Subject: Studies in the News 04-18 (March 17, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

March 1854 - "In March 1854 Oakland was chartered as a city.... The site of the present city (as well as that of Alameda and Berkeley) lay originally within the limits of a great private Mexican grant which was confirmed by the United States authorities. A settlement was begun at first by squatters in defiance of the private claim in 1850. The water front was recklessly given away in 1852, and the resulting disputes and litigation lasted for more than thirty years."  http://67.1911encyclopedia.org/O/OA/OAKLAND.htm  

March 25, 1854 - "Horace W. Carpentier became the Oakland's first mayor. The first wharves in Oakland were apparently built by Mr. Carpentier back in 1853. In 1852 he had acquired a 37-year use of the waterfront and exclusive rights to erect wharves and docks from the town of Oakland. He was to build three wharves initially, one at Main Street, one at either F or G Street, and one at E Street. The action was denounced as illegal and dishonest by many people but nevertheless was approved by the board. "  http://www.pierfishing.com/pier_of_the_month/9909  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Military-civilian domestic violence collaboration
   Correctional drug treatment outcomes
   National drug control strategy
   Felony disenfranchisement laws
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Lesbian couple denied family club membership
DEMOGRAPHY
   Immigration limits
ECONOMY
   Benefits and risks of molecular nanotechnology
   Opportunities in nanotechnology
   NAFTA and Mexico's corn industry
   Job categories targeted for overseas workers
   Outsourcing California jobs
   CEOs with plans to shift work offshore
   Loss of jobs going overseas
   U.S. monetary policy
EDUCATION
   Accountability of charter schools
   State of preschool education
   UC Davis boosts local economy
   Latinos and high-speed communication
   Funding policies to foster high performance
   Local school support organizations
   School dropouts uncounted
EMPLOYMENT
   Unemployment tax avoidance
   Private employers and public benefits
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Park Service turns down Gaviota coast
   Assessing perchlorate risk
   Stone Lakes wildlife refuge
   Compensating for agricultural land conservation
   Concern over phosphorus
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   SCHIP redistributions and retentions
   Reduction of Medicaid payments
   Competitive grant update
   Auditor's report to legislative committees
   Governors' appointees by gender
   Increased spending on government salaries
   California Performance Review
   Tax increment financing and property values
   Californians and their government
   50-state survey of business taxes paid
   Sales taxation of services
HEALTH
   Health care cost pressure in forecast
   Medi-Cal program
   Medicare recipients confused about choices
   Truth about the tobacco industry
   Healthy families program
HOUSING
   Efforts to preserve low-income housing
   Housing supply in California
HUMAN SERVICES
   Significant changes in CalWORKs
   Issues in food stamps
   In-home supportive services
   States facing TANF funding shortfalls
TRANSPORTATION
   Transportation funding reform
   California high-speed rail
STUDIES TO COME
   International labor standards
   Economic divide in higher education
   Medicare fee schedules for workers comp
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Approaches to Making Military-Civilian Domestic Violence Collaboration Work: Lessons Learned from Two Case Studies: Issue Paper. And Formalizing Collaboration: Establishing Domestic Violence Memorandums of Understanding Between Military Installations and Civilian Communities: Issue Paper. By Laura J. Hickman and others, RAND. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003.

["The [first] paper presents findings from case studies in two localities -- Anchorage, Alaska and San Diego, California -- undertaken to gather preliminary information about military-civilian domestic violence collaboration.... [The second] paper discusses some key examples of challenges that must be addressed in establishing MOUs with civilian communities and provides several recommendations for overcoming such challenges."]

Approaches to Making Military-Civilian Domestic Violence Collaboration Work. 10 p.:
http://www.rand.org/publications/IP/IP254.1/IP254.1.pdf

Formalizing Collaboration. 8 p.:
http://www.rand.org/publications/IP/IP254-1/IP254-1.pdf

[Request #S1494]

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DRUGS

"Correctional Drug Treatment Outcomes -- Focus on California [Special Issue.]" IN: The Prison Journal, vol. 84, no. 1 (March 2004) pp. 3-138.

[Includes: "Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs in California;" "Amity Prison-Based Therapeutic Community: Five Year Outcomes;" "The California Treatment Expansion Initiative: Aftercare Participation, Recidivism;" "Treating Drug-Abusing Women Prisoners: An Outcomes Evaluation of the Forever Free Program;" "Risk and Prison Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: A Replication and Challenge;" and "Client Perceptions of Prison-Based Therapeutic Community Drug Treatment Programs."]

[Request #S1495]

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National Drug Control Strategy: Update. By the Office of National Drug Control Policy, The White House. (The Office, Washington DC) March 2004. 70 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs04/2004ndcs.pdf

["The most recent Monitoring the Future survey of high school students shows an 11 percent drop in the past month in the use of illicit drugs between 2001 and 2003. Monitoring the Future, which measured behavior at the 8th, 10th and 12th grades found significant reductions among all three levels. This finding represents the first decline in drug use across all three grades in more than a decade."]

[Request #S1496]

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FELONS

Diminished Voting Power in the Latino Community: The Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in Ten Targeted States. By Marisa J. Demeo and Steven A. Ochoa, Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund. (The Fund, Los Angeles, California) December 2003. 44 p.

Full Text at: www.maldef.org/pdf/LatinoVotingReport.pdf

["Laws across the country that bar felons from voting disproportionately affect Latinos, as well as African Americans. The report -- which looked at 10 states, including California -- found that Latinos were as much as three times more likely to lose their right to vote from felony disenfranchisement than the population at large." San Francisco Chronicle (February 19, 2004) A5.]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

GAYS & LESBIANS

B. Birgit Koebke, et al. vs. Bernardo Heights Country Club. California Court of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District. D041058. March 8, 2004. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/D041058.PDF

["A country club that denied a lesbian couple a family membership did not discriminate illegally, a state appellate court says, because California law doesn't require businesses to treat married and unmarried couples equally.... The ruling in a lawsuit brought by domestic partners, highlights a key issue in the same-sex marriage debate: the inability of gays and lesbians to qualify for public and private benefits that require a marriage license." San Francisco Chronicle (March 10, 2004) A12.]

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DEMOGRAPHY

IMMIGRANTS

Making and Remaking America: Immigration into the United States. By Philip Martin and Peter Duignan, Hoover Institution. Hoover Essays. No. 25. (The Institution, Stanford, California) 2003. 61 p.

Full Text at: www-hoover.stanford.edu/publications/he/25/25.pdf

["The authors ... posit that immigration policy should shift from allowing in unskilled workers to emphasizing skilled worker immigration.... [They] also call for a limit on the number of immigrants admitted annually to two per thousand of the population, and suggest that no more than 10 percent of immigrants should be allowed in from any one country in every single year."]

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ECONOMY

HIGH TECHNOLOGY

"Molecular Nanotech: Benefits and Risks." By Mike Treder. IN: The Futurist, vol. 38, no. 1 (January-February 2004) pp. 42-46.

["The technology described in this article is molecular nanotechnology (MNT). MNT is about constructing shapes, machines, and products at the atomic level -- putting them together molecule by molecule. With parts only a few nanometers wide, it may become possible to build a supercomputer smaller than a grain of sand, a weapon smaller than a mosquito, or a self-contained nanofactory that sits on your kitchen counter."]

[Request #S1500]

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Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: Opportunities and Challenges in California. By the California Council on Science and Technology. (The Council, Sacramento, California) January 2004. 139 p.

Full Text at: www.ccst.us/ccst/pubs/nano/NanoReportNC.pdf

["A new report discusses the opportunities and challenges presented by nanotechnology and makes various policy recommendations.... Among the recommendations for federal policy action are to bring federal money to California via the Boehlert-Honda Nanotechnology Act and the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research.... The report also recommends that the California delegation focus on NASA Ames ... one of the largest single nanotechnology research centers in the world." California Capitol Hill Bulletin (January 22, 2003) 2.]

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NAFTA

NAFTA, Corn, and Mexico's Agricultural Trade Liberalization. By Gisele Henriques and Raj Patel. (Americas Program, Interhemispheric Resource Center, Silver City, New Mexico) February 13, 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.americaspolicy.org/pdf/reports/0402nafta.pdf

["Trade liberalization has had a major impact on Mexican agriculture, and specifically on corn farming. Since many of the poorest people in Mexico engage in corn production, it serves as a barometer for the condition of the most marginalized groups in Mexican society. After ten years of NAFTA, results show that the poorest have fared exceptionally badly. In asking what went wrong, it is important to note that not all of the increase in rural poverty can be attributed to membership in NAFTA. The authors explore a variety of components of Mexico's trade liberalization."]

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OUTSOURCING

The New Wave of Outsourcing. By Ashok Deo Bardhan and Cynthia Kroll, Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of California, Berkeley. (The Center, Berkeley, California) November 2, 2003. 13 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1025&context=iber/fcreue

["They identify the jobs that are the most likely targets, including any work that is done primarily over the phone or over the Internet. The researchers found 37 job categories ripe for being moved overseas -- not just computer workers, but insurance claim processors, radiology technicians and paralegals..... Business process outsourcing employs more than 200,000 people in India, with more than 70 percent of its exports going to the United States, the UC Berkeley team estimates." San Francisco Chronicle (March 7, 2004) A1.]

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California Competitive Project: Assessment of California Competitiveness. By California Business Roundtable and Bain and Company. (The Roundtable, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.cbrt.org/PDF/CCP%20Exec%20Summary.pdf

["Discouraged by high costs and strict regulations, just under 60 percent of California business leaders interviewed for a new study said they have policies to restrict job growth in the state or move to other locations in the United States.... The Roundtable, representing large corporations in the state, has been at the forefront of the argument that California is hostile to business, driving companies away and destroying jobs." San Francisco Chronicle (February 24, 2004) 1.]

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CEOs Maintain Confidence in Economy: Nation’s Business Leaders Share Views on Economic Conditions, Hiring Plans and Offshoring. By TEC International. (TEC, San Diego, California) March 8, 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.teconline.com/www/press/pdfs/tecindex_2004_q1.pdf

["A survey by San Diego's TEC International -– a training organization for chief executives –- shows that the offshore trend is continuing. Twenty percent of the 1,100 chief executives polled plan to move some operations offshore within the next 12 months. More (nationwide) than 40 percent of the CEOs interviewed in California plan to shift work offshore." San Diego Union Tribune (March 14, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1505]

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"Looking Offshore: Series." By Carrie Kirby and others. IN: San Francisco Chronicle (March 7, 2004) A1+

[Includes: "Offshoring Target: Bay Area;" "Workers Devastated by Job Losses;" "Issue Debated on Campaign Trail;" "Analysis: Economic Arguments;" "China: Giving India Competition;" "VC Firms Push for Outsourcing;" "Executives Speak Out;" "Jobs That Won't Go Overseas;" "Factories, Burgers and Jobs;" "Chalk Offshoring Up to Economic Progress;" and others.]

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U.S. ECONOMY

U.S. Monetary Policy: An Introduction. Edited by Judith Goff, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. And Precautionary Policies. By Carl E. Walsh, University of California, Santa Cruz. FRBSF Economic Letter. Nos. 2004-01, 02, 03, 04, 05. (The Bank, San Francisco, California) January 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "How is the Fed Structured and What Are its Policy Tools?;" "What are the Goals of the U.S. Monetary Policy;" and "How Does the Fed Decide the Appropriate Setting for the Policy Instrument." "The research literature in economics has explored the task of decision making under uncertainty and has developed theories about 'precautionary' policies and 'robust' policies."]

[Request #S1507]

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EDUCATION

CHARTER SCHOOLS

The Charter School Debate: A National Study Examines Whether Schools are being Held Accountable. By Bryan C. Hassel, Public Impact. (The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC) February 18, 2004. 59 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/dybdocroot/comm/events/20040218.pdf

["Brookings panel of experts gathered to discuss charter school accountability and whether current accountability standards are sufficient to make accurate, merit-based decisions. The author called the outlook 'both half-full and half-empty.'"]

[Request #S1508]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

The State of Preschool: 2003 State Preschool Yearbook. By W. Steven Barnett, National Institute for Early Education Research, Rutgers University, and others. (The Institute, Rutgers, New Jersey) February 16, 2004. 181 p.

Full Text at: nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/yearbook.pdf

["The report ranks all 50 states on quality of, resources for and access to state preschool programs for children in each state. The report identifies the states that provide no programs for these children. The report addresses the academic, law enforcement and economic consequences of failing to invest in quality preschool and calls for greater state and federal investments."]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

A Study of the Economic Impact of the University of California, Davis, Fiscal Year 2001-2002. By the Sedway Group. Prepared for the University of California, Davis. (The University, Davis, California) 2004. 94 p.

Full Text at: www.news.ucdavis.edu/economic_impact/downloads/ucdavis_economic_impact.pdf

["Economic consultants found the campus -- one of 10 in the UC system -- generated somewhere between $2.7 billion and $3.4 billion in the state in 2001-02.... The UC Davis study found the university and its medical center to be the second-largest employer in the region behind state government, paying out more than $961 million in salaries and wages to its employees statewide." Sacramento Bee (March 5, 2004) A1.]

[Request #S1510]

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LATINOS

Fostering a Collaborative Vision of a One-Gigabit Ubiquitous Network for California's Latino Community: Latino Education Issues Task Force Workshop. By the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California. (The Corporation, Cypress, California) January 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.cenic.org/GB/pubs/latinowp.pdf

["Providing California’s technologically under-served Latino communities with next-generation broadband access will grow high-paying jobs and new wealth, according to a new report... This report describes the means to leapfrog over the current digital divide between minority and non-minority access to basic information technology by providing minority communities access to the near-instantaneous flow of information."]

[Request #S1511]

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SCHOOL FINANCE

Investing in Learning: School Funding Policies to Foster High Performance. By the Research and Policy Committee, Committee for Economic Development. (The Committee, Washington, DC) 2004. 72 p.

Full Text at: www.ced.org/docs/report/report_educfinance.pdf

["Every year the United States spends over $400 billion on its public elementary and secondary schools.... Yet those financial resources are not managed in ways that encourage and reinforce efforts to improve educational outcomes. As a result, the massive American investment in its schools is not yielding the high level of student achievement that it should. This report presents findings and recommendations on public school financial reform."]

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SCHOOL GOVERNANCE

Who Helps Public Schools? A Portrait of Local Education Funds, 1991-2001. By Linda M. Lampkin and David D. Stern, Urban Institute. (The Institute, New York, New York) 2003. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410915_PENReport.pdf

["Educational support organizations ... formed by groups of citizens ... bring together diverse stakeholders ... work with school districts and communities to improve educational outcomes. Local education funds (LEFs) are nonprofit organizations that advocate for involvement by all segments of the public in public education." Public Education Network Newsletter (January 23, 2004) 2.]

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SECONDARY EDUCATION

Who Graduates? Who Doesn’t? A Statistical Portrait of Public High School Graduation, Class of 2001. By Christopher B. Swanson, Education Policy Center, Urban Institute. (The Institute, New York, New York) February 2004. 101 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/410934_WhoGraduates.pdf

["Of all students who entered ninth grade four years ago, only 68 percent are expected to graduate with regular diplomas this year. The rates for minorities are considerably lower -- 50 percent for blacks, 51 percent for Native Americans and 53 percent for Hispanics.... Christopher Swanson said that many dropouts go uncounted and that his 'cumulative promotion index,' which considers the number of students enrolled each year and the number who receive diplomas after four years, is more authentic." Washington Post (February 26, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1514]

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EMPLOYMENT

UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

SUTA Dumping: State Unemployment Tax Avoidance. By Gerri Madrid-Davis. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 16. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2004. 2 p.

["A troubling trend toward tax avoidance has emerged in recent years.... This and similar practices have come to be known as state unemployment tax avoidance (SUTA) dumping. To halt these efforts, states have passed laws prohibiting employers from transferring workers to subsidiaries or affiliates that have lower unemployment experience ratings and, therefore, lower insurance taxes."]

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WORK FORCE DEVELOPMENT

Private Employers and Public Benefits: Engaging Employers in Workforce Development. By Geri Scott, Jobs for the Future. Prepared for Workforce Innovation Network.(Jobs for the Future, Boston, Massachusetts) February 23, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.jff.org/jff/PDFDocuments/Privateemployers.pdf

["Many low-income workers fail to take advantage of such benefits as tax credits, food stamps, medical insurance, and housing subsidies, among others. One strategy for improving access to and the use of these benefits is to provide them through employers. This report looks at the value of this strategy and examines employers' experiences with public benefit programs, including those aimed directly at increasing the hiring and retention of workers from low-income families." Moving Ideas (March 2, 2004) online.]

[Request #S1516]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

COASTAL RESOURCES

Gaviota Coast Feasibility Study and Environmental Assessment. By the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. (The Service, Oakland, California) February 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.nps.gov/pwro/gaviota/finalreport.htm

["The National Park Service abandoned a Clinton-era proposal to designate the Gaviota Coast north of Santa Barbara a national seashore, saying that though the land is a national treasure, protection is unfeasible largely because of opposition from local property owners.... Although the study was completed by park service staff in California, the final decision was made in Washington by members of an administration that has repeatedly said it favors private stewardship of land over public ownership." Los Angeles Times (March 10, B1.]

[Request #S1517]

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DRINKING WATER

"Second Thoughts on a Chemical: In Water, How Much Is Too Much?" By Jennifer Lee. IN: The New York Times (March 2, 2004) p. F1.

["The Defense Department and the Environmental Protection Agency have squared off in a continuing dispute over the danger from perchlorate, a widespread contaminant of groundwater.... The Pentagon and the industry say the environmental agency is being overly conservative by not looking at the relevant physiological effects, but instead at a precursor change in the human body. Scientists at the agency say they are considering the most sensitive populations, including fetuses."]

[Request #S1518]

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HABITAT PROTECTION

"Houses and Habitats: Today's Sanctuary a Sliver of Original 18,000-Acre Goal: Special Report." By Audrey Cooper. IN: Stockton Record (February 22, 2004) p.A1, A10-A11.

["The refuge faces the same obstacles today that almost killed it a decade ago: farmers who vehemently distrust the federal government; a lack of enthusiastic support from politicians with the power to fund a refuge expansion; and an ever-intruding line of tract homes from booming Elk Grove."]

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LAND USE

Compensating Landowners for Conserving Agricultural Land: Papers from a California Conference. Edited by Nora De Cuir and others. (University of California Agricultural Issues Center, Davis, California) December 2003. 262 p.

Full Text at: aic.ucdavis.edu/research1/Conserv.ag.pdf

["Currently about 50,000 acres of California farmland are converted to urban uses every year; almost 600,000 acres were converted in the 12-year 1988-2000 period. As proportion of the state's total of 27 million acres of privately owned agricultural land, the conversion rate seems low -- a little less than two-tenths of one percent annually, or about 2.2 percent over the recent 12-year period.... These papers concentrate on compensatory programs and techniques that pay agricultural landowners, in cash and /or with tax credits, for foregoing development or otherwise engaging in conservation practices on their farmland."]

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WATER QUALITY

The Continuing Concern over Phosphorous. By John Helland, Legislative Analyst, Research Department, Minnesota House of Representatives. Information Brief. (The Department, St. Paul, Minnesota) February 2004. 9 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.house.leg.state.mn.us/hrd/pubs/phosph.pdf

["This information brief describes the phosphorus problem, actions by the 2003 Legislature to address it, recent efforts to reduce the amount of phosphorus in the state, methods to reduce phosphorus, and what other states are doing. Appendices list tips and best management practice for reducing and preventing phosphorus in surface and wastewater."]

[Request #S1521]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

FEDERAL BUDGET

FY 2001 SCHIP Redistributions and Retentions. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-05. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 4, 2004. 7 p.

["States have three years to use federal allocations for the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). P.L. 108-74 ... created a new system whereby half of unused funds are retained by the states originally receiving them and the balance is redistributed to states spending more than their allocations. This system applies to the redistribution and retention of federal fiscal years (FY) 2000-2001 allocations, but not to the availability of funds thereafter."]

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President Proposes to Reduce Medicaid Administrative Payments. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-04. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 24, 2004. 4 p.

["The president's fiscal year 2005 budget includes two proposals to reduce Medicaid administrative payments to states. The first proposal repeats previous recommendations for a one-time reduction in Medicaid administrative costs to reflect the share assumed in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant (known as 'cost allocation'). The second proposal reduces the enhanced federal matching rate for information and claims management systems from 90% to 75%. This Issues Brief summarizes the proposals and estimates the impact of the proposal changes on states."]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant. 04-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 20, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes : “ Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program;” ” Research Infrastructure In Minority Institutions;” “Research on Rural Mental Health and Drug Abuse Disorders;” “Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions;” and others.]

[Request #S1524]

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GOVERNMENT AUDITS

Implementation of State Auditor's Recommendations: Audits Released in January 2002 Through December 2003: Special Report to Assembly and Senate Standing/Policy Committees. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. Report No. 2004-406. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 490 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/bsa/pdfs/2004-406.pdf

["This special report summarizes audits and investigations issued during the previous two years. The report includes the major findings and recommendations, along with the corrective actions auditees reportedly have taken to implement our recommendations. This special report also includes an appendix that compiles recommendations that warrant legislative consideration and an appendix that summarizes monetary benefits auditees could realize if they implement our recommendations."]

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GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

Appointed Policy Makers in State Government. Five-Year Trend Analysis: Gender, Race and Ethnicity. By the Center for Women in Government & Civil Society, University at Albany, State University of New York. (The Center, Albany, New York) Winter 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.cwig.albany.edu/

["After making gains in the ranks of state-level policy-makers, the percentage of women holding such positions fell in the past two years. In 1999 women held 29.8 percent of leadership posts appointed by governors. That number rose to 35 percent in 2001, but then dropped to 32 percent two years later. California ranked 24th, with 32.4 percent and Texas was 28th, with 30.9 percent." Associated Press (February 19, 2004) 1.]

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"Public Payroll Soars: Salaries Move Far Ahead of Inflation." By Troy Anderson. IN: Los Angeles Daily News (March 13, 2004) A1.

["The study showed that spending for public employees' salaries and benefits at the state and local levels increased overall at more than twice the rate of inflation and grew faster than the per capita income of average Californians. The cost of pensions was excluded from the analysis because of the wide disparity between different levels of government."]

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PERFORMANCE MEASURES

The California Performance Review: Creating the First 21st Century Government in America. By the Office of the Governor. (The Office, Sacramento, California) February 10, 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: cpr.ca.gov/about/#top

["The ultimate goal of the California Performance Review is to restructure, reorganize and reform state government to make it more responsive to the needs of its citizens and business community. Only by demonstrating through concrete action the responsiveness of state government can the public's trust and confidence be regained."]

[Request #S1528]

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PROPERTY TAXES

"Does Tax Increment Financing Raise Urban Industrial Property Values?" By Rachel Weber and others. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 31, no. 7 (February 16, 2004) pp. 543-557.

["This report studies the impact of tax increment financing (TIF) on the value of industrial properties in the City of Chicago. After reviewing the existing empirical literature, it provides background on the market for industrial real estate in Chicago. In subsequent sections, an empirical analysis is presented, comparing the value of industrial parcels in TIF districts with that of similar industrial parcels that are not in TIF districts."]

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PUBLIC OPINION

Californians and their Government: PPIC Statewide Survey. By Mark Baldassare, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 2004. 27 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/S_204MBS.pdf

["The Growing Polarization of California: Since the last presidential election, the views of Republicans and Democrats have experienced the political equivalent of plate tectonics, moving in opposite and extreme directions.... Today, the partisan gap between those who believe that stricter environmental laws are worth the cost has grown to 29 points (Democrats 71%; Republicans: 42%, while the difference between parties over the view that government does not go far enough on gun control has stretched to 28 points (Democrats: 74%; Republicans: 46%)." Sacramento Bee (February 29, 2004) E1.]

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STATE TAXES

"Total State and Local Business Taxes: A 50-State Study of the Taxes Paid by Business in Fiscal 2003." By Robert Cline and others. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 31, no. 9 (March 1, 2004) pp. 737-750.

["Two recent studies published by the Council on State Taxation have documented the substantial state and local taxes paid to business nationally. This study presents a more detailed state-by-state analysis of total state and local business taxes, and finds that businesses paid over $400 billion in total state and local taxes in fiscal 2003. This was 43 percent of total taxes collected by all state and local governments in the United States."]

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"Sales Taxation of Services: An Economic Perspective." By Michele E. Hendrix and George R. Zodrow, Rice University. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 31, no. 8 (February 23, 2004) pp. 641 - 651.

["This report discusses the possibility of Florida's expansion of its sales tax base to include a wide variety of services. The report then goes on to discuss potential approaches to reforming the existing system."]

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HEALTH

HEALTH CARE FINANCE

"Health Spending Rebound Continues in 2002." By Katherine Levit and others, National Health Statistics Group, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 23, no. 1 (January/February 2004) pp. 147-159.

["Health Care Cost Pressure in Forecast: A federal report predicted new pressure on Congress and the White House to control hospital, drug and doctor bills. The report said that for millions of working Americans, the out-of-pocket costs for medical care would rise faster than paychecks during the next ten years.... The U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services projected that annual health care spending, now at $1.8 trillion, will increase to $3.4 trillion by 2013, or 18.4 percent of gross domestic product." Sacramento Bee (February 12, 2004) D1.]

[Request #S1533]

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MEDI-CAL

Medi-Cal Program. By Agnes Lee, California Budget Project. Budget Backgrounders: Making Dollars Make Sense. (The Project, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0402medical.pdf

["The Governor's budget proposals could harm beneficiaries' access to services and quality care and would result in the loss of federal funds. These proposals include obtaining a federal waiver to implement cost-saving measures and reducing payments to certain Medi-Cal providers by 10 percent. However, a federal court has blocked the state from implementing a 5 percent provider payment reduction that was scheduled to go into effect January 1, 2004."]

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MEDICARE

Selected Survey Findings on the Medicare Prescription Drug Law. By the Kaiser Family Foundation. (The Foundation, Menlo Park, California) February 2004.

["The complex law, which gives private insurance companies billions of dollars to lure beneficiaries away from fee-for-service Medicare and into managed care, will require more than 40 million seniors and disabled persons to make difficult choices about their healthcare.... Just 15% of seniors said they understood the law 'very well,' while another 24% said they understood it 'somewhat well.' But 60% said they understood the law 'not too well' or 'not well at all.'" Los Angeles Times (February 27, 2004) A1.]

Survey Toplines. 13 p.:
http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=32224

Chartpack. 13 p.:
http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=32220

News Release. 3 p.:
http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/pomr022604nr.cfm

Long Term Health Policy Implications. 5 p.:
http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=32283

[Request #S1535]

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SMOKING

Tobacco Explained ... The Truth About the Tobacco Industry ... in its Own Words. By Clive Bates and Andy Rowell, Action on Smoking and Health, World Health Organization. WHO Tobacco Control. Paper 4. (Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco) February 26, 2004. 84 p.

Full Text at: repositories.cdlib.org/context/tc/article/1104/type/pdf/viewcontent/

["Thousands of internal tobacco industry documents released through litigation and whistleblowers reveal the most astonishing systematic corporate deceit of all time. What follows is a survey of the documents, 1,200 relevant and revealing quotes grouped under common themes.... It is now clear that the industry's stance on smoking and health is determined by lawyers and public relations concerns."]

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UNINSURED

Healthy Families Program. By Agnes Lee, California Budget Project. Budget Backgrounders: Making Dollars Make Sense. (The Project, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0402bbhealthyfam.pdf

["Through the Healthy Families Program, California has made gains in extending health coverage to uninsured children. However, some eligible children are not enrolled, and the Governor's budget proposal to cap enrollment would prevent thousands of children from receiving coverage."]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Multifamily Housing: More Accessible HUD Data Could Help Efforts to Preserve Housing for Low-Income Tenants. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-20. (The Office, Washington, DC) January 2004. 49 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d0420.pdf

["To help state and local housing agencies track properties with maturing mortgages, we recommend that the Secretary of HUD solicit the views of state and local housing agencies to determine what information on HUD-subsidized properties is needed and the most effective format to convey this information."]

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HOUSING

In Short Supply? Cycles and Trends in California Housing. By Hans P. Johnson, Public Policy Institute of California, and Rosa Moller, California Research Bureau, and others. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) March 2004.

["California's housing shortage is primarily confined to Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego and the San Francisco Bay Area and may not be as intense as previously thought, according to a study....The state has an overall net shortage of 138,000 housing units.... But the situation varies sharply in different areas of the state. The Bay Area has a shortfall of 168,000 units, Los Angeles and Orange counties are short a combined 146,000 units, and San Diego needs an additional 87,000 units, the report said." Los Angeles Times (March 10, 2004) C2.]

Report. 123 p.:
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/R_304HJR.pdf

Research Brief. 2 p.:
http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/RB_304HJRB.pdf

[Request #S1539]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CALWORKS

CalWORKs: California's Welfare-To-Work Program. By Scott Graves, California Budget Project. Budget Backgrounders: Making Dollars Make Sense. (The Project, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0402calworks.pdf

["CalWORKs provides time-limited cash assistance for eligible low-income families, while helping recipients find jobs and overcome barriers to employment. The state's welfare caseload and expenditures have declined since the mid-1990s, although the caseload decline has slowed since 2000. The Governor's Proposed 2004-05 Budget contains major policy changes, including grant reductions and increased work requirements for CalWORKs recipients. In addition, Congress may adopt significant federal welfare policy changes in 2004 that would affect the CalWORKs program."]

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FOOD STAMPS

Food Stamps. By America's Second Harvest. Issue Brief. No. 5. (The Harvest, Chicago, Illinois) 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.secondharvest.org/more_files/issue_foodstamps.pdf

["Over the last thirty years, food stamps have become a crucial food and income support for the neediest Americans and the lifeline for millions of low-income children who might otherwise go hungry. Despite the program's benefits, however, only 59% of all eligible Americans partcipated in the Food Stamp Program last year." Moving Ideas (March 2, 2004. online.]

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HOME VISITING

In-Home Supportive Services Program. By Agnes Lee, California Budget Project. Budget Backgrounders: Making Dollars Make Sense. (The Project, Sacramento, California) February 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2004/0402inhomservices.pdf

["The In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) Program, provides services to low-income blind, disabled, or elderly individuals who live in their own homes to help prevent more costly out-of-home care. The Governor's budget proposals could severely impact the ability of individuals to remain safely in their own homes."]

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TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES

Proposed TANF Extension Would Pressure States to Cut TANF Caseloads and Place States at Risk of Penalties. By Mark Greenberg and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 5, 2004. 11 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1078428230.84/HR3848.pdf

["The Center on Law and Social Policy says the proposed TANF changes would leave most states facing funding shortfalls by 2006. To compensate, states can cut caseloads or increase work participation -- but if the Senate's proposed spending limits are approved in the final budget resolution, states will have no new funds to offer work supports like child care to welfare-to-work families." Connect for Kids (March 8, 2004) online.]

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TRANSPORTATION

CALIFORNIA

2003 Annual Report to the California Legislature. By the California Transportation Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) December 2003. 123 p.

Full Text at: www.catc.ca.gov/reports/Annual%20Report%20Final%202003.pdf

["The California Transportation Commission, in a report to the Legislature, is calling for fundamental financial reform of the state's transportation funding. It says the situation is as bleak as it has ever been, and likely to get worse.... CTC officials contend local governments need to be assured a steady and reliable stream of funds that the Governor and Legislature can't tap when the General Fund needs help." Sacramento Bee (January 20, 2004) A3.]

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HIGH-SPEED RAIL

Draft Program Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement (EIR/EIS) for the Proposed California High-Speed Train System: Summary. By the California High-Speed Rail Authority and the Federal Railroad Administration. (The Authority, Sacramento, California) January 2004. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.cahighspeedrail.ca.gov/eir/pdf/report/Summary_3-1-04.pdf

["In 2020, as many as 253 million people will travel between California cities and the cheapest, safest and least environmentally damaging way to get most of them around is on a new high-speed 'bullet train' system.... 'Cheap' is a relative term. As the rail authority prepared to release the environmental study, it adjusted the cost of the proposed 700-mile system up to $37 billion.... The environmental study found that the hypothetical alternative was even costlier." Oakland Tribune (January 28, 2004) 1.]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

ECONOMY

LABOR

International Labor Standards: Globalization, Trade and Public Policy. Edited by Robert J. Flanagan. (Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California) 2003. 300 p.

["The authors examine current standards and regulations, along with recent proposals to compel developing countries to adopt labor standards.... In addition, the book presents a complete description and appraisal of current voluntary corporate codes of conduct and concludes with a detailed evaluation of the change in labor conditions in Mexico since the adoption of more open trade policies in 1986." NOTE: International Labor Standards ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

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EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION

America's Untapped Resource: Low-Income Students in Higher Education. By Richard D. Kahlenberg. (Century Foundation. Washington, DC) 2003. 199 p.

["A series of policy changes in federal and state governments, and at universities, have made it exceedingly difficult for students from low-income and working-class families to earn college degrees. In this book, a group of notable experts on higher education examine the substantial economic divide in higher education, discuss the ramifications of that divide, and offer specific recommendations for increasing both college access and success for economically-disadvantaged students." NOTE: America's Untapped Resource ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1547]

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EMPLOYMENT

WORKERS COMPENSATION

Adopting Medicare Fee Schedules: Considerations for the California Workers' Compensation Program. By Barbara O. Wynn, RAND Institute for Civil Justice. Prepared for the California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation Program. (RAND, Santa Monica, California) 2003. 145 p.

["The Commission proposes that the Official Medical Fee Schedule (OMFS) be linked to Medicare fee schedules for all services other than pharmaceutical services. This study examines areas that must be addressed if such a link were to occur, including policy issues arising from the differences between the OMFS and the Medicare fee schedules, modifications that are likely to be necessary to tailor the Medicare fee schedules to California's injured workers, and the implications of automatic annual updates to the schedules." NOTE: Adopting Medicare Fee Schedules ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1548]

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