Subject: Studies in the News 04-20 (March 25, 2004)

Studies in the News

California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1854 - "Most Chinese immigrants had entered California through the port of San Francisco. They developed a Chinese American community there, and made an effort to participate in the political and cultural life of the city..... They retained their Chinese citizenship, since they were not allowed to become citizens of the United States. They could not vote, hold public office, or be employed by the State..... Two Chinese-language newspapers began publishing in 1854. "    

1854 - "Since 1850, the California Legislature taxed all foreign miners 20 dollars a month. Although stated in general terms, it was enforced chiefly against Mexicans and Chinese. Despite hostility and discrimination, Chinese continued to immigrate to California to avail themselves of whatever opportunities awaited them here. When they were prevented from mining gold in the mining districts (starting in 1852), they became merchants, laborers, laundrymen, or sought employment elsewhere.... In later years public-spirited Chinese Americans who accumulated money in excess of their needs often sent money back to China to build schools and hospitals."    

Contents This Week

   Freedom of access to clinic and church entrances
   Identity theft
   Prolonged confinement of youth
   Aiding offender re-entry
   Conflicting data on three strikes law
   New Indian Affairs Department in New Mexico
   State-Tribal Relations
   Oregon legal opinion on same-sex marriages
   California Supreme Court rules on same-sex marriages
   Public libraries and the digital divide
   Private parties can sue under Proposition 103
   India and the computing revolution
   Microenterprise development
   Importance of an arts-rich education
   Policymaker's primer on education research
   Economic impact of U.C. Davis
   Decline of California schools
   Reading highlights
   Merit scholarships
   Mexican-born workers risk dying in the U.S.
   Views on power deregulation
   Energy research plan
   Liability reform for brownfields
   Island fox listed as endangered
   Healthy forests
   Report on 2003 wildfires
   Tribes must disclose campaign contributions
   Court strikes bond financing of religious schools
   Fundraising disclosure for lobbyists and officials
   Competitive grant update
   Meaningful improvements in e-government
   States' budget updates
   State revenue and cash flow
   Congressional intervention in state taxation
   Steps to healthier Californians
   Workers' views on mandated health insurance
   Forging a universal health care consensus
   Diagnosing and reporting lyme disease
   State monitoring of prescription drugs
   State suicide prevention plans
   Best practices in child welfare
   Funding cuts for low-income families
   Foster care and federal funding
   Trends in income and poverty
   TANF and long-term training
   Welfare reform on tribal lands
   Statistical data on older drivers
   Added risks for older drivers
   Transportation agencies deal with budget cuts
   Social identities on the borderlands
   College admissions and affirmative action
   Increased obesity rates and disability trends
   Physicians finding ways to make more money
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:



The California Freedom of Access to Clinic And Church Entrances (FACE) Act. By Gregory deGiere. IN: Prosecutor's Brief, vol. 26, no. 2 (2004) pp. 39-47.

["The California Freedom of Access to Clinic and Church Entrances Act ... gives prosecutors strong criminal and civil tools to protect persons and property under a wide variety of circumstances."]

[Request #S1625]

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Social Security Numbers. By Heather Morton, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 11. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 2 p.

["With dramatic increases in identity theft, concerns about SSN availability have risen.... Studies have shown that identity thieves tend to use valid SSNs to commit crimes. In an effort to combat them, state legislators are introducing legislation to limit the availability of SSNs.... A majority of legislatures introduced SSN legislation in 2003."]

[Request #S1574]

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People v. Howard N. California Court of Appeals, Fifth Appellate District. F043006. February 19, 2004. 13 p.

Full Text at:

["A state law allowing juvenile authorities to keep mentally ill, dangerous youths in custody after their sentences end was declared unconstitutional. The 31-year-old law, which officials say is used no more than a few dozen times a year, is similar to the state's sexually violent predator law, which prolongs the confinement of some mentally ill sex criminals. But the court said the juvenile law was too broad and violated standards that courts have recently set for sex predator laws." San Francisco Chronicle (February 20, 2004) A9.]

[Request #S1575]

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Get Out and Stay Out -- Aiding Offender Re-entry. By Blake Harrison, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 15. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2004. 2 p.

["More than 1.2 million people were incarcerated in state prisons at the end of 2002. It is estimated that 595,000 offenders were released that year, a 46 percent increase since 1990. These numbers raise concern that many will commit new crimes and return to prison.... Correctional industry programs provide offenders with job training and help offenders successfully re-enter the community."]

[Request #S1576]

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Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California's Three Strikes. By Scott Ehles and others. Justice Policy Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) March 2004. 34 p.

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["In a study ... the Justice Policy Institute concludes the law has been an $8.1 billion failure, succeeding only in lengthening the prison terms of a disproportionate number of drug addicts.... The truth remains elusive, despite reams of research based on various crime data, which conclude variously that the law either does or doesn't work." Sacramento Bee (March 11, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1577]

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Indian Affairs Department Act. Sponsored by James Roger Madalena, New Mexico Legislature (The Legislature, Sante Fe, New Mexico) February 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

[Includes: "House Appropriations & Finance Committee Report;" "House Government & Urban Affairs Committee Report;" "Senate Finance Committee Report;" "Fiscal Impact Report;" and "Final Version."]

[Request #S1578]

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New Mexico Legislature Creates Cabinet-Level Indian Affairs Department. State-Tribal Relations Update. By the National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Washington, DC) March 2004. 1 p.

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["The legislation signed by the (New Mexico) Governor in March will establish a Secretary of Indian Affairs position in the Governor's cabinet.... The department will be comprised of an administrative division and program service division and will be the coordinating agency for intergovernmental and interagency programs that deal with tribal issues in the state."]

[Request #S1579]

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Legal Opinion on Same-Sex Marriages in Oregon. By Hardy Myers, Attorney General, Oregon Department of Justice (The Department, Salem, Oregon) March 12, 2004. 11 p.

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["The legal issues that arise for the State of Oregon are whether state statutes prohibit the issuance of marrige licenses to same-sex couples, and, if so, whether the denial of that privilege to same-sex couples violates the Oregon Constitution."]

[Request #S1580]

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California Supreme Court Takes Action in Same-Sex Marriage Cases. Release Number 15. And Bill Lockyer, Attorney General of the State of California v. City & County of San Francisco et al. S122923. And Barbara Lewis et al. v. Nancy Alfaro as County Clerk. S122865. California Supreme Court. March 11, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

["The state high court told San Francisco to obey California marriage laws 'without regard to respondent's personal view of the constitutionality of such provisions,' until the court makes a final ruling, probably this summer.... City Attorney Dennis Herrera announced ... his office had sued the state -- challenging the constitutionality of the family code statutes -- within an hour of the high court orders." Los Angeles Times (March 12, 2004) BA1.]

[Request #S1581]

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Toward Equality of Access: The Role of Public Libraries in Addressing the Digital Divide. By the American Library Association and others. Sponsored by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. (The Foundation, Seattle, Washington) February 2004. 36 p.

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["Ninety-five percent of public libraries in the United States offer free access to computers and the Internet, often providing the only Internet access for residents of the nation's poorest areas. This report evaluates the importance of these library-based computers in addressing the digital divide."]

[Request #S1582]

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Sam Donabedian v. Mercury Insurance Company. California Court of Appeals, Second Appellate District. B159982. March 11, 2004. 29 p.

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["The landmark Proposition 103 insurance initiative gives consumers a right to go to court to challenge allegedly illegal rates charged by insurers, a state appeals court ruled. The decision overturned a lower court ruling that gave regulators at the state Department of Insurance exclusive jurisdiction in ratings grievances filed by motorists." Los Angeles Times (March 12, 2004) C2.]

[Request #S1583]

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"The New Face of the Silicon Age: How India Became the Capital of the Computing Revolution." By Daniel H. Pink. "The Indian Machine." By Chris Anderson. And "The Outsourcer." By Josh McHugh. IN: Wired Magazine, issue 12.02 (February 2004) pp. 1-11.

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["This is a story ... about two countries and one profession -- and how weirdly upside down the future has begun to look from opposite sides of the globe. It's about code and the people who write it. But it's also about free markets, new policies, and ancient wisdom.... U.S. companies are expected to ship more than 20,000 service jobs to countries like India every year for the foreseeable future."]

[Request #S1584]

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Microenterprise Development. By Ian Pulsipher, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 17. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2004. 2 p.

["Microentrepreneurs have various degrees of business success and failure. Microenterprise development is not a panacea for every employment, welfare and community development problem that states face. It can be, however, an effective tool that states can use to address these topics among an identifiable, highly motivated group of citizens: those interested in achieving economic self-sufficiency through running a microenterprise."]

[Request #S1585]

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An Arts-Rich Education Helps Prepare Students for a Changing World. By the Education Commission of the States. The Progress of Education Reform. Vol. 5, No. 1. (The Commission, Denver, Colorado) January 2004. 4 p.

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["A growing body of evidence points to the important role of arts education in improving student achievement, offering positive alternatives to troubled youth, developing America's creative industries and building a workforce capable of competing in an increasingly knowledge-based economy."]

[Request #S1586]

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A Policymaker's Primer on Education Research: How to Understand, Evaluate, and Use It. By Patricia A. Lauer, Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL). (McREL, Aurora, Colorado, and Education Commission of the States, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at:

["This interactive, online document helps answer three questions: 1) What does the research say? 2) Is the research trustworthy? and, 3) How can the research be used to guide policy? It features a flowchart and other tools to guide users through an assessment of research studies. There's a special 'Understanding Statistics Tutorial' and another tutorial on searching a (research) database."]

[Request #S1587]

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A Study of the Economic Impact of the University of California, Davis. By Sedway Group. Prepared for University of California, Davis. (Sedway Group, San Francisco, California) 2004. 94 p.

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["The University of California, Davis, and its health system pump more than $2 billion a year into the state and regional economies, a figure that officials hope will convince politicians that deeper cuts to the higher education budget will damage more than the campus and classrooms. It's the first time UC Davis has done a comprehensive report about its economic impact." Sacramento Bee (March 5, 2004) B1.]

[Request #S1588]

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First to Worst: The Merrow Report: Program Transcripts. By Learning Matters. (Learning Matters, New York, New York) 2004. 30 p.

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["A PBS documentary about California schools ... described the decline from the '50s and '60s, when the Golden State's schools were 'the cutting edge of the American Dream,' to the present.... The decline of California education comes not from one cause -- not just from Prop 13 -- but from many independent decisions, often well-intentioned but collectively disastrous" Sacramento Bee (March 14, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1589]

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The Nation's Report Card: Reading Highlights 2003: Average Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Reading Scores Show Little Change. By the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. NCES 2004-452. (The Center, Jessup, Maryland) 2004. 36 p.

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["No significant change was detected between 2002 and 2003 in the average score for fourth-graders. The average fourth-grade score in 2003 was not found to differ significantly from that in 1992. For eighth-graders, the average reading score decreased by 1 point between 2002 and 2003; however, the score in 2003 was higher than than in 1992."]

[Request #S1590]

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Can Merit Scholarships Survive? By Christine Walton, National Conference of State Legislatures. State Legislative Report. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2004. 12 p.

["Originally, merit scholarships were given only to the very top students of a graduating class. HOPE Scholarships redefined this concept and have been called a new breed of merit aid. Awards are given to a much broader population ... and provide the full cost of tuition to any resident students with a B average.... Many states -- including Florida, Louisiana, Kentucky, Michigan and New Mexico -- began implementing their own merit programs."]

[Request #S1591]

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"Mexican-Born Workers More Likely to Die on Job: Risky Work, Compliant Attitude and Language Barrier Contribute to the Trend, AP Study Shows." By Justin Pritchard. IN: Los Angeles Times (March 14, 2004) 1.]

["Mexican death rates are rising even as the U.S. workplace grows safer overall. In the mid-1990s, Mexicans were about 30% more likely to die than native-born workers; now they are about 80% more likely."]

[Request #S1592]

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A Core/Noncore Structure for Electricity in California. By the Division of Strategic Planning, California Public Utilities Commission. And Letter from PUC President Peevey: Moving Toward a Workable Electric Retail Market for Customers of California's Investor-Owned Utilities: A Study of the Core/Non-Core Option. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) March 15, 2004.

["California should wait until 2009 before it tries to experiment again with a partly deregulated electric market, and even then it should tread carefully to avoid repeating past mistakes, a state study advised the Legislature. The study by a planning arm of the state Public Utilities Commission was immediately repudiated by PUC President Michael Peevey, who called it 'overly timid' and 'a disappointment' in his cover letter to legislators." Sacramento Bee (March 16, 2004) A3.]

Report. 102 p.

Letter. 3 p.

[Request #S1593]

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Office of Science Strategic Plan. By the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. (The Office, Washington, DC) February 2004.

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["The Office of Science unveiled its Strategic Plan, which charts a course for science over the next two decades that promises dramatic increases in knowledge and scientific achievements. 'Major advances in science including new materials, advanced computational simulations and new ways to produce energy, underpin all of the Department of Energy's missions,' Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham said. 'They hold the promise of leapfrogging our current capabilities and keeping the United States in a leadership position in the international competition for new ideas and technologies.'" U.S. Newswire (February 12, 2003) 1.]

Report. 112 p.

Executive summary. 14 p

[Request #S1594]

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Liability Reform for Brownfields. By L. Cheryl Runyon and Larry Morandi, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 7. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 2 p.

["In an effort to eliminate federal Superfund liability for brownfields, owners and developers can spur site cleanup and redevelopment. The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act of 2001 gives liability protection to bonafide prospective purchasers, contiguous property owners and innocent landowners seeking to redevelop brownfields."]

[Request #S1595]

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"Listing the San Miguel Island Fox, Santa Rosa Island Fox, Santa Cruz Island Fox, and Santa Catalina Island Fox as Endangered: Final Rule." IN: Federal Register, vol. 69, no. 44 (March 5, 2004) pp. 10335-10353.

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["After years of campaigning by conservationists, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service officials have added to the federal endangered list four subspecies of wild foxes native to Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, San Miguel and Santa Catalina islands off the Ventura and Los Angeles county coasts. A little more than 300 wild foxes remain on the four islands.... But humans are not the problem. Golden eagles, which also make their home on the islands, have decimated the fox population, reducing their numbers by 95% over the last decade." Los Angeles Times (March 5, 2004) B1.]

[Request #S1596]

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Forest Health and "Healthy Forests." By Jennifer A.D. Smith, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 9. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 2 p.

["Severe prolonged drought, bark beetle infestations and more than 100 years of fire suppression have allowed forests to become perilously overgrown. Factor into the equation hot summer weather, lightning strikes and fierce winds -- the perfect storm. Catastrophic wildfires have ravaged the nation's forests, becoming increasingly more intense and destructive.... States have responded to the prolonged drought, the increase in wildland fires and insect infestations, and the proposed changes in national forest management regulations with forest management legislation."]

[Request #S1597]

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California Fire Siege 2003: The Story. By the U.S. Forest Service and the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. (The Department, Sacramento, California) 2004. Various pagings.

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["Failures to communicate. Failures to coordinate. Failures to evacuate. A long-awaited joint review by federal and state fire officials cites those lapses among the big problems that surfaced during the Cedar, Paradise and Otay firestorms in October." San Diego Union Tribune (March 4, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1598]

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Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians v. Fair Political Practices Commission. California Court of Appeals, Third Appellate District. C043716. March 3, 2004. 34 p.

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["California Indian tribes, among the state's largest campaign donors, must disclose their contributions publicly, despite their claim of legal immunity as sovereign nations, a state appellate court ruled.... The right to go to court and compel public filing of contributions 'is essential to secure the state's constitutional right to guarantee a republican form of government free of corruption,' wrote Justice Richard Sims. The ruling appears to be the first by any appellate court in the nation on the issue, which is likely to end up in the U.S. Supreme Court." San Francisco Chronicle (March 4, 2003) A19.]

[Request #S1599]

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California Statewide Communities Development Authority v. All Persons Interested in the Matter of the Validity of a Purchase Agreement. California Court of Appeals, Third Appellate District. C042944, C042947, C042948. March 9, 2004. 62 p.

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["Tax-exempt bond financing for construction at Christian schools violates a California constitutional ban on public support of religious institutions, says a state appellate court. The 2-1 ruling by the Court of Appeal in Sacramento drew a bristling dissent from Justice George Nicholson, who accused the majority of 'hostility toward religion.'" San Francisco Chronicle (March 11, 2004) B3.]

[Request #S1600]

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Los Angeles Municipal Lobbying Ordinance: Ordinance No. 175432: Repealed and Re-added Article 8 of Chapter IV of the Los Angeles Municipal Code. By the Los Angeles City Ethics Commission. (The Commission, Los Angeles, California) 2004. 22 p.

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["The Los Angeles City Ethics Commission implemented new disclosure rules in January that require lobbyists and contractors to disclose fundraising activities that benefit City officials and candidates. The new law requires lobbyists and contractors to make public when they raise at least $15,000 to benefit the elected councilmember they seek to influence, or $35,000 if the official holds a citywide office." Guardian (Winter 2004) 6.]

[Request #S1601]

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Competitive Grant Update. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Competitive Grant. 04-04. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 5, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Special Volunteer Program Homeland Security Initiative;" "Distance Learning and Telemedicine Loans and Grants;" "Technical Assistance to Implement Conservation Practices for Water Quality, Soil & Plant Health, Wildlife Habitat and other Natural Resource Enhancements;" and others.]

[Request #S1602]

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E-Government Satisfaction Index. By Larry Freed, ForeSee Results. (ForeSee Results, Ann Arbor, Michigan) March 15, 2004. 8 p.

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["Health and recruiting sites earn customer satisfaction scores that rival some of the better-performing e-business and e-commerce sites in the private sector. The latest findings also show some meaningful improvements in user satisfaction over the past six months and appear to be on a trajectory that portends even better performance in the future. The new report also reflects another encouraging fact about federal e-government: proactive efforts to make e-government more citizen-centric are growing."]

[Request #S1603]

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State Budget Update. By the Fiscal Affairs Program, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 38 p.

["State Budget Shortfalls Drop Dramatically According to New NCSL Budget Analysis; States Project $35 Billion-Plus Shortfalls: Most States expect to ride out the fiscal year with only one-tenth of the budget shortfalls they carried at this point last year and 30 states report they should end the year with a modest surplus, according to a 50-state fiscal survey." U.S. Newswire (February 19, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1604]

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Economic Update and Monthly Cash Report. By the California Department of Finance. Finance Bulletin (The Department, Sacramento, California) March 2004. 2 p.

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["For some time, California's employment picture has conflicted with other positive economic signs.... Recent revisions ... bring the employment picture more into line with other signs and indicate that labor market conditions may have improved during the latter half of 2003.... Preliminary General Fund agency cash for February 2004 was $252 million above the 2004-05 Governor's Budget forecast of $3.836 billion.... Year-to-date, revenues are $623 million lower than the $47.296 billion that was expected."]

[Request #S1605]

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"Congressional Intervention In State Taxation: A Normative Analysis of Three Proposals." By Charles E. McLure and Water Hellerstein. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 31, no. 9 (March 1, 2004) pp. 721-735.

["Congress is considering three significant pieces of proposed legislation affecting state taxation: a proposal to extend the Internet Tax Freedom Act; a proposal to allow states to require collection of taxes on remote sales ...; and a proposal to expand nexus restrictions on business activity taxes."]

[Request #S1606]

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Healthy People 2010: The Federal and State Response: Hearing. By the Assembly Select Committee on the Future of California's Health. State Capitol, Sacramento, California. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) January 15, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "What is Healthy People 2010?" "Healthy People: What Are its Goals;" "Data 2010;" "Healthier U.S. Gov;" "HHS Awards $13.7 Million to Support Community Programs to Prevent Diabetes, Asthma and Obesity;" And "Steps to a Healthier U.S.: Frequently Asked Questions Related to Application for Funding."]

[Request #S401]

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"Workers’ Perspectives On Mandated Employer Health Insurance: A New Law in California Brings Employer Mandates into the National Spotlight for the First Time in a Decade." By Claudia L. Schur and Marc L. Berk, NORC at the University of Chicago, and Jill M. Yegian, California HealthCare Foundation. IN: Health Affairs, (March 17, 2004) pp. 1-8.

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["Nearly half of Californians and half of Americans agree that the government should mandate (health insurance) coverage for all workers, according to this survey of 1,479 working-age adults. Other key findings include: about one-quarter of working-age adults expressed support for mandated coverage for some workers, and another 10 percent expressed support for an employer mandate for large employers only; support for a full employer mandate was stronger among minorities, the poor, the uninsured, and those with less education; and, members of those same groups were less likely to believe the mandate would adversely affect their own wages or employment status."]

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Crisis and Opportunity: Forging a Health Care Consensus. By Jerry Flanagan, The Foundation for Taxpayer and Consumer Rights. (The Foundation, Santa Monica, California) March 2004. 154 p.

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["Universal Coverage Backed, Report Finds Varied Reasons for High Cost: The report ... found that the participants favored some form of a system that offers health care coverage to all Californians.... Over the past two years, the foundation has conducted interviews and town hall sessions with those who have a stake in the health care industry, including small-business owners, hospital officials, physicians, patients and HMO representatives.... The report calls for legislative efforts to regulate the health care industry much like a utility." San Francisco Chronicle (March 4, 2004) B1.]

[Request #S1610]

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Lyme Disease: Issues in Diagnosis and Reporting: Hearing. Presented to Senate Health and Human Services Committee. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) February 25, 2004. Various pagings.

["Includes, "Lyme Disease Cases Reported in California;" "How Can We Prevent Lyme Disease," "Tick-borne Diseases in California," "Issues in Diagnosis and Treatment for Underserved and Rural Communities," and "Links Between Testing and Reporting from the Laboratory Perspective."]

[Request #S402]

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Prescription Drugs: State Monitoring Programs May Help to Reduce Illegal Diversion. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-524T. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2004. 15 p.

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["General Accounting Office found that the 15 state monitoring programs in place in 2002 differed in their objectives and operation. The programs were intended to facilitate the collection, analysis, and reporting of information about the prescribing, dispensing, and use of controlled substances.... GAO also found that state monitoring programs may have realized benefits in their efforts to reduce drug diversion. These included improving the timeliness of law enforcement and regulatory investigations."]

[Request #S1613]

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State Suicide Prevention Plans. By L. Jeanne Kaufmann, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 18. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) March 2004. 2 p.

["Suicide is the third leading cause of death behind accidents and homicide for young people. Twenty-five states have suicide prevention plans and some have started youth suicide prevention programs or established study committees or statewide plans to address the issue."]

[Request #S1614]

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Best Practices in Child Welfare Services and Foster Care: Informational Hearing. By the Assembly Committee on Human Services. (The Committee, Sacramento, California) March 16, 2004. Various pagings.

["The hearing showcased some of the inventive solutions they have created to address local problems and care for the children and families they serve. Among other successes, these programs have increased the number of scholarships available to former foster youth, linked services designed to support high-risk families, allowed social workers to set up shop on school campuses and made home purchase a reality for foster families."]

[Request #S403]

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Slamming the Door Shut on Opportunity for All Americans. By Jennifer Beeson and Deborah Weinstein, Coalition on Human Needs. (The Coalition, Washington, DC) March 2004. 40 p.

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["The Coalition on Human Needs' analysis of the FY2005 budget finds little help and considerable harm in store for low- and moderate-income families. In particular, inadequate funding levels for child abuse prevention, child care, job training and economic development are likely to force cuts. At the same time, the budget's tax proposals give each of the richest taxpayers just under $400,000 over the next four years, while the poorest will gain just $519." Connect for Kids (March 8, 2004) online.]

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The Foster Care Straitjacket: Innovation, Federal Financing and Accountability in State Foster Care Reform. By Jess McDonald and others, Fostering Results. Prepared for the Pew Charitable Trusts. (Fostering Results, Chicago, Illinois) March 2004. 14 p.

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["The Pew Commission outlines how current federal financing rules favor keeping children in foster care over providing services that can help keep them safely at home or support alternative permanent, stable arrangements for them. The report argues that some states that have received 'waivers' to use federal funds for purposes other than foster care have succeeded in reducing the number or length of stay of children in foster care by using federal funds to pay for these alternative services." Connect for Kids Weekly (March 15, 2004) 1.]

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Recent Trends in Income and Poverty. By Deborah Reed, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts: Population Trends and Profiles. Vol. 5, No. 3. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 2004. 16 p.

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["This edition examines recent trends in the distribution of family income in California, including comparisons to trends in earlier decades. Between 2000 and 2002, income declined for families at the bottom of the income distribution of family income.... Comparing income in 2002 with that of 1969 shows a pattern of decline for low-income families, some growth for middle-income families, and stronger growth for high-income families."]

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Why Congress Should Expand, Not Cut, Access to Long-Term Training in TANF. By Julie Strawn, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 2004. 3 p.

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["The best welfare-to-work programs -- those that help parents work more and increase their earnings over time -- include substantial access to education and training, employment support services, and an overall focus on work as the goal. The House Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare reauthorization flies in the face of this research, according to the Center for Law and Social Policy, by cutting the allowed training time from 12 to 3 months in any 24-month period. The Senate bill does not include these cuts." Connect for Kids. (March 15, 2004) 3 p.]

[Request #S1619]

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Welfare Reform on Tribal Lands, States and Tribes: Building New Traditions: Examples of State-Tribal Collaborations. By Andrea Wilkins, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 12 p.

["As tribal governments exercise their self-governing powers and take more control over program administration and the provision of services within their communities, there is an increasing need for policymakers to learn to interact with tribes as sovereign governments.... Tribes face unique challenges as they work to develop a program that will help families in their communities end their reliance on government assistance and become self-sufficient."]

[Request #S1620]

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Older Driver Involvement in Injury Crashes in Texas: 1975-1999. By Lindsay L. Griffin, Center for Transportation Safety, Texas Transportation Institute. (The Institute, College Station, Texas) February 2004. 80 p.

Full Text at:

["Drivers over 65 are more likely to get into crashes because of declining perception and motor skills, but the biggest risk is to themselves, not others on the highway, says a study based on nearly 4 million traffic accidents.... Often, older drivers are frail and can die from injuries that wouldn't be fatal to younger drivers, the report said." Sacramento Bee (February 19, 2004) A7.]

[Request #S1621]

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Older Drivers. By Melissa Savage, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 13. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) February 2004. 2 p.

["The safe travel of older drivers is an issue many states and organizations are researching.... States have turned to a variety of methods to address this traffic safety issue. Some have passed laws restricting the licensing process for older drivers. Other states rely on medical review or medical advisory boards to help determine the safety of older drivers."]

[Request #S1622]

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Transportation Agencies Meet Fiscal Challenges: The Transportation Research Board's 2003 Field Visit Program. By the Transportation Research Board. (The Board, Washington, DC) February 2004. 15 p.

Full Text at:

["The report describes the variety of ways state departments of transportation and other transportation agencies have dealt with budget problems beyond traditional reductions in staff and spending. TRB’s staff found that transportation agencies are developing and deploying innovative approaches to meeting today’s transportation needs."]

[Request #S1623]

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[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]



Mexicana Encounters: The Making of Social Identities on the Borderlands. By Rosa Linda Gregoso. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) December 2003. 246 p.

["[The book analyzes] the cultural practices and symbolic forms that shape social identities.... Among the subjects Gregoso considers are the recent murders and disappearances of women in Ciudad Juarez and transborder feminist texts that deal with private, domestic forms of violence." Publisher's Announcement.]

[Request #S1612]

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Affirmative Action: The Rulings on Admissions Policy at the University of Michigan, June 16, 2003 [Issue Theme.] IN: The Black Scholar, vol. 33, no. 3/4 (Fall/Winter 2003) pp. 1-72.

[Includes: "Affirmative Action and the Illusion of Racial Equality: 'Race Traitors or Fools?';" "The Language of Affirmative Action: History, Public Policy and Liberalism;" "The Affirmative Action Athlete Dilemma;" "The Attack on Affirmative Action: The 'Race Neutral' Excuse;" and others. NOTE: Affirmative Action ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S1624]

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"Increased Obesity Rates and Disability Trends." By Roland Sturm and others. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 23 no. 2 (March/April 2004) pp. 199-205.

["Numerous studies have documented that Americans have become increasingly obese.... This rise in obesity is particularly troubling given that obesity is associated with increased chronic physical illnessess and mortality.... Mortality and disability rates among the elderly have been declining.... It appears that the effects of obesity on disability so far have been dominated by other factors."]

[Request #S1611]

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"Financial Pressures Spur Physician Entrepreneurialism: Monetary Pressures are Motivating Physicians to Change their Practice Behavior in Ways that Could Negatively Affect Some Patients' Access to Basic Care." By Hoangmai H. Pham and others. IN: Health Affairs, vol. 23, no. 2 (March/April 2004) pp. 70-81.

["Doctors are aggressively searching for ways to make more money, according to the study.... Some are buying diagnostic equipment and offering patients tests in their offices instead of referring the patients to hospitals. Other doctors are opening ambulatory surgery centers and enrolling patients in clinical trials for pharmaceutical companies to collect more fees. Still others are resorting to charging extra for services like filling out school forms and 24-hour telephone access." Boston Globe (March 9, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S1626]

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