Subject: Studies in the News 03-21 (April 9, 2003)

Studies in the News
Environmental Supplement

Contents This Week

   Concentrated animal feeding operations
   Repeal of agriculture air exemption
   Hybrid cars cleaner than fuel cells
   Risks from electromagnetic fields
   Gray wolf moves from endangered to threatened
   Sonoma tiger salamander receives endangered status
   Recovery plan for San Joaquin chaparral
   California natural resource assessment
   North Coast logging affects rivers
   Transit oriented development
   Winning land development issues
   California farmworker pesticide illnesses
   Salmon egg size in captivity
   Metropolitan Water District's water supply
   Hunting participation declines
   Studies in the News, March 25, 2003
   Studies in the News, February 26, 2003
   Studies in the News, March 7, 2003
   Studies in the News, April 8, 2003
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Regulation and Effluent Limitation Guidelines and Standards for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs): Final Rule. IN: Federal Register, vol. 68, no. 29 (February 12, 2003) pp. 7175-7274.

Full Text at:

["New Regulations for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: The EPA recently issued regulations requiring livestock and poultry operations to obtain permits originally designed to regulate wastewater from factories." Mondaq Business Briefing (February 10, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7764]

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Finding of Substantial Inadequacy of Implementation Plan; Call for California State Implementation Plan Revision. And Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District. And Interim Final Determination That State Has Corrected Rule Deficiencies and Stay and/or Deferral of Sanctions, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District. IN: Federal Register, vol. 68, no. 30. (February 13, 2003) pp. 7321-7322, 7327-7337.

["The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency told California to repeal a long-standing air rule exemption for agriculture or face statewide financial sanctions on new, large businesses in November. The EPA confronted the state as the agency approved a new San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District permit program that does not include the farm exemption. But the Valley's permit program, which addresses new sources of air pollution, still can't be enforced on farms because state law dating back to 1976 exempts agriculture from such programs." Fresno Bee (February 14, 2002) 1.]

Inadequacy of State plan
Proposed approval of revisions
Stay of sanctions

[Request #S7765]

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Comparative Assessment of Fuel Cell Cars. By Malcolm A. Weiss, and others, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (The Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts) February 2003. 29 p.

Full Text at:

["Hybrid cars, which combine electric motors with small petroleum engines, will outpace the environmental benefits of hydrogen fuel cell cars until at least 2020, according to a university study. Hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles have low emissions and energy use on the road, but converting a hydrocarbon fuel such as natural gas or gasoline into hydrogen to fuel such vehicles uses substantial energy and emits greenhouse gases, the study said." Environmental News Network (March 7, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7766]

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An Evaluation of the Possible Risks From Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) From Power Lines, Internal Wiring, Electrical Occupations and Appliances. By Raymond Richard Neutra and others, California EMF Program, California Department of Health and Human Services. (The Program, Oakland, California) June 2002. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

[“Electromagnetic fields from power lines, appliances and wiring in home and schools can increase the risk of childhood leukemia, miscarriages and other diseases…. The opinion runs counter to the majority scientific view that years of intense research have shown little or no association between human disease and exposure to electromagnetic fields or EMFs…. A series … of reports adds credence to those who suspect that living and working near high – tension power lines increases the risk of life-threatening diseases, particularly for children and pregnant women.” Sacramento Bee (October 18, 2002) A3.]

[Request #S7767]

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Final Rule to Reclassify and Remove the Gray Wolf from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in Portions of the Conterminous United States. IN: Federal Register, vol. 68, no. 62. (April 1, 2003) pp. 15804-15875

["Declaring the recovery of the gray wolf a success, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service changed the predator's status from 'endangered' to 'threatened' in most of the United States.... Until now, the gray wolf was considered endangered in 47 states. Wolves in the Southwest and in Mexico, where recovery has not succeeded, will retain the status and the protections of an endangered species, officials said.... Conservationists said they would like to see the wolf return to the Pacific Northwest, Northern California, Maine and other areas that could provide good habitat." Los Angeles Times (March 19, 2003) A30.]

Final Rule. 73 p.

Information about final rule

[Request #S7768]

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Determination of Endangered Status of the Sonoma County Distinct Population Segment of the California Tiger Salamander: Final Rule. By the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. IN: Federal Register, vol. 68, no. 53. (March 19, 2003) pp. 13498-13520.

Full Text at:

["In a decision that could mean years of delay for construction of new homes and businesses in the heart of Sonoma County, federal officials announced that the California tiger salamander is an endangered species.... The decision designates only the Sonoma County population of tiger salamander as an endangered species. The amphibian lives on the coast and valleys of Central California and as far south as Santa Barbara, but the groups don't intermingle." Santa Rosa Press Democrat (March 18, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7769]

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Draft Recovery Plan: Chaparral and Scrub Community Species East of San Francisco Bay, California. By Heather Bell and others, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (The Service, Portland, Oregon) November 2002.

["Federal officials released a plan for better management of fire-resistant vegetation in hopes of enhancing the habitat of some rare species in San Joaquin and three other counties.... Such plans are used to coordinate protection and management activities so rare species come back from the brink of extinction. Boosting native vegetation that can withstand fires is a key step in protecting several threatened species, officials said." Stockton Record (April 7, 2003) 1.]

Recovery plan. 353 p.
recovery plan
Press release and background information. 3 p.

[Request #S7770]

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Initial Assessment of the Health and Condition of California's Lands and Natural Resources 2002. By Rainier Hoenicke, California Resources Agency, and others. (The Agency, Sacramento, California) December 6, 2002. 60 p.

Full Text at:

["This report integrates natural resource assessments and information to help people evaluate and make decisions about the best mix of conservation investments and actions. The report illustrates the Project's state-of-the-art work in identifying current resource conditions and stresses, and potential solutions for protecting biodiversity and working landscapes throughout the state."]

[Request #S7771]

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Final Report on Sediment Impairment and Effects on Beneficial Uses of the Elk River and Stitz, Bear, Jordan and Freshwater Creeks. By the Humboldt Watersheds Independent Scientific Review Panel. (California Regional Water Quality Control Board, North Coast Region, Santa Rosa, California) December 27, 2002. 64 p.

Full Text at:

["Heavy logging along the rugged Northern California coast by the Pacific Lumber Co., which owns some of the last large stands of ancient redwood trees in private hands, has degraded water quality and aggravated flooding in five rivers and streams.... The new report supports the allegations of many local residents and environmentalists that logging on steep terrain is causing soil erosion that is clogging the Elk River and four smaller creeks with sediment." Los Angeles Times (January 14, 2003) B7.]

[Request #S7772]

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Transit Oriented Development: Moving from Rhetoric to Reality. By Dana Belzer and Gerauld Autler, Strategic Economics. Prepared for The Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC)June 2002. 46 p.

Full Text at:

["At the convergence of trends is the realization that a substantial market exists for a new form of walkable, mixed-use urban development around new rail or rapid bus stations and transit stops. Changing demographics are creating a need for diversification of real estate projects... New research shows that this kind of development can reduce household transportation costs, thereby making housing more affordable."]

[Request #S7773]

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How to Win Land Development Issues. By Richard D. Klein. Community and Environmental Defense Service. (The Service, Owing Mills, Maryland) February 2003. 107 p.

Full Text at:

["The types of land development activity addressed in this book include highways, shopping centers, housing projects, golf courses, marinas, superstores, landfills, mining, and a host of other activities which may harm the environment or neighborhood quality of life. Suggestions are also provided for going beyond a specific development site and winning the adoption of Smart Growth principles throughout a town, city or county."]

[Request #S7774]

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Summary of Results From the California Pesticide Surveillance Program. 2001. By the California Environmental Protection Agency. HS-1843. (The Agency, Sacramento, California) March 27, 2003. 16 p.

Full Text at:

["Reported pesticide exposures in the state dropped again in 2001 - by 14 percent - but the Department of Pesticide Regulation said the number of field workers exposed to pesticides remains too high. The agency is rolling out a right-to-know campaign to combat farm-related incidents.... The Department of Pesticide Regulation will discuss its proposals with farm groups, worker advocacy organizations and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Formal regulations could take effect in 2004" Sacramento Bee (March 29, 2003) D1.]

[Request #S7775]

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"Rapid Evolution of Egg Size in Captive Salmon." By Daniel D. Health and others. IN: Science, vol. 299 no. 5613 (March 14, 2003) pp. 1738-1740.

["Salmon raised at a ... fish farm rapidly evolved into producing smaller eggs, according to a study that heightens doubts about whether hatchery-bred fish can be successfully released into the wild to rebuild endangered species. Smaller eggs generally produce smaller young fish. And smaller fish don't compete for food in the wild as effectively as larger ones." Associated Press (March 14, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S7776]

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Report on Metropolitan's Water Supplies: A Blueprint for Water Reliability. By the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. (The District, Los Angeles, California) March 25, 2003. 122 p.

Full Text at:

["In an ambitious plan, the Metropolitan Water District said that it will dramatically increase water conservation in Southern California to keep supplies flowing to a growing population over the next 20 years. If the MWD has its way, the amount of water that residents use in future years will be reduced by 800,000 acre-feet annually -- or enough water to supply nearly 1.6 million people. To meet that goal, the agency is counting on the spread of new technologies. The MWD says the use of partly treated water for irrigation will be greatly increased." Los Angeles Times (March 26, 2003) B7.]

[Request #S7777]

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Hunters Down, Opportunities Up. By Jennifer DeCesaro and Cheryl Runyon, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 20. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April/May 2003. 2 p.

["Over the past five years, hunting has declined by 7 percent nationwide.... Regional hunting participation rates range from 2 percent in the Pacific region (Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon and Washington) to 12 percent in the Upper Midwest.... Several states have developed programs that encourage experienced hunters to teach the younger generation."]

[Request #S7778]

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[This section links to items in Studies in the News since the last Environmental Supplement.]

"Environment and Natural Resources." IN: Studies in the News, 03-17 (March 25, 2003)

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[Includes: "Regulations on farm contracts," "Making polluters pay," "Water resources and new development," "Water suit settled," and "Health effects of Chromium VI in drinking water."]

[Request #S7779]

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"Environment and Natural Resources." IN: Studies in the News, 03-9 (February 26, 2003)

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[Includes: "Environmentally friendly budget cuts," "Trout fishery plan," "Ballot measures on open space," and "Residential water bills and usage."

[Request #S7780]

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"Environment and Natural Resources." IN: Studies in the News, 03-13 (March 7, 2003)

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[Includes: "Suit over farm labor mediation law," "South coast draft air quality management plan," "The agricultural biotechnology industry," "Review of federal plan on climate change research," "Environmental contaminants and children," "States sue EPA on global warming" and "Grazing on public land."]

[Request #S7781]

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"Environment and Natural Resources." IN: Studies in the News, 3-20 (April 8, 2003)

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[Includes: "Financing brownfields cleanup," "Recovery plan for sea otters," "Military exemption from environmental law," "Smart growth and active communities," and "Geothermal energy policies."]

[Request #S7782]

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