Subject: Studies in the News 02-17, (March 8, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News:
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Children and domestic violence
ECONOMY AND SOCIETY
   Crucial child care industry problems
   News coverage of children's issues
   Handbook of children and the media
   Campaign against alcohol advertising
EDUCATION
   Out-of-school environments
   After-school collaboration review
   Evaluating after-school care
   International early childhood settings
   Cost and quality of comprehensive early care
   Quality preschool in Illinois
   Early childhood inclusion
   Restructuring school programs
HEALTH
   Birth defects tracking
   First five years
   Politics of smoking and pregnancy
HUMAN SERVICES
   Evaluating research
   Child care funding and policy issues
   Child care and welfare policy
   California child care recommendations
   Economic security and children's well-being
   Kinship care
   Evolving family policies
   Teen pregnancy link to critical issues
   Public views on welfare reform and children
   Welfare reform effects on children
   Characteristics of families remaining on welfare
   New Jersey welfare clients
   Children and welfare reform
   Effects of depression
STUDIES TO COME
   Translating knowledge into policy
   Early identification and intervention
   State child care subsidy policies
   Out-of-home child care guidelines
   California child care portfolio
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence: Is It Child Abuse? By Steve Christian, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 1 (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 9 p.

["Some policymakers are considering whether to treat exposure to domestic violence as child maltreatment and to require that such exposure be reported to and investigated by child welfare authorities. This report reviews what states have done, summarizes arguments on both sides, reviews some alternative policy approaches, and identifies some key issues for legislators."]

[Request #S4250]

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ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

INDUSTRY

America's Child Care Problem: The Way Out. By Barbara R. Bergmann and Suzanne W. Helburn. (Palgrave, New York, New York) 2002. 288 p.

["This book provides an in-depth look at the child care industry, identifying crucial problems such as quality of care and the high cost of even mediocre care.... The authors identify sources for change -- including stronger regulatory procedures on providers and suppliers of care -- and more government subsidies." NOTE: America's ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4142]

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MEDIA

Coverage in Context: How Thoroughly the News Media Report Five Key Children's Issues. By Dale Kunkel and others, Casey Journalism Center on Children and Families, Philip Merrill College of Journalism, University of Maryland (The Center, College Park, Maryland). February 2002. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.casey.umd.edu/casey/web/Filesnsf.nsf/Lookup/FullReport2/$file/FullReport2.pdf

["According to this study, quick-hit stories of crime and violence are reported with little context, dominating news reports about children .... Over a three-month period, more than 90 percent of newspaper and TV stories about children focused on youth crime and violence or abuse and neglect.... While stories on child health and teen childbearing provided the most data and perspective, such stories were rarely told."]

[Request #S4353]

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Handbook of Children and the Media. Edited by Dorothy G. Singer and Jerome L. Singer. (Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, California) 2001. 750 p.

["This publication brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers to analyze various aspects of the effects of the media on children. While much of this book is devoted to the effects of the electronic media, some discussion is also given to the print media." Family Matters (Autumn 2001) 84. NOTE: Handbook ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4465]

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Television Advertising and Alcohol: A Dangerous Cocktail for Our Children: Press Release. By the Office of Alcohol and other Drug Abuse, American Medical Association. And AMA to NBC: Liquor Ads Are Irresponsible: Full Statement. By J. Edward Hill, AMA Chair Elect. (The Association, Chicago, Illinois) February 11, 2002.

["'We see the impact of alcohol advertising permeating popular culture in one statistic: the average age of first drink in America is 12. Having dropped nearly four years in one generation, this trend indicates that large numbers of children aged 8, 9 and 10 years regularly experiment with alcohol,' said "Richard Yoast, Director of the Office." AScribe Newswire (February 11, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4478]

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EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

The Web of Support: Providing Safe, Nurturing, Learning Environments During Out-of-School Time. By Wendy R. Nadel, Save the Children. (Save the Children, Westport, Connecticut) 2002. 199 p.

Full Text at: www.savethechildren.org/wosokit/pdfs/chapter1.pdf

["With a focus on the out-of-school hours, as well as research into how this time can have the greatest impact on a child, Save the Children developed the Web of Support, a programmatic approach which ensures that children have consistent caring adults, safe learning environments and constructive activities during their out-of-school time.... This Guidebook offers practical ideas and shares the best practices."]

[Request #S4174]

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After School Collaboration: When it Works--Why it Works--A Literature Review. By National Assembly of Health and Human Service Organizations. (The Assembly, Washington DC) 2001. 50 p.

["This review of after school collaboration provides practioners and policymakers with the latest information on 'what works' to make a collaboration successful."]

[Request #S4190]

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Evaluating After-School Care. Labor and Population Program. RAND Research Brief (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.rand.org/publications/RB/RB2505

["More and more children with mothers who work outside the home are participating in after-school programs, and increased federal and state funding suggest that the number of such programs will continue to grow in the coming years."]

[Request #S4479]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Settings in 15 Countries: What are Their Structural Characteristics? Edited by P. Olmsted and J. Montie. (High/Scope Press, Ypsilanti, Michigan) 2001. 392 p.

["This book provides an overview of the structural characteristics of typical preprimary programs in 15 countries through a survey on management policies, patterns of operation, physical characteristics, support services, and teacher characteristics. It includes numerous tables and graphs as well as photos from each of the 15 countries involved." NOTE: Early Childhood Settings ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4025]

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The Cost and Quality of Full Day, Year-Round Early Care and Education in Massachusetts: Preschool Classrooms. By Nancy L. Marshall and others, Wellesley Centers for Women. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Education. (The Center, Wellesley, Massachusetts) 2001. 28 p.

["Preschool Income Gap Is Found; Teaching Quality Linked to Money: In a study of 90 preschool classrooms in Massachusetts, researchers found that the quality of programs often depends on what parents are able to afford.... Education Commissioner, David P. Driscoll, called for a statewide financing formula -- similar to the way the state pays for K-12 public schools to even the difference between centers serving children from low- and high-income families." Boston Globe (January 20, 2002) F13.]

[Request #S4192]

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Ready, Set, Grow: A Framework for Universal Access to Quality Preschool in Illinois. By the Governor's Task Force on Universal Access to Preschool. (The Task Force, Springfield, Illinois). 2002. 32 p.

Full Text at: wwww.state.il.us/learning/pdf/inside.pdf

["Experts from early education, higher education, business, and government came together and created an action plan, with input from parents and others from throughout Illinois, to provide quality preschool programs for every family that wishes to participate.... The Task Force recommends creation of an integrated early education and care system that provides families with easy access to services and helps providers maintain stable, high-quality programs."]

[Request #S4356]

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Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change. Edited by Michael J. Guralnick, University of Washington, Seattle. (Paul H. Brookes Publishing, Baltimore, Maryland). 2001. 569 p.

[Includes: "Public Policy in Early Childhood Inclusion;" "Legal Considerations of Inclusion for Infants and Toddlers and for Preschool-Age Children;" "The Origins of Young Children's Attitudes Toward Peers with Disabilities;" "Inclusive Child Care for Infants and Toddlers: A Natural Environment for All Children;" "Head Start and the Inclusion of Children with Disabilities;" and others. NOTE: Early Childhood Inclusion ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4357]

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One Million Children: Success for All. By Robert E. Slavin and Nancy A. Madden. (Corwin Press, Thousand Oaks, California) 2001. 330 p.

["Success for All and Roots & Wings are comprehensive restructuring programs for elementary schools designed around the idea that all children can learn. They are a practical, daily organizing principle for schools, especially those serving many children at risk. This book describes the programs in detail, presents the extensive research evaluating them, and discusses the implications of this research for policy and practice." NOTE: One Million ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4370]

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HEALTH

BIRTH DEFECTS

Birth Defects Tracking and Prevention: Too Many States Are Not Making the Grade. By Paul A. Locke and others, Trust for America's Health (The Trust, Baltimore, Maryland) 2002. 20 p.

Full Text at: healthyamericans.org/state/birthdefects/bdreport.pdf

["Birth Defect Tracking Lauded; State's Data Leading to Healthier Babies: California and seven other states are doing an excellent job of tracking birth defects, the leading cause of death among infants in the United States, a study concluded.... California was given an 'A' grade because it has collected data since 1983 on more than 200 conditions by reviewing records during regular visits to hospitals and laboratories throughout the state." Los Angeles Daily News (February 21, 2002) N4.]

[Request #S4470]

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BRAIN

What's Going On In There: How the Brain and Mind Develop in the First Five Years of Life. By Lise Eliot. (Bantam Books, New York, New York). 2001. 520 p.

[Includes: "Nature or Nurture? It's All in the Brain;" "How Birth Affects the Brain;" "Why Babies Love to Be Bounced: the Precocious Sense of Balance and Motion;" and others. Note: What's Going On ... is available for 3 day loan.]

[Request #S4257]

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SMOKING

Smoking and Pregnancy: The Politics of Fetal Protection. By Laury Oaks. (Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey) 2001. 266 p.

[Includes: "Confronting the Pregnant Smoker;" "Emergence of Maternal Smoking as a Public Health Problem;" "Achieving the Smoke-Free Baby: Health Education and the Problem Risk;" and others. NOTE: Smoking ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4268]

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HUMAN SERVICES

ADVOCACY FOR CHILDREN

Understanding Research: Top Ten Tips for Advocates and Policymakers. By Stephanie A. Schaefer. National Association of Child Advocates (The Association, Washington DC) January 2002. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.childadvocacy.org/publicat.html

["Research is an important tool to assess the effectiveness of the wide array of policies and programs affecting the lives of children and families. Having research evidence to recommend or refute specific policy choices is especially relevant in this era of increased demand for accountability in human services and government.... [Included] are several tips that can help evaluate research."]

[Request #S4187]

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CHILD CARE

"Child Care Funding and Policy Issues." By Jan Kaplan. IN: TANF Reauthorization Notes, vol. 2, no. 1 (January 2002) Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.welfareinfo.org/childcarefundingpolicyissues_trn.htm

["Congress will need to address child care funding and policy issues when it considers the reauthorization of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund.... Potential increases in welfare caseloads resulting from an economic downturn will reinforce the critical role that child care plays in employment training and job-readiness programs for welfare recipients."]

[Request #S4188]

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Child Care and Welfare Reform. By Gina Adams and Monica Rohacek, The Brookings Institution. Policy Brief No. 14. (The Institution, Washington DC) February 2002. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/wrb/publications/pb/pb14.pdf

["Child care is an essential part of federal and state welfare policy because it allows low-income families to move from welfare to work and to stay employed. Low-income working families that have not recently received welfare are less likely to receive child care assistance than those leaving welfare. This approach favors mothers who have been on welfare over equally poor mothers who have not. But because child care also affects children's development, policy and funding decisions ... have implications for the development and safety of millions of low-income children."]

[Request #S4476]

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Recommendations on Child Care: California Working Families Policy Summit. By Child Care Law Center (The Center, San Francisco, California) January 18, 2002. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.childcarelaw.org/working_families_summit.htm

["This report makes the following recommendations: 1) Increase access to quality child care for low income and working families; 2) Fully fund CalWORKS child care; 3) Expand access to quality child care for families facing barriers; 4) Bolster compensation and retention; 5) Expand initiatives to improve the quality of child care; and 6) Facilitate development of and increase investment in child care facilities."]

[Request #S4480]

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CHILDREN

The Child in the Family and the Community. By Janet Gonzalez-Mena. (Merrill, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey) 2002. 322 p.

[Includes: "The Child: Socialization in a Developmental Context;" "The Family: Socialization for High Self-Esteem in Healthy Families;" "Child Care: An Extension of the Family;" and others. NOTE: The Child ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4374]

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The Role of Community Development Corporations in Promoting the Well-Being of Young Children. By Jane Knitzer and Fida Adely. National Center for Children in Poverty. (The Center, New York, New York) January 2002. 24 p.

Full Text at: cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/nccp/roleCDC.pdf

["The report reviews efforts to promote healthy child development with efforts to promote family economic security in low income communities ... and profiles the issues, challenges, and opportunities Community Development Corporations across the nation face."]

[Request #S4481]

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FOSTER CARE

Kinship Care: An Evolving Service Delivery Option. IN: Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 24, nos. 1/2 (January/February 2002) pp. 1-140.

[Includes: "Kin and Non-Kin Foster Care -- Findings from a National Survey;" "The Evolution of Federal and State Policies for Assessing and Supporting Kinship Caregivers;" "African American Extended Families and Kinship Care: How relevant is the foster care model for kinship care?" "The Gift of Kinship Foster Care;" "Foster Parent and Teacher Assessments of Youth in Kinship and Non-Kinship Foster Care Placements: Are Behaviors Perceived Differently Across Settings?;" and others. Note: Kinship Care ... is available for 3-day loan."]

[Request #S4191]

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SOCIAL POLICY

Family Policy: Constructed Solutions to Family Problems. By Shirley L. Zimmerman. (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California) 2001. 421 p.

[Includes: "The Many and Changing Meanings of Family;" "The Defense of Marriage Act: The Construction of a Solution or a Problem?;" "The Institutional Framework: Family Policy as the Outcome of Institutional Arrangements;" and others. NOTE: Family Policy ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4026]

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Not Just Another Single Issue: Teen Pregnancy Prevention's Link to Other Critical Social Issues. By The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy (The Campaign, Washington, DC) February 2002. 15 p.

Full Text at: www.teenpregnancy.org/notjust.pdf

["Teen pregnancy is closely linked to a host of other critical social issues.... This paper begins by providing some general background about teen pregnancy, including why it is still a major problem, some key facts and trends, and why helping reduce rates of teen pregnancy is a good investment. This general information is followed by five fact sheets."]

[Request #S4367]

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WELFARE

Public Views on Welfare Reform and Children in the Current Economy. By Lake Snell Perry and Associates, Inc. Prepared for The Future of Children (The Future of Children, Los Altos, California) February 2002. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/lsp_welfare_survey.PDF

["Report Calls for Specific Changes in Welfare Reform to Help Children; Recommends Policies to Increase Supports for Low-Income Working Families, Improve Access to Quality Child Care, Expand Education and Training Opportunities for Parents, and Promote Greater Father Involvement: The report points out that welfare reform has fallen short of any overarching goal of helping children." AScribe Newswire (February 20, 2002) 1.]

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Welfare Policies Matter for Children and Youth: Lessons for TANF Reauthorization. By Pamela Morris and others. The Next Generation. Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation(The Corporation, New York, New York) March 2002. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/Reports2002/NG_PolicyBrief/NGPolicyBrief.pdf

["This policy brief shows how reforms targeted at parents can have important consequences for their children. Specifically, the findings demonstrate that welfare policies that aim to improve the economic security of families can benefit children and can complement school-based interventions by giving children a better start in their education. For adolescents, the results suggest that policies that increase parental employment can have negative effects on school achievement, suggesting a new reason for policymakers to spur efforts to develop more flexible child care as well as strategies that can effectively engage low-income youth and help them move successfully into adulthood."]

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The Characteristics of Families Remaining on Welfare. By Robert Moffitt and others. Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three City Study Working Paper 02-02. Johns Hopkins University (The University, Baltimore, Maryland) February 2002. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.jhu.edu/~welfare/stayers_bg.pdf

["This study finds that women remaining on TANF in 3 cities - Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio - have average employment rates of 18% and poverty rates of 85%. TANF leavers have an employment rate of 60% and a poverty rate of 70%. About 40% of stayers have less than a high school education and many suffer from depression and domestic violence (about the same for leavers.) Stayers have poorer health than leavers."]

[Request #S4482]

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Work First New Jersey Evaluation; Current and Former WFNJ Clients: How are They and Their Children Faring 40 Months Later? Final Report. By Anu Rangarajan and Amy Johnson. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey) January 17, 2002. 135 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/currentwfnj.pdf

["This report, third in a series tracking a representative sample of current and former Work First New Jersey (WFNJ) clients, focuses on how clients have progressed with respect to income and employment, as well as how they are doing in other key areas such as their knowledge of program benefits, child care arrangements, and children's well-being."]

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Welfare Reform: What About the Children? By P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and others. Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three City Study. Policy Brief 02-1. Johns Hopkins University (The University, Baltimore, Maryland) January 2002. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.jhu.edu/~welfare/19382_Welfare_jan02.pdf

["According to this study of 1,885 low-income children and their families, preschoolers and adolescents show patterns of cognitive achievement and problem behavior that should be of concern to policymakers. The children of welfare mothers are more developmentally at risk, have lower levels of cognitive achievement, and higher levels of behavior and emotional problems. Mothers' marital, educational, mental and physical health status, as well as their parenting practices, seem to account for most of the welfare group differences."]

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Symptoms of Depression Among Welfare Recipients: A Concern for Two Generations. By Surjeet K. Ahluwalia and others, Child Trends Research Brief. (Child Trends, Washington DC) December 2001. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.childtrends.org/PDF/Research%20_Brief_Depression.pdf

["The evidence presented in this Research Brief suggests that welfare recipients who are depressed may have more difficulty getting and keeping a job and that the children of mothers with symptoms of depression are likely to have more problems. Recent findings show that when welfare recipients participate in a welfare-to-work program, these symptoms can be affected, sometimes negatively."]

[Request #S4485]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Development and Learning: New Knowledge for Policy. By the National Research Council. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2001. 122 p.

Full Text at: books.nap.edu/books/NI000338/html/R8.html#pagetop

["Decades of research on the science of learning has shown that deep understanding requires both a rich foundation of factual knowledge and command of the subject's conceptual frameworks. This book includes executive summaries of five reports that, taken together, provide policy makers, educators, and parents implications for educational practice." NOTE: Early Childhood ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4466]

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EDUCATION POLICY

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education. By M. Suzanne Donovan and Christopher T. Cross. National Research Council. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 350 p.

Full Text at: www.nap.edu/catalog/10128.html?onpi_newsdoc01162002

["There is substantial evidence that early identification and intervention is more effective than later identification and intervention.... Findings suggest that schools should be doing more and doing it earlier to ensure that students receive quality general education services and to reduce the number of students with pronounced achievement and behavior problems. The Committee's proposals would require policy and regulatory changes at both the federal and state levels of government." NOTE: Minority ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4193]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

A Fragile Foundation: State Child Care Assistance Policies. Children's Defense Fund. (The Fund, Oakland, California) 2001. 232 p.

["A comprehensive review of state child care subsidy policies, this publication examines state policy choices such as eligibility, access to assistance, parents' contributions, provider reimbursements, how providers are paid, and how states administer their programs....[Includes] state-by-state information."]

[Request #S4145]

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Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care. Second Edition. By the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, and the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care. (The Academy, Elk Grove Village, Illinois) 2002. 538 p.

["The revision of standards for the second edition ... was an extensive process. The ten technical panels focused on their particular subject matter areas.... Their recommendations were merged into a single set of recommended standards and widely reviewed by representatives of all stakeholders with an interest in child care.... The final document represents a consensus of the various disciplines involved with child care."]

[Request #S4194]

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The California Child Care Portfolio. California Child Care Resource and Referral Network (The Network, San Francisco) February 2002. Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.rrnetwork.org/calchildcare/article.php?ID=624

["The Portfolio includes a compilation of California statewide and county-by-county statistics on child care. [It] includes a narrative highlighting child care supply, demand, and cost issues in the context of current policy, demographic and labor force trends." NOTE: The California ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4269]

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