Subject: Studies in the News 06-36 (August 16, 2006)


CALIFORNIA RESEARCH BUREAU
CALIFORNIA STATE LIBRARY
Studies in the News


California -- One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago

1856 - "1856 - Experience on the west coast suggested that having a warning light as high as possible gave the maximum amount of visibility so the original Point Bonita Lighthouse was constructed with a fifty-six foot brick tower rising a total of 306 feet above the sea.… Access to the lighthouse was improved by a suspension bridge which was added by the Coast Guard after the narrow land bridge connecting it with the coast was destroyed in a landslide in 1854. The suspension bridge was made to resemble the Golden Gate Bridge -- visible to the east on a clear day. http://www.inetours.com/Bay_Area/Marin/Pt_Bonita.html"    

August 1856 - "A hand carved tunnel was dug through 118 feet of rock over 6 months in 1856 for installation of California's first fog signal at Point Bonita Lighthouse. A twenty-four pound cannon was fired continuously every half-hour for many days and nights during particularly foggy spells. Previously, it had been discovered that thick fog obscured the light of the Fresnel lens -- purchased and shipped from Paris -- at the most critical times. http://www.inetours.com/Bay_Area/Marin/Pt_Bonita.html"    

Contents This Week

Introductory Material CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT
   Drop in California youth crime and incarceration
   Status of LAPD reform
   The changing demographics of incarceration
   Residency restrictions on sex offenders
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
   Ethnic organizations wield little influence
DEMOGRAPHY
   National survey of Latinos
ECONOMY
   Credit scores, reports, and getting ahead
   Household income falling/GDP rising
   Economic forecast for Southern California
   Drop in L.A. television production
EDUCATION
   Is No Child Left Behind working?
   Snapshot of nation's public schools
   Universities must pay for community impact
   College financial misperceptions among Latinos
EMPLOYMENT
   Effects of immigrants on jobs
ENERGY
   Further energy refunds possible
   Electricity grid is congested
   The effects of the increase in energy costs
   Real time pricing for electricity
   Time sensitive electricity prices
ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES
   Higher temperatures forecast for California
   Cost estimates for restoring Hetch Hetchy
GENERAL GOVERNMENT
   Well funded incumbents
   Audit of San Diego finances
   Fiscal survey of states
   State tax revenue rebounds in south and west
   Lawsuit filed over voting machines
HEALTH
   Autism and air pollutants
   Emergence of retail clinics
   San Francisco health care ordinance
   Implementation of paid family leave law
HUMAN SERVICES
   Lower income families pay higher prices
STUDIES TO COME
   Motivating employee performance
Introduction to Studies in the News

Studies in the News is a very current compilation of items significant to the Legislature and Governor's Office. It is created weekly by the State Library's Research Bureau to supplement the public policy debate in California’s Capitol. To help share the latest information with state policymakers, these reading lists are now being made accessible through the State Library’s website. This week's list of current articles in various public policy areas is presented below.

Service to State Employees:

  • When available, the URL for the full text of each item is provided.

  • California State Employees may contact the State Information & Reference Center (916-654-0206; cslsirc@library.ca.gov) with the SITN issue number and the item number [S#].

  • All other interested individuals should contact their local library - the items may be available there, or may be borrowed by your local library on your behalf.

The following studies are currently on hand:

CRIMINAL JUSTICE & LAW ENFORCEMENT

JUVENILE JUSTICE

Testing Incapacitation Theory: Youth Crime and Incarceration in California. By Mike Males, Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, and others. (The Center, San Francisco, California) July 2006. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.cjcj.org/pdf/testing_incapacitation.pdf

["In a startling departure from expected crime trends, California's juvenile incarceration rate and juvenile crime rate have simultaneously dropped dramatically, prompting some experts to urge a complete restructuring of the way juvenile criminals are handled. Commitments to the state's juvenile correctional facilities have dropped this year to the lowest rate in 47 years. The drop comes despite a more than double population increase in the same time period, and it coincides with the lowest 2004 juvenile arrest rate in more than three decades." Sacramento Bee (June 29, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63601]

Return to the Table of Contents

LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT

Rampart Reconsidered: The Search for Real Reform Seven Years Later. By the Blue Ribbon Rampart Review Panel. (The Panel, Los Angeles, California) July 2006. 101 p.

Full Text at: www.lapdonline.org/assets/pdf/Rampart%20Reconsidered-Full%20Report.pdf

["Despite extensive reform in the seven years since the Rampart Division police corruption scandal, Los Angeles is at risk of similar crises unless the LAPD is significantly expanded and trades its 'warrior policing' model for a more community- friendly problem-solving style, a city task force warned... The panel found that police supervisors fail to provide adequate oversight and control of officers -- a key problem in the Rampart scandal. And the panel faulted the criminal justice system in Los Angeles for lacking sufficient checks to prevent officers from lying or fabricating evidence." Los Angeles Times (July 12, 2006) A1.]

[Request #S63602]

Return to the Table of Contents

PRISONS & PRISONERS

Who’s In Prison? The Changing Demographics of Incarceration. By Amanda Bailey and Joseph M. Hayes, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) August 2006. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/cacounts/CC_806ABCC.pdf

["The state prison population has grown three times faster than the general adult population since 1990 and at year-end 2005 stood at 167,698....The prison population is aging, with adults under age 25 representing a steadily declining share while the number of prisoners in older age groups continues to grow.... Prisoners serving time for violent crimes are a majority (just over 50%) of the prison population, and their share is growing.... By contrast, drug offenders now represent a diminished share of the prison population, having fallen from 28 to 21 percent in the past 15 years."]

[Request #S63604]

Return to the Table of Contents

SEX OFFENDERS

The Impact of Residency Restrictions on Sex Offenders and Correctional Management Practices: A Literature Review. By Marcus Nieto, California Research Bureau, California State Library and David Jung, Public Law Research Institute, Hastings Law School. CRB-06-008. (The Bureau, Sacramento, California) August 2006. 57 p.

Full Text at: www.library.ca.gov/crb/06/08/06-008.pdf

["Today some communities in the United States banish sex offenders from living in their midst, resulting in a difficult dilemma: where can these offenders live, and where can they best be supervised and receive treatment, if available? This report describes local ordinances and state statutes restricting where a sex offender may reside, discusses what research has found so far about the success of these restrictions, considers the impact that these restrictions are having on criminal justice management practices and sex offender treatment regimens, and examines constitutional implications."]

[Request #S63603]

Return to the Table of Contents

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

IMMIGRANTS

Civic Inequalities: Immigrant Volunteerism and Community Organizations in California. By S. Karthick Ramakrishnan and Celia Viramontes, Public Policy Institute of California. (The Institute, San Francisco, California) July 2006. 164 p.

Full Text at: www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/R_706KRR.pdf

["The study explores the leverage on local affairs of immigrant or ethnic-specific groups. It concludes that most elected officials and community leaders agree that mainstream groups, such as the Kiwanis Club and Rotary, have much more clout than the ethnic groups... The study concluded that not only do mainstream groups fail to reflect the diversity of their communities, but also, by default, may contribute to the isolation of this growing segment of the population." Capitol Hill Bulletin (July 27, 2006) 2.].

[Request #S63605]

Return to the Table of Contents

DEMOGRAPHY

LATINOS

2006 National Survey of Latinos: The Immigration Debate. By Robert Suro and Gabriel Escobar, Pew Hispanic Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) July 13, 2006. 32 p.

Full Text at: pewhispanic.org/files/reports/68.pdf

["In the wake of mass pro-immigration rallies and harsh public debate, a survey shows Latinos feel more discrimination but also more politically united.... The national survey of 2,000 Latinos provided a peek into the varied feelings Latinos have about immigration. While splits remained among different ethnic groups' generations and natives versus non-natives, nearly two-thirds believed the marches ushered in a new social movement. And about three-quarters -- regardless of birthplace -- said it would inspire political participation in the November elections." Los Angeles Daily News (July 14, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63607]

Return to the Table of Contents

ECONOMY

BANKING

Credit Scores, Reports, and Getting Ahead in America. By Matt Fellowes. The Brookings Institute. (The Institute, Washington, DC) May 2006. 20 p.

Full Text at: www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20060501_creditscores.pdf

["Consumer credit reports and scores play a growing role in the ability of families to get ahead, now influencing prices for loans and insurance and efforts to get jobs and rent apartments.... This report examines consumer debt, bankruptcy rates, credit scores and mortgage delinquency rates.... Rising consumer debt and loan delinquencies mandate that government leaders, with their private sector partners, pursue a series of reforms to increase consumer education and responsibility, market accountability, and accuracy."]

[Request #S63608]

Return to the Table of Contents

INCOME

Why is Household Income Falling While GDP Is Rising? By Marc Labonte, Government and Finance Division, Congressional Research Service. RL33519. (The Service, Washington, DC) July 7, 2006. 14 p.

Full Text at: opencrs.cdt.org/rpts/RL33519_20060707.pdf

["Some popular explanations for why income growth is lagging GDP growth include globalization, inequality, and more competitive labor markets. These explanations are unlikely to be sufficient because both income measures include capital income.... Personal income gains in recent years have been concentrated mostly in benefits and transfer payments, whereas labor and capital income have stagnated. With an aging population and rising medical costs, this is a trend that could easily continue in the absence of policy changes."]

[Request #S63609]

Return to the Table of Contents

LOS ANGELES

Mid-Year Update: 2006-2007 Economic Forecast and Industry Outlook for Southern California. By Jack Kyser and others, Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation. (The Corporation, Los Angeles, California) July 2006. 76 p.

Full Text at: www.laedc.org/reports/Forecast-2006-07.pdf

["Southern California's economy should turn in its strongest performance in six years despite a slowing housing market, economists forecast. Stronger than expected job growth in the professional business sector -- which includes a lot of high-tech and scientific research and development -- and tourism account for the more optimistic outlook." Los Angeles Daily News (July 12, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63610]

Return to the Table of Contents

TELEVISION

T.V. Pilot Production Drops 23% in Los Angeles Amid Strong Gains in Other Regions: Press Release. By FilmL.A., Inc. (FilmL.A., Inc., Los Angeles, California) June 2, 2006. 2 p.

Full Text at: www.eidc.com/FilmL.A._Press_Release_-_Pilot_Season_2006.pdf

["Los Angeles’ television pilot production during the February-May pilot season declined about 23% in 2006, from 105 shows produced in 2005 to 81 this year. The drop in Los Angeles occurred as production in other regions grew significantly. ..... As for the economic impact, this pilot season cost Los Angeles thousands of jobs and as much as $70 million in production spending."]

[Request #S63606]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATION

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Is the No Child Left Behind Act Working? The Reliability of How States Track Achievement. By Bruce Fuller and others, University of California, Berkeley. Working Paper 06-1. (Policy Analysis for California Education, Berkeley, California) 2006. 49 p.

Full Text at: pace.berkeley.edu/NCLB/WP06-01_Web.pdf

["This paper traces how 12 diverse states have reported on student achievement trends, 1992-2005. The research confirmed earlier findings that many states report much higher shares of fourth-graders 'proficient' in reading and math, compared with the percentage of students found to be proficient under the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).... These factors lead to state test score patterns that are difficult for parents and local educators to interpret. Recommendations are advanced for bringing state and federal testing systems into closer alignment."]

[Request #S63611]

Return to the Table of Contents

EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS

Basic (and Sometimes Surprising) Facts About the U.S. Education System. By Nancy Kober, Center on Education Policy (The Center, Washington, DC) July 2006. 40 p.

Full Text at: www.cep-dc.org/pubs/publiceducationprimer/PublicEducationPrimer.pdf

["This primer on public education has pulled together data, mostly from government sources, to answer these seven questions: 1) Where are the students? 2) Who are the students? 3) Who controls public education? 4) How are public schools funded? 5) How well are students achieving? 6) What is the public school teaching force like? 7) What other services do public schools provide? It is meant to give an overall snapshot of the nation’s public schools, so it relies on national averages. The experiences, trends, and issues in your local community may vary somewhat from the broad picture presented here."]

[Request #S63612]

Return to the Table of Contents

HIGHER EDUCATION

City of Marina, et al. v. Board of Trustees of the California State University. California Supreme Court. S117816. July 31, 2006. Various pagings.

Full Text at: www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S117816.PDF

["Colleges and universities are not exempt from paying new off-campus costs. The court said they must negotiate with local governments over paying their fair share whenever campus expansion results in the need to upgrade such things as roads, firefighting services and utilities. The universities had argued that they are legally obligated to spend taxpayer dollars only on their educational mission or other expenses explicitly authorized by state legislators." San Francisco Chronicle (August 2, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63613]

Return to the Table of Contents

Perceptions of College Financial Aid Among California Latino Youth. Policy Brief. By Maria Estela Zarate and Harry P. Pachon, Tomás Rivera Policy Institute, University of Southern California. (The Institute, Los Angeles, California) June 2006. 8 p.

Full Text at: www.trpi.org/PDFs/Financial_Aid_Surveyfinal6302006.pdf

["We argue that perceptions of costs can color a student's aspirations and plans for college, even before high school. Perceptions of nominal and real costs of college can influence students' decisions about the type of college to attend. Given the increasing real costs of college, it is probable that youth from low and moderate income families, with little information on college financing opportunities, are prematurely discouraged from attending college or attending the college of their choice."]

[Request #S63614]

Return to the Table of Contents

EMPLOYMENT

IMMIGRATION

Growth in the Foreign-Born Workforce and Employment of the Native Born. By Rakesh Kochhar, Pew Hispanic Center. (The Center, Washington, DC) August 10, 2006. 56 p.

Full Text at: pewhispanic.org/files/reports/69.pdf

["The study, based on Census Bureau data, found that 14 states with high immigration rates after 1990 also had higher-than-average employment rates for American-born workers. Those 14 states accounted for 24 percent of American workers. But in eight states that had big increases in immigrants in the same period employment rates for American workers were below average. Those states were home to 15 percent of American workers. The study concluded that there was no consistent link between surging growth in immigration and declines in employment for Americans." New York Times (August 11, 2006) A12.]

[Request #S63625]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENERGY

ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY

Public Utilities Commission of the State of California, et al. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit. 01-71051. August 2, 2006.

["The court ordered federal energy regulators to consider further refunds to Californians for overcharges by power suppliers during the 2000-01 energy crisis, amounts the state estimated at $1.1 billion.... But the court also upheld the commission's refusal to consider additional refunds of more than $1.75 billion for alleged price gouging in contracts signed by the state with energy companies starting in early 2001. The court said the rates in those contracts may have been 'unjust and unreasonable' and could be challenged in other proceedings but were beyond the scope of the federal commission's refund proceedings." San Francisco Chronicle (August 3, 2006) 1.]

Decision. Various pagings.
decision

Court Press Release. 2 p.
press release

[Request #S63615]

Return to the Table of Contents

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. By the U.S. Department of Energy. (The Department, Washington, DC) August 2006.

["A study concludes that Southern California's electricity grid is seriously congested, a finding that could move the federal government to override state regulators and rule on San Diego Gas & Electric Company's controversial proposal for a new power line from Imperial County.... Under a provision of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the review of transmission projects deemed vital to the nation can be pulled from state regulators and moved to federal jurisdiction if the proposals are not considered in a timely fashion." San Diego Union-Tribune (August 9, 2006) 1.]

Report. 122 p.
http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/Congestion_Study_2006-9MB.pdf

Executive Summary. 8 p.
http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/NETC_ExSum_8Aug08.pdf

[Request #S63619]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENERGY POLICY

The Economic Effects of Recent Increases in Energy Prices. By John Peterson and others, Congressional Budget Office. (The Office, Washington, DC) July 2006. 36 p.

Full Text at: www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/74xx/doc7420/07-21-Energy%20DIST.pdf

["Since late 2003, the price of crude oil has doubled, and prices for gasoline and natural gas have also risen significantly. What impact have those increases had on the U.S. economy? This paper analyzes the short-term macroeconomic effects of the recent rise in energy prices as well as the likely effects over the next 10 years. The paper also evaluates the reasons that those effects have been smaller than might be expected on the basis of the U.S. economy’s response to the oil price shocks of the 1970s."]

[Request #S63616]

Return to the Table of Contents

UTILITIES

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability. By Severin Borenstein, Center for the Study of Energy Markets, University of California. (The Center, Berkeley, California) August 2006. 28 p.

Full Text at: www.ucei.berkeley.edu/PDF/csemwp155.pdf

["One of the most critical concerns that customers have voiced in the debate over real-time retail electricity pricing is that they would be exposed to risk from fluctuations in their electricity cost.... I find that very simple hedging strategies can eliminate more than 80% of the bill volatility that would otherwise occur. These are simple forward power purchase contracts, and are already offered to retail customers by a number of fully-regulated utilities that operate real-time pricing programs."]

[Request #S63617]

Return to the Table of Contents

Assessment of Demand Response & Advanced Metering. By the Staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (The Commission, Washington, DC) August 2006. 228 p.

Full Text at: www.ferc.gov/legal/staff-reports/demand-response.pdf

["“Advanced metering is a metering system that records customer consumption hourly or more frequently.... Placing even a small percentage of customers on tariffs based on marginal production costs, can allocate resources more efficiently... Reductions in customer demand reduce utility revenue. Without regulatory incentives utilities are reluctant to undertake investments in enabling technologies such as advanced metering unless the business case and regulatory support for deployment is sufficiently positive to justify the outlay."]

[Request #S63618]

Return to the Table of Contents

ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES

CLIMATE CHANGE

Our Changing Climate: Assessing the Risks to California. By the California Climate Change Center. (The Center, Sacramento, California) July 2006. 16 p.

Full Text at: www.energy.ca.gov/2006publications/CEC-500-2006-077/CEC-500-2006-077.PDF

["California will become significantly hotter and drier by the end of the century, causing severe air pollution, a drop in the water supply, the melting of 90 percent of the Sierra snowpack and up to six times more heat-related deaths in major urban centers, according to a sweeping study compiled with help from respected scientists around the country.... The report is the first under an executive order signed in June 2005 by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger that calls for biennial studies on the potential impact on the state of continued global warming." San Francisco Chronicle (August 1, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63620]

Return to the Table of Contents

WATER RESOURCES

Hetch Hetchy Restoration Study. By the California Department of Water Resources and the California Department of Parks and Recreation. (Department of Water Resources, Sacramento, California) July 2006. 68 p.

Full Text at: hetchhetchy.water.ca.gov/docs/Hetch_Hetchy_Restoration_Study_Report.pdf

[It would cost anywhere from $3 billion to $10 billion to fulfill one of California environmentalists' fondest dreams -- draining Hetch Hetchy Reservoir and restoring a valley in Yosemite National Park.... The cost estimate is more in line with what critics of the idea expected, and as much as 10 times the figure floated by environmentalists....Those who have been briefed say the report also raises doubts about whether the state even has the power to unplug Hetch Hetchy, because the water system was established by federal legislation." San Francisco Chronicle (July 19, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63621]

Return to the Table of Contents

GENERAL GOVERNMENT

ELECTIONS

Money and Incumbency: Advantages in State Legislative Races, 2004. By Mark Dixon, Institute on Money in State Politics, (The Institute, Helena, Montana) July 20, 2006. 5 p.

Full Text at: www.followthemoney.org/press/Reports/200607201.pdf

["On average, about 85 percent of winners raised the most money in their races. The percentage of winners with the advantage of being an incumbent legislator was high in the 2002 election cycle and increased in the 2004 election cycle. Generally speaking, 70 to 80 percent of legislative winners have an incumbency advantage. Less than 7 percent of state-level candidates are able to win a state legislative seat without having either a fund-raising advantage or already holding office."]

[Request #S63622]

Return to the Table of Contents

PENSION FUNDS

Report of the Audit Committee of the City of San Diego: Investigation into the San Diego City Employees' Retirement System and the City of San Diego Sewer Rate Structure. By Arthur Levitt, Jr., and others, Kroll, Inc. (Kroll, Inc., New York, New York) August 8, 2006.

["The report focused on three main areas: the city's handling of its retirement fund, sewer rates and bond disclosure practices. The consultants found that the city broke the law when it designed schemes to put off fully funding its pension system, which now has a deficit of $1.43 billion. They also determined that the city did not charge business users their fair share of sewer system costs, allowing residents to shoulder an unfair burden and jeopardizing $265 million in state funding that San Diego has received." San Diego Union-Tribune (August 9, 2006) 1.]

Report. Various pagings.
http://www.sandiego.gov/mayor/news/breakingnews.shtml

Executive Summary. 8 P.
http://www.sandiego.gov/mayor/pdf/execsummary.pdf

[Request #S63627]

Return to the Table of Contents

STATE FINANCES

Fiscal Survey of States. By the National Governors Association. (The Association, Washington, DC) June 2006. 55 p.

Full Text at: www.nga.org/Files/pdf/FSS0606.PDF

["While states continue to enjoy relatively stable and healthy fiscal conditions, they remain wary of future expenditure pressures and the expectation of more moderate revenue growth.... States expect continued spending pressures in areas such as health care (i.e. Medicaid) and education and through unfunded federal mandates."]

[Request #S63623]

Return to the Table of Contents

State Tax Revenue Rebounds on Strength in South and West. By Brain T. Stenson and Nai-Ling Ko, Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute. (The Institute, New York, New York) June 2006. 16 p.

Full Text at: rfs.rockinst.org/exhibit/9058/Full%20Text/RR_64.pdf

["Nominal growth in total taxes and corporate income taxes were dragged down by a sharp falloff in California’s corporate income tax collections due to its tax amnesty one year ago. Personal income taxes and the sales tax showed strong growth, as did corporate taxes and total taxes when adjusted for the amnesty. Revenue growth was strongest in the Far West and weakest in the Great Lakes. The western regions continue to lead the nation in employment growth."]

[Request #S63624]

Return to the Table of Contents

VOTERS & VOTING

Paralyzed Veterans of America, et al. v. Bruce McPherson, Secretary of State, et al. U.S. District Court, Northern District of California. C-06-4670. First Amended Complaint. August 1, 2006. 22 p.

["The suit charges that none of the voting systems approved by the secretary of state ensure the accessibility, privacy and independence required for all disabled voters by the 2002 Help America Vote Act. San Francisco, Marin and Sonoma counties used the AutoMARK voting system, which opponents claim is not fully accessible to manually impaired voters. The groups also complained that the electronic voting system used in Alameda County uses a state-required paper-verification system that can't be checked by blind voters." San Francisco Chronicle (August 2, 2006) 1].

[Request #S63626]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH

AUTISM

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Relation to Distribution of Hazardous Air Pollutants in the San Francisco Bay Area. By Gayle C. Windham and others. Environmental Health Perspectives. Vol. 114. No. 6. (Raleigh, North Carolina) June 21, 2006. ehponline. 6 p.

Full Text at: www.ehponline.org/docs/2006/9120/abstract.pdf

["Children with autism disorders in the San Francisco Bay Area were 50% more likely to be born in neighborhoods with high amounts of several toxic air contaminants, particularly mercury, according to a first-of-its-kind study by the California Department of Health Services. The new findings, which surprised the researchers, suggest that a mother's exposure to industrial air pollutants while pregnant might increase her child's risk of autism, a neurological condition increasingly diagnosed in the last 10 years." Los Angeles Times (June 23, 2006) B3.]

[Request #S63628]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY

Health Care in the Express Lane: The Emergence of Retail Clinics. By Mary Kate Scott. Prepared for the California HealthCare Foundation. (The Foundation, Oakland, California) July 2006. 31 p.

Full Text at: www.chcf.org/documents/policy/HealthCareInTheExpressLaneRetailClinics.pdf

["This report examines this innovation from a national and California perspective. It provides an overview of in-store clinics and converging trends in retail and health care, and explores the potential for these clinics to succeed as a viable business model. Surveys indicate that retail-based clinics appeal most to higher-income consumers willing to pay for convenience, and uninsured consumers, who have few alternatives and limited flexibility. According to the report, national consumer reviews have been positive and retail clinic numbers are expected to skyrocket from less than 100 in mid-2006 to several thousand by the end of 2007."]

[Request #S63629]

Return to the Table of Contents

HEALTH INSURANCE

Ordinance Amending San Francisco Admistrative Code to Add Chapter 14, Sections 14.1 through 14.8, to Provide Health Care Security for San Francisco Residents by Creating a Public Health Access Program for the Uninsured. San Francisco Board of Supervisors. July 17, 2006. 15 p. AND Budget Analysis. By San Francisco Board of Supervisors Budget Analyst. July 6, 2006. 8 p. AND Economic Impact Report of the Proposed Worker Health Care Security Ordinance. By the Office of Economic Analysis, San Francisco Controller's Office. June 23, 2006. 15 p.

["The San Francisco Board of Supervisors approved a unique plan to provide health care to tens of thousands of residents who have no health insurance. The proposal will require all businesses with 20 or more workers to set aside a minimum amount for each employee, which would be used to purchase private health insurance or access to the program. It would mainly affect medium-size firms with 20 to 100 employees that typically do not now offer insurance, as well as those residents who are unemployed or work sporadically." Sacramento Bee (July 19, 2006) Al.]

Note: all documents in one PDF file
http://www.sfgov.org/site/uploadedfiles/bdsupvrs/bosagendas/materials/051919.pdf

[Request #S63632]

Return to the Table of Contents

MEDICAL LEAVE

Support For Working Family Caregivers: Paid Leave Policies in California and Beyond. By Sheel M. Pandya and others, Family Caregiver Alliance, National Center on Caregiving (The Center, San Francisco, California) June 2006. 12 p.

Full Text at: www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content/pdfs/op_2006_paid_leave2.pdf

["The report describes the development and initial implementation of California’s landmark law, and its utilization by individuals who are juggling the competing demands of jobs and care for family members or partners with chronic or debilitating health conditions. The report also summarizes the progress towards similar statutes at federal and state levels." Newswire (July 5, 2006) 1.]

[Request #S63633]

Return to the Table of Contents

HUMAN SERVICES

LOW INCOME

From Poverty, Opportunity: Putting the Market to Work for Lower Income Families. By Matt Fellowes, Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program. (The Institution, Washington, DC) 2006.

Full Text at:

["Public and private leaders have a substantial, and widely overlooked, opportunity today to help lower income families get ahead by bringing down the inflated prices they pay for basic necessities, such as food and housing.... Public and private leaders can reduce the cost of living for lower income consumers by reducing both real and perceived market risks in doing business with such consumers, curbing market abuses that inflate prices, and investing in making lower income consumers the savviest shoppers in the marketplace.... The policies needed to capture these savings for families will require few taxpayer dollars and true public-private partnership."]

Executive Summary: 4 p.
http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20060718_PovOpes.pdf

Full Report: 80 p.
http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20060718_PovOp.pdf

[Request #S63634]

Return to the Table of Contents


STUDIES TO COME
[The following studies, reports, and documents have been ordered or requested, but have not yet arrived. Requests may be placed, and copies will be provided when the material arrives.]

EMPLOYMENT

WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

"Motivating Employees in a New Governance Era: The Performance Paradigm Revisited." By James L. Perry and others. IN: Public Administration Review, vol. 66, no. 4. (July/August 2006) pp. 505-514.

["In this essay, we summarize what the voluminous body of social and behavioral science research tells us about motivating human performance in public, private, and nonprofit organizations. Informing this analysis is a 'review of reviews' of a sprawling research base that examines four elements of the traditional performance paradigm: employee incentives, job design, employee participation, and goal setting. From this body of research, we discern what is known about employee motivation, what is left to know, and how useful the classic performance paradigm is in light of these new governance challenges."]

[Request #S63635]

Return to the Table of Contents