Subject: Studies in the News 02-3

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

January 5, 1852 - "The $125,000 capitol so far a rather insignificant two-story buidling with a drinking-saloon and a skittle alley in the basement.... the steamer, Empire, establishing itself as a floating hotel berthed some 250 persons, of whom 50 were members of the legislature."  California's Legislature p. 152  

January 5, 1852 - "The dearth of essentials and the absense of amenities plunged the legisltors into a new battle to move the capitol.... It was decided that, while the town of Vallejo would remian the permanent capital of the state, the Senate and Assembly would repair to Sacramento on January 16, 1852 to complete the session."  California's Legislature p. 152  

Contents This Week

   Witness protection program
   LAPD misconduct report
   Three strikes law in California
   Attorney General suit against PG&E
   California population still growing
   Suburbs and the census
   Bay Area projections 2002
   UCLA economic forecast
   California energy markets
   Library response to UCITA amendments
   Proposed UCITA amendments
   Terrorism insurance post September 11
   Insurance regulation modernization
   Bay Area economic outlook
   Early education quality counts
   Federal educational funding
   Career academy programs
   Economic benefits of international education
   International student statistics
   Status of the teaching profession
   Difficult choices and endangered species
   Nation of poisons
   Environment report for Canada, U.S. and Mexico
   Federal regulations on wetlands
   Black families losing land holdings
   Lessening of racial stereo-types
   Indian trust fund mismanagement
   Department of Correction's fiscal practices
   Audit of Technology, Trade and Commerce Agency
   Californians polled on tax hikes
   Survey of Californians and their government
   State financial report
   Complaint against state lottery
   Governor's state budget
   LAO's overview of state budget
   Eliminating barriers for the disabled
   Prices on prescription drugs
   Student physical fitness tests
   Potential dangers of irradiated food
   Federal requirements for health insurance
   Affordable housing and growth management
   Expanding affordable housing
   Predatory lending
   State-by-state profile of children's issues
   Food stamps for the working poor
   Food stamp program rules for the elderly
   Overview of California's foster care system
   Foster teens in transition
   Returning home from foster care
   New directions in social policy
   Trade agreement challenges to state taxes
   Mexican truck compliance in U.S.
   Costs and benefits in homeland security investing
   Civil liberties and security
   High cost of bad roads
   Statewide plan to ease traffic congestion
   Bay area transportation plan
   Strategies for school improvement
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Department of Justice: It Continues to Use the Improvements It Made to the California Witness Protection Program. By the Bureau of State Audits, California State Auditor. 2001-013. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 2001. 18 p.

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["The report follows up on our prior audit report and concludes that the department's administration of the program continues to meet our previous recommendations. In particular, the department has a management review process for the approval of program applications and has been conducting audits of district attorneys' offices participating in the program."]

[Request #S3055]

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Report of the Independent Monitor for The Los Angeles Police Department: First Quarterly Report. By Michael Cherkasy. Prepared for the Los Angeles Police Department. (The Department, Los Angeles, California) November 15, 2001. 38 p.

["The report marked Cherkasky's first public assessment of how the department is doing in its efforts to carry out reforms and address a culture that has been blamed for permitting abuse and misconduct.... Cherkasky ... also found that a large backlog of misconduct complaints against officers threatens the department's ability to pursue long-term fixes." Los Angeles Times (November 20, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3056]

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Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California. By Franklin E. Zimring, University of California, Berkeley, and others. (Oxford University Press, New York, New York) 2001. 240 p.

["Figures on Black Inmates Fuel Racism Debate: Blacks make up about 7 percent of California's population and 31 percent of the overall prison population and 44 percent of three-strikers in prison.... Three-strikes critic Franklin Zimring said the disparity arises because robbery, the most frequent crime for which three-strikes defendants are sent away, is committed disproportionately by blacks. 'It isn't that prosecutors are picking on that particular group, it is that the statute is picking on that particular group.'" San Jose Mercury News (December 28, 2001) 18A.]

[Request #S3057]

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People of California v. PG&E Corporation, et al. San Francisco County Superior Court. Complaint. January 10, 2002. 30 p.

["Attorney General Bill Lockyer accused Pacific Gas and Electric Co.'s parent company of defrauding California ratepayers by siphoning off billions of dollars from PG&E in the four years before the utility filed for bankruptcy... Lockyer contended that the transfers violated conditions laid down by the state Public Utilities Commission in 1996, when it approved formation of the holding company, PG&E Corp...The suit seeks at least $500 million in civil penalties, plus recovery of an unspecified amount from the parent company. Lockyer said the sum could range from $600 million to $4 billion." San Francisco Chronicle (January 11, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S3058]

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States Ranked by Estimated Percent Population Changes from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2001. By U.S. Census Bureau. (Bureau, Washington, DC) January 2002. 4 p.

["California's economy may be shrinking, but its population is still growing, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's most recent estimate. The Golden State grew more than any other state in the nation, gaining 629,000 residents between April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2001.... California now has about 34.5 million residents -- about 12.1 percent of the county's total." San Francisco Chronicle (December 28, 2001) 1.]

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Suburbs and the Census: Patterns of Growth and Decline. By William H. Lucy and David L. Phillips, University of Virginia. Prepared for the Brookings Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) December 2001. 12 p.

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["Study Shows Complexity of Suburban Population; (William H.) Lucy and David L. Phillips ... examined more than 2,500 suburban towns in the country's 35 largest metropolitan areas.... Although the suburbs grew an average 14 percent between 1990 and 2000, more than a third of the towns showed no growth or declined in population -- some of them substantially." Baltimore Sun (January 10, 2002) 2B.]

[Request #S3060]

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Projections 2002 : Forecasts for the San Francisco to the year 2025. By the Association of Bay Area Governments. (The Association, Oakland, California) 285 p. TC

["The forecast shows new patterns in population, employment, labor force, income, and households in the Bay Area for the next 25 years, especially after the dot-com economy plummeted. The new forecast predicts recovery from the Bay Area recession will begin during the second half of 2002, with jobs and population growing at a pace of one to two percent percent per year." Associated Press State & Local Wire (December 13, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S4016]

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The UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California. By the UCLA Business Forecasting Project, Anderson School, University of California, Los Angeles. (The School, Los Angeles, California) December 2001. Various pagings.

["The forecast said the recession started in March and predicts California will climb out of it with the rest of the nation in the spring. It projects a state jobless rate that will increase from 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent in the early 2003 as the effects of the recession linger.... But the overall impact of the recession will be milder than the one in the early 1990s, when the state unemployment rate hit nearly 10 percent, the report states." Fresno Bee (December 16, 2001) 1.]

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California Energy Markets: Pressures Have Eased, but Cost Risks Remain. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2001-009. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 2001. 258 p.

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["This report concludes that while the energy crisis has eased, there remain significant cost risks to manage. The department spent $10.7 billion from January through September 2001 purchasing power on behalf of the investor-owned utilities and has assembled a portfolio of 57 long-term power contracts, valued at $426 billion.... The portfolio of contracts the department assembled in a time of crisis contains significant long-term risks that will need to be closely managed."]

[Request #S3062]

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Library Response to National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL) Amendment Proposals. By the American Library Association. (The Association, Chicago, Illinois) January 2002. 7 p.

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["UCITA (Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act) Amendments Don't Sway Most Opponents: The library community was particularly incensed by the National Conference of Commissioners of Uniform State Laws committee report, which said library associations were looking to UCITA to fix flaws in federal copyright law.... Libraries are concerned that under UCITA, producers of digital goods would use licensing agreements to circumvent copyright protections." Washington Internet Daily (January 7, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S3063]

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Report of Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act (UCITA) Standby Committee. By the Standby Committee, National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. (The Conference, Chicago, Illinois) December 17, 2001. Various pagings.

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["Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act (UCITA) Changes Fail to Appease: The drafters of the controversial UCITA software licensing law have done an about face on some of its key provisions.... Facing the possibility that UCITA could die, its drafting committee ... adopted a series of amendments intended to win support." Computerworld (January 7, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3064]

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AFFECT (Americans for Fair Electronic Commerce Transactions) Statement on Proposed New Amendments to the Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act (UCITA). (Americans for Fair Electronic Commerce Transactions, Sacramento, California) January 4, 2001. 3 p.

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["The Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act (UCITA)Amendments Don't Sway Most Opponents: Opposition to UCITA is likely to continue despite recent amendments proposed for the model legislation.... The Americans for Fair Electronic Commerce Transactions ... don't believe the amendments would do enough." Washington Internet Daily (January 7, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3065]

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Terrorism Insurance in the Post September 11 Marketplace. By S. Roy Woodall, Jr., Congressional Research Service. RS21075. (The Service, Washington, DC) December 7, 2001. 6 p.

["Insurers initially reacted by promptly committing to pay the losses resulting from the September 11 terrorist attacks. As to future terrorist attacks, however, the industry has made it clear that it will not be able to provide coverage without major adjustments in the terms of coverage and in underwriting standards for that coverage.... As a result, Congress is considering a temporary government-industry risk sharing program until the private marketplace can adapt to provide the needed coverage."}

[Request #S3066]

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Insurance Regulation Modernization. By Cheye Calvo, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 4. January 2002.

["States now must streamline and simplify their oversight of this valuable financial service while they continue to protect consumers or face a federal takeover and the possible loss of $10.5 billion in annual state insurance revenue.... There is concern that large states like California, Florida, New York and Pennsylvania have not streamlined producer licensing."]

[Request #S3067]

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After the Bubble: Sustaining Economic Prosperity, Bay Area Economic Profile. By Lenny Mendonca and others, McKinsey & Company. Prepared for the Bay Area Council, Bay Area Economic Forum and Association of Bay Area Governments. (The Forum, San Francisco, California) January 2002. 32 p.

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["Optimistic Report on Bay Area Economy: The report's optimism is based on a finding that Bay Area workers and businesses create wealth and produce goods and services more efficiently than their counterparts anywhere else. 'The Bay Area remains the most productive economy in the nation,' the study maintains." San Francisco Chronicle (January 7, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S3068]

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Dispelling the Myth in California: Preliminary Findings from a State and Nationwide Analysis of “High-Flying” Schools. By Russlyn Ali and Craig D. Jerald, Education Trust West. (The Trust, Oakland, California) December 2001. 28 p.

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["According to the study, there are 512 poor and minority schools across the state, including 40 in the San Fernando Valley and Ventura County, that perform in the upper-third, undeterred by what the so-called experts would write off as bad demographics. What separates the over-achievers from the bottom dwellers? High standards." Los Angeles Daily News (December 16, 2001) 1.]

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"Quality Counts 2002: Building Blocks for Success." IN: Education Week on the Web. (January 10, 2002.) p. 1+.

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["[The report] examines what states are doing to provide early-learning experiences for young children, to ensure that those experiences are of high quality, to prepare and pay early-childhood educators adequately; and to measure the results of early childhood programs. The report also examines states' commitment to kindergarten, the transition point into the formal public education system."]

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Special Analysis: Potential Impact of [Elementary and Secondary Education Act] ESEA Conference Authorizations on States. By the Federal Funds Information for States. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 13, 2001. 6 p.

["This special analysis offers 50-state breakdowns of Title I programs and Teacher Quality grants.... Actual funding levels for these programs will not be known until the Labor-HHS-Education appropriation bill is completed."]

[Request #S3071]

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Career Academy Programs in California: Outcomes and Implementation. By Nan Maxwell and Victor Rubin, California Policy Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. CPRC Report. (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2001. 22 p.

[“After nine years of research and observation of school-to-career programs … we sought to answer a number of questions related to the ways career academies can reform urban high schools to increase education and workplace knowledge and skills.... We examined high school transcripts, administered post-high-school surveys to several thousand students, and undertook site visits to academies, schools, and district offices.” CPRC Brief (December 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3072]

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The Economic Benefits of International Education to the United States of America: A Statistical Analysis. By NAFSA: Association of International Educators. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2001. Various pagings.

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["Educating international students has become an $11 billion to $13 billion industry in the United States. According to the Institute for International Education statistics, California and New York earned $1.6 billion and $1.3 billion respectively from foreign students in 2000, followed by Massachusetts ($804 million) and Texas ($614 million)." Insight on the News (November 10, 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3073]

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Open Doors on the Web: International Students 2001. International Scholars 2001. Intensive English Programs 2001. U.S. Study Abroad. And The Individual Student Survey. By the Institute of International Education. (The Institute, New York, New York) 2001. Various pagings; Tables.

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["A total of 547,867 foreign students are enrolled ... in accredited U.S. colleges and universities, according to the 2001 annual 'Open Doors' survey of higher-education statistics.... States with the most international students include: California (74,281 students); New York (58,286); Texas (37,735); and Massachusetts (29,395). Insight on the News (December 10, 2001) 1."]

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Teaching and California’s Future: The Status of the Teaching Profession 2001. By Patrick M. Shields, SRI International. Prepared for the Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning. (The Center, Santa Cruz, California) December 2001. 197 p.

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["The teacher survey focused on teachers' preparation, job search, induction, workplace support, professional development. and compensation.... To complement the statewide data gathered through the statewide surveys, SRI International conducted in-depth case studies of eight local systems of teacher development."]

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Endangered Species: Difficult Choices. By Eugene H. Buck and others, Congressional Research Service. IB10072. (The Service, Washington, DC) December 6, 2001. 19 p.

["The 107th Congress may consider whether to reauthorize and amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have focused on whether to incorporate further protection for property owners and reduce regulatory impacts, or whether to increase the protection afforded listed species.... Initial hearings have been held by House and Senate committees, and additional hearings are anticipated due to strong constituent interest."]

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Nation of Poisons. By David Corn. IN: OnEarth, vol. 23, no. 4 (Winter 2002) pp. 24-28.

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["The terrorist attacks raised the threat of environmental toxics in a new and terrifying form.... It was easy to envision acts of terrorism targeting ... nuclear reactors, chemical plants, oil refineries -- acts that could transform industries based on toxic substances into instruments of death.... Technologies long challenged by environmental advocates are potential sources of immense danger in an era of terrorism."]

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The North American Mosaic: A State of the Environment Report. By the Secretariat of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. (The Commission, Montreal, Canada) January 2002. 100 p.

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[" The amount of land in North America protected from development tripled over the past three decades, yet pollution, hunting and loss of habitat still threaten at least 235 plants and animals, a new study by the United States, Canada and Mexico says... The study was required under the North American Free Trade Agreement's environmental accord and provides the first government-backed snapshot of the overall status of the continent's ecology. It was submitted to the three nations' top environmental officials." San Francisco Chronicle (January 7, 2002) A3.]

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"Issuance of Nationwide Permits; Final Notice." By The Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army. IN: Federal Register, vol. 67, no. 10 (January 15, 2002) pp. 2020-2095.

["The Bush administration weakened federal protections for wetlands, making it easier for developers to build on land where streams flow part of the year. This was one of several changes the Army Corps of Engineers made to wetland regulations that specify when developers can seek 'nationwide permits,' which are shortcuts that enable them to begin their projects more quickly and with fewer restrictions ... Corps officials in Washington and Los Angeles said new rules represent a limited shift and that the agency is committed to protecting the health of the nation's waterways and wetlands." Los Angeles Times (January 15, 2002) A16.]

[Request #S3079]

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"Torn from the Land [Series]: Probe: Blacks Stripped of Their Land." "Landownership Puts Blacks at Risk." And "Black Families Still Losing Land." By Todd Lewan and others, Associated Press. IN: Stockton Record (December 2-3, 9) A7+.

["By the end of the 1960s, civil rights legislation and social change had curbed the intimidation and violence that had driven many black families from their land. Nevertheless, black land loss has not stopped. In fact, it has accelerated. In the last 32 years, land traders have pried an estimated 2.5 million acres from black families through a practice that is legal but that some call unscrupulous."]

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"Can Race be Erased? Coalitional Computational and Social Categorization." By Robert Kurzban and others. Center for Evolutionary Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara. IN: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 98 no. 26 pp. 15387-15392

["Their hypothesis is that racism is actually an unfortunate by-product of another phenomenon -- a tendency to assign people to 'coalition groups', and to use whatever cues are available, be they clothing, accent or skin color, to slot individuals into such groups (or 'stereotype' them, as modern usage might term it). The good news is that experiments done by the researchers suggest that such stereotypes are easily dissolved and replaced with others. Racism, in other words, can be eliminated." Economist (December 15, 2001)p. 63.]

[Request #S3081]

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"Chipping Away at the BIA: Cobell v. Norton: Generation of Trust Fund Mismanagement are Exposed as Repeated Efforts to Reform the Process Fail." By Jeff Hinkle. And "Navajo Nation V. United States: How Corporate Deal Making and Backroom Political Schemes Have Bilked the Navajo out of Millions of Dollars over the Last 16 Years." By Ben Welch. IN: American Indian Report (December 2001) pp. 12-18.

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["In two high-profile cases winding their way through the federal courts, the Bureau of Indian Affairs is charged with failing to fulfill its trust obligation to Indians. Now some are questioning whether the agency should be the trustee for Indain money and even Indain interests. American Indian Report (December 2001) 1.]

[Request #S3091]

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California Department of Corrections: Its Fiscal Practices and Internal Controls Are Inadequate to Ensure Fiscal Responsibility. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2001-108. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) November 2001. 82 p.

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["This report concludes that the department's fiscal practices and internal controls are inadequate to protect the best interests of the state. Its poor fiscal practices may have contributed to the significant budget shortfalls that the department has incurred over the past four years."]

[Request #S3082]

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Technology, Trade and Commerce Agency: Its Strategic Planning Is Fragmented and Incomplete, and Its International Division Needs to Better Coordinate With Other Entities, but Its Economic Development Division Customers Generally Are Satisfied. By California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 2001. 74 p.

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["Because the agency has not formulated a comprehensive long-range plan that targets specific goals, it may be missing opportunities and wasting taxpayer money, the audit suggests. 'Without adequate strategic planning, the agency lacks an effective way to demonstrate that it is wisely using the more than $200 million spent on its programs each year,' the audit says...In a written response, Secretary Lon Hatamiya defended the agency's work and boasted of its recent successes. He also took issue with some of the auditor's recommendations, saying that a one-size-fits-all planning approach wouldn't work for the agency, which needs to constantly adapt to changing circumstances." Sacramento Bee (December 14, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S3083]

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Spending Cuts Preferred Over Tax Increases to Resolve State Budget Deficit; Low Confidence in Governor and Legislature to Resolve Deficit Properly, Similar to Public Sentiment in 1993. By Mark DiCamillo and Mervin Field. The Field Poll. Release #2020. (The Field Institute, San Francisco, California) December 28, 2001. 3 p.

["With another state budget shortfall looming, Californians want officials to slash spending rather than raise taxes, but there is little agreement on what programs to reduce.... More than 60 percent - including 56 percent of Democrats - believe their taxes already are somewhat or much too high." Sacramento Bee (December 28, 2001) A3.]

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Californians and Their Government: Statewide Survey. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) December 2001. 37 p.

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["A poll ... found that more than one in three residents were at least somewhat worried that they or someone in their family would be the victim of a terrorist attack. Seven in 10 said they felt more patriotic.... 'For Californians' says Mark Baldassare ... 'something that occurred on the other side of the continent that affected profoundly not only how they feel about their own safety but how they feel about their lives, their government, [and] the people around them.']

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State of California: Financial Report: Year Ended June 30, 2001. By the Bureau of State Audits, California State Auditor. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 31, 2001. 110 p.

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["The financial statements show that the State's General Fund had revenues and other financing sources that were approximately $789 million less than expenditures and other financial uses. The General Fund ended the fiscal year with a fund balance of approximately $7.6 billion."]

[Request #S3086]

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Competitive Grants. By The Federal Funds Information for States. Competitive Grant. Update 01-12. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 19, 2001. 9 p.

[Includes: "Department of Commerce Coastal Ocean Program;" "Technology Opportunities Program;" "Department of Education Short-Term Training Grants;" "Charter Schools Facilities Financing Demonstration Program;" "Department of Health and Human Services Grants for Addiction Technology Transfer Centers;" and others.]

[Request #S3087]

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Amy Stanley v. California State Lottery Commission. Sacramento County Superior Court. 00AS05463. First Amended Complaint. Defendant's Reply. And Plaintiff's Trial Brief. May 17, 2001 to January 3, 2002. Various pagings. Letter to Californians. By Joan Wilson, Chief Executive Officer, California Lottery. (The Lottery, Sacramento, California) December 24, 2001. 1 p.

["The top California Lottery official apologized for selling game tickets after the big prizes had been claimed and announced a special $1-million 'second-chance' drawing for anyone with tickets from past or current games ... The lottery conceded in written statements to The Times and in a Sacramento lawsuit that in 11 of 137 Scratchers games over the last five years, as many as 5% of the tickets were available for sale after the top prizes had been claimed." Los Angeles Times (December 28, 2001) A1.]

[Request #S3088]

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California Governor's Budget: 2002-03. By the California Department of Finance. (The Department, Sacramento, California) January 2002. Various pagings.

["Governor Gray Davis, faced with shrinking tax revenue after three years of surpluses, proposed a $100 billion hard-times budget that he said protects education and other 'vital services' and does not raise taxes. The governor's plan closes a $12.5 billion budget gap without making deep cuts by using a variety of strategies -- internal borrowing, delayed spending and a $2.4 billion bond paid for by future tobacco settlement money. It also anticipates $1 billion in new federal funds. Spending cuts, totaling $5.2 billion, close less than half of the budget gap and are split almost evenly between the current fiscal year and the budget proposed for the new fiscal year beginning July 1." San Diego Union (January 11, 2002) A1. Budget Highlights. 119 p. Request #S4015 Budget Summary 275 p. Request #S3089.]

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2002-03: Overview of the Governor's Budget. By Elizabeth G. Hill, Legislative Analyst's Office (The Office, Sacramento, California) January 15, 2002. 14 p.

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["In an ominous sign that Gov. Gray Davis' $100 billion proposed budget is certain to be overhauled, a top fiscal analyst said the governor's spending plan is "overly optimistic" and would at its best set the state up for a $4 billion deficit the following year.... In February, she is scheduled to deliver a more detailed analysis that traditionally rivals the budget itself in size and scope." Contra Costa Times (January 16, 2002) xx.] SD Rebecca- I had a hard copy of this report and I put it in the entered box

[Request #S3090]

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Delivering on the Promise: Preliminary Report of Federal Agencies' Actions to Eliminate Barriers and Promote Community Integration. By the New Freedom Initiative, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Department, Washington, DC) December 21, 2001. 67 p.

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["Executive Order 13217 represents a milestone in the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act ... in its recognition that the federal government has a critical role to play in promoting community living ... its emphasis on public input and a comprehensive federal-state partnership around achieving community living for people with disabilities."]

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Prescription Drug Prices. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-280R. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 5, 2001. 10 p.

["Using a list of 17 drugs that are among the most widely prescribed to the Medicare population, we have documented prices from several sources. These included prices available from five companies that administer large drug discount card programs; five Internet pharmacies and several retail pharmacies in four different areas Washington, D.C., Chicago, Seattle, and rural Georgia."]

[Request #S3093]

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California Physical Fitness Test 2001: Report to the Governor and Legislature. By The Standard Assessment Division, California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2001. 23 p.

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["Slightly more California students are physically fit than two years ago ... more than two-thirds still cannot meet minimum standards in all six areas of fitness measured.... The 2001 results found that 77 percent of students could not meet minimum fitness standards in all six areas of the test, yet 49 percent were able to pass at least five of the six tests." San Francisco Chronicle (December 11, 2001) 1.]

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Hidden Harm: How the FDA is Ignoring the Potential Dangers of Unique Chemicals in Irradiated Food. By Mark Worth and Peter Jenkins, Public Citizen and the Center for Food Safety. (The Center, Washington, DC) December 2001. 14 p.

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["Despite a growing body of evidence that cyclobutanones could be harmful to human health, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has never publicly acknowledged conducting a formal analysis of the potential toxicity of these chemicals in foods that the agency has already legalized for irradiation.... In the interest of protecting the health of Americans ... Public Citizen and the Center for Food Safety are calling on the FDA to refrain from legalizing the irradiation of any additional foods until comprehensive, published, peer reviewed research is conducted."]

[Request #S3095]

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Federal Legislation Delays Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)Implementation. By The Federal funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 01-63. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 14, 2001. 2 p.

["The President is expected to sign the Administrative Simplification Compliance Act (H.R. 3323), which extends until October 16, 2003, the deadline for compliance with certain provisions of the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The delay would be contingent on submission of plans to the federal government explaining the reasons for delayed implementation and expected strategies for meeting the new deadline.]

[Request #S3096]

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Affordable Housing and Growth Management. By Cathy Atkins and Larry Morandi, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 6. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 2p.

["Increasing housing demand can lead to higher costs and suburban sprawl.... Growth management policies that encourage compact development can reduce housing costs.... Urban infill incentives, inclusionary zoning and density bonuses can increase housing choices.... Legislation that requires an affordable housing component in local plans can help moderate housing cost increases."]

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Expanding Affordable Housing Through Inclusionary Zoning: Lessons from the Washington Metropolitan Area. By Karen Destoral Brown, Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. Discussion Paper. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2001. 42 p.

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["Affordable Housing Efforts Fall Behind; Need Outpaces Local Projects, Study Says: The study focused on the three programs in the Washington area that mix incentives and mandates for local developers to build affordable housing. Under the programs, developers must sell a percentage of their homes at below-market prices." Washington Post (October 20, 2001) B1.]

[Request #S3098]

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Predatory Lending. By David Lawson, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No.1. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 2 p.

["Abusive practices in the subprime market -- known as 'predatory lending' -- have increased in the last decade.... Borrowers with few loan options or limited knowledge about personal finance have reported being saddled with loans that trap them in cycles of increasing debt and, in extreme cases, have resulted in foreclosures.... In 2001, five states enacted [antipredatory lending] laws and 22 others considered legislation

[Request #S3099]

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Speaking For America's Children: Child Advocates Identify Children's Issues and 2002 State Priorities. By National Association of Child Advocates. (The Association, Washington, DC) December 2001. 48 p.

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["Youth Initiative Priorities Readied: The report includes state-by-state profiles of children's issues, based on interviews with child advocates in 49 states.... 2002 priorities [included] reducing tobacco use among youth and improving access to health care. Other top priorities included promoting positive youth development and establishing a comprehensive system of early childhood care and education programs." Daily Oklahoman (December 18, 2001) I1.]

[Request #S4000]

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Food Stamps: Serving the Working Poor. By Lee Posey, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 2. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 2 p.

["Food stamp recipients include people of all ages. More than half are children, and nearly one-tenth are elderly. The percentage of the caseload that is working, however, has increased.... The quality control system that evaluates state performance in the program focuses on strict compliance with detailed payment accuracy requirements.... Policy options are being discussed in Washington, DC that would reduce the burden on states."]

[Request #S4001]

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Food Stamp Program Rules for the Elderly: FRAC Special Analysis. By the Food Research and Action Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2001. Various pagings.

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["[This publication lists] some examples of specific Food Stamp Program rules that apply to the elderly (people 60 years or older) that help increase the elderly's access and benefit levels.... The state agency must establish procedures that best serve households, including those with special needs, such as households with elderly or disabled members"].

[Request #S4002]

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Foster Care Fundamentals: An Overview of California’s Foster Care System. By Lisa K. Foster, California Research Bureau, California State Library. Prepared for Assembly member Darrell Steinberg. CRB-01-008. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) December 2001. 62 p.

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["This report describes California's foster care system. [It] provides a 'big picture' overview. It highlights issues and experiences of those in the system: foster children and youth, social workers, and others. The report is intended to give policymakers a working understanding of foster care in order to make informed decisions in this policy area."]

[Request #S4003]

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A Special Report on Foster Teens in Transition: Fostered or Forgotten? By the Annie E. Casey Foundation. AdvoCasey, Vol. 3, No. 2. (The Foundation, Baltimore, Maryland) Fall 2001/Winter 2002. Various pagings.

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["Research shows that no group in the United States is more predictably headed for unhappy outcomes than young people who spend their adolescence in foster care.... Homelessness among former foster teens is widespread. Academic failure is commonplace.... AdvoCasey seeks to document programs and strategies that work for families through in-depth feature stories and essays that combine hard data and human insight."]

[Request #S4004]

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Returning Home From Foster Care: What Policymakers Need to Know. By Steve Christian, National Conference of State Legislatures. NCSL State Legislative Report. Vol. 26, No. 12 (December 2001) 7 p.

["An important goal of reunification should be to connect families with long-term support from a variety of community-based sources. Policymakers can play an important role in ensuring that these supports are available to children and their families, even after the end of their involvement with the foster care system."]

[Request #S4005]

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Crossroads: New Directions in Social Policy [Updated]. By the American Public Human Services Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) January 2002. Various pagings.

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["The report ... describes current program challenges and action items that require both congressional and administrative action.... In charting future policy directions, the APHSA urges federal policymakers to examine the potential cross-program implications. Funding streams should be flexible in order to achieve program outcomes, inspire state innovation, and leverage scarce program resources."]

[Request #S4006]

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"Enforcing the Standards Of the GATT/WTO In Challenges to State Taxes." By Katie R. Aune. IN: State Tax Notes, (December 24, 2001) pp. 1015-1020.

["To a certain extent, the states received much of what they requested when Congress passed the Uruguay Round Implementation Act late in 1994, giving force in United States domestic law to the GATT 1994..... In contrast to the state of law prior to 1994, the act prohibits actions by private parties to challenge state laws on the ground that such law violates GATT."]

[Request #S4007]

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North American Free Trade Agreement: Coordinated Operational Plan Needed to Ensure Mexican Trucks' Compliance With U.S. Standards. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-238. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 2001. 40 p.

["Mexico has participated in NAFTA-related efforts to make motor carrier safety regulations compatible across the three member nations.... This report contains a recommendation that DOT develop and implement a coordinated operational plan for truck safety at the southwest border. This plan should include reaching agreements with the border states and other federal agencies on space, staffing, day-to-day operations, and a timetable for when these actions will occur."]

[Request #S4008]

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The Costs and Benefits of Investing in Homeland Security: A Reading List. By The Century Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, DC and New York, New York) [January 2002]. Various pagings.

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["Spending on homeland security must compete for funding with all the other items in federal, state, and local budgets.... To decide how much and what sort of homeland security measures to support, we need to know what the costs are of reducing terrorism, weighed against the costs of terrorism. The links ... are organized to help clarify these choices. We divide the costs of homeland security into direct and indirect components.]

[Request #S4009]

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Learning From our Past: 1987 Speech by Justice Brennan Helps Frame Civil Liberty Concerns in Light of 9/11 Attack. By E. Joshua Rosenkranz, President, Brennan Center for Justice. And The Quest to Develop of Jurisprudence of Civil Liberties in Times of Security Crises. By William J. Brennan, Jr. (Brennan Center for Justice, New York, New York) 2001. 11 p.

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[“We are distributing Justice Brennan's speech because we believe it will be an asset for government leaders, judges, journalists, scholars, and other policy makers at this difficult time in the life of our nation. In these pages you will find a concise history of our nation's balance between civil liberties and security during times of national crises: the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798; President Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus; Espionage Act prosecutions of anti-war statements during World War I; the internment of American citizens of Japanese descent during World War II; and the Cold War Communist scare. Our historical record in dealing with this challenge has been decidedly undistinguished.”]

[Request #S4010]

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The High Cost of Bad Roads: Conditions, Travel Trends and Funding Needs for California’s State and Local Roads. By TRIP, The Road Information Program. Prepared for Transportation California. (The Program, Washington, DC) December 2001. 24 p.

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["Road Repair In A Rut; Industry Report Ranks California First in Deterioration, Last in Repairs: California now ranks first in the nation for crumbling and congested highways, that cost each driver an extra $558 a year in car repairs.... Of the 168,000 miles of major roads in California, 37 percent were in poor condition -- marked with large potholes, ruts and cracks. Mediocre roads in need of extensive repair accounted for an additional 35 percent." Daily News of Los Angeles (December 28, 2001) N1.]

[Request #S4011]

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2002 Interregional Transportation Improvement Program (ITIP), Statewide Proposed Project Listing. By California Department of Transportation. (The Department, Sacramento, California) December 17, 2001. 17 p.

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["The Davis administration outlined plans to spend $892 million from the federal government to ease traffic congestion across the state, including $260 million earmarked for Southern California projects... The money is raised from truck weight fees and certain state and federal gasoline taxes, among other sources.... A little less than half of the 109 projects tagged for funding in the 2002 plan are new; the rest are existing projects for which Davis has proposed additional money." Los Angeles Times (December 18, 2001) B7.]

[Request #S4012]

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Draft: 2001 Regional Transportation Plan for the San Francisco Bay Area. By Metropolitan Transportation Commission. (The Commission, Oakland, California) August 2001. Various pagings.

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["With support from even its usual critics, the Bay Area's transportation planning agency approved an $87.4 billion, 25-year spending plan that devotes 68 percent to public transit...The plan details how the Bay Area plans to spend state, federal and local transportation money it expects to receive. In some cases, transportation officials will have to lobby for additional funds before they can begin construction." San Francisco Chronicle (December 20, 2001) A19.]

[Request #S4013]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. By Mike Schmoker, Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development. (The Association, Alexandria, Virginia) 2001.

[“These components both constitute and perpetuate a focus on results. Although they do not fully account for every improvement described here, collaboration, data collection, and goal-setting unlock and foster the emergence of a host of improvement ideas and the implementation of the best 'proven' programs and initiatives.”]

[Request #S4014]

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