Subject: Studies in the News 03-12 (March 4, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material EDUCATION
   Head Start and school readiness
   Evaluating scientific basis for programs
HEALTH
   Child development programs at community health centers
   Unique health concerns for Mexican Americans
   Hispanics and health insurance
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child care for disabled children
   Rethinking carework for children and youth
   Child care providers and subsidies
   Child care expenses
   Parental leave policies and children's development
STUDIES TO COME
   School-based centers and asthma
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Success of Head Start - School Readiness. Abstract. By John Meier, PreSchool Services Department of San Bernardino County. (The Department, San Bernardino, California) February 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.cdpi.net/krps_nhsaabstract.pdf

["The preliminary findings from this interim report indicate that the Preschool Services Department Head Start program adequately prepares its participant children and families to successfully enter and complete public school kindergarten. Although never described as a life-long inoculation against future difficulties in life's developmental odyssey, the early childhood experience proactively sets the stage for continued adjustment, resilience and success."]

[Request #S7438]

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EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

"Scientifically Based Research." By Ron Beghetto, University of Oregon. IN: Research Roundup, vol. 19, no. 3 (Spring 2003) 8 p.

Full Text at: eric.uoregon.edu/publications/roundup/spring2003.html

["The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 makes it mandatory for school leaders who depend on federal funding to select and implement programs that are based on scientific research. The five documents reviewed in this article offer insights into what is meant by scientifically based research, provide important considerations for school leaders when evaluating the scientific basis of practices and programs, and highlight the complexities involved in determining what programs and practices are most appropriate for a particular school." ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, ERIC/CEM ONLINE (February 26, 2003).]

[Request #S7439]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Child Development Programs in Community Health Centers. By Sara Rosenbaum and others, Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) January 2002. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/child/rosenbaum_chcs_480.pdf

["This report, the third in a series that reviews federal health policy related to child development, examines the role of community health centers in providing child development programs for children age 3 and younger. In addition, the report presents findings from a 2000 survey of four categories of child development programs at 79 health centers ... and offers recommendations for improved delivery of these services at health centers."]

[Request #S7441]

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LATINOS

Mexican Americans & Health. By Adela de la Torre and Antonio L. Estrada. (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona) 2001. 159 p.

["This book reviews the unique health concerns of Mexican-origin people and explains how today's most pressing health issues have special relevance to the Mexican American community: how values such as machismo, familismo, and marianismo influence care-seeking decisions and treatment of illness; how factors such as cultural values, socioeconomic status, peer pressure, and family concerns can contribute to substance abuse; and how approaches to AIDS prevention and education need to reflect core cultural values such as familismo, repeto, and confinanza." NOTE: Mexican Americans & Health is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7443]

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Hispanic Patients' Double Burden: Lack of Health Insurance and Limited English. By Michelle M. Doty, The Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) February 2003. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/programs/insurance/doty_hispanicdoubleburden_592.pdf

["Non-English-speaking Hispanics are in poorer health and are twice as likely to be uninsured as English-speaking Hispanics, whites or blacks, according to this report. The report found that 66% of non-English-speaking Hispanics without health insurance do not have a primary care physician, compared to 37% of uninsured whites. The report also found that 33% of non-English-speaking Hispanics said they are in 'fair or poor' health -- more than twice the rate of whites, blacks and English-speaking Hispanics -- and nearly 50% of non-English-speaking Hispanics said they have difficulty communicating with or understanding their physician." California Healthline (February 28, 2003).]

[Request #S7444]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Addressing Child Care Challenges For Children With Disabilities: Proposals For CCDBG and IDEA Reauthorizations. By Katherine Beh Neas and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 24, 2003. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1046108337.25/clasp_ES.pdf

["This paper discusses the benefits of providing quality child care and early intervention services to children with disabilities; describes the challenges families face in finding appropriate, high-quality child care for children with disabilities; provides background on the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and other relevant statutes, as well as the children they serve; and proposes recommendations for CCDBG and IDEA reauthorizations."]

[Request #S7445]

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Child Care and Inequality: Rethinking Carework for Children and Youth. By Francesca M. Cancian and others. (Routledge, New York, New York) 2002. 267 p.

[Includes: "Poor Mothers and the Care of Teenage Children;" "Children and Chronic Health Conditions: Welfare Reform and Health-Related Carework;" "Child Care Across Sectors: A Comparison of the Work of Child Care in Three Settings"... and others. NOTE: Child Care and Inequality ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7446]

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Essential But Often Ignored: Child Care Providers in the Subsidy System. By Gina Adams and Kathleen Snyder, The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 2003. 90 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310613_OP63.pdf

["According to this study, a number of policies and practices can affect how much child care providers receive and the ease of their interactions with the subsidy system. In some cases, policies and practices appeared to support providers while in other cases policies and practices appeared to undercut the amount providers receive or make it more difficult for providers to interact with the subsidy system."]

[Request #S7447]

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Getting Help With Child Care Expenses. By Linda Giannarelli and others, The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) Februrary 2003. 53 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310615_OP62.pdf

["This analysis explores how much help employed families get with child care expenses and the types of help they receive. The findings are presented for all employed families as a whole and for different groups of families—low-income families, families with preschool-age children, and so on. The paper also examines the relationship between child care help and child care expenses."]

[Request #S7448]

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FAMILY LEAVE

"Research on Parental Leave Policies and Children's Development: Implications for Policy Makers and Service Providers." By Donna Lero, University of Guelph. IN: Encyclopedia of Early Childhood Development. February 2003. pp. 1-9.

Full Text at: www.excellence-earlychildhood.ca/documents/LeroANGxp.pdf

["The purpose of this review is to underscore what we do and do not know about parental leave policies as factors that affect parent-child interactions and young children's development, and to identify potentially helpful complementary policy changes and service approaches." Childcare Resource and Research Unit, University of Toronto (February 25, 2003) online.]

[Request #S7449]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

ASTHMA

"Burden of Asthma in Inner-City Elementary Schoolchildren: Do School-Based Health Centers Make a Difference?" By Mayris P. Webber and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 2 (February 2003) pp. 125-129.

[""This study reports a strikingly lower asthma-related hospitalization rate in children who attend schools with SBHCs [school-based health centers] compared with those attending comparison schools. Findings include: the prevalence of asthma was 18.9% at schools with an SBHC and 22.4% at comparison schools; children attending comparison schools were more likely than those attending schools with SBHCs to have been hospitalized for asthma (17.1% vs. 10.5%); no statistically significant differences were noted in use by sex, race or ethnicity, health insurance coverage, or availability of an SBHC; and, overall, students attending comparison schools missed more days of schools than those attending schools with an SBHC (16.4 days vs. 14.5 days). The authors conclude that the findings support the efficacy of SBHCs for inner-city schoolchildren with asthma and have implications for access to and funding of school-based primary care." National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health and Georgetown University, MCH Alert (February 28, 2003).]

[Request #S7440]

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