Subject: Studies in the News 02-67 (November 5, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   Poverty, AIDS and children's schooling
   Mexican Americans and segregated schooling
   Early care and education partnerships
   Components of early education
HEALTH
   Strengthening childhood development services
   Cost of health care for illegal immigrants
   Mental health services and support
   Mental health services for children
STUDIES TO COME
   Effects of standards on health care
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Poverty, AIDS and Children's Schooling: A Targeting Dilemma. By Martha Ainsworth and Deon Filmer, The World Bank. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2885. (The Bank, Washington, DC) 2002. 44 p.

Full Text at: econ.worldbank.org/files/18719_wps2885.pdf

["This working paper examines the relationship between orphan status, household wealth, and child school enrollment. Drawing on data collected in the 1990s from 28 different countries, the authors conclude that there are such divergent patterns within the data, that broad generalizations are almost impossible. One interesting finding was that the gap in school enrollment between female and male orphans was not that much different than the gap between girls and boys with living parents. In conclusion, they offer multiple policy programs to alleviate the plight of orphans, stating that "Policymakers need to resist the temptation to advocate a single 'best practice' model for all countries regardless of the extent or source of orphan enrollment differentials." "]

[Request #S6693]

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DISCRIMINATION

"South by Southwest: Mexican Americans and Segregated Schooling, 1900-1950." By Vicki L. Ruiz, Arizona State University. IN: OAH (Organization of American Historians) Magazine of History, vol. 15, no. 2 (Winter 2001) 8 p.

Full Text at: www.oah.org/pubs/magazine/deseg/ruiz.html#Anchor-Sout-30795

["At the dawning of the Great Depressions, "more than 80% of the school districts in southern California enrolled Mexicans and Mexican Americans in segregated schools" .... While Mexican American struggles for educational desegregation remain largely hidden from history, the case of Mendez v. Westminster (1946) helped pave the way for Brown v. Board of Education nearly a decade later."]

[Request #S6694]

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EARLY EDUCATION

Full-Day, Full-Year Early Care and Education Partnerships: Recommendations of the Collaborative Partners Work Group. By the California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2002. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.quilt.org/Home/pdfdocs/full-day%20full-year.pdf

["This report presents guidance and recommendations on partnership topics including models, challenges, principles, and fiscal policies."]

[Request #S6695]

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Early Childhood Research Quarterly. Vol. 17, No. 3. (The National Association for the Education of Young Children and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Norwood, New Jersey) 2002. pp. 279-414.

[Includes: "Are Critical Periods Critical for Early Childhood Education? The Role of Timing in Early Childhood Pedagogy;" "Children's Acquisition of Early Literacy Skills: Examining Family Contributions;" "Multidimensional Assessment of Emotional and Behavioral Adjustment Problems of Low-Income Preschool Children: Development and Initial Validation;" and others. NOTE: Early Childhood Research Quarterly is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S6696]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Reasons and Strategies for Strengthening Childhood Development Services in the Healthcare System. By Karen VanLandeghem and others. (The Commonwealth Fund, Washington, DC) October 2002. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/child/vanlandeghem_nashp_O03.pdf

["This report outlines concrete steps that states can take to help strengthen child development services, highlighting innovative practices in Arizona, California, Kentucky, Maine, North Carolina, and Washington. It encourages states to work more closely with primary pediatric providers to help identify at-risk children, counsel parents, and refer children with serious behavioral and developmental problems for additional social services in the community. It also presents recent research that documents the effectiveness of child development services."]

[Request #S6697]

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IMMIGRATION & IMMIGRANTS

Medical Emergency: Cost of Uncompensated Care in Southwest Border Counties. By MGT of America. Prepared for The United States / Mexican Border Counties Coalition. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) September 2002. 168 p.

Full Text at: www.bordercounties.org/vertical/Sites/{B4A0F1FF-7823-4C95-8D7A-F5E400063C73}/uploads/{FAC57FA3-B310-4418-B2E7-B68A89976DC1}.PDF

[“Communities along the nation’s Southwest border are spending more than $200 million a year to provide health care for illegal immigrants …. This report provides the most detailed estimates yet for an expense that officials say is straining hospitals and forcing some to shut down emergency and trauma services. Under federal law, hospitals are required to provide emergency care for anyone who seeks it, regardless of immigration status or ability to pay. The mandate hits hardest in the 24 border counties of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California.” San Francisco Chronicle (September 27, 2002) A5.]

[Request #S6698]

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MENTAL HEALTH

The Well Being of Our Nation: An Inter-Generational Vision of Effective Mental Health Services and Supports. By National Council on Disability. (The Council, Washington, DC) September 2002. Various Pagings.

Full Text at: www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/mentalhealth.html

["The U.S. mental health system is in crisis, unable to provide even the most basic services to people with psychiatric disabilities, according to a report. The report ... provides an overview of the current state of public systems providing mental health services to children, adults and seniors. Its main conclusion : too much emphasis on medicating people instead of fostering ways to help then lead productive lives." San Francisco Chronicle (September 17, 2002) A4.]

[Request #S6699]

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Mental Health Services: Effectiveness of Insurance Coverage and Federal Programs for Children Who Have Experienced Trauma Largely Unknown. By U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-02-813. (The Office, Washington, DC) August 2002. 114 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-02-813

["The 16 percent of children, or over 12 million, who are enrolled in Medicaid and SCHIP public insurance programs generally have coverage for a wide range of mental health benefits, and those enrolled in Medicaid are not subject to day or visit restrictions.... In states that model their SCHIP programs on private insurance plans rather than Medicaid, children may face day or visit limits, as in California and Utah. In addition, certain other factors, such as the availability of providers willing to participate in the Medicaid program or cost-sharing requirements of SCHIIP, could also constrain the ability of some children to obtain needed services."]

[Request #S6700]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH CARE REFORM

"Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Health Care for Racial or Ethnic Minorities: Analysis of the U.S. Office of Minority Health's Recommended Standards." By Y Shaw-Taylor. IN: Health Policy, vol. 62 (2002) pp. 211-221.

["This article presents the U.S. Office of Minority Health's recommended standards for culturally and linguistically competent health care delivery and discusses the impact of these standards on health care organizations. The author discusses this impact in terms of structural requirements, process requirements, and outcome expectations. Maternal and Child Health Alert (October 11, 2002).]

[Request #S6701]

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