Subject: Studies in the News 01-36

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

December 1851 - "San Francisco Gold Rush Chronology: December 1, 1851 -- Jacks and Woodruff Company opened Pacific Observatory, No. 274 Montgomery St., next door to Merchant St., to repair and correct transit instruments and to rate and repair chronometers. "  

December 1851 - "San Francisco Gold Rush Chronology: December 6, 1851 -- George H. Hossefross, Chief Engineer of the (San Francisco) Fire Department, founded of the Fireman's Charitable Fund. "  

Contents This Week

   Violent crime drops as property crime grows
   Drug war heresies
   Court restricts suits against credit bureaus
   Subsidies to private prisons
   Sex offenders and predatory offender laws
   Guidelines for recession recovery
   Expedited power plant review problems
   Urban development and the Internet
   Regional leadership institutions
   Privacy in law and technology
   Southern California regional economic forecast
   Silicon Valley venture capital
   State shows schools improving
   Racial profiling in U.S. schools
   Dropout rates in the United States
   Investing in graduate education
   Overlooked kindergarten year
   State comparisons of science education
   New and higher teaching standards
   Worker assistance proposals
   Unemployment insurance exhaustees increase
   Public access to environmental information
   State survey on land use and environment
   Long gas lines in a few years
   Superfund monetary shortfalls
   Court of Appeals upholds legal aid
   Medicaid spending levels for 2002
   Senate economic stimulus bill
   MALDEF redistricting lawsuit
   Calfornia budget watch
   Proposed reduction in 2001-02 spending
   Outlook for state aid to government agencies
   Health care cost trend survey
   Double digit increase in health care cost
   Uninsured Americans expected to increase
   Hospital bioterrorism response plan
   Welfare clients often lack insurance
   Built environment and public health
   Emergency regulations affecting disease reporting
   Home prices and sales
   Predatory lending in America
   Appellate ruling on gay adoptions
   California's welfare leavers
   Child care policy options
   Costs and benefits of early childhood intervention
   Homelessness in California
   Cities and welfare reform
   Evaluation of welfare-to-work strategies
   Border issues and the environment
   U.S.-Mexico border issues
   Proposed bioterrorism legislation
   Traffic fatalities in alcohol related crashes
   Water governance in an unregulated monopoly
   Low-wage workers in the new eonomy
   Tax avoidance by corporations and wealthy
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Crime 2001 In Selected California Jurisdictions January through June: Preliminary Report. By Bill Lockyer, California Attorney General. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 3 p.

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[“State Violent Crime Drops as Property Crime Grows: According to the January-July figures, which were compared against the same period last year, violent crimes decreased 1.5 percent while property crimes increased 2.9 percent.... For eight years prior to 2000, crime levels had dropped nationwide and in California.... Attorney General Bill Lockyer stressed that the crime rate remains at a 30-year low.” The Sacramento Bee (October 11, 2001) 1.]

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Drug War Heresies: learning from other vices, times, and place. By Robert J. MacCoun, University of California, Berkeley and Peter Reuter, University of Maryland. (Cambridge University Press, New York, New York) 2001. 479 p.

["In a major new book, Robert MacCoun, who teaches law and public policy at UC Berkeley, and Peter Reuter of the University of Maryland point out that depenalizing is not the same as legalization. It simply can mean far more discretion in enforcement, as the justice system already does on crimes such as prostitution and gambling. Where such policies are wisely pursued, McCoun's and Reuter's voluminous data show no significant increase in use." Sacramento Bee (November 7, 2001) B7. NOTE: Drug War Heresies ... is available for three-day loan.]

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TRW v. Andrews. United States Supreme Court. 00-1045. November 13, 2001. 10p.

["The U.S. Supreme Court made it harder for victims of 'identity theft' to sue credit reporting bureaus for mistakes, ruling that these legal claims must be filed within two years after the mistake occurred -- even if the victim did not learn of the error in that time.... 'Judges have no authority to ignore the deadline set by Congress, even if it seems fair to do so in some instances,' Ginsburg said." Sacramento Bee (November 14, 2001) A3.]

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Jail Breaks: Economic Development Subsidies Given to Private Prisons. By Philip Mattera and others, Good Jobs First, Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2001. Various pagings.

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["Private Prisons Not Paying Off for Communities, Study Finds: Politicians have invested heavily in private prisons, but their communities are not necessarily seeing an economic payoff, a new report shows.... The institute said $628 million in tax-free bonds and other government-issued securitites financed some of those private prisons. The study focused on incentives, but ... none showed that a prison helped the area's economy." Fresno Bee (October 22,2001) A3.]

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Sex Offenders and Predatory Offenders: Minnesota Criminal and Civil Regulatory Laws. By Judith Zollar, Legislative Analyst, Minnesota House of Representatives Research Department. (The Department, St. Paul, Minnesota) October 2001. 29 p.

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["This information brief describes Minnesota laws applicable to sex offenders and predatory offenders. [It] ... summarizes the criminal laws that prohibit unlawful sexual conduct, the criminal penalties that apply to these offenses, the mandatory sentences that courts must impose on certain offenders ... [and] the civil and regulatory laws that supplement the criminal provisions."]

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The Developing U.S. Recession and Guidelines for Policy. By Wynne Godley and Alex Izurieta, Levy Economics Institute. (The Institute, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York) October 2001. 8 p.

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"As Earnings Plunge, the Market's P/E Ratio Sets a Record: Economists at the institute estimate that overall earnings of the S&P 500 are overstated 20 percent.... They raise the issue of operating vs. total profits and add that the 1990's boom in stock options also led to a rising exaggeration of earnings because few companies treated the value of the options as operating expenses." New York Times (October 12, 2001)C1.]

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Power Against the People? Moving Beyond Crisis Planning in California. By Karen DeGannes and others, Latino Issues Forum. (The Forum, San Francisco, California) November 2001. 16 p.

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["The study was ... based on a concern that the rush to build gas-fired power plants as a solution to the energy crisis was at odds with mandates to protect public health, the environment, and ensure environmental justice for people of color and the poor. The study analyzed the Energy Commission's expedited plant siting processes to uncover defects in public participation, environmental review, financing incentives, and other areas."]

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Cities Online: Urban Development and the Internet. John B. Horrigan, Pew Internet & American Life Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) November 20, 2001. 66 p.

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["This report examines how institutions in five cities are adapting to the Internet. Its main focus is on economic and community development in those cities that have sought to use the Internet to improve performance or broadly benefit the community. The cities studied are: Austin, Texas; Cleveland, Ohio; Nashville, Tennessee; Portland, Oregon; and Washington, DC."]

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The Future of Success. By Robert Reich (Knopf, New York, New York) January 2001. 289p.

["[Reich's] prescriptions sound modest: Cushion people against economic shocks, widen the circle of prosperity, reduce inequality, give caring attention to those who need it most. His proposals sound more radical: Guarantee everyone a job at a decent wage, offer every young person some venture capital, raise pay for workers in helping professions such as child care and elder care, offer public support for a parent who stays home with a child under 3." Washington Post (February 18, 2001) 1. NOTE: The Future of Success ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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Toward a Typology of Regional Leadership Institutions: Examples from the San Francisco Bay Area. By Torsten Wegener, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley. Working Paper 2001-10. (The Institute, Berkeley, California) November 2001. 26 p.

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["The call to regionalize economic, social or environmental policy is heard in many regions throughout the world.... To give an idea of the types of voluntary regional leadership institutions, several examples are presented.... Case studies were conducted between October and December 2000. The study focused on what sort of regional agreements were established."]

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The Unwanted Gaze: The Destruction of Privacy in America. By Jeffrey Rosen. (Random House, New York, New York) June 2001. 274 p.

["In 'The Unwanted Gaze,' Jeffrey Rosen tackles one of our most daunting problems: how to preserve privacy in a world where law and technology have conspired to make it increasingly difficult to shield our affairs from intrusion by others. In a culture of fleeting attention spans, Rosen observes, 'privacy is a form of opacity, and opacity has its values. We need more shades and more blinds and more virtual curtains.'" New York Times (July 2, 2001) 1. NOTE: The Unwanted Gaze ... is available for 3-day loan.]

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Regional Economic Forecast for Southern California 2002-2003. By Jon Mikels, Economic Policy Section, Southern California Association of Governments, and others. (The Association, Los Angeles, California) November 16, 2001. 44 p.

["Southland to Withstand Recession: Attacks To Have Little Impact on Local Economy, Bringing Quicker Recovery: The region's job growth, which has been running at around 3 percent in the past four years, will slow to just above 1 percent over the next two years, Lisa Gruber said, with the unemployment rate expected to climb to 5 percent this year and 5.8 percent next year." Ventura County Star (November 17, 2001) D1.]

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Silicon Valley VC Confidence Survey: Fundamentals Improve, But the Shakeout Goes On. By Deloitte & Touche. (Deloitte & Touche, San Francisco, California) November 2001. 2 p.

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["VC Firms Pessimistic; Terror Attacks Paralyzed Venture Capital, Survey Finds: Seventy percent of the 168 venture capitalists polled see the attacks having a 'substantial negative effect' on VC sentiment for the rest of the fourth quarter and a continued minimal effect through the end of 2002, according to the survey." San Francisco Chronicle (November 19, 2001) E1.]

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Academic Performance Index: Summary reports 2000-2001 API Cycle. And Explanatory Note for the 2000-2001 Academic Performance Index Growth Report. By the Policy and Evaluation Division, California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2001. Various pagings.

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["The state released the list of which schools improved and which ones sagged on Calfornia's Academic Performance Index.... State educators said they were pleased with progress at the elementary level and disappointed with the high school performance." San Francisco Chronicle (October 16, 2001) A16.]

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Racial Profiling and Punishment in U.S. Public Schools: How Zero Tolerance Policies and High Stakes Testing Subvert Academic Excellence and Racial Equity. By Tammy Johnson and others. Prepared for the Applied Research Center. (The Center, Oakland, California) October 30, 2001. 60 p.

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["Report Charges Racial Profiling in Schools: In classrooms across the nation, excessive security in schools with high minority populations and racist policies are subverting opportunities for students of color.... In the report, the authors use data from local and national education groups to outline how a white student's public school experience is wildly different than that of an African American, Latino, Asian or other minority student." Contra Costa Times (October 31, 2001) 1.]

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Dropout Rates in the United States 2000. By Phillip Kaufman, MPR Associates and others. Prepared for the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. NCES 2002-114. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2001. 90 p.

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["According to the Department of Education, black students had a high school completion rate of 72 percent, while Hispanic students had a rate of 52 percent.... The federal government measures high school completion rates based on census data and reports from school districts, and includes people up to 24, as well as those who receive an 'equivalent' degree." Washington Times (November 14, 2001) A6.]

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Innovation and Prosperity at Risk: Investing in Graduate Education to Sustain California’s Future. 17 p. And Report to the Committee on Educational Policy. By the Commission on the Growth and Support of Graduate Education, University of California. (The University of California Office of the President, Oakland, California) September 2001.) 10 p. .

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["While research and graduate education are the backbone of the prestigeous nine-campus UC system, its enrollment in those programs has remained nearly stagnant for 30 years.... The shortage has hit hardest on the engineering and computer science fields.... Among other initiatives, the report recommends: advocating for an increase in the annual level of fellowship stipends ... urging the state to create $20 million in repayable fellowships for doctoral students who teach in California colleges or universities." San Francisco Chronicle (September 8, 2001) A4.]

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Kindergarten: The Overlooked School Year. By Sara Vecchiotti, Foundation for Child Development. (The Foundation, New York, New York) October 2001. 44 p.

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["This paper aims to mobilize kindergarten as an educational issue that is ripe for research, debate and policy action.... Recent national studies confirm its importance to the educational success of young children.... Suggestions for future research are made, as well as recommendations for state and federal action."]

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The Nation’s Report Card: State Science 2000 Reports. National Center for Education Statistics. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2001. Various pagings.

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[“This series of reports provides an overview for each state/jurisdiction on the results of the NAEP 2000 Science assessment as well as the state's previous science assessments…. It describes the assessment, the sample of students assessed, the metrics for reporting student performance, and how the differences in student performance are reported. In addition, each report contains results for a second set of results from the 2000 science assessment that includes the performance of special-needs students who were permitted accommodations in the test administration.”]

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Learning... Teaching... Leading...: Report of the Professional Development Task Force, California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2001. 74 p.

["The Task Force was convened to look at the entire learning-to-teach system in California and to look at new initiatives that focus on teacher quality.... Mounting research evidence confirms what the public believes: that educator quality is a more powerful influence than any other school resource. The overriding goal of this report is to ensure that every child has well-prepared and capable teachers and school administrators."]

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President, NCSL and NGA Offer Proposals for Economic Stimulus and Worker Assistance. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief. 01-07. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 16, 2001. 5 p.

["President Bush, the National Conference of State Legislators and the National Governors Association have proposed options to stimulate the economy and offer assistance to workers and families affected by the attacks (on the World Trade Center). This brief explores the three proposals and focuses on the effects that each would have on states."]

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Number of Individuals Exhausting Unemployment Insurance Benefits Already Up Sharply: 735,000 Exhaustees in Third Quarter Up 42 Percent from the Preceding Year. By Isaac Shapiro, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 26, 2001. 3 p.

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["A key issue in the debate over an economic stimulus package concerns the degree to which additional weeks of unemployment insurance benefits should be provided to individuals who exhaust their regular benefits.... A growing number of unemployed individuals must deplete or exhaust their resources, or try to go on welfare, to make ends meet. A significant number of the unemployed already appear to be falling through the safety net."]

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Public Access to Environmental Information and Data: Practice Examples from the United States, the European Union, and Central and Eastern Europe. By Resources for the Future. (Resources for the Future, Washington, DC) November 2001. 88 p.

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["This document ... contains information about implementation in the United States and Europe of systems that allow the public to access and obtain environmental information held by governments. This information will be useful as other countries implement similar systems, under their commitments made to the Aarhus Convention in 1998. The Aarhus Convention sets standards for public access to environmental information, and public participation in environmental decision making, and for access to justice when the standards of the Convention have been abridged."]

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PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Land Use: Part of the Growth, Land Use, and Environment Series. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) November 2001. 36 p.

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["Economy Is No. 1 Concern For Californians: Californians, who only three months ago rated the energy crisis as the No. 1 issue facing the state, now rank it third behind the eonomy and terrorism.... Californians remain supportive of slowing growth and preserving open space, despite the weak economy. Fifty-five percent say they would vote for a local slow-growth measure, even if it would hinder economic development." San Jose Mercury News (November 13, 2001) 1.]

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Hubbert's Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage. By Kenneth S. Deffeyes. (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey) 2001. Various pagings.

["The End of Oil: Will Gas Lines in the Coming Decade Make Those of 1973 Look Short? In Hubbert's Peak, Deffeyes writes with good humor about the oil business, but he delivers a sobering message: the 100-year petroleum era is nearly over. Global oil production will peak sometime between 2004 and 2008, and the world's production of crude oil 'will fall, never to rise again.' If Deffeyes is right--and if nothing is done to reduce the increasing global thirst for oil--energy prices will soar and economies will be plunged into recession as they desperately search for alternatives." Scientific American (November 2001) [online]. NOTE: Hubbert's Peak ... is available for 3-day loan.]

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Superfund's Future: What Will It Cost? By Katherine N. Probst and David M. Konisky, Resources for the Future. (Resources for the Future, Washington, DC) July 2001. 328 p. NTC Issue #26 arrived 10/11

["(This report)... found that the EPA classified 48 of 99 Superfund sites as cleaned up despite its own evidence to the contrary. The report also warned that the cost of cleaning up Superfund sites won't drop significantly anytime soon." Sacramento Bee (July 10, 2001) A1.]

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Washington Legal Foundation, et al. v. Legal Foundation of Washington, et al. United States Court of Appeals For the Ninth Circuit. 98-35154. November 14, 2001. Various pagings

["In a reversal of a previous appellate decision, the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled 7 to 4 for the program, which takes interest earned on money temporarily held by lawyers for their clients and distributes it for legal services for the poor. The program, known as IOLTA (interest on lawyers' trust accounts), provides $13 million a year to 102 legal services programs in California and $149 million nationwide. Every state legislature has created such a program.... Legal experts said they thought it likely that the Supreme Court would take the case, because the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans ruled differently from the 9th Circuit in a similar case out of Texas last year." Los Angeles Times (November 15, 2001) B1.]

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2003 FMAPs: Bureaus Meet Their Match. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-56. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 19, 2001. 7 p.

["The new FMAPs (The Federal Medicaid Assistance Perentage) provide 23 states with increases and 17 states with declines. Based on budgeted Medicaid spending levels for 2002, FFIS estimates that using the 2003 rates would provide an additional $8.08 million in federal Medicaid funds to the 23 states with increases.... FMAPs are enhanced for the State Children's Health Insurance Program and the new Medicaid cervical and breast cancer option.]

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Economic Stimulus Alternatives. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief. 01-08. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 15, 2001. 7 p.

["The Bush administration, the House and the Senate all have produced economic stimulus proposals that would allocate funds to states for various purposes.... This brief provides state-by-state impacts of selected stimulus proposals."]

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Senate Finance Committee Economic Stimulus Bill Provides Essential Fiscal Relief to States; Temporary Increase in Medicaid Matching Rate Would Lessen the Degree to Which States Facing Budget Shortfalls Are Compelled to Undercut Federal Stimulus Efforts by Cutting Programs and Raising Taxes. By Iris J. Lav and others, Center on Budget Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2001. 8 p.

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["Without federal financial assistance, states will have no choice but to cut program expenditures and raise taxes significantly, as they did during the recession of the early 1990s. At least 30 states have implemented or begun consideration of budget cuts. Eight states already have approved significant tax increases. Such actions by states dampen the prospects for economic recovery and will offset some of the effect a federal stimulus package aims to have."]

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Maria Cano, et. al. v. Gray Davis, et. al. United States District Court, Central District of California. 01-08477. Complaint. October 1, 2001. 22 p.

[“A statewide Latino political organization filed suit in federal court, challenging redistricting boundaries in a bid to increase Latino representation in Sacramento and Washington. Lawyers for the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund charged that new boundaries for four congressional districts and two state Senate districts were designed to keep white incumbents in power. They asked a three-judge panel to order the lines redrawn and to delay the 2002 primaries from March until June to provide time to do it.” Los Angeles Times (October 2, 2001) California, Part 2, Page 1]

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Budget Watch. By the California Budget Project. Vol. 7, No. 4. (The Project, Sacramento, California) October 2001. 8 p.

[Includes: "State's Economic Outlook Has Changed Dramatically;" "Where Has All The Money Gone?: The Distribution of Proposition 1A School Facilities New Construction Funds;" "California's Poverty Rate Drops to 1989 Level, While Incomes, Health Coverage Rise;" And "Many California Families Lost Health Coverage When They Left Welfare for Work."]

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Proposed Reduction in 2001-2002 Spending. By the Office of the Governor Gray Davis. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 14, 2001. 18 p.

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["This document proposes a number of current-year General Fund spending reductions totaling $2.248 billion, which also represent $758 million in additional budget-year savings.... No reductions have been proposed for programs that provide immediate-term stimulus to the State's economy."]

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The State of the States. By Robin Prunty and others, Standard and Poor’s. (Standard and Poor’s, New York, New York and Dallas Texas) October 18, 2001. 13 p.

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[“While there is no immediate crisis for California localities, it seems inevitable that state aid to government entities will be sharply affected in fiscal 2003 after several years of state generosity, according to a report by Standard & Poor's. ‘The crunch to localities would mostly come during the 2003 fiscal year beginning July 1, 2002, and the revenue shortfall will trickle down to various local entities in different degrees,’ said David Hitchcock, a director in Standard & Poor's state and local government group.” Sacramento Business Journal (November 20, 2001) N/A]

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FY 2002 SCHIP Allotments. By T Federal Funds Information For States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-57. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 2, 2001. 3 p.

["This Issue Brief provides federal fiscal year 2002 allotments for the State Children's Health Insurance Program.... Unlike Medicaid, SCHIP funding is capped, with annual funding varying over its 10-year authorization.... The allocation of SCHIP funds is based on a state's relative number of low-income children and low-income children without health insurance."]

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Health Care Cost Trend Survey 2002. By Andersen Human Capital. (Andersen, Chicago, Illinois) October 25, 2001. 15 p.

Full Text at:$File/Healthcare%20Brochure.pdf

["Costs for most health care products are expected to grow at double-digit rates in 2002, with pharmaceuticals leading the way, according to a survey." BNA's Health Care Policy Report, October 29, 2001. p. 1630.]

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Double Digit Health Care Cost Increases Expected to Continue in 2002. By Hewitt Associates. (The Associates, San Francisco, California) October 29, 2001.

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["Hewitt Report Predicts 13% to 16% increase in health care costs in 2002, following a 10.2% increase this year, according to a new Hewitt Associates report.... Although some companies will absorb the higher costs, the report predicted that many will pass at least 25% to 30% of the increase to employees. The report estimated that employees will likely pay between $168 and $463 more for health insurance in 2002." California Healthline (October 30, 2001) 1.]

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Calm Before the Storm: Expected Increase in the Number of Uninsured Americans. By Todd Gilmer and Richard Kronick. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 6, no. 20 (November/December 2001) pp. 207-210

["The Paper projects that, if current geographic diparities in insurance rates persist, in California, Texas, and Florida more than on quarter of the under 65 population will be uninsured in 2010." BNA's Health Care Policy Report(November 19, 2001) 1.]

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California Hospital Bioterrorism Response Planning Guide: Revised Draft. By the California Department of Health Services. (The Department, Sacramento, California) October 5, 2001. 130 p.

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["Governor: California Prepared to Respond to Terrorism: The Department of Health Services is launching a secure database to provide local public health officials with up-to-date information on public health preparedness. The department also released to hospitals the 'California Hospital Bioterrorism Planning Guide', the first of its kind in the nation." City News Service (October 19, 2001) 1.]

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Losing Ground: Declining Medi-Cal Enrollment After Welfare Reform. By California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) October 2001. 26 p.

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[“Former Welfare Clients Often Lack Insurance; Success in getting people off aid has the unintended consequences of leaving many without health coverage: Many county welfare agencies have failed to let people leaving the welfare rolls know that they may still be eligible for Medi-Cal insurance, according to the report by the California Budget Project.” Contra Costa Times (October 16, 2001) 1.]

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Regulating U.S. Nursing Homes: Are We Learning From Experience? By Kieran Walshe Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, England. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 6 no. 20. (November/December 2001) pp. 128-144.

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["According to the study, the country's nursing home regulatory process needs reform in order to be effective....The study summarizes how nursing home regulation has developed in the United States from 1986 to the present and goes over what is known about the impact of regulation on nursing home care." BNA's Health Care Policy Report, November 19, 2001.]

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Creating a Healthy Environment: The Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health. By Richard Joseph Jackson and Chris Kochtitzky, Centers for Disease Control. (The Centers, Washington, DC) November 2001. 19 p.

["The report marks a new focus among public health officials on the impact land use planning has on our physical and mental well-being. It also may be a boost to anti-sprawl activists who want to take the case for smart growth to the mainstream... The most striking effect of sprawl appears to be its impact on air quality and respiratory disease... Sprawl also has a connection with increasing levels of obesity." Sacramento News and Review (November 15, 2001) 5.]

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Notice of Emergency Rulemaking: Disease Reporting to Assess Potential Bioterrorism Events. By the California Department of Health Services. (The Department, Sacramento, California) November 2001. 84 p.

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[“The state has proposed new regulations aimed at identifying and curbing the spread of infectious disease linked to bioterrorism, including increasing the length of quarantine for people with smallpox…. Under the proposed regulations, which took effect on an emergency basis earlier this month, doctors and laboratories must report within an hour cases of smallpox, viral fevers such as Ebola and other pathogens likely to be used by bioterrorists.” Los Angeles Times (November 24, 2001)]

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Median Home Price Up 12.3 Percent in September, Home Sales Decrease 16.1 Percent. By Mark Giberson, California Association of Realtors. (The Association, Sacramento, California) 2000. 4 p.

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"'California continues to be impacted by slower job growth and weaker consumer spending at the national level,' said C.A.R. President Gary Thomas...'The impact of a slowing economy is being felt primarily at the high-end of the market, especially in the Silicon Valley area, which has experienced the greatest run-up in prices over the past several years,' he said. 'Entry level home sales remain strong.'"]

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Separate and Unequal: Predatory Lending in America. By the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) (The Association, Chicago, Illinois) November 2001. 52 p.

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["Study: San Jose Blacks, Latinos Likely to Be Predatory-Lending Victims: Blacks and Latinos in San Joaquin County were more likely to receive conventional home-purchase loans from high-interest lenders last year than white home buyers, according to a study by a consumer advocacy organization.... The organization is battling a tendency among some mortgage lenders to corral low-income and nonwhite borrowers into higher-rate, or subprime, loans." Stockton Record (November 15, 2001) D1.]

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Sharon S. v. The Superior Court of California; Annette F., Real Party in Interest. Court of Appeal of California, Fourth Appellate District. D037871. Opinion. And Order Modifying Opinion and Denying Petition for Rehearing. October 25, 2001; November 21, 2001. Various pagings.

["The state appellate court that last month prohibited an adoption procedure widely used by same-sex couples said it was not deciding the validity of thousands of such adoptions performed in the past 15 years... The court deleted some of the language in its ruling that suggested all past second-parent adoptions -- estimated by gay-rights organizations at 10,000 to 20,000 -- were illegal. 'The issue of the validity of such adoptions is not presented in this case and has not been briefed by the parties and we do not address it here,' the justices said in a newly added passage." San Francisco Chronicle (November 22, 2001) A28.]

[Request #S2884]

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"Social Policy: Are California's Welfare Leavers Staying Off Public Assistance?: Welfare Recidivism and Use of Non-Cash Aid Since Welfare Reform." By Charles Lieberman and David C. Mancuso. California Policy Review, Vol.1, No. 2. October 2001. 11 p.

Full Text at:

["This article examines welfare recidivism and the use of public assistance benefits by families leaving CalWORKs (California's welfare reform program).... The unprecedented magnitude of this caseload decline has led to concerns that families may be leaving welfare before they are ready, pushed off the caseload by more stringent participation requirements into low-wage jobs without the skills needed to achieve long-term self-sufficiency."]

[Request #S2885]

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Broadening the Context: Background for Discussion of California Child Care Policy Options. By Sujatha Branch and others. Child Care Law Center. (The Center, San Francisco) 2001. 68 p.

Full Text at:

["This report explores the current subsidized child care system and offers an initial response to some of the options presented in the Governor's Administrative Review (entitled Child Care Fiscal Policy Analysis).... An additional purpose is to assist in the process of looking at interim policy options in the context of systemic change."]

[Request #S2886]

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Assessing Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Intervention Programs: Overview and Application to the Starting Early Starting Smart Program. And Executive Summary. By Lynn A. Karoly and others. (Casey Family Programs, Seattle, Washington, and RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 138 p.

[“The goal of this report is to identify the conceptual and methodological issues associated with the analysis of costs and outcomes of early intervention programs in general and to make recommendations regarding the application of these tools for subsequent demonstration studies of a particular intervention program: Starting Early Starting Smart (SESS).”]

[Request #S2887]

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Homelessness in California. By John M. Quigley and others, Goldman School of Public Policy, Univesity of California, Berkeley) Prepared for the Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) [November] 2001. 114 p.

Full Text at:

["The authors ... argue that growing income inequality is a contributing factor in the growth of homelessness in California.... The author's analysis shows that rent subsidies to poor families are the most effective policy option for providing low-end housing for the very poor.... Using a simulation model that explores the effects of alternative subsidy programs in San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Sacramento, they find that rent subsidies are far more effective in reducing homelessness than other options they examined."]

[Request #S2888]

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What Cities Need for Welfare Reform Reauthorization. By Paul Leonard and Maureen Kennedy. Prepared for the Brookings Institute (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2001. 52 p.

Full Text at:

["Cities face unique challenges to welfare reform, including having a greater share of the nation's welfare caseloads.... This paper argues that cities should organize now around an agenda for next year's reauthorization that is sensitive to the particular needs of urban areas. The paper offers a full range of recommendations for TANF reauthorization."]

[Request #S2889]

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National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: How Effective Are Different Welfare-to-Work Approaches?: Five-Year Adult and Child Impacts for Eleven Programs: Executive Summary. By Gayle Hamilton, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, and others. Prepared for the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and U.S. Department of Education. (The Corporation, New York) November 2001. 19 p.

Full Text at:

["Study Narrows Needed Welfare-to-Work Skills: Welfare-to-work programs that combine job searching with education may offer the best approach for keeping people off the rolls and earning more, a government-funded study says. The study followed 40,000 single parents for five years ... as they moved from welfare to work in five states. The department issued a summary of the findings.... It plans to release a report in several weeks." Stockton Record (November 8, 2001) D4.]

[Request #S2890]

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Mexico Backs Away from Mandatory Pollution Reporting. Edited by Talli Nauman and George Kouros. Borderlines Updater, November 7, 2001. (Border and Information Outreach Service, Interhemispheric Resource Center, Silver City, New Mexico) November 7, 2001. 10 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: “Pollutant Register’s Fate at Stake,” “Pace of BECC-NADB Reform Slows,” “Border Region Manifests Opposition to Fast Track,” “Sources for More Information,” “Border and U.S.-Mexico Headlines of Interest.”]

[Request #S2891]

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Borderlines Updater. By the Border Information & Outreach Service. (Interhemispheric Resource Center, Silver City, New Mexico). November 23, 2001. 9 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: “Out With the Old, In With the New,” “For Many Mexicans, Post 9-11 Economic Downturn Especially Harsh,” “NAFTA’s Anti-narcotics Apparatus Set to Focus on Terrorism and Public Security,” “Sources for More Information,” “Border and U.S.-Mexico Headlines of Interest.”]

[Request #S2892]

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Proposed Bioterrorism Legislation and Related Issues. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-58. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 27, 2001. 5 p.

["Bipartisan efforts in the Senate may result in new funding for state bioterrorism efforts, along with substantial new federal requirements.... Excluding small biotechnology companies developing anticancer vaccines, there are only four major vaccine manufacturers in the world, and only two in the United States. Recent problems include the shortage of continually-needed vaccines such as tetanus and influenza."]

[Request #S2893]

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Traffic Safety Facts 2000: Alcohol. By National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. DOT HS 809 323 (The Department, Washington, DC) September 24, 2001. 7 p.

["Drunken driving deaths up for first time since 1995. The number of people killed by drunken driving increased last year for the first time in five years, according to federal data.... Motor-cycle deaths rose significantly, from 2,483 in 1999 to 2,862 in 2000.... Deaths dropped for pedestrians, people riding bicycles and in accidents involving large trucks.... In California, overall deaths rose in 2000 to 3,753, up from 3,559 in 1999." San Francisco Chronicle (September 25, 2001) A14.]

[Request #S2894]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]


Society at a Glance: OECD Social Indicators: 2001 Edition. By the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (The Organization, Paris, France) September 2001. 152 p.

["The OECD social indicators include both context indicators that illustrate national differences in social trends, and social status and response indicators, categorized in four broad and interdependent areas of social policy: self-sufficiency, equity, health and social cohesion. This publication captures in a nutshell information covering a wide range of topics, amongst others: fertility rates, asylum seekers and refugees, employment, retirement ages, early childhood education and care, replacement rates, relative poverty, the gender wage gap, social expenditure, potential years of life lost, health infrastructure, suicide, group membership and prisoners."]

[Request #S2896]

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Water Governance in the San Francisco Bay Area: Challenges and Opportunities. By the California Policy Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2001.

["The study examines the unique relationship between the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) and the 29 water agencies that are the majority of its wholesale customers..... It examines the 'unregulated monopoly' characteristics of the SFPUC, which contribute to its lack of accountability." Capitol Hill Bulletin (October 11, 2001) 2.]

[Request #S2897]

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Low-Wage Workers in the New Economy. Edited by Richard Kazis and Marc S. Miller. (Urban Institute Press, Washington, DC) October 2001. 386 p.

[“'Low-Wage Workers in the New Economy' is about the men and women for whom the American Dream remains out of reach. It is about the challenges they face in pulling themselves and their families out of poverty through work. Most important, it is about strategies for helping working Americans advance—the policies and practices that can make a real difference in the ability of low-wage workers to support their families, choose their futures, and contribute more fully to society and the economy.” NOTE; Low-Wage Workers ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2898]

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The Cheating of America: How Tax Avoidance and Evasion by the Super Rich Are Costing the Country Billions - and What You Can Do About It. By Erin Bartels and others, Center for Public Integrity. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2001.

["The authors posit that most Americans, even the wealthiest, do pay their taxes, but that thousands of 'super rich' individuals and corporations do not. That conclusion isn't exactly shocking; Americans have known for years that not everyone antes up. What does surprise here is how much mega-money is involved.... Corporate tax shelters have allowed companies such as United Parcel Service, Compaq Computer and Colgate-Palmolive 'to avoid billions of dollars in taxes via tax shams.'... In 1995, 17 percent of the nation's largest corporations paid no income taxes."]

[Request #S2899]

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