Subject: Studies in the News 04-63 (September 17, 2004)


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Studies in the News for
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Children and Families Commission


Contents This Week

Introductory Material

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Rights of children of prisoners
EDUCATION
   After-school activities of children
   English learners in public schools
   Culturally competent services and school readiness
   Quality pre-kindergarten
   Early education and emotional development
   Children's activities after kindergarten
   Expanded preschool services
HEALTH
   Results from California's Express Lane initiative
HUMAN SERVICES
   Welfare and low-income family policy
STUDIES TO COME
   Survey of children's health
   Children with special health care needs
   Child trauma victims
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the First 5 California by the California State Library. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web site at www.library.ca.gov/CRB/SITN/.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CHILDREN & YOUTH

Children of Incarcerated Parents: A Bill of Rights. By Nell Bernstein. (San Francisco Partnership for Incarcerated Parents, San Francisco, California) 2003. 59 p.

["Children of prisoners have, it ought to go without saying, committed no crime, but the penalty they are required to pay is steep. They forfeit, in too many cases, virtually everything that matters to them: comfort and affection. Their lives and prospects are profoundly affected by the numerous institutions that lay claim to their parents -- police, courts, jails and prisons, probation and parole -- but they have no rights, explicit or implicit, within any of these jurisdictions. This book is a discussion of the basic rights of children of prisoners." NOTE: Children of Incarcerated Parents ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4008]

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EDUCATION

AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS

After-School Activities. By Child Trends DataBank. (Child Trends, Washington, DC) July 20, 2004. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.childtrendsdatabank.org/pdf/86_PDF.pdf

["This indicator found that in 2001, over a third of children in kindergarten through eighth grade participated in after-school activities, with the largest percentage participating in sports, followed by religious activities and the arts."]

[Request #S4009]

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BILINGUAL EDUCATION

English Language Learner Students in U.S. Public School: 1994 and 2000. By David Meyer and others, Education Statistics Services Institute. Issue Brief. NCES 2004-035. (National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC) August 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004035.pdf

["This brief examines growth in the population of English Language Learner (ELL) students in U.S. public schools between the 1994 and 2000 school years. Nationally, the number of ELL students in public schools increased from approximately two million students in 1993–94 to three million students in 1999–2000. Regionally, over half the national total of U.S. public school ELL students in 1999–2000 were in the West region. The brief also examined the extent to which ELL students were concentrated in schools in 1999–2000. Nationally, 62 percent of public school students were in schools with an ELL student population of less than 1 percent of the school population. However, in the West, 19 percent of students were in schools with ELL populations comprising at least 25 percent of the school population."]

[Request #S4010]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Building Culturally and Linguistically Competent Services to Support Young Children, Their Families, and School Readiness. By Kathy Seitzinger Hepburn, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. Prepared for The Annie E. Casey Foundation. (The Foundation, Baltimore, Maryland) 2004. 146 p.

Full Text at: www.aecf.org/publications/data/cctoolkit.pdf

["This tool kit has been created to help promote early childhood development and school readiness. The purpose of this tool kit is to provide guidance, tools, and resources that will assist communities in building culturally and linguistically competent services, supports, programs, and practices related to young children, their families. By offering services in culturally and linguistically meaningful ways, communities can engage all families and support young children being ready for school."]

[Request #S4011]

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Quality Pre-Kindergarten for All: State Legislative Report. By the Trust for Early Education. (The Trust, Washington, DC) September 2004. 44 p.

Full Text at: www.trustforearlyed.org/docs/Legislative%20Report-9-9.pdf

["This report analyzes budgets for Fiscal Year 2005 and found that while 15 states increased funding for preschool programs, almost half of the nation's states had no increase or actually decreased expenditures." National Institute for Early Education Research Online Newsletter (September 17, 2004).]

[Request #S4012]

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"Paths of Effects of Early Childhood Intervention on Educational Attainment and Delinquency: A Confirmatory Analysis of the Chicago Child-Parent Centers." By Arthur J. Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou, and James W. Topitzes, Waisman Center and School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison. IN: Child Development, vol. 75, no. 5 (September 2004) pp. 1299-1328.

["This study investigated the contributions of 5 mechanisms to the effects of preschool participation in the Child-Parent Centers for 1,404 low-income children in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Based on a matched-group design, preschool participation was associated with significantly higher rates of educational attainment and lower rates of juvenile arrest. Analysis revealed that the primary mediators of effects for both outcomes were attendance in high-quality elementary schools and lower mobility (school support hypothesis), literacy skills in kindergarten and avoidance of grade retention (cognitive advantage hypothesis), and parent involvement in school and avoidance of child maltreatment (family support hypothesis). The model accounted for 58% and 79% of the preschool links with school completion and juvenile arrest, respectively."]

[Request #S4013]

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The Summer After Kindergarten: Children's Activities and Library Use by Household Socioeconomic Status. By David Meyer and others, Education Statistics Services Institute. Issue Brief. NCES 2004-037. (National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC) September 2004. 4 p.

Full Text at: nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004037.pdf

["This brief provides a description of children’s participation in various activities during the summer after kindergarten ... elicited from interviews with parents. It also takes a closer look at one summer activity in particular — children’s library use."]

[Request #S4014]

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PRESCHOOL

Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. By U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO-04-852. (The Office, Washington, DC) September 2004. 42 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04852.pdf

["This work focused on four states that have expanded their preschool programs to serve more children. In these states, GAO addressed: 1) how prekindergarten programs were designed and funded; 2) the potential implications of these program features for children’s participation and other programs that serve four year-olds; and 3) the outcome data that have been collected on participating children and families."]

[Request #S4015]

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HEALTH

CHILDREN

Building an On-Ramp to Children's Health Coverage: A Report on California's Express Lane Eligibility Program. By Dawn C. Horner and others. (The Children's Partnership, Santa Monica, California, and the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, Washington, DC) September 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.childrenspartnership.org/expresslane/ELE-CA.pdf

["The report provides a first time look at the results from California¹s Express Lane initiative that has been piloted in 72 schools to expedite health insurance enrollment for uninsured children through the school lunch program. The report sets out the practical steps for and lessons gained from implementing the program over the past several years."]

[Request #S4016]

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HUMAN SERVICES

FAMILIES

Covering Welfare and Low-Income Family Policy. By Center for Law and Social Policy: CLASP Update. (The Center, Washington, DC) August/September 2004. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.clasp.org/DMS/Documents/1094594778.03/AugSep04_Update.pdf

[Includes: "Potential Funding for Transitional Jobs Through Child Support;" "Improper TANF and Child Care Payments, Would Poor Couples with Kids Be Better Off Married?;" "The State of State Budgets." Moving Ideas (September 16, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4017]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

CHILDREN

"The National Survey of Children's Health: A New Data Resource." By P. van Dyck and Heppel D. Kogan. IN: Maternal and Child Health Journal, vol. 8, no. 3 (September 2004) pp. 183-188.

["In January 2003, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau in partnership with the National Center for Health Statistics launched a new telephone survey -- the National Survey of Child Health -- to provide state and national data on children's health and well-being, as well as information on their families and neighborhoods. The plan and design of this survey are the focus of this article." MCH Alert listserv (September 3, 2004).]

[Request #S4018]

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"Prevalence and Characteristics of Children with Special Health Care Needs." By Peter C. van Dyck and others. IN: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 158, no. 9 (September 2004) pp. 884-890.

["According to research reported in article, one in five families reported their child's special health care needs caused financial problems, and almost 30 percent reported cutting back or quitting work because of their child's condition, especially among low-income and uninsured children. In 2001, an estimated 12.8 percent of American kids experienced a special health care need, with prevalence highest among boys, school-age children, and children in lower-income families." Connect for Kids Weekly (September 13, 2004).]

[Request #S4019]

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MENTAL HEALTH

"Acceptability of Asking Parents About Their Children's Traumatic Symptoms." By Kristin L. Dean and others. IN: Psychiatric Services, vol. 55, no. 8 (August 2004) p. 866.

["Little is known about the effectiveness of mental health interventions to help child trauma victims. Concerns about the ethics of asking children and their families about the children's traumatic experiences have hindered research in this area. Some studies have suggested that asking trauma victims about their experiences may increase their psychological distress, whereas others have shown that questioning does not significantly increase their distress. To understand the ethical issues, the study measured the acceptability of asking parents of child trauma victims about their children's traumatic experiences." Rand Child Policy Report Project Update (August 24 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4020]

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