Subject: Studies in the News 02-18 (March 18, 2002)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

March 22, 1852 - "Siskiyou County -- Created March 22, 1852 and named after the mountain range. The word meant 'bobtailed horse' in the Chinook Indian language, and was applied in 1828 when Alexander McLeod, factor of the Hudson Bay Company, lost a noted bobtailed race horse while crossing the mountains in a snowstorm."  The Names of California Counties  

March 23, 1852 - "Commodore John Drake Sloat was charged with selecting a viable location for the establishment of a navy yard and depot on the bay of San Francisco. Mare Island, just over 800 acres, was purchased by the United States for $83,491.... A foundry, machine shop, blacksmith shop, boiler shop, engine house, pattern house, carpenters shop and storehouses were to be built for $100,000."  Vacaville Reporter (March 31, 1996)  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Changing nature of the recession
   Cost of identity theft
   Crime fighting technology
   State crime legislation trends
   Mentally ill offenders in the justice system
   Civil rights at risk
   State legislation for native Americans
   Tribal recognition process
   Indian Trust Funds
   Smart growth pro and con
   Protective legislation for sport officials
   Mobile telecommunications sourcing act
   Cultural tourism
   Federal reserve board monetary report to Congress
   Affirmative action
   After school funds for youth serving agencies
   Market based reforms in urban education
   New American schools implementation
   Vouchers and charter schools
   Use of admissions tests by UC
   Cal Grant program
   Supreme Court upholds deregulation of electricity transmission
   Attorney General sues energy traders
   Clean energy and jobs
   Discussion of new urbanism in Palo Alto
   State by state report on growth management
   The 10 most threatened wild areas in California
   Fish and Game report on marine resources
   New runoff pollution rules
   Audit of California National Guard
   President's 2003 budget
   Competitive federal grants
   Research and development spending
   State Auditor's review of recommendations
   Review of recommendations from State Auditor
   Senate FMAP Stimulus Proposal
   HIV Impact
   Underage drinking epidemic
   Ambulatory surgical centers
   Financial health of California hospitals
   County by county Medi-Cal data
   Influenza vaccine
   Affordability of housing concerns
   Growth management and housing affordability
   Literacy programs in faith based institutions
   Family caregiver funds
   TANF proposals would limit state flexibility
   Welfare reform's immigrant provisions
   Immigrants and welfare reauthorization
   Immigrants after welfare reform
   Welfare reform's effect on children
   NAFTA panel findings on pollution in Mexico
   Forces for change in Korea
   Free trade with central America
   Emission reduction requirements
   Alcohol related traffic fatalities
   State traffic safety legislation 2001
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Language and Culture
   Regulation of transgenic plants called inadequate
   Eligible children losing health coverage
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Profile of a Recession -- The U.S. and California. By Mary Daly and Fred Furlong, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Regional Report, FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2002-04. February 22, 2002. 3 p.

Full Text at:

["This Economic Letter examines the changing profile of the recession in the U.S. and California.... The first part of the recession was marked by significant retrenchment in business investment, especially for products produced in high-technology sectors.... In the post-September 11 stage ... most of the acceleration in job losses can be traced to sectors directly affected by the decline in travel and tourism and to the paralyzing air of uncertainty affecting both consumers and businesses."]

[Request #S4486]

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Identity Theft: Available Data Indicate Growth in Prevalence and Cost. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-424T. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 14, 2002. 14 p.

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["Given indications that the prevalence and cost of identity theft have increased in recent years, most observers agree that such crime is serious and warrants continued attention from law enforcement, industry, and consumers.... A current focus for policymakers and criminal justice administrators is to ensure that relevant legislation is effectively enforced.... Moreover, there is general agreement that, in addition to investigating and prosecuting violations of these laws, a multipronged approach to combating identity theft must include prevention efforts, such as limiting access to personal information."]

[Request #S4487]

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Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Federal Support of State and Local Law Enforcement. By William Schwabe and others, Rand Science and Technology Policy Institute. MR-1349-OSTP/NIJ. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 199 p.

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["This book provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies.... These findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey."]

[Request #S4489]

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State Crime Legislation in 2001. By Donna Lyons, National Conference of State Legislatures. NCSL State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 4. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2002. 12 p.

["The power of DNA technology to convict or exonerate defendants dominated state crime legislation in 2001. State crime legislation also prominently included measures to address community supervision of offenders.... Integrating criminal justice and drug treatment through drug courts and other diversion policies was an important trend.... Much attention ... turned to how state policy can reduce vulnerability and help respond to acts of terrorism."]

[Request #S4490]

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Mentally Ill Offenders in the Criminal Justice System: An Analysis and Prescription. By The Campaign for an Effective Crime Policy, The Sentencing Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) January 2002. 22 p.

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["This report [presents] an analysis of the 'criminalization' of people with mental illness and its impact on the criminal justice system.... We offer recommendations for changes in services, policies and practices to be implemented at each stage of the justice system -- from first police contact through release from prison -- to promote better outcomes both for individuals and the community as a whole."]

[Request #S4491]

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Rights At Risk: Equality in an Age of Terrorism. Edited by Dianne M. Piché and others, Citizen’s Commission on Civil Rights. (The Commission, Washington, DC) February 2002. 360 p.

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["The report is the seventh in a series ... in which we evaluate the performance of the incumbent administration's record on civil rights. [It] contains a series of working papers, 19 of them covering a wide range of civil rights law and policy.... The central finding of this report is that there are serious threats to our well-being as a people that are going largely unnoticed and that are growing because of wrong-headed policies." Federal News Service (February 12, 2002 1.]

[Request #S4508]

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Native American Issues: 2001 State Legislation. By L. Jeanne Kaufmann, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 84 p.

["The amount of state legislation affecting Native Americans is increasing as is the awareness for the need for such legislation.... This summary of issues that state legislatures addressed in 2001 includes a list of Native American state legislators and a current list of federally and state-recognized tribes."]

[Request #S4509]

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Indian Issues: More Consistent and Timely Tribal Recognition Process Needed. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-415. (The Office, Washington DC) February 7, 2002. 11 p.

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["The recognition process is hampered by limited resources, a lack of time frames, and ineffective procedures for providing information to interested third parties, such as local municipalities and other Indian tribes... BIA officials estimate that it may take up to 15 years before all currently completed petitions are resolved."]

[Request #S4513]

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Indian Trust Funds: Tribal Account Balances. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-420T. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 7, 2002. 9 p.

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["Interior's Indian trust fund account reconciliation project was completed in January 1996.... From 1992 through 1997, we monitored and reported on various aspects of Interior's planning, execution, and reporting of results for the reconciliation project.... In summary, although Interior made a massive attempt to reconcile tribal accounts during its reconciliation project, missing records and systems limitations made a full reconciliation impossible."]

[Request #S4514]

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American Dream Boundaries: Urban Containment and Its Consequences. By Wendell Cox, Georgia Public Policy Foundation. (The Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia) 2001. And Misfiring from the Urban Moat: Response to American Dream Boundaries. By the Congress of New Urbanism. (The Congress, San Francisco, California) 2002. Various pagings.

["The Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) ... has issued a response to American Dream Boundaries.... CNU is a principal proponent of so-called 'smart growth' policies and the leading organizational advocate of 'new urbanism.'... American Dream Boundaries reviewed the analysis and found generally ... that the purported advantages had either disappeared or simply did not exist."]

Respone to American Dream Boundaries:

American Dream Boundaries:

[Request #S4494]

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Abusing Sports Officials. By Janna Goodwin, National Conference of State Legislatutes. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 18. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["At least 15 states have enacted protective legislation for sports officials.... Professional organizations primarily police themselves as to violence against sports officials.... No professional organization, however, can explicitly control fan behavior, which falls under the aegis of state and local laws on public safety, assault and battery."]

[Request #S4495]

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State Conformity to the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act. By Graham Williams. Legisbrief. Vol 10, No. 14. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["The changing nature of telecommunications is forcing policymakers at all levels to re-evaluate their tax codes. A perfect example of this new pressure is the rapid growth of wireless communication.... Congress passed the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act in 2000.... To avoid federal preemption, states must act before August 1, 2002."]

[Request #S4551]

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Cultural Tourism. By Mandy Rafool, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 13. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["Tourism is already big business and studies have shown that cultural tourists are desirable tourists.... As many communities are discovering, cultural events in rural areas and smaller communities ... often interest visitors.... The key to successful cultural tourism is collaboration, particularly between the state tourism agency and the cultural agencies."]

[Request #S4497]

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Federal Reserve Board's Semiannual Monetary Policy Report to Congress: Testimony. By Alan Greenspan, Chairman. Presented to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate. (The Board, Washington, DC) March 7, 2002. 7 p.

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["Greenspan Says Growth Has Returned: Chairman Alan Greenspan sounded his most upbeat note to date about the recovery now taking shape.... 'The recent evidence increasingly suggests that an economic expansion is already well under way, although an array of influences unique to this business cycle seems likely to moderate its speed.' the central bank chief told lawmakers." San Francisco Chronicle (March 8, 2002) B1.]

[Request #S4554]

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Affirmative Action. By the Education Commission of the States. ECS Policy Brief. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 7 p.

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["With the legal status of affirmative action in doubt in many jurisdictions, states and higher education institutions have attempted to develop new methods of supplying pools of qualified students from underrepresented groups.... These programs, which are still very much in their infancy, are both praised and criticized.... Significant barriers to equal access to higher education remain."]

[Request #S4498]

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"After-School Funds: Feds Open Door to Youth Agencies." By Andrew D. Beadle. IN: Youth Today (February 2002) pp. 40-42.

["For the first time ... youth-serving agencies including public, private and faith-based groups can apply directly to states for grants to conduct after-school programs under the 21st Century Community Learning Centers (CLC)program.... The Elementary and Secondary Education Act authorizes $1.25 billion in fiscal 2002 for the CLC program.]

[Request #S4496]

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Market-Based Reforms in Urban Education. By Helen F. Ladd, Duke University. Prepared for the Economic Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 2002. 62 p.

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["Among the many ideas for reforming urban education are those that fit loosely under the rubric of market-based reforms. They include various forms of public school choice, charter schools, voucher programs, and the use of education management organizations.... This paper uses the market framework of demand, supply, and market pricing to organize the extensive but disparate evidence on the effects of market-based reforms."]

[Request #S4552]

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Implementation in a Longitudinal Sample of New American Schools: Four Years into Scale-Up. By Sheila Nataraj Kirby and others, RAND Education. MR-1413-EDU. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 99 p.

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["This report is based on a variety of data gathered from the schools: principal and teacher surveys conducted during the 1996-1997, 1997-1998 and 1998-1999 school years, and data provided by districts on school demographic characteristics. In addition the report relies on other RAND studies that included site visits to schools and school districts to gather information about district and school administrators' and teachers' reports of the progress of the New American Schools initiative."]

[Request #S4553]

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Rhetoric Versus Reality: What We Know and What We Need to Know About Vouchers and Charter Schools. By Brian P. Gill, Rand Education, and others. MR-1118-EDU. (RAND, Santa Monica, California)

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["This book examines the evidence on the effects of vouchers and charter schools, considering five key policy goals: academic achievement, family choice, equitable access, racial/ethnic integration, and civic socialization.... The authors conclude with recommendations for future policy design."]

[Request #S4499]

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The Use of Admissions Tests by the University of California: A Discussion Paper. By the Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools. (The Board, Oakland, California) January 30, 2002. 24 p.; Appendices. Executive Summary 5 p.

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["UC Panel Wants to Scrap SAT I: A key faculty committee released a report tentatively recommending that the system scrap the SAT I and develop a standardized test more closely aligned with what students are learning in high school. The proposal was forwarded to faculty committees on each campus for extensive review." San Francisco Chronicle (January 31, 2002) A16.]

[Request #S4500]

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The New Cal Grant Program. By Paul Mitchell, Assembly Committee on Higher Education. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) January 15, 2002. 14 p.; Appendices.

["Panel Finds That The College Fund Falls Short of Expectations: A legislative analysis ... shows the state awarded 254 fewer new grants despite extensive state efforts to significantly boost the numbers of financial awards.... Bureaucratic mix-ups disqualified thousands of community college students from grants, the review shows." Sacramento Bee (January 15, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S4501]

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New York, et al. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, et al., Enron Power Marketing, Inc. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, et al. United States Supreme Court. 00-568, 00-809. March 4, 2002. Various pagings.

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["The court ruled that the federal government could order utility companies to open up their transmission lines to wholesale competitors, in effect providing a level playing field for all sellers....That could provide greater freedom to big customers who could buy power in bulk direct from the transmission grid." Sacramento Bee (March 5, 2002) D1.]

[Request #S4493]

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California v. Dynegy Inc., et al., California v. Mirant Corporation, et al., California v. Reliant Energy Inc., et al., and California v. Williams Energy Marketing and Trading, et al. San Francisco County Superior Court. CGC 02-4054-33, CGC 02-4054-29, CGC 02-4054-35, CGC 02-4054-32. Complaint for Restitution, Civil Penalties, Injunction and other Equitable and Ancillary Relief. March 11, 2002. Various pagings.

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["The California attorney general's office sued four major energy companies for $150 million, alleging that they broke contracts to provide emergency power to the state's power grid operator and instead sold the electricity on the lucrative spot market on thousands of occasions....State officials said the suits demonstrate that big energy companies began "gaming" the state's power grid operation within months of its creation." Los Angeles Times (March 12, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S4549]

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Clean Energy and Jobs: A Comprehensive Approach to Climate Change and Energy Policy. By James P. Barrett, Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Congress, and others. Prepared for The Economic Policy Institute and the Center for a Sustainable Economy. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 2002. 48 p.

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["Environmental Groups, Labor Unions Join Forces to Combat Global Warming, Protect Jobs: An unprecedented coalition of the leaders of some of the nation's largest labor unions and environmental groups ... call for dramatic action to combat global warming while protecting economic security for workers.... The coalition will embrace a study released by the Institute that sets forth a feasible plan to achieve a worker-friendly clean energy plan." U.S. Newswire (February 19, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4503]

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City of Palo Alto Zoning Ordinance Update: New Urbanism Discussion Paper. By Joel Russell, Planning Consultant and Attorney for the City of Palo Alto. Prepared for the City of Palo Alto. (The City, Palo Alto, California) January 25, 2002. 23 p.

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["The 'new urbanism' is a movement in planning and design that is gradually transforming the practice of town and city planning in the United States and around the world. The purpose of this discussion paper is to examine how new urbanism might be applied to the City of Palo Alto."]

[Request #S4492]

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Planning for Smart Growth: 2002 State of the States. Denny Johnson, American Planning Association, and others. (The Association, Washington, DC) February 2002. 148 p.

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["A new planning study puts California in the category of states that tweak old policies rather than forge new tools to shape how growth occurs.....It's not that California legislators dodge the issue....But much of what becomes law might be described as incremental at best....By contrast, the American Planning Association survey found that in 12 states, new policies are designed to give state government a direct role in steering and managing growth." San Francisco Chronicle (February 17, 2002) A5.]

[Request #S4504]

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Our Natural Heritage at Risk: California's 10 Most Threatened Wild Places. By the California Wilderness Coalition. (The Coalition, Davis, California) February 2002. 22 p.

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["Many of California's last unprotected wilderness areas are in danger from urban sprawl, desert development, logging and energy exploration, and the easing of federal environmental standards, a conservation group said in a report....Development threatens a national park, a state park, six national wildlife refuges, five designated wilderness areas and 18 potential wilderness areas totaling 800,000 acres. That could affect at least 45 threatened or endangered species including the California condor, desert tortoise, coho salmon and several species unique to California." Contra Costa Times (February 27, 2002) 1.]

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California Living Marine Resources: A Status Report. By The California Department of Fish and Game and the Sea Grant Extension Program, University of California. (The Department, Sacramento, California) December 2001. 592 p.

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["The report examines the condition of the state's commercial and recreational fisheries. Included is the natural history of many of the state's marine plants and animals. There are photos, population and biological information on more than 150 marine species." Fresno Bee (February 21, 2002) D9.]

[Request #S4506]

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Water Quality Enforcement Policy. By State Water Resources Control Board. (The Board, Sacramento, California) February 19, 2002. 50 p. An Ordinance Amending the County Code of Regulatory Ordinances Relating to Stormwater Regulation, and An Ordinance Amending the County Code of Regulatory Ordinances Relating to Stormwater Regulation Manual. 46 p., 99 p. By San Diego County Board of Supervisors. (The Board, San Diego, California) February 20, 2002. And "Runoff Rules to Bring Flood of Changes." By Denis Devine. IN: North County Times (February 24, 2002)A1. Various pagings.

["Residents, businesses and city governments are in for sweeping changes in how they use and dispose of water under new storm-water runoff regulations.... The California Regional Quality Control Board can fine violators up to $10,000 per violation per day.... If a city can't show it was tough on the violator, often by levying its own fines, the regional board can hit the city with the same $10,000 penalty."]

Water Control Enforcement Policy:

"Runoff Rules":

[Request #S4507]

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California National Guard: To Better Respond to State Emergencies and Disasters, It Can Improve Its Aviation Maintenance and Its Processes of Preparing for and Assessing State Missions. By the Bureau of State Audits. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) February 2002. 64 p.

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["State Auditor Notes Flaws in National Guard Readiness: The ability to respond to fires and floods may be hampered by delays in getting helicopter parts and by a shortage of mechanics.... In addition units reported that as much as half of their maintenance staff hadn't been formally trained to work on one type of helicopter used by the Guard." San Diego Union-Tribune (February 15, 2002) A5.]

[Request #S4510]

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Presidents's FY 2003 Budget: Mandatory Spending Goes Up, Discretionary Goes Down. By The Federal Funds Informatin for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 02-02. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 8, 2002. 10 p.

["For states, the budget marks a triumph of mandatory spending over discretionary. Spending in the major discretionary grant programs would decline by 4 percent under the proposed budget, while mandatory spending would increase by 9 percent.... The single largest program, Medicaid, is projected to increase 11 percent. This Budget Brief describes the major proposals of importance to states."]

[Request #S4511]

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Competitive Grants. By The Federal Funds Information for States. Competive Grant. Update 02-01. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 12, 2002. 7 p.

[Includes: "Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Program;" "High School Equivalency Program and the College Assistance Migrant Program;" "State Energy Program Special Projects;" "Community Development work Study Program;" "Quality Child Care Initiative;" "Intelligent Transportation Systems Deployment Program;"]

[Request #S4512]

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International Cooperation in Research and Development: An Update to an Inventory of U.S. Government Spending. By Caroline S. Wagner and others, Rand Science and Technology Policy Institute. MR-1248-OSTP. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2001. 47 p.

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["Developments in science and technology are increasingly the result of international collaboration. Many indicators show increasing links among world scientists to conduct joint research, share data, conduct international meetings, develop common standards, and transfer technology.... There is increasing pressure within the United States to justify public funding of scientific activity."]

[Request #S4516]

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Implementation of State Auditor's Recommendations. By the California State Auditor. Prepared for the Assembly Budget Committee. (The Auditor, Sacramento, California) February 2002. Various pagings.

[Report to Subcommittee #1, Health and Human Services. Request #S4517. Report to Subcommittee #2, Education Finance. [Request #S4518.] Report to Subcommittee #3, Resources. [Request #S4519] Report to Subcommittee #4, State Administration [Request #S4520] Report to Subcommittee #5Information Technology/Transportation.

[Request #S4521]

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Implementation of State Auditor's Recommendations. By the California State Auditor. Prepared for Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review. (The Auditor, Sacramento, California) February 2002. Various pagings.

[Report to Subcommittee #1, Education. [Request #S4522] [Report to Subcommittee #2, Resources, Environmental Projection, Judiciary, Transportation and Energy. [Request #S4523] [Report to Subcommittee #3, Health, Human Services, Labor and Veterans Affairs. [Request #S4524] [Report to Subcommittee #4, Legislative, Executive, Public Safety, and General Government.]

[Request #S4525]

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Senate Federal Medical Assistance Percentage Stimulus Proposal. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 02-11. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 1, 2002. 2 p.

["State organizations have been stressing the potential damage to state tax receipts of accelerated depreciation proposals. At the same time, states have supported proposals in the Senate to temporarily increase the Medicaid matching rate (the federal medical assistance percentage-FMAP) to assist states in weathering difficult fiscal situations. A bipartisan amendment by Senators Baucus and Smith would provide bonus depreciation during calendar years 2002 and 2003, and would offset the negative impact on states by enhancing state FMAPs for the same period."]

[Request #S4527]

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HIV Impact: A Closing the Gap Newsletter. By the Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Office, Washington, DC) December 2001. 16 p.

[Includes: "HIV in Prisons Is 5 Times the Rate of General Population: Public Health Efforts Coordinate with Corrections;" "The White House Talks About What's Needed to Fight HIV/AIDS;" "Condoms in Prison: The Debate Lingers On...;" "Integrating HIV/AIDS Prevention with Domestic Violence Services;" "OMHRC Collaborates With HBCUs in Peer-Led HIV/AIDS Awareness Effort;" and others.]

[Request #S4528]

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Teen Tipplers: America's Underage Drinking Epidemic. By the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University. (The Center, New York, New York) February 26, 2002. 145 p.

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["Nearly one-third of the nation's high school students report binge drinking at least once a month.... The behavior -- defined as the consumption of four consecutive drinks for a female, or five for a male -- is engaged in monthly by 5 million high school students.... The number equals 31 percent of the nation's high school students.... The survey includes nearly 10,000 people 12 to 20." San Francisco Chronicle (February 27, 2002) A5.]

[Request #S4529]

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Oversight of Ambulatory Surgical Centers: A System in Neglect; Quality Oversight of Ambulatory Surgical Centers: The Role of Certification and Accreditation. And Quality Oversight of Ambulatory Surgical Centers: Holding State Agencies and Accreditors Accountable. By the Office of Inspector General, United States Department of Health and Human Services. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 2002.

["This inquiry assesses how State agencies and accreditors oversee ambulatory surgical centers and how the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services holds them accountable.... Our inquiry relies on a variety of data including claims and survey data, observations of surveys, and reviews of literature, laws, and regulations."]

A System in Neglect. 38 p.

The Role of Certification and Accreditation. 34 p.

Holding State Agencies and Accreditors Accountable. 23 p.

[Request #S4530]

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"The Financial Health of California Hospitals: A Looming Crisis; A Highly Competitive Marketplace and A Heavy Legislative Financial Burden May Result in Widespread Hospital Closures." By Mark G. Harrison and Cecilia C. Montalvo. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 21, no. 1 (January/February 2002) pp. 118-126.

["This paper summarizes a study that found marked erosion in California hospitals' financial health. The study examined the revenue and expense dynamics that contributed to this erosion and explored future challenges, some of which are unique to California's regulatory environment, in the context of the hospital industry's current financial performance."]

[Request #S4531]

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County-By-County Data. By the Medi-Cal Policy Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) 2002. Various pagings.

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["Nearly Half of Physicians Shun Medi-Cal: The report urges new strategies to draw physicians into the program.... In surveys of almost 1,700 physicians in the state's largest counties, researchers found that 55 percent of primary care physicians said they treated Medi-Cal patients. The low participation rate is notable because such physicians coordinate the care for most patients." San Diego Union Tribune (February 15, 2002) C1.]

[Request #S4532]

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The Influenza Vaccine. By Johanna Donlin, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 17. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["Influenza kills more than 20,000 people each year and hospitalizes another 100,000.... Many factors can affect production of vaccines and result in shortages or delays in distribution.... Few states have addressed emergency vaccine supply and distribution through legislation. Since September 11, the issue has received more attention, and states are seeking ways to handle vaccine distribution during an epidemic."]

[Request #S4533]

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Affordability Concerns Persist Despite Rate Cuts. By Robert A. Kleinhenz, California Association of Realtors. Trends in California Real Estate. Vol. 23, No. 1. (The Association, Los Angeles, California) 8 p.; Tables.

["Rising home values are a boon to homeowners but their rapid increase is shutting out large numbers of young families and new home buyers.... Employers are having trouble hiring and keeping good workers as home prices escalate much faster than incomes." San Luis Obispo Tribune (February 26, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S4534]

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The Link Between Growth Management and Housing Affordability: The Academic Evidence. By Arthur C. Nelson, Georgia Institute of Technology, and others. Prepared for the Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Institution, Washington, DC) February 2002. 56 p.

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["Brookings Report Finds Market Demand Primary Determinant of Housing Price: The report, a comprehensive review of the academic literature on the link between growth management and housing affordability finds that ... housing affordability and sound growth management are compatible goals." U.S. Newswire (February 20, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4535]

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Mustering the Armies of Compassion in Philadelphia: An Analysis of One Year of Literacy Programming in Faith-Based Institutions. By Bill Hangley, Jr. and Wendy S. McClanahan, Public/Private Ventures. (Public/Private Ventures, New York, New York) February 2002. 73 p.

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["Since the Centers opened their doors a brief 18 months ago, almost a thousand children have enrolled. They were on average reading more than two years behind grade level. Sixty percent are in the first to fifth grades; 20 percent are in high school.... The children who have attended a Center for six months or more vaulted 1.9 years in reading ability."]

[Request #S4536]

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HHS Releases Family Caregiver Funds. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 02-13. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 12, 2002. 2 p.

["On February 7, 2002, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services released $128 million in grants to states for the Family Caregiver Support program. This Issue Brief summarizes the program and provides state allocations for fiscal year (FY) 2002."]

[Request #S4537]

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Administration’s TANF Proposals Would Limit – Not Increase – State Flexibility. By Sharon Parrott and others, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 26, 2002. 11 p.

Full Text at:

["The Administration has unveiled key details of its TANF reauthorization proposals. Taken as a whole, the proposals would substantially limit the flexibility states currently have to design work programs that respond to the needs of TANF recipients and the condition of the labor market in their states."]

[Request #S4538]

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The Scope and Impact of Welfare Reform's Immigrant Provisions. By Michael Fix and Jeffery Passel, Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washinton, DC) January 2002. 49 p.

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["In this paper, we discuss the background and character of the changes introduced by this ... law and then sketch the post-enactment responses of the Congress, the states, and the courts. We further explore the impacts that the law has had on benefit use among immigrants, highlighting the changes in usage among different immigrant groups and factors related to these changes."]

[Request #S4539]

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Immigrants and Welfare Reauthorization. By Shawn Fremstad. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington DC) February 4, 2002. 19 p.

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["The immigrant restrictions have proven to be among the most controversial aspects of the welfare law.... Welfare reauthorization provides an opportunity to reconsider the restrictions in a more comprehensive and integrated manner. Congress should restore equal access to benefits.... This will require the redesign of existing programs to ensure that they help immigrants overcome barriers to advancement, including limited English proficiency, low skills, and limited acculturation."]

[Request #S4540]

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How Are Immigrants Faring After Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City: Final Report. By Randy Capps, the Urban Institute, and others. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 4, 2002. 99 p.

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["Immigrants in Nation's Two Largest Cities Report Extensive Unmet Food Needs; Greatest Hardship Among Those Who Speak Limited English: Poverty rates for immigrant families are more than twice as high as rates for native citizen families in California and New York state." AScribe Newswire (March 6, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4541]

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Child Well-Being and the Reauthorization of Welfare Reform. By Kelley O'Dell. The Welfare Information Network (The Network, Washington, DC) IN: Reauthorization Notes, vol. 2, no. 2 (February 2002) pp. 1-14.

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["(This report) describes the interactions between TANF and child well-being, including how welfare reform has addressed outcomes for children; how welfare reform has affected child welfare services; and how child well-being could be assessed in the context of welfare reform. Summaries are included of various organizations’ positions on how the law should be changed, if at all, to achieve better outcomes for children." HandsNet (March 11, 2001.)]

[Request #S4542]

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Metales y Derivados: Final Factual Record. By the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation. (The Commission, Montreal, Canada) February 11, 2002. 154 p.

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["NAFTA Panel Finds a Mess, Can't Clean It; Study Cites an Urgent Need for Cleanup at a Former Battery Recycler in Tijuana, But the Body Lacks Enforcement Power: Experts who studied the case saw an urgent need to clean the site to prevent the spread of pollutants that include lead, arsenic, cadmium and antimony." Los Angeles Times (February 24, 2002) 8.]

[Request #S4543]

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The Reshaping of Korea. By the Pacific Council on International Policy. (The Council, Los Angeles, California) November 2001. 64 p.

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["The transformation of Korea is a work in progress. The forces driving change -- from foreign investors and international institutions to Korean entrepreneurs, from the younger generation and new civic groups to Korean-Americans -- will see their influence increase, but only gradually.... This report highlights the forces driving the country's transformation."]

[Request #S4544]

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Central America: Readying for Free Trade with United States. By Joachim Bamrud, Americas Program, Interhemispheric Resource Center. (The Center, Silver City, New Mexico) February 22, 2002. 3 p.

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["The United States is turning its focus on Central America. The objective is to boost commercial ties with the region. President George W. Bush announced in January that the U.S. would explore a free trade agreement with Central America.... Once implemented, a Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) would give the region's business the benefit of guaranteed admittance to the U.S. market."]

[Request #S4545]

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Implications for U.S. Companies of Kyoto’s Entry into Force without the United States. By Daniel Bodansky, University of Washington. Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. (The Center, Arlington, Virginia) January 2002. 8 p.

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["This paper examines some of the potential implications for U.S. business of the Kyoto Protocol's entry into force -- in particular, the effects of the U.S. decision to stay out of the Protocol.... The implications ... will also depend significantly on whether the United States decides as a matter of domestic policy to undertake emission reduction requirements, and the stringency of such requirements."]

[Request #S4546]

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"The Population Consumption Model, Alcohol Control Practices, and Alcohol-Related Traffic Fatalities. By Deborah A. Cohen and others. IN: Preventive Medicine, vol. 34, no. 2 (January 2002) pp. 187-197.

["Study Backs Tough DUI Enforcement: Efforts to lower blood-alcohol limits nationwide could get a boost from a report that shows cities with the strictest alcohol regulations and toughest enforcement of alcohol-related violations had the lowest rates of drunken-driving fatalities.... Nationally, alcohol is to blame for more than 40 percent of urban traffic fatalities, according to the report." Sacramento Bee (January 14, 2002) A5.]

[Request #S4526]

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State Traffic Safety: Legislative Summary 2001. By Melissa A. Savage and others, National Conference of State Legislatures. Transportation Series No. 17. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2002. 66 p.

["This report summarizes the more than 1,200 bills regarding traffic safety considered by state legislatures during the 2001 legislative session.... Motor vehicle crashes kill approximately 41,000 people each year. During the 2001 sessions state legislators considered more than 1,800 bills regarding a variety of traffic safety issues."]

[Request #S4547]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute For Federal Policy Research. Vol 9, Bulletin 5-6. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 28 - March 7, 2002. Various pagings.

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[Includes: "Senate Commerce Examines Digital and Broadband Content Protection;" "Senate Judiciary Examines State Sovereignty And Intellectual Property Protection;" "California Asks FERC to Alter or Void Long-Term Power Contracts;" "President Bush Announces Wefare Reauthorization Plan;" "State and Local Officials Collaborate over Highway and Transit Funding Restoration;" "Caltrans Head Testifies Regarding State's Passenger Rail Needs;" "Primary Election Results For California House Races;" and others.]

[Request #S4548]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



And Still We Speak . . . Stories of Communities Sustaining and Reclaiming Languages and Culture. By Laurie Olsen and others. (California Tomorrow, Oakland, California)2001. 270 p.

[Includes: "Benefits of Bilingualism;" "Voices: The Stakes of Language Loss and Cultural Disconnection;" "Voices: Raising Children to be Bilingual and Bicultural: Rooted at Home and In the World;" "Roots in One Language;" "Culture Opens Us Up to Others and Identity and Pride in Language and Culture."]

[Request #S4555]

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Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants: The Scope and Adequacy of Regulation. By the Committee on Environmental Impacts Associated with Commercialization of Transgenic Plants, National Research Council. (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 320 p.

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["Regulations now in place to protect the public and the environment from potential harmful effects of genetically engineered crops are inadequate.... The report says the government must do a better job of screening these crops - both before and after they are planted.... [It] provides a detailed road map for the federal government to follow as it reinforces its assessment of environmental risks." Environmental News Service (February 22, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4550]

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Why Eligible Children Lose or Leave SCHIP: Findings from a Comprehensive Study of Retention and Disenrollment. By Cynthia Pernice and others, National Academy for State Health Policy. (The Academy, Portland, Maine) February 2002. 24 p.; Appendices.

["Study Evaluates Why Beneficiaries Leave Program: More than two-thirds of families who disenroll from state CHIP programs do so because they are no longer eligible or because they have found insurance coverage privately, according to a study.... The study recommends five ways to improve CHIP program retention." American Health Line (February 11, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4556]

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