Subject: Studies in the News 01-30

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

October 1851 - "The revolutionists at the head of two hundred American riflemen and about five hundred Mexicans had attacked the city of Camargo, on the Rio Grande,(State of Tamaulipas) after three days fighting succeeded in capturing General Vicente Camarho, some artillery, and about one hundred and fifty troops, (the balance having been killed,) and are now making this place a strong hold for further operations."  Los Angeles Daily Star (October 12, 1851) 2.  

October 1851 - "Letter to the Editor - Already all the papers predict that the beautiful State of Tamaulipas will follow the example of Texas, and that in less than six months this part of the republic will no longer belong to the Mexican confederation."  San Francisco Herald (October 8, 1851) 2.  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Sacramento region's economic future
   Role of local government in community safety
   Hours after school are riskiest for youth
   Law enforcement on reservations
   Violence and substance abuse report card 2000
   Increase in income disparities
   Melting pot suburbs
   The status of women in the states
   Food and agricultural policy
   UCLA business forecast
   New round of military base closings
   Review of defense needs
   Ads aimed at children
   Children's advertisers
   Financial markets condition
   Settlement with Edison and PUC
   Reorganization plan for PG&E
   English language instruction required
   Rural community colleges
   Federal education budget
   Foreign students find U.S. school work easier
   Principals and after school programs
   Benefits of all-day kindergarten
   Weak teachers in poor districts
   Unemployment trust accounts
   Comprehensive employment services
   Grants for specialty crops
   BLM payments to local government
   National land trust census
   DMV identity verification faulted
   Parties raise record soft money
   Issue advocacy campaigns
   Interior Department appropriations
   Competitive federal grants
   Local government spending levels
   Tax revenue losses from e-commerce
   Corporate tax cut
   Low demand for abortion pill
   Obesity and diabetes increasing
   Abuse of drugs found in nightclubs
   Market options for health care
   Arterial disease detection
   Federal health related research
   Children in welfare experiments
   Paternity and DNA
   Faith based organizations
   Analysis of TANF spending
   TANF caseload data
   Wisconsin welfare system changes
   Trade agreements and states' rights
   Suggestions for immigration policy
   Human trafficking and illegal immigration
   Assessment of terrifying threats
   Homeland security and terrorism
   President's speech to Congress
   Laws addressing terrorism
   Legislation addressing terrorism
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Working poor sinking deeper in debt
   Los Angeles area manufacturing trends
   Possibilities of digital governance
   Legislative responses to homeland security
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



The Economic Future of the Sacramento Valley: Regional Pathways to Prosperity. By Collaborative Economics For New Valley Connections. (The Great Valley Center, Modesto, California) September 2001. 80 p.

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["This report defines the region's distinctive economic strengths and outlines pathways for attaining economic vitality and resilience.... The purpose ... is to assist business and civic leaders in pursuing opportunities for sustained economic prosperity."]

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The Role of Local Government in Community Safety. By Margaret Shaw, International Center for the Prevention of Crime. Crime Prevention Series No. 2. NCJ 184218. (The Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada) April 2001. 59 p.

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["In recent years, mayors and municipal leaders have confronted increasing problems of community safety.... This monograph ... brings together information from around the United States and around the world on ways that public officials have used their authority to foster safer, healthier communities."]

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California’s After-School Choice: Juvenile Crime or Safe Learning Time. By Fight Crime: Invest in Kids California. (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids California, Oakland, California) 2001. 58 p.

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[“The most likely hour of the day for a youngster to get in trouble is from 3 to 4 p.m., and it is in the hours immediately after school that most teens are involved in sex, drug use and car crashes, according to a new report that looks at the importance of after-school programs in curtailing such behavior…. More than 1 million low-income children in California with working parents could benefit from supervised after-school programs but are not enrolled.” Los Angeles Time (September 4, 2001) 1.]

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Law Enforcement in Indian Country: The Struggle for a Solution. By Jonathan Mills and Kara Brown. (Public Law Research Institute, Hastings College of the Law, San Francisco, California) August 2001. 22 p.

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["While nationwide violent crime rates declined significantly between 1992 and 1996, homicides in Indian Country rose sharply.... Other violent crimes, such as gang violence, domestic violence, and child abuse have paralleled the rise in homicides.... Law enforcement problems ... stem in part from limited resources and jurisdictional confusion."]

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The Ethics of American Youth: Violence and Substance Abuse: Data & Commentary: 2000 Report Card. By the Josephson Institute of Ethics. (The Institute, Marina del Ray, California) April 2, 2001. Various pagings.

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["The report ... based on a national survey of more than 15,000 teenagers, tended to focus on three of its many findings: that one in three students said they didn't feel safe at school; that nearly two-thirds of high school boys said they could get a gun; and that a significant proportion of youths had on occasion brought weapons to school." USA Today (April 25, 2001) 13A.]

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Recent Census Data Significantly Understates the Increase in Income Disparities. By the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC.) September 20, 2001. 4 p.

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["Census Bureau ... data on income and poverty trends ... are likely to show that poverty declined and household income increased.... Conclusions on recent trends in income disparities should not, however, be based on these Census data. The Congressional Budget Office data ... show that recent gains in income have been heavily concentrated among high-income households, and that income disparities have widened considerably."]

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Melting Pot Suburbs: A Census 2000 Study of Suburban Diversity. By William Frey, Milken Institute and University of Michigan Population Studies Center. Prepared for the Brookings Institute, Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2001. 17 p.

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["America's Complexion Changing: Census Survey Shows Latino, Asian Immigration Leads Population Growth: Foreign-born residents now make up 5 percent or more of the population in 27 states. But Frey said 65 percent of the nation's foreign born still live in the six melting-pot states -- California, New York, Texas, Florida, Illinois and New Jersey." Plain Dealer (August 11, 2001) A11.]

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The Status of Women in California: Highlights. Overview of the Status of Women in the States. The Best and Worst States for Women in 2000. And The Best and Worst States in 2000: Politics, Economics, Reproductive Rights, Health. The Status of Women in California: Highlights. By the Institute for Women's Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 2001. Various pagings.

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["The Status of Women in the States ... presents data for each state on 30 component indicators as well as five component indices that capture the state's rankings in each of five domains: Political Participation, Employment and Earnings; Economic Autonomy, Reproductive Rights, and Health and Well-Being.... This report provides baseline measures that will allow [policymakers] to identify remaining barriers to women's equality in each state."]

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Food and Agricultural Policy: Taking Stock for the New Century. By the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (The Department, Washington, DC) September 2001. 120 p.

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["White House Criticizes Farm Subsidies: The Bush administration criticized subsidies for big grain and cotton farms and proposed putting money into conservation programs that benefit more growers. The subsidies are causing 'unintended (and unwanted) consequences,' by stimulating excess production and inflating land rents.... Rewarding farmers for conservation and strengthening controls against food-borne diseases and crop pests would provide broad benefits to the country." San Francisco Chronicle (September 20, 2001) A24.]

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The UCLA Anderson Forecast Presents Innovation and Investment in the Post.Com World. Presented to the UCLA Forecast Conference. (UCLA Business Forecasting Project, Anderson School, University of California, Los Angeles, California) September 12, 2001. Various pagings.

["If It Isn't a Recession, What Is It? California: Weaker Fundamentals Offset Improved Power Situation; New Developments in Intellectual Property; Consolidation, Coordination, and Education: Post-Dot-Com Innovation in Securities Regulation; Microsystems, MEMS, and Bio-Chips: Building Blocks For a New Era; Recruiting Trends in the Post Dotcom Economy; Information Grid As a Utility? Looking Forward: Biotech; Venture Capital; US Summary Tables; California Summary Tables."]

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Quadrennial Defense Review Report. By U.S. Defense Department. (The Department, Washington, DC) September 30, 2001. 71 p.

["The current armed-forces structure puts the U.S. military at a 'horrific operational risk' as it responds to the threats of the 21st century, a Pentagon study concludes.... The report says the military can tackle new missions by reconfiguring current resources, streamlining Pentagon bureaucracy and making selected cuts in outdated weapons programs.... It also endorses the administration's call for a new round of military-base closings in 2003, a proposal that faces an uncertain fate in Congress." Sacramento Bee (October 1, 2001) A13.]

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Defense Planning in a Decade of Change: Lessons from the Base Force, Bottom-Up Review, and Quadrennial Defense Review. By Eric V. Larson and others, RAND. Prepared for the United States Air Force. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 156 p.

["The report summarizes a comparative historical review of the three major force structure reviews of the 1990s: the 1989-1990 Base Force, the 1993 Bottom-Up Review, and the 1997 Quadrennial Defense Review. It describes key assumptions, decisions, and outcomes of these reviews, focusing on elements related to strategy, forces, and resources, and summarizes key lessons learned."]

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"Shielding Children." By Susan Linn, Harvard Medical School, and Diane E. Levin. IN: Christian Science Monitor, (September 22, 2000) A1.

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["Critics Take on Ads Aimed at Children: Many commercials that target kids are seen as exploitive.... Susan Linn ... said corporations are using increasingly sophisticated techniques to woo children. 'It's enhanced by technology, honed by child psychologists and brought to us by billions of corporate dollars.' Linn said. Experts estimate that more than $12 billion a year is spent on advertising targeted at children." Sacramento Bee (September 11, 2001) D3.]

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Self-Regulatory Guidelines for Children's Advertising. By the Children's Advertising Review Unit, Council of Better Business Bureaus. (The Council, Alexandria, Virginia) [2001.] 9 p. "High Pressure Pays Off at Forum." by Mike Connell. IN: KidScreen Magazine (September 1,2001) pp.20-23. And The Golden Marble Awards. Sponsored by KidScreen Magazine. (The Magazine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada) September 10, 2001. 3 p.

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["Shelley Middlebrook, publisher of KidScreen magazine, which sponsors the Golden Marble awards, said: 'A lot of things that are good for children are supported by marketing dollars.'... Middlebrook noted that all entries for the Golden Marbles awards were screened by the Children's Advertising Review Unit -- a wing of the Council of Better Business Bureaus that has drafted detailed voluntary guidelines for youth-oriented ads." Sacramento Bee (September 11, 2001) D3.]

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The U.S. Financial System in the Wake of the Attack on the World Trade Center. By Paul O'Neill, Secretary of the Treasury, Office of the U.S. Treasury. (The Office, Washington, DC) 3 p. And The Condition of Financial Markets. By Alan Greenspan, Federal Reserve Chairman. Presented to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate. (The Board, Washington, DC) September 20, 2001. 2 p.

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["Greenspan: Attacks Damaged Economy: Alan Greenspan ... said the attacks on New York and Washington ... have damaged the U.S. economy in the short-run enough that activity may decline ... that assessing the extent of damage could take weeks. Greenspan and O'Neill both said that despite the economic uncertainty, it was too soon for the administration to unveil any economic stimulus package." Washington Post (September 20, 2001) E1.]

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Southern California Edison Company v. Loretta M. Lynch, et al. U.S. District Court, Central District of California, Western Division. 00-12056-RSWL(Mcx). Stipulated Judgment. And Settlement Agreement. Signed by Southern California Edison Company and the California Public Utilities Commission. October 2, 2001. 26 p.

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The settlement, expected to bring the investor-owned utility back to credit worthiness by 2005, requires Edison to dedicate all of its resources to paying off its $4 billion debt. That includes any money it might receive from lawsuits still pending over power payments." East Bay Business Times (October 8, 2001) 1.]

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In re Pacific Gas and Electric Company. U.S. States Bankruptcy Court, Northern District of California. Chapter 11 Case NO. 01-30923-DM. Plan of Reorganization. 30 p.

["Pacific Gas & Electric is waiting for approval of its reorganization plan filed in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court. The plan, which the company says will allow it to pay all valid creditory claims, calls for Pacific Gas and Electric Company and its parent PG&E Corporation to be separated into two stand-alone companies no longer affiliated with one another.... The generation and transmission operations, when reorganized as new business under PG&E Corporation, will have the ability to issue debt that will be combined with new financing to help pay creditors' claims." East Bay Business Times (October 8, 2001) 1.]

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California Teachers Association, et al. v. State Board of Education, et al. United States Court of Appeals For the Ninth Circuit. 99-56784. August 29, 2001. Various pagings.

["Court Upholds Section of Anti-bilingual Law: A panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals in San Francisco, upholding a lower-court decision, ruled 2 to 1 that the English-language requirements applied only to classroom instruction and were clear enough to be enforceable.... The unique parental enforcement provision is part of Proposition 227.... It allows suits for damages against any school employee who 'willfully and repeatedly' fails to offer English-language instruction required by the measure." San Francisco Chronicle (August 30, 2001) A1.]

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["Rural Community Colleges: Issue Theme."] IN: Rural America, vol. 16, no. 2. (Summer 2001) pp. 1-52.

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[Includes "Rural Community Colleges: Creating Institutional Hybrids for the New Economy;" "College and Community in Partnership: The Furniture College at Letterfrack;" "Rural Colleges as Catalysts for Community Change: The RCCI Experience;" "Innovation and Replication: Can Community College Successes Be Repeated?" and others.]

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What If Congress funded ESEA at Its Authorized Levels? By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-49. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 19, 2001. 5 p.

["The Senate and House both have passed legislation to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.... This Issue Brief estimates what each state would receive if Congress funded the major Title I programs at the levels authorized in the current bills.... It is not uncommon for certain programs [like Title 1] to have relatively high authorization levels but to be funded at lower amounts through the appropriation process."]

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How Well Are American Students Learning? By Tom Loveless. The Brown Center Report. vol. 1 no. 2. (Brookings Institution, Washington, DC )September 2001. 38 p.

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["Eighty-five percent of the foreign students said they found their U.S. school work easier, and 56 percent said that U.S. students spent less time on school work.... In sharp contrast to many American teens, 73 percent of the foreign students said they did not have jobs while in school.... Tom Loveless, director of the Brown Center said U.S. teens are not to blame for the lack of rigor in their coursework or their preoccupation with sports." Sacramento Bee (September 11, 2001) A1.]

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Principals and After-School Programs: A Survey of PreK-8 Principals. By Belden Russonello & Stewart. Conducted for the National Association of Elementary School Principals. (The Association, Alexandria, Virginia) September 24, 2001. 112 p.

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["Survey Finds Public Schools Are Getting into After-School Business: Two-thirds of principals say their schools offer optional after-hours programs. Of those, nearly six in 10 said their program was 5 years old or younger.... The programs offer an affordable way to keep students in school for as long as two hours after the regular school day ends." Associated Press (September 25, 2001) 1.]

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Kindergarten Student Progress: Acquisition of Reading Skills: Year 1 of the MCPS Kindergarten Initiative 2000-2001. By Dr. Fran Bridges-Cline, Office of Shared Accountability, Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, Maryland (The Office, Rockville, Maryland) August 2001. Various pagings.

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["Children from low-income or immigrant families who attended full-day kindergarten in Montgomery County last year did significantly better than their counterparts in half-day classes. The study found that 71 percent of those 'high-risk' students who spent all day in class mastered reading fundamentals by the end of the year, as opposed to 54 percent of those enrolled half day." Washington Post (September 11, 2001) B1.]

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"Failing Schools: Series." By Rosalind Rossi and Kate N. Grossman. IN: Chicago Sun-Times (September 6-7, 2001) A1+.

["Children in the highest-poverty, highest-minority and lowest-achieving schools are roughly five times more likely to be taught by teachers who failed at least one teacher certification test than children in the lowest-poverty, lowest-minority, highest-achieving schools, the Chicago Sun-Times has found.... Nationwide, studies show, the most disadvantaged children are the ones most likely to be taught by the newest, least-qualified and lowest-scoring teachers."]

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Reed Act Distributions. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-50. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 19, 2001. 3 p.

["The Department of Labor is projecting a $41.5 billion distribution of Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) funds into state unemployment trust accounts over the next 10 years, about $4 billion per year. Currently, states can spend Reed Act distributions on unemployment insurance (UI), employment services or administration of UI."]

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Cost Allocation Methodologies for One-Stop Centers. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-46. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 6, 2001. 2 p.

["The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 expanded programs to help the unemployed find the training and job search assistance that they need. An integral part of this effort is One-Stop Centers, where grant recipients in multiple agencies provide a comprehensive range of services to those seeking employment and training.... One big challenge is determining how to allocate costs to the different grantees in a fair and federally compliant manner."]

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2001 Agriculture Supplemental Contains Block Grants for Specialty Crops. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-52. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 20, 2001. 2 p.

["President Bush recently signed the fiscal year 2001 Agriculture supplemental bill into law (P.L. 107-25). Among the important provisions contained in the bill were block grants to states to aid in their support of specialty crops. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), through the Commodity Credit Corporation, will disperse the grants to the various states. The grants total $159.4 million and will be distributed to the states based on the following formulas."]

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BLM Distributes over $199 Million in "PILT" Checks to Local Governments: News Release. By Bureau of Land Management in California. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) September 20, 2001. 3p.

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["Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) ... offset the loss of tax revenue to localities caused by the presence of tax-exempt federal land within their jurisdictions... These payments are in addition to federal revenues transferred to the counties under other programs, such as income generated from use of federal land for livestock grazing and timber harvesting.... California [localities] receive the largest PILT payment of $20,899,051, an increase of $6 million over last year's payment."]

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National Land Trust Census. By the Land Trust Alliance. (The Alliance, Washington, DC) September 12, 2001. Various pagings.

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["California Leads U.S. in Preserving Land: State Groups Have Protected More Space than Peers Elsewhere, Report Says: A once-a-decade report ... calculates that 132 local and regional conservation groups in California have ... protected 1.25 million acres, either by purchasing or by paying owners to forfeit their development rights.... Nationwide, these groups had protected nearly 6.4 million acres through 2000." Los Angeles Times (September 10, 2001) 1.]

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Department of Motor Vehicles: Although Unable to Measure the Extent of Identity Fraud and the Effect of Recent Reforms, It Should Improve Its Technology, Procedures, and Staffing Further. By the Bureau of State Audit, California State Auditor. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) September 2001. 72 p.

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["Identity Verification Faulted: State Audit Finds the department lacks the computer system needed to match fingerprints to those already on file in effort to combat fraud.... In an interview, DMV director Steven Gourley said his agency has already begun to implement many of the audit's recommendations." Los Angeles Times (September 28, 2001)10.]

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National Parties Record $98.8 Million in Soft Money During the First Six Months of 2001-2002 Election Cycle. By Common Cause. (Common Cause, Washington, DC) September 4, 2001. 4 p.

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["The Democratic and Republican national party committees raised almost $99 million in so-called soft money during the first six months of the 2001-2002 election cycle, according to a Common Cause analysis.... The latest total is almost three times the $34.3 million raised in the first six months of the 1997-1998 cycle. and nearly twice the $54.5 million raised during the first six months of the 1999-2000 election cycle." Washington Times (September 5, 2001) A7.]

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"Issue and Express Advocacy." By Trevor Potter and Kirk L. Jowers. IN: Campaign Finance Reform: A Sourcebook. By Anthony Corrado and others. (Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) September 2001. 36 p.

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["This chapter ... traces the evolution of issue advocacy from the Supreme Court's seminal Buckley decision through the ensuing decisions of the lower federal courts and discusses the Federal Election Commission's response to these major court rulings. Finally, it briefly discusses ... legislative proposals to regulate issue advocacy and FEC enforcement actions against issue advocacy campaigns."]

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Special Report: Senate Interior Department Appropriations and California Implications. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 20, 2001. 4 p.

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[Includes: "Oregon and California Grant Lands;" "Vegetation and Watershed Management;" "Wildland Fire Management;" "Land Acquisition and State Assistance;" "Bureau of Indian Affairs;" "Royalty and Offshore Minerals Management;"]

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Competitive Grant. By the Federal Funds Information Center for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-09. (FFIS, Washington, DC) August 30, 2001. 11 p.

[Includes: "Local Dial-Up Internet Grants;" "Notice Inviting Applications for Designation of Rural Empowerment Zones;" "Office of Technology Policy Grants Program;" "Talent Search and Educational Opportunity Center Programs;" "Substance Abuse Treatment;" and others.]

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Federal, State, and Local Governments: California State and Local Government Finances. By the U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) Various pagings.

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["State, Local Government Spending Rises: California, the most populous state, spent the most money and took in the most revenue. Spending in California neared $218 billion, while revenue exceeded $242 billion. Nationwide, state and local governments spent the most on education ($483 billion), followed by welfare programs (215 billion) and highways ($93 billion).... The data was the latest available from the Census Bureau." AP Online (September 10, 2001) 1.]

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State and Local Sales Tax Revenue Losses from E-Commerce: Updated Estimates. By Donald Bruce, and William F. Fox, Center for Business and Economic Research. (The Center, Knoxville, Tennessee) September 2001. 20 p.

["New Data Bolster State Argument for E-Taxes: The report shows that sales tax revenue losses from e-commerce are 41 percent higher than previous estimates as a result of increased business-to-business (B2B) transactions.... Donald Bruce, coauthor of the report, said as B2B e-commerce increases, states are likely to lose even more revenue." National Journal's Technology Daily (October 2, 2001) 1.]

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A Permanent Corporate Tax Rate Cut: The Wrong Medicine for Short-Term Economic Ills. By Joel Friedman and Iris Law, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 26, 2001. 11 p.

["Cutting the top corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 25 percent would be extremely expensive, possibly costing $900 billion over ten years when the associated debt service costs are included. This large cost would significantly worsen the long-term budget outlook, which has already deteriorated."]

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National Survey of Women's Health Care Providers on Reproductive Health: Medical Abortion Results: Select Findings from the Kaiser/Harvard Health News Index (August 2001): Public's Knowledge and Awareness of Mifepristone. By the Kaiser Family Foundation. Toplines. (The Foundation, New York, New York) September 24, 2001. 21 p.

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["Survey Shows Low Demand for RU-486 Abortion Pill: Lack of demand, distaste for abortion politics and fear of violence were cited most often to explain the failure of the drug to win favor outside the confines of clinics that already provide surgical abortions.... The poll ... found that only 6 percent of gynecologists and 1 percent of general practitioners had provided the nonsurgical abortion procedure since it cleared the FDA." San Francisco Chronicle (September 24, 2001) 1.]

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“The Continuing Epidemics of Obesity and Diabetes in the United States.” By Ali H. Mokdad and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 10 (September 12, 2001) pp. 1195-1200.

[“The rate of obesity and diabetes in the United States has grown by 50 percent or more over the last decade, and the increase seems to be accelerating, according to new figures…. Experts say that some of the factors leading to the increase include growing consumption of fast food, the increased prevalence of video games and other indoor activities, and the inability of many children to play safely outdoors in their neighborhoods.” Sacramento Bee (September 12, 2001) A20.]

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In the Spotlight: Club Drugs. By the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. (The Service, Washington, DC) [September] 2001. Various pagings.

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["This Website presents a club drug factsheet; legislation for control of club drug-type substances; and a list of resources on effects of use, enforcement against, and federal research on these substances. Many of the NCJRS statements are astonishing (for instance, the number of nationwide hospital emergency department mentions of GHB increased nearly 8,800 percent, from 56 mentions in 1994 to 4,969 in 2000)." Scout Report (August 17, 2001) 1.]

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American Health Care: Government, Market Processes and the Public Interest. Edited by Roger D. Feldman. (The Independent Institute, Oakland, California) [2001.] 392 p.

["The book examines why harmful consequences too often follow when government sets out to direct health care.... [It] contrasts government and market options to supply health services, showing that the market can go further in performing critical functions in health care." NOTE: American Health Care is available for 3-day loan.]

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"Peripheral Arterial Disease Detection, Awareness, and Treatment in Primary Care." By Alan T. Hirsch, and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 11, (September 19, 2001) pp. 1317-1324.

["Among those already diagnosed [with arterial disease], the study found, only about half of the doctors treating them said they knew of previous diagnosis-even though the patients' charts contained documentation about it. Doctors had either forgotten about their own diagnoses or, more likely, were unaware of diagnoses made by others." Sacramento Bee (September 19, 2001) A9.]

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Appalachian Regional Commission Health Related Research. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-51. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 20, 2001. 2 p.

["The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) is a federal entity whose commissioners represent federal, state and local governments in the 13 states in which it operates. The purpose of the ARC is to be an advocate for and partner with the people of Appalachia to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life."]

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How Children Fare in Welfare Experiments Appears to Hinge on Income. By Arloc Sherman, Children’s Defense Fund. (The Fund, Washington, DC) August 22, 2001. 26 p.

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["New research has begun to reveal the effect of welfare-to-work experiments on children. This report looks at data from 16 local programs begun in the early and mid-1990s, before the 1996 national welfare overhaul. These early findings indicate that the most successful welfare reforms for children have been those that improve their parents' income and economic security by strongly rewarding and encouraging work."]

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Paternity, Marriage and DNA. By Christi Goodman, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 9, No.38. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2001. 2 p.

["Courts are all over the map in their treatment of the disestablishment of paternity. Many times the results of court cases contradict each other, and the legal standards applied depend on individual circumstances. Such inconsistent decisions put pressure on state legislatures to address these issues."]

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Unlevel Playing Fields: Barriers to Participation by Faith-Based and Community Organizations in Federal Social Service Programs. By the White House Office on Faith-Based and Community Initiatives. (The White House, Washington, DC) August 16, 2001. 25 p.

["White House Report Says Religious Groups Face Unfair Barriers for Grants: The report says religious groups face unfair barriers, ranging from overwhelming regulations to excessive restrictions on religious activities, in trying to win federal grants. The officials suggest that at the very least a cultural change needs to occur inside federal agencies to eliminate biases against faith-based groups." Sacramento Bee (August 17, 2001) A10.]

[Request #S2576]

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Analysis of TANF Spending through the Middle of Federal Fiscal Year 2001. By Zoe Neuberger and Ed Lazere, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 28, 2001. 21 p.

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["New TANF financial data indicate that ... many states have spent an amount equal or nearly equal to half of their fiscal year 2001 TANF grant. While some states still have substantial balances of unspent funds from the early years of the program, TANF spending has increased in many states to a level that is beginning to draw down those balances in some states."]

[Request #S2577]

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New Data Show Welfare Caseloads Improving. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-48. (FFIS, Washington, DC) September 19, 2001. 2 p.

["The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently released new Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) caseload data for March September 2000 and March 2001.... Only 17 states reported an increase in their welfare rolls, down from 26 states in the last update."]

[Request #S2578]

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Recent Changes in Wisconsin Welfare and Work, Child Care, and Child Welfare Systems. By Jennifer Ehrle and others, Urban Institute. State Update No. 8. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 2001. 24 p.

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["This report describes Wisconsin's approach to welfare reform.... It looks at three program areas affected by welfare reform: W-2 and related efforts, child care programs for low-income families, and the child welfare services for children who have been abused and neglected. A brief discussion about how Wisconsin compares to other states in terms of its policies, their implementation, and their effect on the lives of low-income citizens concludes the issue."]

[Request #S2579]

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Democracy's New Challenge: Globalization, Governance, and the Future of American Federalism. By Mark C. Gordon, Demos. (Demos, New York, New York) August 2001. 155 p.

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["Some people think that international treaties force the federal government to forfeit decision-making power to a foreign entity, thus diminishing American sovereignty.... 'Democracy's New Challenge' says that trade agreements enable the international community to set state policy as well....' (Mark)Gordon said, 'States need to keep abreast of international treaties and agreements and know how they affect them. States must also develop a greater influence over national trade policy.'" United Press International (August 16, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2454]

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Forging a New U.S.-Mexico Migration Relationship: Recommendations from Outside the Beltway. By George Kourous and Anne Seymore. IN: Borderlines, vol. 9, no. 8 (September 2001) pp. 1-8.

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["Until recently, observers anticipated that presidents Bush and Fox would announce the general outlines of a comprehensive immigration package at their next meeting, scheduled for September 5th. ...U.S. and Mexican negotiators dampened expectations that a comprehensive plan is in the offing, and stressed instead the creation of a new temporary worker program as the next likely step.... This month, Borderlines takes a look at what these actors are recommending for U.S.-Mexico migration policy and offers some suggestions based on those perspectives."]

[Request #S2580]

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Human Trafficking Policies: Ships Passing in the Night. By David Kyle. Foreign Policy In Focus. (Interhemispheric Resource Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, DC) August 2001. 3 p.

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["While most of those being smuggled are migrants who have willingly paid for a chance to work abroad in a developed country, a minority is tricked into slavery, typically ethnic minority women forced into prostitution.... Anti-trafficking education programs are based on the assumption that if potential migrants only knew of these dangers they would not attempt the journey. This is an optimistic assessment because the opportunities and incentives for otherwise non-criminals to break U.S. immigration laws spring from the deep wells of historical inconsistency and political expediency in the U.S. treatment of illegal immigrants."]

[Request #S2581]

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Six Nightmares: Real Threats in a Dangerous World and How America Can Meet Them. By Anthony Lake. (Little Brown & Company, New York, New York) October 2000. 318 p.

["In Six Nightmares... former national security advisor Anthony Lake warns about six terrifying threats that could jeopardize America's security in the coming years, and prescribes the steps needed to resolve them. The six nightmarish scenarios are... the potential use by terrorists of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons... cyberterror and cybercrime... the proliferation of "fractured states"... the impact on the American economy of an economic downturn in Japan and Brazil... and partisan politics in its most extreme form overtaking Washington." United Press International (January 2, 2001) 1. NOTE: Six Nightmares ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2458]

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Listing of Recent Testimonies and Reports on Homeland Security and Terrorism. Compiled By Michael Pujals, California Research Bureau, California State Library. (CRB, Sacramento, California) October 2001. 8 p.

[Includes: "Aviation: Terrorist Acts Illustrate severe Weakness in Aviation Security;" "Combating Terrorism: Actions Needed to Improve DOD Antiterrorism Program Implementation and Management;" "Defending America: Terrorist Organizations and States and Weapons of Mass Destruction;" "Health Aspects of Biological and Chemical Weapons: Unofficial Draft;" "Homeland Defense: New Challenges for an Old Responsibility;" "Protecting the Homeland;" and others.]

[Request #S2506]

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Presidential Address to the Nation. And Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People. By George W. Bush, President. (Office of the Press Secretary, Washington, DC) October 7, 2001 - September 20, 2001. Various pagings.

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["Bush employed sweeping language to convey the message that the Sept. 11 attacks had forced the United States into a new kind of war, one that cannot be won by military might alone...Bush said the country's battle is with terrorists, not people who come from a certain region of the world or practice a certain faith." Sacramento Bee (September 21, 2001) A1]

[Request #S2583]

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Bioterrorism. By Cheryl Runyon, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) September 2001. 3 p.

["Several states considered or passed laws addressing terrorism during recent legislative sessions.... State policymakers may wish to consider whether their state should apply for a grant from the Office of Justice Programs. Opportunities exist for funding that address countering terrorism and ensuring domestic preparedness."]

[Request #S2584]

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State and Federal Legislation Addressing Terrorism. By Cheryl Runyon, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) September 26, 2001. 5 p.

["Following ... and prior to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia, several state legislatures and Congress ... addressed the terrorism issue. [Included] is a brief summary of legislation considered by state and federal policymakers as well as a synopsis of state executive orders."]

[Request #S2585]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 8, Bulletin 28, (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 27, 2001. 6 p.

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[Includes: "Senate Backs New Military Base Closure Round, House Does Not;" "Report Projects California Could Lose $1.5 Billion in Formula Funds;" "Semiconductor Stocks at Three-Year Low;" "Updated Institute Roster Lists District Numbers After Remap;" and others.]

[Request #S2586]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America. By Barbara Ehrenreich. (Metropolitan Books, New York, New York) May 2001. 221 p.

["For her research, (Barbara) Ehrenreich left a comfortable life to labor alongside those in the slow-lane world of waitresses, nursing-home attendants, and housekeepers.... A key finding: The working poor have little choice but to take more than one job at a time.... The result was exhaustion.... Such fatigue, according to Ehrenreich, partly explains why there is little social unrest among low-wage workers." Business Week (May 28, 2001) NOTE: Nickel and Dimed ... will be available for 3-day loan. ]

[Request #S2587]

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Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Five-County Area. By the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation. (The Corporation, Los Angeles, California) 2001. 24 p.

["'Manufacturing is still very fractured and doesn't have a voice in the halls of government'.... In 2000, Chicago stepped over Los Angeles, taking first place as the nation's largest manufacturing area.... In L.A. County, estimated manufacturing employment in 2001 will be 22,400, down 7,000 jobs from last year.... There is also a need for a proliferation of competitive industrial sites, which requires changing the state tax structure so that cities don't chase retail development at the expense of industrial development." Daily News of Los Angeles (September 4, 2001) N3. NOTE: Manufacturing in Los Angeles ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2588]

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Building the Virtual State: Information Technology and Institutional Change. By Jane Fountain. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) 2001. 256 p.

["The promise of programs such as 'virtual agencies' and portals where citizens can access all sections of government from a single website has excited international attention. The potential of a digital state cannot be realized, however, unless the rigid structures of the contemporary bureaucratic state change along with the times."]

[Request #S2589]

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Legislative Response to Homeland Security and Counter-Terrorism: Bibliography. Compiled By Michael Pujals, California Research Bureau, California State Library. (CRB, Sacramento, California)October 2001. 5 p.

[Includes: "Homeland Defense: Exploring the Hart-Rudman Report;" "House Analysis of PATRIOT Anti-Terrorism Bill;" "Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change;" "State and Federal Legislation Addressing Terrorism;" and others.]

[Request #S2590]

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