Subject: Studies in the News 02-9 (February 9, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Families Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   Out-of-school environments
   Culturally appropriate early education
   Improving school readiness
   Criteria for readiness assessment
   School readiness program evaluation
   Early childhood professionals
   Communicating school readiness
   Social foundations of development
   Educational achievement and inequality
   State legislative investments
HEALTH
   Role models and risky health behaviors
   Secret life of the brain
   Reducing teen pregnancy
HUMAN SERVICES
   Evaluating research
   Child care funding and policy issues
   Starting Points assessment project
   Foster care childrens' health
   Kinship care
STUDIES TO COME
   After school collaboration
   Cost and quality of full day early care
   Minority students in special education
   Out-of-home child care guidelines
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

The Web of Support: Providing Safe, Nurturing, Learning Environments During Out-of-School Time. By Wendy R. Nadel, Save the Children. (Save the Children, Westport, Connecticut) 2002. 199 p.

Full Text at: www.savethechildren.org/wosokit/pdfs/chapter1.pdf

["With a focus on the out-of-school hours, as well as research into how this time can have the greatest impact on a child, Save the Children developed the Web of Support, a programmatic approach which ensures that children have consistent caring adults, safe learning environments and constructive activities during their out-of-school time.... This Guidebook offers practical ideas and shares the best practices."]

[Request #S4174]

Return to the Table of Contents

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

"Culturally Appropriate Early Childhood Education." By Bina Patel, National Conference of State Legislatures. IN: Legisbrief. vol. 10, no. 9 (February 2002) 2 p.

["Minority children comprise 98 percent of the child population growth between 1990 and 2000, according to a Kids Count report. Almost 70 percent of children enrolled in Head Start are from a non-white background.... Almost 21 percent of Head Start children do not speak English as their first language. As policymakers, researchers and educators realize the importance of a child's early years, multicultural care is becoming more pressing at the preschool level."]

[Request #S4175]

Return to the Table of Contents

Early to Rise: Improving the School Readiness of Philadelphia's Young Children. By the Improving School Readiness Project, United Way of Southeastern Pennsylvania. (The Project, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) 2001. 80 p.

Full Text at: home.uwsepa.org/media/publication_files/UWreport.pdf

["Troubled by the prospects for achievement by Philadelphia's children ... the project conducted a year-long planning process, which included original research, community engagement and extensive information gathering, resulting in a community plan for improving the school readiness of Philadelphia's youngest children."]

[Request #S4176]

Return to the Table of Contents

Instrumentation for State Readiness Assessment: Issues in Measuring Children's Early Development and Learning. By John M. Love, Mathematica Policy Research. (Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey) 2001. 19 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/assapaper.pdf

["This paper discusses the five dimensions of early learning, development, and abilities ... and includes a number of criteria for assessment such as Physical Well-Being and Motor Development, Social and Emotional Development, Approaches Toward Learning, Language Development [and] Cognition and General Knowledge."]

[Request #S4177]

Return to the Table of Contents

Points of Light: Third Year Report of the Michigan School Readiness Evaluation. By Zongping Xiang and Lawrence J. Schweinhart, High/Scope Educational Research Foundation (The Foundation, Ypsilanti, Michigan) January 23, 2002. 41 p.

Full Text at: www.highscope.org/msrp/Support/Points%20of%20Light.PDF

["At-Risk Kids Getting Help: A Michigan preschool program intended for at-risk children improves student performance not just in kindergarten but for at least five years down the road, according to a new study.... The researchers followed 596 children -- 338 within the program and 258 outside it, with similar ages and socioeconomic backgrounds -- from kindergarten through the fourth grade." Detroit Free Press (January 21, 2002) 4B.]

[Request #S4178]

Return to the Table of Contents

"Beginnings Workshop." IN: Child Care Information Exchange. January/February 2002.

[Includes: "Early Childhood Education as an Emerging Profession: On going Conversations;" "Voices in Search of Cultural Continuity in Communities;" "Early Childhood Professionals: Current Status and Projected Needs;" "Early Childhood Professionals: Current Status and Projected Needs;" and others."]

[Request #S4179]

Return to the Table of Contents

Building Strong Ready To Learn Outreach. By Cheri Vogal, and others, Mathematica Policy Research. Prepared for the Public Broadcasting Service. MPR Reference No. 8778-701. (Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey) 2001. 67 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/buildstrong.pdf

["The Public Broadcasting Service contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to evaluate the Ready to Learn television series.... The report summarizes findings from two sources: The first of a planned series of five annual Ready To Learn coordinator surveys, and a study of the 2001 Ready To Learn Professional Development Seminar."]

[Request #S4180]

Return to the Table of Contents

ELEMENTARY & SECONDARY

The Social Context of Cognitive Development. By Mary Gauvain. (Gulford Press, New York, New York) 2001. 250 p.

["This book integrates cross-cultural and cognitive developmental research by discussing how children learn, remember, and solve problems in their everyday activities. Includes: "The Social Cultural Context of Cognitive Development;" "Remembering: The Social Construction of the Past;" "Solving and Learning to Solve Problems in Social Context;" and others. NOTE: The Social Context ... is available for 3-day loan."]

[Request #S4181]

Return to the Table of Contents

ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Educational Achievement and Black-White Inequality: Statistical Analysis Report. By Jonathan Jacobson, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. and others. Prepared for the National Center for Educational Statistics. Statistical Analysis Report NCES 2001-061. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2001. 120 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2001/2001061.PDF

["The study explores the relationship between black-white differences in educational achievement and black-white differences in a variety of educational and economic outcomes. Comparisons were made, first between overall average outcomes for blacks and whites and then between average outcomes for blacks and whites with similar levels of prior educational achievement."]

[Request #S4182]

Return to the Table of Contents

SCHOOL GOVERNANCE

State Legislative Investments in School-Age Children and Youth. By Barbara Hanson Langford, The Finance Project (The Project, Washington, DC) 2001. 75 p.

Full Text at: www.financeproject.org/oststatepaper.pdf

["This paper examines the landscape of state legislative action regarding supports and services for school-age children and youth, including how programs are structured and administered ... and discusses future implications and challenges in sustaining state legislative initiatives. The paper also provides a state-by-state catalogue of statutes that provide support for school-age children and youth."]

[Request #S4183]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

ADOLESCENCE

"Role Models, Ethnic Identity, and Health Risk Behaviors in Urban Adolescents." By Antronette K. Yancey and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 156, no. 1. (January 2002) pp.55-61.

["The assumption that role models or mentors constructively influence adolescent psychological functioning has prompted societal investment in mentoring programs.... Having a role model, particularly an individual known to the adolescent, was associated with higher self-esteem and higher grades."]

[Request #S4184]

Return to the Table of Contents

BRAIN

Secret Life of The Brain. By Richard Restak. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC). 2001. 224 p.

Full Text at: www.nap.edu/catalog/10112.html

["Equal parts fragile and tenacious, development continues unabated across the entire life span through five specific stages. [The book] explores the five stages of the brain in detail.... Illustrated, the many mysteries of the brain are explored from infancy to old age. Note: Secret Life ... is available for 3-day loan."]

[Request #S4185]

Return to the Table of Contents

TEEN PREGNANCY

What Can Be Done to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Out-of-Wedlock Births? By Isabel Sawhill, Brookings Institution. Welfare Reform and Beyond Brief #8. (The Institution, Washington, DC) 2001. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.brook.edu/wrb/publications/pb/pb08.pdf

["Teen pregnancy and birthrates have declined during the 1990s.... Congress ... should build on this success by providing additional funds for teen pregnancy prevention efforts while maintaining the emphasis on work and child support enforcement. The evidence suggests that this emphasis, rather than any of the more specific provisions of the law, is the reason for recent progress in reducing unwed childbearing."]

[Request #S4186]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

ADVOCACY FOR CHILDREN

Understanding Research: Top Ten Tips for Advocates and Policymakers. By Stephanie A. Schaefer. National Association of Child Advocates (The Association, Washington DC) January 2002. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.childadvocacy.org/publicat.html

["Research is an important tool because it allows us to assess the effectiveness of the wide array of policies and programs affecting the lives of children and families. Having research evidence to recommend or refute specific policy choices is especially relevant in this era of increased demand for accountability in human services and government.... [Included] are several tips that can help evaluate research."]

[Request #S4187]

Return to the Table of Contents

CHILD CARE

"Child Care Funding and Policy Issues." By Jan Kaplan. IN: TANF Reauthorization Notes, vol. 2, no. 1 (January 2002) Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.welfareinfo.org/childcarefundingpolicyissues_trn.htm

["Congress will need to address child care funding and policy issues when it considers the reauthorization of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund.... Potential increases in welfare caseloads resulting from an economic downturn will reinforce the critical role that child care plays in employment training and job-readiness programs for welfare recipients."]

[Request #S4188]

Return to the Table of Contents

FAMILIES

Learning from Starting Points: Findings from the Starting Points Assessment Project. By Jane Knitzer and Fida Adely, National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University. (The Center, New York, New York) 2001. Various pagings.

["The report provides a systematic analysis of an initiative that began in 1995 to foster the well-being of very young children and their families by promoting responsible parenting, ensuring good health and protection, guaranteeing child care choices, and mobilizing communities to support young children and their families."]

[Request #S3053]

Return to the Table of Contents

FOSTER CARE

Improving the Odds for the Healthy Development of Young Children in Foster Care. By Sheryl Dicker and others, National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University (The Center, New York, NY) 2001. 28 p.

Full Text at: cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/nccp/ProEmoPP2.html

["The authors look at the many challenges young children in foster care face and how to ensure the healthy development children in or at risk of foster care placement. The report reveals what child welfare agencies, courts, and other partners can do to improve the physical, developmental, and emotional health of young children in foster care."]

[Request #S4189]

Return to the Table of Contents

Kinship Care: An Evolving Service Delivery Option. By Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 24, Nos. 1/2 (January/February 2002) Entire issue.

["Includes: "Kin and Non-Kin Foster Care -- Findings from a National Survey;" "The Evolution of Federal and State Policies for Assessing and Supporting Kinship Caregivers;" "African American Extended Families and Kinship Care: How relevant is the foster care model for kinship care?" "The Gift of Kinship Foster Care;" "Foster Parent and Teacher Assessments of Youth in Kinship and Non-Kinship Foster Care Placements: Are Behaviors Perceived Differently Across Settings?" Note: Kinship Care ... is available for 3-day loan."]

[Request #S4191]

Return to the Table of Contents


STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

After School Collaboration: When it Works - Why it Works - a Literature Review. By National Assembly of Health and Human Service Organizations (The Assembly, Washington DC) 2001. 50 p.

["This review of after school collaboration provides practioners and policymakers with the latest information on 'what works' to make a collaboration successful."]

[Request #S4190]

Return to the Table of Contents

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

The Cost and Quality of Full Day, Year-Round Early Care and Education in Massachusetts: Preschool Classrooms. By Nancy L. Marshall and others, Wellesley Centers for Women. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Education. (The Center, Wellesley, Massachusetts) 2001. 28 p.

["Preschool Income Gap Is Found; Teaching Quality Linked to Money: In a study of 90 preschool classrooms in Massachusetts, researchers found that the quality of programs often depends on what parents are able to afford.... Education Commissioner David P. Driscoll called for a statewide financing formula -- similar to the way the state pays for K-12 public schools to even the difference between centers serving children from low- and high-income families." Boston Globe (January 20, 2002) F13.]

[Request #S4192]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION POLICY

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education. By M. Suzanne Donovan and Christopher T. Cross. National Research Council. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 350 p.

Full Text at: www.nap.edu/catalog/10128.html?onpi_newsdoc01162002

["There is substantial evidence that early identification and intervention is more effective than later identification and intervention.... Findings suggest that schools should be doing more and doing it earlier to ensure that students receive quality general education services and to reduce the number of students with pronounced achievement and behavior problems. The Committee's proposals would require policy and regulatory changes at both the federal and state levels of government."]

[Request #S4193]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care. Second Edition. By the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, and the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care. (The Academy, Elk Grove Village, Illinois) 2002. 538 p.

["The revision of standards for the second edition ... was an extensive process. The ten technical panels focused on their particular subject matter areas.... Their recommendations were merged into a single set of recommended standards and widely reviewed by representatives of all stakeholders with an interest in child care.... The final document represents a consensus of the various disciplines involved with child care."]

[Request #S4194]

Return to the Table of Contents