Subject: Studies in the News 04-45 (June 30, 2004)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1854 - "A mail route was established in the early '1850's, during the wild gold excitement in California, between Sacramento and Salt Lake City. The first contract to transfer mail from the Missouri river to Salt Lake City was awarded in 1850 to Samuel H. Woodson, of Independence, Mo. It was a monthly service, by stage, and the price paid for it from July 1, 1850, to June 30, 1854, was $19,500 per year. It continued to grow, and afterwards became an important mail route to California. http://www.rootsweb.com/~neresour/OLLibrary/OLStage/olsp0001.htm"    

1854 - "On July 1, 1854, overland mail service was begun on a contract for carrying mail monthly, for four years, by W. M. F. McGraw, of Maryland, the price being $13,500 a year. McGraw, on taking possession, while so many were going overland to the Pacific, expected to make the route pay from passengers, at $180 to Salt Lake City and $300 to California, but could not do it, and failed in 1856. http://www.rootsweb.com/~neresour/OLLibrary/OLStage/olsp0001.htm"    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Prison changes recommended by Special Master
   Fight crime by investing in kids
   Comprehensive reform needed
   Juveniles in corrections
   Incarcerated people and the Census
DEMOGRAPHY
   Demographics of mortality in California
ECONOMY
   Growth of online banking
   Leading biotech clusters
   Gambling developments in the states
   Casinos, service taxes and principles
   Minority-owned business development
   Small business problems and priorities
EDUCATION
   Lack of college preparation
   High school curricula and achievement
   Restoring cuts to Title I funding
   State dual enrollment policies
EMPLOYMENT
   Latino labor report
   Court upholds living wage
ENERGY
   Attorney General sues Enron
   Geothermal energy
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Decision on pledge of allegiance
   FFIS competitive grant update
   Alternative minimum tax for individuals
   Ultimate burden of the tax cuts
   State and local government purchase of IT
   Costs and benefits of federal regulations
   State income tax burdens on low-income families
   State approves records for e-voting
HEALTH
   Racial disparities in nursing home care
   Attorney General sues over tuna labeling
   No damages allowed against HMOs
   Nursing homes in crisis
   Schools can help obesity problem
   Internet pharmacies' risks
   Physical activity and community design
   Smoking among high school students
HOUSING
   Affordable housing mandates backfire
   Bay Area median home prices
   Housing enjoying shrill boom
HUMAN SERVICES
   Effects of recent fiscal policies on children
   Trends in food stamp participation
   Proposed food stamp regulations
WASHINGTON READER
   California Institute's briefing on federal issues
STUDIES TO COME
   Biotech and life science clusters
   Developmental services for children
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • Items in the State Library collection can be checked out to state officials and staff.

  • Access to all materials listed will be provided by the State Information Reference Center, either by e-mail to cslsirc@library.ca.gov or by calling 654-0261.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CORRECTIONS

Alejandro Madrid, et al. v. Jeanne Woodford, et al. Special Master's Final Report Re: Department of Corrections Post Powers Investigations and Employee Discipline. By John Hagan. Prepared for the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. (Prison Law Office, San Quentin, California) June 2004. 148 p.

Full Text at: www.prisonlaw.com/pdfs/HagarReport.pdf

["In a report that could lead to criminal charges against two former high-ranking corrections officials, a federally appointed special master concludes the state has been unable to police its prisons, allowing guards accused of wrongdoing to dodge justice. The special master, John Hagar, also calls for changes to a controversial labor pact between the union and the state that he says makes internal affairs probes 'almost impossible.'" San Francisco Chronicle (June 25, 2004) 1.]

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CRIME PREVENTION

Caught in the Crossfire: Arresting Gang Violence by Investing in Kids. By William Christeson and Sanford Newman, Fight Crime: Invest in Kids. (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, Washington, DC) 2004. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.fightcrime.org/

["This publication brings together recent research that indicates gang homicides, across the country, have increased an alarming 50 percent since 1999.... Despite the increase in gang violence, Congress will be voting on a White House proposed 40 percent cut in federal juvenile justice and delinquency prevention funding, which supports anti-gang programs in communities across the country." Fightcrime.org (June 1, 2004) 1.]

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM

New Prison Figures Demonstrate Need for Comprehensive Reform. By the Sentencing Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) May 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.sentencingproject.org/pdfs/1044.pdf

["In an assessment of new inmate figures released by the Justice Department showing nearly 2.1 million Americans in prison or jail, this analysis finds that changes in sentencing policy, and not crime rates, have created these record numbers." Moving Ideas (June 1, 2004) 1.]

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JUVENILE OFFENDERS

Juveniles in Corrections. By Melissa Sickmund, Partnerships for Safer Communities, Office of Justice Programs. Juvenile Offenders and Victims National Report Series. NCJ 202885. (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2004. 24 p.

Full Text at: ojjdp.ncjrs.org/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=11641

["This bulletin presents the latest available national and state-level data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP). The biennial CJRP provides a detailed picture of juveniles in custody -- age, race, gender, offenses, adjudication status, and other information."]

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PRISONERS

Accuracy Counts: Incarcerated People and the Census. By Patricia Allard and Kirsten D. Levingston, the Brennan Center for Justice, NYU School of Law. Raising Voices: A Series. (The Center, New York, New York) 2004. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.brennancenter.org/programs/cj/RV4_AccuracyCounts.pdf

["This report examines the consequences of the Census Bureau's treatment of prisoners in combination with powerful trends in criminal justice policy, including 'tough on crime' legislation, rural prison siting and the return of hundreds of thousands of formerly incarcerated people to their urban communities." Moving Ideas News (June 9, 2004) 1.]

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DEMOGRAPHY

BABY BOOMERS

The Demographics of Mortality in California. By Hans P. Johnson and Joseph M. Hayes, Public Policy Institute of California. California Counts, Population Trends and Profiles. Vol. 5 No. 4. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) May 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/CC_504HJCC.pdf

["State's Boomers Are Living Longer, New Report Shows: Most boomers can count on living into their 70s, but 5 percent won't make it through their 50s as the nation's largest generation enters the last half of their lives. The oldest among the 78 million baby boomers born between 1946 and 1964 are starting to die in noticeable numbers, statistics and experience show." Sacramento Bee (June 19, 2004) B3.]

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ECONOMY

BANKING

comScore Analysis Reveals Usage of Online Banking and Bill Payment Have Grown Dramatically in the Past Year: Press Release. By comScore. (comScore Networkers, Reston, Virginia) June 17, 2004. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.comscore.com/press/release.asp?press=467

["Millions of Americans are doing their banking online, and their ranks are expected to grow rapidly in coming years as more e-services become available and Internet connections get faster. A study of online banking at the nation's 10 largest financial institutions found that 22 million consumers logged into their accounts in March, a nearly 30 percent increase from a year earlier." San Francisco Chronicle (June 17, 2004) C2.]

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BIOTECHNOLOGY

America's Biotech and Life Science Clusters: San Diego's Position and Economic Contributions. By Ross DeVol and others, the Milken Institute. (The Institute, Santa Monica, California) June 2004. 101 p.

Full Text at: www.milkeninstitute.org/pdf/biotech_clusters.pdf

["California's biotechnology industry ranks at the top of the nation by almost any measure, but most of the other states are spending substantial sums or granting sizable tax breaks in order to create biotech clusters of their own.... Six of the 12 top-rated areas are in California, headed by San Diego, which had the highest scores, followed by Boston and Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, N.C." San Jose Mercury News (June 8, 2004) A4.]

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GAMBLING

Gambling Developments in the States: 2004. By Ian Pulsipher and Mandy Rafool, National Conference of State Legislatures. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) May 25, 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/programs/econ/gamblingdev04.htm

["The [report] contains information on state gambling developments that have occurred during 2004. Both proposals for change to state gambling laws and actual changes are included.... Studies on the effects of gambling on communities and individuals continue to encourage those who oppose gambling expansion including lawmakers, private organizations and individual citizens."]

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GAMBLING INDUSTRY

"Betting on Ideology: Casinos, Service Taxes, and Principles." By Michael A. Pagano. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 32, no. 10 (June 7, 2004) pp. 799-801.

["States should allow and encourage local governments the authority to develop diverse revenue portfolios, which would ease local governments into and out of the pernicious effect of market cycles.... Specialized and narrow tax structures haven't been explored.... There might be a silver lining or two out there. Gambling taxation, for one."]

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MINORITY-OWNED BUSINESSES

Minority-owned Business Development. By Ian Pulsipher, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 28. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June/July 2004. 2 p.

["Minority-owned businesses are growing at more than six times the rate of all firms.... Among business development strategies, the most minority-specific -- and among the most controversial -- are programs designed to increase minority participation in government procurement.... If current trends in minority-owned business growth continue and they become a greater percentage of all U.S. firms, their viability also will be progressively more important to the continued growth and strength of the nation's economy."]

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SMALL BUSINESS

Small Business Problems and Priorities. By Bruce D. Phillips, National Federation of Independent Business Research Foundation. Prepared for the National Federation of Independent Business Research and Wells Fargo Bank. (The Federation, San Francisco, CA.) June 2004. 132 p.

["Insurance captured the top three spots on a list of problems facing U.S. small businesses....Health-care costs have occupied the top ranking since 1986, but this year, the number of respondents citing this issue as 'critical' spiked dramatically." Orange County Register (June 7, 2004) 1.]

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EDUCATION

ACCOUNTABILITY

Are California High Schools Ready for the 21st Century? By The Education Trust-West. (Trust-West, Oakland, California) 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/819B2A7C-C749-477E-A90A-13DFA120C382/0/EdTrustWest_ReportFINAL.pdf

["California's high schools are doing a poor job of graduating their students and preparing them for the demands of college, an education policy organization asserts.... Only 23% of students who were ninth-graders in 1999 completed all of the necessary college prep classes by graduation last year to gain admission the University of California and California State University systems." Los Angeles Times (June 3, 2004) 1.]

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CURRICULUM STANDARDS

The High School Transcript Study: A Decade of Change in Curricula and Achievement, 1990-2000. By Robert Perkins, Westat, and others. Prepared for the National Center for Education Statistics. NCES 2004455. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. 131 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004455.pdf

["This study surveys the curricula offered by schools and the patterns of coursework completed by students in the United States. The results show that the overall number of course credits and the number of core subject credits (in science, math, English and social studies) both increased moderately between 1990 and 2000.... The grade point average of graduating high school students increased 10 percent, to 2.94. Female students' average GPA (3.05) stood higher than that of males (2.83)." Youth Today (May 2004) 29.]

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EDUCATION FINANCE

Senators Move to Restore Cuts to Title I Education Funding. By The Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief. 04-16. (FFIS, Washington, DC) May 18, 2004. 2 p.

["The No Child Left Behind Act requires the U.S. Department of Education to annually allocate funding for Title l education grants, using the latest available Census data.... Despite an overall increase of $650 million, the allocation resulted in decreases in funding for 11 states and four territories."]

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HIGHER EDUCATION

State Dual Enrollment Policies: Addressing Access and Quality. By Melinda Mechur Karp and others, DTI Research Center. Prepared for the Office of Vocational and Adult Education, U.S. Department of Education (The Office, Washington, DC) 2004. 35 p.

Full Text at: www.tc.columbia.edu/~iee/ccrc/PAPERS/CBT_State_Dual_04.pdf

["This report examines state policies regulating dual enrollment or programs which allow high school students to take college-level classes and earn college credit while still in high school. It looks at the influence these policies may have on opening access to such programs to a wide range of students." Moving Ideas (June 1, 2004) online.]

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EMPLOYMENT

IMMIGRATION

Latino Labor Report, First Quarter, 2004: Wage Growth Lags Gains in Employment. By Rakesh Kochhar. Pew Hispanic Center (The Center, Washington, D.C.) June 2004. 23 p.

Full Text at: www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/Labor%20Report%202004_1%20Final.pdf

["Immigrants are filling nearly three out of every ten new jobs in the rebounding U.S. economy, a development that may dilute the political dividend to President Bush from an election-year recovery, a study concludes. The report found that workers who were not U.S. citizens claimed 378,496 jobs out of a net increase of 1.3 million from the first three months of 2003 through the first three months of the year." Los Angeles Times (June 16, 2004) A15.]

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WAGES

RUI One Corporation v. City of Berkeley. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 02-15762. June 16, 2004. Various pagings

Full Text at: www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/B2F27EFF2D8F1A2988256EB5004E2AED/$file/0215762.pdf?openelement

["A court upheld Berkeley's authority to require higher minimum wages for some workers, the first appellate ruling in the country on whether local governments have that power.... The law mandated minimum hourly wages and employee benefits for certain companies that received financial benefits from the city such as city contracts, leases on city property or certain tax exemptions.... Los Angeles and more than half a dozen other California cities have adopted such laws, including Pasadena, Port Hueneme, Oxnard, Santa Cruz, San Jose, San Francisco and Sacramento." Los Angeles Times (June 17, 2004) 1.]

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ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

People of the State of California v. Enron, et al. Alameda County Superior Court. Complaint for Restitution, Disgorgement, and/or Damages, and Civil Penalties. June 17, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2004/04-063.pdf

["California's attorney general sued Enron Corp. for hundreds of millions of dollars, charging the once-powerful energy trader with engaging in a widespread scheme to manipulate electricity prices during the energy crisis.... But with Enron on the verge of completing a Chapter 11 plan that essentially liquidates the company, the practical impact of Lockyer's suit is unclear." Sacramento Bee (June 18, 2004) 1.]

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RENEWABLE ENERGY

Geothermal Energy: Information on the Navy's Geothermal Program. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. GAO-04-513. (The Office, Washington, DC) June 2004. 43 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04513.pdf

["This report provides information on the Navy's annual revenues from the geothermal facility at China Lake; how the Navy uses the revenues it collects from the geothermal facility; the budget oversight the Navy provides programs funded from geothermal revenues, and how the Navy's geothermal program differs from Bureau of Land Management's program."]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

CHURCH & STATE

Elk Grove Unified School District, et al. v. Newdow, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 02-1624. June 14, 2004. Various pagings.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14june20041230/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/03pdf/02-1624.pdf

["In a 5-3 decision, the justices said that because the California father who brought the lawsuit did not have custody of his daughter - and did not share her view of the pledge - he was not entitled to speak for her in the courts. By disposing of the case on procedural grounds, the justices ducked a final ruling on the legality of the pledge and its reference to God.... The opinion does not contain many clues as to how the full Supreme Court would resolve the issue if forced to decide it." Los Angeles Times (June 15, 2004) A1.]

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FEDERAL BUDGET

FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 04-16. (FFIS, Washington, DC) June 10, 2004. Various pagings.

[Includes: "Rural Cooperative Development Grants," "Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Technology High Power Electronics," "Plant Wide Assessments," and others.]

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INCOME TAXES

"State Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals: An Analysis and Assessment." By Ralph B. Tower and Yvonne L. Hinson. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 32, no. 11 (June 14, 2004) pp. 845-849.

["Twelve states (including California and New York) impose income taxes based on the federal Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). The approaches used vary considerably, and calculations of the tax are often difficult.... This report begins with an overview of the subject and a discussion of our research methods.... The report concludes with observations about the future of the state AMT from a tax policy perspective."]

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The Ultimate Burden of the Tax Cuts. By William G. Gale and others, the Urban Institute and Brookings Tax Policy Center and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) June 2, 2004. 21 p.; Appendices.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/6-2-04tax.pdf

["This joint report provides a unique examination of the effects of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, examining not only who benefits but also who is likely to pick up their costs once they are inevitably paid for.... Low- and middle-income households are likely to lose significantly once costs of the tax cuts are offset." Moving Ideas (June 1, 2004) online.]

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Federal Supply Schedule Contracts -- Acquisition of Information Technology by State and Local Governments Through Federal Supply Schedules: Final Rule. IN: Federal Register, vol. 69, no. 96. (May 18, 2004) pp. 28063-28066.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/19may20040800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2004/pdf/04-11208.pdf

["The E-Government Act of 2002 authorized state and local governments to use GSA's Federal Supply Schedules to buy automated data processing equipment, software, supplies, support equipment and services. The final rule puts this into effect.... Changes include: a provision that allows contractors the option of providing supplies or services overseas; a clarification that contractors can decide whether or not to accept orders from outside the executive branch of the federal government; and a clarification that state and local government entities may add terms and conditions other than those required by law or regulation." Government Computer News (June 9, 2004) 1.]

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REGULATORY REFORM

An Analysis of the Seventh Government Report on the Costs and Benefits of Federal Regulations. By Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan, American Enterprise Institute-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies. Regulatory Analysis 04-03. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: aei-brookings.org/admin/authorpdfs/page.php?id=986

["This paper critically reviews the draft of the Office of Management and Budget's seventh report on the benefits and costs of federal regulation. The draft report represents an improvement over previous reports in two ways. It explores regulatory reform workwide and discusses the cost of regulation on the manufacturing sector. OMB's focus on the manufacturing sector, however, is unduly narrow. OMB should focus on reforming regulations in other sectors as well." Brookings Alert (June 7, 2004) 1.]

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STATE TAXES

"State Income Tax Burdens on Low-Income Families in 2003." By Bob Zahradnik and Joseph Llobrera. IN: State Tax Notes, vol. 32, no. 7 (May 17, 2004) pp. 527-539.

["Poor families in many states continue to face a substantial burden as they file personal income taxes for the 2003 tax year.... In some states, families with poverty-level incomes face income tax bills of several hundred dollars.... Eliminating all or most state income taxes on working families with poverty-level incomes gives a boost to take-home pay that helps offset higher child care and transportation costs that families incur as they strive to become economically self-sufficient."]

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VOTERS & VOTING

Standards for Accessible Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail Systems in Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems. By the California Secretary of State. (The Secretary, Sacramento, California) June 15, 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.ss.ca.gov/elections/ks_dre_papers/avvpat_standards_6_15a_04.pdf

["California approved the nation's first standards for a paper record to be produced by electronic voting machines and verified by voters. But no one is certain what such a paper trail would look like, although about a half-dozen voting-system vendors have developed or are working on e-voting machines that generate a printout. " Oakland Tribune (June 16, 2004) 1.]

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HEALTH

ELDERLY

"Driven to Tiers: Socioeconomic and Racial disparities in the Quality of Nursing Home Care." By V. Mor and others. IN: Milbank Quarterly, vol. 82, no.2 (June 2004) pp. 227-256.

["African Americans are four times as likely as whites to reside in poorly funded, understaffed nursing homes that offer substandard care, especially in the nation's deep South, according to a new study. Forty percent of black nursing home residents nationwide live in low-quality facilities, compared to just 9 percent of white nursing home residents, the report found. In California, the percentage of African Americans living in substandard nursing homes stood near the national average." San Francisco Chronicle (June 21, 2004) 1.]

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FOOD SAFETY

People of the State of California v. Tri-Union Seafoods, LLC, et al. San Francisco Superior Court. Complaint for Civil Penalty and Injunctive Relief. June 21, 2004.

["Using the state's tough anti-toxics law, Proposition 65, [the California Attorney General, Bil] Lockyer is arguing that even chunk light tuna, which is typically much lower in mercury, may exceed safe levels for the contaminant particularly damaging to fetuses and growing children. The state wants the companies to put labels on the cans or provide for signs near the grocery store shelves where the canned tuna is sold, warning that mercury is known to cause reproductive harm and cancer." San Francisco Chronicle (June 22, 2004) 1.]

Complaint. 6 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2004/04-065.pdf

Press release. 1 p.
http://caag.state.ca.us/newsalerts/2004/04-065.htm

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MANAGED HEALTH CARE

Aetna Health Inc., et al v. Davila. U.S. Supreme Court. 02-1845. June 21, 2004. Various pagings

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/21june20041210/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/03pdf/02-1845.pdf

["Private employees in California and other states who get health insurance through their employer are not entitled to damages for any harm they suffer when their HMO improperly denies coverage for recommended medical care.... The federal law, known as ERISA, allows patients to challenge the denial of benefits or win compensation for their costs but does not provide damages for resulting injury or death." San Francisco Chronicle (June 22, 2004) A1.]

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NURSES

Snapshot Nursing Homes: A System in Crisis 2004. By California Healthcare Foundation. California Healthcare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) June 2004. 18 p.

Full Text at: www.chcf.org/documents/hospitals/NursingHomeSnapshot04.pdf

["More than a third of California's nursing homes have failed to meet the state's nurse staffing standards, contributing to a majority not passing federal inspections, a new study had found.... High turnover and low staffing were big factors in a 38 percent increase in the number of complaints from 2000 to 2002." Sacramento Bee (June 3, 2004) 1.]

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OBESITY

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity: Making the Orange County Schools Part of the Solution. By the Orange County Grand Jury. (The Jury, Santa Ana, California) June 2004. 17 p.

Full Text at: www.occourts.org/grndjury/obesitystudyreport.pdf

["Nearly 100,000 Orange County students -- 1 out of every 5 school-age children -- are either overweight or obese, the Orange County Grand Jury reported. The county's 28 school districts need to increase efforts to encourage students to eat right and exercise more, the report recommends." Los Angeles Times (June 9, 2004) B3.]

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PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Internet Pharmacies: Some Pose Safety Risks for Consumers and Testimony. By the U.S. General Accounting Office. Report no. GAO-04-820(The Office, Washington, D.C.) June 17, 2004. 35 p.

["Narcotics are easily purchased over the Internet from U.S. pharmacies with no prescription, congressional investigators maintained at a Senate hearing on the dangers of buying medicine online." San Francisco Chronicle (June 17, 2004) A9]

Report, 35 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04820.pdf

Testimony of Robert J. Cramer, Office of Special Investigations, 8 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04892t.pdf

Testimony of Marcia Crosse, Health Care - Public Health and Military Health Issues, 23 p.:
http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d04888thigh.pdf

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PUBLIC HEALTH

Physical Activity and Community Design. By Leslie Robbins and Larry Morandi, National Conference of State Legislatures. Legisbrief. Vol. 12, No. 27. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) June/July 2004. 2 p.

["Regular physical activity lowers the risk of certain health problems. The overall cost of physical inactivity is high.... State legislatures can provide incentives for local governments to incorporate walking and biking opportunities in community design. The effects of these policies may not be direct and immediate, but they can result in long-term public health benefit if state and local governments invest in the infrastructure and capital facilities necessary to encourage walking and biking."]

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SMOKING

Cigarette Smoking Among High School Students -- United States, 1991-2003. By the Tobacco Information and Prevention Source, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. IN: MMWR Highlights, vol. 53, no. 23 (June 18, 2004) pp. 499-522.

Full Text at: www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5323.pdf

["Ads, Taxes Credited as Fewer Students Light Up: Cigarette smoking among high school students is down to its lowest level since 1975.... A 90 percent hike in cigarette prices between 1997 and 2003 -- along with anti-smoking campaigns -- are believed to have deterred students from smoking." Sacramento Bee (June 18, 2004) A32.]

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HOUSING

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Do Affordable Housing Mandates Work? Evidence from Los Angeles County and Orange County. By Benjamin Powell and Edward Stringham, University of Southern California. Prepared for the Reason Public Policy Institute. Policy Study 320. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) June 2004. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.rppi.org/ps320.pdf

["Affordable housing laws enacted in six cities in Orange County have forced builders to increase the prices for new homes by as much as $100,000 per unit and reduce new home construction, according to a study. The affordable housing law is called inclusionary zoning, which requires developers to sell a percentage of new homes at prices below market value to lower- and middle-income families.... The cities that have adopted inclusionary zoning are Brea, Huntington Beach, Irvine, Laguna Beach, San Clemente and San Juan Capistrano." Orange County Register (June 10,2004) 1.]

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HOMEBUYING

Bay Area Home Median Passes Half Million: Press Release. DataQuick Real Estate News (DataQuick, La Jolla, California) June 18, 2004. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.dqnews.com/RRBay0604.shtm

["The median price paid for a Bay Area home was $506,000 last month, a new peak. That was up 2.8 percent from $492,000 in April, and up 18.5 percent from $427,000 for May last year."]

[Request #S3379]

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Real Estate Review: California Housing Enjoying a "Shrill" Boom. By Michael Bazdarich, UCLA Anderson Forecast. Forecast Direct. Vol. 1, No. 2. (The Forecast, Westwood, California) May 2004. 4 p.

["While the recent performances of regional economies across California have varied widely ... housing markets are extremely strong everywhere. New home construction is up for the state as a whole, but the gains are confined to a few regions.... California home prices have risen at a staggering rate in recent years.... In the nine Bay Area counties of Northern California, median sale prices rose 10.1% in 2003, and are up 65.7% over the last five years."]

[Request #S3380]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILDREN

"Effects of Recent Fiscal Policies on Children." By William G. Gale, Brookings Institute and Laurence J. Kotlikoff, Boston University. IN: Tax Notes, vol. 103 (June 7, 2004) pp. 1281-1296.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1000660_TaxBreak_060704.pdf

["This article examines the direct and indirect effects of one set of policies -- the tax cuts and the Medicare spending increases that have been proposed and enacted since January 2001 -- on the long-term prospects of today's and tomorrow's youth. These proposals were not typically discussed in terms of their effect on children, other than a few vague claims to being 'pro-family.' Nevertheless, we show that those recent fiscal policies will significantly and adversely affect both future generations as a whole and a substantial majority of children in the current and each future generation." Children of Prisoners (June 20, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3381]

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FOOD STAMPS

Recent Trends in Food Stamp Participation: Have New Policies Made A Difference? By Sheila R. Zedlewski, Urban Institute. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families. No. B-58. (The Institute, Washington, DC) June 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310995_B-58.pdf

["A recent report explores the significant 36% increase in the program's use over the past three years. Most families with children and monthly incomes below the poverty level have never received welfare, and they do not receive food stamps. The research suggests that new food stamp rules and procedures designed to facilitate access to benefits are only working for families that enter the cash welfare system. Most other families still do not take advantage of this federal work support program." Children of Prisoners (June 14, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3382]

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Proposed Food Stamp Regulations that Involve Child Support Obligations: Memorandum. By Paula Roberts, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 21, 2004. 10 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1085150643.26/CS_FS_regs.pdf

["Many of the households participating in the Food Stamp Program contain a person who either pays or receives child support. In 2002, Congress made changes in the food stamp laws that affect these households. This memorandum summarizes the proposed regulations that cover these changes and discusses some of the issues they raise." Moving Ideas (June 8, 2003) 1.]

[Request #S3383]

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WASHINGTON READER

California Capitol Hill Bulletin. By the California Institute For Federal Policy Research. Vol. 11, Bulletin 18-19. (The Institute, Washington, DC) June 4-11, 2004. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.calinst.org/bulletins/b1119.pdf

[Includes: "Senate Committee Probes Cancellation of Fire Suppression Aircraft Contracts;" "Hearing Held to Examine Private Sector Participation in Transportation;" "Section 8 Voucher Changes Announced;" "Californians Request That New Decision Be Revoked;" "PPIC Statewide Survey Outlines California Residents' Attitudes About State Budget and Government;" "U.S. Supreme Court Opens Border To Mexican Trucks;" "Report Calls $188 Million in TEALU Earmarks 'Wasteful'"; "DOE Joint Genome Institute Completes SOD Genetic Squencing;" Callifornia's 2004 Space Plan Completed;" "Report Criticizes Proposed Reductions in Section 8 Housing Program;" and others.]

[Request #S3384]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

GAYS & LESBIANS

The Gay and Lesbian Atlas. By Gary Gates and others. Urban Institute Press. (The Press, Washington, DC) May 2004. 242 p.

["This is the first book to give a detailed geographic account of American's gay and lesbian households. The Atlas mines Census 2000 data on the characteristics of 594,391 same-sex 'unmarried partner' couples, commonly understood as gay and lesbian couples, and offers a unique statistical portrait of this understudied community."]

[Request #S3385]

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MUSLIM AMERICANS

The Status of Muslim Civil Rights in the United States 2004: Unpatriotic Acts. By the Council on American-Islamic Relations Research Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. 37 p.

["Last year marked the highest number of Muslim civil rights cases ever recorded by the annual report.... Reports of harassment, violence and discriminatory treatment increased nearly 70 percent over 2002. This represents a three-fold increase since the reporting year preceding the terrorist attacks."]

[Request #S3344]

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ECONOMY

TECHNOLOGY

America's Biotech and Life Science Clusters: San Diego's Position and Economic Contributions. By Ross DeVol and others, the Milken Institute. (The Institute, Santa Monica, California) June 2004. 105 p.

Full Text at: www.milkeninstitute.org/pdf/biotech_clusters.pdf

["The Institute ranks California number two, behind Massachusetts, in its top ten states best prepared to succeed in the technology-led information age.... The Index finds that a state's investment in technology and science assets 'from higher education to access to venture capital' is a crucial factor in determining a region's future economic success." Capitol Hill Bulletin (June 4, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3386]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

FORESTRY

"Human Behaviors Elevating Exposure to Ixodes Pacificus (Acari:Ixodidae) Nymphs and Their Associated Bacterial Zoonotic Agents in a Hardwood Forest." By Robert S. Lane and others IN: Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 41, no.2 (March 2004) pp. 239-248.

["Ticks Closer Than Hikers Think, UC Berkeley Researchers Find: Briefly resting on a log or gathering wood for a campfire can put Northern California hikers at greater risk for Lyme disease.... Gathering wood and leaning against a tree -- however briefly -- resulted in contact with ticks 23 percent and 17 percent of the time, respectively." Oakland Tribune (April 12, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3387]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

"Developmental Services in Primary Care for Low-Income Children: Clinicians' Perceptions of the Healthy Steps for Young Children Program." By Kathryn Taaffe McLearn, National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University, and others. IN: Journal of Urban Health, vol. 81, no. 2 (2004) pp. 206-221.

["The findings of this study suggest that the Healthy Steps for Young Children Program (HS) was successful in universally increasing developmentally oriented services across all income levels, as reported by clinicians, in a variety of settings. The authors found that: across all income groups and over time, clinicians were more likely to report the provision of preventive developmental health services; and at 30 months, clinicians in low-income practices reported the greatest positive changes in their perceptions about the quality of care provided by their practices." Maternal and Child Health Altert (June 18, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S3388]

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