Subject: Studies in the News 03-29 (May 5, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1853 - "The 1853 Gold Dollar is part of the design series issued from 1849 to 1854. This design features a small head of Miss Liberty on the front and a simple wreath on the back. The 1853 Gold Dollar has the highest mintage of any Type One Gold Dollar, making it one of the most affordable dates in the series. Gold Dollars owe their existence to the California Gold Rush, when the precious yellow metal suddenly became so plentiful that two new denominations (Gold Dollars and Double Eagles) were introduced into the American monetary system. Designer: James Barton Longacre Metal content: Gold - 90% Other - 10%. "  

May 1853 - "The New York and San Francisco Steamship Company Line changed its name in May 1853 to the New York and California Steamship Company, and retained ownership of the Winfield Scott. The steamer (Winfield Scott) had become quite popular on the Panama to San Francisco route, and not only provided passenger service, but carried important intelligence, mail, newspapers, and express freight, which included gold mined from the mother-lode to be sent east."  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CALIFORNIA READER
   Survey of Central Valley issues
   Prison and jail inmates counts
   Rise in reporting crime
   Privacy concerns for air travelers
   Major crime in cities
   Case for reparations
   Language access for non-English speakers
   Exposing the myths of free trade
   Military base closures foreseen
   Sales tax reduction on manufacturing equipment
   Manufacturer's Investment Tax Credit
   Online services and user's downloads
   Tourism statistics
   Admissions after affirmative action
   Public opinion and public schools
   Guns used in school shootings
   Analysis of California jobs estimates
   Effects of living wages
   Trends in earning loss from workplace injuries
   Gasoline and diesel prices
   Criticism of power plant rule
   Action plan for San Joaquin air
   Safety regulation of biotech crops
   California's use of world resources
   Updated environmental trend data
   Suit over Quincy logging plans
   Perchlorate in produce
   Dry year for Klamath river
   Court rules in favor of tribe
   Santa Cruz sues DEA on marijuana
   Making E-communications work
   Tax Board not immune from suit in Nevada
   Ruling on minimum wage for state employees
   State Controller's authority to pay essential services
   Legislative Term Limits
   Blue Shield plan for universal coverage
   Financing long-term care
   Medicare beneficiaries' links to drug coverage
   Master plan for mental health
   Measures of local responder preparedness
   Improvement in bioterrorism preparedness
   Impact of proposed CALWORKs cuts
   Comparison of child care proposals
   Budget reduction's effect on children
   State indicators of child well-being
   Long term adult care by county
   Barriers to finding long-term homes for children
   Reassessing the marijuana gateway effect
   Mexico's economic and social policy challenges
   Relentless budget problems in most states
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:


Special Survey of the Central Valley. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) April 2003. 28 p.

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["Smog's Biggest Worry in Valley: A new poll finds air pollution is a greater concern than water, jobs, sprawl, crime or schools.... Respondents cited major concerns: rising asthma rates, obscured mountain views and claims that the Central Valley will soon have worse air than Los Angeles." Sacramento Bee (April 30, 2003. B1.]

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Prison And Jail Inmates At Midyear 2002. By Paige M. Harrison and Jennifer C. Karberg, Bureau of Justice Statistics. NCJ 198877. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) April 2003. 14 p.; Appendices.

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["U.S. Prison Population on the Rise: The prison population now tops a record-breaking 2 million inmates.... State prisons house the bulk of the nation's inmates, and big states such as California and Texas lead the pack. Even so, those states saw declines in their prison populations, thanks to new parole policies instituted to ease overcrowding." State Net Capitol Journal (April 21, 2003) 1.]

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Reporting Crime to the Police, 1992-2000. By Timothy C. Hart and Callie Rennison, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) March 2003. 8 p.

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["Nearly half of the violent crimes committed in the United States in 2000 were reported to police, a rise in notification rates that began in the 1990s as the overall crime rate declined.... The growth in crime reporting ... may be an offshoot of the lower crime rate, with victims feeling less helpless and more confident about the abilities of law enforcement." Los Angeles Time (March 10, 2003) A15.]

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Rebecca Allison Gordon, et al. v. Federal Bureau of Investigation, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. April 2003.

["Civil liberties advocates filed suit on behalf of two San Francisco peace activists to try to pierce the cloud of secrecy surrounding 'no-fly' lists that have snagged thousands of air travelers nationwide. The suit seeks to require the Bush administration to reveal how many names are on the lists, how names are added and removed and how often they have been used to identify the wrong person." San Francisco Chronicle (April 23, 2003) A3.]

Complaint. 13 p.

ACLU press release. 2 p.

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Crime in 2002: January Through December: Preliminary Report. By the Office of the Attorney General (The Office, Sacramento, California) 2003. 3 p.

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["California's homicide rate rose nearly 11 percent last year, according to the state Attorney General's office.... The report shows major crime in the state's most populous cities and counties increased 3.8 percent during 2002 compared with 2001." The San Francisco Chronicle (Monday, April 28, 2003) B1.]

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"Unreconstructed Democracy: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Case for Reparations." By Lawrie Balfour, University of Virginia. IN: American Political Science Review, vol. 97, no. 1 (February 2003) pp. 33-44.

["Du Bois' study of the 'splendid failure' of Reconstruction indicates how a kind of willful national amnesia prevented black citizens from enjoying in fact the freedom and equality they were guaranteed by law.... I use Du Bois' writings to explore the case for reparations as one element of a larger effort to expose the presence of the slave past and to undermine the continuing effects of slavery and Jim Crow."]

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Language Access: Helping Non-English Speakers Navigate Health and Human Services. By Ann Morse, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2003. 23 p.; Appendices.

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["In a series of federal guidances since 2000, federal agencies have reminded recipients of federal funds of their obligation under civil rights law to provide meaningful access to their services for limited-English proficient individuals.... This publication looks at the challenge of providing language services."]

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The Mexican Farmers' Movement: Exposing the Myths of Free Trade: Americas Program Policy Report. By Laura Carlsen,Interhemispheric Resource Center. (The Center, Silver City, New Mexico). March 2003. 8 p.

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["To compete with the U.S. means to adopt the U.S. transnational-dominated model of agriculture. Competing on these terms--the only ones understood by a market driven solely by prices--could unravel Mexican society." Progressive Response (March 7, 2003) online.]

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"Federal Funding Support for Communities Affected by Military Base Realignment and Closure. IN: The ICMA Baseline, vol. 7, no. 4; vols. 8, no. 1 (2003) pp. 1-4, 12+.

["The upcoming Base Realignment And Closure round, which is to dispose of roughly 25 percent of the current military facility inventory now judged as excess, is estimated to be equal to the four previous rounds of closure combined. It appears possible that even more communities will be affected than before."]

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The Economic Impact of a Sales Tax Reduction on Manufacturing Equipment. By Ross DeVol and others. (The Milken Institute, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 37 p.

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["This paper examines the impact of a sales tax reduction ... on the purchases of manufacturing and telecommunications equipment.... These findings indicate that enacting this sales tax reduction would lead to higher capital formation, promote greater job and income growth, and after an initial loss, ultimately increase tax receipts in California"]

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Unkept Promises: California's Manufacturers' Tax Credit. By the California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 6 p.

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["This report examines the Manufacturers' Investment Tax Credit (MIC), its costs and trends in manufacturing employment since the credit's creation.... Publicly available data suggests that employment failed to reach the target."]

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Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc., et al. v. Grokster, Ltd., et al. U.S. District court, Central District of California. April 25, 2003. 34 p.

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["In a huge setback to the big record and movie companies, a federal judge in Los Angeles ruled in favor of two online services that allow people to share music, movies and other digital files freely over the Internet.... The judge ruled that the two newer services have less ability to control what files their users download, and to prevent those users from gaining access to copyrighted material. Therefore, he said, they cannot be held accountable for their users' actions." New York Times (April 26, 2003) C1.]

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California: Fast Facts 2003: Statewide and Regional Tourism Facts and Figures. By the California Travel & Tourism Commission and the Division of Tourism, California Technology, Trade & Commerce Agency. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) 2003. 20 p.

["[This publication lists] the most frequently requested facts and figures on California tourism, statewide and regional.... During 2002, preliminary estimates show that travelers to California contributed an estimated $75.8 billion to the state economy. This spending directly supported 1,030,000 jobs with a total payroll of $25 billion and generated $4.7 billion in state and local tax receipts."]

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Closing The Gap?: Admissions and Enrollments at the Texas Public Flagships Before and After Affirmative Action: Policy Brief and Full Report. By Marta Tienda and others. Prepared for Princeton University (The University, Princeton, New Jersey) January 21, 2003. 2 p. and 69 p.

["The study illustrates a need to maintain race conscious admissions policies, an issue at the forefront of higher education.... [It] demonstrates that rates of admission for minority applicants at Texas' flagship institutions fell sharply after the ban on affirmative action.... For African Americans applying to Texas A&M, the probability of admission fell from 74.9 percent to 57.7

Policy Brief:
Full Report:

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Where We Are Now: 12 Things You Need To Know About Public Opinion and Public Schools: A Digest of a Decade of Survey Research. By Jean Johnson and others, Public Agenda. Underwritten by Washington Mutual. (Public Agenda, New York, New York) April 2003. 116 p.

["Drawing on a decade of opinion research and polls, the authors try to pinpoint the 12 key elements of public thinking about public schools and show how it has changed over the last few years. The standards movement is in full sway in American schools, and support for higher standards and accountability remains solid.... The 12 key points are listed."]

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Source of Firearms Used by Students in School-Associated Violent Deaths: United States, 1992--1999. Centers for Disease Control. (The Centers, Atlanta, Georgia) March 6, 2003. 2 p.

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["More than half of the guns used in the rash of school shootings during the 1990s came from home or from friends or relatives, the government reported. Between 1992 and 1999, 123 students used 128 guns in school-related homicides and suicides. Nearly 38 percent of the guns were from home and more than 23 percent of the guns were from a friend or relative." Associated Press (March 6, 2003) 1.]

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Analysis of Recently Released Jobs Estimates for California. By Stephen Levy, Center for the Continuing Study of the California Economy. (The Center, Palo Alto, California) March 21, 2003. 6 p.

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["These new data are the first published using the new NAICS industry classification and represent a new way of describing job growth in the state."]

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The Effects of the Proposed Santa Fe Minimum Wage Increase. By David A. Macpherson. (Employment Policies Institute, Washington, DC) February 2003. 22 p.

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["Living wage advocates press for larger and more inclusive living wage laws requiring employers to pay according to the perceived needs of the employees rather than basing wages on skills.... This report ... reviews the Santa Fe living wage proposal ... research shows the living wage will be an expensive mandate on the employers of Santa Fe."]

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Trends In Earnings Loss From Disabling Workplace Injuries In California: The Role Of Economic Conditions. By Robert T. Reville and others. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 60 p.

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["California's workers' compensation system is understaffed, has an antiquated computer system and lacks standardized procedures ... The report ... found that most of the one million claims appeals filed in California each year take 'significantly longer' than the time frames mandated by state law."] California Healthline, April 4, 2003. [online.]

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Causes for Gasoline and Diesel Price Increases in California. By William J. Keese. State of California Energy Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, CA) March 28, 2003. 48 p.

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["Market forces -- not market manipulation -- were behind the recent spike in California gasoline prices, an investigation ... concluded.... Now that crude prices have stabilized and refineries are back in full production, retail prices are coming down." Sacramento Bee (April 3, 2003) 1.]

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A Breath of Fresh Air: Reviving the New Source Review Program: Summary Report. By National Academy Of Public Administration. Prepared for U.S. Congress and the Environmental Protection Agency. (The Administration,Washington, DC) April 2003. 58 p.

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["NAPA Study Shows New Source Review Not Working as Congress Intended: The report concludes that the NSR program is effective in controlling air pollution from newly built industrial facilities, but performs poorly in reducing pollution from the nation's oldest and dirtiest factories and power plants." PR Newswire (April 21, 2003) 1.]

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Operation Clean Air, The San Joaquin Valley Air Initiative: Draft Action Plan. By Operation Clean Air. (The Great Valley Center, Modesto, California) April 23, 2003. 116 p.

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["Operation Clean Air is a public-private organization interested in finding voluntary measures to cut the Valley's pollution.... It was the brainchild of Fresno-area politicians and includes representatives of the nine-county Valley air basin." Stockton Record (April 24, 2003) 1.]

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Post-Market Oversight of Biotech Foods: Is the System Prepared? By Michael R. Taylor and Jody S. Tick, Resources for the Future. Prepared for the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology. (The Initiative, Washington, DC) April 2003. 123 p.

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["The current patchwork of federal regulations is inadequate to assure the safety of genetically modified crops after they are harvested, a leading research group warned. Gaps in government oversight and a pending avalanche of crops with exotic new traits leave the U.S. food supply vulnerable to contamination with exotic, genetically engineered foods that are not intended for human consumption." Sacramento Bee (April 25, 2003) D1.]

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"State of Denial" By Tom Knudsen and others. IN: Sacramento Bee (April 27, 2003)Supplement pp. 1-20.

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[Includes: "Thirst For Gas; Oil from Ecuador Helps Fuel California Cars, but Is the Cost Too High?;" "Appetite For Houses; Lumber from Canada's Boreal Forest Is Helping Meet California's Housing Demand;" and "Hunger For Fish; Overfishing on the West Coast Is Putting Canada's New System to the Test."]

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2003 Index of Leading Environmental Indicators. Eighth Edition. By Steven Hayward, Pacific Research Institute, and Ryan Stowers, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) April 2003. 74 p.

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["This index presents updated trend data on air quality, water quality and toxic substances and provides a special section on a topic of current interest.... This year's report takes a closer look at America's forestlands.... We also offer a roundup of notable new books, studies and scholarship from the scientific press."]

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Californians for Alternatives to Toxics, et al. v. U. S. Forest Service, et al. U.S. District Court, Eastern District of California. 03-0751. Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. April 11, 2003. 25 p.

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["Several environmental organizations have sued the U.S. Forest Service to halt logging until the agency completes court-ordered plans for maintaining fuel breaks on the Plumas, Lassen and Tahoe national forests.... The fuel breaks are part of a five-year demonstration project, inspired by the Quincy Library Group, to decrease the threat of catastrophic wildfire on 2.4 million acres of public land." Sacramento Bee (April 15, 2003) B2.]

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Suspect Salads: Toxic Rocket Fuel Found in Winter Lettuce. By Renee Sharp and Sonya Lunder, Environmental Working Group. (The Group, Oakland, California) April 28, 2003. 35 p.

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["Lettuce contaminated by rocket fuel poses a potential human health threat, according to a report to be released by an environmental watchdog group.... Little is known about perchlorate dangers in food, but many regulators agree that the issue deserves study. The new report doesn't contain enough strong science to convince regulators of an immediate health risk, but it raises more questions about the effects of ongoing contamination from a Cold War rocket fuel factory along the Colorado River." Sacramento Bee (April 28, 2003) D1.]

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Klamath Project 2003 Operations Plan. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Mid-Pacific Region. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) April 10, 2003. 7 p.

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["The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation announced drought-year plans to provide Klamath River Basin farmers with 75 percent of their irrigation water needs this summer, raising fears among environmentalists and fisheries advocates of another disastrous year for downstream salmon.... Jeffrey McCracken, the bureau's spokesman, said the allocation is the result of another winter of below-normal precipitation. 'It is going to be a tight year,' McCracken said. If there is any good news, he said, it is that recent rains have filled Klamath Lake and the agricultural lands in the basin are saturated." Sacramento Bee (April 11, 2003) B1.]

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Fair Political Practices Commission v. Santa Rosa community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria. Sacramento County superior Court. 02AS04544. April 24, 2003. 14 p.

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["Sacramento Superior Court Judge Joe S. Gray dismissed a suit brought by the state Fair Political Practices Commission against a Kings County tribe for disregarding state laws while contributing almost $1 million to political candidates and causes....Gray's ruling came one day after the 3rd District Court of Appeal refused to dismiss a lawsuit by the FPPC against a Palm Springs tribe for also ignoring state laws that require political contributors to disclose their donations.... Legal observers said the rulings which cited many of the same legal precedents in coming to different conclusions, will ultimately be reconciled by a higher court."]

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County of Santa Cruz, et al. v. John Ashcroft, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C03-01802. Complaint for Preliminary and Permanent Injunctive Relief, Declaratory Relief, and Damages. April 21, 2003.

["Seven months after hosting a medical marijuana giveaway outside City Hall, Santa Cruz officials took another unusual step: They joined patients to sue the federal government for interfering with the local supply of legal pot.... The complaint makes an immunity argument as well as a states' rights claim based on constitutional limits on the federal government's authority to regulate health and safety issues and commerce within the states. The lawsuit adds a new constitutional argument based on individual rights of privacy and autonomy." Sacramento Bee (April 24, 2003) A3.]

Complaint. 34 p.

Memorandum of Points and Authorities. 31 p.

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Making E-Communications Work: Strategies to Manage Web Sites and E-Mail. By the Communications, Technology and Interstate Commerce Committee, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2003. 28 p.; video.

["Legislators face the challenges of dealing with increasing volumes of e-mail and meeting the expectations of Net savvy constituents who want immediate access to legislators' information online. To help legislators manage e-mail and make the most effective use of personal Web sites, NCSL produced this video and publications."]

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Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 02-42. April 23, 2003

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["A California law shields the Franchise Tax Board and its employees from lawsuits for actions while assessing or collecting a tax. But the high court ruled unanimously that Nevada is not required to follow that law in a suit by one of its residents.... Although the U.S. Constitution requires states to honor each other's laws, a state is not required to violate its own 'legitimate public policy' -- in this case, Nevada's policy of allowing suits that allege intentional misconduct by state officials." San Francisco Chronicle (April 25, 2003) B2.]

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Steven White v. Gray Davis, Governor of California. Supreme Court of California. S108099. May 1, 2003. 72 p.

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["The California Supreme Court ruled that most state employees are entitled to be paid only the $5.15-an-hour federal minimum wage when California is operating without a spending plan after July 1.... About 56,000 of the state's 200,000 workers are not subject to federal law setting a minimum wage and could be ineligible for pay under the court ruling, according to the state Department of Personnel Administration.... Legislative staff would also not be paid without a budget." Sacramento Bee (May 2, 2003) A1.]

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Court Ruling Avoids State Shutdown But Leaves Door Open for Continued Payments: Press Release. By the Office of the California State Controller. (The Office, May 1, 2003) 1 p.

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["State Controller Steve Westly said that the decision leaves it up to him to decide whether it's possible to set up a system that would pay some workers minimum wage.... Westly said the decision will permit his office to service debt and pay for Medi-Cal and other state and federal programs....The controller said the court ruling will allow him to cover most school funding... State vendors and contractors could not be paid, Westly's office said." Sacramento Bee (May 2, 2003) A1.]

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Legislative Term Limits. By Jennifer Drage Bowser, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 15. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2003. 2 p.

["Term limits for state legislators have been repealed by the courts in four states.... The term limits movement may have begun to run out of steam.... Since 1994, voters seem to have come to view term limits less favorably.... NCSL has joined other groups to study the effects of term limits on state legislatures.... [Includes] Term Limits When Enacted and Which Kind."

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Blue Shield Unveils Cost of Universal Coverage Proposal: Press Release. And Analysis of the Cost of Blue Shield of California's "Universal Coverage, Universal Responsibility" Proposal. By Blue Shield of California. (Blue Shield, Chico, California) April 23, 2003.

["California should raise taxes to pay for a universal health insurance system that would cost about $7.8 billion, the head of one of the state's largest insurance companies said....A dedicated 1 percent sales tax or 0.7 percent hike in the state income tax could help pay for health coverage for the state's 6.6 million residents uninsured.... With a theme of 'universal coverage, universal responsibility,' the Blue Shield proposal would require employers to provide coverage or pay their employees a similar amount. Small employers with low-wage workers would be subsidized." San Francisco Chronicle (April 14, 2003) A1.]

Press release. 1 p.

Analysis of cost. 1 p.

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"Consumer-Directed Care: A New Way of Financing Long-Term Care." By Wendy Fox-Grage, National Conference of State Legislatures. IN: State Health Notes, vol. 24, no. 394 (April 24, 2003) pp.1. 5-6.

["America's long-term care system has long had an 'institutional bias,' despite the public's preference for care at home. To meet the demand and produce savings for Medicaid in the bargain, states are experimenting with 'consumer-directed care.' ... Created in 1973, California's In-Home Supportive Services program is the oldest and largest consumer directed care program in the U.S., serving an estimated 300,000."]

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Medicare Beneficiaries' Links to Drug Coverage. By the U.S. Senate Joint Economic Committee (The Committee, Washington, DC) April 10, 2003. 4 p.

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["According to the report, seventy-eight percent of Medicare beneficiaries have some prescription drug coverage, but details of their benefits are sketchy... Health insurance policies offered in rural areas also are less likely to offer drug coverage, the report said. About an equal percentage of men and women have coverage." Health Care Policy Report vol. 11 no.5 (April 14, 2003) p 512.]

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California Mental Health Master Plan: A Vision for California. By the California Mental Health Planning Council. (The Council, Sacramento California) March 2003. 172 p.

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["The Master Plan describes how to design systems of care for children and youth, adults, and older adults. It also presents model programs for replication as well as identifying problems that need to be addressed to improve the mental health system. It makes recommendations to policy makers at all levels." Press release (April 16, 2003) 1.]

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Measuring and Evaluating Local Preparedness for a Chemical or Biological Terrorist Attack. By Ronald D. Fricker and others, Rand. Issue Paper. IP-217-OSD. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2002. 8 p.

["This issue paper has two purposes: to suggest some nationally representative measures of local responder preparedness for chemical and biological terrorism as a baseline for current debate; and to illustrate the limitations of our measures and describe why quantifying preparedness for terrorism, by any measure, is elusive."]

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Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Bioterrorism Preparedness Efforts Have Improved Public Health Response Capacity, but Gaps Remain. By Janet Heinrich. United States General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 2003. 16 p.

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["The efforts of state and local public health agencies to prepare for a bioterrorist attack have improved the nation's capacity to respond to infectious disease outbreaks and other major public health threats, but gaps in preparedness remain.... GAO found that regional planning was generally lacking between states but that states were developing their own plans for receiving and distributing medical supplies for emergencies, as well as plans for mass vaccinations in the event of a public health emergency."]

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CalWORKs At a Critical Juncture: A Review Of Caseload Trends and the Governor's Proposals. By the California Budget Project. Welfare Reform Update. (The Project, Sacramento, California) April 2003. 10 p.

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["This update summarizes CalWORKs caseload trends, reviews CalWORKs spending reductions and freezes in the 2002 Budget Act, examines CalWORKs proposals included in the Governor's 2003-04 proposed budget and analyzes the impact of the Governor's plan to suspend cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) and reduce grant payments for CalWORKs recipients."]

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Side-By-Side Comparison of Child Care and Early Education Provisions in Key Senate, House and Administration Bills and Proposals. By Jennifer Mezey and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) April 24, 2003. 15 p.

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[This document summarizes and compares selected child care and early education provisions in current law and a set of major Congressional proposals addressing reauthorization and early education. These include: The Administration’s Good Start, Grow Smart Initiative; the final TANF reauthorization bill passed in the House (H.R. 4); [and] the comprehensive Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) reauthorization bill (S. 880.)"]

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The Crisis in San Francisco's Services For Children: A Threat to the Health of Our City. By Coleman Advocates for Children and Youth. (The Advocates, San Francisco, California) April 2003. 18 p.

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["This report summarizes the impact of budget cuts in public sector agencies serving children, and then describes the results of a survey of 111 nonprofit agencies intended to respond to the needs that public agencies are unable to meet. The aim is to help policymakers and the public understand the cumulative impact of the budget reductions throughout the interconnected service delivery system for children, youth and families, and the true threat these cuts pose for the city's youngest citizens."]

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State Profiles of Child Well-Being: Results From the 2000 Census. By Mark Mather and Kerri L. Rivers, Population Reference Bureau. Prepared for the Annie E. Casey Foundation. (The Foundation, Baltimore, Maryland) March 2003. 72 p.

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["This report provides a series of one-page profiles of child well-being for each state and the District of Columbia, based on data from the 1990 and 2000 Decennial Censuses. These profiles can be used to look at trends in child well-being, to compare the status of children between states, or to compare child well-being in one state to the nation as a whole."]

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Long Term Care County Data Book: A Vital Planning Resource For California. By The California Association for Adult Day Services. (The Association, Sacramento, California) 2003. Various pagings.

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["According to the study, retirees who are flocking to rural California in their 60s may not find the services they need to stay in that home when they are 85. The study paints the first picture of how long-term care services for older Californians varies greatly from county to county." Sacramento Bee (April 2, 2003) B1.]

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Foster Care: States Focusing On Finding Permanent Homes For Children, But Long-Standing Barriers Remain. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-626T. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 8, 2003. 25 p.

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["Rewards Suggested to Boost Adoptions, Administration Fears Older Foster Care Children Languish: Between 1997 and 2000, adoptions from foster care increased by 57 percent. The median stay in foster care for these children was 39 months.... While the overall number of children being adopted has grown dramatically, older children face excessively long waits for adoption and, in many cases are never adopted." Washington Times (April 13, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S8022]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



"Reassessing the Marijuana Gateway Effect." By Andrew Morral and others. Rand Public Safety and Justice IN: Addiction, vol. 97 (2002) pp. 1493-1504.

["Using Marijuana May Not Raise the Risk of Using Harder Drugs: A recent analysis suggests that data typically used to support a marijuana gateway effect can be explained as well by a different theory. The new research has implications for U.S. marijuana policy. However, decisions about relaxing U.S. marijuana laws must necessarily take into account many other factors in addition to whether or not marijuana is a gateway drug." Rand Research Brief (2002) 1.]

[Request #S8023]

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Confronting Development: Assessing Mexico's Economic and Social Policy Challenges. Edited by Kevin J. Middlebrook and Eduardo Zepeda. (Stanford University Press, Stanford, California) 2003. 616 p.

["This volume examines economic and social development policies in Mexico during the 1980s and 1990s.... Mexico was a leader in the shift away from state-led industrialization and in the adoption of market-oriented policies. As a consequence, Mexico emerged as Latin America's largest exporter of manufactured goods." NOTE: Confronting Development ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S8024]

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State Budget Update: April 2003. By National Conference of State Legislatures, (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) April 2003.

["Already plagued by anemic revenue performance, lawmakers have been besieged by spending overruns -- from Medicaid to homeland security to emergency snow removal. The problems have been relentless as most states have run out of the simple, painless options. The situation is not much brighter for FY 2004.".]

[Request #S8027]

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