Subject: Studies in the News 03-17 (March 25, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "San Bernardino County was created in 1853 from Los Angeles County. Most of San Bernardino County territory had been in San Diego County from 1850 to 1851 and then in Los Angeles County from 1851 to 1853. A smaller territory was in Mariposa County from 1850 to 1851, then in Los Angeles County from 1851 to 1853 when it was moved to San Bernardino County. Territory which at one time was in San Bernardino County is now in Inyo and Riverside Counties. "  

1853 - "Humboldt County was created in 1853. Most of its territory was in Trinity County until the 1853 transfer to Humboldt County. Territory in Trinity County from 1850 to 1853, and in Humboldt County from 1853 to 1859, was in Mendocino County from 1859 to 1860 when it was returned to Humboldt County. Territory in Trinity County from 1850 to 1851 … was in Del Norte County from 1887 to 1901 when it was added to Humboldt County. "  

Contents This Week

   Education and correctional populations
   Controlling DWI offenders
   Native American tribal jails
   Foreign-born population
   Workforce serving elderly needs
   Data on California's elderly
   Database on aging Californians
   Households of married and unmarried
   Biomedicine industry
   UCLA Anderson forecast on economy
   Corporate governance and accountability
   Accounting at energy firms
   Boosting revenues from gaming industry
   Barriers to healthy manufacturing
   Regional economic forecasts subdued
   Outlook from Federal Reserve Board
   Reduced funding for higher education
   CSU computer system audit
   Belmont learning complex
   Cultivating professional development
   School leadership
   No price gouging on gasoline
   Draft CPUC energy plan
   Regulations on farm contracts
   Making polluters pay
   Water resources and new development
   Water suit settled
   Health effects of Chromium VI in drinking water
   Court interprets whistleblower arbitration
   New election reforms
   England tests e-voting
   Grants for domestic preparedness
   Smallpox vaccination program
   Block grant allocations
   Fixing the state's IT governance structure
   Information technology governance
   Ephedra and Ephedrine and weight loss
   Collapse of emergency rooms
   Long-term care programs
   Medicaid grants
   Soaring cost of prescription drugs
   Toward a tobacco-free California
   The cost of smoking in California
   House price bubbles
   NLIHC President Shelia Crowley's statement on HUD FY04 budget
   Governor's budget and child care
   Child support enforcement
   Families losing government assistance
   FTAA and democracy SD
   Stable democracy for Afghanistan
   Federal highway programs
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
   Protecting intellectual property
   Reforms in education elusive
   Advertising a factor in judicial elections
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Education and Correctional Populations: Special Report. By Caroline Wolf Harlow, Bureau of Justice Statistics (The Bureau, Washington, DC) January 2003. 12 p.

Full Text at:

["About 41% of inmates in the Nation's State and Federal prisons and local jails in 1997 and 31% of probationers had not completed high school or its equivalent. In, comparison, 18% of the general population age 18 or older had not finished the 12th grade.... Over 9 in 10 State prisons provided educational programs for their inmates."]

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Controlling Repeat DWI Offenders with Staggered Sentencing. By the Research Department, Minnesota House of Representatives. (The Department, Minneapolis, Minnesota) January 2003. 15 p.

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["This policy brief describes and partially evaluates a new sentencing strategy for repeat DWI offenders called staggered sentencing. This new sentencing strategy is being developed and implemented ... in Minnesota. Our preliminary evaluation suggests that staggered sentencing reduces DWI recidivism by nearly 50 percent, while saving considerable jail resources."]

[Request #S7594]

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"Incarcerating Ourselves: Tribal Jails and Corrections." By Eileen M. Luna-Firebaugh, University of Arizona. IN: The Prison Journal, vol. 83, no. 1 (March 2003) pp. 51-66.

["Many Indian nations are creating and running jails regardless of the costs, because they have determined that they can provide custodial services near home communities and with cultural and traditional components that are not met by mainstream facilities. They have also determined that the provision of essential law enforcement and custodial services are opportunities to expand tribal sovereignty in important ways."]

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The Foreign-Born Population in the United States: March 2002. By Dianne Schmidley. Current Population Reports. P20-539. (U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC) March 2003. 8 p.

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["The nation's foreign-born population last year numbered 32.5 million, accounting for 11.5 percent of the total U.S. population. Among this group, 52 percent were born in Latin America, 26 percent in Asia and 14 percent in Europe. Only 9 percent were under age 18, because most of the children of foreign-born parents are natives." Connect for Kids Weekly (March 17, 2003).]

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Social Workers in California's Public Aging Services: Implications for State Policies and Program. By Andrew Scharlach and others, California Policy Research Center, University of California. CPRC Brief. Vol. 15, No. 2. (The Center, Berkeley, California) February 2003. 4 p.

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["Our findings indicate the need for new programs and policies to meet current and future personnel needs in aging services. A more skilled and better-qualified aging-services workforce requires great incentives for attracting and training students, especially among those who reflect the growing diversity of the state's aging population."]

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Creating a Comprehensive Picture of Older Californians. By Frank Neuhauser and others, California Policy Research Center. (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2003. Charts.

[Includes: "California Department of Aging Clients by Race/Ethnicity;" "Population Data: California Health Interview Survey;" "Population Data: Health and Retirement Survey;" "Summing Up: Recommendations;" and others.]

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Planning for Comprehensive Database on Aging Californians: Meeting Public Policy and Research Needs for Better Information. By Frank W. Neuhauser and others, California Policy Research Center, University of California (The Center, Berkeley, California) 2003. 51 p.

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["This report is part of a state-commissioned project undertaken after California enacted Senate Bill 910 (Vasconcellos, Statutes of 1999, Chapter 948, mandating a plan to address the impending demographic, economic, and social changes triggered by the state's aging and increasingly diverse population.... The authors were charged with assessing the data the state already collects and where the gaps are."]

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Married-Couple and Unmarried Partner Households: 2000. By Travis Simmons and Martin O'Connell. U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) February 2003. 16 p.

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["Unmarried couples -- whether same-sex or opposite sex -- are far more likely than married couples to mix race or ethnicity.... Moreover, unmarried men and women who live together are nearly as likely as married couples to be raising children, according to the report.... Most unmarried partners live in California." San Francisco Chronicle (March 13, 2003) A6.]

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The Biomedicine Industry in California: Overview and Policy Considerations. By Jerome Seliger, California State University, Northridge. Prepared for the California Research Bureau. 2002 Educational Tour Series. Policy Brief No. 1. CRB-03-001. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) January 2003. 24 p.

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["In this paper, we distinguish biomedicine from biotech by considering industry segments that focus primarily on human health....They range from companies engaged in basic science research ... to companies involved in the design and manufacture of new treatment devices, and those developing new diagnosis and testing technologies."]

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The UCLA Anderson Forecast for the Nation and California. By the UCLA Anderson Forecasting Project, Anderson Graduate School of Management. And Quarterly Business Forecast Seminar: Packet. By Tom Lieser, Anderson Graduate School of Management, and others. (The School, Los Angeles, California) March 2003. Various pagings.

["The economy is expected to trudge along with little growth in the coming months and into next year, according to economists at UCLA.... Lieser said that unlike the federal government, the state must balance its budget annually. But the possible consequence of doing so could be the elimination of thousands of jobs in both government and private sectors.... Lieser suggested that raising taxes, if done properly and with an explicit provision that it will be temporary, could be less damaging than budget cuts affecting employment." San Francisco Chronicle (March 13, 2003) B1.]

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Challenges to Restore Public Confidence in U.S. Corporate Governance and Accountability Systems: GAO Forum on Governance and Accountability. By the U. S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-419SP. (The Office, Washington, DC) January 2003. 37 p.

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["Restoring public trust and confidence in a manner that can be sustained over the long-term will require concerted actions by a variety of parties, including accounting and auditing standards setters, regulators, management and boards of directors of public companies.... The results of the forum are organized by the major areas of discussion and reflect subsequent comments we received from the participants."]

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Accounting at Energy Firms after Enron: Is the "Cure" Worse Than the "Disease"? By Richard Bassett and Mark Storrie, Cato Institute. Policy Analysis No. 469. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 12, 2003. 17 p.

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["Post-Enron Accounting Reforms Are Misguided and Not Necessary: Although some observers think a lack of governmental regulation led to the collapse ... the rules based system that guides U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), actually facilitated the company's failure." Cato Institute News Release (February 12, 2003). 1.]

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"Gaming the Budget." By Ellen Perlman. IN: Governing, vol. 16 no. 6 (March 2003) pp. 32-35.

[In the mist of a fiscal crisis many states are betting on the legalization or expansion of gambling to boost their revenues.... With so many - and such large - budget shortfall, some policy makers who opposed gambling in the past now feel under pressure to sing a different tune, particularly if they promised during campaigns not to raise taxes."]

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Barriers to Healthy Manufacturing: Maintaining A High Standard of Living for All Californians. By the California Manufacturing Technology Center. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 16 p.

["California has greatly benefited from a healthy manufacturing industry, resulting in a high standard of living in the state. The average annual product per employee in the manufacturing industry is $97,200.... The California MTC surveys small and mid-size manufacturers in California every year to identify the difficulties and barriers that these manufacturers have in operating their businesses."]

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Beige Book: No Up Turn In Sight. By Dean Baker, Financial Markets Center. (The Center, Philomont, Virginia) March 5, 2003. 2 p.

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["Retail activity was sluggish just about everywhere.... Diminishing auto sales made the retail picture even worse.... The situation in manufacturing appears even more woeful, with scant hope of short-term improvement in most regions."]

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The Beige Book: Summary of Commentary on Current Economic Conditions by Federal Reserve District. By The Federal Reserve Board. (The Board, Washington, DC) March 5, 2003. Various pagings.

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["The economy was stuck in low gear in late January and much of February, weighed down by worries over the economy and fears of war, the Federal Reserve said. According to the Fed's so-called beige book, an anecdotal summary of economic conditions around the country, 'reports from the 12 Federal Reserve districts generally suggested that growth in economic activity remained subdued in January and February.'" New York Times (March 6, 2003) C5.]

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State Shortfalls Projected Throughout the Decade: Higher Ed Budgets Likely to Feel Continued Squeeze. By Dennis Jones, National Center For Public Policy and Higher Education. (The Center, San Jose, California) February 2003. 1 p.

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["Most states entered fiscal year 2003 facing sharply reduced revenues, and are now struggling to constrain expenditures. Unfortunately, this situation is unlikely to change any time soon, according to projections developed for the National Center for Higher Education by the Rockefeller Institute on Government.... Findings are based on projections, over the next eight years, of the revenues and expenditures that would be required in each state to maintain current public service levels."]

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California State University: Its Common Management System Has Higher Than Reported Costs, Less Than Optimal Functionality, and Questionable Procurement and Conflict-of-Interest Practices. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2002-110. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) March 2003. 178 p.

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["Audit Slams CSU Computer Buy: Apparent Conflicts of Interest and Vast Cost Miscalculations Cited: A state audit says the system understated the costs of a new computer system by as much as $312 million and questioned business practices by two senior CSU officials.... The findings reveal an oversight problem that permeates CSU's Common Management System -- the massive software upgrade for the university's headquarters and its 23 campuses." Sacramento Bee (March 12, 2003) A1.]

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Final Investigative Report: Los Angeles Unified School District Belmont Learning Complex. By Steve Cooley District Attorney and Belmont Task Force Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office. (The Office, Los Angeles, California) March 2003. 241 p.

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[“The series of events that put a $160 million high school on an earthquake fault riddled with toxic pollution may have been a ‘disaster of biblical proportions,’ according to the district attorney, but not one that involved any criminal wrongdoing.” Associated Press (March 4, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7610]

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Cultivating High-Quality Professional Development: [Packet]. By the National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 25, 2003. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Professional Development Policies and Practices: Frequently Asked Questions; A Primer on Professional Development for Quality Teaching; Quality Teaching, Professional Learning and the Legislative Agenda: The State of State Professional Development; Policy Options for Improved Professional Development: A Roadmap for Policymakers; and Professional Development Meeting Guide."]

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The Role of School Leadership in Improving Student Achievement. By the Task Force on School Leadership, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 25, 2003. Various pagings.

["The Task Force created this policy brief to provide an overview of basic background information, to offer examples of state policies and to raise general questions for legislators to ask as they formulate policy regarding school leadership.

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This Week In Petroleum: Do Current High Petroleum Product Prices Reflect Price Gouging? By the Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. (The Administration, Washington, DC) March 12, 2003. 1 p.

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["The soaring gasoline prices now greeting consumers at the pump are a consequence of normal market forces, not gouging, according to the federal government. A combination of higher crude costs, seasonal price fluctuations and low fuel inventories is the real reason for the recent leap in gas prices." San Francisco Chronicle (March 13, 2003) B1.]

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Draft Energy Action Plan. By the Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission, the Consumer Power and Conservation Financing Authority, and the Public Utilities Commission. (The Public Utilities Commission, Sacramento, California) February 28, 2003. 6 p.

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["Nearly three years after the start of an energy crisis that ultimately forced California to abandon its drive to deregulate electricity, state agencies have outlined a plan to continue with a partially regulated market similar to what is in place now. The agencies called for a continuation of regulated electricity rates, increased conservation, more renewable energy and a stable regulatory environment that encourages private investment in the state. It would allow some power customers with special meters to pay prices that reflect moment-to-moment changes on the power market." Contra Costa Times (March 11, 2003) F4.]

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Proposed Regulations to Implement SB 1156 and AB 2596. And Initial Statement of Reasons in Support of Proposed Regulatory Action. By the California Agricultural Labor Relations Board. (The Board, Sacramento, California) January 17, 2003.

["California farm labor officials approved a series of rules that will guide how a controversial state law to resolve contract deadlocks between farmworkers and growers will work. Members of the Agricultural Labor Relations Board are moving ahead with making rules to govern the mandatory mediation law despite a legal challenge filed by a coalition of grower organizations." Fresno Bee (March 5, 2003) 1.]

Proposed Regulations. 11 p.
Statement of Reasons. 8 p.

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Making Polluters Pay: Environmentally Responsible Ways the 78th Legislature Can Raise New State Funds. By Public Citizen and Texas Center for Policy Studies (Public Citizen, Washington, DC) February 2003. 29 p.

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["We believe the ideas in this report are good starting points for a discussion on how best to fund cleaning up the air in Texas. We also believe that these ideas could generate funds to also pay a small portion of Texas' increasing health costs related to air pollution or to provide state funding for public schools. The five ideas contained in this report are designed to generate about $1 billion during the 2004-05 biennium."]

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Santa Clarita Organization for Planning the Environment v. County of Los Angeles. California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District. B155552. February 27, 2003. 14 p.

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["A ruling by the state Court of Appeal involving a 2,500-home development in Santa Clarita could end the controversial practice of building subdivisions that rely on state water supplies that may not exist. The court found that Los Angeles County relied on overly optimistic water projections in approving the West Creek project, which was proposed by the powerful Newhall Land & Farming Co. The environmental report for the subdivision must now be revised to show that it can find enough water." Los Angeles Times (March 1, 2003) B1.]

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Planning and Conservation League, et al. v. Department of Water Resources, et al. Sacramento Superior Court. 95CS03216. Settlement Agreement. March 2003

["'What the courts are worried about is that we're building projects that might not have the water to supply them,' said Antonio Rossmann, an attorney who represented environmental groups in a lawsuit against the state Department of Water Resources.... That suit, brought by the Sacramento-based Planning and Conservation League in 1996, was settled with an agreement by the Department of Water Resources to begin reporting more accurately the amount of state water available to local planning agencies." Los Angeles Times (March 1, 2003) B1.]

Settlement Agreement. 82 p.

Joint statement of parties. 2 p.

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Possible Interference in the Scientific Review of Chromium VI Toxicity: Informational Hearing. By the California Senate Health & Human Services Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 28, 2003. Various pagings.

["Allegations of Corporate Meddling Dog California Report on Chromium 6: State Senator Deborah Ortiz ... said she will seek to throw out a state report that concluded chromium 6 does not cause cancer when ingested, amid allegations the scientific panel that prepared it was manipulated to favor corporate interests." Associated Press State & Local Wire (February 28, 2003) 1.]

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Alexander Little v. Auto Stiegler, Inc. California Supreme Court. S101435. February 27, 2003. 42 p.

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["Employees who say they were unfairly fired for blowing the whistle on their employers can be forced to arbitrate their claims only if they can obtain the same amount of money damages available had they gone to court, the state Supreme Court ruled. By a 4-3 vote, the justices ruled that workers who say they were terminated in violation of some public policy are entitled to the same protections in arbitration as employees suing for discrimination." San Francisco Chronicle (February 28, 2003) A26.]

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FY 2003 Election Reform Funding. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-08. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 5, 2003. 5 p.

["Congress authorized more than $2 billion in fiscal year 2003 to help states' election reform efforts.... While the election reform funding payments are fully funded, the requirements payments to states fall $567 million below the authorized level.... This Issue Brief explains the formulas used to calculate election reform payments ... requirements payments [and lists] ... state-by-state grant estimates for election reform for FY 2003."]

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"England Tests e-Voting. By Shane Peterson. IN: Government Technology (November 2002) pp. 011-024.

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["Thirty local governments in England tested various technological improvements to voting or vote counting in May 2002.... The central government provided funding and overall strategic planning, and the local officials put it into practice.... Though increasing turnout is a goal for English elections officials, the May tests were setting the foundation for future electronic voting."]

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Homeland Security Funding. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-07. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 19, 2003 5 p.

["The president's FY 2003 budget promised $3.5 billion for new First Responder Grants to be overseen by FEMA. His FY 2004 budget calls for $3.5 billion for the DHS Office for Domestic Preparedness grants to state and local governments. The question for states is, 'How much of this is new money?' The answer is that only a fraction of the 'new' homeland security money is in fact new."]

[Request #S7623]

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Questions Surround Smallpox Vaccinations. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-09. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 5, 2003. 4 p.

["This widespread immunization campaign -- which began this month -- has raised many questions among state and local governments. Smallpox vaccines are less safe than other immunizations that states provide. Public officials also are worried about the costs associated with the program as well as liability issues, such as who will cover the costs of potential illnesses from the vaccine or transmission of the virus."]

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New Census Data Cause Shifts in Emergency Shelter Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-10. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 5, 2003. 2 p.

["Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) felt the impact of new decennial census population data in FY 2002, and poverty and housing data in FY 2003. The latter data are causing major CDBG reallocations; Emergency Shelter Grants should see similar fluctuations in FY 2004."]

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"Starting Over." And "Mr. Fixit: California CIO J. Clark Kelso Attempts to Repair The State's IT Governance Structure." By Shane Peterson. IN: Government Technology, (February/March 2003) pp. 11, 19-22; 42-45.

["California finds itself at the core of a debate over centralization vs. decentralization as the state attempts to rebuild its IT management structure.... The rationale for rigid centralized control of IT projects and purchasing held that IT is important enough to merit a Cabinet-level presence in states.... J. Clark Kelso has begun laying the groundwork for a new IT governance structure in the state, attempting to fill the void left by last summer's closure of California's Department of Information Technology.... Kelso also is leading a push to retool California's approach to procurement and IT funding, although budget uncertainty has forced the state to hold off on wholesale changes."]

Starting Over:

Mr. Fixit?:

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Information Technology: Control Structures Are Only Part of Successful Governance. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2002-111. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) February 2003. 78 p.

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["Overhaul Urged in Computer Contracts State's IT Chief Says An Oversight Panel Is Needed to Avert Another Oracle: Clark Kelso recommended an overhaul of the state's information technology governance, including a board to oversee programs and strategic plans, in the aftermath of last year's scandal over a $95 million software contract with Oracle Corp." Sacramento Bee (February 15, 2003) A3.]

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"Efficacy and Safety of Ephedra and Ephedrine for Weight Loss and Athletic Performance." By Paul G. Shekelle and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 12 (March 26, 2003) pp. 1537-1545.

["Ephedra likely would never have been approved had it undergone review.... similar to the scrutiny given over-the-counter and prescription drugs." San Francisco Chronicle (March 11, 2003) A12.]

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A System in Crisis: More ERs Shut; Losses Grow. By California Medical Association. ( The Association, San Francisco, California) March 2003. 18 p.

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[“California emergency rooms are teetering closer to financial collapse from an overburdened and undercompensated health-care system, according to a … report…. The state's hospital emergency rooms lost $390 million in fiscal year 2001, a 24% increase compared with the previous year, according to the report. Fresno Bee (March 1, 2003) 1.]

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Framework for Discussion: A Review of Long-Term Care Programs in California. By Deborah Reidy Kelch. Prepared for the California Research Bureau. 2002 Educational Tour Series. Policy Brief No. 2. CRB-03-002 (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) February 2003. 29 p.; Appendix.

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["This policy brief is intended to provide a framework for discussion on the future of long-term care services in California. It identifies the agencies involved, highlights some recent trends and policy developments and offers some policy options."]

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Disproportionate Share Hospital Payments Fall. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS 03-11. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 11, 2003. 5 p.

["States will lose approximately $1.2 billion in 2003 Medicaid grants as temporary increases in fiscal year (FY) 2001 and (FY) 2002 disproportionate share hospital payments expire. The new ceilings will affect funds flowing to both hospitals and mental health institutions."]

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"Club Med: As Prescription Drug Costs Soar, States Are Leveraging Their Market Power by Creating Purchasing Pools." By John Buntin. IN: Governing, vol. 16 no. 6 (March 2003) pp. 36-37.

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["As prescription drug cost soar, states are leveraging their market power by creating purchasing pools.... In recent years, rising health care costs have throttled state budgets. Spending on prescription drugs, in particular, increased by an average of 16 percent per year throughout the 1990's, and double-digit annual increases are expected for the next decade as well. Faced with these predictions, states are seeking new solutions."]

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The Myth of Victory: Toward A Tobacco-Free California 2003-2005: Master Plan. By the Tobacco Education and Research Oversight Committee, California Department of Health Services. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) January 2003. 49 p.

["The intermediate goal in this Master Plan is to reduce adult smoking prevalence in California to 13% and youth prevalence to 4% by the end of 2005. Past experience in California demonstrates that our goal is achievable if the tobacco control community and the Legislature renew their commitment to the public health tobacco control program."]

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The Cost Of Smoking In California: 1999. By Wendy Max and others, Institute for Health & Aging, School of Nursing, University of California (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 211 p.

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["The current report reviews previous smoking cost estimates for California and presents new estimates of the economic cost of smoking in 1999 for the State of California and for each county in California.... More than 43,000 people (25,000 men and 18,000 women) in the state died due to smoking in 1999, comprising 19 percent of all deaths in California.]

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House Price Bubbles. By John Krainer, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. No.2003-06. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) March 7, 2003. 4 p.

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["I adopt two different strategies to evaluate house prices. The first is to compare the recent price appreciation with the behavior of house prices in similar stages of past cycles.... The second strategy assesses whether house prices are high relative to their underlying rental value."]

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NLIHC President Shelia Crowley's Statement on HUD FY04 Budget. By Shelia Crowley, The National Low Income Housing Coalition (The Coalition, Washington, DC) February 4, 2003. 1 p.

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["The Bush Administration's proposed FY04 budget for the Department of Housing and Urban Development fails to address the nation's most serious housing problems, threatens existing housing resources, and radically restructures the housing choice voucher program, the nation's most successful housing assistance program."]

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How Will the Governor's 2003-04 Proposed Budget Affect California's Child Care and Development System? By Deanna Carrillo, California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) March 2003. 8 p.

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["Quality child care is a fundamental component of California's social infrastructure, empowering local families to move toward self-sufficiency and investing in the school readiness of California's children. Given the state's current fiscal position, the governor's sweeping policy changes to California's child care and development system could help balance the budget in the short term. However, adopting the Governor's Proposed Budget could have several unintended consequences, bringing more inequity and complexity into an already over-burdened and under-funded system."

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Child Support 101: An Introductory Course for Legislators. Lesson One: Why Do We Need Child Support? Lesson Two: Six Steps for Child Support Enforcement. By the National Conference of State Legislatures. (The Conference, Washington, DC) 2003. 8 p.

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["Strong child support programs have been shown to keep families together.... Lesson One examined the underlying economic and societal justifications for the child support program. Lesson Two provides an overview of the child support enforcement process."]

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Families Coping without Earnings or Government Cash Assistance. By Sheila R. Zedlewski and others. Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 2003. 62 p.

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["Improved access to food stamps and health care, including a better understanding of how these programs work, would boost low-income families' well-being and employment prospects. A less threatening child support system and welfare programs that prevent families from leaving before they are self-sufficient would help to establish a more stable floor of income for families with children."]

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The FTAA's Impact on Democratic Governance. By Peter Evans, University of California, Berkeley, and Mark Barenberg, Columbia University. (The Author, Berkeley, California) March 1, 2003. 51 p.

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["The FTAA's consequences for governance in the hemisphere are likely to be at least as significant as its effects on the flow of goods and capital.... This outlines some of the likely features of the FTAA's governance provisions and assess their implication for democratic governance, the rule of law, and state capacities to promote equitable economic development in the hemisphere."]

[Request #S7639]

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Democracy and Islam in the New Constitution of Afghanistan. By Khaled M. Abou El Fadl and others, Center for Asia Pacific Policy. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 55 p.

Full Text at:

["A guard against judicial overstepping (on the pretext of interpreting Islam) is a comprehensive body of carefully crafted, obligatory, statutory law.... If judicial review is to be exercised, whether conformity to Islam is included in that review or not, it should be done by a competent and independent body. In the Afghan context, the existing judiciary is in disarray and may not be able to carry out the profound responsibility of judicial review for some time."]

[Request #S7640]

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Federal Formula Grants and California: Federal Highway Programs: By Tim Ransdell and Shervin Boloorian, California Institute for Federal Policy Research, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 2003. 90 p.; Appendices

Full Text at:

["This report is part of an ongoing series of federal formula grant program reviews. It examines the mechanics of federal highway formulas that determine funding levels for California and other states, and it assesses the varying effect of factors contained in those formulas."]

[Request #S7641]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Vol. 10, Bulletin 6-7. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 13-20, 2003 22 p.

Full Text at: http://

Includes: "California Exports Falter; Texas Takes The Lead;" "Homeland Security Announces First Responders Grants Available;" "California Challenging EPA's New Clean Air Rules;" "California Public Schools Spent Nearly $7000 Per Pupil in 2000-2001: Higher State Spending Levels Will Yield More Federal Title I Money;" "California's Housing Element Law Evaluated;" and others.

[Request #S7642]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



The Value of a Good Idea: Protecting Intellectual Property in An Information Economy. By Kristen Loberg and others. (Silver Lake Publishing, Los Angeles, California) 2002. 436 p.; Appendix.

["This book explains the types of intellectual property that exist, and provides a working knowledge of how you can protect your good ideas from others.... [It has sections on] the most commonly recognized types of intellectual property: copyrights, trademarks and patents." NOTE: The Value of Good Idea... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S7643]

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Our Schools And Our Future ...Are We Still At Risk? By Paul E. Peterson (Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, California) 2003. 378 p.

Full Text at:

["Twenty years ago ... A Nation at Risk ... awakened millions of Americans to a national crisis in primary and secondary education.... In this report the Task Force looks at the response to the report and analyzes why it produced so much activity and so little improvement.... They conclude that fundamental changes are needed ... and offer recommendations based on three core principles: accountability, choice and transparency."]

[Request #S7644]

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Buying Time: The Fallacies of Campaign Reform and Our Advertising Laws. By Craig B. Holman and Luke McLoughlin, Brennan Center for Justice. (The Center, New York New York) April 2002.

["Ads, Interest Groups New Factors in State Supreme Court Races: The report reveals that political advertising, interest-group spending and all of the controversies that surround them are becoming increasingly common.... In almost every race with television advertising, the winner was the candidate with the most support on the air.... Higher spending correlated strongly with winning." Guardian (Winter 2003) 4.]]

[Request #S7648]

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