Subject: Studies in the News 03-74 (November 6, 2003)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

November 1853 - "Two companies of U.S. artillery occupied the mission San Diego de Alcala beginning in November 1853. The army used the adobe church as a stable for their horses.... The mission had been relocated to its present site to obtain a better supply of water, more fertile soil and to get away from the Spanish military presence that intimidated the Native Americans. The site was close to the San Diego River and the American Indian villages. In 1862, 22 acres of the Mission lands were restored to the Church by order of President Abraham Lincoln. It serves today as an active parish for the Catholic community. "  

- "The Mission San Diego de Alcala is the 1st mission founded in California. It was founded in 1769.... The mission was built according to army fort specifications. By 1780 most of the reconstruction of the Mission and its outbuilding was completed. By 1931, only the façade was still standing and the mission was rebuilt to mirror the 1813 church.... In 1813, the church had been enlarged. Buttress wings were added during the 1813 enlargement to stabilize the façade in the event of an earthquake. "  

Contents This Week

   California crime rates
   Improving justice technology infrastructure
   Aftercare services for juveniles
   Prisoner reentry
   Drug offenders in state prison
   Borders issues with Canada and Mexico
   Illegal aliens help states gain clout
   Survey of purchasing managers
   Mortgage refinancing
   Widest wage gap on record
   Diversity in prime time T.V.
   Financing rural entrepreneurs
   Signs of strength in economy
   School funding and high standards
   Case studies of No Child Left Behind Act
   College tuition and undocumented immigrants
   History of educational freedom
   Improving school leadership
   Unemployment trust funds
   Worker's Compensation insurance market overview
   Major changes to WIA program
   Women bear the burden of environmental illnesses
   Pesticides on produce
   Money games political parties play
   Scrapping civil service
   Competitive federal grants
   Federal income taxes drop as share of GDP
   State mandates need for reform
   State and local business taxes
   Budget analysis
   Addressing the budget shortfall
   Court approves touch-screen voting
   Risks with touch-screen voting
   Roots of severe mental illness
   Type 2 diabetes mellitus in children
   Insured drive surge in emergency room visits
   Uninsured workers at large firms
   Federal Medicaid reimbursement for Native Americans
   Adult disabled Medi-cal beneficiaries
   Uninsured workers and the states
   Reductions in out-of-wedlock births
   Impact of CalWORKs
   Youth engagement in community governance
   Mexican immigrants in the United States
   Final report on Klamath fish
   Assessment of California forest and rangeland
   Rainmaking methods questioned
   Comparison of physician organizations
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:



Crime in 2003: January Through June. By the Criminal Justice Statistics Center, California Department of Justice. (The Office, Sacramento, California) 2003. Various pagings.

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["Violent crime in California's largest cities and counties decreased 3.7% during the first half of 2003, but some communities were exceptions -- San Bernardino and Inglewood among them -- and property crime inched upward across the state, statistics show. While crime rates in California remain at 30-year lows, one category -- auto theft -- showed a significant increase." Los Angeles Times (October 16, 2003) B5.]

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Improving Justice Technology Infrastructure. By Justin Marks, National Conference of State Legislatures. NCSL State Legislative Report. Vol 28, No. 12. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) September 2003. 10 p.

[“Twenty-first century justice agencies require a technology infrastructure that supports timely sharing of critical information in order to combat crime and terrorism.... States are working to develop, fund and maintain the technological and legal infrastructure needed to support justice data sharing, while ensuring the security and privacy of justice information systems.”]

[Request #S9459]

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Aftercare Services. By Steve V. Gies, Office of Juvenile Justice and Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. NJC201800. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 23, 2003. 31 p.

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["This Bulletin examines aftercare services that provide youth with comprehensive health, mental health, education, family, and vocational services upon their release from the juvenile justice system.... Effective aftercare requires a continuum of community services to prevent the recurrence of antisocial behavior."]

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Illinois Prisoners' Reflections on Returning Home. By Christy Visher and others, Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) September 2003. 8 p.

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["Odds Against Inmates When They Rejoin Rest of the World: The study surveyed 400 male prisoners on the eve of their release.... The agency will be reviewing proposals for transitional and support services to help released prisoners.... Nearly half were serving time for drug offenses, and drug rehabilitation programs suffer from interminable waiting lists. And only 14 percent had a post-prison job lined up. It comes down to too many drugs and too few jobs." Chicago Sun-Times (September 29, 2003) 37.]

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Latinos and Drug Policy in California: Briefing Book 2003. By the Drug Policy Alliance and the William C. Vellasquez Institute. (The Alliance, Sacramento, California) 2003. Various pagings.

[“As of December 31, 2002, 33,548 men were incarcerated in California state prisons for drug charges, constituting 22.4% of all male prisoners. Latinos comprise 32.2% of males ages 18 to 59 in California, and 36.6% of drug offenders in state prison…. White men constitute 47% of males 18 to 59 in California, but 31.8% of drug offenders in state prison”]

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A Tale of Two Borders: The U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada Lines After 9-11. By Peter Andreas, Brown University. Prepared for The Center For Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California, San Diego. Working Paper No. 77. (The Center, San Diego, California) 2003. 14 p.

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["In this paper I trace the changing practice and politics of North American border controls and analyze the implications of these changes for cross-border relations and continental integration.... I show why the task of border control has become significantly more difficult, cumbersome, and disruptive in the post-9-11 era."]

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Remaking the Political Landscape: The Impact of Illegal and Legal Immigration on Congressional Apportionment. By Dudley L. Poston and others, Center for Immigration Studies. Backgrounder. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2003. 8 p.

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["Illegal immigrants can't vote or contribute to campaigns, but they wield considerable yet little-noticed political clout by shifting congressional seats to California at the expense of other states.... The report argues that because the census counts all residents, including people here illegally, the congressional apportionment process is skewed in favor of states with the most illegal immigrants." Wall Street Journal (October 23, 2003) 1.]

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Sharp Rebound in California's Manufacturing Sector. By Raymond Sfeir, A. Gary Anderson Center for Economic Research, Chapman University. (The Center, Orange, California) October 14, 2003. 7 p.

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["According to the new survey of 234 purchasing managers, California's manufacturing sector showed strong improvement, headed by the high-tech industry, during the third quarter ended September 30. The survey also demonstrated that manufacturing employment was rising, albeit slowly." Capitol Hill Bulletin (October 23, 2003) 1.]

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Mortgage Refinancing. By John Krainer, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Milton Marquis, Florida State University. FRBSF Economic Letter. No. 2003-29. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) October 3, 2003. 4 p.

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["In this Economic Letter, we review some of the research literature on the factors affecting refinancing decisions, as well as some of the trends that have affected the mortgage market and lowered the transaction costs associated with refinancing."]

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The Gap Between Minimum and Median Wage Earners Continues to Grow. By the Economic Policy Institute (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 22, 2003. 1 p.

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["Over the last 30 years, the gap between middle-wage workers and those earning the minimum wage has expanded. This gap is at its widest level on record. Since 1973, the real median wage -— the hourly wage of the worker in the middle of the wage scale -— has risen by 10%. Conversely, over this same period, there has been a 10% decrease in the real value of the minimum wage."]

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Prime Time In Black and White: Not Much Is New For 2002. By the Ralph J. Bunche Center for African American Studies at University of California, Los Angeles. Research Report Vol. 1, No. 1. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) 2003. 8 p.

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["Prime Time in Black and White is a five-year, longitudinal study of diversity on prime time network television. The goal of the project is to explore the relationships between television entertainment and today’s American racial order.... Latino and Asian Americans were significantly underrepresented in terms of screen time, accounting for only about 3 percent and 1 percent of total screen time, respectively."]

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"Main Streets of Tomorrow: Growing and Financing Rural Entrepreneurs -- A Conference Summary." By Mark Draenstott and others, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. IN: Economic Review, vol. 88, no. 3 (Third Quarter 2003) pp. 73-87.

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["More and more rural regions are turning their attention to the 'third leg of the development tool' -- growing more businesses on Main Street. The new focus is long overdue, participants agreed, and has great promise for boosting rural economic growth.... The challenge now is to figure out how to make entrepreneurship the centerpiece of rural policy."]

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Gross Domestic Product, Third Quarter 2003. By Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce. (The Department, Washington, DC) October 2003.

["The economy expanded at its fastest rate since 1984 during the three months that ended in September ... a sign of strength not seen since 2000... Commerce Department's report -- the latest in a line of encouraging signs -- is also likely to allay fears among some at the Federal Reserve." Sacramento Bee (October 31, 2003) A1.]

Press release. 2 p.

Spreadsheet. Various pagings.

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High Expectations, Modest Means: The Challenge Facing California's Public Schools. By Heather Rose and others, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) October 2003. 162 p.

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["This report provides background information on the state's academic standards, resources, and funding mechanisms.... In addition, the report provides a clear, authoritative discussion of Proposition 98 and its origins. The report concludes that the upcoming work of the Quality Education Commission, which is charged with developing school prototypes and estimating their costs, may provide a useful bridge between the State Board of Education, which sets academic and content standards, and the legislature, which allocates school funds."]

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Case Studies of Local Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act. By the Center on Education Policy, Washington, DC) October 7, 2003. 84 p.

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["As part of its multi-year national study of the No Child Left Behind Act, the Center on Education Policy commissioned consultants to do case studies of local implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act in several school districts throughout the country. The case study districts were selected to be geographically diverse [including California] and to reflect the approximate distribution of urban, suburban, and rural districts in the nation."]

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College Tuition and Undocumented Immigrants. By Christine Walton, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. vol. 11, no. 39. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado)October 2003. 2 p.

["Since 2001, more than 20 states have introduced bills addressing in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants. Seven states have established new residency standards allowing unauthorized immigrant students to receive in-state tuition under certain conditions.... Not helping students attend college results in much greater costs to the state and contributes to an uneducated workforce."]

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Our History of Educational Freedom: What It Should Mean for Families Today. By Marie Gryphon and Emily A. Meyer, Center for Educational Freedom, Cato Institute. Cato Policy Analysis. No. 492. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 8, 2003. 24 p.

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["In this paper we examine the American tradition of educational freedom, following its ebb and flow at various points in our history.... But our legacy of freedom has suffered repeated assaults by individuals and groups who wish to use state control over schooling to homogenize American culture. We examine recent victories for educational freedom."]

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Improving Teaching and Learning by Improving School Leadership. By Christopher Mazzeo, Center for Best Practices, National Governors Association. Issue Brief. (The Center, Washington,DC) September 12, 2003. 10 p.

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["School leaders provide focus and direction to curriculum and teaching and manage the organization efficiently to support student and adult learning.... To improve the system of preparing and developing principals, governors and other state policymakers should focus on three key areas -- licensure, preparation, and professional develoment."]

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Unspent Reed Act Funds: The Next Target? By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-53. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 21, 2003. 3 p.

["The Department of Labor made an $8 billion Reed Act distribution to states' unemployment trust funds in March 2002... The states have yet to spend or appropriate $5 billion of the $8 billion in funds provided to them. While many states have large balances remaining, several have decided to leave their Reed Act funds in their trust fund to avoid automatic employer tax increases or surcharges."]

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California Workers' Compensation Insurance Market Overview. And The Garamendi Plan for Workers' Compensation Reform. By the Department of Insurance. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2003. 16 p.

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["Garamendi Takes on Workers' Comp Reforms: California's insurance chief ... saying the Legislature's overhaul of the state's workers' compensation; system was 'inadequate' called for additional reforms including further cutbacks to outpatient surgical centers and a crackdown on costly litigation.... Architects of the reform package said the changes would wring out as much as $6 billion in savings, primarily by reining in spiraling medical costs." Los Angeles Times (October 23, 2003) 1.]

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WIA Reauthorization: Big Changes in Store for States? By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-51. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 16, 2003. 11 p.

["This Issue Brief summarizes the major funding issues surrounding reauthorization and estimates the impact of proposed program changes on states.... The House proposes major changes to WIA programs, including a consolidation of the adult programs. In contrast, the Senate bill would revise the formulas for adult and youth activities but maintain the existing programs."]

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Confronting Toxic Contamination in Our Communities: Women's Health and California's Future. By Tina Eshagpour, and others, The Women's Foundation of California. (The Foundation, San Francisco, California) October 2003.

["Women, with a 2 to 10 percent higher proportion of body fat than men, store more fat-soluble toxic materials, even when exposed to the same amount as men.... The report also noted that women pass a lifetime of accumulated toxins to their fetuses in utero and to their newborns via breast milk, with chemical concentrations passed to newborns 10 to 40 times greater than the daily exposures of adults." Oakland Tribune (October 14, 2003) 1.]

Summary. Various pagings.

Report. 50 p.

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Report Card: Pesticides in Produce. By the Environmental Working Group. (The Group, Washington, DC) October 2003. Various pagings.

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["Apples, peppers, celery and cherries top a list compiled by an environmental research organization of the 12 fruits and vegetables it considers the most contaminated by pesticides. The report ranks pesticide contamination for 46 fruits and vegetables and is based on more than 100,000 laboratory tests conducted from 1992 to 2001 by the Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration.... Additional testing was done on organic produce by the state of California." Sacramento Bee (October 21, 2003) D3.]

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Passing the Bucks: Money Games That Political Parties Play. By Denise Roth Barber and Kathy Helland, The Institute on Money in State Politics. (The Institute, Helena, Montana) September 30, 2003. 109 p.

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["Study Tracks Soft Money Contributions in States: The six-year study followed the path of soft money between the state and national Republican and Democratic committees.... The study found that state party committees in Callifornia raised more than $109.5 million in soft money over three election cycles in 1998, 2000 and 2002. The study will be used to compare the effects of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act." Contra Costa Times (October 1, 2003) F4.]

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"Scrapping the Civil Service" By Shane Peterson. IN: Government Technology (October 2003) pp. 10; 32-42; 64.

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["Several years in the making, Delaware's creation of a Cabinet-level Department of Technology and Information (DTI) was finished in May.... DTI employees now work outside the protections of the state's civil service system. The word now is "performance," and DTI employees were told during the transition that pay is now tied to performance. The DTI shares its exemption from the merit system with the state's Economic Development Office."]

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Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant 03-15. (FFIS, Washington, DC)September 30, 2003. 4 p

[Includes: "Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education;" "Advanced Education Nursing Program;" "Advanced Education Nursing Traineeships;" "Traumatic Brain Injury Program State Grants;" "Homeless Outreach Projects and Evaluation (HOPE); and others.]

[Request #S9483]

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Federal Income Taxes, As a Share Of GDP, Drop To Lowest Level Since 1942, According To Final Budget Data; Erosion Of Income Tax Base Drives Other Key Budget Developments. By Isaac Shapiro, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) October 21, 2003. 7 p.

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["The exceptionally low level to which income tax receipts have already fallen, in conjunction with the looming deficits that lie ahead should cause policymakers to pause before enacting new income tax cuts or extending current ones without offsetting their costs.... Revenues have now fallen to such low levels as to threaten the adequacy of the nation's revenue base, expecially with the retirement of the baby-boom generation rapidly approaching."]

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State Mandates: The High Level of Questionable Costs Claimed Highlights the Need for Structural Reforms of the Process. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. 2003-106. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) October 2003. 109 p.

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["The report finds that cost for [some] mandates are significantly higher than what the legislature initially expected. ... [It] also finds that local entities reviewed claimed cost....for activities that far exceed the Commission on State Mandate's intent." State Net (October 16, 2003) 2.]

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“Total State and Local Business Taxes: Fiscal 2003 Update.” By Robert Cline, and others. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 30, no. 3 (October 20, 2003) pp. 205-210.

[“State and local taxes paid by business in fiscal 2003 totaled almost $400 billion, an increase of 5.3 percent from the level in fiscal 2002. The $400 billion figure is 43 percent of all state and local taxes collected in fiscal 2003…. Because business taxes are growing significantly faster than nonbusiness taxes, the share of total taxes paid by business has risen in recent years.”]

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New Analysis Confirms Failure of State Budget Deal: $16.5 Billion Deficit Greets Schwarzenegger. By Carl DeMaio, Reason Foundation and President of the Performance Institute (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) October 10, 2003. 1 p.

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["Analysis ... demonstrates that the state is still mired in a severe fiscal crisis and will likely face a $16.5 billion deficit. [The author's] analysis demonstrates how the current budget deal has in essence 'fallen apart' resulting in a much larger deficit than the $8 billion shortfall already projected by the non-partisan Legislative Analyst's Office. Moreover, the analysis provides a scary look into the nearly $20 billion in debt that has been accumulated in just 3 years of borrowing and raiding state special funds to mask the true size of the deficit."]

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California Spending Plan 2003-04: The Budget Act and Related Legislation. By the Office of the Legislative Analyst. (The Office, Sacramento, California) October 2003. 77 p.

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[“The Legislature was faced with addressing an enormous two-year General Fund budget shortfall in developing the state’s spending plan for 2003-04. We discuss the factors underlying this shortfall, describe the key actions taken to address it, and provide detail on the adopted budget package."]

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Susan Marie Weber v. Kevin Shelly, et al. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 02-56726. October 28, 2003. 10 p.

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["Paperless touch-screen voting got a clean bill of health from a federal appeals court. The lack of a paper printout that would let voters double-check their ballots is 'at most a hypothetical concern' that does not show the system is unreliable or especially fraud-prone....California 'made a reasonable, politically neutral and nondiscriminatory choice to certify touch-screen systems' that judges should not second-guess. The ruling validates a system now used by four counties - Alameda, Riverside, Plumas and Shasta - and soon to be adopted by others." San Francisco Chronicle (October 29, 2003) A19.]

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Risk Assessment Report: Diebold AccuVote-TS Voting System and Processes. By Science Application International Corp. Prepared for Office of Information Technology, Department of Budget and Management. (The Office, Annapolis, Maryland) September 2003. 40 p.

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["The new touch-screen voting machines San Diego County wants to use beginning next March have technological flaws that could compromise election results, but those problems can be fixed, according to a new study done for the State of Maryland.... The various various improvements recommended for the machines and for election procedures will reduce the risks." San Diego Union Tribune (September 26, 2003) B1.]

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"An Action Model of Socially Disruptive Behaviors Committed by Persons with Severe Mental Illness: The Role of Self-Reported Childhood Abuse and Suspiciousness-Hostility." By Golan Shahar, and others. IN: Psychiatry, vol. 66 no. 1 (Spring 2003) pp. 42-52.

["The authors hypothesized that socially disruptive behaviors committed by people with severe mental illness will be at least partly influenced by incidents of childhood sexual and physical abuse. They further hypothesized that this effect of child abuse on disruptive behaviors in severe mental illness will be mediated by patients' suspiciousness and hostility.... The results encourage further exploration of the role of childhood maltreatment in the adaptation of people with severe mental illness."]

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"Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Children, With Special Emphasis on American Indian and Alaska Native Children." By Marcia M Ditmyer and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol.112 issue 4 (October 2003) pp. 328-348

["While change in physical activity and diet have significantly increased the rate of type 2 diabetes in children throughout the U.S., studies have shown that American Indian and Alaskan Native children face a higher risk of contracting the disease than do children of other ethnicities.... Prevention programs in these communities require a cooperative effort ... with appropriate tribal authorities, school, communities, state and federal agencies, and local businesses. The report also calls for more research, prevention efforts, and treatments for children with type 2 diabetes."]

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Insured Americans Drive Surge in Emergency Department Visits. By Peter Cunningham and Jessica May, Center for Studying Health System Change (The Center, Washington, DC) October 2003. 6 p.

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["Contrary to the perception that the uninsured account for a disproportionate amount of the increase in emergency department use, most of the increase in visits is due to increased use by insured people, especially the privately insured. Emergency department visits by privately insured persons increased 24 percent between 1996-97 and 2000-01, far outpacing the 4.7 percent increase in the number of privately insured people during this period."]

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The Growing Share of Uninsured Workers Employed By Large Firms. By Sherry Glied, Columbia University, and others (The Commonwealth Fund, New York, New York) October 2003. 38 p.

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["Almost a third of U.S. workers who lack health insurance work for large firms, a study released by the Commonwealth Fund found. Large employers -- those with 500 or more employees -- are still far more likely than their smaller counterparts to offer health benefits to workers. But the percentage of uninsured workers who are employed by large firms has been rising from 25 percent in 1987 to 32 percent in 2001." Fort Worth-Star Telegram (October 22, 2003) 1.]

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Court Approves 100% Medicaid Match for Referred Native American Services. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-50. (FFIS, Washington, DC)October 13, 2003. 3 p.

["In 1976, Congress enacted the Indian Health Care Improvement Act providing that states would receive reimbursement for 100% of the Medicaid costs of covered services provided to Medicaid-eligible American Indians and Alaska Natives.... A court case has certified a more expansive definition of which services to members of recognized Indian tribes qualify for 100% federal reimbursement."]

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Adults with Disabilities in Medi-Cal: The Beneficiary Perspective. By Brenda Prema and others, the Center for Disability Issues and the Health Professions. Prepared for the Medi-Cal Policy Institute. (The Institute, Oakland, California) September 2003. 52 p.

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["Twelve focus groups were conducted throughout the state with a total sample of 85 participants.... Based on input from the study focus groups, there appear to be significant problems in both the Medi-Cal fee-for-service and managed care delivery systems in providing services to beneficiaries with disabilities."]

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Exploring State Variation in Uninsurance Rates Among Low-Income Workers. By Linda J. Blumberg and Amy J. Davidoff, Urban Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) October 2003. 12 p.

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["Using data from the National Survey of America's Families, this brief reviews uninsurance rates for low-income workers across 13 states. States with relatively high rates of uninsurance tend to have greater than average proportions of Hispanics (both citizens and noncitizens), workers in fair or poor health, and workers in agriculture and construction. The research did not find differences in uninsurance by employer size."]

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HHS Awards Bonuses for Reducing Out-of-Wedlock Births. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 03-47. (FFIS, Washington, DC) October 8, 2003. 2 p.

["Each year, up to five states receive bonuses of $25 million or less.... States must use the bonus funds to carry out the purposes of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, and the funds are subject to the same limitations as TANF block grant funds."]

[Request #S9498]

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Welfare in California: Early Results from the Impact Analysis. By Jacob Alex Klerman and others, Rand Labor and Population. Prepared for the California Department of Social Services. Statewide CalWORKs Evaluation. MR-1358-CDSS. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 122 p.

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["This report presents early results on the impact of the CalWORKs program. In particular, it presents analyses of national data (administative data on caseloads and national survey data on household income) and statewide data (on caseloads, employment, and earnings)."]

[Request #S9499]

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Toward an Understanding of Youth in Community Governance: Policy Priorities and Research Directions. By Shepherd Zeldin and others. Social Policy Report, Vol. 17, No. 3. (Society for Research in Child Development, Ann Arbor, Michigan) 2003. 20 p.

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["Societal expectations for youth remain low and negative stereotypes remain entrenched in the mass media. More stable funding is needed for youth engagement. It will be especially critical to support community-based youth organizations because these places are likely to remain the primary catalysts for youth engagement in the civic life of communities."]

[Request #S9500]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Mexifornia: A State of Becoming. By Victor Davis Hanson. Encounter Books. (Encounter Books, San Francisco, California) 2003. 150 p.

["Illegal Immigration Threatens U.S. Future: [The] book bluntly addresses the turbulent transformation of which illegal aliens are the agents. 'Undocumented immigrants' is the deflecting euphemism that the media use for this.... The appropriate remedy ... he writes ... is 'far less illegal immigration and a more measured policy of legal immigration, along with a strong mandate for assimilation.'" Insight on the News (October 13, 2003) 56.]

[Request #S9502]

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Endangered and Threatened Fishes in the Klamath River Basin: Causes of Decline and Strategies for Recovery. By the Committee on Endangered and Threatened Fishes in the Klamath River Basin, National Research Council. (National Academies Press, Washington, DC) October 2003.

["After nearly two years of study, the National Research Council's scientific committee suggested a series of aggressive steps ranging from reviving long-drained lakes and wetlands to better controlling erosion from logging, restoring coldwater flows into tributaries, shuttering a hatchery and toppling dozens of dams. But the 12-member panel stuck by a controversial finding it first announced in an interim report last year: that, based on the scientific evidence, increased flows in the Klamath River and higher water levels in Oregon's Upper Klamath Lake are not justified to protect coho salmon in the river and the lake's two species of sucker fish." Los Angeles Times (October 22, 2003) B6.]

Press release. Various pagings.

Full Report. 450 p.

[Request #S9477]

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The Changing California: Forest and Range 2003 Assessment. By the Fire and Resource Assessment Program, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. (The Program, Sacramento, California) October 2003.

["This report looks at the sustainability of California's forests through the lenses of environmental, economic and social conditions, with the belief that all can be improved without the loss in another.... Almost four years in the making, this report is required by the Forest and Rangeland Assessment and Policy Act of 1977."] CDF News Release (October 9, 2003) 1.]

Full report. 250 p.

Executive Summary. 20 p.

[Request #S9503]

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Critical Issues in Weather Modification Research. By the Committee on the Status and Future Directions on U.S. Weather Modification Research and Operations, National Academy of Sciences (National Academies Press, Washington, DC) October 2003.

["A draft California water plan suggested the state should encourage more seeding -- and, just days later, a new national research report stressed it still is unproven.... The report's recommendation was not to stop seeding but to urge fellow scientists to get back to serious research that largely was shunned after the late 1970s, amid concerns that weather altering had fallen short of its promoters' most extravagant claims." Sacramento Bee (October 20, 2003) A1.]

Report in Brief. 4 p.

Full Report. 131 p.

[Request #S9480]

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How Different is California? A Comparison of U.S. Physician Organizations: Medical Groups and IPAs Provide Better Chronic Illness Care and Report Being No Worse Off Financially. By Robin R. Gillies and Others. IN: Health Affairs (October 15, 2003) pp. W3-492 - W3-502.

Full Text at:

["Data from a national study of medical groups and independent practice associations are used to examine the extent to which California physician organizations are different from physician organizations in the rest of the United States. California physician organizations are different in many ways: most notably, they are more likely to have external incentives to improve quality and more likely to use recommended care management processes for treating patients with chronic illnesses. The implications of these differences for policy and practice are discussed."]

[Request #S9505]

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