Subject: Studies in the News 03-4 (January 24, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "The Legislature named John B. Trask, a medical practitioner and active member of the California Academy of Sciences, as Honorary State Geologist. In 1853 the Legislature passed a joint resolution asking him for geological information about the state. He submitted a report "On the Geology of the Sierra Nevada, or California Range." About two months later, the Legislature created the first California Geological Survey headed by Trask, who retained the title of State Geologist. "  

1853 - "Early newspapers do report the adventures of a bandit named Joaquin, but only from January to March of 1853. Harry Love, a former Texas ranger, was hired by the California Legislature in 1853 to hunt Joaquin down. He was paid $150 a month and had a chance to receive $5000 reward money. When he and his band caught up with the outlaw group, they slayed the desperado after a ferocious gunfight. Love cut off Joaquin's head and returned to claim the reward, with the grisly evidence pickled in a keg of brandy. Some doubt that the head was really that of Murieta, and the remains were never taken to the area where he was frequently seen. It is thought, too, that Love made up the last name "Murieta". "  

Contents This Week

   Police liability and unattended minors
   State DUI fatality rates
   Juvenile confinement conditions
   Parole in America
   Offender risk assessment
   New terrorism crimes and penalties
   Models for a state historic preservation program
   Profiles of cultural support
   Laws affecting gay, lesbian, bisexual & transgender families
   Affirmative action and immigration policy
   Public opinion on immigration
   Antibiotic use in livestock
   Presidential and Democratic economic plans
   Slot machines and video games
   Trade with Cuba
   New economy
   Media arts industry
   State and local government and globalization
   Science education reform
   Competitive academic arena
   School based drug prevention
   Ratepayers obligated to pay for energy contracts
   Cal ISO report on Enron strategies
   Electricity requirements for a digital society
   Integrated energy policy
   Consultants push municipal-owned utilities
   Refineries are source of air pollution
   Better directions for clean air
   Court finds Coastal Commission unconstitutional
   Fish kills on the Klamath River
   Timber harvesting and water quality
   Imperial Irrigation sues Interior Department
   Economic effect of Klamath crisis
   Statewide fingerprinting imaging system
   Gerrymandering and the courts
   Biometrics and border security
   Border security and tourism
   Competitive grant funds
   Infrastructure protection
   Disparity in budget deficit
   Governor's budget proposal
   Attorney General sues drug companies
   Child obesity
   Evaluating local readiness
   Promoting walking and biking
   Two types of terrorist incidents
   Rural emergency medical services
   Curbing costs of tobacco use
   Incarcerated fathers
   Working fathers
   Foster care
   Supports for low-income families
   TANF Policies affecting microenterprise
   Booster seats
   California transportation profile
   Ferry transit service and environment
   Transportation funding
   Capitol Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Year-end report on federal judiciary
   Research and development funding
   Problems for ski resorts
   Child welfare and juvenile justice
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Police Liability for Harm to Unattended Minors Following Parental Arrest. By Carolyn Leary, Public Law Research Institute, UC Hastings College of the Law. PLRI Issue Brief. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) December 2002. 4 p.

["Current law fails to ensure the consistent treatment of the dependent children of arrested parents. Many different types of police procedures would help to ensure the safety and well-being of the children of arrested parents.... A narrowly tailored duty [to protect a child]can attain the twin aims of protecting the well being of arrestees' children and shielding law enforcement from undue liability,"]

[Request #S7143]

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State Alcohol Related Fatality Rates: Technical Report. By the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. DOT HS 809 528 (National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Washington, DC) December 2002. 117 p.

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["According to the report, California has fewer drunk driving deaths per miles driven than all but a few states in the nation and has posted one of the biggest drops in the fatality rate in the last 20 years." Los Angeles Times, (December 19, 2002) [online].]

[Request #S7144]

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Juvenile Confinement Conditions and Services. By Kelly Fox and Donna Lyons, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 5. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2003. 2 p.

["Juvenile detention and corrections centers are filled beyond capacity and struggle to provide adequate corrections.... States are making administrative and statutory changes to address juvenile confinement conditions.... Deciding when to use secure confinement and creating policies that address appropriate conditions and services, continue to be important issues before state legislatures."]

[Request #S7145]

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Beyond the Prison Gates: The State of Parole in America. By Jeremy Travis and Sarah Lawrence. Research For Safer Communities, Urban Institute Justice Policy Center. (The Institute, Washington, DC) November 2002. 33 p.

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["The report reaches conclusions that we hope will provide the foundations for renewed attention to this critical function of the criminal justice system.... This report presents a portrait of parole, a straightforward statistical depiction of the current state of three critical parole functions: the decision to release, the decision to supervise, and the decision to revoke."]

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Offender Risk Assessment in Virginia: A Three Stage Evaluation: Process of Sentencing Reform, Empirical Study of Diversion and Recidivism, and Benefit-Cost Analysis. By Research Division Office, National Center for State Courts. (The Center, WEashington, DC) 2002. 131 p.

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["This Risk Assessment Instrument has proven an effective tool for identifying, among nonviolent offenders, good candidates for diversion from incarceration. Higher 'risk scores' on the instrument have been associated with a greater likelihood of recidivism, diversion through risk assessment has produced positive net benefits for the state, and judges and probation officers have found the instrument a useful addition to state sentencing guidelines."]

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States Enact New Terrorism Crimes and Penalties. By Donna Lyons, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 19. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November 2002. 5 p.

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["Many states have created new crimes and penalties related to acts of terrorism since September 11. New state laws also address terrorist hoaxes, threats and anti-terrorism information. At least 33 states have passed legislation that amends criminal codes related to acts of terrorism.... New laws also enhance penalties for crimes committed with a terrorist intent."]

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Models For A State Historic Preservation Program. By Jennifer Ruffolo, California Research Bureau, California State Library (CRB, Sacramento, California) October 2002. 27 p.

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["This note describes several models for creating a state historic preservation trust or conservancy program.... The note then describes three 'trust' models for historic preservation .... Last, the note concludes with a brief description of California's Coastal Conservancy."]

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National and Local Profiles of Cultural Support: Executive Summary. By Americans for the Arts and the Policy and Administration Program, Ohio State University. Prepared for the Pew Charitable Trust. (The Trust, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) October 5, 2002. 53 p.

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["This multi-city and national study analyses public and private sources for support for arts and culture.... [It] documents the variety of means by which the nonprofit cultural sector is sustained."]

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State of the Family: Laws and Legislation Affecting Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Families. By the Human Rights Campaign Foundation. (The Foundation, Washington, D.C.) 2002. 41 p.

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["This report makes clear ... that there is nothing 'special' about the rights same-sex and transgender families seek.... We examined state and federal laws and legislation, including both statutory laws and state supreme court decisions ... [listing] the inadequacies and inconsistencies in the laws and legislation that affect gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) families nationwide."]

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Collision Course: The Strange Convergence of Affirmative Action and Immigration Policy in America. By Hugh Davis Graham. (Oxford University Press, New York, New York) 2002. 246 p.

["This book reconstructs the development of American national policy concerning civil rights and immigration issues over the entire twentieth century.... Our present task is to understand how the American political system ... bent the parallel but largely unconnected trajectories of two liberal reforms of the 1960s toward a converging path that produced such unintended consequences.... Finding answers is the goal of this book." Collision Course... is available for 3-day loan]

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Elite vs. Public Opinion: An Examination of Divergent Views on Immigration. By Roy Beck and Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies. (The Center, Washington, DC) December 2002. 8 p.

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["Sixty percent of Americans believe present immigration levels are a 'critical threat to the vital interests of the United States,' but only 14 percent of the nation's leaders think so, a new analysis finds.... The center advocates lower legal immigration and a stronger effort to prevent and expel illegal immigrants. They say the polls show that the public agrees with them. Those who defend the current immigration levels say their surveys reveal the opposite." Washington Times (December 17, 2002) A1.]

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Antibiotics, Agriculture and Resistance. By Brian DeVore, Land Stewardship Project. The Land Stewardship Letter. (The Project, White Bear Lake, Minnesota) 2002. 12 p.

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["There is growing evidence that factory livestock farming produces more than cheap food -- it also pumps out a bumper crop of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.... Critics say the use of antibiotics in animal farming could return us to the 'dark ages' when people died of simple infections due to a lack of effective bacteria killers."]

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President Bush Taking Action to Strengthen America's Economy: Fact Sheet. By Office of the Press Secretary. (The White House, Washington, DC) January 7, 2003. And Talking Points on the Democratic Economic Stimulus Plan. By Office of the House Democratic Leader. (The Office, Washington, DC) January 6, 2003.

[“President Bush will propose to stimulate the economy by eliminating the tax on stock dividends and by cutting taxes this year for nearly 100 million taxpayers, at a cost of some $600 billion to the federal Treasury over 10 years.... Democrats in the House of Representatives jumped the gun by releasing their own stimulus plan, a $136 billion proposal that would extend unemployment benefits, provide tax rebates of up to $600 per working couple, allow small businesses to write off more expenses and give states extra money for homeland security, Medicaid and highways.” Monterey County Herald (January 7, 2003) 1.]

President's plan
Democrat's plan

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Slot Machines and Video Gaming in the States. By Monica Kearns, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 3. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2003. 2 p.

["Over the past several decades, all but two states -- Hawaii and Utah -- have authorized at least one form of gaming. Consumers spent $61.4 billion on gambling nationwide in 2000. Gambling taxes added about $26.8 billion to state coffers in 2000.... Growth in revenues overall has slowed in recent years, but within the industry revenue from electronic gaming devices like slot machines and video poker have shown remarkable growth."]

[Request #S7156]

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Cuba: To Trade or Not to Trade? By Cheryl Runyon, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 6. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2003. 2 p.

["Several states have passed resolutions urging expansion of trade with Cuba.... President Bush will not lift the trade embargo without a substantial movement toward democracy.... Some state legislators from farm states are pushing for trade with Cuba. Others believe that lifting the embargo would benefit only Cuba."]

[Request #S7158]

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The Dot-Com Debacle and the Return to Reason. By Louis E. V. Nevaer. (Quorum Books, Westport, Connecticut) 2002. 317 p.

["[This book] shows how the return of common sense is opening fresh opportunities for wealth creation in badly battered industries -- the entertainment industry especially -- and offers five keys to understanding the online economy overall.... [The author] examines the 'real' -- that is, sustainable components of the New Economy centered on five industries: publishing, music, video games, and gambling and adult entertainment." Note: Dot-Com Debacle... is available for 3-day Loan.]

[Request #S7157]

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From Celluloid to Cyberspace: The Media Arts and the Changing Arts World. By Kevin F. McCarthy and Elizabeth Heneghan Ondaatje, RAND. MR-1552. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 79 p.

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["This study uses a systemwide approach to examine the media arts in the context of the broader arts environment and to identify the major challenges they face. This approach focuses on the organizational features of the media arts by describing the characteristics of their audiences, artists, arts organizations, and funders."]

[Request #S7159]

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State and Local Government's Susceptibility to Globalization. By James Alm and others. IN: State Tax Notes vol. 27, no. 1 (January 6, 2003) pp 43-51.

["This paper begins to take an empirical look at the impact of worldwide globalization on the structure of state and local finance in the United States. Globalization is expected to yield state and local tax structures that look very similar across the states, with similarity growing over time."]

[Request #S7160]

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Beyond Bio 101: Transformation of Undergraduate Biology Education. By Howard Hughes Medical Institute. (The Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland) 2002. Various pagings

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["The number of students taking biology classes has soared in recent years, even though budgets in many biology departments have stayed level or declined.... Biology faculty members are asking how biology can serve as the core of a strong liberal arts education, preparing students for a wide range of ever-changing careers."]

[Request #S7161]

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Meeting the Competition: College and University Presidents, Faculty, and State Legislators View the New Competitive Academic Arena. By John Immerwahr. The Futures Project. (The Project, Providence, Rhode Island) 2002. 36 p.

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["Many observers believe that America's higher education system is undergoing a powerful transformation, driven by the emergence of new competitive forces. New technologies have broken down some of the traditional barriers, so that colleges and universities once confined to a single geographical area now compete internationally.... [Colleges] increasingly find themselves in a virtual 'arms race' with each other, constantly scrambling for higher rankings, better students, better faculty, winning athletic teams, and more research funding."]

[Request #S7162]

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School-Based Drug Prevention: What Kind of Drug Use Does It Prevent? By Jonathan P. Caulkins, Carnegie Mellon University, and others. Prepared for RAND Drug Policy Research Center. MR-1459-RWJ. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 198 p.

["What Are the True Benefits of School-Based Drug Prevention Programs? In a recent study, analysts determined where drug prevention's benefits fall in terms of reductions in illicit-drug use, drinking, and smoking. They also evaluated whether the benefits of school-based drug prevention programs, in terms of reductions in the use of four substances -- cocaine, marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol -- exceed the costs of running the programs." Drug Policy Research Center Research Brief (November 2002) 1.]

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PUC Adopts DWR Revenue Requirement, Less $29 Million: Press Release. By the California Public Utilities Commission. (The Commission, San Francisco, California) December 17, 2002. 1p.

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[“State regulators obligated California utility customers to pay a $4.65-billion tab next year for electricity contracts purchased by the Department of Water Resources, but they urged DWR to reduce the cost by nearly $1 billion…. In adopting DWR's revenue requirement for 2003, the PUC allocated $1.97 billion of the state's cost of power contracts to Pacific Gas & Electric Co. customers, $1.88 billion to Southern California Edison customers and $643 million to San Diego Gas & Electric Co. customers.” Los Angeles Times (December 18, 2002) B6.]

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Analysis of Trading and Scheduling Strategies Described in Enron Memos. By the Department of Market Analysis, California Independent System Operator. (The Operator, Folsom, California) October 4, 2002. 34 p.

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["Other companies may have used Enron-style trading tactics during the 2000-01 energy crisis that saw rolling blackouts and soaring wholesale energy costs, a report by the managers of California's power grid said. The report, however, cautioned that more analysis is needed to determine whether the tactics amounted to market manipulation.... Using Cal-ISO data on electricity trading, scheduling and transmission, it identified about 20 energy providers, ranging from Enron to municipalities, who benefited from certain market conditions during the energy crisis." Oakland Tribune (January 8, 2002) 1.]

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Electricity Requirements for a Digital Society. By Walter S. Baer and others, RAND Science and Technology. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. Various pagings.

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["Increasing use of the Internet and other information and communications technologies (ICTs) marks a U.S. transition toward a 'digital society' that may profoundly affect electricity supply, demand and delivery.... Increased power consumption by ICT equipment is the most direct and visible effect, but not necessarily the most important.... The more pressing concern for an emerging digital society will be how to provide the higher-quality and more-reliable power that ICTs demand."}

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California's Energy Future: A Framework For An Integrated Energy Policy. By The Bay Area Economic Forum (The Forum, San Francisco, California) November 2002. 36 p.

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["A new report proposes an integrated energy policy for California in a quest to address the myriad problems associated with the state's 2000-2001 power crisis. Californians pay some of the highest energy costs in the nation, which the report attributes to inadequate investment by generators, and the lack of comprehensive strategy with respect to the state's power market future. The authors propose a comprehensive framework that focuses on lowering the cost and generating more choices to consumers." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (January 9, 2003.]

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Municipal Power Struggle; Electricity Consultants Are Telling Cities that They Can Break Free of the Big Utilities, Which Are Fighting Back. By Nancy Rivera Brooks. IN: Los Angeles Times. December 27, 2002. C1+.

["In classic calamity-breeds-opportunity fashion, EES Consulting and a small group of other firms have turned the wreckage of California's ill-fated energy deregulation experiment into something of a cottage industry, peddling their expertise to communities that might want to break free of the large investor-owned utilities that have always brought them electricity.... Edison and other utilities are fighting back. They say EES exaggerates the benefit -- and low-balls the cost -- of starting up a municipal utility."]

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Measure 8 Flares: Draft Technical Assessment Document. By Alex Ezersky, Bay Area Air Quality Management District. (The District, San Francisco, California) December 20, 2002. 164 p.

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[“In a major oversight, Bay Area air quality regulators are finding that gas-venting flares that they historically said had only a negligible impact on air quality may rank as the largest sources of air pollution in the region's five refineries, according to a new report…. The enormity of the error is mind-boggling.” Contra Costa Times (January 5, 2002) 1.]

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"Driven into a Corner: To Clean the Air, California Can Steer Old Cars and New Cars in Better Directions." By Lloyd Dixon and others. IN: RAND Review, vol. 26, no. 3 (Fall 2002) pp. 10-15.

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["Scrapping old vehicles would be a relatively low-cost way to clean the air.... As for new vehicles, the state should continue to reduce their allowable emissions incrementally, but it should also allow the flexibility needed for different technologies to compete for roles in meeting air quality goals".]

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Marine Forests Society, et al. v. California Coastal Commission, et al. California Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District. C038753. December 30, 2002. Various pagings.

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[“A state appeals court ruled that the California Coastal Commission violates the state Constitution by allowing the Legislature broad authority to appoint and remove a majority of the commissioners, who wield executive powers. Attorneys for the commission immediately began devising strategies for suspending the court's order, pending a certain appeal to the state Supreme Court. … The ruling focused specifically on one aspect of the law: that the Assembly speaker and Senate Rules Committee not only have the power to appoint a majority but, more important, have the authority to remove those commissioners ‘at will.’” Los Angeles Times (December 31, 2002) A1.]

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September 2002 Klamath River Fish Kill: Preliminary Analysis of Contributing Factors. By the California Department of Fish and Game. (The Department, Redding, California) January 2003.

["The federal government was responsible for the deaths of 33,000 salmon and steelhead trout in the Klamath River last fall when it diverted too much water for farmers and didn't leave enough flow for the fish, according to a state report. The study also warned that unless the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation increases flows in coming years, 'there is a substantial risk for future fish kills on the Klamath River.'" Los Angeles Times (January 5, 2003) B6.]

Cover letter. 5 p.

Report. 63 p.

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Timber Harvesting and Water Quality: Forest Practice Rules Fail to Adequately Address Water Quality and Endangered Species. By Kip Wiley, California Senate Office of Research. (The Office, Sacramento, California) December 2002. 14 p.

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["California forestry practices have been criticized in a number of state and federal government and scientific and academic reports as insufficient to protect public trust resources such as fisheries and water quality. These documented concerns are the subject of this paper."]

[Request #S7173]

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Imperial Irrigation District v. Gale Norton, et al. U.S. District Court, Southern District of California. Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief. January 10, 2003.

["The water board for California's poorest county filed a lawsuit against Interior Secretary Gale Norton to stop her from cutting the region's massive supply of Colorado River water. The lawsuit accuses Norton of ordering Imperial County's Colorado River water supply cut by 11 percent this year for both political reasons and as punishment for the Imperial Irrigation District's failure to approve a deal to sell a share of its water to San Diego." Sacramento Bee (January 11, 2003) A4.]

Letter to Secretary. 2 p.

Complaint. 53 p.

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Water Allocation in the Klamath Reclamation Project, 2001: An Assessment of Natural Resource, Economic, Social and Institutional Issues with a Focus on the Upper Klamath Basin. By William S. Braunworth, Jr., Oregon State University, and others. (Oregon State University Extension Service, Corvallis, Oregon) December 2002. 401 p.

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[“Back in the parched year of 2001, the water-starved farmers of the Klamath Basin embraced what seemed a common-sense bit of conventional wisdom. Everyone said that steep cuts that year in irrigation water were hitting hard in the pocketbook. By most accounts, the local economy suffered a loss topping $250 million. But an exhaustive study of the Klamath crisis has concluded the losses weren't nearly so severe. In fact, the region might even have turned a profit in a year dubbed a disaster.” Los Angeles Times (January 3, 2003) B8.]

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Statewide Fingerprint Imaging System: The State Must Weigh Factors Other Than Need and Cost-Effectiveness When Determining Future Funding for the System. By the Bureau of State Audits, California State Auditor. 2001-015. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) January 2003. 71 p.

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["Audit Doubts Value of Welfare Fingerprinting: The report suggests the program, meant to detect cheaters, may be unnecessary ... [that] the Legislature should consider repealing the program, adding that it also intimidates some people who are legitimately eligible for food stamps at the same time that the federal government and California Legislature have said they want to help truly needy and eligible families receive benefits." Sacramento Bee (January 3, 2003) A3.]

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"Gerrymandering and Political Cartels." By Samuel Issacharoff, Columbia Law School. And "Reply: In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders." By Nathaniel Persily, University of Pennsylvania Law School. And "Reply: Why Elections?" By Samuel Issacharoff, Columbia Law School. IN: Harvard Law Review, vol. 116, no. 2 (December 2002) pp. 593-648; 649-683; 684-695.

["As the next round of redistricting litigation is anticipated, the three articles in this volume explore the issue by providing an overview of the fundamental tenets of the law governing gerrymandering and the role of judicial oversight in the process."]

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Technology Assessment: Using Biometrics for Border Security. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) November 15, 2002. 242 p.

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["Biometric technologies are available today and are being used for a variety of applications such as access control and criminal identification and surveillance. The fingerprint recognition, facial recognition, iris recognition, and hand geometry appeared to be suitable for border security because all have been used in border control pilots and applications."]

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Border Security: Implications of Eliminating the Visa Waiver Program. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) November 2002. 50 p.

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[“Stopping foreigners from entering the United States for short visits without visas could harm tourism, business and diplomatic relations and still not keep terrorists out, a congressional report said…. such a policy would burden U.S. missions overseas with new visa applications and cost the government hundreds of millions of dollars…."]

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Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant, 02-12. (FFIS, Washington, DC) December 31, 2002. 9 p.

["Includes: "Assistance to High Energy Cost Rural Communities;" "National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)---Secondary Analysis Program;" "Programs Funded by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;" "Allied Health Projects;" "State Material and Child Health Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Grants;" "Material and Child Health Centers for Leadership in Communication Disorders;" "Youth Violence Prevention Grants;" "National Brownfields Job Training Grants;" "Environmental Education Grants Program;" and others.]

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Concepts for Enhancing Critical Infrastructure Protection. By David Mussington, RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute. Prepared for the Office of Science and Technology Policy. MR-1259. (RAND, Arlington, Virginia) 2002. 100 p.; Appendices.

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["This project examined the Y2K crisis and its potential to inform future efforts to protect critical infrastructures.... Debate continues over whether the massive remediation efforts precluded catastrophic system failures or the fears were overstated to begin with. This report attempts to shed light on this debate and, by extension, examine what Y2K tells us about critical infrastructure protection (CIP) and where more knowledge is needed."]

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Overview of the Governor's Budget: 2003-04. By the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) January 14, 2003. 24 p.

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["(Legislative Analyst Elizabeth) Hill's appraisal of the Democratic governor's budget pegged the state's cash hole at $8.5 billion less than Davis's figure of $34.6 billion. But she said $5.5 billion of that disparity comes from differences in the ways the two agencies score the problem and doesn't affect the magnitude of program cuts or tax increases needed to solve the budget problem.... Hill found a total of $5.1 billion in reductions to cities and counties." San Francisco Chronicle (January 16, 2003) A1.]

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California Governor's Budget: 2002-03. By the California Department of Finance. (The Department, Sacramento, California) January 2003. Various pagings.

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["Davis Seeks $8.3-Billion Tax Hike; Governor Wants Higher Sales and Income Tax Rates to Fund Services He Would Shift to Counties: Unlike last year, the governor won't propose raising vehicle license fees or taxes on alcohol -- recommendations that were ultimately rejected by the Legislature.... Buried within the nearly 1,500 pages of the governor's $100-billion budget proposal is an array of increased fees and penalties totaling, by the administration's count, $143 million." Los Angeles Times (January 13, 2002) A1.]

[Request #S7177]

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State of California, et al. v. Abbott Laboratories, Inc., et al. Superior Court of Los Angeles County. BC 287198A. Complaint for Money Damages and Civil Penalties. January 7, 2003. 19 p.

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["State officials accused two major pharmaceutical companies of bilking the Medi-Cal program out of millions of dollars through 'grossly excessive, unreasonable and unlawful' inflation of drug prices. In announcing a lawsuit against Abbott Laboratories Inc. and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc., Attorney General Bill Lockyer said he also plans to take legal action against other drug companies for allegedly cheating California's $27-billion health program for the poor." Los Angeles Times (January 8, 2002)1.]

[Request #S7184]

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An Epidemic: Overweight And Unfit Children In California Assembly Districts. By The California Center For Public Health Advocacy (The Center, Davis , California) December 2002. 85 p.

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["A Statewide study of fifth-, seventh- and ninth-graders released by the center found that more than 25% of California Children are overweight and about 40% are not physically fit. In response, the study recommended that California officials enforce state laws that require physical education in schools, establish nutritional standards for schools and ensure that schools have water fountains." California Healthline]

[Request #S7185]

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Measuring and Evaluating Local Preparedness for a Chemical or Biological Terrorist Attack. By Ronald D. Fricker and others, RAND. Issue Paper. IP-217-OSD. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002 8 p.

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["This issue paper has two purposes: to suggest some nationally representative measures of local responder preparedness for chemical and biological terrorism as a baseline for current debate; and to illustrate the limitations of our measures and describe why quantifying preparedness for terrorism, by any measure, is elusive."]

[Request #S7186]

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Promoting Walking and Biking: The Legislative Role. By Leslie Teach Robbins and Larry Morandi, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL. Denver, Colorado) December 2002. 46 p.

["This report informs state legislators about the diversity of policy approaches that may be considered to incorporate walking and biking into everyday life to achieve public health benefits. It is intended to broaden state legislators' awareness of the relationships among policies from separate jurisdictions -- health, environment, transportation and education."]

[Request #S7187]

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Are Local Health Responders Ready for Biological and Chemical Terrorism? By Lois M. Davis and Janice C. Blanchard, RAND. Issue Paper. IP-221-OSD. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 8 p.

["Our analyses focused on two types of terrorist incidents-- chemical and biological attacks -- where public health agencies and hospitals clearly will play an important role in the response .... Our findings suggest that many local public health agencies and hospitals are unaware of what type of capabilities or surge capacity may be required; do not have plans for communicating with other health providers."]

[Request #S7188]

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Keeping Rural Emergency Medical Services Afloat. By Kristine Goodwin, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 27, No. 15. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) September 2002. 13 p.

["Maintaining an effective emergency medical services (EMS) system is becoming a strain for states and localities across the country.... This report outlines the challenges facing rural areas and highlights some innovative strategies states and communities have adopted to ensure that rural residents have access to emergency care."]

[Request #S7189]

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Curbing the Costs of Tobacco Use. By Leslie Teach Robbins, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 10, No. 47. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November/December 2002. 2 p.

["About 14 percent of all Medicaid expenditures are related to smoking. The public health community is asking states to control these cost by using proven ways to reduce the burden of tobacco use both on the lives of citizens and the economies of states ... A recent study by the California Board of Equalization found that overall sales in eating and drinking establishments rose 9.3 percent in the year after the state implemented a comprehensive smoking ban."]

[Request #S7190]

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Promoting Responsible Fatherhood in California: Ideas and Options. By Jonathan O'Connell and Jacqueline Greer, Social Policy Action Network. (The Network, Washington, DC) 2002. 19 p.

Full Text at:

["This study offers an analysis of California's efforts to promote responsible fatherhood in a state where as many as 1.5 million children are growing up without their biological fathers at home."]

[Request #S7191]

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Dad's Army: The Case For Father-Friendly Workplaces. By Richard Reeves, The Work Foundation. (The Foundation, London, England) 2002. 48 p.

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["The author argues that with women in the workplace, men's lives have changed profoundly. But it is the "dinosaur dads," those 50 and older, whose families were raised by stay-at-home wives, who occupy the most senior positions and have disproportionate influence on workplace cultures. few have paid attention to the fact that they now employ a different kind of father, one who wants greater flexibility in his hours and more control over them." Exchange EveryDay (December 18, 2002)]

[Request #S7192]

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Youth Who "Age Out" of Foster Care: Troubled Lives, Troubling Prospects. By Richard Wertheimer. (Child Trends, Washington, DC) December 2002. 8 p.

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["[The study includes] ... general trends in foster care in the United States, racial and ethnic disparities among the foster care population, characteristics of foster children, a profile of children 'aging out' of foster care, and some potential program and policy options for reducing the number of foster children and for supporting youth who have 'aged out' of the system."]

[Request #S7193]

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Work Supports for Low-Income Working Families. By Nanette Relave. IN: Welfare Information Network Issue Notes, vol. 6, no. 9 (December 2002) [online.]

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["Characteristics of the low-wage labor market often make it difficult for working families to sustain employment and make ends meet. Work supports like child care subsidies, transportation assistance and health coverage have helped families and employers stabilize low-wage work, but state budget shortfalls are threatening recent progress. This brief describes what states and communities can do to protect recent gains and improve services to working parents." Connect for Kids Weekly (December 23, 2002).]

[Request #S7194]

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Key State TANF Policies Affecting Microenterprise: California. By Nisha Pateol and Mark Greenberg, Center For Law and Social Policy (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2002. 7 p.

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["California's maximum monthly cash benefit levels for families with one to four members are $310, $505, $626, and $746. California has the fifth highest TANF cash grant among the 50 states and DC; the national average is $390 for a family of three. California has the ninth highest poverty rate among the states at 16.7%, compared to 13.6% for the U.S. as a whole. The state median income is the 16th highest at $39,458, the national median is $36,399."]

[Request #S7195]

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Traffic Safety and Children: Booster Seats. By Melissa A. Savage, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 2. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2003. 2 p.

["Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of fatal, unintentional injuries for children between the ages of 4 and 14. There's a gap in safety for children who are too big for child safety seats, but too small for lap belts. Thirteen states now have some type of booster seat laws. Arkansas, California, and Washington were the first states to enact booster seat laws."]

[Request #S7196]

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California Transportation Profile. By the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U. S. Department of Transportation. (The Bureau, Washington, D.C.) 2002. 129 p.

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["This collection of transportation information ... provides a picture of the state's infrastructure, freight movement and passenger travel, safety, vehicles, economy and finance, and energy and environment."]

[Request #S7197]

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Expansion of Ferry Transit Service in the San Francisco Bay Area: Draft Program Environmental Impact Report. By Jeff Zimmerman and others, URS Corporation. Prepared for the San Francisco Water Transit Authority. (The Authority, San Francisco, California) 2002. 501 p.

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["This Environmental Impact Report evaluates the potential environmental consequences of ... the expansion of ferry service in the Bay Area.... This document is a program-level EIR that is intentionally broad-based and regional in how it treats each issue, focusing on the impacts and mitigation relevant to the overall program."]

[Request #S7198]

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Measuring Up: The Trend Toward Voter Approved Transportation Funding. By Michelle Ernst and others. Surface Transportation Policy Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) 2002. 49 p.

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[“Voters across the country are increasingly being asked to approve new funding measures for transportation at the polls. This emerging trend marks a significant shift in the traditional method of financing transportation project and programs – away from legislatively-approved user fees and toward voter-approved general revenue taxes.”]

[Request #S7199]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By The California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 10, Bulletin 1--(The Institute, Washington, DC) January 9, 2002. 7 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "Interior Department Cuts Colorado Water To California; "State Water Board Chair Briefs Delegation;" "CRB Reports On California's Economic Future In Light Of State's Changing Demographics;" "Medicare+Choice: the California Experience;" "Prescription Drug Coverage and California Seniors;" "EPA Issues New Rules Regarding Waterway Pollution;" and others.]

[Request #S7200]

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2002 Year-End Report on the Federal Judiciary. By Chief Justice William Rehnquist. (U.S. Supreme Court, Washington, DC) January 1, 2002. Various pagings.

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["In his yearly report on the federal judiciary, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist called for higher judicial pay, more judgeships and speedier filling of existing vacancies.... Judicial pay drew the most impassioned commentary in the report. It was 'the most pressing issue today' for the courts, he said, adding that 'inadequate compensation seriously compromises the judicial independence fostered by life tenure.' Financial considerations are driving judges off the bench and deterring highly experienced lawyers from becoming federal judges, he said." New York Times (January 2, 2003) A15.]

[Request #S7201]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



State Technology and Science Index. By the Milken Institute. (The Institute, Santa Monica) 2002.

["California ranked third on the State Technology and Science Index. The states were ranked with respect to five composites, namely Research & Development Inputs, Risk Capital and Entrepreneurial Infrastructure, Human Capital Investment, Technology Concentration and Dynamism. California far exceeded the rest of the states on absolute research and development funding." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (December 18, 2002) 3.]

[Request #S7202]

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Downhill Slide; Why the Ski Industry is Bad for Skiing, Ski towns, and the Environment. By Hal Clifford. (Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, California) October 2002. 256 p.

["This impassioned expose reveals how publicly traded corporations gained control of America's most popular winter sport and how they are gutting ski towns, the natural environment, and skiing itself in a largely futile search for short-term profits. Clifford suggest an alternative to the bleak picture in the return-to-the-roots movement that is now beginning to find its voice in American ski towns from Mammoth Lakes, California, to Stowe, Vermont." Publisher's Announcement.]

[Request #S7174]

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"Minorities as Majority: Disproportionality in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice." By Michelle Y. Green. IN: Children's Voice, vol. 11, no. 6 (November/December 2002) pp. 8-13; vol. 12, no. 1 (January/February 2003) pp. 6-10.

["States were mandated in 1992 to demonstrate efforts were underway to reduce the disproportionate minority confinement in the juvenile justice system. A decade of data gathering has produced little in the way of reversing the phenomenon: Far too many children of color pass from protection to punishment. This two-part series examines the problem. The first article tries to define the scope and nature of the problem, looks at emerging research, and explores a variety of perspectives from all sides of the table. The second article focuses on several local jurisdictions that are meeting these challenges head-on with promising programs and practices." Publisher's Announcement (December 2002) 1.]

[Request #S7203]

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