Subject: Studies in the News 05-08 (April 1, 2005)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1855 - "On March 6, 1855 most of the Democratic legislators were attending a state convention a few blocks distant from the capitol. The question of electing a Senator was introduced. Immediately the few Democratic Senators present began to talk against time. In spite of their efforts the resolution passed, 48 to 21. As soon as the vote was announced Judge Hahn of Nevada county ran with all speed to the state convention and exclaimed, 'The Senatorial question is sprung at the capitol!' A roll was then being called upon a vote, but waiting not the result, the convention hastily adjourned and with a fierce yell, followed by a crowd, the delegates ran to the capitol. The Senatorial vote was reconsidered. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/tinkhamch13.html "    

1855 - "The U.S. Land Commissioners declared Governor Pio Pico's sale of the Mission San Juan Capistrano illegal and control of the Mission was returned to the Catholic Church. In 1845 the last Mexican governnor of California, Pio Pico, sold the Mission to his brother-in-law, John Forster, and James McKinley for $710. In 1865 President Lincoln signed documents reinforcing Church ownership of the Mission. (It was not until) 1965 when the mission obtained a copy of the Lincoln's Proclamation from the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. The original document is now in Mission San Juan Capistrano's archives. Federation of Orange County Historical Organizations Newsletter, vol. 16, no. 1, (1997). "    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Under-age criminals can't be executed
   Suit over confiscation of medical marijuana
   CHP's efficiency plans and the spiraling accident paperwork
   Mentally-ill youths in jail
   Court limits state segregation of inmates
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Review of standards for gathering and presenting news
   Ruling on gay marriage
   Immigration programs and voting in Mexican elections
ECONOMY
   Prospects for manufacturing in California
   Future of American innovation
   Shortcomings in science and technology field
   Summary of current economic conditions
EDUCATION
   High school graduates unprepared for challenges
   List of troubled school districts
   College prep courses for all students
   Why some CSU students don't graduate in four years
   Federal plans for underperforming schools
   National report on No Child Left Behind Act
   High dropout rate in California schools
   Educational resources and outcomes
ENERGY
   California's electricity situation
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Action needed to save diversity in crops
   Health effects of diesel engines
   Water fight in the Mojave
   Groups sue over forest management rules
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Analysis of redistricting proposals
   Protecting agriculture from a terrorist attack
   Driver's license and ID card requirements
   Unfunded federal mandates
   Long-term federal budget simulations
   Competitive grant update
   Reconstructing government
   Legislative Analyst's analysis of 2005-06 budget
   Overhauling California sales tax
   California state-federal balance of payments
HEALTH
   Restaurant ratings and hospitalizations
   Reorganizing state health agencies
   Health care inflation slows
   Health policy at the ballot box
   Medicaid fiscal relief spending and baseline projections
   Medicare prescription drug coverage plan
   Medi-Cal program and health insurance
HUMAN SERVICES
   Fatherhood and welfare policy
   Administrative cost claims for foster care
   Ramifications of Social Security benefits
   TANF and Medicaid allocations
   Reauthorization of the welfare reform law
INSURANCE
   Home insurers can cancel policies
STUDIES TO COME
   Building successful communities in the Sierra Nevada
   Search for the next Silicon Valley
   The value of art education
   Parental smoking cessation and young children
   Financing of antismoking ads
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California's Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library's website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

DEATH PENALTY

Roper v. Simmons. U.S. Supreme Court. 03-633. March 1, 2005. Various pagings.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/01mar20051300/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/04pdf/03-633.pdf

["In a 5-4 decision, the justices said a growing consensus among the states, and a recognition that minors are not yet fully formed intellectually or morally, led to the conclusion that executing anyone under 18 violates the constitutional ban on cruel and unusual punishment." San Francisco Chronicle (March 2, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50801]

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DRUGS

Americans for Safe Access, et al. v. California Highway Patrol, et al. Alameda County Superior Court. Complaint for Declaratory Relief, Preliminary Injunction, and Permanent Injunction. February 15, 2005. 19 p.

Full Text at: www.safeaccessnow.org/downloads/CHP_Complaint.pdf

["A patient support group announced a lawsuit asking that the state stop confiscating medical marijuana from patients. ... Medpot activists say the CHP remains the worst offender, confiscating even the smallest amounts of pot and sometimes arresting patients even after they present documentation from a physician.... The biggest sticking point for the CHP is the absence of state identification cards for medical marijuana patients. The cards were authorized by the Legislature in 2003, but state health officials balked at launching the ID program because of budgetary constraints." Los Angeles Times (February 15, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50802]

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LAW ENFORCEMENT

California Highway Patrol: Enhancing Road Patrol Service Through Efficiencies. By Paul Steenhausen, Legislative Analyst Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) 2005. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2005/chp/chp_013105.htm

["California Highway Patrol officers spend so much time investigating an increasing number of crashes that they are unable to crack down on the drivers who cause much of the mayhem: speeders, drunken drivers and tailgaters. The patrol program has had roughly 500 cops added over the last decade -- almost the exact number that is now lost to paperwork and handling accidents."]

[Request #S50803]

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MENTAL ILLNESS

Incarceration of Youth Who are Waiting for Community Mental Health Services in California. By Minority Staff Special Investigations Division, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives. Prepared for Representative Henry A. Waxman. (Government Reform Minority Office, Washington, DC) 2005. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.democrats.reform.house.gov/Documents/20050124112914-80845.pdf

["An average of 250 young people are incarcerated every day -- sometimes without even being suspected of committing a crime -- while they wait for an opening in community programs or services, a report states.... The report is based on surveys of 43 of the state's 49 detention facilities. These are the local-level juvenile detention centers and do not include California Youth Authority's facilities. San Francisco Chronicle (January 25, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50804]

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PRISONS & PRISONERS

Johnson v. California, et al. U.S. Supreme Court. 03-636. February 23, 2005. Various pagings.

Full Text at: a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/23feb20051045/www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/04pdf/03-636.pdf

["The court all but barred California prison officials from continuing their long-standing practice of segregating inmates by race during their first 60 days in a prison.... California officials had argued that the policy, apparently unique in the nation, was justified by the fear of violence from prison gangs organized along racial lines.... The ruling does not restrict prison officials' authority to separate inmates for other reasons, such as established gang affiliation." San Francisco Chronicle (February 24, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50805]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

The State of the News Media: An Annual Report on American Journalism. By the Project Excellence in Journalism. (The Project, Washington, DC) 2005. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.stateofthemedia.org/2005/execsum.pdf

["American consumers confront an ever-broader river of news from myriad sources, but the standard for gathering and presenting the information tends to be 'faster, looser and cheaper' than in the past, according to a survey of the news business." Los Angeles Times (March 14, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50806]

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GAYS & LESBIANS

Judicial Council Coordination Proceeding No. 4365. Judge Richard Kramer, Superior Court of the State of California County of San Francisco. March 14, 2005. 27 p.

Full Text at: news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/glrts/inremarriage31405opn.pdf

"[A judge ruled that California's ban on gay marriage is unconstitutional - a legal milestone that, if upheld on appeal, would open the way for the most populous state to follow Massachusetts in allowing same-sex couples to wed." Associated Press (March 14, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50807]

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LATINOS

Survey of Mexican Migrants: Attitudes about Immigration and Major Demographic Characteristics. And Survey of Mexican Migrants: Attitudes About Voting in Mexican Elections and Ties to Mexico. By Roberto Suro, Pew Hispanic Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 2005. 30 p.

["A majority of Mexican immigrants living and working in the United States would be willing to participate in a temporary-worker program, according to a recent nationwide survey, even many of those who say they would prefer to stay in the country indefinitely." San Diego Union Tribune (March 3, 2005) A1.]

Attitudes About Immigration and Major Demographic Characteristics. Part 1. 30 p.:
http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/41.pdf

Attitudes About Voting in Mexican Elections and Ties to Mexico. Executive Summary. Part 2. 13 p.:
http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/42.pdf

[Request #S50808]

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ECONOMY

OUTSOURCING

One Million Jobs At Risk: The Future of Manufacturing in California. By the Bay Area Economic Forum. (The Forum, San Francisco, California) March 2005. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.bayeconfor.org/pdf/CAManufacturingReport.pdf

["The lion's share of California's factory jobs are at risk from outsourcing unless California reforms its tax code, electricity market, labor laws and other factors, according to a report.. It said 20,000 California manufacturing jobs have been moved overseas since the start of the recession -- a small percentage of the 312,000 factory jobs that have been lost overall -- but the outsourcing issue 'is of growing concern." Sacramento Bee (March 1, 2004) A1.]

[Request #S50809]

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TECHNOLOGY

The Knowledge Economy: Is the United States Losing Its Competitive Edge? Benchmarks of Our Innovation Future. By the Task Force on the Future of American Innovation. (The Task Force, Washington, DC) February 2005.

["The United States must boost its research and development efforts or risk losing its leadership role in science and technology to other countries, according to a report released by a coalition of business and academic leaders. The task force identified a series of benchmarks it says point to the nation's declining science and technology economy. They include a declining proportion of U.S. citizens in science and engineering graduate programs; increased retirements from the science and engineering community that could create a workforce shortage; and a decline in the number of U.S.-produced science and engineering papers." National Journal Technology Daily (February 16, 2005) 1.]

Report. 16 p.
http://www.futureofinnovation.org/PDF/Benchmarks.pdf

Press Release 3 p.
http://www.futureofinnovation.org/PDF/Benchmarks_PR.pdf

[Request #S50810]

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Losing the Competitive Advantage? The Challenge for Science and Technology in the United States. By Matthew F. Kazmierczak and others, American Electronics Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) February 2005. 30 p.

Full Text at: www.aeanet.org/publications/IDJJ_AeA_Competitiveness.asp

["Silicon Valley and the nation face serious challenges to their leadership in science and technology and are losing competitive advantage in the global economy, a high-tech lobbying group warns in a report.... U.S. shortcomings include inadequate science and math education at the kindergarten through 12th-grade level. The group's report also lamented the decline in federal funding for research and development, slipping enrollments in university-level computer science courses and the barriers preventing skilled foreigners from obtaining U.S. visas." San Jose Mercury News (February 15, 2005) C1.]

[Request #S50811]

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U.S. ECONOMY

The Beige Book: Summary of Commentary on Current Economic Conditions. By Federal Reserve District. (The Federal Reserve Bank, New York, New York) March 9, 2005.

["The United States economy expanded at a moderate pace from late January through February, with few signs of inflation despite rising production costs, the Federal Reserve said.... The report, drawn by the central bank from contacts in each of its 12 districts, aims to give policy makers an anecdotal look at the economy." New York Times (March 10, 2005) C3.]

Summary. Various pagings.
http://www.federalreserve.gov/fomc/beigebook/2005/20050309/default.htm

San Francisco - 12th district. Various pagings.
http://www.federalreserve.gov/fomc/beigebook/2005/20050309/12.htm

[Request #S50812]

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EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Rising to the Challenge: Are High School Graduates Prepared for College and Work? By Peter D. Hart Research Associates. (Achieve, Inc., Washington D.C.) 2005. 14 p.

Full Text at: www.achieve.org/dstore.nsf/Lookup/pollreport/$file/pollreport.pdf

["Nearly four out of 10 high school graduates say they have been inadequately prepared to enter college or hold down a job." Stateline.org (February 7, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50813]

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Academic Performance Index. By the California Department of Education. (The Department, Sacramento, California) March 15, 2005. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.cde.ca.gov/ta/ac/ap/index.asp

["The number of districts needing improvement is now 150, state officials said. They will face increased scrutiny within two years if they do not improve test scores or increase the number of students who take annual English and math exams." Los Angeles Times (March 15, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50814]

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On Course for Success: A Close Look at Selected High School Courses that Prepare All Students for College. By ACT Information for Life's Transactions and The Education Trust. (ACT, Iowa City, Iowa) 2005. 84 p.

Full Text at: www.act.org/path/policy/pdf/success_report.pdf

["The report included detailed presentations of what was offered in courses at schools the researchers visited and it urged everyone involved in setting a school's curriculum and course content to re-evaluate what schools offer. It also urged parents to advocate for their children to be enrolled in higher-level courses." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (February 26, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50815]

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ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

CSU Retention and Graduation Rates Exceed Those at Benchmark Institutions: CSU Access and Graduation Rates Vary by Racial and Ethnic Groups. Carol Potes-Fellow, Public Affairs, California State University, Long Beach. (The University, Long Beach, California) February 2005. Online.

Full Text at: www.calstate.edu/pa/news/2005/gradrates.shtml

["Just over half of all California State University students are getting their degrees and that is better than the national average, but still not good enough. About 90 per cent of those graduates are taking six years to get a degree instead of the traditional four. There is no quick fix because of the diversity of the nation's largest university system."]

[Request #S50816]

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From the Capitol to the Classroom. By Center on Education Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) March 2005. 228 p.

Full Text at: www.ctredpol.org/pubs/nclby3/press/cep-nclby3_21Mar2005.pdf

["Students are doing better on state verbal and math tests required under the No Child Left Behind Act, and the gaps between white and minority students are narrowing. But educators worry about a lack of money and skilled teachers in the future.... Their greatest worry is that they won't be able to fix the underperforming schools the act has identified, according to the study, which surveyed educators in 49 states and 314 school districts." Contra Costa Times (March 24, 2005) F4.]

[Request #S50817]

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ACADEMIC STANDARDS

Task Force on No Child Left Behind: Final Report. By the National Conference of State Legislatures' Task Force on No Child Left Behind. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado) 2005. 77 p.

Full Text at: www.forumforeducation.org/parents_and_educators/index.php?id=64

["Concluding a year long study on the effectiveness of President Bush's sweeping education law, No Child Left Behind, a bipartisan panel of lawmakers drawn from many states pronounced it a flawed, convoluted and unconstitutional education reform initiative that has usurped state and local control of public schools." New York Times (February 24, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50818]

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AUDITS AND INVESTIGATIONS

New Research Exposes Hidden High School Drop Out Crisis; Acute Among California's African-American And Latino Students: Press Release. And Confronting The Graduation Rate Crisis in California. By the Harvard Civil Rights Project. (The Project, Cambridge, Massachusetts) March 24, 2005.

["Nearly half of the Latino and African American students who should have graduated from California high schools in 2002 failed to complete their education. A diploma is a passport to economic success. If our high schools can't get students the education they need, that will be . an economic and social problem moving forward into the next generation," said researcher Christopher Swanson of the nonprofit Urban Institute in Washington."]

Press Release. 2 p.:
http://www.civilrightsproject.harvard.edu/news/pressreleases/dropout05.php

Full Report. 14 p.:
http://www.civilrightsproject.harvard.edu/research/dropouts/March%2023%20California%20Final%20Report.pdf

[Request #S50819]

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ETHNIC, RACIAL & CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Educational Resources and Outcomes in California, by Race and Ethnicity. By Deborah Reed, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) 2005. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/CC_205DRCC.pdf

["[The study] notes factors behind reasons for the achievement gaps: 1) Many black and Hispanic students start out with family disadvantages. They are less likely than white and Asian students to live with both parents, their mothers are less likely to have graduated from high school, and their families are more likely to have an income below the poverty line; 2) Black and Hispanic children are more likely to attend low-achieving, overcrowded schools." San Jose Mercury News (February 23, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50820]

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ENERGY

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

California's Electricity Situation: Summer 2005. By The California Energy Commission and Others. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) 2005. 28 pages.

Full Text at: www.fypower.org/pdf/Summer05_EnergyOutlook.pdf

["Parts of Southern California could endure blackouts this summer if the region suffers from unusually hot weather, according to a newly revised forecast from California's Independent Systems Operator, California Public Utilities Commission and California Energy Commission... By 2009, the forecast predicts electricity shortfalls of as much as 15% if summer weather is especially hot." eNewswire (March 9, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50821]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

AGRICULTURE

Safeguarding the Future of U.S. Agriculture: The Need to Conserve Threatened Collections of Crop Diversity Worldwide. By Calvin O. Qualset, University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Genetic Resources Conservation Program, and Henry L. Shands, U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation. (The Program, Davis, California) February 2005. 45 p.

Full Text at: www.grcp.ucdavis.edu/publications/docSafeAg/SafeguardingFutureUSAg.pdf

["As farmers turn increasingly to proven hybrid plants to increase yields, the rich genetic diversity of food crops is turning to dust. A report warned that unless there is a more intensive effort to preserve the diversity that remains, scientists may not be able to develop crops that can fight tomorrow's pests and pestilence. 'The question is not whether we will have the technology to find the genes that are needed, but whether the crop diversity itself will continue to be available for this and future generations,' said Calvin Qualset." Sacramento Bee (March 1, 2005) D3.]

[Request #S50822]

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AIR POLLUTION

Diesel and Health in America: The Lingering Threat. By Conrad G. Schneider, and L. Bruce Hill, Clean Air Task Force. (The Task Force, Boston, Massachusetts) February 2005. 21 p.

Full Text at: www.catf.us/publications/reports/Diesel_Health_in_America.pdf

["Emissions from old diesel engines cause more than 20,000 Americans a year to die sooner than they would have otherwise, an environmental group estimated... Conrad Schneider said regulations designed to make new diesel engines cleaner didn't affect millions of older trucks, buses and construction engines. Since many older diesel engines can run for 30 years, more action is needed by federal, state and local governments to retrofit existing engines to run more cleanly." Los Angeles Times (February 23, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50823]

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DESERT

Center for Biological Diversity; Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility v. Jonathan Jarvis; National Park Service. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. March 1, 2005

["Until recently, the dispute has been limited to mule deer and bighorn sheep hunters who favor the creation of more desert water sources and conservationists who argue that man-made waterholes draw predators that prey on the threatened California desert tortoise. Now, a high-ranking official in the U.S. Department of the Interior has intervened on behalf of hunters and demanded the uncapping of 12 plugged wells, an action that would reverse a long-standing water policy in the 1.6-million-acre Mojave National Preserve. That, in turn, prompted a lawsuit this week by two environmental groups that say the order is illegal." Los Angeles Times (March 4, 2005) 1.]

Complaint. 21 p.
http://www.peer.org/docs/ca/2005_1_3_complaint.pdf

Press release. 1 p.
http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/swcbd/PRESS/guzzlers3-01-05.html

[Request #S50824]

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FORESTRY

Defenders of Wildlife, et al. v. Mike Johanns, Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. 04--4512 PJH. First Supplemental Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief. February 17, 2005. 34 p.

["Environmental groups chose a San Francisco federal court for their challenge to the Bush administration's new national forest management rules, which simplify the planning process while scaling back long- standing requirements for species preservation and public input.... Promoted as a way to bring flexibility to a bureaucratic process where proposed changes in land use are tied up for years, the new rules were denounced by conservation groups as giveaways to timber companies." San Francisco Chronicle (February 18, 2005) 1.]

Complaint. 34 p.
http://www.earthjustice.org/news/documents/2-05/NFMASupplementalComplaint.pdf

Press release. 1 p.
http://www.sierraclub.org/pressroom/releases/pr2005-02-17b.asp

[Request #S50825]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

APPORTIONMENT & REDISTRICTING

Drawing Lines: A Public Interest Guide to Real Redistricting Reform. By Ari Weisbord, Demos, and Jeannie Wilkinson, The Center for Governmental Studies. (The Center, Los Angeles, California) February 2005. 34 p.

Full Text at: www.cgs.org/publications/docs/DrawingLinesAPublicInterestGuidetoRedistrictingReform.pdf

["In an analysis by the Center for Governmental Studies and Demos, a New York-based government reform advocacy group, none of the half-dozen or so redistricting reform proposals fares very well.... 'There appears to be little room for California to do more than hold the status quo.'... The analysis lists its own 'ideal' requirements of redistricting by independent nonpartisan commissions: a guarantee of major party representation; provision of data and mandates to make competitive districts more likely; a requirement that all panel meetings be open; maintenance of decennial cycles of redistricting, and several others." Sacramento Bee (February 23, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50826]

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EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Homeland Security: Much Is Being Done to Protect Agriculture from a Terrorist Attack, but Important Challenges Remain. By the U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO-05-214. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 8, 2005. 101 p.

Full Text at: www.gao.gov/new.items/d05214.pdf

["The fall-off in inspections, in turn, exposes the nation's vulnerability to agricultural terrorism. The potential danger goes beyond the risk of poisoning people, as investigators warn of "severe economic disruption" from the deliberate introduction of plant and animal disease." Sacramento Bee (March 14, 2005) B1.]

[Request #S50827]

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Driver's License Requirements: A Mandate in the Wings? By Federal Fund Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 05-12. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 24, 2005. 2 p.

["Last fall Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 that included a provision regarding driver's license and ID card requirements.... [The law] specifies standards that must be met, the data system required to maintain and share information, the verification systems that must be established and the technological safeguards that must be deployed."]

[Request #S50828]

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FEDERAL / STATE RELATIONS

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA). By National Conference of State Legislatures. IN: Mandate Monitor, (March 8, 2005) Vol. 2, Issue 1, 51 p. (NCSL, Denver, Colorado)

Full Text at: www.ncsl.org/print/standcomm/scbudg/050308MandateMonitor.pdf

["NCSL has identified at least $30 billion in federal unfunded mandates and cost shifts within the 2006 federal budget proposal. This is in addition to unfunded mandates and cost shifts enacted in the previous two fiscal years (2004 and 2005) worth at least $51 billion...No Child Left Behind, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the Medicare prescription drug program appear as regulars on Mandate Monitor's cost-shift list." NCSL News (March 8, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50829]

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FEDERAL BUDGET

Long-term Budget Simulations: Fiscal Impacts of Two Different Tax Policies. By the Congressional Budget Office, U.S. Congress. (The Office, Washington, DC) March 2005. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/61xx/doc6147/pelosi_ltr.pdf

["The Congressional Budget Office has prepared a set of three figures that summarize the fiscal impacts of two different tax policies.... These projections are based on national income and product account classifications that differ somewhat from formal budget concepts, but those differences do not significantly affect the future paths of spending and revenues."]

[Request #S50830]

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FEDERAL GRANTS

FFIS Competitive Grant Update. By the Federal Funds Information for States. Update 05-10. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 18, 2005. Various pagings.

["Includes: "Farm Labor Housing Loans and Farm Labor Housing Grants." "Market Development Cooperator Program." "Rehabilitation Training: Rehabilitation Long-Term Training: Job Development and Job Placement Services to Individuals With Disabilities." and others.]

[Request #S50831]

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GOVERNMENT REFORM

Reconstructing Government: A Review of the Governor's Reorganization Plan: Reforming California's Youth and Adult Correctional Agency. By Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) February 23, 2005. 56 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/179/report179.pdf

["The state's government watchdog agency gave near-unanimous approval to Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's plan to overhaul California's youth and adult prison systems. On a 7-0 vote with one abstention, the Little Hoover Commission forwarded to the Legislature the administration's plan to create a newly named Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, flatten out its management flow chart and inject it with a new commitment to make changes in what has been a problematic $7 billion-a-year operation." Sacramento Bee (February 24, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50832]

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STATE BUDGET

Analysis of the 2005-06 Budget Bill. And The 2005-06 Budget: Perspectives and Issues: Report to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee. By the Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) March 2005.

["The analysis includes hundreds of findings and recommendations related to education, health and social services, criminal justice, transportation, resources, capital outlay, information technology, and local government. "]

Analysis. Various pagings.:
http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis.aspx?year=2005&chap=0&toc=0

Perspectives and Issues. 300 p.:
http://www.lao.ca.gov/analysis.aspx?year=2005&chap=8&toc=1

[Request #S50833]

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STATE TAXES

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A California Perspective. By Martha Jones, California Research Bureau. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) February 2005. 162 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/05/01/05-001.pdf

["The Streamlined Sales Tax Project is a national effort to develop a standardized sales tax system.... The next step is for California to decide whether to conform its sales and use tax laws to those of the Agreement. Preliminary analysis indicates that conforming to the Agreement would require a major overhaul of the state's sales and use tax system.... This report analyzes the impacts of joining the Agreement on the California sales and use tax system"]

[Request #S50834]

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TAXES

California's Balance of Payments with the Federal Treasury: Fiscal Years 1981-2003. By The California Institute for Federal Policy Research. (The Institute, Washington, DC) February 2005.

["The state received 81 cents for each dollar in federal taxes in 2002. But the figure fell to a new low of 79 cents in 2003, according to a new study. California's return for each federal tax dollar in the 2003 fiscal year was worse than all but six other states. Californians sent $50 billion more to Washington than they received back in payments and services in 2003, a record for any state." Contra Costa Times (February 15, 2005) F4.]

Report. 14 p.
http://www.calinst.org/pubs/Bal03.pdf

California Share, 1981-2003. 3 p.
http://www.calinst.org/pubs/BalCht03.pdf

[Request #S50835]

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HEALTH

FOOD SAFETY

"Impact of Restaurant Hygiene Grade Cards on Foodborne-Disease Hospitalizations in Los Angeles County." By Paul Simon and others. IN: Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 67, no. 7 (March 2005) pp. 32-36.

Full Text at: www.stanford.edu/~pleslie/hospitalizations.pdf

["L.A. County's restaurant rating system, which includes letter scores, has cut hospitalizations for food-borne diseases by 13%.... The first scientific proof that the grading system resulted in a 'demonstrable public health benefit.'" Los Angeles Times (March 14, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50836]

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HEALTH CARE

Reorganizing State Health Agencies to Meet Changing Needs: State Restructuring Efforts in 2003. By National Governors Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2005. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/cda/files/0411HEALTHAGENCIES.pdf

["This report provides a nationwide snapshot of state health agency organizational structures and examines state efforts to restructure these agencies during 2003. It also describes the focus, goals and overall outcomes of restructuring efforts. Because of Medicaid's prominence in state budgets, it places special emphasis on changes affecting the Medicaid program and its placement in state organizational structures. It also highlights the organizational placement of the State Children's Health Insurance Program and the Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant program."]

[Request #S50837]

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HEALTH CARE FINANCE

Snapshot: Health Care Costs 101. By Katherine B. Wilson, California Healthcare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) March 2005. Various pagings.

["This snapshot provides a visual representation of costs and financing trends over the past decade, as well as predictions of future costs. Taken from several public and private data sources, the presentation is meant for anyone interested in an overview of health care financing issues in California and the nation."]

Health Care Costs 101. 25 p.:
http://www.chcf.org/documents/insurance/HCCosts10105.pdf

Health Care Costs 101: California Addendum. 7 p.:
http://www.chcf.org/documents/insurance/HCCosts101Addendum05.pdf

National Health Expenditures Quick Reference Guide. 1 p.:
http://www.chcf.org/documents/insurance/NHEQuickReference05.pdf

[Request #S50838]

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HEALTH CARE POLICY

Making Health Policy at the Ballot Box: Californians and the November 2004 Election. By Mark Baldassare and others. Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) February 23, 2005. 47 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/OP_205MBOP.pdf

["Just after the health policy decisions were made at the ballot box in November, we asked voters to assess how big a problem was represented by four of the issues they had voted on: the number of people without health insurance, the availability of mental health services, emergency medical services, and children's hospitals.... Concern about the availability of mental health services and emergency medical care was not as great as concern about lack of insurance coverage.... Fifty-eight percent of voters thought it was very important for medium and large employers to provide health care benefits for their employees."]

[Request #S50839]

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MEDICAID

Update on Medicaid Fiscal Relief Spending and Baseline Projections. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief 05-09. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 9, 2005. 6 p.

["New reporting from the Centers for Medicaid Services provides detailed data on the state-by-state impacts of the fiscal relief Medicaid matching rates during federal fiscal years 2003-2004. Additional data from the Congressional Budget Office evaluate the budget baselines for Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program and the potential impact of many presidential proposals."

[Request #S50840]

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MEDI-CAL

Part "D" Stands for "Deficit": How the Medicare Drug Benefit Affects Medi-Cal. By Shawn Martin, Legislative Analyst's Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) March 16, 2005. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2005/medicare/medicare_031605.pdf

["This analysis examines the major policy and fiscal implications the establishment of the Medicare prescription drug coverage plan has for the state's Medicaid program.... In particular ... Medicare Part D drug benefit will have on dual eligibles."]

[Request #S50841]

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Medi-Cal Program. Budget Backgrounder: Making Dollars Make Sense. By California Budget Project. (The Project, Washington, DC) March 2005. 7 p.

Full Text at: www.cbp.org/2005/0502bb_medical.pdf

["California has taken various steps to extend health coverage to the uninsured through the Medi-Cal Program. However, many challenges remain in providing coverage to those still uninsured, ensuring access, and promoting quality health care. The Governor's 2005-2006 Budget includes proposals that could increase enrollment of children in health coverage. Yet the Governor's proposal to restructure the Medi-Cal Program could limit access to health care for children, parents, elderly individuals, and persons with disabilities. The proposal could also increase long-term state and local costs."]

[Request #S50842]

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HUMAN SERVICES

FATHERHOOD

"Father Time: There's a Growing Focus in Welfare Policy on a Long-neglected Part of the Problem: Fatherhood." By John Buntin. IN: Governing, vol. 18, no. 6 (March 2005) pp. 20-28.

Full Text at: www.governing.com/articles/3fathers.htm

["This article examines the issue of the social policy apparatus dealing with the biggest remaining piece of the welfare reform puzzle: the creation of a rational policy toward fatherhood. When Congress wrote the TANF welfare reform law a decade ago, the emphasis was on mothers ... now, the need has shifted toward helping low-income fathers become productive partners to help stabilize family structure demands."]

[Request #S50843]

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FOSTER CARE

New Restrictions Proposed for Foster Care Payments. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 05-03. (FFIS, Washington, DC) February 8, 2005. 2 p.

["On January 31, 2005, the Administration for Children and Families ... issued regulations for Child and Family Services with respect to administrative costs and eligibility determinations. Specifically, the rule deals with administrative cost claims for children in facilities not eligible for IV-E care every 12 months, and the requirement that state agencies must document or re-determine a child's candidacy for IV-E every six months."]

[Request #S50844]

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SOCIAL SECURITY

Social Security Lifts 13 Million Seniors Above the Poverty Line: A State-By-State Analysis. By Arloc Sherman and Isaac Shapiro, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (The Center, Washington, DC) February 24, 2005. 3 p.

Full Text at: www.cbpp.org/2-24-05socsec.pdf

["This analysis of Census data shows that nationwide, Social Security benefits lift nearly 13 million seniors age 65 and older above the poverty line. These figures reflect a three-year average for the period from 2000 through 2002. The report provides data on the poverty-reducing effects of Social Security in each state."]

[Request #S50845]

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TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES

House TANF Bill Includes Possible Medicaid Cost Allocation Offset. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 05-13. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 24, 2005. 3 p.

["The House Ways and Means bill reauthorizing the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program would reduce state reimbursements for Medicaid administration for federal fiscal years 2005-2006 to approximately reflect the shares assumed in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The rationales given for the reductions are to prevent duplicative payments and to fund the extension of the transitioned medical assistance (TMA) program."]

[Request #S50846]

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WELFARE REFORM

Welfare Reauthorization Underway ... Again. By Federal Funds Information for States. FFIS Issue Brief, 05-11. (FFIS, Washington, DC) March 24, 2005. 7 p.

["The key issues for reauthorization include funding levels for the TANF block grant and other program components, work requirements for TANF recipients, marriage and family formation, fatherhood programs, child care and the Social Services Block Grant (SSBG). This issue brief summarizes these provisions in the Senate bill."]

[Request #S50847]

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INSURANCE

HOME OWNERS

American Insurance Association et al. v. John Garamendi et al. California Court of Appeals, Third Appellate District. C045000. February 28, 2005. 29 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/C045000.PDF

["In a decision that a consumer group called devastating, a Court of Appeal panel said the state's limited authority over homeowners' insurance leaves insurers free to refuse renewals to policyholders who claim losses -- a practice sometimes called 'use it and lose it.'... Proposition 103, the 1988 insurance initiative, strictly regulated cancellation of auto insurance policies, allowing coverage to be terminated only for nonpayment, fraud or a substantially increased risk. Prop. 103 also authorized the state to regulate homeowners' insurance rates but contained no similar limits on cancellations or nonrenewals." San Francisco Chronicle (March 1, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50848]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

CALIFORNIA READER

California Rising: the Life and Times of Pat Brown. By Ethan Rarick. (University of California Press, Berkeley, California) 2005. 501 p.

["As Rarick points out, Brown is recalled as 'the grand man of the California boom,' an unapologetic liberal politician who presided over the good old days of the Golden State: Freeways, water projects, state college and university campuses, and suburban sprawl all proliferated during his administration, and California, for better or worse, is living with his legacy" Los Angeles Times (January 16, 2005) R2.]

[Request #S50849]

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ECONOMY

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Investing for Prosperity: Building Successful Communities and Economies in the Sierra Nevada. By the Sierra Business Council. (The Council, Truckee, California) 2004.

Full Text at: www.sbcouncil.org/publications.asp

["Whatever their economic profile, many Sierra communities believe the answer to their predicament is to recruit business from outside. Yet focusing solely on recruitment is risky. Each year more than 15,000 jurisdictions in the U.S. compete for only 150 to 300 major corporate relocations ... Nonetheless, communities continue to position themselves as the lowest cost alternative by offering subsidies they can ill-afford.... Today, the most productive investment in long-term prosperity is to become the best place to live, raise a family, and own a business." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1. NOTE: Investing for Prosperity.... ... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S50850]

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HIGH TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY

Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Science and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley. By Margaret Pugh O'Mara. (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey) 2004. 312 p.

["In the second half of the twentieth century, a new and quintessentially American type of community emerged in the United States: the city of knowledge. These places were engines of scientific production, filled with high-tech industries, homes for scientific workers and their families, with research universities at their heart. They were the birthplaces of great technological innovations that have transformed the way we work and live, homes for entrepreneurship and, at times, astounding wealth." Publisher's Announcement (2004) 1. NOTE: Cities of Knowledge... will be available for 3-day loan.]

[Request #S50851]

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EDUCATION

ART EDUCATION

Putting the Arts in the Picture: Reframing Education in the 21st Century. Edited by Nick Rabkin and Robin Redmond. (Center for Arts Policy, Columbia College Chicago, Chicago, Illinois) 165 p.

["School funding cuts often hit arts particularly hard -- but a new book warns that arts are not just a luxury to jettison when times get tough. Putting the Arts in the Picture finds that integrating arts into mainstream curriculum has quantifiable cognitive and academic benefits. A study of 23 arts-integrated schools in Chicago showed test scores rising up to two times faster there than in demographically comparable schools." Connect for Kids (January 24, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50852]

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HEALTH

SMOKING

"Does Parental Smoking Cessation Encourage Their Young Adult Children to Quit Smoking? A Prospective Study." By Jonathan B. Bricker, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and others. IN: Addiction, vol. 100, issue 3 (March 2005) pp. 379-386.

["If parents quit smoking by the time their child is in third grade, they increase that child's odds of also quitting smoking for at least one month within two years of graduating from high school, according to this study. Knowing their parents successfully quit smoking may provide a model for children who later decide they want to quit, Bricker said. Parents and children may also share a genetic proclivity toward quitting." Seattle Post-Intelligencer (March 2, 2005) A1.]

[Request #S50853]

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"Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship Between 'Truth' Antismoking Ads and Youth Smoking Prevalence." By Matthew C. Farrelly. IN: American Journal of Public Health, vol. 95, no. 3 (March 2005) pp. 425-431.

["A nationwide ad campaign funded largely by the tobacco industry has helped cut youth smoking rates, a study by a health journal estimates. But anti-smoking advocates say money for such campaigns is drying up." Associated Press (February 23, 2005) 1.]

[Request #S50854]

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