Subject: Studies in the News 02-7


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material ECONOMY AND SOCIETY
   Child care industry
   Financing child care facilities
EDUCATION
   After-school care accountability
   Literacy skills assessment
   Social competence in inclusive classrooms
   State home visiting policies and programs
   Education for four-year olds
   Reading and early literacy
   Early language skills and literacy
   Helping children learn math
HEALTH
   Asthma care for children
   Child and adolescent mental health
   Improving birth outcomes
   Low-weight babies' outcomes
   Eating disorder patterns
HUMAN SERVICES
   Effects of early childbearing on schooling
   Fragile families and welfare reform
STUDIES TO COME
   Crucial problems in child care industry
   Community bilingual programs
   School and family connections
   State child care assistance policies
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

INDUSTRY

A Methodology Guide: Creating an Economic Impact Report for the Child Care Industry. by National Economic Development and Law Center (The Center, Oakland, CA) 2001. 33 p.

["Includes: "Measuring the Demand for Child Care in Your County;" "Measuring the Supply of Child Care in Your County;" "The Impact of Child Care on the Local Economy." Note: A Methodology Guide ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4126]

Return to the Table of Contents

A Resource Guide: Financing Child Care Facilities Development in California. By the National Economic Development and Law Center. (The Center, Oakland, California) 2001. 70 p.

["This guide offers providers and advocates a sampling of financial resources for center- and family- based facilities development needs. It also provides technical assistance resources, background information on financial institutions and programs, and tips on maneuvering through the loan application process." Note: A Resource Guide ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4127]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION

ASSESSMENT

Accountability for After-School Care: Devising Standards and Measuring Adherence to Them. By Megan Beckett, Angela Hawken and Alison Jacknowitz. (RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 105 p.

Full Text at: http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1411/

["This report summarizes RAND's effort to gauge the effectiveness of Stone Soup Child Care Programs, a nonprofit organization that administers school-based after-school care to children throughout California." Note: Accountability ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4128]

Return to the Table of Contents

"Using Authentic Assessments To Document the Emerging Literacy Skills of Young Children." By Nancy J. Ratcliff, Department Childhood Education, University of South Florida, Tampa. IN: Childhood Education, vol. 78, no. 2 (Winter 2001/02) pp. 66-69.

["There are many types of authentic or performance assessments a teacher could use to document the skills being demonstrated in the classroom: checklists, anecdotal notes, videotapes, and work samples.... Using authentic assessment strategies to document children's emerging literacy skills is time consuming ... yet is a better reflection of student understanding than grades."]

[Request #S4129]

Return to the Table of Contents

DISABILITIES

"Developing Social Competence in the Inclusive Primary Classroom." By Lauren O. McCay and Denis W. Keyes, Early Childhood and Elementary Education, University of Montevallo, Montevallo, Alabama. IN: Childhood Education, vol. 78, no. 2 (Winter 2001/02) pp.70-78.

["The purpose of this article is to help early elementary educators understand and promote social interactions and social competence in inclusive settings, specifically those that include students with learning disabilities, and mild to moderate levels of mental retardation."]

[Request #S4130]

Return to the Table of Contents

EARLY EDUCATION

No Place Like Home: State Home Visiting Policies and Programs. By Kay A. Johnson, Johnson Group Consulting. Prepared for Healthy Steps for Young Children, Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) 2001. 72 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/child//johnson_home_452.pdf

["This report summarizes the results of a survey of states regarding home visiting activities. It also includes, in an appendix, in-depth analyses of selected state programs and approaches.... The study did not intend to evaluate program effectiveness, but rather to assess the direction of state policies and programs through a nationwide examination of state-based home visiting programs targeting low-income families with young children."]

[Request #S4131]

Return to the Table of Contents

Education for Four-Year-Olds: State Initiatives: California and Ohio. By James J. Gallagher and others, National Center for Early Development and Learning (The Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina) 2001. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.fpg.unc.edu/~ncedl/PDFs/TR2Sup.pdf

["Informants in each state [Ohio and California] familiar with the program development and implementation were asked to identify key facilitators and barriers that affected the prekindergarten policy in their state.... Documents relating to the policy development and implementation were collected and made part of the review .... the report concludes with a consensus view of major facilitators and barriers."]

[Request #S4132]

Return to the Table of Contents

LITERACY

Reading and Early Literacy. By Michael Regalado and others. Prepared for the California Policy Research Center, University of California. Policy Brief No. 11. (The Center, Berkeley, California) [2001]. 4 p.

Full Text at: http://www.ucop.edu/cprc/regalado11.pdf

["There is substantial evidence that attaining literacy in the early school years is closely tied to the quality of preparatory literacy related experiences and language development in early childhood.... This summary reviews opportunities and strategies to develop integrated programs to promote children's literacy readiness during the critical years before 5."]

[Request #S4133]

Return to the Table of Contents

Beginning Literacy with Language. Edited by David K. Dickinson and Patton O. Tabors. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Baltimore, Md) 2001. 409 p.

["The material in this book is based on the findings of a research project, the Home-School Study of Language and Literacy Development. Researchers ... have collected data in the homes and preschool, elementary school, and high school classrooms of a group of children from low-income families, starting when the children were 3 years old. This book reports on the information from the preschool and kindergarten period which makes crucial contributions in preparing children for their later literacy achievement." Note: Beginning Literacy ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4134]

Return to the Table of Contents

MATHEMATICS

Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics. Edited by Jeremy Kilpatrick and others. (National Academy Press, Washington, D C) 2001. 454 p.

Full Text at: www.nap.edu/catalog/9822.html

["The Committee on Mathematics Learning was established by the National Research Council.... and given the following charge: To synthesize the rich and diverse research on pre-kindergarten through eighth grade mathematics learning; To provide research based recommendations for teaching ... [and] To give advice and guidance to educators, researchers, publishers, policy makers and parents." Note: Adding It Up ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4135]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

CHILDREN

Asthma Care for Children: Financing Issues: A CHCS Chartbook. By Laura Summer, Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc. (The Center, Lawrenceville, New Jersey) 2001. 33 p.

Full Text at: www.chcs.org/programs/pdf/AsthmaChartbook.pdf

["This chartbook identifies the population of children with asthma and tracks asthma-related costs in private and publicly financed health care systems. The economic impact of pediatric asthma on families and the health care system is illustrated through data comparing the prevalence, costs, and severity of pediatric asthma in the commercial and public sectors."]

[Request #S4136]

Return to the Table of Contents

MENTAL HEALTH

Blueprint for Change: Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. By the National Advisory Mental Health Council Workgroup on Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intervention, Development, and Deployment. (The Council, Washington, DC) 2001. 175 p.

Full Text at: www.nimh.nih.gov/child/blueprin.pdf

["In the United States today, one in ten children and adolescents suffers from mental illness severe enough to result in significant functional impairment.... The workgroup was established to review research and training specifically to identify research opportunities in the development, testing, and deployment of treatment, service, and preventive interventions for children and adolescents."]

[Request #S4137]

Return to the Table of Contents

PRENATAL CARE

Toward Improving Birth Outcomes: A Best Clinical and Administrative Practices Toolkit for Medicaid Health Plans. By Margaret L. Oehlmann. Center for Health Care Strategies. (The Center, San Francisco, California) 2001. 63 p.

Full Text at: www.chcs.org/ManagedCare/birthToolkit.htm

["The Toolkit ... provides a step-by-step, practical approach for improving birth outcomes among Medicaid and SCHIP enrollees. It includes a simple process improvement model to consistently follow, strategies for identification, stratification, outreach, and intervention, including plan case studies, and communications tactics for creating change."]

[Request #S4138]

Return to the Table of Contents

RESEARCH

"Outcomes in Young Adulthood for Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants." By Maureen Hack and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 3 (January 17, 2002) pp. 149-157; Tables.

["Love Lets Preemies Do Better: Largest Study Finds They're Not Lagging As Much As Expected: The study found that premature babies lag behind their peers in IQ and educational achievement, even into their early 20s. But in the study of 242 survivors born prematurely, the gaps were not as wide as some doctors expected.... The authors speculate that the difference may be how much more engaged families are with children who are vulnerable and need more attention from the beginning." Boston Globe (January 17, 2002) A2.]

[Request #S4102]

Return to the Table of Contents

"Longitudinal Relationships Between Childhood, Adolescent, and Adult Eating Disorders." By L. A. Kotler and others. IN: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 12 pp. 1434-1440.

["This study investigates the longitudinal course of eating problems from childhood through adulthood. The following questions are answered: How stable are eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses over a 17-year interval from childhood to adulthood? Do early childhood eating problems predict the occurrence of eating disorders in adulthood? ... The presence of eating problems in early childhood or an eating disorder in adolescence confers a strong risk for an eating disorder in young adulthood."]

[Request #S4139]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

TEEN PREGNANCY

"The Effects of Early Childbearing on Schooling Over Time." By Sandra L. Hofferth and others. IN: Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 33, no. 6 (November/December 2001) pp. 259-267.

Full Text at: www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/3325901.pdf

["Data have been gathered over many years, during which political and cultural factors have changed and new methods and data have become available.... This article examines the evidence, and proposes and subsequently tests an alternative explanation -- historic change -- for the reduced effects of early childbearing identified in recent research."]

[Request #S]

Return to the Table of Contents

WELFARE REFORM

Fragile Families, Welfare Reform and Marriage. By Sara McLanahan and others, Welfare Reform and Beyond, The Brookings Institution. (The Institution, Washington DC) Policy Brief no. 10. November 2001. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/wrb/publications/pb/pb10.pdf

["This policy brief assesses 'marriage' and 'marriageability' strategies and discuss policies to promote both. Strategies for increasing father involvement and improving communication among parents who live apart are also considered."]

[Request #S4141]

Return to the Table of Contents


STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

INDUSTRY

America's Child Care Problem: The Way Out. By Barbara R. Bergmann and Suzanne W. Helburn. (Palgrave, New York, New York) 2002. 288 p.

["This book provides an in-depth look at the child care industry, identifying crucial problems such as quality of care and the high cost of even mediocre care.... The authors identify sources for change -- including stronger regulatory procedures on providers and suppliers of care -- and more government subsidies."]

[Request #S4142]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION

BILINGUAL EDUCATION

And Still We Speak… By Laurie Olsen and others. (California Tomorrow, Oakland, California) November 18, 2001.

["[The book] includes stories of schools, dual language programs, out of school programs and community efforts that illustrate what schools must be in order to embrace every child and prepare all children for the diverse and challenging interdependent global world of the 21st century."]

[Request #S4143]

Return to the Table of Contents

FAMILIES & SCHOOLS

School and Families: Creating Essential Connections for Learning. By Sandra L. Christenson and Susan M. Sheridan. Guildford Press, New York, New York. 2001. 246 p.

["Includes: "Involve parents and students in goal-setting conferences," "Involve parents and community in developing the school's mission and goals, and in setting and reviewing school policies and practices," [and] "Create time for parents and teachers to discuss goals and expectations for student performance.""]

[Request #S4144]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

A Fragile Foundation: State Child Care Assistance Policies. Children's Defense Fund. 2001. 232 pages

["A comprehensive review of state child care subsidy policies, this publication examines state policy choices such as eligibility, access to assistance, parents' contributions, provider reimbursements, how providers are paid, and how states administer their programs....[Includes] state-by-state information."]

[Request #S4145]

Return to the Table of Contents