Subject: Studies in the News 06-25 (June 7, 2006)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

May 1856 - "Under the leadership of William T. Coleman, the Vigilance Committee was organized, and a constitution adopted. A thousand men enrolled for whatever service the committee might see fit to demand of them. The militiamen on duty at the jail sent their resignations to the Governor, stacked their rifles in the State Armory in Grant Avenue, and marched in a body to join the committee. Horsemen carried the news into the rural and mining districts, and within a few days mass meetings at Sacramento, Placerville, Folsom, Nevada, and Marysville offered to send armed assistance if the Vigilantes desired. Alarmed by the seriousness of the situation and fearful of immediate trouble, Governor J. Neely Johnson hurried to San Francisco from Sacramento. In an effort to enlist a strong guard for the jail, Sheriff Scannell went into the streets and served upon every man he met a court order to report at the jail and assist in repelling the attack which the Vigilance Committee was obviously planning. The Sheriff summoned several hundred men, but only fifty responded. http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbtbc4.htm "  Asbury, Herbert. The Barbary Coast. 1933: New York  

May 1856 - "Considerable number of respectable citizens sincerely believed that such an illegal usurpation of authority (by the Vigilantes) was a greater source of danger than a continuation of the corruption under which San Francisco was laboring. For several days after the shooting of James King, editor of the San Francisco Bulletin by James P. Casey, editor of a weekly political paper and a member of the Board of Supervisors, business in San Francisco was practically suspended while the entire city awaited the outcome of the editor’s wounds. Great throngs continued to threaten the county jail, and thousands of men stood silent in the street before King’s residence. http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbtbc4.htm "  Asbury, Herbert. The Barbary Coast. 1933: New York  

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Child abuse in Los Angeles County
   Evaluating Los Angeles juvenile justice
   Government access to phone records
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Sexual content in media
ECONOMY
   Public backlash against gambling
   Gambling industry in California
   Credit counseling compliance project
EDUCATION
   UC compensation, accountability, and transparency
   Gay and lesbians students in public schools
   Court blocks exit exam
   Court reinstates exit exam
   Federal family education loan programs
EMPLOYMENT
   Financial preparedness for retirement
   Increased skills for low-wage workers
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Issues affecting dogs on beaches
   Parks in the Central Valley
   Salton Sea warning
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Preparing for catastrophic events
   Protecting older persons in disasters
   Redistricting in state house elections
   State and federal compliance audit report
   Open source software in voting systems
HEALTH
   Gaps in health insurance
   Mental health insurance coverage
   Pharmaceutical marketers put patients at risk
   Problems with nanomaterials in sunscreens
HUMAN SERVICES
   Improving child support collections
   County analysis of foster care
TRANSPORTATION
   San Diego airport alternatives
   Transportation's role in disasters
STUDIES TO COME
   New urban workforce
   Opportunities to improve asthma care
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

CHILD ABUSE

The State of Child Abuse in Los Angeles County. By the Inter-Agency Council on Child Abuse and Neglect. (The Council, Los Angeles, California) 2006. 437 p.

Full Text at: ican.co.la.ca.us/PDF/Data_2005.pdf

["Suicides among Los Angeles County youth have decreased significantly in recent years as schools and communities have intensified prevention programs, according to an annual report. Thirteen children and teenagers committed suicide in 2004, a 31.6% decrease from the 19 suicides recorded in 2003 and considerably lower than the 15-year average of nearly 25 suicides annually." Los Angeles Times (April 28, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62501]

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JUVENILE JUSTICE

Youth in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice System: Current Conditions and Possible Directions for Change. By Jacquelyn McCroskey, LA County Children's Planning Council. Prepared for the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. (The Council, Los Angeles, California) April 2006. 49 p.

Full Text at: www.childrensplanningcouncil.org/resource-files/JuvJustice_yfa_Final4.20.6prot.pdf

["The Los Angeles County Probation Department has come a long way since 2000 when the Department of Justice began investigating confinement practices in L.A. juvenile halls.... However, even with the improvements, all is not well for the youth served by the County's juvenile justice system. At least eight important areas requiring the attention of the Department and its community partners were identified during this study. In many of these areas, guidance is available from lessons learned in other jurisdictions."]

[Request #S62502]

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PRIVACY & SECURITY

Government Access to Phone Calling Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities. By Elizabeth B. Bazan and others, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. (The Service, Washington, DC) May 17, 2006. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33424.pdf

["Recent media disclosures regarding an alleged National Security Agency program designed to collect and analyze information on telephone calling patterns within the United States have raised interest in the means by which the Government may collect such information.... It is possible that any information provided to the NSA from the telephone service providers was provided in response to a request for information, not founded on a statutory basis. If this were the case, such a request would not necessarily be limited by the statutory structures discussed below, but in some instances, depending upon the facts involved, might expose the telephone companies to some civil remedies or criminal sanctions."]

[Request #S62503]

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CULTURE AND SOCIETY

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

"Sexy Media Matter: Exposure to Sexual Content in Music, Movies, Television and Magazines Predicts Black and White Adolescents' Sexual Behavior." By Jane D. Brown and others. IN: Pediatrics, vol. 117, no. 4. (April 2006) pp. 1018-1027.

["Sexually charged music, magazines, TV and movies push youngsters into intercourse at an earlier age, perhaps by acting as a kind of virtual peer that tells them everyone else is doing it....In general it found that the highest exposure levels led to more sexual activity, with white teens in the group 2.2 times more likely to have had intercourse at ages 14 to 16 than similar youngsters who had the least exposure." Reuters (April 3, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62504]

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ECONOMY

GAMBLING

Gambling: As the Take Rises, So Does Public Concern. By the Pew Research Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) May 23, 2006. 26 p.

Full Text at: pewresearch.org/assets/social/pdf/Gambling.pdf

["Americans are wagering more dollars in casinos, at racetracks and through state lotteries, but they're not too happy about it, a survey suggests. The study found that seven out of 10 people questioned believe that legalized gambling encourages folks to spend more money than they can afford on the activity. The center called the finding a 'modest backlash' toward legalized gambling despite a decade-long explosion in the growth of states offering casino gambling and the boom over the past few years in online wagering Web sites." Las Vegas Review-Journal (May 24, 2006) D1.]

[Request #S62506]

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Gambling in the Golden State: 1998 Forward. By Charlene Wear Simmons, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB 06-004 (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) May 2006. 176 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/06/04/06-004.pdf

["California's gambling revenue exploded to more than $13 billion in 2004, fueled by a rapid expansion of tribal casinos, according to a wide-ranging report....But Californians spread their bets beyond Indian casinos: In 2004 $2.97 billion was spent on the lottery; almost $4.1 billion was wagered on horse races; and $656 million fed the pots in card rooms, the report found. The growth in recent years puts gambling among California's largest industries." Sacramento Bee (June 1, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62507]

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LOANS AND CREDIT

Credit Counseling Compliance Project. By the Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Department of Treasury. (The Service, Washington, DC) May 15, 2006. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.irs.gov/pub/irs-tege/cc_report.pdf

["After investigating 41 of the largest consumer credit counseling agencies, the Internal Revenue Service has decided to yank tax-exempt status from every one of them because they provided little if any education and operated mainly like for-profit businesses, often for the benefit of officers, directors and related parties.... The problems it found were so widespread that the IRS has decided to send compliance inquiries to each of the remaining 740 known tax-exempt credit counseling agencies not being investigated." San Francisco Chronicle (May 16,2006) C1.]

[Request #S62505]

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EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION

Report of the Task Force on UC Compensation, Accountability, and Transparency. By the Task Force on UC Compensation, Accountability, and Transparency, University of California. (The University, Oakland, California) April 2006. 51 p.

Full Text at: www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/compensation/taskforce_report.pdf

["The recent disclosures and the underlying details of the cases reviewed by the Task Force lead it to conclude that, at least as regards compensation, neither the executives who lead the University nor the Regents who oversee it have done all they could or should to fulfill their respective or shared responsibilities. Moreover, the current compensation policies and practices of the University are insufficient to achieve the high standards of accountability required by the people of California."]

[Request #S62509]

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SEXUAL HARASSMENT

The 2005 National School Climate Survey: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in Our Nation’s Schools. By Joseph G. Kosciw and Elizabeth M. Diaz, The Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network . (The Network, New York, New York) April 2006. 117 p.

Full Text at: www.glsen.org/binary-data/GLSEN_ATTACHMENTS/file/585-1.pdf

["Nearly two-thirds of gay and lesbian students in schools nationwide experienced verbal harassment because of their sexual orientation last year, and 17 percent were physically harassed, according to a survey.... 'While the overall picture remains unfortunate, there are bright pockets of hope,' said Eliza Byard, deputy executive director of the gay student advocacy group. 'In schools where the faculty is trained and ready to show support for students facing this kind of harassment, you find students are much less likely to suffer the adverse effects such harassment can have.'" San Francisco Chronicle (April 27, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62508]

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STANDARDIZED TESTING

Lillian Valenzuela, et al. v Jack O'Connell, et al. Alameda County Superior Court. JCCP 004468. Order Granting Preliminary Injunction. May 12, 2006. 18 p.

Full Text at: apps.alameda.courts.ca.gov/fortecgi/fortecgi.exe?ServiceName=DomainWebService&PageName=itree&Action=18332683

["Judge Robert Freedman sided with five students from Richmond High School suing the state over the exit exam. They claim that substandard schools and a lack of quality teachers robbed them of a chance to pass the test. Freedman also wrote that denying them diplomas would cause significant damage.... The suit also asserts that the $20 million in state money aimed at tutoring for students who failed the test was unfairly distributed. According to the complaint, 166 districts with failing students received none of the money." Contra Costa Times (May 13, 2006) F4.]

[Request #S62510]

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Jack O'Connell v. Alameda County Superior Court, Liliana Valenzuela et al., Real Parties in Interest. California Supreme Court. S143543. Order to Show Cause. May 24, 006. 1 p.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/presscenter/newsreleases/MA17-06.PDF

["The court reinstated the high school exit exam as a diploma requirement, less than two weeks after a trial court handed the Class of 2006 a free pass. But the drama isn't over yet for the estimated 47,000 students -- about 10 percent of the senior class -- caught up in an ongoing dispute over the exam's fairness. The Supreme Court sent the case to the state Court of Appeals, which it said was the appropriate forum to decide the question. In the meantime, the status quo has been re-established -- you must pass the exit exam to claim a diploma." San Jose Mercury News (May 25, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62511]

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STUDENT AID

California Student Aid Commission: Changes in the Federal Family Education Loan Program, Questionable Decisions, and Inadequate Oversight Raise Doubts About the Financial Stability of the Student Loan Program. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) April 2006. 100 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/pdfs/reports/2005-120.pdf

[" The review of the California Student Aid Commission and EDFUND’s administration of the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program revealed the following: 1) Changes in federal laws governing FFEL Program raise doubts that the State will be able to sustain the program; and 2) Ongoing tensions between Student Aid and EDFUND have hampered Student Aid’s ability to renegotiate a revenue agreement with the U.S. Department of Education, which may have cost the State at least $24 million in federal fiscal year 2005.”]

[Request #S62512]

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EMPLOYMENT

RETIREMENT

Will More of Us Be Working Forever? The 2006 Retirement Confidence Survey. By Ruth Helman, Employee Benefit Research Institute, and others. (The Institute, Washington, DC) April 2006. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.ebri.org/pdf/EBRI_IB_04-2006_1.pdf

["This issue brief explores Americans’ financial preparedness for retirement. EBRI finds that 70 percent of workers and/or their spouses have saved for retirement, though only 42 percent have actually calculated their financial needs for retirement.... Workers participating in an employer-sponsored retirement plan were more likely to have saved than those who were not. For many, however, the amount saved was quite low. Among workers, 39 percent saved less than $10,000." IWPR's Women and Social Security Alert (May 31, 2006). 1]

[Request #S62513]

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UNSKILLED WORKERS

Wising Up: How Government Can Partner with Business to Increase Skills and Advance Low-Wage Workers. By Amy Ellen and others, Center for Law and Social Policy. (The Center, Washington, DC) April 2006. 52 p.

Full Text at: en.groundspring.org/EmailNow/pub.php?module=URLTracker&cmd=track&j=72856139&u=669562

["Helping low-wage workers upgrade their skills is a critical part of public policies to advance workers and to attract and retain good jobs that pay enough to support a family and offer health care, sick leave, and other important benefits. One promising approach has states and local governments partnering with business and industry to train workers and encourage the creation and retention of good jobs. This report examines five such training partnerships underway in four states, and offers innovative practices, challenges, and lessons learned for states and localities."]

[Request #S62514]

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ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

BEACHES

Dogs on the Beach: A Review of Regulations and Issues Affecting Dog Beaches in California. By Lisa K. Foster, California Research Bureau, California State Library. CRB 06-006. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) May 2006. 63 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/06/06/06-006.pdf

["Whether dogs should be allowed on beaches is an issue that engenders strong feelings.... The report identifies beaches along the California coast that allow dogs both on and off-leash. It also identifies relevant state statutes and regulations pertaining to dogs on beaches, and discusses the major concerns associated with dog beaches—habitat, health, safety, liability and cost."]

[Request #S62515]

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PARKS & RECREATION

Central Valley Vision. By the California Department of Parks and Recreation. (The Department, Sacramento, California) May 2006. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.parks.ca.gov/pages/21491/files/cvvreport2006.pdf

["After a series of 2005 meetings in the Central Valley, the department has created a checklist of priorities and needs for shaping the future of public recreation opportunities in the state's heartland.... Topping the list of priorities is increased access to the rivers that lace through the Valley and preserving land for trails along rivers -- particularly land with oak woodlands or other cherished natural assets." Sacramento Bee (May 24, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62516]

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SALTON SEA

Hazard: The Future of the Salton Sea with No Restoration Project. By Michael J. Cohen, Pacific Institute, and Karen H. Hyun, University of Rhode Island. (The Institute, Oakland, California) May 2006.

["The study warns that if no action is taken, the lake will shrink by more than 60 percent in the next 20 years, creating a host of health problems for Imperial County residents. Increased salinity will kill all the fish, an essential food source for the area's more than 400 species of birds, in the Salton Sea within 12 years, and air quality will sharply decline as more dusty lakebed is exposed each year to desert winds, the study said." Sacramento Bee (May 16, 2006) A4.]

Report. 48 p.
http://www.pacinst.org/reports/saltonsea/report.pdf

Executive Summary. 4 p.
http://www.pacinst.org/reports/saltonsea/execsumm.pdf

[Request #S62517]

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GENERAL GOVERNMENT

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Safeguarding the Golden State: Preparing for Catastrophic Events. By the Little Hoover Commission. (The Commission, Sacramento, California) April 27, 2006. 96 p.

Full Text at: www.lhc.ca.gov/lhcdir/184/report184.pdf

["The commission agreed that the state's history of natural disasters has prepared it well for the emergencies that most frequently befall California. But, it said: 'The state has not even begun to plan for a catastrophic event that would quickly overwhelm local and regional response capacity, precipitate cascading disasters, destroy critical infrastructure and hobble commerce.'... Sweeping changes in the bureaucracy are needed to bolster readiness." San Jose Mercury News (April 29, 2006) 5.]

[Request #S62519]

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We Can Do Better: Lessons Learned for Protecting Older Persons in Disasters. By Mary Jo Gibson and Michele Hayunga, American Association of Retired Persons. (The Association, Washington, DC) 2006. 84 p.

Full Text at: assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/il/better.pdf

["The report is designed to help decision makers at all levels of government enhance their protection of older persons in disasters. The report focuses on planning and communications, identifying who needs help and what kind of help, and evacuating older people." TRB newsletter (May 19, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62520]

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REDISTRICTING

"It's Time to Draw the Line? The Impact of Redistricting on Competition in State House Elections." By David Lublin and Michael P. McDonald. IN: Election Law Journal, vol. 5 no. 2. (2006) pp. 144-157.

["This paper takes a first cut at examining competition outside of the congressional election arena by exploring the aggregate level of competition in lower chamber state legislative elections in 37 states in 2000 and 2004.... The article briefly explores how partisan gerrymandering and racial redistricting may undermine competition."]

[Request #S62521]

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STATE FINANCES

State of California: Internal Control and State and Federal Compliance Audit Report for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 2005. By the California State Auditor, Bureau of State Audits. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) April 2006. 176 p.

Full Text at: www.bsa.ca.gov/pdfs/reports/2005-002.pdf

[“The State continues to experience certain problems in accounting and administrative practices that affect its internal controls over financial reporting and over compliance with federal requirements. As a result, the State has not always complied with some state and federal regulations. Weaknesses in the State’s internal control system could adversely affect its ability to provide accurate financial information and to administer federal programs in compliance with applicable requirements.”]

[Request #S62518]

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VOTERS & VOTING

Open Source Software in Voting Systems: A Report to the California Legislature. By Bruce McPherson, California Secretary of State. (The Secretary, Sacramento, California) January 2006. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.ss.ca.gov/elections/open_source_report.pdf

["While it is premature to initiate a policy requiring open source software in voting systems, it would be beneficial to continue the studies and discussions on the topic of open source software for use in voting systems.... There may be benefits associated with using open source software, but they are neither empirical nor measurable. There is no precedent that fully supports the feasibility of a potential effort to develop, deploy, and maintain an open source election system."]

[Request #S62522]

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HEALTH

HEALTH INSURANCE

Gaps in Health Insurance: An All-American Problem. By Sara R. Collins and others, Commonwealth Fund. (The Fund, New York, New York) April 2006. 38 p.

Full Text at: www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/Collins_gapshltins_920.pdf

["The number of moderate-to-middle-income Americans of working age who lack health insurance has risen dramatically in recent years, a study found. Forty-one percent of adults with incomes between $20,000 and $40,000 a year did not have health insurance for at least part of 2005, up from 28 percent without coverage in 2001.... The report illustrates how employers are dropping health coverage or are offering insurance plans that are too expensive for many workers to afford." San Francisco Chronicle (April 26, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62523]

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"Better Behavioral Health Care Coverage for Everyone." By Sherry Glied and Alison Cuellar. IN: New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 354, no. 13. (March 30, 2006) pp. 1415-1417.

["Providing insurance coverage for mental illness equal to that for physical illness does not drive up the cost of mental health care as many insurers feared. Such equal coverage for federal workers was ordered in 1999. Under the policy, known as parity, insurers were forbidden to charge higher co-payments or impose stricter limits on psychiatric care or treatment for alcohol and drug abuse.... Providing equal coverage for treatment of mental disorders did not increase the use of mental health services under the federal employee program." New York Times (March 30, 2006) 1p.]

[Request #S62524]

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PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

Turning Medicine into Snake Oil: How Pharmaceutical Marketers are Putting Patients at Risk. By Abigail Caplovitz, NJPIRG. (CALPIRG, Sacramento, California) May 2006. 52 p.

Full Text at: calpirg.org/reports/TurningMedicineintoSnakeOil.pdf

["False and misleading prescription drug advertising is common and dangerous. Prescription drug marketers are inundating doctors, and to a lesser extent, the public, with marketing that misrepresents risks, promotes unproven uses, and makes unsubstantiated claims.... This report takes a comprehensive look at all these factors of the prescription drug marketing problem and suggests effective solutions."]

[Request #S62525]

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PUBLIC HEALTH

Nanomaterials, Sunscreens and Cosmetics: Small Ingredients, Big Risks. By Georgia Miller, Friends of the Earth, and others. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC) May 2006. 32 p.

Full Text at: www.foe.org/camps/comm/nanotech/nanocosmetics.pdf

["Sunscreens made with submicroscopic particles pose a health hazard and should be recalled, environmental groups said in asking the government to increase regulation of growing uses of the science of nanotechnology.... Members of those groups said federal regulators are lagging in addressing the risks posed by nanotechnology, especially when it comes to sunscreens and the dozens of cosmetic products that companies are making with nanoparticles, which can be hundreds of times smaller than the diameter of a human hair." San Jose Mercury News (May 16, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62526]

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HUMAN SERVICES

CHILD SUPPORT

Strategies for Improving Child Support Collections in California. By Julie Salley-Gray, California Legislative Analyst Office. (The Office, Sacramento, California) May 3, 2006. 24 p.

Full Text at: www.lao.ca.gov/2006/child_support/child_support_050306.pdf

["Despite reform attempts, California continues to lag the nation in the collection of child support and in its performance on federal outcome measures. [LAO] recommends creating a performance-based system which gives counties the flexibility and financial incentives to meet state-established performance benchmarks. If enacted, the proposed reforms would (1) likely increase the amount of child support collected on behalf of custodial parents and (2) restore accountability to the child support enforcement system."]

[Request #S62527]

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CHILDREN

Child Welfare Performance in California: A County-by-County Analysis. By the National Center for Youth Law. Presented to the Assembly Committee on Human Services and the Assembly Select Committee on Foster Care. (The Center, Oakland, California) March 7, 2006. 66 p.

Full Text at: www.youthlaw.org/fileadmin/ncyl/youthlaw/publications/cw_performance_mar_2006.pdf

["The Center said most counties statewide are failing to meet many of the federal and state standards for protection of foster children, including recurrence of abuse or neglect and length of time to adoption. Overall, what the findings show in the report is that children are suffering reabuse at frightening rates.... The group also issued a series of recommendations to improve the child-welfare system." Los Angeles Daily News (April 19, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S62528]

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TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORTS

Alternatives Analysis - Military Sites: Draft Report. By Ricondo & Associates Team. Prepared for the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority. (The Authority, San Diego, California) May 2006.

["A new report analyzing the region's future airport options states that joint use of Miramar Marine Corps Air Station can be accomplished with no 'unacceptable interference' to the military mission of the base, defense readiness or civilian passenger safety.... By keeping Miramar and, to a lesser extent, Camp Pendleton as options, the report drew immediate derision from local military officials." San Diego Union-Tribune (May 17, 2006) 1.]

Report. Various pagings.
http://www.san.org/authority/assp/alt_sites_analysis.asp

Executive Summary. 64 p.
http://www.san.org/documents/assp/dec_doc/ASSP_Mili_Exec_Summ.pdf

[Request #S62529]

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SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

A Guide to Transportation’s Role in Public Health Disasters. By David Friedman, and others, Science Applications International Corporation. (Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC) 2006.

Full Text at: onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_525v10.pdf

["The report contains technical information on threats, including vulnerabilities of the transportation system to these agents and consequence-minimization actions that may be taken within the transportation system in response to events that involve these agents.... The report also includes a PowerPoint slide introduction to chemical, biological, and radiological threat agents designed as an executive-level communications tool based on summary information from the report." TRB Newsletter (May 30, 2006) 1.]

Report. Various pagings.
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_525v10.pdf

Powerpoint. 20 p.
http://www4.trb.org/trb/crp.nsf/reference/boilerplate/Attachments/$file/20-59(19)_CBR_Slides.ppt

[Request #S62530]

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STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EMPLOYMENT

WORKFORCE

"The Changing Face of America's Changing Workforce." By Marvin B. Greene. IN: Safety and Health, vol. 173, no. 5 (May 2006) pp. 36-38.

["The article focuses on the status of the urban workforce in the U.S. There is an influx of rural, immigrant and migrant workers especially in construction and manufacturing industries. New dynamics for occupational safety and health have emerged. The workers may lack perspective on urban safety practices or may have communication problems particularly for immigrant workers. The Occupational Safety and Hazard Administration has provided training for organizations in dealing with such issues."]

[Request #S62531]

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HEALTH

ASTHMA

"Observations from TENOR: Opportunities to Improve Asthma Care." By Helen Hollingsworth. IN: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, vol. 96 no. 3 (2006) pp. 383-384.

["This study ... states that significant number of asthma sufferers wind up in the emergency room for treatment because delays such as cost or insurance coverage prevented them from getting earlier needed care."]

[Request #S62532]

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