Subject: Studies in the News 03-20 (April 8, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "April 4, 1853 - Dr. Andrew Randall, newly appointed chairman and Lewis W. Sloat, son of the commodore, were to draw up a constitution for The California Academy of Sciences (and attend) a meeting at 129 Montgomery Street to discuss the founding of an academy of sciences in San Francisco. "  

April 1853 - "On April 9, 1853 the S.S. Lewis ran aground at Bolinas, after overrunning San Francisco Bay. 385 passengers were rescued. On April 11, 1853 the Steamer Jenny Lind exploded with a heavy loss of life. "  

Contents This Week

   File-sharing and child pornography
   Expense of parole supervision
   Drug courts for adult defendants
   Intervention programs for child delinquents
   Pay phones in prison facilities
   Alcohol consumption and underage drinking
   Juveniles' competence to stand trial
   State of the Indian Nations
   Ethnicity in legislative districts
   Forced contributions to agriculture promotions
   International trade and the Bay Area economy
   Impacts of tribal economic development
   Rebuilding California's infrastructure
   New position on trade in services
   Protecting personal information
   Top universities for patents
   Technological changes
   Achievement of disadvantaged students
   Ending social promotion
   High schools disconnected from college preparation
   Vending machines and foods in schools
   Workforce Inclusion Act
   Testimony on power marketers
   Decision on price manipulation
   Financing brownfields cleanup
   Recovery plan for sea otters
   Military exemption from environmental law
   Smart growth and active communities
   Geothermal energy policies
   Federal funding among states
   House budget has power to cut programs
   House and senate budgets
   Federal budget deficits
   Voting difficulties in the suburbs
   Reducing alcohol and drug addiction
   Strokes and Alzheimer's
   Immigrant welfare use
   Court ruling on HMOs
   Medicare HMO guide
   Attorney General sues Internet cigarette sellers
   Perspectives on the chronic care system
   California teen pregnancy
   Strengthening marriage
   Life with (or without) father
   Fathers and domestic violence
   Paid parental leave
   Teen pregnancy rates
   China's WTO compliance
   California institute's briefing on federal issues
   Assumptions of mulitculturalism
   Anatomy of financial nightmares
   The knowledge economy and community colleges
   Social and emotional skills in school
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



File-Sharing Programs: Child Pornography Is Readily Accessible Over Peer-to-Peer Networks. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-537T. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 13, 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at:

["Study Warns of Porn Access on Peer Networks: Child pornography is increasingly available on popular peer-to-peer computer networks used to download music, and juveniles can be inadvertently exposed to such images while searching for songs or games, according to a report." Los Angeles Times (March 13, 2003) 3.]

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Parole in California, 1980-2000: Implications For Reform: Testimony Presented to the Little Hoover Commission. By Jeremy Travis, The Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 27, 2003. 21 p.

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["California has embarked on parole policies markedly different from every other state in the country, with significantly greater use of parole supervision and dramatically greater use of parole violations.... These policies are very expensive, with uncertain benefits, and should be examined through the same critical cost-benefit lens as any other policy, particularly in a fiscal emergency such as the one California faces today."]

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Washington State's Drug Courts For Adult Defendants: Outcome Evaluation And Cost-Benefit Analysis. By Washington State Institute for Public Policy (The Institute, Olympia, Washington) March 2003. 12 p.

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["The 2002 Legislature directed the institute to report on the cost-effectiveness of existing drug courts in Washington and their impacts on reducing recidivism. This report describes our findings.... We found that the five adult drug courts generate $1.74 in benefits for each dollar of costs. Thus, adult drug courts appear to be cost-effective additions to Washington's criminal justice system."]

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Treatment, Services, and Intervention Programs for Child Delinquents. By Barbara J. Burns and others, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. Child Delinquency Bulletin Series. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2003. 15 p.

Full Text at:

["This Bulletin reviews treatment and services available to child delinquents and their families and examines their efficacy.... The timely provision of the kinds of treatment, services, and intervention programs described in this Bulletin while child delinquents are still young and impressionable may prevent their progression to chronic criminality, saving the expense of later interventions."]

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Payphones in Prison Facilities: Hearing. By the California Joint Committee on Prison Construction and Operations. 1150-S. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 16, 2003. 59 p.

["In the last couple of years, discussions have focused on the very high rates being charged for station-to-station or collect calls.... We begin with an overview of the history of the State payphone contract followed by the current status of the payphone contract and future proposals."]

[Request #S7716]

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“Alcohol Consumption and Expenditures for Underage Drinking and Adult Excessive Drinking.” By Susan E. Foster and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of American Medical Association, vol. 289 no. 8 (February 26, 2003) pp. 989-995.

["The proportion of 12- to 20-year-olds who drink was estimated to be 50.0% using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey; the proportion of adults aged 21 or older who drink was estimated to be 52.8% using data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System.... Consumer expenditure on alcohol in the United States in 1999 was $116.2 billion; of that, $22.5 billion was attributed to underage drinking and $34.4 billion was attributed to adult excessive drinking."]

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Juveniles' Competence to Stand Trial: A Comparison of Adolescents' and Adults' Capacities as Trial Defendents. By Thomas Grisso and others, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. (The Foundation, Chicago, Illinois) 2003. 66 p.

Full Text at:'%20competence%20to%20stand%20trial%20(LHB).pdf

["Study Questions Trying Teens As Adults: The study said many children under 16 had as much difficulty grasping the complex legal proceedings as adults who had been ruled incompetent to go to court.... The study recommends that states reconsider the minimum age for juveniles to be tried as adults or to develop a system for evaluating young defendants' competence." Associated Press Online (March 3, 2003) 1.]

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The State Of Indian Nations Today: Mapping a Course For the Next Seven Generations. Presented by Tex Hall, National Congress of American Indians. (The Congress, Washington, DC) January 31, 2003. 11 p.

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["Indian Leader Urges Bush to Help Tribes with Health, Poverty: Tex Hall painted a picture in which American Indian leaders are challenged with high poverty rates, severe impediments to economic development and a skeletal health system. Nearly one-fourth of American Indian households have no telephone service, more than 14 percent of reservation homes lack electricity and 8 percent have no running water." Associated Press State & Local Wire (January 31, 2003) 1.]

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Census 2000 Race and Latino Origin in California: Assembly, Senate and Congressional Districts. By Martha Jones, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB-03-010. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) 2003. 61 p.

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["This CRB Note summarizes Census 2000 information about the racial and ethnic composition of California Senate, Assembly and Congressional districts. It reports the number of people falling into different racial and ethnic categories in each district, the percentage of people in each category, and includes tables ranking the districts by their racial and ethnic characteristics."]

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Joseph Cochran, et al. v. Ann Veneman, et al. U.S. District Court, Middle District of Pennsylvania. CV-01-0529. March 24, 2003

["A federal judge dealt a setback to organic farmers when he ruled that a Pennsylvania couple could be forced to contribute money to a national dairy-promotion campaign known for its ads featuring celebrities wearing milk mustaches.... The suits, filed independently in courts around the country, argue that forcing farmers to participate violates their right to free speech.... Other suits have targeted fees collected to promote watermelons, avocados, eggs, honey and tree fruits, the Department of Agriculture said." Associated Press (March 25, 2003) 1.]

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International Trade and the Bay Area Economy: Regional Interests and Global Outlook 2003. Bay Area Economic Forum. (The Forum, San Francisco, California) January 2003. 84 p.

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["The report finds that the global economy should expand modestly in 2003, with growth rate of 3.7 percent. The U.S. and other major economies will continue to experience slow growth.... The report finds that exports from California have grown faster than exports from the U.S. as a whole, and the state accounts for higher share of U.S. exports."]

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Update On Impacts Of Tribal Economic Development Projects In San Diego County. By the Land Use and Environment Group, The County of San Diego. Prepared for the County of San Diego Board of Supervisors (The County, San Diego, California) April 2003. Various pagings.

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["The report has a chapter on each tribe's history, government services and enterprises. It touches on other environmental issues -- such as water resources, air quality and backcountry growth -- and urges supervisors to seek more stringent controls in upcoming compact negotiations between tribes and Governor Gray Davis. Additionally the report discusses the economic gains casinos have brought to the reservations and the region. It outlines taxes paid by tribes and the county's share of casino revenues going to the state." The San Diego Tribune (March 27, 2003) 1 p.]

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Making Room for the Future: Rebuilding California's Infrastructure. By David E. Dowall, Public Policy Institute of California, and Jan Whittington. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2003. 225 p.

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["The report analyzes the issues and opportunities confronting three of the state's major infrastructure responsibilities -- education, water, and transportation -- and identifies a range of policy tools that can be used to improve infrastructure service delivery." Research Brief (March 2003) 1.]

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United States of America – Initial Offer. By the Office of the United States Trade Representative. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2003.

[“The Bush administration, hoping to boost flagging global trade talks, released America's initial offer covering trade in services, an area where U.S. companies expect to make big economic gains by tearing down global barriers….The U.S. proposal represents America's initial response to requests made by other nations for barriers they would like to see removed in the area of services. State and local governments had become concerned that the Bush administration would agree to changes that would severely limit them from enforcing current regulations on service providers from banks to doctors.” Sacramento Bee (April 1, 2003) C5.]

Initial Offer. 120 p.

Fact Sheet. 3 p.”

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Protecting Personal Information. By Rita Thaemert, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 18. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 2 p.

["States enacted more than 50 laws related to the protection of personal information between 2001 and 2002.... At least 22 states regulate the use of Social Security numbers.... [Includes 50 state] Personal Information Privacy Laws."]

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United States Patent and Trademark Office Releases List of Top 10 Universities Receiving Most Patents in 2002, University of California leads U.S. Academic Institutions for Ninth Consecutive Year: Press release. By U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 26, 2003. 1 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes University of California, California Institute of Technology and Stanford University in top four.]

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Technological Change. By Bharat Trehan, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2003-08. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) March 21, 2003. 4 p.

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["This Economic Letter summarizes the papers presented at the conference 'Technological Change,' held at the Bank under the joint sponsorship of the Bank and the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. The papers are listed at the end and are available at"]

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Lagging Achievement of Disadvantaged Students Remains a Critical Problem. By the Education Commission of the States. The Progress of Education Reform 2003. Closing The Achievement Gap. Vol. 4, No. 1. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 4 p.

["Research has identified a variety of factors that appear related to the achievement gap.... This issue provides summaries of the latest research on the causes, dimensions and effects of the achievement gap, along with links to other sources of information."]

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Ending Social Promotion: Results From Summer Bridge. By Melissa Roderick and others, The Consortium on Chicago School Research (The Consortium, Chicago, Illinois) February 2003. Various pagings.

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["Summer School's Effect Not Lasting, Study Finds: A summer school program designed to help end social promotions in Chicago's public schools benefited pupils in the short term, but the progress did not continue during the year, a study found.... Two years after they participated in the program, the pupils did not perform any better on standardized tests than similar pupils who did not attend the program." Chicago Tribune (March 14, 2003) C6.]

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Betraying the College Dream: How Disconnected K-12 and Postsecondary Education Systems Undermine Student Aspirations. By Andrea Venezia and others. (The Stanford Institute for Higher Education Research, Stanford, California) 2003. 73 p.

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["More middle school students than ever expect to go to college -- but, according to this report, unnecessary barriers between high school and college undermine these aspirations. Students get little accurate information to correct misperceptions about what college costs and who can get financial aid, about what it takes to get in and stay in college. In addition the research found that high school assessments often are disconnected from college entrance and placement requirements." Connect for Kids (March 31, 2003).]

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Vending Machines and Competitive Foods in Schools. By L. Jeanne Kaufmann, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 19. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2003. 2 p.

["Vending machines in schools help fund extracurricular activities, computers, software, and academic and sports programs.... At issue is improving nutritional standards and restricting student access to unhealthy snack foods.... Last year, many state legislatures introduced bills restricting sales or setting nutrition standards for foods and beverages offered on campus."]

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The California Workforce Inclusion Act. By Donna Folkemer and Diana Hinton, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 23. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2003. 2 p.

["The goal of the act is to provide comprehensive employment systems and supports by streamlining and refocusing services. One-stop centers authorized under federal law provide help in preparing for jobs in most communities.... The act reinforces the centers' obligations to be fully accessible to people with disabilities."]

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Summary of Testimony of Pat Wood, III, Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Presented to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. (The Committee, Washington, DC) March 27, 2003.

["In a daunting display of senatorial anger, Republican and Democratic members of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee gave FERC Chairman Pat Wood a tongue-lashing for what they said was the commission's failure to adequately compensate western states for damages they incurred during California's power market meltdown.... Sen. Gordon Smith (R-Ore.) accused FERC of trying to protect power marketers rather than consumers. Smith also said he would strongly oppose any effort to include FERC's proposed standard market design for wholesale power markets in electricity provisions included in comprehensive energy legislation the committee is scheduled to begin marking up." Energy Daily (March 28, 2003) 1.]

Wood testimony. Various pagings.

Other testimony. Various pagings.

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Final Report on Price Manipulation in Western Markets: Fact-Finding Investigation of Potential Manipulation of Electric and Natural Gas Prices. By the Staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) March 2003.

["The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission said energy firms had manipulated the natural gas and electricity markets, and indicated it would order the firms to refund at least $3.3 billion to California-far short of the $9 billion the state had requested.... Because FERC also ruled that California must pay generators the $3 billion it racked up in unpaid power bills, a $3.3 billion refund won't make much of a dent in the state's woes." San Francisco Chronicle (March 27, 2003) B1.]

Report, Part 1. 189 p.

Report, Part 2. 155 p.

Press releases. Various pagings.< FONT>

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Financing Brownfields Cleanup and Redevelopment. By L. Cheryl Runyon and Larry Morandi, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 16. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 2 p.

["A 'brownfield' is an abandoned commercial or industrial site whose future use may be affected by contamination.... These sites can be redeveloped into economic centers, recreational areas, housing and open spaces. Paying for redevelopment is an increasingly important topic as state and local governments look to these sites to spur economic development and manage growth and sprawl while protecting public health."]

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Final Revised Recovery Plan for the Southern Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). By the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (The Service, Portland, Oregon) April 2003. 63 p.

Full Text at:

[Toxic chemicals, oil spills and depleted habitats are killing off California's sea otters.The report, 16 years in the making, recommends letting the southern sea otters roam along Central California's Gaviota Coast where they once thrived, ending a "no otter zone" south of Point Conception. The wider range would help protect the population in the event of a major oil spill. The report also recommends raising the population threshold for removing the species from protection under the federal Endangered Species Act from the 2,650 set under the last plan to at least 3,090 animals." Sacramento Bee (April 3, 2003) A6.]

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Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative Summary. By the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Environmental Network and Information Exchange. (The Exchange, Washington, DC) April 18, 2002.

["Saying military readiness is at stake, the Pentagon is asking Congress to exempt military installations, including several in California, from environmental laws protecting marine mammals and endangered species and requiring the cleanup of potentially toxic weapons sites.... There has long been friction at California's military installations, where training such as live bombing, tank maneuvers and amphibious beach assaults can run afoul of federal protections for the plants and animals on military lands." Los Angeles Times (March 19, 2003) 1 p.]

Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative Q & A. 6 p.
Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative factsheets. Various pagings.

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Health and Smart Growth: Building Health, Promoting Active Communities. By William L. Roger and others. Funders' Network. (The Network, Miami, Florida) February 2003. 20 p.

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[In recent years, researchers, funders, and practitioners have become increasingly aware of close linkages between community design, land use patterns, and public health.... Public health is impacted by development practices in a variety of ways. Physical activity, air quality, water quality, ecological balance, and social networks are all impacted by the built environment."]

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Geothermal Energy: A Primer on State Policies and Technology. By Troy Gagliano, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. Vol. 28, No. 1. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) January 2003. 13 p.

["Legislators are becoming increasingly interested in how renewable energy technologies such as geothermal, wind, biomass and solar power can enhance the nation's energy security, stimulate economic development, improve air quality, and protect customers from volatile energy prices. Many states that have relied on fossil fuels or hydroelectric power are expanding their use of renewable energy in order to diversify their energy portfolio."]

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Formula Grants: 2000 Census Redistributes Federal Funding Among States. By the U. S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-178. (The Office, Washington, DC). February 2003. 36 p.

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["Correcting population estimates for the 2000 census redistributes among states about $380 million in federal grant funding ... most of the shift in funding occurs in fiscal year 2003 ... California, Florida and New York accounted for a high percentage of the correction in population estimates in their perspective regions."]

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House Budget Gives Government Reform Unprecedent Power To Cut Programs In Other Committees' Jurisdictions. By Richard Kogan and Robert Greenstein, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) March 31, 2003. 2 p.

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["The budget plan ... passed on March 21, 2003, includes a reconciliation directive that requires 13 House committees to cut mandatory programs by specified amounts. The directive also gives vast unprecedented authority to the House Government Reform Committee to cut programs in other committees' jurisdictions."]

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Comparing the House and Senate Budgets. By Robert Greenstein and Richard Kogan, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (The Center, Washington, DC) April 1, 2003. 4 p.

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["The Senate and House budgets now in conference each would increase deficits by nearly $2 trillion through 2013, with the House budget adding almost $1.9 trillion to deficits and the Senate adding $1.7 trillion. But the two budgets nevertheless differ in important ways."]

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Exploding Deficits, Declining Growth: The Federal Budget and the Aging of America: Policy Statement. By the Research and Policy Committee of the Committee for Economic Development (The Committee, Washington, DC) March 2003. 60 p.

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["'Friendly Fire' Hits Tax Plan: In somber, hard-hitting language, the report offers a reminder that annual deficits of $300 billion to $400 billion loom as far as the eye can see. That's not including the administration's new tax proposals, the report estimates they would raise the 10-year deficit by $2.7 trillion.... They warn that deficits will cripple the ability of future governments to invest in education and infrastructure." Los Angeles Times (March 6, 2003) 16.]

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Political Participation and the Accessibility of the Ballot Box. By James G. Gimple, University of Maryland, and Jason E. Schuknecht. (The Author, College Park, Maryland) March 2003. 29 p.

["Gimple outlines a series of policy changes that he says could stimulate turnout by making voting more accessible. They include opening more polling places -- some along mass transit lines -- making Election Day a national holiday and loosening regulations that cover voting by mail." Washington Post (March 2, 2003) C4.]

[Request #S7739]

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For Our Health & Safety: Joining Forces To Defeat Addiction. By the Little Hoover Commission (The Commission, Sacramento, California) March 2003. 104 p.

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["The commission criticized the state drug and alcohol abuse programs for working inefficiently and failing to ensure quality of care statewide.... Managed correctly, alcohol and drug treatment is a cost-effective response to these expensive maladies, saving $7 for each dollar spent, the commission said." Contra Costa Times (March 12, 2003) F4.]

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"Silent Strokes and Dementia." By John P. Blass and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348 no. 13 (March 27, 2003) pp. 1277-1278.

["Symptomless unnoticed strokes more than double the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a study.... Elderly people who suffered tiny 'silent strokes' - detected by an MRI - had their mental function decline more sharply and were about 2.3 times more likely to develop Alzheimer's or other types of dementia, researchers found." Sacramento Bee (March 27, 2003) A20.]

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Back Where We Started: An Examination Of Trends Of Immigrant Welfare Use Since Welfare Reform. By Steven A. Camarota, Center For Immigration Studies. (The Center, New York, New York) March 2003. 20 p.

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["Back Where We Started: '96 Law Failed to Cut Overall Immigrant Welfare Use: Rather than reducing immigration levels, Congress in 1996 chose to deal with the problem of heavy immigrant welfare use by adopting a punitive approach of denying many immigrants access to welfare programs.... New research from the Center shows that this approach has largely failed." U.S. Newswire (March 17, 2003) 1.]

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Kentucky Association of Health Plans, Inc., et al. v. Miller, Commissioner, Kentucky Department of Insurance. U.S. Supreme Court. 00-1471. April 2, 2003. 14 p.

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["The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states can force HMOs to expand patient access to doctors and hospitals, upholding laws on the books in more than 20 states and potentially giving California greater power to regulate health plans.... Although California doesn't have a similar statute, known as an 'any willing provider' law, state officials said the ruling would bolster efforts here to pass legislation policing HMOs and medical groups." Sacramento Bee (April 3, 2003) A1.]

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2003 Guide to California Medicare HMOs. By the California Healthcare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) 2003. 111 p.

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["This guide ... rates every Medicare HMO in the state, evaluates the benefits they provide and out-of-pocket costs, tells which plans offer the best prescription drug coverage, and identifies the HMOs which we have judged to have financial problems that could affect care."]

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The People of the State of California v. D.C, Inc. dba WWW.DIRTCHEAPCIG.COM, et al. San Diego County Superior Court. Complaint for Injunction, Civil Penalties, and Other Relief. March 28, 2003.

["It isn't hard for kids to find weapons of mass destruction. They just have to click their way to Dirt Cheap Cigarettes, one of a number of online tobacco merchants that state officials say make it all too easy for minors to score smokes. That's why, after months of quiet investigation, California Attorney General Bill Lockyer will file suit against five out-of-state Internet tobacco vendors, who are charged with not just peddling nicotine to children but also dodging state cigarette taxes." San Francisco Chronicle (April 1, 2003) A2.]

Complaint. 13 p.

Press release. 1 p.

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"Physician, Public, and Policymaker Perspectives on Chronic Conditions." By Gerard F. Anderson, Partnership For Solutions. IN: Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 163 (February 24, 2003) pp. 437-442.

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["This report analyzes survey information from physicians, policymakers and the public on their opinions of the chronic care system. According to the report, the public is the most positive about the current system, and policymakers are the least positive. The report recommends that the system respond to the concern of providers, the public and policymakers that the current system does not address the needs of those with chronic conditions." Kaiser Daily Health Policy Report (April 2, 2003).]

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No Time For Complacency: Teen Births In California. By Norman A. Constantine and Carmen R. Nevarez, Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute. (The Institute, Berkeley, California) March 2003. 34 p.

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["Outlook Grim for Single Moms; Ranks Likely to Grow As Jobs Decline: The institute projected that a decade-long decline in the state's teen birth rate will reverse itself within the next three years. It is then expected to increase by 23 percent a year through 2008. The expected rise in California's poverty rate accounts for the increase, the institute's researchers say." Sacramento Bee (March 26, 2003) A3.]

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Strengthening Marriage and Two-Parent Families. By Courtney Jarchow, National Conference of State Legislatures. Welfare Reform; State Choices on Welfare. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2003. 15 p.

["Although the laws that regulate marriage and divorce are important components of the discussion of marriage, they are not the focus of this policy brief. This policy brief was designed to provide an introduction to the research findings on family structure and to identify some state policy options for encouraging healthy marriages."]

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"Life With (or Without) Father: The Benefits of Living With Two Biological Parents Depend on the Father's Antisocial Behavior." By Sara R. Jaffee and others. IN: Child Development, vol. 74, no. 1 (January/February 2003) pp. 109-126.

["This article reviews the evidence that children raised in single-parent families experience poorer outcomes compared with children raised by two biological parents, to evaluate whether the salutary effects of being raised by two biological parents apply to all families and to consider the implications of policy designed explicitly to promote marriage."]

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Fatherhood Programs and Domestic Violence. By Marguerite Roulet, Center on Fathers, Families and Public Policy. (The Center, Madison, Wisconsin) 2003. 20 p.

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["One of the difficult issues confronting programs that work with fathers is how they can or should address domestic violence, particularly if the programs are actively supporting their clients’ involvement with their children and other family members. This report...discusses these issues." Poverty Law News (March 6, 2003).]

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Putting Parenting First: Why It's Time For Universal Paid Leave. By Robert D. Atkinson, Progressive Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2003. 9 p.

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["Not all parents return to work soon after giving birth because of financial reasons. But for working parents who would like to stay home but cannot afford to, providing more generous tax credits and UI benefits can make family leave feasible. The time parents spend with their infants is an indispensable social investment in the future of America's families, and most importantly in the healthy start for our children."]

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"Teen Pregnancy Gets Knocked Down; Community Agencies Use Myriad Tactics to Cut into Country's No. 1 Ranking. By John Kelly. IN: Youth Today (March 2003) pp. 10-14.

["Recent statistics on teen pregnancy rates show that pregnancy preventions might be working.... Nevertheless, teen pregnancy and birth rates continue to tower over the rest of the developed world.... Youth programs have embraced new approaches to convincing teens to be sexually prudent ... targeting youth with special characteristics."]

[Request #S7753]

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World Trade Organization: First-Year U.S. Efforts to Monitor China's Compliance. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-461. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2003. 44 p.

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["U.S. agencies experiences in two areas during the first year of China's World Trade Organization membership illustrates the challenges ahead in addressing compliance issues.... U.S officials continue to pursue their resolution with China in 2003."]

[Request #S7754]

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California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute For Federal Policy Research. Vol. 10, Bulletin 7-9 (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 20 - April 4, 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "Bipartisan Californians Lead Fusion Energy Sciences Funding Efforts, Cosponsors Sought;" "California Public Schools Spent Nearly $7000 Per Pupil in 2000-2001; Higher State Spending Levels Will Yield More Federal Title 1 Money;" "Homeland Security Funds Being Released To State and Local Governments;" "Education and Workforce Committee Approves WIA Reauthorization;" "Southern California Housing Market Remains Strong;" "Energy Bill Contains Oxygenate Elimination;" and others.]

[Request #S7755]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. By Seyla Benhahib. Princeton University Press (Princeton, New Jersey) 2002. 280 p.

["Seyla Benhahib challenges the assumption shared by many theorists and activists that cultures are clearly defined wholes. She argues that much debate -- including that of 'strong' multiculturalism, which sees cultures as distinct pieces of a mosaic -- is dominated by this faulty belief, one with grave consequences for how we think injustices among groups should be redressed and human diversity achieved."]

[Request #S7760]

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Megaprojects and Risk: An Antatomy of Ambition. By Bent Flyvbjerg and others. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, New York) 2003. 257 p.

["Love them or loathe them, megaprojects capture the imagination. Dams and metro systems, bridges and tunnels, airports and pipelines are the stuff of dreams -- and nightmares. Bent Flyvbjerg's analysis concentrates on a series of financial nightmares that should bring even the most casual reader out in a sweat." New Scientist (March 29, 2003) 55.]

[Request #S7761]

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“Community Colleges in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities.” By Thomas Bailey. IN: The Knowledge Economy and Postsecondary Education: Report of a Workshop (2002) pp. 59-76. TC

Full Text at:

["After several decades of growth, community colleges now face a particularly challenging environment.... In this chapter, I describe some of the challenges facing community colleges and then articulate the positive trends that may increase the demand for the services of community colleges."]

[Request #S7762]

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EQ+IQ=Best Leadership Practices for Caring and Successful Schools. By Maurice J. Elias and others. (Corwin Press,Inc., Thousand Oaks, California) 2003. 239 p.

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["Combining emotional intelligence (EQ) with academic intelligence (IQ) is the essential key to developing knowledgeable, caring, healthy, and successful students in today's troubled world. Social-emotional skills often are not taught at home, but they are in fact the crucial connection that enables students to master and retain content knowlege while also creating a classroom atmosphere filled with proficient, civic-minded students with sound judgment and problem-solving skills that will last a lifetime."]

[Request #S7763]

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