Subject: Studies in the News 04-74 (November 10, 2004)


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Studies in the News for
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Children and Families Commission

Contents This Week

Introductory Material ECONOMY
   Economic tools of preschool investments
   Economic impact of child care in Humboldt County
EDUCATION
   Local leadership and school quality
   Academic achievement gap strategies
   Socioeconomics of preschool enrollment
   Early care and education in New Mexico
   Dual lingual and cultural developmental issues
   School readiness and accountability
HEALTH
   Oral health training for early childhood professionals
HUMAN SERVICES
   Inclusive child care questions
   Children's well-being in Los Angeles County
   Foster care children and relative care
   Well-being of children in foster care
STUDIES TO COME
   Airborne fungi and low-income children
   Breast-feeding and asthma
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News: Children and Family Supplement is a service provided to the First 5 California by the California State Library. The service features weekly lists of current articles focusing on Children and Family policy. Prior lists can be viewed from the California State Library's Web site at www.library.ca.gov/CRB/SITN/.

How to Obtain Materials Listed in SITN:

  • When available on the Internet, the URL for the full-text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

ECONOMY

CHILDREN

Developmental Education: The Value of High Quality Preschool Investments as Economic Tools. By the Committee for Economic Development. (The Committee, Washington, DC) September 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.ced.org/docs/report/report_preschool_2004_developmental.pdf

["This report argues that building strong preschool programs is a far better tactic to boost the economy and create jobs than traditional methods, such as offering tax breaks to major companies to lure them into communities." Education Week (November 3, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4396]

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The Economic Impact of the Child Care Industry in Humboldt County. By Brentt Brown and Jen Wohl, National Economic Development and Law Center. (NEDLC, Oakland, California) 2004. 57 p.

Full Text at: www.humkids.org/content/index.php?option=com_docman&task=docclick&Itemid=39&bid=8&limitstart=0&limitstart=0&limit=5

["This report finds that child care is a big player in the Humboldt County economy, creating hundreds of jobs and millions of dollars in revenue. It also found shortages in affordable care need to be addressed. " CDPI Early Education in the News (October 23, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4407]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Stronger Schools, Stronger Cities. By the Institute for Youth, Education, and Families, National League of Cities. (The League, Washington, DC) 2004. 60 p.

Full Text at: www.nlc.org/nlc_org/site/files/pdf/PAGES_MECH_0412B.pdf

["Vigorous leadership by mayors and city council members can yield big dividends through improvements in the quality of public education, according to this study. The report highlights strategies used by mayors and council members to overcome challenges, such as changes in leadership and government budget deficits, to successfully support progress in raising student achievement and improving public schools." Public Education Network Weekly News (July 22, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4397]

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All Students Reaching the Top: Strategies for Closing Academic Achievement Gaps. By Albert Bennett, Learning Point. (Learning Point, Naperville, Illinois) 2004. 50 p.

Full Text at: www.ncrel.org/gap/studies/allstudents.pdf

["This report finds that overcoming the continued academic underperformance of minority students requires a systemic approach - one that combines simultaneous interventions by families, teachers, and administrators, and the larger society."]

[Request #S4398]

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Who Goes to Preschool and Why Does It Matter? By W. Steven Barnett and Donald Yarosz. Preschool Policy Matters Policy Brief No 8. (National Institute for Early Education Research, New Brunswick, New Jersey) August 2004. 16 p.

Full Text at: nieer.org/resources/policybriefs/8.pdf

["Preschool participation in the U.S. has been increasing steadily over the last four decades. By 2002, two-thirds of the nation's 4-year-olds were enrolled in a preschool program -- but who are these children? Where are they? This policy brief identifies factors that influence preschool enrollment, such as income, geography and ethnicity, and offers policy recommendations to address inequities in access."]

[Request #S4399]

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The Status of Early Care and Education in New Mexico. By Erica Williams, Institute for Women's Policy Research, and Anne W. Mitchell, Early Childhood Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) 2004. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.iwpr.org/pdf/R263.pdf

["This report presents national and state data on the availability, quality, and cost of early care and education programs, and recommends steps for New Mexico and the federal government to expand and improve current early care and education programs, putting the state on a course that will lead to a system of high-quality, voluntary, universal early care and education."]

[Request #S4400]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Growing Up With Two Languages: A Practical Guide. By Una Cunningham-Andersson and Staffan Andersson. (Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, New York, New York) 2004. 159 p.

["The lives of many families involve contact with more than one language and culture on a daily basis. This book is aimed at the parents and professionals who feel uncertain about the best way to go about helping children gain maximum benefit from the situation. The trials and rewards of life with two languages and cultures are discussed in detail, and followed by practical advice on how to support the child's linguistic development." NOTE: Growing Up With Two Languages ... is available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S4401]

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SCHOOL READINESS

School Readiness: Considering Social and Emotional Development in an Era Focused on Accountability. By Charles Bruner, Child and Family Policy Center, and others. National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) Webcast. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) October 14, 2004. 90 minutes; various pagings.

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/programs/cyf/srsession.htm

["As legislators address issues of early childhood development and make policy connections with No Child Left Behind, many states have chosen to focus on school readiness: a child's readiness for kindergarten as well as the school's readiness for the child. Due to tight budget times, proven outcomes have become critical for policymakers to make good state budget decisions. In an era of accountability and focus on cognitive outcomes, what are states doing to ensure the social and emotional well-being of young children so that they start school ready to learn? This audio-conference examines the importance of social and emotional development in children in order to begin school ready to learn as well as different state and national initiatives that address this issue."]

[Request #S4402]

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HEALTH

DENTAL CARE

Open Wide: Oral Health Training for Health Professionals. By the National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center and the Center for the Advancement of Distance Education at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (The Center, Washington, DC) 2004. Online.

Full Text at: www.mchoralhealth.org/OpenWide/index.htm

["This series of four self-contained online modules is designed to help health and early childhood professionals working in community settings (e.g., Head Start and WIC staff) promote oral health in the course of promoting general health for infants, children, and their families. Topics include tooth decay, risk factors for tooth decay, and prevention of tooth decay; oral health risk assessment and oral health screening; and anticipatory guidance for parents. Each module includes an overview, learning objectives, key points, a self-assessment quiz, online resources, and an evaluation form. A glossary and a list of presentations, print materials, and videotapes are also presented."]

[Request #S4403]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD CARE

Top Eight Questions Providers Ask About Inclusive Child Care. By the Alameda County Child Care Planning Council. (The Council, Oakland, California) 2004. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.acgov.org/childcare/top8questions.pdf

["This paper defines inclusive child care, describes the benefits of it and what the law requires, offers tips for getting started and talking with parents, and includes resources for providers and parents." Action Alliance for Children Email News Bulletin (October 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4408]

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CHILDREN

Los Angeles County 2004 Children's Scorecard. By The Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California.) 2004. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.childrensplanningcouncil.org/resource-files/committees/dp/childrens_scorecard04.pdf

["This report measures children's well-being in Los Angeles County. It explores health (uninsured, asthma, overweight, low birth weight, prenatal care); families (child abuse and foster care); and family economic security (poverty, subsidized school lunches and the Earned Income Tax Credit)." Moving Ideas (November 3, 2004) 1.]

[Request #S4409]

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FOSTER CARE

Family Ties: Supporting Permanence for Children in Safe and Stable Foster Care with Relatives and Other Caregivers. By Mark Testa and others, Fostering Results, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (Fostering Results, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois) October 2004. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.pewtrusts.org/pdf/FC_FamilyTies_1004.pdf

["This report finds that more than 14,000 foster children in California have found permanent homes with grandparents or other relatives under an innovative program that provides subsidies to caregivers. It suggests that loosening the rigid funding rules would allow more programs such as California's that could improve outcomes for abused or neglected children." Los Angeles Times (October 13, 2004) B3.]

[Request #S4410]

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Fostering the Future: Safety, Permanence and Well-Being for Children in Foster Care. The Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care. (The Center, Washington, D.C.) 2004. 74 p.

Full Text at: www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/foster_care_final_051804.pdf

["This report is calling for the federal government to allow more flexible spending of the $5 billion it pays states each year to provide foster care. It suggests that allowing more programs such as California's - where state officials developed Kin-GAP to subsidize guardianship for families - could improve outcomes for abused or neglected children."]

[Request #S4411]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

HEALTH

ASTHMA

"Airborne Fungi in the Homes of Children with Asthma in Low-income Urban Communities: The Inner-City Asthma Study." By George T. O'Connor, Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, and others. IN: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 114, no. 3 (September 2004) pp. 599-606.

["Mold-sensitive children with asthma living in urban communities across the U.S. are exposed to airborne fungi in indoor and outdoor air. The concentrations of fungi are higher in homes with dampness problems, cockroach infestation, and cats. The indoor-outdoor difference in the concentration of airborne fungi may provide a valuable metric for investigations of the role of fungal exposure as a risk factor for asthma."]

[Request #S4236]

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"Breast-Feeding Reduces the Risk of Asthma During the First 4 Years of Life." By Inger Kull and others. IN: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 114, no. 4 (October 2004) pp. 755-760.

["The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of breast-feeding on asthma and sensitization to airborne allergens among children up to 4 years of age. A birth cohort of 4089 children was followed. Exposure data were collected at 2 months and 1 year of age. The total dose of breast milk was estimated by combining periods of exclusive and partial breast-feeding. Outcomes data were collected at 1, 2, and 4 years of age. The study found that breast-feeding reduces the risk of asthma during the first 4 years of life."]

[Request #S4237]

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