. Policy Brief 01-2. (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland) July 2001. 8 p.

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["Medicaid represents the major component of the health care safety net for poor children and their families in the study. Relatively few are covered by employer-sponsored plans or other forms of health insurance. The longer families are off welfare, the less likely they are to be covered by any type of health insurance. A larger percentage of Mexican-Americans, compared to other Hispanics or African-Americans, lack coverage."]

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"The Master Settlement Agreement with the Tobacco Industry and Cigarette Advertising in Magazines." By Charles King, III and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 345, no. 7 (August 16, 2001) pp. 7504-511.

["The multibillion-dollor national tobacco pact has failed to end a torrent of cigarette advertising targeted at teenage magazine readers, a study has found.... The report says cigarette-makers have kept up a high level of spending for magazine ads targeted at children in middle and high school.... The study's authors say magazine ads for cigarette brands popular with teenagers reached 82 percent of them last year." San Francisco Chronicle (August 16, 2001) A3.]

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Paycheck to Paycheck: Working Families and the Cost of Housing in America. By National Housing Conference. (The Conference, Washington, DC) 2001. 52 p.

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[“A new analysis … describes the overall number and characteristics of working families with critical housing needs, defined as either paying more than 50% of income for housing costs or living in a severely dilapidated unit. An occupational wage analysis examines whether working families who earn prevailing wages for selected occupations are able to pay reasonable costs for housing in the communities in which they live. Retail salespersons can afford to rent a one-bedroom apartment on 30% of their income in only 3 of 60 localities studied.” HandsNet (July 6, 2001) 1.]

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In the Middle: A Report on Multicultural Boomers Coping With Family and Aging Issues: Executive Summary. By the American Association for Retired Persons. (The Association, Washington, DC) July 2001. 28 p.

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["To some extent, different ethnic groups care for different relatives. For example, about a quarter of the African-Americans and Hispanics surveyed helped care for children other than their own, like grandchildren, nieces, nephews, neighbors and friends. But only 11 percent of the whites and 17 percent of the Asian- Americans provided such care.... Asian-American families provide the most care for their older relatives, and white families the least, the report says." New York Times (July 11, 2001) A1.]

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Food Stamp Reauthorization: A Year Early? By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 01-43. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 3, 2001. 3 p.

["The House Agriculture Committee approved its version of the farm bill. This Issue Brief summarizes the Food Stamp provisions contained in the bill.... Regulations published in November 2000 granted states additional administrative authority for the Food Stamp program, including the option to modify client income reporting requirements and adjust vehicle asset limit policies.... Recent studies have suggested that complex rules and reporting requirements have contributed to the decline in program participation. Moreover, states believe that simplified program rules would reduce payment errors and program cost."]

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"Aid Flows to Illegal Immigrants." By Kris Axtman. IN: Christian Science Monitor (July 20, 2001) A1.

["In a controversial move, states make it easier for families to get everything from drivers' licenses to healthcare. Seven years after Californians voted to sharply cuartail public benefits to illegal immigrants, a growing number of states are moving to offer more services to those living illegally in this country -- sometimes even in defiance of federal rules."]

[Request #S]

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VA-HUD-Independent Agencies Appropriations and California Implications Special Report. By the Institute For Federal Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) August 9, 2001. 5 p.

[Includes: "Veterans Affairs;" "Housing Opportunities for Persons with Aids;" "Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities;" "Brownfields Redevelopment;" "Homeless Assistance Grants;" "Hazardous Materials Superfund;" "State and Tribal Assistance Grants;" "Disaster Relief;" "FEMA Public Building Insurance Rule;" and others.]

[Request #S2282]

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Journeys from Childhood to Midlife: Risk, Resilience, and Recovery. By Emmy E. Werner and Ruth S. Smith. (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York) August 2001. 272 p.

["Comeback Kids: Study Finds At-Risk People Share Resilience: Education, Religion, Loved Ones Can Be Crucial: The researchers' latest findings are chronicled in this book.... 'The original intent was just to study kids born to relatively poor people. The grander conclusion here is enormous. We have self-righting tendencies in us as human beings that, over time, help us overcome risk factors at any given time in our lives." Sacramento Bee (August 5, 2001) E1. Note ... Journeys from Childhood ... is available for 3-day loan. The work is copyrighted and the Bureau may not photocopy.]

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Why is Korea Important to California? By MyungJong Hong, California Research Bureau, California State Library. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) May 2001. 31 p.

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[“This paper looks at relationships between California and Korea and considers how they might develop in the future. This exploration is of interest and importance because Korea of one of California’s most important economic partners and because many Koreans live in California.”]

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Fact Watch: Correcting the Record on Trade. By USTrade. (USTrade, Washington, DC) [June 2001.] And Distorting the Record: NAFTA's Promoters Play Fast and Loose With Facts. By Robert E. Scott, Economic Policy Institute. EPI Issue Brief #158. (The Institute, Washington, DC) July 13, 2001. 5 p.

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["As has been the case throughout much of the debate over NAFTA, the agreement's advocates often have been selective in the statistics cited when proclaiming it a success. A most recent example of this can be found in a critique of EPI's study 'NAFTA at Seven.' EPI's response to this critique and others like it can be found in the new Issue Brief." Electronic Policy Network (July 18, 2001) 1.]

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Alternatives for the Americas: Prepared for the 2nd Peoples Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, Canada). Sponsored by the Hemispheric Social Alliance. (The Alliance, Toronto, Ontario, Canada) April 2001. 85 p.

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["The members of the Alliance, whether labor unions or environmentalists, family farmers or scholars, have been working for years to oppose the implementation of neoliberal policies in our respective countries.... This document expresses our determination to construct an alternative to the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) based on the proposals described herein."]

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FTAA – Free Trade Area of the Americas: Draft Agreement. By [Representatives of] Member Nations, FTAA. (FTAA Secretariat, Ciudad de Panamá, Panama) July 3, 2001. Various pagings.

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[“The draft text of parts of the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas agreement was made public … giving the first official view of negotiations to create a trade area stretching from the Arctic circle to the tip of South America…. Although a hemisphere-wide trade area could not be set up until 2005 at the earliest, many unions, environmental groups and public interest advocates throughout the hemisphere have expressed concern over the scale of the agreement and the effect its transnational regulations would have on national sovereignty.” New York Times (July 4, 2001) p. C5]

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A Joint Informational Hearing on International Trade Agreements and the Role of the State. By the staff of the Senate Committee on Banking, Commerce and International Trade and the Senate Select Committee on International Trade Policy and State Legislation. (The Committees, Sacramento, California) May 16, 2001. Various pagings.

[Includes: “Background Information;” “Testimony Transcript;” “Correspondence with the United States Trade Representative;” “Efforts by Other States;” “News Articles;” and “Documents.”]

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"Predictors of Hazardous Child Seating Behavior in Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes: 1990 to 1998." By Eve Wittenberg and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 108, no. 2 (August 2001) pp. 438-442.

["Nearly a third of drivers with young children in their vehicles allow them to ride in the front seat despite warnings that it can put them at risk of air bag injuries, a study found.... It found that the proportion of vehicles carrying children 12 and under in the front seat had declined from 42 percent to 31 percent." San Francisco Chronicle (August 6, 2001) A5.]

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Draft Regional Transportation Plan for the San Francisco Bay Area. By the Metropolitan Transportation Commission. (The Commission, Oakland) August 2001. 182 p.

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["The commission, the Bay Area's transportation and financing agency, prepared the proposal as part of its Regional Transportation Plan, which outlines how some $82 billion in federal, state and local transportation funds should be spent." San Francisco Chronicle (August 14, 2001) A12.]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Taking Stock: Journalism and the Publicly Traded Newspaper Company. By Gilbert Cranberg and others. (Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa) May 2001.

[“About 40 years ago … newspaper companies began to go public. ‘Staffs are leaner and there is a lot less investigative reporting. The quality of newspapers has degraded…’ The consequences of the changes are felt throughout the news operation: In overburdened copy desks … undertrained and poorly paid reporters … the amount of news in your paper and the degree to which it is locally produced … the degree of editorial independence and the choices made by editors.” Sacramento Bee (August 5, 2001) L5. NOTE: Taking Stock ... will be available for 3-day loan. The item is copyrighted and the Bureau may not photocopy.]

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Education At A Glance: OECD Indicators 2001 Edition. By the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. (OECD, Paris, France) 2001. 412 p.

["University Enrollments Rise in Industrial Nations: Enrollment at postsecondary institutions in leading industrial nations increased by 20 percent from 1995 to 1999.... The study found that the United States, once the global leader in college entry rates is now only at the O.E.C.D. average of 45 percent. Four countries have surpassed the United States in terms of college graduation rates: Finland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, and Britain." Chronicle of Higher Education (June 22, 2001) 40. NOTE: Education at a Glance ... will be available for 3-day loan. The work is copyrighted and the Bureau may not photocopy.]

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State of Our Nation's Youth. By Peter Hart Research. Prepared for the Horatio Alger Association. (The Association, Alexandria, Virginia) 2001.

["A survey suggests that high-school students consider the reduction in the numbers of pupils in each class as the best path to better schools.... Giving students greater access to computers and the Internet was popular, with 56 percent saying that would significantly help schools. Increasing teachers' salaries was also cited as a good approach by 46 percent, while lengthening the school day or year was decidedly unpopular, with 7 percent saying it would help." New York Times (August 8, 2001) 1.]

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Regulatory Issues for Medicare Providers. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO 01-802R. (The Office, Washington, DC)August 2001.

["GAO said that 'the bills would provide expedited procedures for provider appeals, new options for providers to use in repaying Medicare overpayments, protections for providers who voluntarily return overpayments or ask for a review of their claims, and new requirements for provider education.... The report also found the legislation would grant new Medicare appeals rights to physicians and other providers'.... In addition, it would establish a new right to appeal deficiencies identified in inspections of institution, such as nursing homes, prior to the imposition of a sanction." BNA Health Care Policy Report (July 16, 2001) 1127.]

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State Management and Allocation of Tobacco Settlement Revenue - 1999 to 2001. By the National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) August 11, 2001.

["A new report by the National Conference of State Legislatures found that the 46 states that joined in the settlement, plus the four that reached separate deals with the tobacco companies have used 5 percent of the money so far for smoking prevention and cessation programs." New York Times (August 11, 2001) A11.]

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