Subject: Studies in the News 02-33 (June 6, 2002)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

June 2, 1852 - "10,641 immigrants arrived by boat during the month of May"  San Francisco Gold Rush Chronology  

June 8, 1852 - "First known labor strike in San Francisco occurred when Chinese laborers working on the Parrott granite building demanded a wage increase. "  San Francisco Gold Rush Chronology  

Contents This Week

   Death sentence reversals cast doubt
   Supreme Court and death penalty
   Reducing rural crime
   Religious use of marijuana on federal lands
   Document fraud
   Economic status of California women
   California's diversity
   Federal educational disabilities funding
   Literacy and the generation gap
   Draft master plan for education
   Other states' master plans
   Bridging gap between K-12 and higher education
   Affirmative action admissions case
   CSU budget proposal
   University of California losses over Enron
   UC admissions testing proposal
   Protecting California electricity consumers
   Senate hearing on market manipulation
   Senate hearing on energy market
   Edison warning of market manipulation
   Farmers commitment to conservation
   Improving CEQA review
   Equity in funding Los Angeles parks
   Implementing Prop. 40 conservation bond
   Supreme Court on Lake Tahoe regulation
   Augmenting Salton Sea water
   Caltrans and runoff pollution
   State funding for homeland security
   Los Angeles high-rise buildings at risk
   Supreme Court defines states' immunity
   Estimates of state Medicaid matching rates
   Legislators and information technology
   Employee salaries reduced if budget late
   Federal AIDS treatment grants
   Access to treatments by HIV-infected patients
   HHS funds for developmental disabilities
   The consequences of a lack of health insurance
   Poor medical care for uninsured
   Marijuana subject to federal laws
   Congressional action on human cloning
   Regulation of non-reproductive cloning
   Housing affordability
   Kinship care
   Food Stamp program re-authorized
   Foster care children's well-being
   Technology and welfare reform recommendations
   Social Security and Latinos
   Welfare reform and teen-age behavior
   Welfare benefits and drug offenders
   Global warming threatens trout and salmon
   Protecting American homeland
   Problems of modern governments
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



"Death Sentence Reversals Cast Doubt on System: Courtroom Mistakes Put Executions on Hold." By Howard Mintz. IN: San Jose Mercury News (April 14, 2002) pp. 1A; 18A-19A. And "Cleared by DNA, They Still Suffer." By Sharon Cohen and Deborah Hastings, Associated Press. IN: Sacramento Bee (June 3, 2002) pp. A1, A10.

Full Text at:

["The Case against the Death Penalty; Errors and inconsistencies in defense lead to many reversals; at least there should be a moratorium on its use: Howard Mintz's review of 15 years of death penalty cases found that for every execution in California, seven death penalty cases were reversed. Over time, about two-thirds of death penalllty verdicts aren't holding up." San Jose Mercury News (April 16, 2002) Op1.]

["An Associated Press examination of what happened to 110 inmates after their convictions were overturned by DNA tests found that, for many of the men, vindication brought neither a happy ending nor a happy beginning."]

[Request #S5116]

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"The Capital Group: The State Supreme Court Changes the Way It Handles Death Penalty Cases." Edited by Martin Lasden. IN: California Lawyer, vol. 22, pt. 5 (May 2002) pp. 13-27.

["The change comes at a time when California's high court expects to see a substantial increase in the number of capital filings over the next few years as it finds ways to speed up the notoriously slow process of assigning counsel to defendents.... As of March there were 401 automatic appeals pending in the California Supreme Court, of which 152 were still waiting for counsel to be assigned and only 33 were fully briefed, according to the court's automatic appeals monitor."]

[Request #S5117]

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Rural Crime Prevention: Evaluation Shows Some Success. By The Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 21, 2002. 16 p.

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["Rural Crime Fighting Examined State Budget Analyst Says Numbers Aren't There to Judge Program's Success: No law enforcement agencies kept specific figures on agricultural-related crimes before the start of the state Rural Crime Prevention Program in the late 1990s. That means there is no way to judge whether the program has decreased crime, the report says." Modesto Bee (May 22, 2002) B1.]

[Request #S5118]

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People of Guam v. Benny Toves Guerrero. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. No. 00-71247. May 28, 2002. 24 p.

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[“A Rastafarian -- whose Jamaica-based religion regards marijuana as a sacrament that brings believers closer to divinity -- could not be federally prosecuted for merely possessing marijuana, a decision that upheld a portion of the 1993 Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The same reasoning would apply to drug prosecutions on other federal property.” San Francisco Chronicle (May 29, 2002) [online].]

[Request #S5144]

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America's Identity Crisis: Document Fraud Is Pervasive and Pernicious. By Marti Dinerstein, Center for Immigration Studies. (The Center, New York, New York) April 2002. 12 p.

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["In 2002, the Census Bureau estimated that 8.7 million people resided in the United States illegally.... Approximately 40 percent ... are overstayers while 60 percent crossed our borders without permission.... Their presence has spawned widespread document and identity fraud ... that threatens our ability to distinguish illegal aliens from U.S. citizens and legal foreign residents.... A national debate has resumed on whether the United States needs a national identity card."]

[Request #S5119]

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Failing to Make Ends Meet: A Report on the Economic Status of Women in California. By Inger P. Brinck and Judy Patrick, The Women's Foundation (The Foundation, San Francisco, California) May 2002. 20 p.

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["State Single Women Struggle, Report Says: The report concludes that women are lagging behing men in many areas. Although California has done a better job closing the gap than other states, women in 2000 earned 82 percent of what males earned.... The report offers many recommendations, from extending health care to all state citizens, targeting drop-out prevention programs at minority women and boosting funding for home ownership assistance programs." San Jose Mercury News (May 23, 2002) A17.]

[Request #S5121]

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A State of Diversity: Demographic Trends in California's Regions. By Hans P. Johnson, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts: Population Trends and Profiles, Vol. 3, No. 5. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) May 2002. 16 p.

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["This article uses recent data from the 2000 census to examine similarities and differences in demographic trends and patterns across the nine major regions of the state over the past ten years. It looks in particular at the demographic sources of population growth, relationships between population and job and housing growth, changing racial and ethnic diversity, age structure, and variations in per capita income across regions."]

[Request #S5122]

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IDEA Full Funding Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 02-27. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 7, 2002. 3 p.

["Full funding of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is an issue that remains at the forefront of the congressional agenda.... States ... often view IDEA as an unfunded mandate .... This Issue Brief describes the current funding formula and illustrates what full funding would mean for each state."]

[Request #S5124]

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"Functional Neuroanatomical Differences Between Adults and School Age Children in the Processing of Single Words." By Bradley L. Schlaggar and others, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri. IN: Science, Vol. 296, No. 5572 (May 24, 2002) pp. 1476-79.

["Scientists have discovered that children appear to use their brains to handle words far differently than do adults, suggesting a generation gap that extends to the most fundamental functions of the brain. The new research highlights how dramatically children differ mentally from grown-ups." ECS e-Clips (May 24, 2002).]

[Request #S5113]

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The California Master Plan for Education: Draft. By the Joint Committee to Develop a Master Plan for Education - Kindergarten Through University. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) May 2002. 75 p.

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["This first draft incorporates several, but not all, of the recommendations from the seven work groups. Consequently, the Master Plan is general in nature and lacks the detail contained in the Work Groups' Final Reports. Additionally, the Master Plan document organizes these recommendations under four broad headings: access; achievement; accountability; and affordability making it difficult to identify specific Work Group recommendations." Alert from the California Resource and Referral Network (June 3, 2002).]

[Request #S5123]

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State Master/Strategic Plans for Postsecondary Education. By the Education Commission of the States. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) December 2001. 18 p.

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["This ECS StateNote presents information about the following aspects of state master/strategic plans: the most common themes addressed in state master/strategic plans; the state master/strategic plans that address tuition; the states that are currently writing or rewriting new state master/strategic plans; the states that do not have a state master/strategic plan for postsecondary education; and contact information about or Web links for state master/strategic plans."]

[Request #S5127]

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Bridging the Great Divide Between Secondary Schools and Postsecondary Education. By Michael Kirst, Stanford University and Andrea Venezia, The Bridge Project. Prepared for the National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report, Vol. 27, No. 10. April 2002. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 11 p.

["The lack of coordination between the public K-12 and postsecondary sectors impedes successful transitions between the systems and diminishes educational opportunity for many students.... The Bridge Project seeks to enhance student preparation for higher education and to help create a more connected system of education, particularly with regard to higher education admissions and placement standards."]

[Request #S5129]

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Barbara Grutter v. Lee Bollinger, et al. United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. 2002 FED App. 0170P (6th Cir.). May 14, 2002.

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["U.S. Appeals Court Upholds Affirmative Action in Admissions at University of Michigan Law School .... Circuit courts around the nation have issued widely divergent opinions on the subject, and the Sixth Circuit's ruling conflicts with decisions rendered by other federal appeals courts." Chronicle of Higher Education (May 14, 2002)[online].]

[Request #S5125]

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Standing Up for the CSU: Budget Proposal for 2002-2003. By the California Faculty Association. (The Association, Los Angeles, California) [2002.] 17 p.

["The Association, the union representing the more than 20,000 faculty in the CSU, has developed a series of budgetary proposals to reverse many of the problems currently facing the CSU. The California Faculty Association (CFA) requests that the Legislature incorporate the following objectives into the budget: ensure adequate 2002-2003 funding; invest in instructional quality; maintain affordability and access; increase administrative accountability; [and] control wasteful spending."]

[Request #S5126]

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In re Enron Corporation...Regents of the University of California...[and others] v. Kenneth Lay, Jeffrey Skilling... [and others] . United States District Court Southern District of Texas Houston Division. H-01-3624. April 8, 2002 Civil class action, plaintiff's complaint. 503 p.

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["Harvard made a profit from Enron's collapse while the U. of California lost $145-million. [University of California] will be the lead plaintiff in a 500-page lawsuit charging 38 of Enron's directors and top executives with defrauding investors of billions of dollars. Also charged in the suit are 28 partners, accountants, and affiliated entities of Arthur Andersen, nine banks, and two law firms." Chronicle of Higher Education. (May 7, 2002)[online].]

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The Use of Admissions Tests by the University of California. By the Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools (BOARS), University of California. 2002. And UC and the SAT: Predictive Validity and the Differential Impact of the SAT I and SAT II at the University of California. By Saul Geiser and Roger Studley, University of California. October 29, 2001. (The University, Oakland, California)

[“[The] standards, put forward after months of study by a UC faculty committee, call for admissions tests that are closely tied to what students are supposed to learn in high school. Originally, the university was talking about developing a California-only admissions exam. But in recent months, the discussion has switched to using ACT and SAT I exams that have been retooled to University of California standards.... Such sweeping changes would require the support of the 74,300 colleges, universities and high schools that are College Board members, plus the approval of the company's board of directors, expected to vote in June.” San Jose Mercury (May 16, 2002)15A.]

The Use of Admissions Tests 18 p.

The Use of Admissions Tests - Executive Summary 6 p.

UC and the SAT 24 p.

[Request #S5130]

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Protecting California's Residential and Small Business Electricity Consumers. By William Ahern and Janee Briesemeister, Consumers Union. (The Union, San Francisco, California) January 30, 2002. 17 p.

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["Consumers are unlikely to benefit from a complicated choice among competitive electric energy service providers. The experience so far has shown that electric energy providers are not eager to market and sell to small users, and that such providers are unstable and can leave the market when conditions turn unfavorable."]

[Request #S5131]

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Hearing to Examine Manipulation in Western Energy Markets: Testimonies. By Patrick Wood, Chairman, FERC, Terry Winter, CEO, Cal ISO, and others. Presented to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, U.S. Senate. (The Committee, Washington, DC) May 15, 2002. Various pagings.

["Electricity Price Cap Likely to be Extended; Memos on Enron's Market Manipulation Attempt Leads to Change of Heart by Regulators: [Patrick] Wood had indicated a preference to let price limits expire. But that prospect evaporated in the heated political reaction to Enron's disclosure of Enron Corp. memos detailing ploys for gaming California's energy market." Los Angeles Times (May 16, 2002) 3.]

Patrick Wood

Terry Winter

other testimony

[Request #S5132]

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Hearing on Examining Enron: Developments Regarding Electricity Price Manipulation in California: Testimonies. By Loretta Lynch, President, California Public Utilities Commission, S. David Freeman, California Power Authority, Richard Sanders, Assistant General Counsel, Enron, and others. Presented to the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, U.S. Senate. (The Committee, Washington, DC) May 16, 2002. Various pagings.

[“Power Plays Cost State $30 Billion; Federal Energy Board Urged to Order Immediate Refunds: S. David Freeman called on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Order Immediate Refunds to consumers and the state’s depleted treasury…. Loretta Lynch blamed FERC for failing to enforce the law to require that ‘wholesale electric rates be just and reasonable.’” Daily News of Los Angeles (May 16, 2002) N3.]

Lorretta Lynch

S. David Freeman

Richard Sanders

Other Testimony

[Request #S5133]

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California Electricity Markets: Issues for Examination. By Gary Stern, Southern California Edison. (Southern California Edison, Rosemead, California) August 17, 2000. 6 p.

["Southern California Edison warned federal regulators in August 2000 about some of the trading ploys that Enron Corp. used to wring profit from California, but regulators took little action for months.... The previously secret memo was released by Sen. Dianne Feinstein during a Senate committee hearing on Enron and its potential manipulation on Western energy markets." Los Angeles Times (May 21, 2002) C1. ]

[Request #S5134]

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Commitment to Conservation. By the California Farm Bureau Federation. (The Federation, Sacramento, California) January 2002. Various pagings.

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["An estimated 75% of private land in California supports habitat.... Nearly all listed species spend at least part of their life cycle on private land.... We have ... [included] examples of the effort taken by many of farmers and ranchers as they work toward promoting healthy wildlife populations on their property."]

[Request #S5135]

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Better Protection of Fish and Wildlife: Improving Fish and Game's CEQA Review. By the Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) April 30, 2002. 12 p.

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["The department reports it currently reviews about 40 percent of California Environmental Quality Act documents it receives.... In our review, we found that the Department does not have in place a formalized process or well-defined criteria for prioritizing projects for comment.... It appears that the department often does not follow up on the comments it provides to lead agencies."]

[Request #S5136]

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Parks and Park Funding in Los Angeles: An Equity Mapping Analysis. By Jennifer Wolch, and others, University of Southern California. (The University, Los Angeles, California) May 2002. 30 p.

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["Too much of the more than $25 million that Los Angeles spends every year to increase and enhance parks goes to areas that need it least, according to a study released by researchers at USC.... The problem is exacerbated by differences rooted in history, according to the report. The city's 1904 zoning code protected the mostly Anglo Westside from industrial uses and high-density housing that were allowed in the city's minority-dominated eastern and southern areas." Los Angeles Times (May 10, 2002) B4.]

[Request #S5137]

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Enchancing Implementation and Oversight: Proposition 40 Resources Bond. By the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 7, 2002. 16 p.

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["This report looks at Proposition 40 -- a $2.6 billion bond for natural resource conservation, parks and historical and curtural resources that was passed by voters in March. The report makes specific recommendations to further legislative oversight of Proposition 40 expenditures. It calls for the Legislature to review grant criteria, monitor administrative costs, designate a lead agency to coordinate various functions." California Policy Forum NewsWire (May 9, 2002)1.]

[Request #S5138]

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Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. et al. v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, et al. United States Supreme Court. 00-1167. April 23, 2002. Various pagings.

["The Supreme Court handed Lake Tahoe regulators a major victory in ruling that a temporary building moratorium didn't amount to a taking of private land. The court's 6-3 ruling means the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency and other government entities don't automatically have to pay private landowners who temporarily lose building rights. The ruling's significance also extends far beyond Tahoe's shores." Sacramento Bee (April 24, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S5139]

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Facilitate the California 4.4 Plan: New Water, Interim Mitigation, Salton Sea Reclamation. By Lawerence Livermore National Laboratory, Energy and Environment Directorate. (The Laboratory, Livermore, California.) May 2002. 5 p.

["Fresh water that leaks from irrigation canals could be captured to replenish the ailing Salton Sea, a team of federal researchers said.... But the remedy is far from becoming a formal proposal. Still unanswered: Would it work? Would it be cost-effective? And would Mexico, which benefits from the escaped water, object?" Riverside Press-Enterprise (May 8, 2002) A6.]

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Caltrans Still Lagging on Water Pollution Abatement. By Dan Weikel and Christine Hanley. IN: Los Angeles Times (May 13, 2002) A1.

["For more than a decade, the California Department of Transportation has been a chronic violator of federal laws designed to prevent enormous amounts of polluted water from running off highways into rivers, streams and the ocean.... Caltrans officials contend that erosion and storm water runoff are complicated environmental problems with no quick fix."]

[Request #S5141]

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Special Report: State Funding for Homeland Security. By the National Association of State Budget Officers. (The Association, Washington, DC) March 7, 2002. 2 p.

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["Since September 11, new programs and funding have been created for state governments to prepare for future terrorist attacks. The additional funding for public health grants for bioterrorism preparedness in fiscal 2002 is underway, with state plans due by April 15th for the current year funding"]

[Request #S5142]

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Security and Safety in Los Angeles High-Rise Buildings After 9/11: Documented Briefing. By Rae W. Archibald and others, Rand Public Safety and Justice. Prepared for the Building Owners and Managers Association of Greater Los Angeles (BOMA) (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 76 p.

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["High-Rise Terrorism Risk Cited: Los Angeles International Airport and the harbor remain the most vulnerable to terrorist acts, but the report said the high-rise buildings -- though not likely to be primary targets -- could be subject to bombings or other attacks. 'While we don't want to create a bunker mentality, we do feel people need to be made constantly aware of the potential threat.' said (Rae) Archibald, who headed the Rand team."]

[Request #S5143]

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Federal Maritime Commission v. South Carolina State Ports Authority et al. Supreme Court of the United States. No. 01-46. May 28, 2002. 18 p.

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[“The Court significantly enlarged the scope of the 11th Amendment, which grants immunity to states from private lawsuits. The Supreme Court had never before applied the 11th Amendment, which limits 'the judicial power of the United States,' beyond the courtroom to immunize states from the actions of executive branch agencies. ” San Francisco Chronicle (May 29, 2002) [online].]

[Request #S5145]

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Preliminary 2004 FMAPs. By The Federal Funds Information for the States. FFIS Brief 02-26. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 24, 2002. 8 p.

["Personal income growth slowed abruptly in calendar year 2002.... 28 states would receive increased FMAPs in FY 2004 and nine would experience declines. [Income] growth has reduced California's FMAP to the 50 percent minimum."]

[Request #S5146]

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"Legislators Who Get It." By Ellen Perlman. IN: Governing, vol. 15, no. 8 (May 2002) pp. 26-30.

["Politicians hold the purse strings for big technology projects. But few are interested in or informed about IT issues.... When legislatures are not knowledgeable in technology, it leaves a lop-sided arrangement in government. 'In the absence of participation by the legislature, the executive branch has no checks and balances,' says Mary Winkley, who worked as a legislative staffer in California."]

[Request #S5147]

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Response to Governor's 2002-2003 Budget and Policy Proposals. By Child Care Law Center. (The Center, San Francisco, California) 2002. 13 p.

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["The Governor's Budget for 2002-2003 contains far-reaching proposals to make long-term programmatic changes in programs critical to the lives of low-income children and families. The purpose of this paper is to look at the policy implications of the child care proposals. Child care in California remains a woefully underfunded system and these reforms occur almost completely at the expense of children, low-income families, underpaid workers and struggling child care providers."]

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White v. Davis. And Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association, et al. v. Kathleen Connell. California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District. B122178; B123992 May 29, 2002. Various pagings.

["Some 250,000 state employees could get the payday shock of their lives July 15 under a court ruling that says they'd only be entitled to minimum wage unless California has a budget in place by then.... State Controller Kathleen Connell, also said that $3 billion in Proposition 98 payments to more than 1,000 California public school districts would be suspended in July if the ruling stands." Sacramento Bee (May 30, 2002) A3.]

[Request #S5150]

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Ryan White 2002 Title II Awards Announced. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 02-25. (FFIS, Washington, DC) April 23, 2002. 4 p.

[The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990 ... provides funding to states and other public and private nonprofit entities to develop, organize, coordinate and operate more effective and cost-efficient systems... [for] medically underserved individuals and families affected by HIV."]

[Request #S5151]

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Participation in Research and Access to Experimental Treatments by HIV-Infected Patients. By Allen L. Gifford and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 18 (May 2, 2002) pp. 1373-1382.

["We estimate that 14 percent of adults receiving care for HIV infection participated in a medication trial or study; 24 percent had received experimental medications; and 8 percent had tried and failed to obtain experimental treatments.... Conclusions: Among patients with HIV infection, participation in research trials and access to experimental treatment is influenced by race or ethnic group and type of health insurance."]

[Request #S5152]

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HHS Plans to Reallocate Funds for Developmental Disabilities. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 02-29. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 6, 2002. 4 p.

[“HHS informed states that it used incorrect formula...HHS recover funds from states that were overpaid and redistribute them to states that were underpaid.” [In the reallocation, California would gain 8% for FY 2001 and 3% for FY 2002].]

[Request #S5153]

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Sicker and Poorer: the Consequences of Being Uninsured. By Jack Hadley. Urban Institute. Prepared for the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (The Commission, Menlo Park, California) May 2002. 144 p.

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["Study Concludes That The Uninsured Are Treated Differently from Those with Medical Coverage, with Deadly Consequences: Overall, uninsured adults 25 to 64 with a heart attack, cancer, HIV infection or a traumatic injury are 25% more likely to die prematurely than such patients with health insurance." Los Angeles Times (May 22, 2002) 15.]

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Care Without Coverage: Too Little, Too Late. By the Committee on the Consequences of Uninsurance, Board on Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine (National Academy Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 194 p.

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["This report examines how being uninsured may lead to delayed diagnosis, life threatening complications, and premature death. Some of the findings include: the uninsured are less likely to receive timely screening services; uninsured adults with HIV infection or AIDS are less likely to receive effective drug therapies that are standard treatment; mentally ill patients with insurance that covers their treatment are more likely to receive appropriate care than those with no insurance." CDF Child Health Information Project (May 24, 2002).]

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United States of America v. Cannabis Cultivator's Club, et al. United States District Court for the Northern District of California. Memorandum and Order. C98-00085CRB-C98-00088CRB, C98-00245CRB. May 3, 2002. 12 p.

["Ruling Could Doom Medical Pot Clubs: State loses its arguments as a judge says marijuana is subject to federal laws.... The only question [Judge Charles] Breyer left open is whether he will issue a permanent injunction against cooperatives in the Bay Area, the federal government's present targets." Sacramento Bee (May 4, 2002) A3.]

[Request #S5156]

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Cloning and the U.S Congress. By George J. Annas. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 20 (May 16, 2002) pp. 1599-1602.

["Cloning Backers Bank on Science; New Research Is Timed to Sway Political Debate: Annas proposed tight regulations that could prevent development of the 'embryo farms' that the president fears. Such a system would 'outlaw the freezing and storing of research embryos and permit their use only by a limited number of qualified researchers,' (George) Annas wrote." Chicago Tribune (May 7, 2002) 1.]

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California Advisory Committee on Human Cloning Presents Its Findings and Recommendations on Cloning and Stem Cell Research. By Lisa M. Matocq. Senate Select Committee on Genetics, Genetic Technologies and Public Policy. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) March 2002. 49 p.

["The Committee recommended that: the temporary ban on human reproductive cloning be extended indefinitely; the Department of Health Services establish an advisory committee; the definition of cloning be expanded so as not to limit the ban on reproductive cloning to the process used to create Dolly; [and] non-reproductive cloning not be prohibited, but be regulated, particulary for stem cell research purposes.]

[Request #S5148]

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Meeting Our Nation's Housing Challenges. By the Bipartisan Millenial Housing Commission Appointed by the Congress of the United States (The Commission, Washington, DC) May 30, 2002. 130 p.

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["This report outlines specific ways to increase the availability of decent, affordable housing for all Americans. The inexorable growth in the numbers of families ... coupled with community opposition to high-density development, the gentrification or deterioration of an increasing percentage of our housing stock, and the growing affordability gap — require that the government of the United States seriously address the question of how our society can produce and preserve more housing for more American families. As affordable housing production is increased within the context of healthy, inclusive communities, the economy is strengthened, more families share common American values, and economic opportunity is increased for many.”]

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Children Cared For By Relatives: What Do We Know About Their Well-Being? By Amy Billing and others, The Urban Institute (The Institute, Washington, DC) New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-46 (May 2002) 8 p.

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["The well-being of children living in kinship care is examined using two types of comparisons: children living with kin are compared with children living with their parents, and children in low-income relative and parent care households are compared. These findings suggest that systems might be further developed to provide support for families caring for relative children in schools, area offices for the aging, and local community organizations." HandsNet (May 31, 2002)]

[Request #S5158]

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Food Stamp Provisions Finalized. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 02-28. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 6, 2002. 4 p.

["The [Congressional] conference report reauthorizes the Food Stamp program...through the end of fiscal year (FY) 2007....[It contains many detail changes.]"]

[Request #S5159]

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Promoting the Emotional Well-Being of Children and Families. By the National Center for Children in Poverty. Policy Paper No. 2. (The Center, New York, New York) 2002. 29 p.

["This policy paper is about what child welfare agencies, courts, and other partners can do to improve the physical, developmental, and emotional health of young children in foster care. It highlights the special risks these children face and identifies strategies that service providers, courts, policymakers, and advocates can use to enhance the healthy development of young children in foster care."]

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Using the Internet to Make Work Pay for Low-Income Families. By Michael O'Connor, The Brookings Institution, Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Institution, Washington, DC) May 2002. 13 p.

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["This article reviews factors that contribute to declining participation rates in work support programs, and describes technology that can improve access while reducing administrative burdens. The article also identifies policy options for promoting the use of web-based eligibility assessment tools that should be considered as part of welfare reauthorization."]

[Request #S5161]

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Setting the Record Straight: Social Security Works for Latinos. By Bernard Wasow, The Social Security Network, The Century Foundation. (The Foundation, New York, New York) May 2002. 3 p.

Full Text at:

["This short piece looks at the erroneous claims that privatizers use to promote the belief that the privatization of Social Security is best for minorities in general and Latinos in particular." Moving Ideas (May 23, 2002).]

[Request #S5162]

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Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage Behaviors? By Robert Kaestner and June O'Neill, Baruch College/City University of New York (CUNY). Prepared for the National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper 8932. (The Bureau, Cambridge, Massachusetts) May 2002. 40 p.

["Welfare Reform Reforms Teens, Study Says: Welfare reform has reduced the birth rate among teenage women who are at the greatest risk of going on public assistance, cut their welfare use and lowered their school dropout rate.... The authors found that 28 percent of the 19-year-olds in the 1979 study group had given birth, compared with 19 percent in the 1997 group.... About 10 percent of these teens in the earlier study had received welfare, compared with 5 percent in the post-reform group." Washington Post (May 28, 2002) A15.]

[Request #S5163]

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Life Sentences: Denying Welfare Benefits to Women Convicted of Drug Offense. By Patricia Allard, The Sentencing Project. (The Project, Washngton, DC) 2002. 34 p.

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["Out of Jail and Out of Food: The study estimates that since the ban went into effect in 1996 92,000 women have been convicted of drug offenses in the states enforcing it. Of these, about two-thirds are mothers, with 135,000 children among them.... The only people hurt by this denial of benefits are the poor, which usually means a minor offender who is an addict and out of jail trying to make it." New York Times (March 21, 2002) 37.]

[Request #S5164]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Effects of Global Warming on Trout and Salmon in U.S. Streams. By Kirkman O'Neal, Abt Associates. Prepared for National Resources Defense Council and Defenders of Wildlife. (Defenders of Wildlife, Washington, DC) May 2002. 44 p.

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["Two of America's favorite sport fish -- trout and salmon -- are likely to disappear from many of the nation's rivers and streams due to rising water temperatures caused by global warming, a new study says.... Of the 110 California sites examined in the report that currently support trout, as many as 20 percent are expected to be too warm for the sport fish by 2030. For salmon, significant losses are predicted throughout their range, with the biggest impact likely in California." Sacramento Bee (May 22, 2002) A8.]

[Request #S5165]

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Protecting the American Homeland. By Michael E. O'Hanlon and others. Brookings Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2002. 188 p.

Full Text at:

["Brookings Institution Project on Homeland Security: Policy-makers concerned with homeland security must carefully balance the gains from deterring the number and severity of future terrorist attacks against the costs of the security measures.... The broad program we propose overlaps considerably with the Bush administration plan, but one-third differs in important ways." San Diego Union-Tribune (May 12, 2002) G6.]

[Request #S5166]

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Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance. By Harold Wilensky. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) July 2002. 941 p.

["Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, the author provides a detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront." NOTE: Rich Democracies ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S5167]

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