Subject: Studies in the News 02-71 (November 22, 2002)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

November 26, 1852 - "Series of earthquakes in the lower part of the state lasted several days. A severe earthquake created a fissure a half mile wide and three hundred yards long through which the waters of Lake Merced flowed to the sea. "  www.sfmuseum.org/hist/chron3.html  

November 1852 - "A series of strong shocks was felt across southern California in November of 1852, from Baja California to San Luis Obispo, but the relation between these earthquakes (if indeed there were several strong shocks) is unknown. … Shaking near Fort Yuma was quite strong, and part of Chimney Peak was thrown down. Shaking was felt in San Diego, lasting perhaps a minute or two."  www.scecdc.scec.org/volcanol.html  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Economic forecast for Southern California
CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Supreme Court rebukes 9th Circuit on death penalty
   Forced DNA test unconstitutional
   Sale of handguns in California
   Biometrics technologies
   Loophole in predators act
   Youth-violence prevention programs
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Latino electorate
ECONOMY
   State-by-state analysis of the aerospace industry
   Genetically engineered crops and federal oversight
   California's bioscience industries
   Imported fruit for irradiation rules
EDUCATION
   Class size reduction in California
   Policy initiatives and childrens' development
   Minority enrollments in colleges
   UC admissions policy
ENERGY
   Energy efficiency in schools
   FERC oversight
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Smart growth and metropolis
   Regional livability strategies
   Poll of attitudes on land use
   Herbicides effects on frogs
   California's impaired water bodies
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Congress passes election reform
   California law and Indian sovereignty
   Fundamental voting changes proposed
   Homeland supplemental funding
   Federal grant update
   Youthful conservatism
   Deficit looms in California
   Transportation finance
   Low-voter turnout
HEALTH
   Ecstasy drug use
   Increase health insurance costs
   Sacramento area hospital costs
   Federal grants for immunization
   Disparities in childhood immunization rates
   Health care for psychiatric disorder
   Nursing home databases
   Vaccination and autism
HOUSING
   California's affordable housing crisis
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child support rights
   Government services for children
   Foster care adoption assistance
   Employment outcomes foster care youth
   Low-income Californians and hunger
   Child welfare allotment percentages
WASHINGTON READER
   Bipartisan California delegations
STUDIES TO COME
   Technology, food safety and the environment
   Climate change policy after Kyoto
   Public policy recommendations
   Medication errors and hospitals
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CALIFORNIA READER

CALIFORNIA READER

Economic Forecast for Southern California and Orange County. By Anil K. Puri, Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies, College of Business and Economics, California State University, Fullerton. Presented to the Eighth Annual Economic Forecast Conference. (The Institute, Fullerton, California) October 4, 2002. 48 p.

["Experts See Job Growth Returning to Orange County Next Year: Overall, Orange County employers are expected to create 14,400 jobs next year, equal to a 1.0 percent growth rate.... The Fullerton forecast projects a 2.9 percent increase in the U.S. gross national product next year, up from an expected 2.5 percent this year." Orange County Register (October 24, 2002) 1.]

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DEATH PENALTY

Woodford v. Visciotti. 02-137. And Early v. Packer. 01-1765. U.S. Supreme Court. November 4, 2002. Various pagings

["The U.S. Supreme Court rebuked the federal appeals court in California for having wrongly ruled in favor of two Los Angeles-area murderers who had appealed their convictions.... The justices said the federal judges in California had exceeded their authority by second-guessing a state court.... State prosecutors said that they were pleased with the decisions and that they could speed the way to carrying out the death penalty." Los Angeles Times (November 5, 2002) B1.]

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DNA

USA v. Danny Miles. U.S. District Court, Eastern District of California. S-95-325 WBS. October 31, 2002. 22 p.

Full Text at: 207.41.18.73/caed/DOCUMENTS/Opinions/Shubb/95-325.pdf

["In the first ruling of its kind, a Sacramento judge has found unconstitutional a recent law allowing forced DNA testing of federal probationers with violent felonies, but who are not subjects of current criminal investigations.... His ruling did not address collection of DNA from federal prisoners, which is allowed under the law." Sacramento Bee (November 7, 2002) A1.]

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FIREARMS

Handgun Commerce in California. By Barbara Claire and others, University of California at Davis, Violence Prevention Research Program. (The Program, Davis, California) 2002. 100 p.

Full Text at: web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/vprp/Hgcomm99.pdf

["U.C. Davis has released a report providing the first complete description of how more than 200,000 handguns are sold legally in California each year. The study, which includes state, county, and city data, is designed to help policymakers identify trends and develop strategies to reduce gun-related violence." The Future of Children Newsletter (November 4, 2002)]

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PRIVACY & SECURITY

Human Bar Code: Monitoring Biometric Technologies in a Free Society. By Clyde Wayne Crews, The Cato Institute. Policy Analysis No. 452. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 17, 2002. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa452.pdf

["The proliferation of biometric technologies raises new and challenging questions in a society that enshrines privacy and liberty. Biometrics can either enhance or undermine our liberties depending on their uses. A framework is needed by which we may resolve issues pertaining to proper and legitimate deployment.... Most fundamentally, governments should not force citizens to submit to biometric identification."]

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SEXUAL OFFENDERS

"In Search of An Escape Clause." Edited by Martin Lasden. IN: California Lawyer, vol. 22, no. 9 (September 2002) pp. 11, 14.

["California's Sexually Violent Predators Act Betrays a Curious Loophole: California's Sexually Violent Predators Act was designed to keep [predators] off the streets.... But the very law ... [which put them] into a facility included no penalty for trying to escape."]

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YOUTH

California Youth Violence Prevention Report Card. By Choices for Youth. (Choices, San Francisco, California) November 2002. 39 p.

Full Text at: www.preventviolence.org/download/Score11_8.pdf

[“Despite significant investments in youth-violence prevention over the last five years, California’s largest counties are earning poor grades when it comes to the number of children those programs are reaching, according to a report…. Grades were assigned to each county in two categories: Youth safety in their own communities and youth access to violence-prevention programs, including after-school clubs, mentors, job training and other programs specifically designed to reduce youth violence.” Sacramento Bee (November 13, 2002) A3.]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

LATINOS

The Latino Population and the Latino Electorate: The Numbers Differ. By the Pew Hispanic Center and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Summary and Chartpack; Toplines and Fact Sheet. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 3, 2002. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/latino_fact_sheet_final.pdf

["Inconsistency of Hispanic Vote Troubles Parties: Hispanic voters are alluring to politicians but difficult to typecast, a major study has found.... While largely registering as Democrats, Hispanic voters are ideologically ambivalent, according to the study.... Nearly 11 million California residents, about one-third of the state's total, are identified as Hispanic or Latino." Modesto Bee (October 7, 2002) 1.]

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ECONOMY

AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

U.S. Aerospace and Aviation Industry: A State-by-State Analysis. By the Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry. (The Commission, Arlington, Virginia) October 2002. 111 p.

Full Text at: www.spaceref.com/redirecth.html?id=0&url=http://www.aerospacecommission.gov

["The U.S. aerospace industry shed 15,000 space-related jobs between 1996 and 2001, according to figures by a U.S. government panel examining the future of the American aerospace industry.... California was the leading state for employment in four out of six industry segments, including guided missiles, space manufacturing and satellite communications." Space News (November 4, 2002) 15.]

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AGRICULTURE

"Who's Minding the Pharm?" By Margaret Mellon. IN: Catalyst: The Magazine of the Union of Concerned Scientists, vol. 1, no. 2. (Fall 2002) pp. 2-6.

["Agricultural biotechnology is entering a new age in which field crops are being turned into biological factories that yield drugs and industrial chemicals. These pharm crops promise great benefits as well as some potential risks. This article explores the measures in place to ensure that the former outweigh the latter."]

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BIOINDUSTRY

California's Bioscience Industries: Overview and Policy Issues. By Dan Pollak, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB 02-015. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) October 2002. 98 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/02/15/02-015.pdf

["The bioscience industries use cutting-edge knowledge and techniques from the life sciences to create commercial products and services.... The advance of the biosciences causes concern, even fear, in some quarters, leading to controversies and calls for caution. The goal of this report is to provide an overview of California's bioscience industries, and to outline the actual and potential role of state policy with respect to these industries."]

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FOOD INDUSTRY

"Irradiation Phytosanitary Treatment of Imported Fruits and Vegetables. By The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. IN: Federal Register, vol. 67, no. 205 (October 23, 2002) pp. 65016-65029.

Full Text at: frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2002_register&docid=02-27027-filed.pdf

["Irradiated Food Gets Thumbs-Up From USDA: The move will mean a big jump in the amount of irradiated foods available to U.S. consumers.... Irradiated fruits and vegetables make up some 40 percent of the produce consumed in this country. That added up to an estimated $39 billion last year." San Francisco Chronicle (October 22, 2002) 1.]

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EDUCATION

CLASS SIZE REDUCTION

What We Have Learned About K-3 Class Size Reduction in California. By George E. Bohrnstedt and Brian M. Stecher, EdSource Incorporated. (EdSource, Palo Alto, California) 2002. 198 p.

Full Text at: www.classize.org/techreport/index-02.htm

["The mid-1990's found California worried about the education its students were receiving. Standardized tests provided evidence that the state's students were losing ground compared to their counterparts across the country.... A task force assembled by the California Department of Education called for various reforms, among which smaller classes was strongly favored not only by the teachers' unions, but also by parents and teachers."]

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EARLY EDUCATION

A New Path for Our Youngest Children: A White Paper on State Government Leadership, Policy, and Services for Children. By Public Sector Consultants for the Michigan Ready to Succeed Partnership. (The Partnership, Detroit, Michigan) October 2002. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.readytosucceed.org/publications/whitepaper/RTSP_White_Paper.pdf

["The report indicates that state government must take a stronger role in getting positive results for children. It urges Michigan's government to work toward developing policy initiatives for early education and care that would better prepare young children to succeed in both school and life." The National Institute for Early Education Research, Rutgers, NIEER) Online News (November 9, 2002).]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

"The Progress of Black Student Enrollments at the Nation's Highest-Ranked Colleges and Universities." IN: The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, Issue 37 (Autumn 2002) pp. 8-14.

Full Text at: http://http://www.jbhe.com/latest/37_admissions_survey.html

["The leading schools in the survey were Duke University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Stanford University. The 2002 freshman class at these three schools was more than 10 percent black. The survey also found black enrollments declined this year by 6.6 percent at the University of California, Berkeley." San Francisco Chronicle (November 4, 2002) A5.]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

First-Year Implementation of Comprehensive Review in Freshman Admissions: A Progress Report. By the Board of Admissions and Relations with Schools. Presented to the Committee on Educational Policy, Office of the President, University of California. (The Office, Oakland, California) November 2002. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.ucop.edu/regents/regmeet/nov02/302attach.pdf

["Academic Standards Unchanged under New UC Admissions Policy; Report Also Finds Little Change in Ethnic Makeup: The report shows that grades and test scores of newly admitted students were essentially not affected by the policy in the first year.... The new admissions policy [asks] the campuses to consider not only academics but extracurricular activities and life challenges for all applicants." San Francisco Chronicle (November 7, 2002) A21.]

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ENERGY

Energy Efficiency in Schools: State Incentive Options. By Christie Rewey, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 39. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 2002. 2 p.

["Many states have enacted incentives to help school districts reduce their exposure to volatile energy prices and save money by using energy more efficiently.... Higher up-front costs have often prevented school districts from purchasing energy-efficient products and design services. To overcome this price barrier, several legislatures have established funds to assist schools."]

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ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Committee Staff Investigation of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Oversight of Enron Corp. By the Majority Staff of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. (The Committee, Washington, DC) November 12, 2002. 51 p.

Full Text at: www.senate.gov/~gov_affairs/111202fercmemo.pdf

["The nation's chief energy watchdogs were guilty of a 'shocking absence of regulatory vigilance' in failing to police market abuses by Enron Corp., including allegations that the Houston firm manipulated prices during the California energy crisis, according to a Senate report.... The report ... was released as FERC Chairman Patrick Wood and other members of the commission were preparing to testify before the committee on FERC's role in overseeing Enron." San Francisco Chronicle (November 12, 2002) A13.]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

GROWTH MANAGEMENT

Smart Growth: The Future of the American Metropolis? By Bruce Katz. (The London School of Economics, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London, Great Britain) 2002. 36 p.

Full Text at: sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/casepaper58.pdf

["This essay reviews the current state of smart-growth and metropolitan thinking in the United States.... It describes how current government policies facilitate the excessive decentralization of people and jobs and how smart-growth reforms are being enacted, particularly at the state level, to shape new, more urban-friendly, growth patterns. The review concludes by identifying the key challenges the smart-growth movement needs to address if it is going to succeed in shaping sustainable metropolitan communities." The Brookings Institution's Moving Ideas Listserv (November 6, 2002).]

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Smart Growth Strategy: Shaping the Future of the Nine-County Bay Area: Final Report. By The Regional Livibility Footprint Project, Association of Bay Area Governments. (The Association, Oakland, California) October 17, 2002. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.abag.ca.gov/planning/smartgrowth/Final/SmartGrowthRpt_final.pdf

["The Smart Growth Strategy/Regional Livability Footprint Project aims to change the underlying fiscal and regulatory structure that is at the root of current growth patterns.... Examples of how current growth patterns can change and how regional agencies and state and federal governments can support more sustainable land-use decisions constitute the heart of this report."]

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LAND USE

Special Survey on Land Use. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) November 2002. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/publications/CalSurvey32/survey32.pdf

["For the second straight year, an overwhelming number of Californians told pollsters they prefer to drive alone to work and live in a single-family home.... Advocates of more mixed development say Californians haven't seen enough good examples of compact urban living that emphasizes walking over driving.... Home builders say the survey bolsters their arguments against local and state moves to push most new development into older cities." San Jose Mercury News (November 14, 2002) A21.]

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PESTICIDES

"Herbicides: Feminization of Male Frogs in the Wild." By Tyrone Hayes and others. IN: Nature, vol. 419, no. 6910 (October 31, 2002) pp. 895.

["The most widely used pesticide in the United States appears to be causing developmental defects in a common Midwestern frog according to a study.... The researchers say they found high numbers of feminized male frogs in watersheds even slightly contaminated with altazine.... [Researchers] speculate that lower doses of the chemical may actually be more harmful that higher doses. Heavy exposure may trigger biological defenses ... that allow the frogs to adapt, and in some cases thrive in watersheds contaminated with concentrated farm runoff." San Francisco Chronicle (October 31, 2002) A2.]

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WATER QUALITY

Revision of the Clean Water Act Section 303(d) List of Water Quality Limited Segments: Draft Final Staff Report. And Proposed 2002 CWA section 303(d) List of Water Quality Limited Segments. By the State Water Resources Control Board. (The Board, Sacramento, California) October 2002.

["The state's list of 'impaired' water bodies is a sharp-edged regulatory tool capable of changing the landscape. In effect, it's a priority list required by the federal Clean Water Act for cleaning up hundreds of California's polluted water bodies over the next decade and beyond." San Diego Union-Tribune (October 29, 2002) B1.]

Draft Final Staff Report. 270 p.
http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/tmdl/docs/staff_report_303d_vol1_101502.pdf

List of Water Quality Limited Segments. 194 p.
http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/tmdl/docs/draft_2002_cwa303d_list_101502%20.pdf

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

CAMPAIGN FINANCING

Congress Passes Election Reform Legislation. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 02-56. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 21, 2002. 5. p.

["H.R. 3295 establishes election standards that must be adhered to by every state, while also authorizing federal funding to help states meet those standards....This Issue Brief outlines the new state election requirements and provides a state-by-state breakdown of authorized funding, the bill mandates that states must give voters an opportunity to check for and correct ballot errors in private.... States also must have a system with a manual audit capacity."]

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Fair Political Practices Commission v. Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. Sacramento County Superior Court. 02AS04545. Second Amended Complaint for Civil Penalties. October 29, 2002. Various pagings.

["In a showdown that pits California law against Indian sovereignty, the state's political watchdog agency has started suing tribes that do not file reports disclosing hefty campaign donations to candidates and ballot measures. The lawsuits mark the first time the State Fair Political Practices Commission has gone to court to challenge claims by some Indian tribes -- whose political clout has soared along with revenue from their Nevada-style casinos -- that they are exempt from campaign spending laws." San Francisco Chronicle (November 2, 2002) A3.]

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ELECTION REFORM

"Election Selection: Are We Using the Worst Voting Procedure?" By Erica Klarreich. IN: Science News, vol. 162, no. 18 (November 2, 2002) pp.280+.

Full Text at: www.sciencenews.org/20021102/bob8.asp

["While attention is focused on familiar irregularities, a much more serious problem is being neglected: the fundamental flaws of the voting procedure itself.... Voting theorists argue that plurality voting is one of the worst possible choices.... Other voting systems abound ... One alternative is the instant runoff, a procedure used in Australia and Ireland.... Another is the Borda count, a point system.... A third is approval voting, used by several scientific societies, in which participants may cast votes for as many of the candidates as they choose."]

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FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY [FEMA]

FEMA Releases Homeland Supplemental Funding Guidance. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 02-59. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 6, 2002. 2. p.

["This program makes $100 million available to state and local governments for hazard operation planning....The program does not require a state match and will be distributed among the states based on relative population. Every state is required to pass at least 75% of its funds on to local governments."]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant, 02-10. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 24, 2002. 4. p.

["Includes: "Public Telecommunications Facilities Program;" "Nursing Workforce Diversity Grants;" "Public Health Traineeships;" "Traumatic Brain Injury State Implementation Grants," "National Brownfields Assessment: Revolving Loan Fund and Cleanup Grants;" and others.]

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POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Concerns, Policy Preferences, and the Evaluations of National Leaders: Results from the Public Agendas and Citizen Engagement Survey (PACES): Executive Summary. By J. Merrill Shanks and others, Survey Research Center, University of California, Berkeley. Prepared for the Public Policy Program, Pew Charitable Trusts. (The Trusts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) September 23, 2002. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/pp_paces.pdf

["Youthful Conservatism: Baby Boomers' Kids Take Right Turn on Prayer in School, Abortion, Survey Says: High-school and college-age youth show stronger support than their parents' generation for school prayer, federal aid to faith-based charities, religious conservatives, and government restriction of abortion, according to the survey." San Francisco Chronicle (September 25, 2002) A3.]

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STATE BUDGET

California's Fiscal Outlook: LAO Projections, 2002-2003 Through 2007-08. By the Legislative Analyst's Office.(The Office, Sacramento, California) November 14, 2002. 46 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2002/fiscal_outlook/fiscal_outlook_2002.pdf

["Lawmakers thought they had closed a $24 billion shortfall with a budget that largely protected schools, senior programs, public safety and children's health care using a combination of cuts, borrowing and account shifts that aren't available next year. In reality, Legislative Analyst, Elizabeth Hill says this year's budget will come up $6 billion short in revenues, and another $15 billion shortfall looms next year." San Francisco Chronicle (November 15, 2002) A21.]

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STATE TAXES

Local Transportation Sales Taxes: California's Experiment in Transportation Finance. By Amber Crabbe and others, California Policy Research Center, University of California (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2002. 53 p.

Full Text at: www.ucop.edu/cprc/ltstrpt.pdf

["In the mid-1980s, the California legislature began authorizing sales taxes for transportation projects in individual counties.... As many of these measures approach their expiration dates, and come up for reauthorization, California faces critical decisions about the role these taxes should play in transportation finance over the coming decades.... To provide some perspective on their benefits and limitations, we undertook an examination of their contributions to transportation improvements and their implications for transportation decision-making."]

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VOTERS & VOTING

Claiming our Democracy: Recommendations for Campaign Finance Reform to Instill Accountability, Equality and Justice. By the Greenlining Institute. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2002. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.greenlining.org/research/reports/campaign-fin-reform-report.pdf

["Low Voter Turnout Called Civil Rights Problem: The Greenlining Institute … asked groups of California voters about their views of the political system. 'Almost without exception California voters believe that wealthy people, corporations and special interests call the shots in American politics,' according to the report on the interviews." San Francisco Chronicle (November 13, 2002) A4.]

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HEALTH

DRUG USE

Annual Report 2001-2002. By Partnership For a Drug Free America. (The Partnership, New York, New York) 2002. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.drugfreeamerica.org/acrobat/PDFA_Annual_Report_2001_2002.pdf

[“While ecstasy increasingly becomes a favored drug among teens, only 1 percent of U.S. parents believe their child has ever tried the drug according … to a report. The survey … found … 92 percent of parents were aware of ecstasy drug, nearly half would not recognize its effects on their children.” San Francisco Chronicle (October 22, 2002) A4.]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

The $2 Billion Question: Providing Health Insurance for State Employees and Retirees. By the Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) November 6, 2002. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2002/health_insurance/110602_health_insurance.pdf

["California Public Employees Retirement System, or CalPERS, reported that its premiums would rise an average of 25% next year. The system provides retirement and health benefits to 1.3 million state and local public employees and their families. CalPERS is the second largest buyer of health insurance in the nation and its health-care costs generally provide a good forecast for what's in store for other employers." Fresno Bee(September 22. 2002) C1.]

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HOSPITAL COSTS

Region Feels Pain of High Hospital Bills: Rates Top State's Other Big Urban Areas. And Workers Feel Pinch: Firms Offer Fewer Benefits - At Higher Price. By Lisa Rapaport. IN: Sacramento Bee. November 10-11, 2002. p.A1+

["Hospitals in the Sacramento region charge more to treat most common injuries and illnesses than hospitals in California's other major metropolitan areas, leaving many patients here with higher medical bills, a Bee analysis of health plan billing records and hospital financial documents has found."]

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IMMUNIZATIONS

Growth in Federal Grants for Immunization. By the Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 02-58. (FFIS Washington, DC) November 7, 2002. 4. p.

["The supply of vaccines has been identified as a national challenge, both for standard childhood immunization and potential homeland security issues.... Over the past decade, changes in federal law and in the structure of American medicine have altered the world of immunization. Fewer than half the states now contribute more than 10% of government vaccine costs and only 10 states contribute more than 50%."]

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"Reducing Geographic, Racial, and Ethnic Disparities in Childhood Immunization Rates by Using Reminder/Recall Interventions in Urban Primary Care Practices." By Peter G. Szilagyi, Department of Pediatrics and Strong Children’s Research Center, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, and others. IN: Pediatrics, Vol. 110, No. 5 (November 2002) p.e58.

Full Text at: www.pediatrics.org/cgi/reprint/110/5/e58.pdf

["Disparities in US childhood immunization rates persist, with inner-city, black, and Hispanic children having lower rates.... This study found that a systematic community-wide intervention of patient reminder, recall, outreach system raised childhood immunization rates ... and was associated with marked reductions in disparities in immunization rates between inner-city and suburban children and among racial and ethnic minority populations."]

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MENTAL HEALTH

"The Demons of Childhood: Young Brains Break. Then Comes the Broken Care System." By Marianne Szegedy-Maszak. IN: U.S. News and World Report (November 11, 2002). 8 p.

["According to this article, the symptoms of a 'broken care system' - misdiagnosis, revolving medications, lack of beds and uncooperative insurance - compound the difficulties of the estimated one in five children and teens with a diagnosable psychiatric disorder in the U.S." Connect for Kids Weekly (November 12, 2002)]

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NURSING HOMES

Nursing Home Compared. By Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (The Department, Washington, DC) And California Nursing Home Search. By the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, and others. (California Healthcare Foundation, Oakland, California) October 2002. Various pagings

["People can now obtain information from the Internet on the quality and defects on all 17,000 nursing homes in the United states, part of a new government effort to give families tools to make better decisions for loved ones....The California Health Care Foundation opened a site with similar detailed information on the nearly 1,400 accredited nursing homes in California." San Francisco Chronicle (November 13, 2002) A2.]

Nursing Home Compare
http://www.medicare.gov/NHCompare/Home.asp

California Nursing Home Search
http://www.calnhs.org/

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VACCINES

"A Population-Based Study Of Measles, Mumps, and Rebella Vaccination and Autism." By Kreesten Meldgaard Madsen and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, no. 19 (November 7, 2002) pp. 1477-1482.

["A study of 500,000 Danish children has found no link between receiving the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and developing the devastating childhood disorder known as autism.... Although the study is from Denmark, it is relevant for the United States.... The two countries use the same MMR vaccine and use very similar medical criteria for diagnosing autistic children." Los Angles Times (November 7, 2002) P16.]

[Request #S6796]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Locked Out 2002: California's Affordable Housing Crisis Continues. By California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) October 2002. 34 p.

Full Text at: http://www.cbp.org/2002/LockedOut2002.pdf

["Awareness of California's affordable housing crisis had increased exponentially in recent years as home prices and rents have skyrocketed in most areas of the state, in many cases locking even middle-income families out of the housing market. For low-income families, the implications are even more severe, as families may be forced to forgo basic necessities or live in substandard or overcrowded conditions in order to afford shelter."]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD SUPPORT

If You Don't Know There's a Problem, How Can You Find a Solution?: The Need for Notice and Hearing Rights in Child Support Distribution Cases. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) September 2002. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1035575839.49/Due_Process.pdf

["Many states follow neither the letter nor the spirit of the law, leaving custodial parents with little or no information about how their child support payments are being handled. This paper offers guidance for advocates to help their clients obtain their rights." Moving Ideas (October 31, 2002)]

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CHILDREN

A New Path For Our Youngest Children: A White Paper on State Government Leadership, Policy, and Services for Children. By Public Sector Consultants. Prepared for the Michigan Ready to Succeed Partnership. (The Consultants, Lansing, Michigan) October 2002. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.readytosucceed.org/publications/whitepaper/RTSP_White_Paper.pdf

["In this paper, the Michigan Ready to Succeed Partnership urges state government to focus on positive outcomes for children and take the lead in turning existing health, social and education programs and financing mechanisms into a system that supports young children and families." Connect for Kids Weekly (November 4, 2002)]

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FOSTER CARE

Growth in the Adoption Population. By Fred Wulczyn and Kristin Brunner Hislop, the Chapin Hall Center for Children, University of Chicago. (The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC)

Full Text at: aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/fostercare-issues02/adoption/index.htm

["The adoption population will continue to be larger than the foster care population well into the future (unless there are dramatic changes in the number of foster care admissions).... Conclusion and implications from this study include: demand for services to support adoptive families should grow at a rate commensurate with the changing trends in foster care and adoption; state agencies and the federal government will have to allocate greater resources to children adopted from foster care in order to support permanency and well-being." National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information's Children's Bureau Express (November 8, 2002) online.]

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Employment Outcomes for Youth Aging out of Foster Care. By Robert M. George, Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago, and others. (The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC) 2002. 25 p.

Full Text at: aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/fostercare-agingout02

["This study finds that youth aging out of foster care are underemployed and progress more slowly in the labor market than other youth. The study focused on youth exiting foster care near their 18th birthdays in California, Illinois, and South Carolina during a 13-quarter time period in the mid-1990s.... The results are also compared to youth that were reunified with their parents prior to their 18th birthday as well as to low-income youth." National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information's Children's Bureau Express (November 8, 2002.

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HUNGER

Over 2.2 Million Low-Income California Adults are Food Insecure; 658,000 Suffer Hunger. By Gail G. Harrison and others. UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) November 2002. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.healthpolicy.ucla.edu/publications/foodsecurity_112002.pdf

[“More than 2.24 million low-income Californians cannot always put food on the table, and one in three have experienced hunger, according to a new survey…. Hunger and food shortages often are the result of job layoffs or illness and pose serious health risks…. The survey found that statewide, 28 percent of adults who make more than $36,000 a year for a family of four – that is, those earning twice the poverty level -- struggle to put food on the table…. The survey found that poverty and hunger hit the most vulnerable populations, including pregnant women, the elderly, undocumented residents and single-parent families.” Associated Press (November 4, 2002) 1.]

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WELFARE

HHS Releases Child Welfare Allotment Percentages. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 02-57. (FFIS, Washington, DC) November 6, 2002. 4. p.

["This Issue Brief provides the allotment percentages and calculates their potential impact on child welfare allocations.... The overall purpose of the program is to strengthen the family, prevent family break-up and enable children to remain in the home. State services include preventive intervention, reunification and development of alternative placements if children cannot remain at home."]

[Request #S6803]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute For Federal Policy Research. Vol. 9, Bulletin 30-31 (October 30 - November 14, 2002). Various pagings

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/bull931.pdf

[Includes: "Bipartisan California Delegation Unites to Preserve California Heritage;" "Raisin/Grape Crisis Spurs Call For Federal Aid;" "Transportation Leaders Unhappy About Highway Funding Levels;" "Welfare Renewal Postponed;" "Tech Industry Responds To Proposed Stock Options Rule;" "NASA to Restructure Manned Space Transportation Plans" [and others.]]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Bountiful Harvest: Technology, Food Safety, and the Environment. By Thomas R. DeGregori. (Cato Institute, Washington, DC) 2002. 262 p.

["Arguing that pro-technology is pro-people, Thomas R. DeGregori, professor of economics at the University of Houston, turns a close eye on what he calls the 'fads and phobias' of the anti-technology lobby, the fashionable environmentalists, and the green consumerists. In this provocative work, Prof. DeGregori explores many of the revolutionary technological advances of the past century, especially those in agriculture, like the development of bioengineered foods. He demonstrates that such technology has increased the average lifespan and improved our well-being." Cato Press Release (September 25, 2002) 1.]

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GLOBAL WARMING

Climate Change Policy After Kyoto: A Blueprint for a Realistic Approach. By Warwick J. McKibbin and Peter Wilcoxen. (Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DC) 2002. 225 p.

["The book summarizes the current state of knowledge about climate change and discusses the history of negotiations since 1992 -- in the process identifying the Kyoto Protocol as the wrong approach to the problem. It outlines important insights that economic theory offers for the design of climate policy, and uses those insights to develop a simple framework that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions while guaranteeing that short-run costs of compliance will not be excessive." Publisher's announcement.]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

POLITICS & PUBLIC POLICY

Cato Handbook for Congress: Policy Recommendations for the 108th Congress. By The Cato Institute (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2002. 680 p.

Full Text at: www.cato.org/pubs/handbook/handbook107.html

["As Cato's fiscal policy director Chris Edwards winds up his dismaying chapter on fiscal policy in the Cato Handbook: 'Both Congress and the Administration must end their shortsighted jostling for more taxpayer cash. Not only is the government running huge deficits again, but the looming explosion in entitlement costs demands that all aspects of the federal spending empire be overhauled.'" Washington Times (November 5, 2002) A16.]

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HEALTH

HOSPITALS

"Medication Errors Observed in 36 Health Care Facilities. Kenneth N. Barker and others." IN: Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162 no. 16 (September 9, 2002) pp. 1897-1903.

[“An average of more than 40 potentially harmful drug errors per day were found in hospitals in a new study…. The most common errors were giving hospitalized patients medication at the wrong time or not at all…. Errors occurred in nearly 1 out of 5 doses in a typical, 300-bed hospital, which translates to about two errors per patient daily. Seven percent of the errors were considered potentially harmful.” San Francisco Chronicle (September 9, 2002) A7.]

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