Subject: Studies in the News 02-1

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

January 5, 1852 - "Capitol at Vallejo -- 1852: The Third Session opened at Vallejo on January 5, 1852. The capital was in a state of total chaos. Accommodations of all sorts were in varying stages of construction with workmen noisily determined upon their completion."  

January 5, 1852 - "The furniture, fixtures, etc. are not yet in their places (in the Capitol); many of them have not yet arrived at Vallejo ... no printing materials in town ... few or none of the buildings in town finished ... music of the saw and hammer heard night and day. "  Sacramento Daily Union (January 5, 1852) 2  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Impact of terrorism on California
   California growth and employment
   Drug trafficking in the United States
   Risk of concealed handguns
   Effect of education on crime
   Informational hearing on terrorist attacks
   Disaster preparedness warnings
   Criminal enforcement against terrorism
   States' new anti-terror burden
   Comparing global social indicators
   Future services to seniors
   Current worldwide population trends
   Recession began in March 2001
   Evolution of California manufacturing
   State economic stimulus strategies
   Electric utility deregulation and school finance
   Federal taxes collected on lotteries and similar games
   Beige book on the economy
   California electricity experience
   Economic survey of the wine industry
   School choice not hurting traditional public schools
   Early education and school success
   California county data book 2001
   Serving children of immigrants
   Children's Internet safety
   Budget cuts in education
   School-associated violent deaths
   Project labor agreements
   Biotech crop regulation
   Beach report card for summer 2001
   Mitigating encroachment to military installations
   Geothermal power in Napa Valley
   Smarter urban growth
   Indian trust assets
   Native Americans sue Interior Secretary
   Senate HHS Committee summaries of 2001 legislative bills
   Analysis of March 2002 propositions
   LAO 2001-2007 fiscal outlook
   LAO report on 2002-2003 budget
   Voters with disabilities
   Latinos and HIV/AIDS
   Emergency departments in crisis
   Reform efforts in health care
   Long-term care costs
   California managed care review 2001
   Federal Medicaid matching funds
   American obesity epidemic
   Loss of low-cost housing
   Positive child care outcomes
   Veterans' home care delivery
   Poverty in California
   Impact of Social Security tax holiday on states
   Welfare recidivism and caseload dynamics
   Immigrant and native responses to welfare reform
   NAFTA Chapter 11 investor-to-state cases
   Reduction in remittances from US to Latin America
   Sacramento metropolitan transportation plan
   Capitol Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Carey McWilliams anthology
   Preparing for an aging world
   Economic impacts of climate change
   Recycling hazardous waste
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:


Speaker’s Task Force on the Impact of Terrorism on California [Committee Reports]. By Speaker Robert Hertzberg and others, California State Assembly. (The Task Force, Sacramento, California) December 19, 2001. Various pagings.

[“The Speaker’s Task Force on the Impact of Terrorism is charged with analyzing the economic effects and making recommendations on how California can better prepare itself to deter or respond to attacks…. Total economic effects are still being tallied, but the reports … make clear the cost will be in the billions of dollars…. Legislators plan to push for federal funding assistance and to determine terrorism-related priorities.” Sacramento Bee (December 20, 2001) A3.]

[Request #S3017]

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Growth and Employment: Searching for a Crystal Ball: Forecasts and Long-Range Planning. By Michael Dardia and Laura Mameesh. California Policy Review. Vol. 1, No. 1. (SPHERE Institute and The Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. (The Institute, Palo Alto, California) September 2001. 11 p.

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["The purpose of this article is to examine some of the major projections that underlie the infrastructure planning process in the context of the accuracy of past projections. We highlight examples of inaccurate and improperly-interpreted forecasts have resulted in poor policy choices."]

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Drug Trafficking in the United States. By the Domestic Strategic Intelligence Unit, U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. (The Agency, Washington, DC) September 2001. 13 p.

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["Diverse groups traffic and distribute illegal drugs. Criminal groups operating from South America smuggle cocaine and heroin into the United States via a variety of routes, including land routes through Mexico, maritime routes along Mexico's east and west coasts, sea routes through the Caribbean, and international corridors.... Amid this voluminous trade, drug traffickers conceal cocaine, heroin, marijuana, MDMA, and methamphetamine shipments for distribution in U.S. neighborhoods."]

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Unintended Consequences: Pro-Handgun Experts Prove that Handguns are a Dangerous Choice for Self-Defense. By the Violence Policy Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) November 2001. 58 p.

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["This report is ... a brief survey of how experts view the matter, as it is popularly interpreted. It illuminates the patent danger of our present practice of allowing citizens to carry concealed handguns with only minimal screening and hardly any educational requirements."]

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The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports. By Lance Lochner and Enrico Morreti, National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper No. W8605. (The Bureau, Cambridge, Massachusetts) November 2001. 54 p.

["We begin by analyzing the effect of high school graduation on incarceration using Census data.... Overall, the estimates suggest that completing high school reduces the probability of incarceration by about .76 percentage points for whites and 3.4 percentage points for blacks.

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Informational Hearing on the Response to Recent Terrorist Attacks. By the California Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) November 14, 2001. Various pagings.

["With this hearing, the committee seeks to identify some of the local impacts of the terrorist attacks.... The paper contains a list of policy questions the testimony will address, summarizes some of the key fiscal and tax policy actions taken by the federal government since the attacks ... provides some examples of the economic impact of the attacks on California residents and businesses, and reviews a series of tax policy principles for consideration by those who wish to recommend state tax relief to strengthen California's weakening economy."]

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Public Hearing on Disaster Preparedness: Statements and Testimonies By the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) November 15, 2001. Various pagings.

["Mounting Costs Worry Safety Agencies: Upgrading California's police, fire, medical and other emergency services to fight terrorism could cost billions at a time when plunging revenues are pushing the state into fiscal crisis, a state watchdog was warned.... State officials are discussing a bond measure and three other possibilities for raising new revenue to increase California's terrorism readiness, (D.O.) Helmick, CHP Commissioner said." Sacramento Bee (November 16, 2001) A3.]

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Criminal Enforcement Against Terrorists: A Special TRAC Report. By the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University. (The Clearinghouse, Washington, DC) 2001. 5 p.

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["Over Years, S.F., L.A. Lead in Terrorism Probe: The state's technology and population teamed up to keep the FBI busy.... The data ... showed that in five years all of the nation's investigative agencies together asked for prosecution of only 463 individuals identified as being involved in either international or domestic terrorism. In the San Francisco area, FBI agents referred 80 cases to prosecutors.... Los Angeles was one of the top six areas in the country for referrals." Sacramento Bee (December 3, 2001) A4.]

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States Shoulder New Anti-Terror Burden. By John Nagy and Jason White,, Pew Center on the States. (The Center, Richmond, Virginia) November 14, 2001. 3 p.

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["At least 36 states have established new offices or task forces to coordinate anti-terror efforts within their borders and serve as liaison to the new federal Office of Homeland Security.... Unofficial estimates of states' anti-terror spending needs range from hundreds of millions through $20 billion.... Governors are turning up the heat on Washington to reimburse them."]

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Society at a Glance: OECD Social Indicators: 2001 Edition. By the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (The Organization, Paris, France) September 2001. 152 p.

["This publication captures in a nutshell information covering a wide range of topics: fertility rates, asylum seekers and refugees, employment, retirement ages, early childhood education and care, replacement rates, relative poverty, the gender wage gap, social expenditure, potential years of life lost, health infrastructure, suicide, group membership and prisoners."]

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An Aging World: 2001. By Kevin Kinsella and Victoria A. Velkoff. U.S. Census Bureau (The Bureau, Washington, D.C.) November 2001. 190 p.

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[“In general, seniors are better educated, retiring earlier and living longer.... The study shows that the predicted changes will test governments’ ability to address health care, retirement benefits and other issues that affect seniors, experts say.” San Francisco Chronicle (December 14, 2001) A20.]

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A Demographic Perspective on Our Nation's Future. By Peter Morrison, Rand Labor and Population Program. DB-320-WFHF/DLPF/RF. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 49 p.

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["The briefing examines current population trends worldwide and in the United States, discusses implications for the United States, and explores public policy challenges these trends now pose. Morrison concludes that the main challenges are likely to include coping with a reduced workforce and growing elderly population, reducing inequalities and barriers to opportunity, and balancing the competing needs of different generations and ethnic groups." Population Matters Policy Brief (2001) 1.]

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The Business-Cycle Peak of March 2001. By the Business Cycle Dating Committee, National Bureau of Economic Research. (The Bureau, Cambridge Massachusetts) November 26, 2001. 9 p.

["The longest economic expansion in the nation's history ended in March, and a recession is under way.... Statistics on employment, industrial production, wholesale and retail trade, and personal income point to the first recession since 1990-1991." San Francisco Chronicle (November 27, 2001) B1.]

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The Evolution of California Manufacturing. By Paul W. Rhode. Prepared for the Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2001. 126 p.

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["Drawing on a unique and comprehensive database developed from the U.S. Census of Manufacturers, the study reveals the state's emergence from a resource-based to a knowledge-based economy; its integration into the national economy; the effect of strict immigration laws on labor market patterns; the origins and development of high-wage sectors, such as aerospace and electronics; and the role of population growth in the economy's expansion and diversification."]

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State Economic Stimulus Strategies. By Philip Psilos, National Governor’s Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) November 29, 2001. 3 p.

Full Text at:,1434,2886,00.html

["States are experimenting with programs and regulatory changes to more rapidly put state funds to productive use, to encourage business investment, to streamline regulations, to accelerate capital projects, and to provide financing to other activities such as low-income housing. This page provides an outline of the principal strategies in use by the states."]

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"Electric Utility Deregulation And School Finance in the United States." By Lawrence C. Walters, Department of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University and Gary C. Cornia, George W. Romney Institute of Public Management, Brigham Young University. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 22, no. 9 (November 26, 2001) pp. 677-690.

["This article focuses on the tax revenue implications for school districts of the changing characteristics of the electric industry.... To the extent that restructuring electric utilities may affect the property tax, it will have potentially serious repercussions for a significant percentage of school districts. We offer data on the relative importance of the property tax from electric utilities in selected states.... We conclude with suggestions on how to respond to the problem."]

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Chickasaw Nation, Petitioner v. United States; And Choctaw Nation Of Oklahoma, Petitioner v. United States. Supreme Court Of The United States. 00-507. October 2, 2001. Various Pagings. And United States v. Little Six, Inc., et al.. Supreme Court Of The United States. 00-1115. December 3, 2001. Various pagings.

[“The Supreme Court erased a ruling in favor of an Indian tribe, following up on its decision that some tribal gaming can be taxed. The Supreme Court ruled last week that federal taxes can be collected on lotteries and similar games." Las Vegas Sun (December 3, 2001) A1.]

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Beige Book: Review and Analysis: Economic Weakness Persists. By Dean Baker, Financial Markets Center. (The Center, Philomont, Virginia) November 28, 2001. 2 p.

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["The November Beige Book presents a mostly negative picture of the economy. Despite some variation across the country, most Federal Reserve Districts display continuing signs of weakness, with sales, output, and employment flat or declining. The most notable exception is car sales, which boomed everywhere in October."]

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The California Electricity Experience, 2000-01: Education or Diversion? By Timothy J. Brennan. (Resources for the Future, Washington, DC) October 2001. 57 p.

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["The complex implementation of retail electricity competition began in 1996, and retail markets opened in the spring of 1998. A key fact is that this process worked reasonably well more than two years. We present what has happened in California since, and then summarize the state's (ever-changing) set of responses to the power crisis."]

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An Economic Survey of the Wine and Winegrape Industry in the United States and Canada: Revised Draft. By Daniel A. Sumner and others, Agricultural Issues Center, University of California, Davis. (The Center, Davis, California) December 2, 2001. 37p.

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["California's wine and winegrape industry is facing a continued economic slowdown until the current oversupply and overplanting can work their way through the system.... Despite the bleak near-term projections, the study's authors conclude that the industry is well positioned to compete in the long term, both in the domestic market and in a growing export market." AIC Quarterly (October, 2001) 2.]

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Rhetoric Versus Reality: What We Know and What We Need to Know About Vouchers and Charter Schools. By Brian P. Gill and others, Rand Education. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) December 2001. 266 p.

["After a decade of experimentation and hundreds of studies, conclusive evidence of the relative merit or harm of giving parents more publicly financed school choices for their children remains elusive, a new study concludes. Just as with public schools in general, the effectiveness of charter schools and voucher programs depends on the type of school or program and, to some degree, the population they serve. But researchers also conclude there's little evidence that the rapid spread of school choice is harming traditional public schools, as predicted by critics." Los Angeles Times (December 2, 2001) 1.]

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Starting Early, Starting Now: A Policymaker's Guide to Early Care & Education and School Success. By Kristie Kauerz and others, Education Commission of the States. EC-01-01. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) 2001. 27 p.

["Research has established a clear and compelling connection between the quality of children's early learning experiences and later success in school and in life.... This report ... is designed to serve as a practical guide for policymakers and others to use in their efforts to build systematic and sustainable reform of early care and education."]

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California County Data Book 2001: Factors for School Success. And California Report Card 2001: Factors for School Success. By Children Now. (Children Now, Oakland, California) November 28, 2001. 170 p.; 42 p.

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["The California Report Card and accompanying California County Data Book 2001 [is] ... a collection of county-by-county data and statewide trends that draw connections between children's success or failure in school and the economic security, health, safety and early-care foundation that underlie it." San Jose Mercury News (November 28, 2001) 19A.]

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Afterword: Understanding and Serving the Children of Immigrants. By Carola Suarez-Orozco. IN: Harvard Educational Review, vol. 71, no. 3 (Fall 2001). pp. 579-589.

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["The articles in this Special Issue shed important light on the challenges schools are currently encountering. Representing a broad range of methodologies from qualitative studies including student-focused, family-focused and school-based ethnographies to quantitative analyses of Census data -- the articles expand the focus beyond Latino youth and consider newer and less numerically significant newcomers, such as African-origin, Hmong, Chinese, and Yemeni youth."]

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Nontechnical Strategies to Reduce Children's Exposure to Inappropriate Material on the Internet: Summary of a Workshop. By the National Research Council (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2001. 90 p.

[Includes: "The Context of Strategy Development: The Needs of School and Parents;" "Creating a Framework for Developing Effective Nontechnical Strategies;" "Nontechnical Strategies;" "Research, Policy, and Practice: Future Directions;" and others. NOTE: Nontechnical Strategies ... is available for 3-day loan.]

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Education in Crisis: The State Budget Crunch and our Nation's Schools. By the Democratic staffs of the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions and the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce. (The Committees, Washington, DC) 2001. 8p.

["States have cut real funding for elementary and secondary education by $11.3 billion over the last year, according to a Congressional survey of 48 state education budget officers. Seven state legislatures so far have been called into special sessions to consider still further budget cuts.... The federal education budget commitment must more than double in order to respond fully to the needs of America's children."]

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School-Associated Violent Deaths in the United States, 1994-1999. By Mark Anderson and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 21 (December 5, 2001). pp. 2695-2702.

[“The study was undertaken … with the following objectives in mind: (1) to systematically collect information on all identified school-associated violent deaths, (2) to provide a national estimate of risk for school-associated violent death, (3) to assess national trends in school-associated violent deaths from 1992-1999, (4) to identify common features of these events, and (5) to describe potential risk factors for perpetration and victimization.”]

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Constructing California: A Review of Project Labor Agreements. By Kimberly Johnston-Dodds, California Research Bureau. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) October 2001. 102 p.

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[“Although PLAs have many complex and subtle features, the basic exchange is that the union agrees not to strike while the project is being built, and to use high-speed arbitration to resolve any workplace disputes that arise. The construction firm agrees to hire workers through a union hiring hall, with some qualifications, to pay union wages, and not to engage in 'lock-outs' in the event of a dispute. This report includes case studies of recent PLAs that are breaking new ground.”]

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Survey Shows Most States Would Not Use Unemployment Insurance Funds They Would Receive Under House Stimulus Bill To Expand Or Extend Unemployment Benefits. By Wendell Primus, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) December 2, 2001. 2 p.

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["The House stimulus bill would accelerate the distribution to states of $9.3 billion in Federal Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund reserves.... A new survey of states conducted by the National Association of State Workforce Agencies shows most states would not use any of these funds to expand or extend unemployment benefits."]

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State Trends in Unemployment Insurance Eligibility, Benefits, and Take-up, 1990-2000: Draft. By Jeffrey B. Wenger, Economic Policy Institute. Presented at the Workforce Security Research Conference: Making Connections in the New Economy, June 26-27, 2001, Washington, DC. (Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor, Washington, DC) December 2001. 25 p.

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["We focus on both policy changes throughout the 1990s and state-to-state differences in UI policy (Details by state are presented in two appendix tables.) We pay particular attention to those factors that are likely to impact low-wage workers, part-time workers, and workers with interrupted or limited labor market experience. From 1990-2000 we analyze changes in eligibility requirements, benefit amounts and the percentage of unemployed workers applying for benefits."]

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Evaluation of the U.S. Regulatory Process for Crops Developed through Biotechnology. By Bruce M. Chassy, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Science, University of Illinois, Urbana, and others. Prepared for the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. (The Council, Ames, Iowa) October 2001. 14 p.

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["A group of nine science and policy experts prepared the issue paper for CAST, which represents 36 food and agricultural scientific organizations. The paper's authors found that the U.S. regulatory process for evaluating biotechnology-derived crops is comprehensive and meets its charge of ensuring that biotechnology-derived foods are at least as safe as foods derived using traditional breeding techniques."]

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Heal the Bay's Beach Report Card: Year in review. And Summer in Review. By Heal the Bay. (Heal the Bay, Santa Monica, California) 2001. Various pagings.

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["Southern California beaches were a little cleaner this past summer, the environmental group said. The group grades beaches weekly by the amount of indicator bacteria in the surf... Mark Gold, executive director said the dry summer was partially responsible for the improved numbers. Rain sends all sorts of man-made and natural pollutants into the ocean. But he added that some credit also should go to local government's efforts to make wastewater treatment plants handle the toxic trickle that would otherwise dribble from storm drains in dry weather." Sacramento Bee (November 2, 2001) A4.]

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Forecasting and Mitigating Future Urban Encroachment Adjacent to California Military Installations: A Spatial Approach. By John Landis, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, and others. Working Paper 2001-11. (The Institute, Berkeley, California) November 2001. 101 p.

["The purpose of this report is to provide information to the legislature, the governor, the California Defense Retention and Conversion Council (CDRCC), and the U.S. military regarding the potential encroachment effects ... to present and evaluate alternative planning and policy approaches ... and to develop a web-enabled spatial database for ... planners in analyzing encroachment issues and undertaking future encroachment zone studies."]

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California Heats Up Over Natural Steam. By Naomi Lubick. IN: Scientific American Explore. December 10, 2001. Various pagings.

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["Pumping water into the Geysers geothermal steamfield in Napa Valley will provide power companies with free steam energy and residents with possible earthquakes.... The city settled the fifth lawsuit threatening to block construction of a pipeline to carry the water east to the Geysers geothermal steamfield in Napa Valley.... If all goes smoothly, the project will be pumping water to the Geysers by the end of 2002. After that, the Geysers will become a large laboratory for observing the evolution of a geothermal steamfield."]

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Smarter Urban Growth: Markets or Bureaucracy? Forum Transcript. By Randal O'Toole, Thoreau Institute and Daniel B. Klein, Santa Clara University. Presented by The Independent Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) October 3, 2001. 23 p.

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["Astronomical housing costs, suffocating traffic congestion, and pollution take a heavy toll on our quality of life. Urban economists discuss innovative 'smarter growth' solutions for affordable housing, transportation, land use, and the quality of life in our communities."]

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U.S. Department of the Interior to Create New Trust Management Bureau; Tribal Consultation Absent. IN: National Congress of American Indians News (November 16, 2001) 1 p.

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["Indians Rip New U.S. Agency on Trust Funds: Interior Secretary Gale Norton's decision to create a new bureaucracy to fix the Indian trust fund is drawing fire from two prominent American Indian groups. Officials with the Native American Rights Fund and the National Congress of American Indians blasted Norton for setting up the Office of Indian Trust Transition without consulting them." Sacramento Bee (November 23, 2000) A22.]

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Eloise Pepion Cobell, et al., v. Gale Norton, Secretary of the Interior, et al. United States Court for the District of Columbia. 96-1285. November 28, 2001.

["U.S. Interior Secretary to Stand Trial in Tribal Trust-Funds Case: Elouise Cobell, a member of the Blackfeet tribe initiated the class action lawsuit in 1996 to force the federal government to account for millions of dollars in unreconciled individual Indian accounts.... Judge Lamberth has said he would consider personal fines and confinement for government officials if they were found in contempt again." Indian Country Today (November 30, 2001) 1.]

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Summaries of Legislative Bills: 2001. By the Senate Committee on Health and Human Services. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) [December] 2001. 129 p.

[“[The summary] includes bills on adoptions, child welfare and foster care; aging and long-term care; AIDS/HIV; alcohol and drugs, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements; CALWORKS and other public assistance programs; cancer; child care; child support; disabilities; emergency services; health care; health facilities; health personnel; Medi-Cal, Healthy Families, and other public health insurance programs; mental health; public health; school health; [and] tobacco."]

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Analyses of Propositions For Election: Tuesday, March 05, 2002. By the Legislative Analyst’s Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 20, 2001. Various pagings.

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["Ballot Proposition Analyses [include] California Clean Water, Clean Air, Safe Neighborhood Parks, and Coastal Protection Act; Voting Modernization Bond Act of 2002; Transportation Funding: Sales and Use Tax Revenues; Right to Have Vote Counted; Board of Chiropractic Examiners Legislative Amendment; [and] Term Limits -- Local Legislative Option Initiative Statute."]

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California’s Fiscal Outlook: LAO Projections: 2001-02 Through 2006-07. By Elizabeth G. Hill, Legislative Analyst’s Office (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 2001. 36 p.

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["Legislative Analysis: State Revenue Decline Worst Since WWII: The Legislative Analyst forecast a $12.4 billion budget shortfall during the two-year period.... (Elizabeth) Hill predicts that revenue shortages, estimated at 15 percent during the next two budget years, could linger until 2007." Associated Press State & Local Wire (November 14, 2001)1.]

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Addressing the State's Fiscal Problem. By Elizabeth G. Hill, Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) December 19, 2001. 16 p.

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["Legislative analyst Elizabeth Hill released a report giving details of $1.4 billion in possible cuts and temporary tax increases. The deficit could be trimmed by $2 billion, Hill said, with a half-cent sales tax increase. Raising personal income taxes in the highest-income brackets would bring in nearly $4 billion. Eliminating raises for state workers in health, social services and education could save $1 billion." San Francisco Chronicle (December 20, 2001) A15.]

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Voters with Disabilities: Access to Polling Places and Alternative Voting Methods. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-01-536. (The Office, Washington, DC) October 2001. 90 p.

["This report examines state and local provisions and practices for assuring voting accessibility, both at polling places and with respect to alternative voting methods and accommodations; estimates the proportion of polling places with features that might facilitate or impede access; and identifies efforts and challenges to improving voting accessibility."]

[Request #S2993]

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Latinos and HIV/AIDS. By The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) November 2001. 51 p.

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["Latinos, despite an increased understanding that AIDS is a killing disease, appear less likely than others to practice safe sex and avoid drug needle sharing, according to findings." Sacramento Bee (December 1, 2001) A3.]

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A System In Crisis: More ERs Shut; Losses Grow. By the California Medical Association. (The Association, San Francisco, California) November 6, 2001. 16 p.

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["Report Exposes ERs' Critical Lack of Space: The state's emergency rooms don't have the money or the capacity to respond to a bad flu season or a bioterrorist attack, according to a report.... Statewide, hospitals and physicians lost more than $430 million providing uncompensated care in fiscal 2000, $30 million more than in 1999." Sacramento Bee (November 7, 2001) A1.]

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Oxymorons: The Myth of a U.S. Health Care System. By J. D. Kleinke. (Jossey-Bass, New York, New York) September 2001. 256 p.

[“Health care in America is a sizable and growing middle-class jobs program. There are tens of thousands of well-meaning people working throughout the health care system, none of whom ever see a patient or deliver any actual medical care. They preside over an infinity of rules, regulations, forms, redundant processes, contract outsourcing, financial brokering, benefit plan tinkering, analytical processes, incompatible data systems, and dead forests of paperwork. The end-result of every attempt at 'reform' is the creation of more jobs.” NOTE: Oxymorons ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2940]

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The Costs of Long-Term Care: Public Perceptions Versus Reality. By The American Association of Retired Persons (The Association, Washington, DC) December 2001. 127 p.

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["A survey ... found that more than half the people surveyed wrongly believe Medicare will pay for long-term care in a nursing home.... More than half underestimated the cost of a nursing home. A sampling of Californians was included in the national survey." Sacramento Bee (December 13, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S2997]

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California Managed Care Review: 2001. By Allan Baumgarten. Prepared for the California HealthCare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) November 2001. 74 p.

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["The Foundation commissioned this report to provide ... an objective analysis of market issues and trends and a set of data that will help inform future debates about health policy. The report focuses on the organizations that deliver, organize, and finance health care and health insurance in the state."]

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Another Blow to Medicaid. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-60. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 29, 2001. 3 p.

["Last year, the federal government placed restrictions on a financing mechanism known as the upper payment limit (UPL). This creative financing technique allows states to draw down federal Medicaid matching funds without spending any state money and then use the additional funds for Medicaid or other purposes. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has released another rule that would close the loophole completely."]

[Request #S2999]

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Senate Medicaid DSH Proposal. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-62. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 5, 2001. 3 p.

["Economic stimulus legislation has gained some momentum, as legislative leaders in the House and the Senate reached preliminary agreement to structure a conference committee that would work to resolve issues. This brief presents information on one additional Medicaid proposal: a proposal in the Senate to extend the availability of disproportionate share (DSH) Medicaid spending to so called "low-DSH" states."]

[Request #S3000]

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The Surgeon General's Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity. By Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; National Institutes of Health. (Office of the Surgeon General , Washington, D.C.) 2001. 39 p.

Full Text at:

[“The U.S. Surgeon General called for sweeping changes in schools, restaurants, workplaces and communities to help combat the nation’s growing epidemic of Americans who are overweight…. The report also recommends that restaurants and fast-food establishments –- where Americans now spend 40 percent of their food budget –- should offer more nutrition information so both adults and children could eat better.” Sacramento Bee (December 14, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S3001]

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Federally Assisted Multifamily Housing: Summary of Prepayment Eligible and Expiring Section 8 Contracts. And Projects in Process of Opt-Out. Projects in Process of Payment. By California Housing Partnership Corporation. (The Corporation, San Francisco, California) November 2001. 15 p.

Full Text at:

["California risks losing more than 5,000 affordable rental housing units over the next three years as restrictions on the owners, who have received special tax credits, expire, allowing them to charge market-rate rents, according to a new report...The CHPC report focuses on roughly 15,000 rental units that were built statewide from 1987 through 1989 under California's Low-Income Housing Tax Credit program." Sacramento Bee (November 29, 2001) A4.]

[Request #S3002]

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Getting to Positive Outcomes for Children in Child Care: A Summary of Two Workshops. By the National Research Council. (The Council, Washington, DC) 2001. 55 p.

[Includes: "Steps Toward Developing Performance Measures;" "Involving Stakeholders;" "Cultural Diversity;" "Lessons Learned From Other Policy Domains;" "Head Start Performance Standards and Measures;" and others. NOTE: Getting to Positive Outcomes ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S2629]

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Veterans Home Care: A Look at State and Federal Service Delivery Models. By Marcus Nieto, California Research Bureau. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) November 2001. 16 p.

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[“With more Veteran Homes planned for construction, should the Legislature consider other methods for delivering and providing care to state veterans? This Note examines the types of services provided to veterans by state and federal agencies, alternatives to the model of nursing care provided to California veterans, as well as how other states' veteran departments provide nursing care.”]

[Request #S3003]

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House Committee Reauthorizes Safe and Stable Families Program. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-59. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 7, 2001. 3 p.

["The Promoting Safe and Stable Families program expired at the end of fiscal year (FY) 2001. On October 31, 2001, the House Ways and Means Committee approved a bill, H.R. 2873, to reauthorize the program and establish two new programs."]

[Request #S3004]

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Poverty in California: Levels, Trends, and Demographic Dimensions. By Deborah Reed and Richard Van Swearingen, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts Population Trends and Profiles. Vol. 3, No. 3. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) November 2001. 16 p.

Full Text at:

["Although the state overall had an average poverty rate of 14 percent in 1998-2000, the poverty rates for children under 18, African Americans, U.S.-born Hispanics, and residents of the San Joaquin Valley were closer to 20 percent. The groups with the highest poverty rates were foreign-born Hispanics (27 percent) and female-headed households with children (37 percent).... The data for this study come from the March file of the Current Population Survey."]

[Request #S3005]

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Impact of Social Security Tax Holiday on States. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-61. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 29, 2001. 2 p.

["Congress currently is considering a proposal to implement a Social Security tax holiday for a one-month period.... Payroll costs are among the major expenditures states face, since they employ thousands of people. It follows that states stand to benefit from this proposal. If all state workers were covered by Social Security, states would save about $823 million from a one-month tax holiday."]

[Request #S3006]

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An Examination of Welfare Caseload Dynamics in California Using Administrative Micro-Data: Draft Report. And Welfare Recidivism and Use of Non-Cash Aid by Welfare Leavers in California. By R. Mark Gritz and others, The Sphere Institute. Prepared for the Office of Human Services Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Institute, Burlingame, California) 2001. Various pagings.

["We use state administrative micro-data to examine California's welfare caseload trends since the late 1980s.... We can identify the demographic characteristics of recipients ... and assess whether certain groups are being left behind.... We use statewide administrative data to examine post-exit aid use and welfare recidivism for different groups of families leaving cash aid."]

[Request #S3007]

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Immigrant and Native Responses to Welfare Reform. By Robert Kaestner, Institute of Government and Public Affairs and Neeraj Kaushal, Department of Economics, City University of New York. Prepared for the National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper No. 8541. (The Bureau, Cambridge, Massachusetts) October 2001. 34 p.

["In this paper, we investigate the effect of federal welfare reform on the employment, hours of work and marriage rates of three groups of low-educated women: foreign-born, non-citizens and native-born citizens. Among non-citizens, we investigate whether the behavioral response to welfare reform differed by recency of immigration."]

[Request #S3008]

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NAFTA Chapter 11 Investor-to-State Cases: Bankrupting Democracy: Lessons for Fast Track and the Free Trade Area of the Americas. By Public Citizen. (Public Citizen, Washington, DC) September 2001. 70 p.

["This report analyzes NAFTA's groundbreaking investment chapter, which granted expansive new rights and privileges for foreign investors.... NAFTA provides foreign investors the ability to privately enforce their new investor rights. Called 'investor-to-state' dispute resolution ... investors use these new rights to challenge a variety of national, state and local environmental and public health policies."]

[Request #S3009]

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Latin American Migrants in the United States Sending Less Money Home in Wake of September 11 Attacks [Press Release]. By Inter-American Development Bank. (The Bank, Washington, DC) December 17, 2001. 2 p.

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["The study confirms mounting anecdotal evidence that the deepening U.S. recession and rising unemployment is disproportionately affecting immigrants...Although the study does not quantify the drop-off, Don Terry of the Washington-based Inter-American Development Bank, said the reductions could be in the billions of dollars if the economic downturn persists. 'We are concerned about the significant negative economic impact on the region this could have,' Terry said. An estimated $13 billion was sent by immigrants from the United States to Latin America last year, half of it to Mexico." Los Angeles Times (December 17, 2001) C3]

[Request #S3010]

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Metropolitan Transportation Plan for 2025: Analysis of Study Alternatives. By the Sacramento Area Council of Governments. SACOG-01-017. (The Council, Sacramento, California) September 2001. 87 p.

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["Proposal Maps Future Roads: SACOG's ambitious preliminary draft includes a long-debated link between Highway. 50 and I-80. The draft plan includes a little something for everyone -- a beltway between highways 50 and 99, two new bridges over the American River, $5000 million to help communities plan neighborhoods around transit, bypasses in Marysville and Lincoln, and a light-rail extension to the airport." Sacramento Bee (November 16, 2001.) A1.]

[Request #S3011]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By The California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 8, Bulletin 34-38, (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 15 - December 21, 2001. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Senate Agriculture Would Expand Legal Immigrants' Food Stamp Eligibility;" "Ashcroft Intends To Restructure INS;" "California Projected To Lose Significant Medicaid Funding As New Income And Population Data Recalculate Grants;" "Congress Passes Defense Authorization Bill Sets New Base Closure Round for 2005;" "Conference Committee Finalizes, House Approves Sweeping K-12 Education Reauthorization;" "House Judiciary Panel Examines Digital Millennium Copyright Act;" "California Congressmen Criticize Lack of Action on Cross-Border Sewage Treatment Law;" "HHS Secretary Seeks State Government Help Countering Bioterrorism;" "Indicators Reveal Minority Education Gaps in California;" and others.]

[Request #S3012]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Fool's Paradise: A Carey McWilliams Reader. By Carey McWilliams. (California Legacy Books/Heyday Books, Berkeley, California) 2001. 262 p.

["The junior McWilliams has written a loving, acerbic preface to a new collection of some of his dad's most trenchant journalism and social history.... Not only did McWilliams report and editorialize on most of California's important battles for social justice in the past century, he also helped organize committees that won several of them." San Francisco Chronicle (November 28, 2001) D3.]

[Request #S3013]

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Preparing for an Aging World: The Case for Cross-National Research. By the Panel on a Research Agenda and New Data for an Aging World, National Research Council. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 328 p.

["A panel of experts examines the issues surrounding global aging and their implications for policy and research. The report rejects alarmist as well as complacent views of global aging.... The number of elderly is now increasing by 8 million per year; by 2030, this increase will reach 24 million per year.... Nations need to act promptly to develop strategies for generating policy relevant information to guide policymaking and to avoid the potential for a global 'aging' crisis." Population Matters Policy Brief (2001.) 1.]

[Request #S3014]

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Climate Change: Science, Strategies & Solutions. Edited by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. (Brill Publishing, New York, New York) 2001. 400 p.

[Includes "Understanding the Science of Impact and Change in Global and Regional Climate;" "Impacts on the U.S. Agricultural Sector;" "U.S. Climate Policy: Factors and Constraints;" "Electric Power Futures in Five Developing Countries;" "State, Local and Corporate Climate Actions Enhance Quality of Life; "Innovative State Programs: Oregon and New Jersey Take the Lead;" and others.]

[Request #S3015]

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Fateful Harvest. By Duff Wilson. (HarperCollins Publishers, New York, New York) 2001. 336 p.

[Many industries have found the ideal use for their hazardous waste: They simply rename it fertilizer.... Soil supplements are tested only for the presence of growth-enhancing chemicals, there are no restrictions on what else can be in there. Comingled with the zinc, for example, can be dioxin, lead, mercury, chromium, and arsenic. These industrial by-products can be sold to farmers without so much as a warning label. It's all perfectly legal. It's called recycling."]

[Request #S3016]

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