Subject: Studies in the News 04-35 (May 20, 2004)


First Five California Logo California State Library Logo

Studies in the News
Children and Family Supplement


Contents This Week

Introductory Material CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   History of California farmworkers
EDUCATION
   Early childhood curriculum
   Early care workforce in Alameda County
   Parenting toddlers and preschoolers
   Tool kit for community outreach
HEALTH
   Access to quality care and SCHIP
   Rising blood pressure in obese children
HUMAN SERVICES
   Child care and working mothers
   Parental therapy for infant mental health
   Behavioral research and methods
STUDIES TO COME
   Children with serious behavior problems
   Parent's language and children's health care
   AIDS and preschool/elementary teacher education.
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News (SITN) is a current compilation of policy-related items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau and State Information & Reference Center to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state employees and other interested individuals, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

IMMIGRANTS

Beasts of the Field: A Narrative History of California Farmworkers, 1769-1913. By Richard Steven Street. (Stanford University Press, Stanford, California) 2004. 904 p.

["Written by one of America’s preeminent labor historians, this book is the definitive account of ... the emergence of migratory farmworkers and the development of California agriculture... With its panoramic view spanning 144 years and moving from the US-Mexico border to Oregon, Beasts of the Field reveals diverse patterns of life and labor in the fields that varied among different crops, regions, time periods, and racial and ethic groups." NOTE: Beasts of the Field ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3019]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

From Basketball to the Beatles: In Search of Compelling Early Childhood Curriculum. By Ben Mardell. (Heinemann, Portsmouth, New Hampsire) 1999. 171 p.

["This guide provides both the big picture about work in early childhood classrooms -- the theory of teaching young children -- and the details of developing and implementing preschool curriculum. Each chapter describes a specific curriculum unit on topics ranging from squirrels to storytelling, astronomy to South Africa, and basketball to the Beatles. Each unit is followed by field-tested suggestions for exploring the topic, including art projects, movement activities, songs, group time activities, dramatic play props, stories, and field trips. There are also lists of resources at the end of each chapter to help implement the curriculum." NOTE: From Basketball ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S]

Return to the Table of Contents

Two Years in Early Care and Education: A Community Portrait of Quality and Workforce Stability, Alameda County, California. By Marcy Whitebook, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, U.C. Berkeley, and others. (The Center, Berkeley, California) April 2004.

["This study is the first to provide a comprehensive portrait of early care and education services in one community, followed prospectively over time, and including all three sectors of the industry: licensed center-based care, licensed family child care homes, and license-exempt home-based care. Knowing that children are entering kindergarten with different levels of readiness, we set out to examine the full variety of out-of-home settings where young children are educated and cared for prior to entering school."]

Executive Summary. 20 p.:
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/cscce/pdf/twoyears_exec.pdf

Full Report. 113 p.:
http://www.iir.berkeley.edu/cscce/pdf/twoyears_final.pdf

[Request #S3020]

Return to the Table of Contents

PARENTS

Common Sense Parenting of Toddlers and Preschoolers. By Bridget A. Barnes and Steven M. York. (Boys Town Press, Boys Town, Nebraska) 2001. 277 p.

["Crying in the checkout lane, squabbling with playmates over a new toy, or refusing to go to bed on time. Common Sense Parenting skills can help handle these day-to-day challenges you face with your young child. Included in this book is: how to set reasonable expectations based on your child's age, development, and abilities; how to give your child all the nurturing, love, and praise he or she needs to thrive; how to use a parent's version of 'show and tell' to both prevent problems and correct misbehavior; and how to create plans for staying calm for you and your child." NOTE: Common Sense Parenting ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3021]

Return to the Table of Contents

PUBLIC/PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

Community Outreach Video Tool Kit. By the Civic Engagement Project for Children & Families. (The Project, New York, New York) 2003. Videos and cassettes.

["Ideas for using this Community Outreach Video Tool Kit: 1) Inspire community members and volunteers; 2) help build partnerships with community organizations and community groups; 3) show examples of community leaders making a difference; 4) recruit volunteers, parents and community leaders; 5) orient new Commissioners and staff; 6) and facilitate community outreach." NOTE: Community Outreach Video ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3022]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

HEALTH INSURANCE

"Improved Access Quality of Care After Enrollment in the New York State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP.) By Peter G. Szilagy and others. IN: Pediatrics Electronic Pages, vol. 113, no. 5 (May 2004) pp. e395-e404.

["'New York State SCHIP was associated with significant improvements in access and quality of care,' state the authors of this article.... The authors found that 1) the proportion of children with a usual source of care increased from 86% to 97% after enrollment in SCHIP; 2) one year after enrollment, the proportion of children with an unmet health care need was substantially lower for most types of care; 3) visit rates for preventive services increased (74% to 82%) after enrollment in SCHIP; 4) the proportion of children who made all their outpatient visits increased from 40% to 77% after enrollment in SCHIP; and 5) major improvements were noted for all population subgroups after enrollment in SCHIP." MCH Alert (May 14, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3023]

Return to the Table of Contents

OBESITY

"Trends in Blood Pressure Among Children and Adolescents. By Paul Muntner, Tulane University, and others. IN: JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 291, no. 17 (May 5, 2004) pp. 2107-2113.

["Obesity in Children Paired with Rising Blood Pressure: The Trend May Put Them at Risk Later for Heart Attacks and Strokes, Experts Say: Researchers examined data from 5,582 children and adolescents.... 'What we're seeing is a shift in the whole blood pressure distribution in children,' said Paul Muntner ... 'We may be seeing an epidemic of hypertension in the future as these children become adults.'" Sacramento Bee (May 5, 2004) A11.]

[Request #S3024]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Working Moms and Child Care. By Heather Boushey and Joseph Wright, Center for Economic and Policy Research. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 5, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.cepr.net/publications/Childcare2004.pdf

["This report finds that access to safe and affordable child care is critical for working mothers. Mothers who have stable child care are more likely to stay employed and are able to focus on their jobs, knowing that their children are well-cared for while they are at work. [Overall findings are:] 1) child care, especially formal day care, which often provides more educational activities than other kinds of care, is expensive; 2) many families rely on informal child care arrangements; 3) child care assistance is critical for families struggling with the high cost of child care; and 4) lower income mothers face the greatest difficulties in securing adequate care." CEPR News (May 5, 2004).]

[Request #S3026]

Return to the Table of Contents

PARENTS

Treating Parent-Infant Relationship Problems: Strategies for Intervention. By Arnold J. Sameroff and others. (The Guilford Press, New York, New York) 2004. 304 p.

["When a mother or other caregiver is concerned about a problem with an infant, what can the clinician do? Crying, sleep, or feeding difficulties are par for the course with many babies, but some infants are harder to take care of that others. Some parents, moreover, are less able than others to cope with and respond to a very young child's needs. This book presents a range of therapies that address the connections between infant-caregiver relationships and infant mental health. Within a cutting-edge conceptual framework, leading experts describe ways to intervene in early interactional difficulties, promote more sensitive and responsive parenting, and support the healthy development of children and families." NOTE: Treating Parent-Infant ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S3027]

Return to the Table of Contents

RESEARCH

Beyond the Methodological Gold Standards of Behavioral Research: Considerations for Practice and Policy. By Robert B. McCall, University of Pittsburgh, and Beth L. Green, NPC Research Inc. Social Policy Report. Vol. 18, No. 2. (Society for Research in Child Development, Ann Arbor, Michigan) 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.srcd.org/spr18-2.pdf

["This paper identifies the benefits, common problems, and limitations in three characteristics of experimental studies: theory-driven hypotheses; random assignment of subjects to intervention groups; and experimenter-controlled, uniformly-applied interventions.... The field of program evaluation, and the policy decisions that rest on it, should utilize and value each research method relative to its merits, the purpose of the study, the specific questions to be asked, the circumstances under which the research is conducted, and the use to which the results will be put."]

[Request #S3028]

Return to the Table of Contents


STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EDUCATION

CLASSROOM DISCIPLINE

"Children with Severe Behavior Problems: A Survey of Texas Child Care Centers' Responses." IN: Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 31, no. 4 (June 2004) pp. 241-246.

["This article presents the findings of an exploratory study designed to look at the issue of removal of children from childcare due to behavior problems. A survey was sent to a random sample of nonresidential licensed day care centers (DCCs) in Texas. Results from the survey indicate that 50% of DCCs have removed a child from care due to behavior problems. In most cases, parents were left to figure out for themselves what to do with their children following their dismissal from care. This and other relationships found in the data are discussed as well as the need for future research in this area."]

[Request #S3029]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Parent's Language of Interview and Access to Care for Children with Special Health Care Needs." By Stella M. Yu and others. IN: Ambulatory Pediatrics, vol. 4, issue 2 (March/April 2004) pp. 181-187.

["This article examines the association between a parent's language of interview and access to care for children with special health care needs. These children with non-English-speaking parents were more likely to be from disadvantaged families, to have inadequate insurance and unmet needs, and to lack a usual source of care and family-centered care. It recommends that systems of care for children with special health care needs should consider the needs and challenges of families whose primary language is not English." News From Mathematica (May 18, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3030]

Return to the Table of Contents

"HIV/AIDS and the Teachers of Young Children." By Bridget Franks, University of Florida Gainesville, and others. IN: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 174, no. 3 (June 2004) pp. 229-241.

["More than half the children with HIV infection in the United States now live long enough to attend school. However, most studies of teachers' knowledge and attitudes about HIV in schools have not assessed content that is relevant to the needs of preschool or elementary-aged children with HIV or AIDS. We propose that content included in teachers' training and assessment should be specifically related to HIV/AIDS in young students, including transmission of HIV in the classroom, routes of HIV transmission in children, disease processes for children with HIV, effects of HIV on intellectual and emotional functioning, and safety procedures in the classroom. The assessment of attitudes will also be critical to the success of any training program, and we discuss issues that affect teachers' attitudes about having children with HIV or AIDS in their classrooms."]

[Request #S3031]

Return to the Table of Contents