Subject: Studies in the News 03-7 (February 5, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Drunk driving accidents and children
   Safe storage of guns
EDUCATION
   Building and sustaining citywide afterschool initiatives
   Community learning centers
   Municipally funded youth centers
   Early care and education programs
HEALTH
   Children without health care AS
   Protecting newborns' privacy
   Depressed Children
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child-only CalWORKs cases
   Programs that serve low-income children
   Child care arrangements
   Eliminating poverty and family violence
STUDIES TO COME
   Psychotropic practice patterns for youth
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DRUNK DRIVING

Driving Drunk with Kids in the Car. By Jeanne Mejeur, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 12. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2003. 2 p.

["Nearly 2,000 children a year are killed in drunk driving accidents.... At least 27 states have addressed this issue. Twenty-one states have increased penalties for drunk driving if a child is in the vehicle. Drunk driving with children present is child abuse in some states."]

[Request #S7274]

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GUNS & GUN CONTROL

Safe Storage of Guns. By Tara Straw, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 8. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2003. 2 p.

["Firearms are the second leading cause of death of children ages 10 to 19. Laws requiring safe storage of guns have been widely debated in legislatures. Gun control proponents argue that safe storage and trigger lock laws reduce unintentional injury. Opponents argue that safe storage of firearms is a broad solution for a narrow problem. Eighteen states currently have access prevention laws."]

[Request #S7276]

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EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

Building and Sustaining Citywide Afterschool Initiatives: Experiences of the Cross-Cities Network Citywide Afterschool Initiatives. By Georgia Hall and Brooke Harvey. (The National Institute on Out-of-School Time, Wellesley, Massachusetts) 2002. 57 p.

Full Text at: www.niost.org/cross_cities_brief8.pdf

["The purpose of this report is to highlight the experiences of several citywide afterschool initiatives with particular focus on the activities and strategies that contributed to building operational and sustainable citywide delivery of out-of-school time programs. The paper is intended to inform discussion, raise questions, and present recommendations for out-of-school time leaders, policy makers, and other stakeholders seeking to organize or better support citywide afterschool initiatives."]

[Request #S7277]

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When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st-Century Community Learning Centers Program. First Year Findings. By Mark Dynarski and others, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Education. (The Department, Washington, DC) January 2003. 174 p.

Full Text at: www.mathematica-mpr.com/pdfs/whenschools.pdf

["The first-year findings reveal that while the 21st Century Community Learning Centers changed where and with whom students spent some of their after-school time and increased parental involvement, they had limited influence on academic performance, no influence on feelings of safety or on the number of "latchkey" children, and some negative influences on behavior." News from Mathematica (February 2003).]

[Request #S7278]

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A Place to Grow: Evaluation of the New York City Beacons: Summary Report. By Constancia Warren and others. The Academy for Educational Development. (The Academy, New York, New York) 2002. 17 p.

Full Text at: scs.aed.org/grow.pdf

["Beacons are community centers located in public school buildings, offering a range of activities and services to participants of all ages, before and after school, in the evenings, and on weekends. Findings indicated that the majority of young people were taking advantage of the challenging activities offered at the Beacon and believed they were developing new competencies because of their participation at the center." The Promising Practices in Afterschool (PPAS) Listserv (February 4, 2003).]

[Request #S7279]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Early Childhood Education [Issue Theme]. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. Volume 17, No. 4. (National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC) 2002. pp. 415-607.

["The articles focus on families' access to, and children's experiences in, early care and education programs. Includes: "More than a Work Support? Issues Around Integrating Child Development Goals in the Child Care Subsidy System" "Does Maternal Employment Influence Poor Children's Social Development?;" "Impacts of Child Care Subsidies on Family and Child Well-Being;" "Family Child Care Finances and Their Effect on Quality and Incentives;" and others. NOTE: Early Childhood Research Quarterly is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7275]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Sonoma County Children Without Health Care: The Community’s Responsibility: Executive Summary. By Children’s Healthcare Access Coalition. (The Coalition, Santa Rosa, California) September 2002. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.fasc.org/chac-exec-summ.pdf

[“More than 5,300 children in Sonoma County are eligible for some form of public health insurance, but they don't have it because of social and cultural barriers to participation in public health programs, according to a study…. Lack of health insurance for such a sizeable chunk of children puts additional strain on the financially shakey medical system, resulting in losses at hospital emergency rooms.” The Press Democrat (January 30, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7281]

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INFANTS

Protecting the Privacy of Newborns. By Alissa Johnson, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 11. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2003. 2 p.

["State newborn screening programs identify infants at risk for certain diseases. Some state legislatures address newborn screening privacy in the context of broader policies on genetic or health information. Twenty-eight states require consent to perform or require genetic testing."]

[Request #S7285]

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MENTAL HEALTH

The Many Faces of Depression in Children and Adolescents. By David Shaffer and Bruce D. Waslick. (American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, DC) 2002. 192 p.

["This book] presents an overview of the key findings and concepts emerging from recent empirical efforts to understand the cause of depressive illness in youth. Topics addressed include dilemmas and challenges related to the diagnosis of unipolar and bipolar affective illness in childhood and adolescence; research evidence for the effectiveness of a range of psychotherapeutic interventions and pharmacotherapeutic treatments in depressed youth." NOTE: The Many Faces of Depression ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7286]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILDREN

Child-Only CalWORKs Cases in San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties. By Charles Lieberman, California Policy Research Center, and others. California Policy Review. Vol. 2, No. 1. (The Center, Burlingame, California) November 2002. 12 p.

["In California, citizen children of undocumented immigrant parents make up the largest group of these 'child-only' cases. This report explores the characteristics and economic circumstances of these child-only cases in San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties, reviews the demographic characteristics, the employment statuses, the economic circumstances and other measures of well-being for these families."]

[Request #S7280]

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Programs That Serve Children in Low-Income Families. By Andrea Wilkins and Lucy Dwight, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Choices on Welfare. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) November 2002. 13 p.

["Evaluations of various programs aimed at low-income children have shown modest positive effects for young children but have uncovered some troubling negative effects on adolescents. Concern for child well-being has lead many states to use the flexibility of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program to develop new programs that enhance the development of low-income children."]

[Request #S7282]

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PARENTS

Who’s Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Spring 1999 Detailed Tables. By the Population Division, Fertility & Family Statistics Branch, U.S. Census Bureau. (PPL-168). (The Bureau, Washington, DC) January 2003. Various Pagings

Full Text at: www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/child/ppl-168.html

["The child care data presented in the detailed tables come from the tenth interview of the 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Panel conducted between April and July 1999 and refer to child care arrangements used in the month prior to the interview. A variety of data is presented in the tables."]

[Request #S7283]

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RESEARCH

A Vision for Eliminating Poverty and Family Violence: Transforming Child Welfare and TANF in El Paso County, Colorado. By Rutledge Q. Hutson. (The Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC) January 2003. 57 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1043875845.58/El_Paso_report.pdf

["This report tells how El Paso County integrated activities of the child welfare and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and chronicles its successes and challenges. This change has led to their developing a bold vision to eliminate poverty and family violence, completely redesigning how staff in the programs work with each other."]

[Request #S7284]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Psychotropic Practice Patterns for Youth: A 10 Year Perspective. By Julie Magna Zito and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 1 (January 2003) pp. 17-25.

[“Children and adolescents are taking all kinds of psychiatric medications at nearly the same rate as adults, despite the relative lack of knowledge about how they are used and how well they work in younger age groups, according to a study…. Overall about 6 percent of youths younger than 20 are being treated with one or more drugs including stimulants, anti-depressants, anti-psychotics or mood stabilizers.” The Sacramento Bee (January 14, 2003) A1.]

[Request #S7287]

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