Subject: Studies in the News 03-45 (July, 17, 2003)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

Summer 1853 - "In 1853, John W. Hillman joined a party of California miners in southern Oregon looking for the 'Lost Cabin Mine'. With provisions running low, Hillman and a few of his traveling companions went hunting for game. Riding ahead on his mule, Hillman suddenly arrived at the rim of a huge crater and looking down from the dizzying height, he beheld a vast body of water so magnificently blue in color that he and the group named their discovery 'Deep Blue Lake'. Located east of Jacksonville, the lake was almost forgotten until 1865 when a party of soldiers from Fort Klamath rediscovered it and called it 'Lake Majesty', which was later changed in 1869 to its present name of Crater Lake. "  http://www.onthisdayinoregon.com/06_12.html  

1853 - "Born and educated in New York City, James G. Cooper (1830-1902) was a naturalist and physician with Isaac Stevens' Pacific Railroad Survey expedition of 1853. One of the first to collect specimens in the Pacific Coast regions, he became an expert on the geological, biological, and zoological aspects of that area.... The journals and manuscripts contain descriptions of geological features, weather observations, and technical notes on the plant and animal life of the area. Also included are specimen lists, maps, and sketches After traveling extensively, he practiced medicine and lived in California until his death in 1902. "  http://www.si.edu/archives/archives/findingaids/FA  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
    Crime prevention grants
    Eliminating the Office of Justice Planning
    Funding crime information
    Overtime federal grants for homeland security
    Public opinion of the police
    Court strikes California sex offender law
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
    Right to engage in private conduct
    Same sex marriage in 50 states
DEMOGRAPHY
    Latino population largest minority in U.S.
ECONOMY
    Business without borders
    State of the U.S. economy
    Free trade area of the Americas
EDUCATION
    Improvement in California's reading scores
    Accountability with student achievement
    Funds for school administration and improvement
    Community college transfer rates
    Migrant education program
    Latino dropout picture brighter
    Harmful toxins in classrooms
    Court rejects challenge to Title IX
EMPLOYMENT
    Proposed changes in overtime pay
    Cost of workers' compensation claims
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
    Cleaning up diesel pollution
    Public survey on environmental issues
    EPA report on the environment
    Logging plan for Sierra Nevada
    Computer recycling efforts
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
    Government intervention and the economy
    State ethics commissions
    Federal competitive grants
    National indicators
    Trends in privatizing government functions
    Fiscal survey of states
    Nevada court strikes two-thirds vote requirement
    Child tax credit legislation
    Effects of sales tax increase
HEALTH
    Quality of care for adults
    Availabilty of SCHIP funds
    Gaps in California's emergency rooms
    Universal health care
    Physician participation in Medi-Cal
    Medicare presciption drug benefit
HOUSING
    Civic infrastructure financing and community development
    Elderly housing and affordability
HUMAN SERVICES
    School-based volunteerism
    Sexual behavior of adolescents
    Effects of "timing out" of CalWORKS
    Child support and Medicaid
    Foster care and maltreatment
    Expediting adoption of foster care children
    Welfare reform and reduced poverty
INTERNATIONAL READER
    New focus on world problems
TRANSPORTATION
    Mass transit rating process
    Highway discretionary funds
WASHINGTON READER
    California Institute's briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
    Global competitiveness report
    Califoria charter schools' test scores
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CRIME PREVENTION

U.S. Attorneys: Control Over Grant-Related Activities Should Be Enhanced. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-733

["General guidelines established by the Attorney General in 1994 and revised in 2001 outline how U.S. Attorneys and their staff can be involved in their communities' crime prevention and control efforts, including DOJ grant activities. Last year, DOJ issued guidelines in response to two DOJ grant programs - Project Safe Neighborhood and Weed and Seed. In addition, through its Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), DOJ provided training on ethical considerations in dealing with grant applications and grantees under both grant programs."]

[Request #S8558]

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

Improving Public Safetey: Beyond the Office of Criminal Justice Planning. By the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) July 2003. 42 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/171/Report171.pdf

["The governor's beleaguered Office of Criminal Justice Planning, already slated for shutdown by Senate Democrats, ran into more trouble when an independent state watchdog urged abolishing the agency. 'California's intended cornerstone for public safety is poorly managed and in many ways has failed to provide the leadership necessary to fulfill its legal and moral mandate to help communities fight crime, violence and drug abuse,' the Little Hoover Commission's report says." Sacramento Bee (July 9, 2003) A4.]

[Request #S8613]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Funding Crime Information Improvements. By Blake Harrison, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 11, No. 27. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June/July 2003. 2 p.

["As budgets continue to shrink, states are looking at alternatives to fund the integration of crime information systems.... Funding integration projects by means other than appropriations is emerging as a way to start and maintain projects. The most popular approaches include fees, fines, taxes and bond sales. In recent years, states have created special accounts, funded through fees for services or fines."]

[Request #S8559]

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LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

COPS Announces $60 Million in Overtime Grants. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-27. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 28, 2003. 2 p.

["This new program is designed to award one-year grants on a competitive basis to state and local law enforcement agencies which face significant overtime expenses related to homeland security efforts....It may be used for community policing and terrorism preparedness and prevention. This includes expenses for homeland security training, targeting violent and drug-related crime, overtime necessitated by a shortage of officers due to military reserve duty assignments and expenses related to protecting sporting events."]

[Request #S8560]

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PUBLIC OPINION

Factors That Influence Public Opinion of the Police. By the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice. NCJ 197925(The Department, Washington, DC) June 3, 2003. 17 p.

Full Text at: www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/nij/197925.pdf

["Police can improve public opinion by increasing their informal contact with citizens. According to a survey of Los Angeles residents' opinions of police job performance and officers' demeanor, police can increase residents' approval of their job performance by participating in community meetings, increasing officers' visibility in neighborhoods, and talking with citizens."]

[Request #S8561]

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SEX OFFENDERS

Stogner v. California. U.S. Supreme Court. 01-1757. June 26, 2003. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/02pdf/01-1757.pdf

["The nation's highest court struck down the California law used to prosecute decades-old sex-abuse cases, freeing dozens of priests and others accused of molesting children or similar crimes from the threat of prosecution. In a 5-4 ruling, the Supreme Court found that the law retroactively eliminating the statute of limitations on sex crimes is unconstitutional." Los Angeles Daily News (June 27, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8562]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

GAYS & LESBIANS

John Geddes Lawrence and Tyron Garner v. Texas. Supreme Court Of The United States. 02-102. June 26, 2003. Various pagings.

["The Supreme Court decision, overturning the Texas sodomy statute, may also remove a significant roadblock in repealing the federal sodomy statute and the military's ban on lesbian, gay and bisexual service members.... Justice Kennedy ruled that the "right to liberty under the Due Process Clause gives...the full right to engage in private conduct without government intervention. Kennedy further stated that, regarding lesbian, gay and bisexual Americans, 'The state cannot demean their existence or control their destiny by making their private sexual conduct a crime.'" U.S. Newswire (June 26,2003) 1.]

[Request #S8563]

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SAME-SEX MARRIAGES

The Level of Legislative Controversy Over the State Defense of Marriage Acts (DOMAs): Same Sex Marriage In the 50 States, 1990-2001. By Scott Barclay and Shauna F. Fisher. (Midwest Political Science Association, Bloomington, Indiana) 2003. 39 p.

Full Text at: mpsa.indiana.edu/conf2003papers/1030315156.pdf

["In this article, we consider the political, demographic, and social factors in each state and their apparent influence on the difficulty that the state legislatures encountered in consideration of their own version of DOMA (Defense of Marriage Act). Using ... time series data from the 50 states in the period 1990 to 2001, we consider the validity of existing indicators that have been previously associated with the introduction of policies concerning sexual orientation at the state and local level, as well as introduce new factors that might apply uniquely to the area of same sex marriage laws."]

[Request #S8564]

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DEMOGRAPHY

LATINOS

The Hispanic Population in the United States: Current Population Reports. By Roberto R. Ramirez and G. Patricia de la Cruz, U.S. Census Bureau. (The Bureau, Washington, DC) June 2003.

["America's Latino population leaped by nearly 10 percent in just the past two years, marking the first time in the nation's history that blacks were not the largest minority, the U.S. Census Bureau reported... Nationally, the Hispanic population grew from 35.5 million on April 1, 2000, to 38.8 million on July 1, 2002, which at 9.8 percent was nearly quadruple the growth rate of the population as a whole.... The official population estimates now indicate that the Hispanic community is the nation's largest minority community." Daily News Los Angeles (June 19, 2003) 1.]

Current Population Report. 8 p.
http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/p20-545.pdf

Tables. Various pagings.
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hispanic/ho02.html

[Request #S8565]

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ECONOMY

INTERNATIONAL TRADE

Business Without Borders? The Globalization of the Califonia Economy. By Howard J. Shatz, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institue, San Francisco, California) 2003. 146 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_603HSR.pdf

["Howard J. Shatz describes California's global exposure with special emphasis on goods and services trade, foreign direct investment, and port activity. California's goods exports are proportionately high, but its foreign direct investment is relatively low. California manufacturer's are more likely to use production-sharing than other U.S. firms."]

[Request #S8566]

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U.S. ECONOMY

The Beige Book: Summary of Commentary on Current Economic Conditions. By Federal Reserve District. (The District, Washington, DC) June 11, 2003. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.federalreserve.gov/fomc/beigebook/2003/20030611/FullReport.htm

["The U.S economy showed some glimmers of improvement in April and May, but business and consumer activity remained sluggish and the end of major hostilities in Iraq provided only a mild boost.... No district reported any deterioration in conditions.... However, the majority of the districts reported mixed, sluggish and subdued growth, with consumer spending remaining 'lackuster overall' and most areas continue to report weakness in labor markets and some downward pressure on wages." Los Angles Times (June 12, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8567]

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WORLD TRADE

Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations Progress, but Successful Ministerial Hinges on Intensified U.S. Preparations. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-560. (The Office, Washington, DC) April 2003. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d03560.pdf

["GAO recommends that the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) should intensify preparations and regularly evaluate whether current resources and plans are sufficient to carry out the tasks and mitigate the risks associated with its responsibilities as co-chair of the negotiations and host of the November ministerial meeting."]

[Request #S8568]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

The Nation's Report Card: 2002 Reading. By The National Assessment of Educational Process. (The Assessment, Washington, DC) 2003. 238 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2002/2003521.pdf

["Even though California's scores put it at the bottom of the pack, its scores are still a slight improvement over 1998. While the nation's fourth-graders improved four points, California's fourth-graders from all ethnic and economic backgrounds improved even more. Hispanic students who are fluent in English bettered their score by 17 points -- the best improvement statewide." San Francisco Chronicle (June 20, 2003) A5.]

[Request #S8570]

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ACCOUNTABILITY

Flexibility Demonstration Programs: Education Needs to Better Target Program Information. By U.S. General Accounting Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2003. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-691

["The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA) has focused national attention on increasing accountability for states and school districts to improve student achievement. While increasing accountability, NCLBA also provided states and school districts with additional flexibility. The act established up to 7 states and 80 school districts to redirect up to 100 percent of certain NCLBA program funds."]

[Request #S8571]

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New Guidance for State Reallocation of Title 1 Funds. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-32. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 11, 2003. 4 p.

["The guidance incorporates new regulations required by the No Child Left Behind Act (P.L. 107-110)... The Education Department calculations are based on census data from 2001, which do not reflect newly created Local Educational Agencies LEAs, such as charter schools, and LEA's that have merged or otherwise changed their boundaries... State Educational Agency (SEA) must allocate funds for state administration, school improvement activities and state academic achievement awards."]

[Request #S8572]

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COMMUNITY COLLEGES

California Community College Transfer Rates: Policy Implications and a Future Research Agenda. By Robert Wassmer and others. Senate Office of Research. (SOR, Sacramento, California) June 2003. 55 p.

Full Text at: www.sen.ca.gov/sor/reports/REPORTS_BY_SUBJ/EDUCATION/COMMUNITYCOLLEGETRANSFER.PDF

["The mission of most community college systems in the United States had always included the preparation of students for transfer to universities to complete a bachelor's degree.... The transfer role of community colleges is especially critical in California where two year colleges account for nearly 75 percent of all post-secondary enrollments and are widely recognized as a crucial gateway to higher education for large numbers of low-income students and students of color.... Of particular concern in California, rates of transfer to four-year institutions for Latino and African-American community college students are lower than for other students."]

[Request #S8573]

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IMMIGRANTS

California's Department of Education's Compliance with the Priority for Service Requirements of the Migrant Education Program: Final Audit Report. By the Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Education. ED-OIG/A06-C0033 (The Office, Dallas, Texas) May 30, 2003. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.ed.gov/offices/OIG/AuditReports/a06c0033.pdf

["California must do a better job at targeting its migrant education efforts, federal auditors say in a new report. 'The U.S. Department of Education has no assurance that California [properly allocated] the $120.9 million in migrant education funds it received for fiscal year 2001,' auditors noted. California also was 'unable to report an accurate number' of the highest-priority migrant education students, the auditors added." Sacramento Bee (June 11, 2003) A3.]

[Request #S8574]

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LATINOS

Hispanic Youth Dropping Out of U.S. Schools: Measuring the Challenge. By Richard Fry, Pew Hispanic Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) June 12, 2003. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/high%20school%20dropout%20report--final.pdf

["Latino Dropout Picture Brighter: A study focusing on U.S.-born youths finds a much lower rate.... In California, the new study says the overall dropout rate for Latino students fell from 25 percent in 1990 to 18 percent in 2000. Among the native-born Latino students in California, the dropout rate was an even lower 10 percent." Sacramento Bee (June 13, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8575]

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SCHOOL BUILDINGS

Air in Portable Classrooms May Contain Harmful Toxins: Exective Summary. By RTI International. (RTI, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) May 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.arb.ca.gov/research/indoor/pcs/pcs-fr/pcs-fr.htm

["Portable classrooms have significantly higher levels of toxic chemicals than permanent classrooms, according to a new state study that confirms what environmentalists and teachers have long suspected. While both traditional and portable classrooms have problems with indoor air pollution and poor ventilation, portables generated more complaints from teachers and were 10 times more likely to exceed health guidelines on exposure to formaldehyde -- a suspected cancer-causing chemical used frequently in prefabricated bungalows, the study found." Los Angels Daily News (June 24, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8576]

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WOMEN

National Wrestling Coaches Association, et al. v. United States Department of Education. U.S. District Court, District of Columbia. 02-0072 (EGS). June 11, 2003. 121 p.

Full Text at: www.dcd.uscourts.gov/02-72.pdf

["A federal judge threw out a lawsuit brought by college wrestling coaches who said their profession and their teams were threatened by a government quota policy that favors women's collegiate sports.... But the case is far from over, said a lawyer for the National Wrestling Coaches Assn. 'We're very confident of our chances in the Court of Appeals,' said Lawrence J. Joseph, the group's Washington lawyer. 'We believe proportionality rule is a quota' and deserves to be struck down, he said." Los Angeles Times (June 12, 2003) A10.]

[Request #S8577]

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EMPLOYMENT

WAGES

Eliminating the Right to Overtime Pay: Department of Labor Proposal Means Lower Pay, Longer Hours for Millions of Workers. By Ross Eisnberg and Jared Bensteirn. Economic Policy Institute. (EPI, Washington, DC) June 26, 2003. 17 p.

Full Text at: www.epinet.org/briefingpapers/flsa_jun03.pdf

["More than 8 million professionals would lose their overtime pay under a Bush administration proposal to change the types of jobs that must receive more money for extra work.... Overall, nearly 22 million workers could be affected, though specific jobs and their status could not be determined." San Francisco Chronicle (June 26, 2003) B4.]

[Request #S8578]

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WORKERS COMPENSATION

Los Angeles County Civil Grand Jury Final Report: 2002-2003. By County of Los Angeles. (The County, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 339 p.

Full Text at: grandjury.co.la.ca.us/gjury02-03/grandjury02-03.pdf

["A new report by the Los Angeles County Grand Jury puts a staggering price tag on the cost of workers' compensation claims for public safety agencies. According to the report, workers' compensation costs in the county Fire and Sheriff's departments and the city of Los Angeles Fire Department have nearly doubled over the last five years, with the most dramatic spike in the Sheriff's Department. Annual workers' compensation payments in the 14,000-member department rocketed from $48.5 million in 1998 to $93.4 million in 2002, a 92% increase, while over the same period the number of sheriff's employees has increased only 16%." Los Angeles Times (June 28, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8579]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AIR POLLUTION

Cleaning Up Diesel Pollution: Emissions From Off-Highway Engines by State. By Patricia Monahan, the Union of Concerned Scientists (The Union, Cambridge Massachusetts) June 2003. 76 p.

Full Text at: www.ucsusa.org/publication.cfm?publicationID=636

["Off-road diesel engines in tractors, bulldozers and other equipment produce a larger share of vehicle-related pollution in the central San Joaquin Valley than elsewhere in the state, a new report from the Union of Concerned Scientists shows ... The report is intended to build support for tightened off-road diesel standards proposed two months ago by the Environmental Protection Agency, said its author, Patricia Monahan, a senior analyst in the national advocacy group's Berkeley office." Fresno Bee (June 10, 2003)]

[Request #S8614]

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CALIFORNIA

PPIC Statewide Survey: Special Survey on Californians and the Environment. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) July 2003. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/S_703MBS.pdf

["Californians are deeply concerned about air pollution and they consider vehicle emissions a big culprit -- yet most do not see their own cars and sport utility vehicles as part of the problem, according to a poll.... Three out of four Californians considered air pollution a problem in their part of the state, making it the top priority among all environmental issues." Los Angeles Times (July 10, 2003) B1.]

[Request #S8569]

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Draft Report on the Environment 2003. By the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (The Agency, Washington, DC) June 2003. 167 p.

Full Text at: www.epa.gov/indicators/roe/pdf/EPA_Draft_ROE.pdf

["In its first comprehensive analysis of the quality of the environment in the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency said that the nation's air, water and land were cleaner and better protected than they were 30 years ago but that problems remained with impure waterways, polluted air and the acceleration of suburban sprawl. It is a two-year synthesis of information available from some 30 federal agencies, states, tribes and nonprofit organizations that took part." New York Times (June 24, 2003) A28.]

[Request #S8580]

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FORESTRY

Sierra Nevada Forest Plan Ammendment: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement. By USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region. (The Service, Salt Lake City, Utah) June 2003. 372 p.

Full Text at: www.fs.fed.us/r5/snfpa/draft-seis/pdf/printing.pdf

["The U.S. Forest Service, would allow three times as much logging as was permitted by the agency under the Clinton administration....The officials say the plan calls for allowing timber companies to harvest large, commercially viable trees and use the proceeds in part to pay for so-called fuels management, the removal of small trees and brush that have little market value but are highly flammable.... Conservation groups attacked the plan as a blueprint for wholesale logging of national forests that targets many of the largest, most fire-resistant trees that provide shelter for wildlife.... The latest plan is to take effect after a three-month public comment period." Los Angeles Times (June 6, 2003) B6.]

[Request #S8582]

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RECYCLING

Corporate Strategies for Electronics Recycling: A Tale of Two Systems. By Sheila Davis and Ted Smith. Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition and the Computer TakeBack Campaign. (Coalition, San Jose, California) June 25, 2003 26 p.

Full Text at: www.svtc.org/cleancc/pubs/prison_final.pdf

["A Silicon Valley environmental group is praising Hewlett-Packard Company for its computer recycling efforts in Roseville, but blasting Dell Incorporated for using prison labor for a similar program.... The report comes amid nationwide efforts to grapple with the mounting problem of electronic waste.... Americans dump more than 3.2 million tons of electronic gear into U.S. landfills every year. Televisions and computer monitors contain up to 4 pounds of lead, as well as other toxic substances that can leach into the water table." Sacramento Bee (June 27, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8584]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

BUDGETING

What is the American Model Really About? Soft Budgets and the Keynesian Devolution. By John K. Galbraith. (Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York) 2003. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.levy.org/docs/ppb/ppb72.pdf

["Although an 'American free market model' is touted by many as an ideal form of capitalism, Galbraith argues that the United States has, in fact, relied heavily on government intervention in housing, health care, pensions, and education to provide stimuli to the U.S. economy. The author adds that the U.S. may need to return to these governmental programs in order to restore growth to the current economy." Moving Ideas News (June 25, 2003).]

[Request #S8585]

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ETHICS

"Enforcement or Ethical Capacity: Considering the Role of State Ethics Commissions at the Millenium." By Robert W. Smith, Clemson University. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 63, no. 3 (May/June 2003) pp. 283-295.

["This article explores some useful theoretical constructs to help understand ethics commissions.... The article concludes with 10 recommendations to improve ethics enforcement and the ethics-building capacity of state government."]

[Request #S8586]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update: By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-09. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 30, 2003. 5 p.

[Includes: "Indian Education Formula Grants;" "Adolescent Family Life Research Grants;" "Food Safety and Security Research;" "National Information Center for Traumatic Brain Injury;" and others.]

[Request #S8587]

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POLITICS & PUBLIC POLICY

Forum On Key National Indicators: Assessing the Nation's Position and Progress. By the U. S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-672SP. (The Office, Washington, DC) May 2003. 71 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-672SP

["The nation confronts profound challenges resulting from a variety of factors, including changing security threats, dramatic shifts in demographic patterns, the multidimensional processes of globalization, and the accelerating pace of technological change. These are all coming together in an era of diminishing public resources.... The United States could potentially benefit from developing a set of key national indicators to help access our nation's position and progress."]

[Request #S8588]

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PRIVATIZATION

Annual Privatization Report: 2003. By The Reason Public Policy Institute (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) 2003. Various pagings

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/apr2003/anpr2003.html

[Includes: "Federal Privatization Trends;" "The Emergence of a Global Airport Industry;" "Federal E-Government Strategy Evolves;" "Two Years After California's Blackouts: What Have We Learned?" "Weighing Welfare Reform and Privatizaiton;" and more]

[Request #S8589]

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STATE BUDGETS

The Fiscal Survey of States. By National Association of State Budget Officers (The Association, Washington, D.C.) 2003. 58 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/FSS0603.pdf

["According to the report, fiscal 2003 has been a grueling budget year for most of the nation's governors ... In the current fiscal climate, states' reserve funds have been almost decimated ... Total balances peaked in fiscal 2000 at $48.8 billion, but by fiscal 2003 they had plummeted to a mere $6.3 billion. Governors in 29 states recommended $17.5 billion in tax and fee increases in fiscal 2004, the largest net increase since 1979. State spending growth fell to 0.3% this year and is expected to slide to 0.1% in the fiscal year that begins July 1, the report indicated." The Bond Buyer (June 27, 2003)]

[Request #S8590]

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Guinn v. The Legislature of the State of Nevada. Nevada Supreme Court. 41679. July 10, 2003. 25 p.

Full Text at: www.leg.state.nv.us/scd/119NevAdvOpNo34.pdf

["The state Supreme Court ruled against Nevada's constitutional requirement for a two-thirds majority vote by legislators to raise taxes, saying it must give way to another constitutional mandate to adequately fund public education. The 6-1 decision, authorizing a simple majority vote on taxes, grants Republican Gov. Kenny Guinn's request for the court to order lawmakers to promptly end an impasse over new taxes that has persisted since the June 2 end of the regular session and through two ensuing special sessions." Associated Press (June 10, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8591]

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TAXATION

House Leadership Child Credit Bill Not Fiscally Responsible: Proposal More Likely to Harm Children than to Assist Them. By Robert Geenstein. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) June 11, 2003. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.CenterOnBudget.org/6-11-03tax.pdf

["The child tax credit legislation that House Republican leaders unveiled on June 10 carries a price tag of $82 billion, with none of its costs being offset. A proposal of this nature was floated in Senate negotiations last week on child tax credit legislation but rejected because of the effect it would have in worsening and already grim deficit picture. Such an approach, due to its fiscal irresponsibility, is more likely over the long run to harm than to help children, especially low-income children.... If the choice becomes one between passing such legislation and failing to act on the exclusion of low-income working families from the child tax credit provision of the already enacted tax-cut law, these families and their children would be better served by no action."]

[Request #S8592]

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TAXES

Dynamic Revenue Model Changes Associated With A Half-Cent Sales Tax Rate Increase. By Joe Fitz, Board of Equalization. (The Board, Sacramento, California) May 14, 2003. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.caltax.org/BOERateAt0.5.pdf

["A half-cent increase in the state sales tax ... would result in a $2 billion reduction in taxable sales, according to a review by the State Board of Equalization's chief economist.... Using the dynamic model developed by the Department of Finance, Joe Fitz found that a 0.5 percent increase would reduce California employment by about 24,000 jobs and reduce business investment by about $273 million." Caltaxletter (June 27, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8593]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

"The Quality of Health Care Delivered to Adults in the United States." By Elizabeth A. McGlynn and others. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 26. (June 26, 2003) pp. 2635-2645.

["The first national report card on quality of care, The Community Quality Index Study, assessed the extent to which recommended care was provided to a representative sample of the U.S. population for a broad range of conditions. About 6,700 provided written consent for researchers to review their medical records and use the information to evaluate performance on 439 clinical indicators of quality for preventive care and for 30 chronic and acute conditions such as diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease, pneumonia, and low back pain. Findings include: participants in the study received 55% of recommended care; underuse of care was a greater problem than overuse; and, quality varied substantially by condition."]

[Request #S8594]

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CHILDREN

House and Senate Act to Extend Availability of SCHIP Funds By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-35. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 27, 2003. 3 p.

["The program has continued to grow as beneficiaries move into it and as states expand their offerings... H.R. 531 and S. 312, both of which passed on June 26, 2003 would extend the availability of all lapsed FY 1998 and FY 1999 funds and would permit states that had not received redistributions to retain most of their remaining FY 2002 allotments... S. 312 would extend the permissible uses of SCHIP funds for certain states whose high levels of Medicaid eligibility prior to the enactment of SCHIP precludes their using SCHIP funds for families already covered."]

[Request #S8595]

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EMERGENCY CARE

Growing Gaps in California's Emergency Room Backup System. By Peter Hansel. Senate Office of Research. (SOR, Sacramento, California) May 2003. 97 p.

Full Text at: www.sen.ca.gov/sor/reports/REPORTS_BY_SUBJ/HEALTH/Ab2611.pdf

["While most on-call physicians honor commitments to provide on-call service ... evidence is systematically mounting that gaps and problems with on-call coverage are contributing to delays in treatment and growing costs to hospitals across the state, as well as constituting a growing source of hospital and physician violations of anti-patient-dumping statutes."]

[Request #S8596]

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HEALTH INSURANCE

"Health Emergency." By Ron Panko. IN: Best's Review, vol. 104, no. 1 (May 2003) pp. 66-72; Tables.

["Universal health care could be crafted to save the nation money and give insurers a major role.... A perfect storm besetting the nation's health care system is causing some leaders to rethink their views and conclude that insuring the nation's 41 million-plus without coverage could actually lower the costs of treating them and save the nation's health care system from financial collapse."]

[Request #S8597]

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MEDI-CAL

Physician Participation in Medi-Cal, 2001. By Andrew B. Bindman, University of California, San Francisco, and others. (The University, San Francisco, California) May 2003. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.medi-cal.org/topics/download.cfm?pg=access&fn=MediCalPhysParticipation2001%2Epdf&pid=92134&itemid=20731

["Nearly half of California physicians are not willing to treat new Medi-Cal patients -- despite higher reimbursement rates in recent years -- according to a study.... Specialty physicians have even lower participation rates.... Only 28 percent of orthopedic surgeons and 38 percent of endocrinologists take Med-Cal patients.... Many physicians appear to have given up on Medi-Cal altogether. Only 20 percent of primary care physicians are caring for 80 percent of the state's Medi-Cal patients. And the percentage of urban surgery specialists who refuse new Medi-Cal patients has doubled from 1988 to about 40 percent." Oakland Tribune (June 17, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S8598]

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MEDICARE

Senate to Consider Medicare Prescription Drug Legislation. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 03-31. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 6, 2003. 2 p.

["Medicare recipients can receive financial support for their prescription drug costs only to the extent that they are enrolled in state Medicaid programs that provide such benefits...The administration and congressional leaders of both parties have supported the concept of a Medicare prescription drug benefit, but a series of competing proposals over the past two years have produced no legislation."]

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HOUSING

COMMUNITY PLANNNING

Civic Infrastructure and the Financing of Community Development. By William T. Bogart. York College of Pennsylvania. Prepared for The Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitian Policy. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2003. 46 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/es/urban/publications/20030527_Bogart.pdf

["This paper examines how relationships between public, for-profit, and non-profit community development entities affect the capacity for financing urban neighborhood projects by examining networks among such groups in three cities -- Cleveland, Indianapolis, and St. Louis.... Taken together, these case studies reveal that while the financial instruments for urban development -- first mortgages, subordinated debt, grants, tax abatements, and tax credits -- remain the same in all three cities, the varying structure and strength of their respective community building institutions directly influence what gets built and how it's financed."]

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ELDERLY

Elder Housing: Project Funding and Other Factors Delay Assistance to Needy Households. By U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-512 (The Office, Washington, DC) May 2003. 80 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-512

["According to the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the most widespread and urgent housing problem facing elderly households is affordability. About 3.3 million elderly renter households in the United States have very low incomes. The Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program provides capital advances (grants) to nonprofit organizations to develop affordable rental housing."]

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HUMAN SERVICES

ADOLESCENTS

"A Demonstration That School-Based Required Service Does Not Decline - But Heightens - Volunteerism. By Edward Metz and James Youniss. IN: Political Science and Politics, vol. 36, no. 2 (April 2003) pp. 281-286.

Full Text at: www.apsanet.org/PS/april03/metz.cfm

["There is no evidence that the requirement [to volunteer] turned students off to service, but quite a bit of support for the notion that required service was a positive motivating force."]

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14 and Younger: The Sexual Behavior of Young Adolescents. By Elizabeth Terry-Humen and others. Prepared for The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (The Campaign, Washington, DC) 2003. 27 p.

Full Text at: www.teenpregnancy.org/resources/reading/pdf/14summary.pdf

["About 20 percent of adolescents have had sexual intercourse before their 15th birthday -- and one in seven of sexually experienced 14-year old girls has been pregnant, according to a new report.... The report found young adolescents who were sexually experienced were far more likely than virgins to engage in other risky behaviors, like smoking, drinking and using drugs."]

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CALWORKS

Early Impact of the CalWORKS 60-Month Time Limit. By Scott Graves, California Budget Project. (The Project, Sacramento, California) June 2003. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2003/030627FactSheet.pdf

["A new welfare reform update finds that there were more than 5,500 CalWORKs cases in January in which adults lost aid while children in the household continued to receive cash assistance. This update examines the state's estimates of the number of adults who will 'time out' in 2002-03 and 2003-04, as well as the initial impact of the CalWORKs time limit."]

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CHILD SUPPORT

Rethinking the Medicaid Child Support Cooperation Requirement. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2003. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1053444543.45/CS_Medicaid.pdf

["This issue brief describes the state child support enforcement program and how medical support is treated in that program. It then describes the Medicaid program and the child support assignment and cooperation requirements and describes the difference between Medicaid and the SCHIP program. Next, it describes the issues that arise around the interface of these programs for both parents and the government. Finally, it makes a suggestion for ameliorating these difficulties."]

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FOSTER CARE

Foster Care and Future Risk of Maltreatment: [Issue Theme.] IN: Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 25, no. 4 (April 2003) pp. 271-354.

["Includes: "Evaluating and Monitoring the Impact of a Crisis Intervention System on a Residential Child Care Facility;" "Neighborhood-Based Prevention/Intervention: A Process Evaluation of a Risk-Focused Approach;" and others. NOTE: Children and Youth Services Review is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S8606]

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Expediting Adoption of Children from Foster Care: Recent State Legislation. By Steve Christian, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June 2003. 7 p.

["The federal Child and Family Service Reviews indicate that states continue to face a number of barriers to the timely adoption of children from foster care. Only nine of the 32 states reviewed in fiscal year 2001 and 2002 met the national standard for timeliness of adoption.... During the past few years, states have passed a variety of laws addressing delays in court proceedings that affect permanency for foster children."]

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WELFARE REFORM

New Hope for Families and Children: Five-Year Results of a Program to Reduce Poverty and Reform Welfare. By Aletha C. Huston and others. Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. (MDRC, Washington, DC) June 2003. 218 p.

Full Text at: www.mdrc.org/Reports2003/new_hope/report.pdf

["In today's labor market, many people who work do not earn enough to lift their families out of poverty. Many low-wage workers are not offered health insurance through their jobs, and many families with children face prohibitive child care costs. Policymakers have responded by implementing and expanding a series of programs designed to 'make work pay...." The New Hope Project is an example.... New Hope was an innovative program designed to improve the lives of low-income people who were willing to work full time, by providing several benefits: an earnings supplement ... subsidized health insurance and subsidized child care.]

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INTERNATIONAL READER

Views of a Changing World. By the Pew Global Attitudes Project, Madeleine K. Albright, Chair. (Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Washington, DC) June 2003. 136 p.

Full Text at: people-press.org/reports/pdf/185.pdf

["This new report focuses on the global reaction to the war in Iraq, attitudes around the world toward the challenges ahead -- such as the U.S. led war on terrorism, the Israeli-Palestinian situtation, Iran, Syria and North Korea -- and views of American unilateralism and the future of the transatlantic relationship. It also measures change in attitudes toward the U.S. over the past year."]

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TRANSPORTATION

FEDERAL TRANSPORTATION MANDATES

Mass Transit: Federal Transportation Administration (FTA) Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Rating Process. By U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-03-701 (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2003. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-701

["Under the transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century Congress authorized federal funding for New Starts fixed guideway transit projects - including rail and bus rapid transit projects that met certain criteria."]

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HIGHWAYS

Release of Highway Discretionary Funds. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 03-34. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 20, 2003. 4 p.

["Congress traditionally sets aside funds for a series of projects termed discretionary funding, most of which are chosen through congressional earmarks... These grants total $693 million, and are made in seven distinct areas: borders and corridors, the transportation and community and system preservation pilot program, interstate maintenance, bridge replacement and rehabilitation, public lands highways, ferry boats and terminals, and intelligent transportation systems."]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill bulletin. By the California Institute for Federal Policy Research. Volume 10, Bulletin 19-20 (The Institute, Washington, DC) June 27 - July 11, 2003. 22 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1020.htm

[Includes: "Senate Medicare Bill Provision Would Benefit CA Immigrant Health Services;" "Senate Medicare Bill Would Help States Provide Emergency Health Care to Undocumented Immigrants;" "Rail Infrastructure Financing Proposals Considered;" "Senate-Proposed Reimbursement for Emergency Health Services to Undocumented Aliens;" House Higher Education Panel Explores Ways to Manage Tuition Hikes;" "Bay Area Representatives Aim to Keep Air Rescue Wing at Moffett;" "Californians Rank Air Pollution as Top Environmental Concern, According to PPIC Special Survey;" "House Panel Holds Field Hearing on Community Services Block Grants;" and others.]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY

WORLD TRADE

Global Competitiveness Report: 2002-2003. By Michael E. Porter and others, World Economic Forum. (The Forum, Geneva Switzerland) 2003. 664 p.

["The Public Institutions Index, combined with the Technology Index and the Macroeconomic Environment Index, comprise the three main components of the competitiveness rankings released every year by the Forum.... The Index is calculated from responses to the Executive Opinion Survey 2003, which captures the perceptions of national business leaders on the quality of the business environment of the country in which they operate." Africa News (June 11, 2003) 1. NOTE: Global Competitiveness ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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EDUCATION

CHARTER SCHOOLS

Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from California. By Ron Zimmer and others, RAND. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 312 p.

["Student test scores in California charter schools have kept pace with those in conventional public schools over the last five years even though the charter campuses have had fewer credentialed teachers and less public money, according to a report. The study ... mirrors findings from other recent reports on California's 400 plus charter schools, which serve about 150,000 students." Los Angeles Times (July 1, 2003) 1. NOTE: Charter School Operations ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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HEALTH

ACCESS TO CARE

"Defining Cultural Competence: A Practical Framework For Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care." By J.R. Betancourt and others. IN: Public Health Reports, vol. 118, no. 4 (July/August 2003) pp. 293-302.

["The authors assert that ... a comprehensive approach to thinking about and implementing cultural competence in health care at multiple levels and from multiple perspectives is still needed. This article describes their efforts to practically define cultural competence and to develop a framework that links interventions to an overall approach to eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health and health care." MCH Alert (July 11, 2003)1.]

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CHILDREN

"Partnership to Establish an Environmental Safety Net for Children: [Issue Supplement.]" IN: Pediatrics, vol. 112, no. 1 (July 2003) pp. 209-264.

["This supplement looks at the number of environmental health risks where children live and play, and how parents and pediatricians can protect kids. Topics include evaluating the links between childhood cancers and environmental problems, herbal remedies that can pose a threat to children, pollutants' effects on growth and maturation, the impact of agricultural uses of antibiotics on children's health and lead poisoning in developing countries." Connect for Kids (July 7, 2003). NOTE: Partnership to Establish ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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