Subject: Studies in the News 02-25 (April 22, 2002)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

April 1852 - "The year 1852 witnessed a series of Indian uprisings in Central and Southern California. The Indians were protesting violations of their rights to farm the land or to live in the free-roaming ways of their ancestors.... The state legislature authorized the formation of a volunteer Mariposa Battalion to deal with instances of armed insurrection."  Inventing the Dream: California Through the Progr  

April 1852 - "Tomo Skalica, a native of northern Croatia left [San Francisco] on April 21, 1852 for the Sandwich Islands [Hawaiian Islands] which are located 'in the middle of the ocean between California and China.' The capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Honolulu had in 1852 some 20,000 inhabitants; it was 'so beautiful that few cities in this world could be compared with it.' Among Skalica’s remarks are some interesting observations about the American influence and his farsighted prediction that this 'terrestrial paradise' some day will like California and Oregon join the United States of America. "  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Community well-being in the Central Valley
   Kids and the law
   National youth gang survey trends
   Trends in juvenile justice legislation
   Hearing on Department of Corrections audit
   American youth violence
   High skill immigration
   Privacy task forces needed
   Bilingual services
   UCLA Anderson School forecast
   Best states for e-commerce
   Payday lending
   The entertainment industry in Los Angeles
   Importance of student assessment
   New York After School Corporation
   Community learning centers program
   University roles in a knowledge economy
   Competition and collaboration in higher education
   Abstinence education grants
   Unemployment Insurance reforms
   Wage mobility in California
   Women and entrepreneurship
   Less student interest in technology careers
   Developing solar electric technology
   Solar electric technology applications
   Public interest energy research
   Federal economic stimulus bill
   Reforming the initiative process
   Local governments and the governor's budget
   Opinions of Californians on their government
   States’ fiscal recovery gradual
   Tax increment financing
   Gas tax and car registration fees
   Allocating property tax revenue
   Changing the culture of drinking in colleges
   Cancer prevention and control initiatives
   States' response to people with disabilities
   Expansion of Health Centers
   Toolkit for managing Medicaid costs
   Housing strategies for working families
   Importance of housing benefits
   Families pay more for child care
   Criminalization of homelessness
   Time-limited TANF recipients
   Denying benefits to women drug offenders
   Effect of welfare reauthorization plan on California.
   International trade agreements
   Guide to the European Union
   Future of rail passenger service
   Commuter's dilemma
   Food industry politics
   Immigrants with international business interests
   Electricity markets and public policy
   Candidate's briefing book
   Personal experiences of welfare reform
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Assessing the Region Via Indicators: Community Well-Being: The State of the Central Valley of California. By the Great Valley Center. (The Center, Modesto, California) March 2002. 36 p.

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["The report examines the region's well-being, including measures of citizenship, community safety, social support, organizational participation, and youth engagement. The goal is to use the measures for targeting efforts and focusing on the areas that need change."]

[Request #S4743]

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Kids and the Law: An A-to-Z Guide for Parents. By the State Bar of California. (The State Bar, San Francisco, California.) 2002. Various pagings.

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["In an effort to better understand what drives young people to break the law and who might influence their behavior, the State Bar commissioned the Charlton Research Company to conduct a survey of 600 California youth between 10 and 14 years of age. Among the findings ... while school is a primary source of information about the law for many young people, the majority of students turn to their parents when trying to determine what is against the law or when they have a problem."]

[Request #S4744]

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National Youth Gang Survey Trends From 1996 to 2000. By Arlen Egley, Jr, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. (The Department, Washington, DC) February 2002. 2 p.

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["Youth gang problem continues to affect a large number of jurisdictions and has been most persistent in the largest cities. All cities with a population of more than 250,000 and 86 percent of cities with a population between 100,000 and 250,000 reported persistent gang activity."]

[Request #S4745]

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Juvenile Justice State Legislation in 2001. By Molly Burton, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 6. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2002. 8 p.

["A top priority for legislatures in 2001 was providing confined juveniles with the tools necessary to successfully contribute to society once they are released.... Several states passed measures emphasizing the importance of education for confined juveniles.... Legislatures continue to be concerned about youth participation in gangs and gang-related activity."]

[Request #S4746]

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California State Auditor's Report on the Department of Corrections: Hearing. By the Joint Legislative Committee on Prison Construction & Operations, the Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4, and the Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 4, California Legislature. 1134-S (The Committee, Sacramento, California) January 17, 2002. 71 p.

["The report concludes that the department's fiscal practices and internal controls are inadequate to protect the best interests of the state. Its poor fiscal practices may have contributed to the significant budget shortfalls that the department has incurred over the past four years."]

[Request #S4747]

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The Rise and Fall of American Youth Violence: 1980 to 2000. By Jeffrey Butts and Jeremy Travis, the Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2002. 18 p.

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["This report examines crime trends over the entire span of years between 1980 and 2000 and analyzes what portion of the recent crime drop can be attributed to juveniles and young adults.... The results demonstrate that while young people helped to generate the growth in violence before 1994 ... most of the recent decline in violent crime was due to falling rates of violent crime among the young."]

[Request #S4748]

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Brain Circulation: How High-Skill Immigration Makes Everyone Better Off. By AnnaLee Saxenian. IN: Brookings Review, vol. 20, no. 1 (Winter 2002) pp. 28-31.

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["Silicon Valley's workforce is among the world's most ethnically diverse. Not only do Asian and Hispanic workers dominate the low-paying, blue-collar workforce, but foreign-born scientists and engineers are increasingly visible as entrepreneurs and senior management.... Thanks to brain circulation, high-skilled immigration increasingly benefits both sides."]

[Request #S4749]

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Privacy Task Forces and Commissions in the States. By Rita Thaemert, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 7. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2002. 2 p.

["Task forces or study commissions have been created especially to look at privacy issues in 10 states.... Nearly 40 states have acted on identity theft alone. At least half the states have laws that address a right to financial privacy."]

[Request #S4750]

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Dymally-Alatorre Bilingual Services Act: Joint Oversight Inquiry. By the Senate Committee on the Judiciary and the Assembly Select Committee on Language and Access to Government. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 26, 2002. Various pagings.

["Community workers have complained that the Dymally-Alatorre Bilingual Services Act has been ineffective, and that the state may be losing funds it could draw because of noncompliance with the federal rules relating to language and access.... The purpose of these hearings [is] to determine the need to strengthen the Act, and the means for doing so."]

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UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California: 1st Quarter 2002 - 4th Quarter 2003. By The UCLA Graduate School of Management. (The School, Los Angeles, California) March, 2002. Various pagings; and charts

["After getting slammed by last year's high-tech downturn, a sputtering California economy is poised for a rebound in the coming months and then should pick up steam by the second half of the year, UCLA economists predict....California's recovery will lag behind the nation's economic rebound. The reason is the state suffered a deeper downturn than the rest of the country during the last nine months of 2001." Sacramento Bee (March 27, 2002) D1.]

[Request #S4752]

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Protecting The Public Interest: Selected Governance, Regulatory Oversight, Auditing, Accounting, and Financial Reporting Issues. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-483T. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 5, 2002. 32 p.

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["The Enron situation raises a number of systemic issues for congressional consideration to better protect the public interest. It is fair to say that other business failures or restatements of financial statements have also sent signals that all is not well with the current system of financial reporting and auditing.... I will focus on four overarching areas -- corporate governance, the independent audit of financial statements, oversight of the accounting profession, and accounting and financial reporting issues -- where the Enron failure has already demonstrated that serious, deeply rooted problems may exist."]

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The Best States for E-Commerce. By Robert D. Atkinson and Thomas G. Wilhelm, Progressive Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2002. 33 p.

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["States vary widely in their treatment of e-commerce,..... The study assessed the extent to which states impose industry-specific protectionist laws, tax Internet access, enable e-government and recognize the legal validity of electronic signatures. Iowa, Indiana, Louisiana, Oregon and Utah were the most consumer-friendly." Washington Internet Daily (March 14, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4754]

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Payday Lending. By Heather Morton, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 20. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2002. 2 p.

["The payday lending industry estimates that 65 million transactions to between 8 million and 10 million households produce $2.4 billion in fees.... There is concern that consumers often are not aware of the high annual percentage rate they are paying.... As concerns rise, state legislators and regulators are evaluating their payday lending laws."]

[Request #S4755]

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The LA Economy: Is Entertainment 2001 Aerospace 1990? By Christopher F. Thornberg, University of California, Los Angeles. (The School, Los Angeles, California) And Annual Report 2000-2001. By the Entertainment Industry Development Corporation. Presented to UCLA Anderson School Forecast Conference. (The Corporation, Los Angeles, California) March 27, 2002. Various pagings.

["UCLA Forecast: Tepid Growth in U.S.; Film Industry Woes Weaken L.A. Economy: Bucking a trend of rosy projections, UCLA economists forecast only a weak recovery nationwide.... Christopher Thornberg, UCLA economist, compared the 12 percent drop in entertainment industry employment to the plunge in aerospace jobs in the early 1990s." City News Service (March 27, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4756]

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Title I: Education Needs to Monitor States’ Scoring of Assessments. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 2002. 26 p.

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[“Many states appear to be in poor position to meet federal requirements for Title I funds aimed at improving the educational achievement of children at risk. States are struggling with ensuring that information showing how well students are performing is complete and accurate – even though new federal legislation has raised student assessments to an unprecedented level of importance.” Washington Post (April 5, 2002) 1.]

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"The After School Corporation: A New York City Model." By the Open Society Institute. IN: Ideas for an Open Society, vol. 2, no. 2 (March 2002) 2 p.

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["The After-School Corporation (TASC), a nonprofit organization, was established by the Open Society Institute in April 1998 to enhance the quality, availability and sustainability of after-school programs in New York City and State, and, eventually, across the nation.... TASC currently supports over 150 programs in New York City, operated by more than 90 different not-for-profit organizations." Business Wire (March 21, 2001) 1.]

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States Move to Center Stage in the Federal 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program. By Michelle Exstrom and Amber Minogue, National Conference of State Legislatures. NCSL State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 8. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 12 p.; Appendices.

["Whether or not state legislators decide to take an active role in the Program, it will be important for them to be aware of and learn more about the new responsibilities and significant funding that state education agencies will receive.... It is also critical that lawmakers recognize the effect of these changes on after-school care for children in their state and identify an appropriate legislative role."]

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Innovation U.: New University Roles in a Knowledge Economy. By Louis G. Tornatzky, Southern Technological Council, and others. (Southern Growth Policies Board, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) 2002. 184 p.

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["Here are case studies on 12 universities [including Stanford and University of California, San Diego] that are doing a particularly good job of building alliances with industry and playing active roles in the economic development of their regions.... The universities are making substantial and inventive contributions to local and state economies."]

[Request #S4762]

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Competition and Collaboration in California Higher Education. By Kathy Reeves Bracco and Patrick M. Callan, National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. (The Center, San Jose, California) January 2002. Various pagings.

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["Collaboration within higher education is likely to be much more critical to meeting state needs than in the past. The transfer function is the most critical.... Effective transfer will be crucial in educating the next generation who are now moving in unprecedented numbers through the elementary and secondary schools."]

[Request #S4763]

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Sex Education. By Carla K. Curran, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 21. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2002. 2 p.

["For the most part, states leave sex education up to local school districts.... Almost half of the states have no laws on sex education and have no content requirements.... The Abstinence Education Formula Block Grant Program was created im 1996 through welfare reform legislation.... Federal welfare reform legislation requires all states to develop ways to reduce out-of-wedlock births."]

[Request #S4764]

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Proposed Unemployment Insurance and Employment Service Reforms. By The Federal Funds Information for States. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 18, 2002. 6 p.

["The president's budget proposes a five-year initiative to transfer administrative costs for Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services to states while providing states with additional flexibility. It also reforms extended benefits by making the program more responsive to unemployment swings."]

[Request #S4765]

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Wage Mobility in California: An Analysis of Annual Earnings. By Colleen Moore, Labor Market Information Division, California Employment Development Department, and others. (The Department, Sacramento, California) April 10, 2002. 18 p.

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["We examine the wage mobility of workers from 1988 to 2000.... Our results confirm that real earnings have declined for the workforce as a whole.... Our analysis reveals that lower-paid workers are more likely to be employed in retail trade, agriculture and services."]

[Request #S4766]

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Women and Entrepreneurship in California: Obstacles, Incentives, and Reform. By Donna G. Matias and others, Pacific Research Institute. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) March 2002. 44 p.

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["In California from 1992-1999, the number of women-owned businesses grew by more than 40 percent, and employment in women-owned businesses grew by 140 percent.... There are obstacles to women entrepreneurs and their ability to fully participate in the economy.... While not applying only to women, the regulatory regime constitutes a heavy burden on entrepreneurs.... Legislative reforms should be tailored to reduce the current tax and regulatory burden on women."]

[Request #S4767]

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Joint Venture’s 2002 Workforce Study: Connecting Today’s Youth With Tomorrow’s Technology Careers. By Praveen Madan, A.T. Kearney, and others. Prepared for Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. (The Network, San Jose, California) 2002. 31 p.

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[“If Silicon Valley is to have enough skilled workers in the future, more students need to become interested in technology careers. Only about one-third of local eighth- and 11th- graders are interested in pursuing high-tech careers. Girls expressed less interest than boys, and Hispanic students were less likely to be preparing for those careers than their peers.” The San Jose Mercury News (March 13, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4784]

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Developing Solar Electric Technology: State Policy Options. By Troy Gagliano, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 2. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 11 p.

["Legislators and policymakers are attempting to combine new power technologies with traditional power systems in order to protect their states from unexpected energy shocks. Generating electricity using solar power can be one element of the solution. Although a range of policy options exists for states that wish to begin or expand the use of this technology, this report focuses strictly on the policies of net metering, renewable portfolio standards and system benefit funds."]

[Request #S4768]

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Solar Electric Technology and Its Applications. By Troy Gagliano, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 3. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2002. 8 p.

["Legislators and policymakers are discovering how new power technologies, combined with traditional power generation systems, can help expand and safeguard their state electric supply.... This report focuses on the current state of photovoltaic technology. It illustrates how the technology is used across many sectors for a variety of purposes and describes the different types of existing photovoltaic systems."]

[Request #S4769]

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Public Interest Energy Research: Research Powers of the Future: 2001 Annual Report to the Legislature. By Public Interest Energy Research, California Energy Commission. Publication number 500-01-006A; 500-01-006C. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) March 29, 2002. 40 p. Appendices.

["This annual report provides a brief background and overview of the program; a current status of the program, including all funding awards made by the Energy Commission; and the Energy Commission's recommended future direction for the PIER program."]

Report. 40 p.

Appendices. 252 p.

[Request #S4770]

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Congress and President Finally Agree on Economic Stimulus Legislation. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 02-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 11, 2002. 6 p.

["After a long and sometimes contentious debate, Congress passed an economic stimulus bill (H.R. 3090). H.R. 3090 provides a bonus depreciation allowance for certain assets. This allowance is scheduled for three years and is retroactive, which means it will reduce revenues in the current fiscal year. The Congressional Research Service estimates that state revenues will suffer a total reduction of $14.6 billion over the three years. In comparison, the Reed Act distribution contained in the bill will provide $8 billion to states."]

[Request #S4783]

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Reforming the Initiative Process. By Jennifer Drage Bowser, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No, 16. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["Increased use of the initiative has had a negative impact on state policy and lawmaking.... Initiatives are often poorly drafted and have unintended consequences.... Several states are considering reforms that would add flexibility and deliberation to the process."]

[Request #S4771]

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Local Governments and the Governor's Budget: The Summary Report from the Committee Briefings. By the Senate Committee on Local Government, California Legislature. 1128-S. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 20, 2002. Various pagings.

["The Committee sponsored three briefings to review the 2002-03 State Budget and its effect on cities, counties and special districts.... .Findings: The budget deficit is worse than expected ... Local governments want stability and predictability in revenues ... Local officials didn't ask legislatore to suspend many mandates [and] Local governments view their proposed ballot initiative as a starting point for fiscal reform."]

[Request #S4772]

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PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 2002. 30 p.

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[The purpose of the Survey is to develop an in-depth profile of the social, economic, and political forces affecting California elections and public policy preferences.... There is an almost even split between residents who expect good economic times for the state in the next 12 months (46%) and those who see gray skies on California's horizon (47%)."]

[Request #S4773]

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Fact Sheet: Quick Rebound? State Fiscal Recovery Could Be Gradual, Lag National Economy 12-18 Months. By the National Association of State Budget Officers. (The Association, Washington, DC) March 12, 2002. 3 p.

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["Budget Woes Common, But Bigger Here; Many States Face Gaps, California's 16 percent By Far The Largest: Although all states have fallen, the reason California has fallen the fastest is because it is the center of a high-tech industry that in the late '90s soared beyond imagination.... 'Very few states are seriously proposing general tax increases,' said Scott Pattison of the budget officers' group. 'There is a lot of talk of targeted tax increases, fee increases, even tuition increases.'" Ventura County Star (April 2, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S4785]

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Reed Act Allocations in the Economic Stimulus Legislation. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Budget Brief. 02-03A. (FFIS, Washington, DC) 1 p.

["Table 1 provides the actual allocation to states from the Reed Act distribution. These figures were released subsequent to the completion of Budget Brief 02-03 [S4068] and replace the FFIS estimates contained in Table 2."]

[Request #S4774]

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Tax Increment Financing: Friend or Foe? By Jeff Dale. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No, 15. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2002. 2 p.

["Almost every state authorizes tax increment financing (TIF) as an economic development tool for local governments.... TIFs are popular because they serve as self-financing tools -- the additional taxes generated by projects offset the public resources used to fund them.... Despite widespread use, critics raise numerous questions on evaluating performance [and] accountability."]

[Request #S4775]

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Perspective on the Gas Tax and Car Registration Fees. By Mary E. Forsberg, New Jersey Policy Perspective. (New Jersey Policy Perspective, Trenton, New Jersey) [March] 2002. Various pagings.

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["The reality is that owners of the 6.4 million motor vehicles registered in the state do not provide enough revenue through taxes and fees to support the infrastructure they use.... On a per capita basis, New Jersey is third from the bottom in gas tax and registration collections. In the process, these artificially low prices contribute to the sprawl and congestion that come from over-reliance on cars" The Record (March 17, 2002) 01.]

[Request #S4776]

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Allocating Property Tax Revenue in California: Living With Proposition 13. By Therese A. McCarty and others. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 23 no. 12 (March 25, 2002) pp. 1047-1055.

["Each California local government's share of county property taxes, under current allocation rules, is based on revenue patterns from the 1970s. Government leaders, community advocates, and academics agree, however, that allocations to local jurisdictions should reflect current community service demand and costs."]

[Request #S4777]

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A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S. Colleges. By the Task Force of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health. NIH Publication No. 02-5010. (The Department, Bethesda, Maryland) April 2002. 59 p.

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["The consequences of college drinking are larger and more destructive than commonly realized, contributing to an estimated 1,400 student deaths, 500,000 injuries and some 70,000 cases of sexual assault or date rape each year. Offers recommendations for a '3 in 1' approach that targets individuals, the student population as a whole, and the college and the surrounding community." Connect for Kids (April 15, 2002)]

[Request #S4778]

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Cancer Prevention and Control Initiatives. By Stephanie Wasserman, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 19. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2002. 2 p.

["States passed 163 laws and resolutions addressing cancer prevention and control in 2001.... The Federal Breast and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Treatment Act of 2000 allows states the option of providing Medicaid to uninsured women.... States electing this option receive enhanced federal match to help fund the program.... 31 states enacted laws or adopted laws relating to the federal act in 2001."]

[Request #S4779]

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The States' Response to the Olmstead Decision: A Work in Progress. By Wendy Fox-Gage and others, Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2002. 101 p.

["The purpose of this study is to: Categorize overall state activities around Olmstead, according to their scope and purpose; Provide detailed descriptive analyses of Olmstead plans, including analyses of priorities, action steps, timetables, budgetary and legislative strategies, and other relevant factors; and Identify and describe targeted efforts planned on behalf of people with disabilities."]

[Request #S4780]

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Expansion of National Health Centers Continues. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 02-19. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 21, 2002. 4 p.

["Apart from bioterrorism grants, the one area of discretionary health funding targeted by the administration for substantial growth is National Health Centers (NHC). Funding for this group of programs flows directly to such centers -- bypassing state governments --though Medicaid and other state/local sources provide approximately half of center funding. This brief provides some background for states to be able to place the program and its expected growth into context."]

[Request #S4781]

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Managing Medicaid Costs: A Legislator's Tool Kit. And Cost-Cutting Strategies. By Kala Landenheim and others, Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) December 2001. 31, 48 p.

["Medicaid is an extremely complex program, and there are no easy answers or simple solutions.... The Legislator's Tool Kit is about helping legislators navigate through the complexities of Medicaid policies and regulations in order to reach informed and sensible judgments regarding such core issues as: Who will be covered? How much coverage will be provided? How should providers be reimbursed? and, What cost control measures will be effective?"]

[Request #S4782]

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Housing Strategies to Strengthen Welfare Policy and Support Working Families. By Barbara Sard, Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, and Margy Waller, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Institution, Washington, DC) April 2002. 12 p.

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["The affordable housing gap has adverse consequences for low-income families trying to work.... This brief offers a policy agenda to reduce the affordable housing gap, encourage location decisions that are more accessible to jobs, and support replication of housing strategies that appear to increase the likelihood of a successfull transition from welfare to work."]

[Request #S4787]

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The Importance of Housing Benefits to Welfare Success. By Sheila Rafferty Zedlewski, The Urban Institute. The Brookings Institution, Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy (The Institution, Washington, DC) April 2002. 9 p.

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["This brief examines the incidence of housing assistance for a nationally representative sample of families in 1999, focusing on receipt by recent welfare status. The analysis compares housing assistance receipt among current and former welfare recipients ... and examines the impact of housing assistance on employment, income, housing costs, and other outcomes of well-being."]

[Request #S4788]

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Shifting the Burden on Subsidized Child Care: Will Families Be Able to Afford the Governor's Plan? By Dan Galpern, California Budget Project (The Project, Sacramento, California) April 2002. 7 p.

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[" This report examines the implications of the Governor’s proposal to restructure the state’s subsidized child care programs. It discusses the impact of higher fees on low-income families, the policy implications of eliminating CalWORKs Stage 3 child care, and the impact of lowering the income eligibility standard."]

[Request #S4789]

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Illegal to be Homeless: The Criminalization of Homelessness in the United States. By the National Coalition for the Homeless and the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) March 2002. Various pagings.

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["The Mean Streets of Santa Cruz; Seaside City Sees Itself as a Compassionate Place. But Homeless Advocates Say Its Anti-Camping, Loitering Laws Are Too Harsh: [In their report on 59 cities and towns in 29 states] the Coalition and the Center ... rank Santa Cruz the seventh-most punitive city in the country in dealing with homeless people." San Jose Mercury (February 3, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4790]

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Time-Limited TANF Recipients. By Andrea Wilkins, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 22, (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2002. 2 p.

["Thirty-five states have hit time limits, and most of those remaining are now reaching the five-year limits of federal law.... A few state studies have assessed the well-being of time-limited recipients. Although the results have been varied, a picture is beginning to emerge. Studies indicate that these recipients commonly face greater difficulties than families who left welfare for other reasons."]

[Request #S4791]

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Life Sentences: Denying Welfare Benefits to Women Convicted of Drug Offenses. By Patricia Allard, The Sentencing Project. (The Project, Washington DC) February 2002. 34 p.

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["Report Says Ban on Aid to Drug Users 'Devastates' Children: The study found that the ban ... affects more than 92,000 women and 135,000 children. Nearly half of those affected are African American or Hispanic." Washington Post (March 1, 2002) A9.]

[Request #S4792]

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President's Welfare Reform Reauthorization Plan - Fiscal Effect on California. By Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) April 15, 2002. 8 p.

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["The report, a statewide analysis of the fiscal effects of the President's budget proposal, estimates that implementation of the proposal would cost California $2.8 billion over the next five years." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (April 18, 2002) 3.]

[Request #S4802]

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The Impact of International Trade Agreements on Local, State and Federal Lawmaking Authority: Town Hall Meeting: Transcript. By The Senate Select Committee on International Trade Policy and State Legislation. Cosponsored by The National League of Cities and The League of California Cities. 1127-S. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) December 10, 2001. 52 p.

["This discussion [was] on International Trade and Investment Rules and the ways in which they threaten to impact traditional democratic processes at the state, national, and local level.... State and local lawmakers are rapidly becoming the new players in the globalization debate as they begin to understand the potential erosion of their lawmaking authority as the result of these trade agreements."]

[Request #S4793]

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The European Union: A Guide for Americans. California and EU. The EU and the 50 US States. Top 10 States Exporting to European Union. And Top 10 States for EU Foreign Direct Investment. By The European Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) [2002.] Various pagings.

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["Through the search for 'ever closer union,' the European Union has consolidated economic prosperity and democracy in Western Europe and helped bring stability to Central and Eastern Europe.... The chapters that follow seek to explain how the European Union works, what it does, and why it is an important international actor, working with the United States and other partners."]

[Request #S4794]

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The Future of Amtrak and Rail Passenger Service. By Reed F. Morris and James B. Reed, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 23. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2002. 2 p.

["Technological advances in high-speed rail systems coupled with crowded skies and gridlocked freeways have brought new interest to developing intercity rail travel.... Upcoming re-authorization and recent decisions by the Amtrak Reform Council are driving the discussion.... State-funded expansions of Amtrak service are options that state legislatures have considered."]

[Request #S4795]

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A Commuter’s Dilemma: Extra Cash or Free Parking? By Rebecca Long, Legislative Analyst’s Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) March 19, 2002. 16 p.

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["In this report ... we examine the factors that influence commuting behavior.... We then discuss California's parking cash-out law, its scope, its impact at specific locations, and its potential impact on congestion and air quality.... Next, we discuss the factors that have delayed the law's implementation. Finally, we provide recommendations and options to improve the effectiveness of the parking cash-out law."]

[Request #S4796]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health. By Marion Nestle, Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, New York University. California Studies in Food and Culture 3. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) [2002]. 469 p.

["A Healthy Look at the Food Industry's Effects on Nutrition: Nestle demonstrates how lobbying, public relations, political maneuvering and advertising by the food industry work against public health goals and have helped create a population that's eating itself sick." Los Angeles Times (April 2, 2002) 3.]

[Request #S4798]

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Local and Global Networks of Immigrant Professionals in Silicon Valley. By AnnaLee Saxenian and others, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) April, 2002. 85 p.

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["Silicon Valley immigrants play a significant role in building the global economy according to a report. Local immigrant professionals maintain extensive ties to their homes, bringing business opportunities, technology and networks that link Silicon Valley to urban centers in countries like India, China and Taiwan." San Jose Mercury News (April 19, 2002) A1]

[Request #S4801]

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Alternating Currents: Electricity Markets and Public Policy. By Timothy J. Brennan, and others (Resources for the Future, Washington, DC) February 2002. 226 p.

["RFF, an economics think tank, has long been monumentally important in the debates over energy and environmental issues....The book lays out 11 leading issues, which set the framework for the very useful discussions that follow...While RFF is generally, and understandably, a fan of market-based policies, it is also a well-known advocate of realism in setting policy. The book ends with a nicely balanced call for realism and empiricism." The Electricity Daily (April 15, 2002) 1] SD

[Request #S]

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Issues 2002: The Candidate's Briefing Book. By Stuart M. Butler and Kim R. Holmes. The Heritage Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, DC) 2002. 330 p. TC

["[In the Briefing Book] the Foundation advocates making states responsible for replacing government welfare programs with private charity. Government should also set aside a share of welfare funds 'for programs that strengthen marriage and reduce illegitimacy and establish work requirements for food stamps and public housing programs.'" Washington Post (March 19, 2002) A19.]

[Request #S4800]

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Faces of Change: Personal Experiences of Welfare Reform in America. By Jamie Harris and Thomas E Lengyel, Alliance for Children and Families. (The Alliance, Washington, DC) April 2002.

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["We all have a role to play in helping low-income and welfare families succeed. The first step is listening to them and their stories.... This is a collection of more than 100 stories of current and former welfare recipients." U.S. Newswire (March 12, 2002) 1.]

[Request #S4799]

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